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Encyclopedia > Staunton, Virginia
West Beverley Street in downtown Staunton
West Beverley Street in downtown Staunton

Staunton (IPA: ['stæntn̩] or "STAN-tehn" or "STANT-en") is an independent city within the confines of Augusta County in the commonwealth of Virginia. The population was 23,853 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Augusta CountyGR6. The Bureau of Economic Analysis combines the city of Staunton (along with nearby Waynesboro) with Augusta county for statistical purposes. The city was originally named Augusta Courthouse and was the westernmost courthouse in British North America prior to the American Revolution.[citation needed] Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 877 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 877 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... An independent city is a city that does not form part of another general-purpose local government entity. ... Augusta County is a county located in the U.S. state — officially, Commonwealth — of Virginia. ... This article or section may be confusing or unclear for some readers, and should be edited to rectify this. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Augusta County is a county located in the U.S. state — officially, Commonwealth — of Virginia. ... The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) is an agency in the United States Department of Commerce that provides a comprehensive statistical picture of the economy of the United States. ... Downtown Waynesboro showing Main Street, as well as the scar on the mountain prior to being seeded. ... British North America was an informal term first used in 1783, but uncommon before the Report on the Affairs of British North America (1839), called the Durham Report. ... John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence, showing the five-man committee in charge of drafting the Declaration in 1776 as it presents its work to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia The American Revolution refers to the period during the last half of the 18th century in which the Thirteen...


Staunton was founded in 1747, incorporated in 1871, and became an independent city on July 10, 1902.[1] In 1908, Staunton was the first city in the world to adopt a city manager form of government, an outgrowth of the Progressive movement, which has been repeated in many locations since.[1] It is known for being the birthplace of the 28th U.S. President, Woodrow Wilson and the home of Mary Baldwin College, a women's college that features a number of unique programs, including the Virginia Women's Institute for Leadership and the Program for the Exceptionally Gifted. Staunton is also home to the older of the two campuses of the Virginia School for the Deaf and Blind. (The newer campus is in Hampton, Virginia.) is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The council-manager government is one of 2 main variations of representative municipal government (for contrast, also see Mayor-Council government). ... This article is about Progressivism. ... For the pop band, see Presidents of the United States of America. ... Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856–February 3, 1924), was the twenty-eighth President of the United States. ... Mary Baldwin College is a private independent comprehensive four-year liberal arts womens college in Staunton, Virginia. ... The Virginia Womens Institute for Leadership (or VWIL) is a womens military college based at Mary Baldwin College in Staunton, Virginia. ... The Program for the Exceptionally Gifted (PEG) at Mary Baldwin College is an early college entrance program designed for girls ages 12 to 17 who have not completed high school. ... The Virginia School for the Deaf and Blind is an institution for educating deaf and blind children, first established in 1838 by an act of the Virginia General Assembly. ... Motto: Americas First Location in the State of Virginia Coordinates: County Independent City Mayor Ross Kearney II Area    - City 352. ...


Staunton has a sister city, Vişeu de Sus, Romania. Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ... ViÅŸeul de Sus (Hungarian: FelsÅ‘visó, German: Oberwischau) is a town in MaramureÅŸ county, Romania, located at the confluence of the ViÅŸeu river and Vaser. ...

The Famous Staunton Landmark, The Masonic Building.
The Famous Staunton Landmark, The Masonic Building.

Contents

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1524 × 2032 pixel, file size: 654 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Masonic Building on West Beverley Street. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1524 × 2032 pixel, file size: 654 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Masonic Building on West Beverley Street. ...

Geography

Location of Staunton, Virginia

Staunton is located at 38°9′28″N, 79°4′35″W (38.15792, -79.07645)GR1. Image File history File links Adapted from Wikipedias VA county maps by Seth Ilys. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 51.0 km² (19.7 mi²). None of the area is covered with water. Staunton is located in the Shenandoah Valley in between the Blue Ridge and Allegheny Mountains of the Appalachian Mountains. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Canoeing on the Shenandoah River near Winchester, VA. The Shenandoah Valley region of western Virginia, from Winchester to Staunton, is bounded by the Blue Ridge mountains to the East and the Allegheny mountains to the West. ... Blue Ridge Mountains, Shining Rock Wilderness Area Appalachian Mountain system The Blue Ridge is a mountain chain in the eastern United States, part of the Appalachian Mountains, forming their eastern front from Georgia to Pennsylvania. ... The Allegheny Mountain Range (also spelled Alleghany and Allegany) -- informally, the Alleghenies -- is part of the Appalachian Mountain Range of the eastern United States. ... Appalachians in North Carolina The Appalachian Mountains (French: les Appalaches) are a vast system of mountains in eastern North America. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 23,853 people, 9,676 households, and 5,766 families residing in the city. The population density was 467.3/km² (1,210.3/mi²). There were 10,427 housing units at an average density of 204.3/km² (529.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.29% White, 13.95% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.52% from other races, and 1.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.11% of the population. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 9,676 households out of which 24.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.4% were non-families. 34.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.81. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 19.8% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.0 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $32,941, and the median income for a family was $44,422. Males had a median income of $30,153 versus $22,079 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,161. About 7.7% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.9% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Tourism

