FACTOID # 22: South Dakota has the highest employment ratio in America, but the lowest median earnings of full-time male employees.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Statutory college
Jump to: navigation, search

In American higher education, particular to the state of New York, a statutory college or contract college is a college or school that is a component of an independent, private university that has been designated by the state legislature to receive significant public funding from the state. The statutory college is operated by the university on behalf of the state, with the mission of serving specific educational needs of the state. Administratively, New York's contract colleges are degree-granting units of the State University of New York (SUNY) system, however the degrees granted are those of the statutory college's private host institution. There are four statutory colleges at Cornell University and one at Alfred University. Higher education is education provided by universities and other institutions that award academic degrees, such as university colleges, and liberal arts colleges. ... Jump to: navigation, search State nickname: The Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York City Governor George Pataki (R) Senators Charles Schumer (D) Hillary Rodham Clinton (D) Official languages None (English is de facto) Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18... Jump to: navigation, search A professor giving a lecture at the Helsinki University of Technology A university is an institution of higher education and of research, which grants academic degrees. ... Jump to: navigation, search State legislatures are the lawmaking bodies of the 50 states in the United States of America. ... Jump to: navigation, search A U.S. state is any one of the fifty states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, together with the District of Columbia and Palmyra Atoll (an uninhabited incorporated unorganized territory), form the United States of America. ... The State University of New York (acronym SUNY; usually pronounced SOO-nee) is a system of public institutions of higher education in New York, United States. ... Jump to: navigation, search For other uses of the name Cornell, see Cornell (disambiguation). ... Alfred University Fiat Lux Seal image © Alfred University Alfred University (Alfred) is a small, comprehensive university in the Village of Alfred in western New York State, USA, an hour south of Rochester and two hours southeast of Buffalo. ...


The terms "statutory college" and "contract college" derive from the fact that each of these dually-affiliated colleges or schools are operated independently from the state pursuant to statute or under contract with the state. The fully privately-supported colleges and schools at institutions operating statutory colleges are generally referred to as endowed colleges. A statute is a formal, written law of a country or state, written and enacted by its legislative authority, perhaps to then be ratified by the highest executive in the government, and finally published. ... Jump to: navigation, search A contract is any legally-enforceable promise or set of promises made between parties. ...


Since 2001, the administration at Cornell has come to prefer the term "contract college" over "statutory college" to emphasize that these units are an integral part of a private institution (and should legally be treated as such). There is, indeed, basis for both terms in the law, as New York's legistative language refers to the state-supported colleges as "statutory or contract" colleges. Jump to: navigation, search 2001: A Space Odyssey. ...

Contents


Statutory colleges at Cornell University

Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, which is also the state's land-grant university, has four statutory colleges: Jump to: navigation, search For other uses of the name Cornell, see Cornell (disambiguation). ... Jump to: navigation, search It has been suggested that Ithaca Commons be merged into this article or section. ... Land-grant universities (also called land-grant colleges or land grant institutions) are institutions of higher education in the United States which have been designated by Congress to receive the benefits of the Morrill Acts of 1862 and 1890. ...

Two of Cornell's statutory colleges — the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences and the College of Human Ecology — existed as non-state-supported colleges (as the College of Agriculture and the School of Home Economics, respectively) before state legislation was enacted to make each a state-supported entity. The New York State College of Human Ecology and the New York State College of Veterinary Medicine, both at Cornell, trace their origins to Cornell's agriculture college. However, the College of Veterinary Medicine was actually the first statutory college in New York. College of Agriculture and Life Sciences logo It has been suggested that Plant Biology at Cornell be merged into this article or section. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1888 is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1904 is a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The College of Human Ecology (HumEc) is a statutory college at Cornell University. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1919 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1925 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... The New York State School of Industrial and Labor Relations (ILR) at Cornell University was established in 1944 (first students admitted 1945) as the worlds first school for college-level study in industrial and labor relations. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... The New York State College of Veterinary Medicine at Cornell University was founded in 1894, and is only one of two institutes of veterinary medicine in the Ivy League in the United States. ... 1894 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... College of Agriculture and Life Sciences logo It has been suggested that Plant Biology at Cornell be merged into this article or section. ... The College of Human Ecology (HumEc) is a statutory college at Cornell University. ... The College of Human Ecology (HumEc) is a statutory college at Cornell University. ... The New York State College of Veterinary Medicine at Cornell University was founded in 1894, and is only one of two institutes of veterinary medicine in the Ivy League in the United States. ...


Statutory college at Alfred University

Alfred University in the Town of Alfred, New York has one statutory college: Alfred University Fiat Lux Seal image © Alfred University Alfred University (Alfred) is a small, comprehensive university in the Village of Alfred in western New York State, USA, an hour south of Rochester and two hours southeast of Buffalo. ... Alfred is a town located in Allegany County, New York. ...

The New York State College of Ceramics(NYSCC) consists of the School of Art and Design, with its own dean, and four state supported materials programs cross-organized within Alfred University's School of Engineering. The College of Ceramics is functioning technically as a "holding entity" (currently without a unit head or administration) for the fiscal support of the state programs and the NYSCC mission. The School of Art and Design, a subunit of the College of Ceramics, is further subdivided into divisions. Alfred's School of Engineering is technically a "hybrid school" with the four state supported programs and two additional privately endowed programs. The majority of funding for Alfred University's School of Engineering is in effect supplied by the State of New York. The New York State College of Ceramics (NYSCC) at Alfred University in Alfred is a statutory college of the State University of New York (SUNY). ... In an educational setting, a dean is a person with significant authority . ...


