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Encyclopedia > State of the Union Address

The State of the Union is an annual message which the President of the United States gives to Congress, usually an address to a joint session of Congress (the House of Representatives and the Senate). It has occurred in January (except for six occasions in February) since 1934. Sometimes, especially in recent years, newly-inaugurated Presidents have delivered speeches to joint sessions of Congress only weeks into their respective terms, but these are not officially considered State of the Union addresses. The address is also most frequently used to outline the President's legislative proposals for the upcoming year. For these reasons, a State of the Union address is generally not given in years in which a new president is inaugurated. State of the Union may refer to the following: State of the Union Address, the annual message of the President of the United States State of the Union - a 1946 play by Russel Crouse and Howard Lindsay State of the Union - a 1948 movie by Frank Capra State of the... President George W. Bush delivers his State of the Union address to the nation and a joint session of Congress in the House Chamber at the U.S. Capitol Tuesday, Jan. ... President George W. Bush delivers his State of the Union address to the nation and a joint session of Congress in the House Chamber at the U.S. Capitol Tuesday, Jan. ... (Redirected from 2003 State of the Union Address) Alternative meanings in United States reports on the status of the country, normally to a joint session of the U.S. Congress (the House of Representatives and the Senate). ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... Joint Sessions of the United States Congress are the gathering together of both House and Senate which occur on special occasions such as the State of the Union Address and Presidential Inauguration. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... Type Bicameral Speaker of the House of Representatives House Majority Leader Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Steny Hoyer, (D) since January 4, 2007 House Minority Leader John Boehner, (R) since January 4, 2007 Members 435 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States...


Modeled after the monarch's Speech from the Throne during the State Opening of Parliament in the United Kingdom, such a report is required by the United States Constitution. Note that there is no requirement that the speech must take place annually, although it typically does: Queen Elizabeth II reads Canadas Speech from the Throne in 1977 The Speech from the Throne (or Throne Speech) is an event in certain monarchies in which the monarch (or a representative) reads a prepared speech to a complete session of parliament, outlining the governments agenda for the... In the United Kingdom, the State Opening of Parliament is an annual event held usually in October or November that marks the commencement of a session of Parliament. ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: The United States Constitution The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States of America. ...

He shall from time to time give to Congress information of the State of the Union and recommend to their Consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient." (Article II, Section 3)

Contents

Wikisource has original text related to this article: Article Two of the United States Constitution Article Two of the United States Constitution creates the executive branch of the government, comprising the President and other executive officers. ...

History

George Washington gave the first State of the Union address on January 8, 1790 in New York City, then the provisional U.S. capital. In 1801, Thomas Jefferson discontinued the practice of delivering the address in person, regarding it as too monarchical (similar to the Speech from the Throne). Instead, the address was written and then sent to Congress to be read by a clerk until 1913 when Woodrow Wilson re-established the practice despite some initial controversy. However, there have been exceptions to this rule. Presidents during the latter half of the 20th century have sent written State of the Union addresses. The last President to do this was Jimmy Carter in 1981.[1] George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and in 1789 was elected the first President of the United States of America. ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1790 (MDCCXC) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Thomas Jefferson (13 April 1743 N.S.–4 July 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–09), the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and one of the most influential Founding Fathers for his promotion of the ideals of Republicanism in the United States. ... Queen Elizabeth II reads Canadas Speech from the Throne in 1977 The Speech from the Throne (or Throne Speech) is an event in certain monarchies in which the monarch (or a representative) reads a prepared speech to a complete session of parliament, outlining the governments agenda for the... Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856—February 3, 1924), was the twenty-eighth President of the United States. ... For other persons named Jimmy Carter, see Jimmy Carter (disambiguation). ...


For many years, the speech was referred to as "the President's Annual Message to Congress." The actual term "State of the Union" did not become widely used until after 1935 when Franklin D. Roosevelt began using the phrase. FDR redirects here. ...