Coffee On The Corner building recently painted yellow, with the Blackfriars Playhouse and the Stonewall Jackson Hotel in the background.
Coffee On The Corner building recently painted yellow, with the Blackfriars Playhouse and the Stonewall Jackson Hotel in the background.

Tourism is one of Staunton's highest appeals. It is home to Blackfriars Playhouse, the only existing replica of Shakespeare's Blackfriars Theatre. The Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library is open for visitors, as well as the Museum of American Frontier Culture, an insider's look at life in early America. Often called the "Queen City" of the Shenandoah Valley, Staunton has five separate historic districts. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2032 × 1524 pixel, file size: 757 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Coffee On The Corner Building on the corner of Market and Beverley streets. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2032 × 1524 pixel, file size: 757 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Coffee On The Corner Building on the corner of Market and Beverley streets. ... Blackfriars Playhouse is the worlds only replica of the Blackfriars Theatre. ... William Shakespeare (National Portrait Gallery), in the famous Chandos portrait, artist and authenticity unconfirmed. ... Blackfriars Theatre was the name of two separate theatres in the City of London, built on grounds previously belonging to a Dominican monastery. ... The Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library is located at the birthplace of Woodrow Wilson, at 18–24 North Coalter Street in Staunton, Virginia. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...


Staunton is also the official home of country music legends the Statler Brothers who, until 1994, provided free concerts at the annual Fourth of July celebration with guest hosts that included many of the greats of country music. The city is where Statlers Don Reid, Harold Reid, and Phil Balsley grew up and still make their home. This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... The cover of the Statlers 1991 album All American Country The Statler Brothers are an American country music vocal group founded in 1955 in Virginia. ...


Staunton is home to the Staunton Braves of the Valley Baseball League. The city also boasts a number of antique shops, boutiques, and restaurants. The Staunton Braves are a team in the southern division of the Valley Baseball League. ... The Valley Baseball League is an NCAA sanctioned baseball league in the Shenandoah Valley region of Virginia. ...


Hotels

Staunton was once home to about 10 historic hotels. One of them that is still in operation is the Stonewall Jackson Hotel. It was completely renovated in the early 2000s, and is now in operation as a hotel and a conference center. Some of the hotels that are no longer in operation are the Virginia Hotel, the Eakleton Hotel, the Valley Hotel, and the American Hotel. All of these buildings are still standing except for the Virginia Hotel, which was demolished in 1930 to make way for a planned addition to the Stonewall Jackson Hotel which was never built. The New Street Parking Garage now stands on the site. The Stonewall Jackson Hotel in Staunton, Virginia is an historic 1924 hotel that completed a major restoration in 2005. ... The former Valley Hotel Building. ...


Architecture

Staunton is the home of over 200 buildings designed by T.J. Collins, an architect who worked in various styles during the Victorian era.[2]


Rail transportation

See also: Staunton (Amtrak station)
Staunton Amtrak station.
A Western Maryland caboose is used for storage outside the Depot Grill.

Amtrak, the national passenger rail service, provides service to Staunton under the Cardinal route. The route serves Staunton's downtown train station. It also serves as the closest station for Harrisonburg, Virginia. Other information Code STA Traffic Passengers (2006) 6,413 19% The Staunton (Amtrak station) is located at 1 Middlebrook in Staunton, Virginia. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 1600 pixel, file size: 224 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo by William J. Grimes This image is watermarked to give credit to the photographer, just as an artist signs their work! File historyClick on... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 1600 pixel, file size: 224 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo by William J. Grimes This image is watermarked to give credit to the photographer, just as an artist signs their work! File historyClick on... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 303 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo by William J. Grimes This image is watermarked to give credit to the photographer, just as an artist signs their work! File historyClick on... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 303 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo by William J. Grimes This image is watermarked to give credit to the photographer, just as an artist signs their work! File historyClick on... Acela Express in West Windsor, NJ Amtrak Cascades service with tilting Talgo trainsets in Seattle, Washington Amtrak train in downtown Orlando, Florida For other uses, see Amtrak (disambiguation). ... The Cardinal is a passenger train route operated by Amtrak in the Midwestern and Northeastern United States. ... Nickname: Location in Virginia Coordinates: , County Independent City Founded 1737 Government  - Mayor Rodney Eagle[1] Area  - City 45. ...


