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Encyclopedia > Stax Records
Stax Records
Parent company Concord Music Group
Founded 1957
Founder(s) Jim Stewart, Estelle Axton
Distributing label Concord Records (In the U.S.), Universal Music Group
Genre(s) R&B, soul music, blues
Country of origin U.S.
Official Website http://www.stax-records.com

Stax Records is an American record label, originally based out of Memphis, Tennessee. The label was founded in 1957 as Satellite Records, and changed its name in 1961 to "Stax", a portmanteau of the names of the two original owners of the company: Jim Stewart and Estelle Axton. Stax was a major player in the creation of the Southern soul and Memphis soul music styles, and frequently released early funk and 1960s Chicago blues recordings. While Stax was involved almost exclusively in the production of African-American music, the label is noted for having some of the first popular ethnically-integrated bands. Image File history File links Stax-records-logo. ... Concord Music Group is a record company formed in 2004 by the merger of Concord Records and Fantasy Records. ... Jim Stewart (born July 29, 1930), was a record company executive and producer who co-founded Stax Records. ... Estelle Axton was the co-founder (with her brother Jim Stewart) of Stax Records. ... Concord Records is a well-known Beverly Hills, California based jazz record label. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... Universal Music Group (UMG), formerly MCA Music Entertainment Group, is the largest business group and family of record labels in the recording industry. ... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... For other uses, see Soul music (disambiguation). ... Blues is a vocal and instrumental form of music based on the use of the blue notes and a repetitive pattern that most often follows a twelve-bar structure. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... For other uses, see Memphis (disambiguation). ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... A portmanteau (IPA pronunciation: ) is a word or morpheme which fuses two or more words or parts of words to give a combined or loaded meaning. ... Southern soul is a style of music that falls within the larger soul music and r&b Music genres. ... Memphis soul is stylish, funky, uptown soul music that is not as hard edged as Southern soul. ... Funk is an African American musical style. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... The Chicago blues is a form of blues music that developed in Chicago, Illinois by adding electrically amplified guitar, drums, piano, bass guitar and sometimes saxophone to the basic guitar/harmonica Delta blues. ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ...


Atlantic Records distributed Stax recordings from 1959 until 1968, when the label was sold to the Gulf and Western conglomerate. Stax went bankrupt in 1976, and Fantasy Records purchased the label and its backlog. The label's current owners, Concord Records, acquired Stax when they purchased Fantasy in 2004, and reactivated the label to release new recordings while continuing to reissue older material. Atlantic Records (Atlantic Recording Corporation) is an American record label, and operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of Warner Music Group. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1968 Gregorian calendar. ... Gulf and Western Industries, for a number of years known as Gulf+Western, was a United States conglomerate. ... Year 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the 1976 Gregorian calendar. ... Fantasy Records is a United States based record label, which was founded by Max and Sol Weiss in 1949 in San Francisco, California. ... Concord Records is a well-known Beverly Hills, California based jazz record label. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

History

Early years

The classic "Stax-O-Wax" logo used during the Atlantic distribution years

Satellite Records was founded in 1957 by Jim Stewart, [1] initially operating in a north Memphis garage. His sister Estelle Axton began her financial interest in the company in 1958 and briefly operated in Brunswick, Tennessee before moving into an old movie theater, the former Capitol Theatre, at 926 East McLemore Avenue in Memphis. After initially issuing country music records, the company switched to more lucrative rhythm and blues music, as the demographics of the neighborhood around their building shifted towards a primarily African-American population. Stewart, a white country fiddle player, had little previous knowledge or interest in rhythm and blues music. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... See also: 1956 in music, other events of 1957, 1958 in music, 1950s in music and the list of years in music // January 5 - Renato Carosone and his band start their American tour in Cuba. ... Jim Stewart (born July 29, 1930), was a record company executive and producer who co-founded Stax Records. ... Estelle Axton was the co-founder (with her brother Jim Stewart) of Stax Records. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A typical multiplex (AMC Promenade 16 in Woodland Hills, Los Angeles, United States). ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Rhythm and blues (also known as R&B or RnB) is a popular music genre combining jazz, gospel, and blues influences — first performed by African American artists. ... Whites redirects here. ... The term fiddle refers to a violin when used in folk music. ...