Prior to 1934, the annual message was delivered at the end of the calendar year, in December. The ratification of Amendment XX on January 23, 1933 changed the opening of Congress from early March to early January, affecting the delivery of the annual message. Since 1934, the message or address has been delivered to Congress in January or February. Today, the speech is typically delivered on the last Tuesday in January, although there is no such provision written in law, and it varies from year to year, and it occurred on the last Monday of January in 2008. Page 1 of Amendment XX in the National Archives Page 2 of the amendment Amendment XX (the Twentieth Amendment) of the United States Constitution, also called The Lame Duck Amendment, or the Norris Amendment, establishes some details of presidential succession and of the beginning and ending of the terms of... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Twentieth Amendment also established January 20 as the beginning of the presidential term. In years when a new president is inaugurated, the outgoing president may deliver a final State of the Union message, but none has done so since Jimmy Carter sent a written message in 1981. In 1953 and 1961, Congress received both a written State of the Union message from the outgoing president and a separate State of the Union speech by the incoming president. Since 1989, in recognition that the responsibility of reporting the State of the Union formally belongs to the president who held office during the past year, newly inaugurated Presidents have not officially called their first speech before Congress a "State of the Union" message. is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other persons named Jimmy Carter, see Jimmy Carter (disambiguation). ...


Calvin Coolidge's 1923 speech was the first to be broadcast on radio. Harry S. Truman's 1947 address was the first to be broadcast on television. Lyndon Johnson's address in 1965 was the first delivered in the evening. Ronald Reagan was the only president to have postponed his State of the Union address. On January 28, 1986, he planned to give his address, but after learning of the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster, he postponed it for a week and addressed the nation on the day's events.[2] Not a single justice of the Supreme Court was in attendance for this postponed address, the first ever such absence. Bill Clinton gave his 1999 address while his impeachment trial was underway, and his 1997 address was the first broadcast available live on the World Wide Web.[3] The Supreme Court was entirely absent again for President Clinton's State of the Union address in January 2000, believed to be a boycott against the President following his impeachment.[4] John Calvin Coolidge, Jr. ... For other persons named Harry Truman, see Harry Truman (disambiguation). ... Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908–January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was an American politician. ... Reagan redirects here. ... is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... For further information about Challengers mission and crew, see STS-51-L. The iconic image of Space Shuttle Challengers smoke plume after its breakup 73 seconds after launch. ... The supreme court functions as a court of last resort whose rulings cannot be challenged, in some countries, provinces and states. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... The Monica Lewinsky scandal was a political-sex scandal emerging from a sexual relationship between United States President Bill Clinton and a then 22-year-old White House intern, Monica Lewinsky. ... WWWs historical logo designed by Robert Cailliau The World Wide Web (commonly shortened to the Web) is a system of interlinked, hypertext documents accessed via the Internet. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...


Delivery of the speech

Wikisource has original text related to this article:
List of State of the Union Addresses

Ordinarily, the President is not permitted to enter the House Chamber without the explicit permission of Congress. For each State of the Union Address in which the President is going to read his remarks, a formal "invitation" is made. The President's presence upon entering the House Chamber is ceremoniously announced by the Sergeant at Arms of the United States House of Representatives, who calls out, "Mister/Madame Speaker, the President of the United States!" The President enters the chamber to a rousing standing ovation. This cheering shows support for the Office of the Presidency and not the individual President's politics. The patriotic applause is given regardless of political party. The president spends several minutes greeting attendees while walking toward the podium at the front and center of the House chamber. Once there, the President hands copies of the address to the Vice President of the United States (as President of the Senate) and the Speaker of the House of Representatives, both of whom sit behind and above the President for the duration of the speech. If either is unavailable, the next highest-ranking member of the respective house substitutes. Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... The United States House of Representatives Sergeant at Arms is an officer of the House with law enforcement, protocol, and administrative responsibilities. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... The Vice President of the United States[1] (sometimes referred to as VPOTUS[2] or Veep) is the first in the presidential line of succession, becoming the new President of the United States upon the death, resignation, or removal of the president. ... The President of the Senate is the title often given to the presiding officer, or chairman, of a senate. ... The Speaker of the United States House of Representatives is the presiding officer—or speaker—of the United States House of Representatives. ...

President George W. Bush with Vice President Dick Cheney and House Speaker Nancy Pelosi during the 2007 State of the Union address. Note the tinted transparent teleprompters.
President George W. Bush with Vice President Dick Cheney and House Speaker Nancy Pelosi during the 2007 State of the Union address. Note the tinted transparent teleprompters.