Roles of the state and the private university

The statutory colleges are not state-run; they are operated by either Cornell or Alfred. However, the five existing statutory colleges have been affiliated with SUNY since its inception in 1948 (but had no affiliation with any umbrella organization before 1948). Statutory college employees legally are employees of Cornell and Alfred Universities, not employees of SUNY; this has been subsequently been affirmed by the courts. Jump to: navigation, search 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... An umbrella organization is an association of (often related, industry specific) institutions, who work together formally to coordinate activities or pool resources. ...


However, the state Education Law does give the SUNY Board of Trustees the following authority: the SUNY Board of Trustees must formally approve Cornell's and Alfred's appointment of the deans of the statutory colleges, and it controls the level of state funding for the statutory colleges. (In addition to money allocated by SUNY, the colleges are funded by tuition and fees; grants and contracts from state agencies; special state legislative funding; federal funding; and private donations.)


Additionally, the Education Law does mandate a consultatory role for SUNY in a few areas: the statutory college consult with (but require no formal approval from) SUNY when it sets tuition rates. SUNY also exercises "general supervision" over the statutory colleges. However, Cornell and Alfred have interpreted the law to mean that SUNY does not have the right to create novel policies for the statutory colleges that are not explicitly stated in the Education Law. If there is a conflict between Cornell or Alfred and SUNY in regards to a policy or action that SUNY is requiring from Cornell or Alfred, it must be resolved by negotiation between the two parties, although there is the legal right of court appeal by either party if agreement cannot be reached. However, this legal option has never been used.


Since statutory colleges at Cornell and Alfred receive significant state funding, tuition rates for statutory colleges and for endowed colleges are determined separately; this often translates into lower tuition rates for students at the statutory colleges. In-state residents receive additional benefits; they pay a seperate reduced rate from their out-of-state counterparts' rates.


There is debate and confusion about whether the statutory colleges are "public" or "private, nonprofit" entities. Legally, they are private and nonprofit; Cornell and Alfred Universities are private, nonprofit institutions, a status which extends to all of these universities' components. Also, the employees of the statutory colleges are legally (as affirmed by court rulings), private, nonprofit employees. An analogy would be a private, nonprofit health agency which, under contract with a government, regularly receives government money to operate a research institute; the whole private, nonprofit agency (including the research institute) still remains a private, nonprofit entity. New York State's Education Law also states that the statutory colleges are not "state agencies." The fact that each of the statutory colleges contains "New York State" in their official names has not legally and technically altered this private nature of the statutory colleges.


There are two state-supported university systems in New York State: SUNY, which has degree-granting units scattered throughout the state, and the City University of New York (CUNY), which only has degree-granting units in New York City. New York State's statutory colleges are partners of SUNY and have no affiliation with CUNY. The City University of New York (CUNY; acronym usually pronounced kyoo-nee or coo-nee), located in New York City, is the largest urban university in the United States, with more than 198,000 enrolled in degree programs, about 20,000 enrolled in non-degree programs and more than 200... New York City, officially named the City of New York, is the most populous city in the United States, the most densely populated major city in North America, and is at the center of international finance, politics, entertainment, and culture. ...


Other affiliations between the state and private universities

In 1911, the state created the New York State College of Forestry at Syracuse University, in Syracuse, New York, now known as the State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry (SUNY-ESF) [1]. However, unlike the statutory colleges, this college was established as an autonomous instution that was administratively not part of Syracuse University, its private host instutution. The two institutions have adjacent campuses, a close working relationship and SUNY-ESF students even rely on Syracuse University for dormitory housing. Jump to: navigation, search 1911 was a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... Clinton Square in Downtown Syracuse Syracuse is an American city in Central New York. ... The State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry (SUNY-ESF) is located in Syracuse, New York, USA. It is a doctoral-granting institution of the State University of New York, though it also grants undergraduate and masters-level degrees. ... Jump to: navigation, search Syracuse University Syracuse University (SU) is a private American research university. ...


Additionally, the New York State Psychiatric Institute is a research facility of the New York State Office of Mental Health located at the Columbia University Medical Center in New York City. It is not a statutory unit — it does not grant degrees, so it could not be called a college — despite being affilated with Columbia's Medical Center and its Psychiatry Department, because it remains an institute of the state. Jump to: navigation, search The New York State Psychiatric Institute, established in 1895, was one of the first institutions in the United States to integrate teaching, research and therapeutic approaches to the care of patients with mental illnesses. ... Columbia University Medical Center is name of the medical complex associated with Columbia University located in Washington Heights area of Manhattan. ... New York City, officially named the City of New York, is the most populous city in the United States, the most densely populated major city in North America, and is at the center of international finance, politics, entertainment, and culture. ...


External links

New York State Education Law governing the statutory colleges:

Court of general jurisdiction case law dealing with statutory college matters:

  • A 1999 case against Cornell's College of Veterinatry Medicine about whether confidential records can be obtained through New York State's Freedom of Information Law (FOIL) (hosted by the Cornell Law School)

Cornell Law School, located in Ithaca, New York, is a graduate school of Cornell University. ...

Administrative case law dealing with statutory college matters:


  Results from FactBites:
 
AHC College Advocacy (2028 words)
The key is always to bring the communication within the college's authority to lobby the legislature and to avoid any appearance that the college is attempting to exhort or persuade the electorate (other than with fair presentation of facts [12] to adopt the college's position.
It appears that the limit on a college is not in expressing its position to the public, [29] but rather on the use of public funds to express that opinion.
Individual employees of the college or members of the college board of trustees, if acting in their official capacities, are not required to register as lobbyists or otherwise file periodic reports with the FPPC.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m