The Atlantic years

The first successful artists recorded by Satellite were vocalists Rufus and Carla Thomas, a father-daughter duo whose work attracted Atlantic Records, with whom Stewart made a distribution deal giving Atlantic first choice on releasing Satellite recordings. Another of the early bands signed to the company was a Memphis group, The Mar-Keys, formerly known as The Royal Spades. The Mar-Keys' 1961 single "Last Night" was the first to be nationally distributed on the Satellite label. Previous Atlantic issues of Satellite material were issued nationally on the Atlantic or Atco labels. A singer is a musician who uses his or her voice to produce music. ... Rufus 1990 album for Alligator Records, That Woman Is Poison! Rufus Thomas (March 26, 1917 – December 15, 2001) was a rhythm and blues and soul singer from Memphis, Tennessee, who recorded on Sun Records in the 1950s and on Stax Records in the 1960s and 1970s. ... Carla Thomas (born December 21, 1942 in Memphis, Tennessee) is often referred to as the Queen of Memphis Soul. ... Atlantic Records (Atlantic Recording Corporation) is an American record label, and operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of Warner Music Group. ... The Mar-Keys, formed in 1958, were a studio session band for the Stax label from Memphis, Tennessee in the 1960s. ... Atco Records is an American record label owned by Warner Music Group, currently operating through WMGs Rhino Entertainment. ...


As "Last Night" was rising up the music charts, Stewart and Axton learned of another Satellite Records in operation in California, and changed the name of their label to "Stax". Shortly thereafter, pianist Booker T Jones joined the label and, along with members of The Mar-Keys, began performing as "Booker T. and the Memphis Group", later changing their name to Booker T. & the MGs. The MGs' sound exemplified the southern soul style that Stax was looking for, and the band soon became Stax's house studio band, just as The Funk Brothers were the primary musicians for Stax's main competitor, Detroit's Motown Records. Pianist Claudio Arrau, Carnegie Hall, 1954. ... Booker T. Jones (born November 12, 1944) is a multi_instrumentalist, songwriter, producer and arranger, most well known for fronting the band Booker T. and the MGs. ... Booker T. & the M.G.s is a soul band, most prominent in the 1960s and 1970s. ... The Funk Brothers were a group of Detroit, Michigan musicians who performed on the backing tracks to most Motown Records recordings from 1959 until 1972, when the company moved to Los Angeles. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... Motown Records, also known as Tamla-Motown outside of the United States, is a record label originally based out of Detroit, Michigan (Motor City), where it achieved widespread international success. ...


Atlantic co-owner Jerry Wexler was fascinated by the unique sound being produced at Stax, and he was startled to learn that the label's signature style was literally an accident. The Stax recording studio in the converted movie theater still had the sloped floor where the seats had once been. Because the room was imbalanced, it created an acoustic anomaly that translated into the recordings, often giving them a big, deep yet raw sound. By 1965, Stax had signed a formal national distribution deal with Atlantic Records. Jerome Jerry Wexler (born 10 January 1917) is a music journalist turned highly influential music producer, and is regarded as one of the major record industry players behind 1960s soul music. ...

Hip Hug-Her by Booker T. & The MG's (1967), showing the two different Atlantic era Stax logos
Hip Hug-Her by Booker T. & The MG's (1967), showing the two different Atlantic era Stax logos

Wexler frequently brought some Atlantic artists to Memphis for recording sessions at Stax. For example, Atlantic artist Wilson Pickett's hits were Stax songs in all-but-name, as they were recorded at Stax and backed by Booker T. & the MGs, yet released on Atlantic. In contrast, Sam and Dave, a duo act on the Atlantic roster, were "leased" to Stax, which oversaw their music and put it out on the Stax label. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Hip Hug-Her is a soul album by Booker T. & the M.G.s, released on Stax Records in June of 1967. ... Wilson Pickett (March 18, 1941 – January 19, 2006) was an American R&B/Rock and Roll and soul singer. ... Sam & Dave were an American soul duo, known as one of the best and earliest soul groups. ...