Film

The city maintains strict building codes in the historic downtown area so that the area can be used for period films. This effort included an enormous project in the 1990s known locally as The Big Dig in which all of the modern utilities were put underground, out of sight. The historic downtown area of Staunton and Sherwood Avenue were used in the American Civil War film Gods and Generals. The local Shenandoah Valley Railroad as well as a number of nearby houses were used in filming of Hearts in Atlantis (film). In the summer of 2006, some scenes for the movie Evan Almighty were also filmed in Staunton. A building code, or building control, is a set of rules that specify the minimum acceptable level of safety for constructed objects such as buildings and nonbuilding structures. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Central business district. ... In the performing arts, a period piece is a work set in a particular era. ... A public utility is a company that maintains the infrastructure for a public service. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... For other uses, see Gods and Generals (disambiguation). ... Shenandoah Valley Railroad is a historic name used by 2 railroads in Virginia in the US. Shenandoah Valley Railroad (N&W) was a line completed in the 1880s extending down the Shenandoah Valley from Hagerstown, Maryland through the West Virginia panhandle into Virginia to reach Roanoke, Virginia and the Norfolk... Hearts in Atlantis is a 2001 film directed by Scott Hicks. ... Evan Almighty is a 2007 comedy film, and sequel to the 2003 film Bruce Almighty. ...


Medicine

Staunton is home to two medical facilities:

  • Commonwealth Center for Children and Adolescents (formerly the DeJarnette Center) psychiatric facility
  • Western State Hospital (Virginia) psychiatric facility

The Commonwealth Center for Children and Adolescents, formerly known as DeJarnette Center, is a childrens mental hospital in Staunton, Virginia. ... The Commonwealth Center for Children and Adolescents, formerly known as DeJarnette Center, is a childrens mental hospital in Staunton, Virginia. ... Staunton is home to the former Western State Lunatic Asylum, a hospital for the mentally ill, which originally began operations in 1828. ...

Education

Staunton is home to numerous education facilities:

  • the Staunton campus of the Virginia School for the Deaf and Blind, the older of the two Virginia campuses
  • Mary Baldwin College: (dormitories for women, commuter for coed)
  • Stuart Hall School: prep school (boarding for girls, dayschool for coed)
  • Robert E. Lee High School: the city's public high school
  • Guardian Angel Regional Catholic School: coed Catholic school
  • Grace Christian School: coed Christian school
  • Shelburne Middle School: the city's public middle school
  • C.F. Richards Jr. Academy: coed Seventh-Day Adventist school (distance learning facility 11th/12th through Forest Lake Academy)

Education in Staunton was noteworthy in 2005, as the local board of education debated whether to continue classes in Weekday Religious Education. This agenda item was contentious due to the issue of Separation of church and state in the United States, and was discussed in the national and international media.[3] The Virginia School for the Deaf and Blind is an institution for educating deaf and blind children, first established in 1838 by an act of the Virginia General Assembly. ... Mary Baldwin College is a private independent comprehensive four-year liberal arts womens college in Staunton, Virginia. ... Forest Lake Academy is a private high school outside Orlando, Florida. ... Weekday Religious Education is a Released-Time Christian Education program[1][2] for public school students in the United States. ... The separation of church and state is a legal and political principle derived from the First Amendment to the United States Constitution, which reads, Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof . ...


Western State campus

Staunton is also home to the former Western State Lunatic Asylum, a hospital for the mentally ill, which originally began operations in 1828. The hospital was renamed Western State Hospital in 1894. As originally The facility was infamous for its practices of eugenics during the 1930s under then-director Joseph DeJarnette. Eugenics is the self-direction of human evolution: Logo from the Second International Congress of Eugenics, 1921, depicting it as a tree which unites a variety of different fields. ... This is a stub article. ...