Sitting near the front of the chamber are the members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Justices of the Supreme Court, and the members of the President's Cabinet. Customarily, one cabinet member (the designated survivor) does not attend, in order to provide continuity in the line of succession in the event that a catastrophe disables the President, the Vice President, and other succeeding officers gathered in the House chamber. Additionally, since the September 11, 2001 attacks, a few members of Congress have been asked to relocate to undisclosed locations for the duration of the speech. For example, Senator Robert Byrd (D-WV), President pro tempore, watches the Address at his home on television. Image File history File linksMetadata SOU2007. ... Image File history File linksMetadata SOU2007. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Richard Bruce Dick Cheney (born January 30, 1941), is the 46th and current Vice President of the United States, serving under President George W. Bush. ... Nancy Patricia DAlesandro Pelosi (born March 26, 1940) is currently the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives. ... Joint Chiefs of Staff of the United States of America symbol The Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) is a group comprising the Chiefs of service of each major branch of the armed services in the United States armed forces. ... The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS[1]) is the highest judicial body in the United States and leads the federal judiciary. ... The Cabinet meets in the Cabinet Room on May 16, 2001. ... A designated survivor is a member of the United States Cabinet who stays at a physically distant, secure, undisclosed location when the countrys top leaders, including the president are gathered at a single location such as during State of the Union Addresses and presidential inaugurations, in order to maintain... The presidential line of succession defines who may become or act as President of the United States upon the incapacity, death, resignation, or removal from office (by impeachment and subsequent conviction) of a sitting president or a president-elect. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... Robert Carlyle Byrd (born November 20, 1917) is the senior United States Senator from West Virginia and a member of the Democratic Party. ... Robert C. Byrd of West Virginia the current President pro tempore of the United States Senate. ...

President Bill Clinton with Vice President Al Gore and Speaker Newt Gingrich during the 1997 State of the Union address. Note the transparent teleprompters.
President Bill Clinton with Vice President Al Gore and Speaker Newt Gingrich during the 1997 State of the Union address. Note the transparent teleprompters.

Once the chamber settles down from the President's arrival and the attendees take their seats, the Speaker then taps the gavel and officially presents the President to the joint session of Congress by saying something similar to the following: "Members of Congress, I have the high privilege and distinct honor of presenting to you the President of the United States." Another standing ovation commences before the President finally begins the address. Image File history File links President Clinton waves during the State of the Union address in 1997. ... Image File history File links President Clinton waves during the State of the Union address in 1997. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... This article is about the former Vice President of the United States. ... Newton Leroy Gingrich, (born June 17, 1943), served as the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1995 to 1999. ... Schematic representation: A teleprompter (also known as an autocue) is a display device that prompts the person speaking with an electronic visual text of a speech or script. ...


The President delivers the speech (with the aid of dual transparent teleprompters) from the podium at the front of the House Chamber. State of the Union speeches usually last a little over an hour. Part of the length of the speech is due to the large amounts of applause that occur from the audience throughout. The applause is somewhat political in tone, with many portions of the speech only being applauded by members of the President's own party. Applause typically indicates support, while applause with a standing ovation indicates enthusiastic support. An exception occurred in 2006 when a large number of Democrats, then the minority party, responded with a mocking standing ovation to the President's statement that "Congress did not act last year on my proposal to save Social Security."[5] Members of the Supreme Court rarely applaud or participate in standing ovations during the speech. It is believed that as the judicial branch they must remain impartial to any political positions, statements or objectives stated during the speech. The Joint Chiefs of Staff applaud statements regarding foreign policy to support the orders of the Commander-in-Chief, but they do not applaud or participate in standing ovations for statements of domestic policy, as it is believed the military should not interfere with domestic policy. However, all join in the ovations that occur before the speech begins, because by tradition it is the office being applauded and not the person holding it (and, in fact, the President is never introduced by name). Schematic representation: A teleprompter (also known as an autocue) is a display device that prompts the person speaking with an electronic visual text of a speech or script. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... The Minority Party (Minoritetspartiet) is a political party in Denmark without parliamentary representation. ... Commander-in-Chief (in NATO-lingo often C-in-C or CINC pronounced sink) is the commander of all the military forces within a particular region or of all the military forces of a state. ...