In that era, many radio stations, anxious to avoid even the hint of the impression of payola, often followed a policy of refusing to play more than one or two new songs from any single record label at one time, so as to not appear to be offering favoritism to any particular label. To circumvent this, Stax, like many other record companies, created a number of subsidiary labels. The best known of these was Volt, founded in 1962, which was the label home of popular soul singer Otis Redding. Other Stax subsidiaries included Enterprise, Chalice, Hip, and Safice. It has been suggested that Pay to Play#In Music be merged into this article or section. ... Otis Ray Redding, Jr. ...


By the mid-1960s, Stax and its subsidiaries had hit their stride, regularly scoring hits with artists such as Otis Redding, Sam and Dave, Carla Thomas, William Bell, Booker T. & the MG's, and The Bar-Kays. Several Stax hits were written and produced by the team of Isaac Hayes & David Porter, both later recording artists in their own right. William E. Bell is a Canadian childrens author who lives in Orillia, Ontario. ... The Bar-Kays were a popular Memphis, Tennessee, soul, R&B, and funk group performing from 1966 and continue to perform today, although with only one original member. ... For the American arctic explorer, see Isaac Israel Hayes Isaac Lee Hayes (born August 20, 1942, in Covington, Tennessee) is an American soul and funk singer, songwriter, musician, record producer, arranger, and actor. ... David Porter (born 21 November 1941) is an American soul musician best known as the songwriting partner of Isaac Hayes during the 1960s. ...


Unlike Motown, which frequently packaged its artists on review tours, Stax only infrequently sought to promote its acts through label-sponsored live concerts. The first of these was in the summer of 1965, in Los Angeles rather than in Memphis. While the show was a success, the Watts riots began the day afterward, and several Stax artists were trapped in Watts during the violence. Stax also sponsored a Christmas concert in Memphis for several years, the most notorious of which was held in 1968, when special guest Janis Joplin performed drunk and was booed off of the stage. The most successful Stax package revue was a tour of England and France in 1967. Playing to sold-out crowds across western Europe, Stax released several live albums from the tour recordings, including the best-selling Otis Live In Europe. Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... The term Watts Riots refers to a large-scale riot which lasted six days in the Watts neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, in August 1965. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1968 Gregorian calendar. ... Janis Lyn Joplin (19th January, 1943 – 4 October 1970) was an American blues-influenced rock singer and occasional songwriter with a distinctive voice. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the  United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total 130... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... The borders of Western Europe were largely defined by the Cold War. ...

The Stax Museum on McLemore Avenue in Memphis, founded in 2003, is a replica of the Stax studio, built on the same site where many of the historic Stax recording sessions took place. The original Stax studio was torn down in 1989.
The Stax Museum on McLemore Avenue in Memphis, founded in 2003, is a replica of the Stax studio, built on the same site where many of the historic Stax recording sessions took place. The original Stax studio was torn down in 1989.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1540, 305 KB) Stax Records museum in Memphis, Tennessee. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1540, 305 KB) Stax Records museum in Memphis, Tennessee. ... The Stax Museum on McLemore Avenue in Memphis is a replica of the Stax studio (torn down in 1989) built on the same site where many historic recording sessions took place. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

The break from Atlantic Records

In 1967, Atlantic Records was sold to Warner Bros.-Seven Arts, which activated a clause in the Stax/Atlantic distribution contract calling for renegotiation of the distribution deal. At this point, it was pointed out to Stewart that he had unknowingly signed away the rights to the original master recordings for all of Stax's Atlantic-distributed hits. The executives at Warner refused to renegotiate their contract with Stax and return ownership of the Stax masters to Stewart. As a result, Stewart sold the company to Gulf and Western in March 1968. Stewart remained at the company, while Estelle Axton left Stax after the sale. As a result, Stax was forced to move forward without the most desirable portion of its back catalogue and without Sam and Dave, who remained at Atlantic after the split. To make matters worse, Stax's biggest artist, Otis Redding, died in a plane crash in December 1967. 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... Warner Bros. ... Gulf and Western Industries, for a number of years known as Gulf+Western, was a United States conglomerate. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1968 Gregorian calendar. ...


