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Encyclopedia > States and territories of India

India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. The states and territories are themselves further subdivided.[1] The Federal Republic of Germany and its sixteen Bundesländer (federal states) A federal republic is a federation of states with a republican form of government. ... Most countries with a federal constitution are made up of a number of subnational entities called states or provinces. ... A Union Territory is an administrative division of India. ... The subdivisions of India are Indian subnational administrative units; they compose a nested hierarchy of country subdivisions. ...

Contents

Pre-1956

The subcontinent of India has been ruled by many different ethnic groups throughout its history, each imposing their own administrative divisions on the region. Modern India's current administrative divisions are fairly recent developments, which began to develop during British colonial rule of India. British India included all of present-day India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, as well as the associated protectorates of Afghanistan and Burma (Myanmar). During this period, regions of India were either directly ruled by the British or under the control of local rajas. Independence in 1947 largely preserved these divisions, with the exception of areas like the Punjab and Bengal, which were divided between India and Pakistan. One of the first challenges for the new nation was the integration of the multitude of princely states into the union. Anthem God Save The Queen/King British India, circa 1860 Capital Calcutta (1858-1912), New Delhi (1912-1947) Language(s) Hindi, Urdu, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1877-1901 Victoria  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - January-December 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George... Anthem: Kaba Ma Kyei Capital Naypyidaw , Largest city Yangon (Rangoon) Official languages Burmese Recognised regional languages Jingpho, Shan, Karen, Mon, Rakhine Demonym Burmese Government Military junta  -  Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Senior General Than Shwe  -  Vice Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Vice-Senior General... For other uses, see Raja (disambiguation). ... This article is about the geographical region. ... For other uses, see Bengal (disambiguation). ... A princely state is any state under the reign of a prince and is thus a principality taken in the broad sense. ...


Following independence, however, instability soon arose in India. Many of the states had been arbitrarily created by the British to serve their colonial purposes and as such, did not reflect either the will of India's citizens or the vast ethnic diversity found throughout the subcontinent. Ethnic tensions spurred the Indian Parliament to reorganize the country along ethnic and linguistic lines in 1956. The Parliament of India is bicameral. ...