In the State of the Union the President traditionally outlines the administration's accomplishments over the previous year, as well as the agenda for the coming year, in upbeat and optimistic terms. At some point during the speech, the President usually says "The State of our Union is strong" or a very similar phrase.[6] Since the 1982 address, it has also become common for the President to acknowledge special guests sitting near the First Lady in the gallery, such as everyday Americans or visiting Heads of State. The guests are usually relevant to some part of the President's speech, and are referred to by the speechwriters as Lenny Skutniks after the first such guest.[citation needed] First Lady Laura Bush and former first ladies (from left to right) Rosalynn Carter, Sen. ... For the comedy film of the same name, see Head of State (film). ...


Opposition response

Since 1966,[7] the speech has been followed on television by a response or rebuttal by a member of the political party opposing the President's party. The response is typically broadcast from a studio with no audience. This is the norm, but not the rule. In 1970, the Democrats put together a TV program with their speech to reply to President Nixon. The same thing was done by Democrats for President Reagan's speeches in 1982 and 1983. In 1997, Oklahoma congressman J.C. Watts delivered the Republican response to that year's speech in front of high school students sponsored by the Close Up Foundation.[8] In 2004, the Democrats also delivered their response in Spanish, delivered by New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson.[9] After President George W. Bush's 2006 State of the Union address, Virginia Governor Tim Kaine delivered the Democratic Party's response in English while Los Angeles mayor Antonio Villaraigosa gave a response in Spanish.[10] Virginia Senator Jim Webb made the 2007 response[11] and Rep. Xavier Becerra of California delivered the Spanish version.[12] In 2008 Democrats tapped Kansas Governor Kathleen Sebelius to give a response in English[13]; Texas state Senator Leticia Van de Putte did the same in Spanish[14]. Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Nixon redirects here. ... For other uses, see Oklahoma (disambiguation). ... Julius Caesar J.C. Watts (born November 18, 1957) is an American conservative Republican politician and former Representative from Oklahoma in the U.S. Congress. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... This is a list of Governors of the state of New Mexico (est. ... William Blaine Bill Richardson (born November 15, 1947) is an American politician and a member of the Democratic Party. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Tim Kaine, the current Governor The Governor of Virginia serves as the chief executive of the Commonwealth of Virginia for a four-year term. ... Timothy Michael Tim Kaine (born February 26, 1958) is an American politician and the current Governor of Virginia. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Antonio Ramon Villaraigosa (born Antonio (Tony) Ramon Villar, Jr. ... For other persons named James Webb, see James Webb (disambiguation). ... Xavier Becerra Xavier Becerra (born January 26, 1958), American politician, has been a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives since 1993, representing the 31st District of California (map), which is based in Hollywood. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Kathleen Gilligan Sebelius (born May 15, 1948 in Cincinnati, Ohio) is an American Democratic politician who currently serves as the 44th Governor of Kansas. ... Leticia R. San Miguel Van de Putte[1] (born 6 December 1954)[2] is a Democratic member of the Texas Senate representing the 26th District. ...


Local versions

Certain states have a similar annual address given by the governor, called the "State of the State" address it is called in New Jersey. In Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia, this speech is called the "State of the Commonwealth" address. The mayor of Washington, D.C. gives a "State of the District" address. American Samoa has a "State of the Territory" address given by the governor. Puerto Rico has a "State Address" given by the governor. Some cities or counties also have an annual address given by the mayor or county commissioner, respectively. Some presidents of a university give a "State of the University" address at the beginning of every academic term. The State of the State Address (alternatively Condition of the State Address) is a speech customarily given once each year by the governors of most states of the United States. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article or section may be confusing or unclear for some readers, and should be edited to rectify this. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ...


Media

Image File history File links 2006_State_of_the_Union. ... Alternative meanings in State of the Union (disambiguation) The State of the Union Address is an annual event in which the President of the United States reports on the status of the country, normally to a joint session of the U.S. Congress (the House of Representatives and the Senate). ...

See also

The State of the State Address (alternatively Condition of the State Address) is a speech customarily given once each year by the governors of many states of the United States. ... Queen Elizabeth II reads Canadas Speech from the Throne in 1977 The Speech from the Throne (or Throne Speech) is an event in certain monarchies in which the monarch (or a representative) reads a prepared speech to a complete session of parliament, outlining the governments agenda for the...