After the Atlantic distribution deal expired in May of 1968, Atlantic briefly marketed Stax/Volt recordings made after the split. These recordings feature the alternate Stax/Volt logos used on the album covers on their labels, as opposed to the original Atlantic-era logos, such as the "Stax-o-wax" logo. Stax label recordings were reissued on the Atlantic label, and Volt label material on the Atco label. Gulf and Western-owned Stax/Volt releases used new label designs, new logos (including the recognizable finger snapping logo) and new catalogue numbering systems to avoid confusion among the record distributors.


Stax as an independent label

Although Stax had also lost their most valuable artists, they recovered quickly. Johnnie Taylor gave Stax its first big post-Atlantic hit with "Who's Making Love" in 1968. Producer and songwriter Isaac Hayes stepped into the spotlight with Hot Buttered Soul , which sold over three million copies in 1969. By 1971, Hayes was established as the label's biggest star, and was particularly noted for his best-selling soundtrack to the 1971 blaxploitation film Shaft. Hayes' recordings were among the releases on a third major Stax label, Enterprise, which had been founded in 1967. Johnnie Harrison Taylor (May 5, 1938–May 31, 2000) was a vocalist in a wide variety of genres, from gospel, blues and soul to pop, doo-wop and disco. ... Hot Buttered Soul Hot Buttered Soul was Isaac Hayes second studio album, released in 1969 and was a landmark in soul music. ... For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ... Shaft is an album by Isaac Hayes and is the soundtrack album to the movie of the same name. ... Sweet Sweetback’s Baadasssss Song (Melvin Van Peebles 1971) Blaxploitation is a film genre that emerged in the United States in the early 1970s when many exploitation films were made that targeted the urban African American audience; the word itself is a combination of the words black and exploitation. Blaxploitation... Shaft is a 1971 film used as a model for blaxploitation films, but many debate whether it actually falls under the category of blaxploitation itself (it has more elements of film noir). ...


The label also enjoyed great success when it had the Staples Singers shift from Gospel music to secular R&B. Even Rufus Thomas, one of the first artists signed to the label, enjoyed a popular resurgence with a string of hits. However, Stax's record sales were down overall, under Gulf and Western's poor management. In 1970, Stewart and Al Bell, Stax's sales director, purchased the label back. Stax subsisted on its own for a short period until 1972, when negotiations with CBS Records began. Stewart, unable to bear seeing the company die, began to channel his personal funds into keeping it afloat. The Staple Singers were a United States gospel, soul, and R&B singing group. ... For other uses, see Gospel (disambiguation). ... Rufus 1990 album for Alligator Records, That Woman Is Poison! Rufus Thomas (March 26, 1917 – December 15, 2001) was a rhythm and blues and soul singer from Memphis, Tennessee, who recorded on Sun Records in the 1950s and on Stax Records in the 1960s and 1970s. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Columbia Records is the oldest brand name in recorded sound, dating back to 1888, and was the first record company to produce pre-recorded records as opposed to blank cylinders. ...