In its early days, the facility was a resort-style asylum. It had terraced gardens where patients could plant flowers and take walks, roof walks to provide mountain views, and many architectural details to create an atmosphere that would aid in the healing process.


Western State vacated the property in the 1970s when the hospital moved to its present site near Interstate 81. The facility was then converted to the Staunton Correctional Center, a medium-security men's penitentiary. The prison closed in 2003, and the site was left vacant for several years. A prison is a place in which people are confined and deprived of a range of liberties. ...


The site is now in the process of being redeveloped into a mixed-use development, with many of the existing buildings being renovated for new uses, as well as construction of new structures. The development team consists of Frazier and Associates of Staunton, Folsom Group of Charlottesville, Miller & Associates of Richmond, and The Arcadia Land Company of Wayne, Pennsylvania. [2] Charlottesville is an independent city located within the confines of Albemarle County in the Commonwealth of Virginia, United States, and named after Princess Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, the wife of King George III of England. ... Nickname: Motto: Sic dic Itur Ad Astra (Thus do we reach the stars) Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor L. Douglas Wilder (I) Area  - City 62. ... Wayne is a community within the Main Line of Pennsylvania. ...


The development as a whole has been designated "The Villages at Staunton," and is expected to take several years to complete. The first building being renovated is The Bindery, with expected completion in late 2007. [3]


Notable residents

President Woodrow Wilson
President Woodrow Wilson

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2976x3623, 1136 KB) Description President of the United States Thomas Woodrow Wilson, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing left. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2976x3623, 1136 KB) Description President of the United States Thomas Woodrow Wilson, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing left. ... Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856–February 3, 1924), was the twenty-eighth President of the United States. ... For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... David Lewis (Dave) Fultz (May 29, 1875 - October 29, 1959) was a center fielder in Major League Baseball who played in the National League with the Philadelphia Phillies (1898-1899[start]) and Baltimore Orioles (1899[end]), and for the Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1902) and New York Highlanders (1903-1905) of... MLB and Major Leagues redirect here. ... Larry Kent Sheets (born December 6, 1959 in Staunton, Virginia), is a former professional baseball player who played in the Major Leagues primarily as an outfielder and designated hitter from 1984-1990 and 1993. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 4, 5, 8, 20, 22, 33, 42 Name Baltimore Orioles (1954–present) St. ... This is a stub article. ... Psychiatry is a branch of medicine that studies and treats mental and emotional disorders (see mental illness). ... Eugenics is the self-direction of human evolution: Logo from the Second International Congress of Eugenics, 1921, depicting it as a tree which unites a variety of different fields. ... The cover of the Statlers 1991 album All American Country The Statler Brothers are an American country music vocal group founded in 1955 in Virginia. ... William Haines as he appeared in his first part-talkie Alias Jimmy Valentine in 1928. ... MGM logo Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or MGM, is a large media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of cinema and television programs. ...

See also

The News Leader is a daily newspaper owned by Gannett Company, serving Staunton, Virginia and the surrounding areas. ...

References

  1. ^ Virginia: Individual County and Independent City Chronologies (English). Retrieved on 2006-12-26.
  2. ^ "Eye candy: Staunton cures visual blues", Hook weekly, 2006-01-05. Retrieved on 2006-12-13. 
  3. ^ Lithwick, Dahlia. Bible Belt Upside the Head. Slate, February 16, 2005. Accessed July 27, 2006.
  4. ^ [1969] (1979) in Reichler, Joseph L.: Baseball Encyclopedia Complete and Official Record, 4th edition, New York: Macmillan Publishing. ISBN 0-02-578970-8. 

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Slate is an online news and culture magazine created in 1996 by former New Republic editor Michael Kinsley and owned by Microsoft (as part of MSN). ... is the 47th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 208th day of the year (209th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Woodrow Wilson - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5463 words)
Thomas Woodrow Wilson was born in Staunton, Virginia in 1856 as the third of four children to Reverend Dr. Joseph Ruggles Wilson (February 28, 1822 Steubenville, Ohio–January 21, 1903 Princeton, New Jersey) and Janet Mary Woodrow (1830, London, England–April 15, 1888 Clarksville, Tennessee).
One of Wilson’s University of Virginia classmates, Edward Ireland Renick, invited Wilson to join his new law practice as partner.
Wilson (born in Virginia and raised in Georgia) was the first president from any state that had joined the Confederate States of America to be elected since 1848 (Zachary Taylor, born in Virginia), and the first from there to take office since 1865 (Andrew Johnson born in North Carolina).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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