After 1956

The former French and Portuguese colonies in India were incorporated into the Indian Republic as the union territories of Pondicherry, Dadra, Nagar Haveli, Goa, Daman, and Diu in 1962. A union territory is an administrative division of India. ... Map of Pondicherry Region, Union Territory of Pondicherry, India Pondicherry (Tamil:புதுவை,Hindi: पॉण्डिचेरी) is a Union Territory of India. ... Dadra and Nagar Haveli is a Union Territory in western India. ... Dadra and Nagar Haveli is a Union Territory in western India. ... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ... Daman District is an enclave on the western coast of India, surrounded by Valsad District of Gujarat on the north, east and south and the Arabian Sea to the west. ... Diu is a city in Diu district in the state of Daman & Diu, India. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Several new states and union territories have been created out of existing states since 1956. Bombay State was split into the linguistic states of Gujarat and Maharashtra on 1 May 1960 by the Bombay Reorganization Act. The Punjab Reorganization Act of 1966 divided the Punjab along linguistic and religious lines, creating a new Hindu and Hindi-speaking state of Haryana, transferring the northern districts of Punjab to Himachal Pradesh, and designating Chandigarh, the shared capital of Punjab and Haryana, a union territory. Nagaland was made a state in 1962, Meghalaya and Himachal Pradesh in 1971, and Tripura and Manipur in 1972. Arunachal Pradesh was made a union territory in 1972. The Kingdom of Sikkim joined the Indian Union as a state in 1975. Mizoram was made a state in 1986, and Goa and Arunachal Pradesh in 1987, while Goa's northern exclaves of Daman and Diu became a separate union territory. In 2000 three new states were created; Jharkhand was created out of the southern districts of Bihar, Chhattisgarh was created out of eastern Madhya Pradesh, and Uttaranchal, since renamed Uttarakhand, was created out of the Hilly regions of northwest Uttar Pradesh. The Union Territories of Delhi and Pondicherry ( renamed to Puducherry )have since been given the right to elect their own legislatures, and have acquired full statehood. This article is for the Indian state. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the town in Hoshiarpur district, see Hariana. ... , Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश, IPA:  ) is a state in the north-west of India. ... , Chandigarh,  (Punjabi: , Hindi: ) also called City Beautiful, is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states, Punjab and Haryana, and is a union territory of India. ... Tripura   (Bengali: ত্রিপুরা, Hindi: त्रिपुरा) is a state in North East India. ... , Manipur   (Meiteilon: মনিপুর in Eastern Nagari script, mnipur in Meitei Mayek) is a state in northeastern India making its capital in the city of Imphal. ... , Sikkim (Nepali:  , also Sikhim) is a landlocked Indian state nestled in the Himalayas. ... D is Bs exclave, but is not an enclave. ... , Jharkhand   (Hindi: झाड़खण्ड, Bengali: ঝাড়খণ্ড,IPA: ) is a state in eastern India. ... , Chhattisgarh (Chhattisgarhi/Hindi: छत्तीसगढ़, IPA: )  , a state in central India, formed when the sixteen Chhattisgarhi-speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh gained statehood on November 1, 2000. ... Uttaranchal   (Hindi: उत्तरांचल) became the 27th state of the Republic of India on November 9, 2000. ... , Uttarakhand (Hindi: उत्तराखण्ड or उत्तराखंड), is a state located in the northern part of India. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Map of Pondicherry Region, Union Territory of Pondicherry, India Pondicherry (Tamil:புதுவை,Hindi: पॉण्डिचेरी) is a Union Territory of India. ... This article is about the Union Territory. ...


States and Territories

Administrative divisions of India, including 28 states and 7 union territories.
Administrative divisions of India, including 28 states and 7 union territories.

States: Image File history File links India-states-numbered. ... Image File history File links India-states-numbered. ...

  1. Andhra Pradesh
  2. Arunachal Pradesh
  3. Assam
  4. Bihar
  5. Chhattisgarh
  6. Goa
  7. Gujarat
  8. Haryana
  9. Himachal Pradesh
  10. Jammu and Kashmir
  11. Jharkhand
  12. Karnataka
  13. Kerala
  14. Madhya Pradesh
  1. Maharashtra
  2. Manipur
  3. Meghalaya
  4. Mizoram
  5. Nagaland
  6. Orissa
  7. Punjab
  8. Rajasthan
  9. Sikkim
  10. Tamil Nadu
  11. Tripura
  12. Uttar Pradesh
  13. Uttarakhand
  14. West Bengal