As co-owner, Bell undertook an ambitious program to make Stax not only a major recording company, but also a prominent player in the black community. The Stax logo was slightly altered with the finger-snapping hand recolored brown. He began signing many more artists to the label, Johnnie Taylor and The Soul Children among them. For the first time, many of the label's acts began frequently recording at outside studios (such as Muscle Shoals, Alabama) and working with outside producers, signaling an end of the signature Stax sound. Bell even created a comedy subsidiary label, Partee Records, which released albums from the likes of Richard Pryor and Moms Mabley; and he made a bid for the white pop market by signing Big Star. In addition, Bell also became heavily involved with various causes in the African-American community, and was a close friend of the Reverend Jesse Jackson and a financial supporter of his Operation PUSH. Johnnie Harrison Taylor (May 5, 1938–May 31, 2000) was a vocalist in a wide variety of genres, from gospel, blues and soul to pop, doo-wop and disco. ... The Soul Children was an American soul music group. ... Muscle Shoals is a city located in Colbert County, Alabama, USA. As of the 2000 census, the population of the city is 11,924. ... Official language(s) English Capital Montgomery Largest city Birmingham Area  Ranked 30th  - Total 52,419 sq mi (135,765 km²)  - Width 190 miles (306 km)  - Length 330 miles (531 km)  - % water 3. ... Richard Franklin Lennox Thomas Pryor III (December 1, 1940 – December 10, 2005) was an American comedian, actor, and writer. ... Jackie Moms Mabley (born 19 March 1894, Brevard, North Carolina died 23 May 1975 White Plains, New York) was an American comedienne. ... Big Star was an American rock and roll band of the early 1970s whose work is often cited as a prime example of power pop. ... The Reverend is an honorary prefix added to the names of Christian clergy and ministers. ... Jesse Louis Jackson (born October 8, 1941) is an American politician, professional civil rights activist and Baptist minister. ... Jesse Jackson formed two non-profit organizations, Operation PUSH (People United To Serve Humanity) in 1971 and the National Rainbow Coalition in 1984. ...


On August 20, 1972, the Stax label presented a major concert, Wattstax, featured performances by Stax recording artists and humor from rising young comedian Richard Pryor. Known as the "Black Woodstock," Wattstax was hosted by Reverend Jesse Jackson and drew a crowd of over 100,000 attendees, most of them African-American. Wattstax was filmed by motion picture director Mel Stuart (Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory), and a concert film of the event was released to theaters by Columbia Pictures in February 1973. is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Wattstax DVD Cover Wattstax was a festival at the Los Angeles Coliseum on August 20, 1972 organized by Memphiss Stax Records to commemorate the seventh anniversary of the Watts riots. ... Woodstock may refer to: Woodstock Music and Art Festival, a 1969 U.S. rock festival which inspired a 1970 Warner Bros. ... Jesse Louis Jackson (born October 8, 1941) is an American politician, professional civil rights activist and Baptist minister. ... Mel Stuart is an American film director born in 1928. ... It has been suggested that Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory in popular culture be merged into this article or section. ... The Columbia Pictures logo from 1993 to the present Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ...


Bankruptcy

Despite the success of Wattstax, the future of Stax was unstable. A distribution deal was signed with CBS Records, where label President Clive Davis saw Stax as a means for CBS to fully break into the African-American market and successfully compete with Motown. However, Davis was fired by the company shortly after signing the Stax distribution deal. Without Davis at the helm, CBS very quickly lost interest in Stax. The Stax labels' profits were cut severely, particularly since the CBS distribution agents bypassed the traditional small "Mom 'n Pop" record sellers in the black community which had been the backbone of Stax's distribution, and weren't pushing the Stax product to the larger retailers for fear of undercutting rack space for CBS artists. Reports came in to Stax of stores in cities such as Chicago and Detroit being unable to get new Stax records despite consumer demands, and the company attempted to anull its distribution deal with CBS. However, although CBS was uninterested in fully promoting Stax, it refused to release the label from its contract, for fear that Stax would land a more productive deal with another company and then become CBS's direct competition. Clive Jay Davis (born April 4, 1932) is a Grammy Award winning record producer and a leading music industry executive. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: Country United States State Illinois County Cook & DuPage Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor...


The last big chart hit for Stax was "Woman to Woman" from Shirley Brown in 1974, and the single's success help delay the inevitable demise of the company for several months. Al Bell attempted to stave off bankruptcy with bank loans, while Jim Stewart mortgaged his Memphis mansion to provide the label with short-term working capital. However, bank officers soon got cold feet, and foreclosed on the loans, costing Stewart his home the fortune he had earned. Stax/Volt Records declared Chapter 11 bankruptcy in December 1975, and its assets, catalogue, and McLemore Ave. headquarters sold for about a million dollars. Shirley Brown is a soul singer, born January 6, 1947 in West Memphis, Arkansas. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code governs the process of reorganization under the bankruptcy laws of the United States. ... Notice of closure stuck on the door of a computer store the day after its parent company, Granville Technology Group Ltd, declared bankruptcy (strictly, put into administration - see text) in the UK. Bankruptcy is a legally declared inability or impairment of ability of an individual or organizations to pay their... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Stax revival

Fantasy Records bought the non-Atlantic Stax recordings and continued to repackage and rerelease the Stax catalogue on the Stax label. Atlantic still has the rights to the Atlantic-era Stax recordings released up to May 1968, most of which have been reissued by co-owned Rhino Records or licensed to Collectables Records. Fantasy retained the rights to Atlantic-era Stax recordings which were not released by Atlantic Records. For several of its Stax compilations, Fantasy issued alternate takes of Stax hit records from the Atlantic era in place of the master recordings owned by Atlantic. Fantasy Records is a United States based record label, which was founded by Max and Sol Weiss in 1949 in San Francisco, California. ... Rhino Entertainment is a specialty record label originally known for releasing retrospectives of famous comedy performers, including Stan Freberg, Tom Lehrer, and Spike Jones. ... Collectables Records was founded in the early 1980s by Jerry Greene, who had previously been associated with Lost Nite Records and both New Yorks Times Square Record Shop and Philadelphias Record Museum record store chains. ...


In 1988, Fantasy issued the various artists album Top of the Stax, Vol. 1: Twenty Greatest Hits which marked the first time an album was issued with both Atlantic-owned and Fantasy-owned Stax material and was issued by arrangement with Atlantic Records. A second volume was released by Fantasy in 1991.


In 1991, Atlantic issued The Complete Stax/Volt Singles 1959-1968, a nine-disc compact disc boxed set containing all of the Atlantic-era Stax a-sides. Fantasy followed their lead and issued volumes two and three of the Complete Stax/Volt Soul Singles series in 1993 and 1994, respectively. Volume two compiles the Stax/Volt singles from 1968 to 1971, while volume three completes the collection with the singles issued from 1972 to 1975. In 2000, Fantasy issued a boxed set titled The Stax Story, which includes pre-1968 material by arrangement with Atlantic. A Compact Disc or CD is an optical disc used to store digital data, originally developed for storing digital audio. ... A boxed set (often erroneously referred to as a box set) is one or more musical recordings, films, or television programs that are contained in a box. ...


Although the original Stax studio was torn down in 1989 after a decade of neglect, the Stax Museum of American Soul Music, a replica of the Stax Recording Studios, was constructed at the site and opened in 2003. The Stax Museum on McLemore Avenue in Memphis is a replica of the Stax studio (torn down in 1989) built on the same site where many historic recording sessions took place. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Concord Music Group purchased the Fantasy Label Group in 2004, and in December 2006 announced the reactivation of the Stax label. The formal relaunch came with the release on March 13, 2007 of Stax 50th Anniversary Celebration, a 2-CD box set containing 50 tracks from the entire history of Stax Records. [2] The first acts signed to the new Stax include Isaac Hayes, Angie Stone, and Soulive. [3] The first Concord distributed Stax album of all new material is a various artists CD which was released on March 27, 2007 and titled Interpretations: Celebrating The Music of Earth, Wind & Fire.[4] Concord Music Group is a record company formed in 2004 by the merger of Concord Records and Fantasy Records. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... For the American arctic explorer, see Isaac Israel Hayes Isaac Lee Hayes (born August 20, 1942, in Covington, Tennessee) is an American soul and funk singer, songwriter, musician, record producer, arranger, and actor. ... Angie Stone (born Angela Laverne Brown in 1961 in Columbia, South Carolina) is a Grammy Award-nominated American R&B, hip-hop, and neo soul singer and actress. ... Soulive is a jazz trio that originated in Woodstock, New York, and is known for its ripping solos and catchy, upbeat songs. ... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (87th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


In the UK, Keith Strachan has written and directed a new musical called Sweet Soul Music which celebrates the 50th anniversary of the first ever Stax/Atlantic tour. It tours nationwide from February 2007 and features tributes to all the major Stax artists.