Union Territories: Image File history File links This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... Andhra redirects here. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... , Arunachal Pradesh   (Hindi:   ) is the easternmost state of India. ... , Assam  ) (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm [É”xÉ”m]) is a northeastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a suburb of the city Guwahati. ... For other uses, see Bihar (disambiguation). ... , Chhattisgarh (Chhattisgarhi/Hindi: छत्तीसगढ़, IPA: )  , a state in central India, formed when the sixteen Chhattisgarhi-speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh gained statehood on November 1, 2000. ... Image File history File links Seal/Logo of the government of Goa, India File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ... This article is for the Indian state. ... For the town in Hoshiarpur district, see Hariana. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... , Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश, IPA:  ) is a state in the north-west of India. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article is about the area administered by India. ... Image File history File links Seal of the government of Jharkhand. ... , Jharkhand   (Hindi: झाड़खण्ड, Bengali: ঝাড়খণ্ড,IPA: ) is a state in eastern India. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article is about the Indian region. ... -1... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... , Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP)   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... Image File history File links Seal of the government of Maharashtra File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... , Manipur   (Meiteilon: মনিপুর in Eastern Nagari script, mnipur in Meitei Mayek) is a state in northeastern India making its capital in the city of Imphal. ... , Meghalaya   is a small state in north-eastern India. ... , Mizoram   is one of the Seven Sister States in northeastern India on the border with Myanmar. ... , Nagaland   is a hill state located in the far north-eastern part of India. ... , Orissa   (Oriya: ଓଡ଼ିଶା), is a state situated on the east coast of India. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... , This article is about the Indian state of Punjab. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... Image File history File links Seal of the government of Sikkim, India File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... , Sikkim (Nepali:  , also Sikhim) is a landlocked Indian state nestled in the Himalayas. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 572 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (595 × 624 pixel, file size: 57 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Emblem of Government of Tamil Nadu I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Tripura   (Bengali: ত্রিপুরা, Hindi: त्रिपुरा) is a state in North East India. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , IPA:  , translation: Northern Province), [often referred to as U.P.], located in central-south Asia and northern India, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... , Uttarakhand (Hindi: उत्तराखण्ड or उत्तराखंड), is a state located in the northern part of India. ... , West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Poshchim Bônggo IPA: ) is a state in eastern India. ...

  1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  2. Chandigarh
  3. Dadra and Nagar Haveli
  4. Daman and Diu
  5. Lakshadweep
  6. National Capital Territory of Delhi
  7. Puducherry

NOTE: The territorial rights of Jammu and Kashmir are disputed among India, Pakistan, and China. The territories are adminstered by India (Jammu and Kashmir) and Pakistan (Northern Areas and Azad Kashmir). Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Andaman Islands. ... , Chandigarh,  (Punjabi: , Hindi: ) also called City Beautiful, is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states, Punjab and Haryana, and is a union territory of India. ... Dadra and Nagar Haveli (Gujarati: દાદરા અને નગર હવેલી, Hindi: दादरा और नगर हवेली, Urdu: دادرہ اور نگر حویلی, Portuguese: Dadrá e Nagar-Aveli) is a Union Territory in western India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... Daman and Diu (Portuguese: Gujarati is the main language; use of Portuguese is declining because it is not official or taught at school (but still spoken by 10% in Daman). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... This article is about the Union Territory. ... This article is about the area administered by India. ... This article is about the area administered by India. ... Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ... This article is about the area administered by Pakistan. ...


See also

Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... Indian States See also: States and territories of India Categories: States and territories of India ... Indian States Notes Note 1: — Excludes Mao-Maram, Paomata and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati district of Manipur See also: States and territories of India References Census of India, final 2001 results Category: ... Map showing the population density of each district in India This is a list of the States of India in order of population density. ... This is a list of States and Union Territories of India by gross state domestic product estimated for the year 2004 by Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation with figures in millions of Indian Rupees. ... The subdivisions of India are Indian subnational administrative units; they compose a nested hierarchy of country subdivisions. ... There are three autonomous regions in India to which central government has given varying degrees of autonomy within state legislature: Main article: Darjeeling Gorkha Autonomous Hill Council The Darjeeling Gorkha Autonomous Hill Council (DGHC) was formed in 1988 after large-scale unrest among the Gorkhali people and the Gorkha National...

References

  1. ^ States and union territories (HTML). Retrieved on 2007-09-07.

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Official Government of India website: States and Union Territories
  • Maharashtra the Cultural Heritage of India
  • Clickable map of India and History of States
  • Article on sub-national governance in India
  • Interactive Map of India
This is a list of countries spanning more than one continent. ... The table below indicates the types and, where known, numbers of administrative country subdivisions currently (as of 2006) used by countries and their major dependent territories. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
States in India, Information about States in India, Profiles About India States (179 words)
India is a country with a rich and varied cultural heritage and is presumably one of the oldest civilizations in the world.
India is a union of twenty-eight states and seven federally-governed union territories.
A Union Territory is an administrative division of India.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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