Notable Stax artists

Carla Thomas (born December 21, 1942 in Memphis, Tennessee) is often referred to as the Queen of Memphis Soul. ... Rufus 1990 album for Alligator Records, That Woman Is Poison! Rufus Thomas (March 26, 1917 – December 15, 2001) was a rhythm and blues and soul singer from Memphis, Tennessee, who recorded on Sun Records in the 1950s and on Stax Records in the 1960s and 1970s. ... William Bell (born William Yarborough on July 16, 1937 in Memphis, Tennessee) is an American soul singer and songwriter. ... ... Booker T. & the M.G.s is a soul band, most prominent in the 1960s and 1970s. ... Otis Ray Redding, Jr. ... Sam & Dave were an American soul duo, known as one of the best and earliest soul groups. ... Albert King performing at the Wattstax Concert, 1972. ... The Bar-Kays were a popular Memphis, Tennessee, soul, R&B, and funk group performing from 1966 and continue to perform today, although with only one original member. ... For the American arctic explorer, see Isaac Israel Hayes Isaac Lee Hayes (born August 20, 1942, in Covington, Tennessee) is an American soul and funk singer, songwriter, musician, record producer, arranger, and actor. ... David Porter (February 1, 1780 – March 3, 1843) was an officer in the United States Navy and later the commander-in-chief of the Mexican Navy. ... Johnnie Harrison Taylor (May 5, 1938–May 31, 2000) was a vocalist in a wide variety of genres, from gospel, blues and soul to pop, doo-wop and disco. ... Richard Franklin Lennox Thomas Pryor III (December 1, 1940 – December 10, 2005) was an American comedian, actor, and writer. ... Jackie Moms Mabley (born 19 March 1894, Brevard, North Carolina died 23 May 1975 White Plains, New York) was an American comedienne. ... Big Star was an American rock and roll band of the early 1970s whose work is often cited as a prime example of power pop. ... The Emotions were an all-female soul, disco, and R&B singing group that was most successful during the late-1970s and 1980s. ... The Soul Children was an American soul music group. ... The Staple Singers were a United States gospel music group. ... Luther Ingram (November 30, 1937 — March 19, 2007) was an R&B soul singer and songwriter. ... Mel and Tim were an American soul music duo active in the 1960s and early 1970s, and best known for the hit, Backfield in Motion. Mel Hardin and Tim McPherson were cousins from Holly Springs, Mississippi, who traveled to Chicago where they were discovered by Gene Chandler. ... Frederick Winn Knight (d. ... Shirley Brown is a soul singer, born January 6, 1947 in West Memphis, Arkansas. ...

See also

This is a list of record labels. ... The Stax Museum on McLemore Avenue in Memphis is a replica of the Stax studio (torn down in 1989) built on the same site where many historic recording sessions took place. ...

Bibliography

  • Rob Bowman (1997). Soulsville U.S.A: The Story of Stax Records. Prentice-Hall. ISBN 0-8256-7284-8. 
  • Shaw, Arnold (1978). Honkers and Shouters. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. ISBN 0-02-061740-2. 

Rob Bowman is a contemporary Canadian professor of ethnomusicology and a music writer. ...

Sample

Otis Ray Redding, Jr. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Stax Records - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (651 words)
Stax Records was a Memphis, Tennessee based record label that existed from 1959 to 1976.
The first successful artists recorded by Satellite were vocalists Rufus and Carla Thomas, a father-daughter duo whose work attracted Atlantic Records, with whom Stewart made a contract giving ownership of master tapes and first choice on releasing recordings.
Fantasy Records bought the post-Atlantic (post-May 1968) Stax recordings and continued to repackage and rerelease the Stax catalogue.
Stax - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (276 words)
StAX is also an acronym for Streaming API for XML (a Java based API for pull-parsing XML).
Stax is best known for their electrostatic and electret headphones, called "ear speakers." Electrostatic headphones work just like electrostatic loudspeakers, yet on a smaller scale.
To reduce costs, Stax made a line of Electret headphones, which are often confused for their better known electrostatic headphones, but which work on a different principle.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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