Recent addresses

The 2002 State of the Union address was one given by the President George W. Bush, in which he reassured our nation, that although just a few months earlier during the September 11th terrorist attacks, our State of the Union had never been stronger. ... (Redirected from 2003 State of the Union Address) Alternative meanings in United States reports on the status of the country, normally to a joint session of the U.S. Congress (the House of Representatives and the Senate). ... The 2004 State of the Union Address was a speech delivered by U.S. President George W. Bush on January 20, 2004. ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: George W. Bushs Fifth State of the Union Address The 2005 State of the Union Address was delivered by United States President George W. Bush on February 1, 2005, in Washington DC to a joint session of the U.S. Congress... George W. Bush listening to applause whilst delivering the 2006 State of the Union address Wikinews has news related to this article: President Bush delivers 2006 State of the Union Address Wikisource has source texts related to this article: George W. Bushs Sixth State of the Union Address Democratic... George W. Bush during the speech, with Dick Cheney and Nancy Pelosi behind him. ...

References

  1. ^ Gerhard Peters. State of the Union Messages. The American Presidency Project. Retrieved on 2006-09-25. (http://americanpresidency.org/sou.php )
  2. ^ Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation & Library
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ Disbarring Clinton | Human Events | Find Articles at BNET.com
  5. ^ * * * * State of the Union 2006 * * * *
  6. ^ Ted Widmer. "The State of the Union Is Unreal", The New York Times, 2006-01-31. Retrieved on 2007-01-22. 
  7. ^ Office of the Clerk. Opposition Responses to State of the Union Messages (1966-Present). Retrieved on 2007-01-23.
  8. ^ Richard E. Sincere, Jr.. "O.J., J.C., and Bill: Reflections on the State of the Union", Metro Herald, February 1997. Retrieved on 2007-01-23. "Watts told his audience -- about 100 high school students from the CloseUp Foundation watched in person, while a smaller number watched on television at home -- that he is "old enough to remember the Jim Crow" laws that affected him and his family while he grew up in a black neighborhood in small-town Oklahoma." 
  9. ^ Byron York. "The Democratic Response You Didn’t See", January 21, 2004. Retrieved on 2007-01-23. "And then there was the Spanish-language response — the first ever — delivered by New Mexico governor, and former Clinton energy secretary, Bill Richardson." 
  10. ^ Democratic National Committee. "Los Angeles Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa Will Deliver the Democratic Response to the President's State of the Union Address in Spanish". Retrieved on 2007-01-23. "Senate Democratic Leader Harry Reid and House Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi announced today that Los Angeles Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa will deliver the Democratic response to President Bush's State of the Union Address in Spanish on January 31st." 
  11. ^ Gail Russell Chaddock. "Sen. Jim Webb to rebut State of the Union", The Christian Science Monitor, January 23, 2007. Retrieved on 2007-01-23. "Tuesday night, Senator Webb is giving the Democratic response to this year's State of the Union – an unusually high profile for a freshman." 
  12. ^ Office of the Speaker. "Becerra to Deliver the Democratic Response to the President's State of the Union Address in Spanish", 2007-01-16. Retrieved on 2007-01-23. "Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid announced today that Congressman Xavier Becerra of California, Assistant to the Speaker, will deliver the official Democratic response in Spanish to President Bush's State of the Union Address on January 23, 2007." 
  13. ^ Rebecca Sinderbrand. "Dems tap Kansas governor for State of the Union response", CNN, 2008-01-28. Retrieved on 2008-01-28. "Kansas Gov. Kathleen Sebelius will deliver the Democratic response to President Bush's final State of the Union address - a marquee assignment for a woman who leads a state with fewer than 2 million voters." 
  14. ^ Terrence Stutz. "Texas Sen. Leticia Van de Putte to give Democrats' Spanish State of the Union response", The Dallas Morning News, 2008-01-28. Retrieved on 2008-01-28. "She will deliver the Spanish Democratic response to the president's State of the Union speech tonight; Kansas Gov. Kathleen Sebelius will give the English one. Ms. Van de Putte was selected for the role by U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and U.S. Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid." 

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • The American Presidency Project: State of the Union Messages "Established in 1999 as a collaboration between John Woolley and Gerhard Peters at the University of California, Santa Barbara," currently (Aug. 2007), the APP "archives contain 75,663 documents related to the study of the Presidency."
  • C-SPAN State of the Union videos and transcripts (since 1945)
  • State of the Union (Visualizations, Statistical Analysis, and Searchable texts)
  • White House coverage
  • State of the Union Addresses of American Presidents ( 1790-2002) (in downloadable electronic file formats)
  • State of the Union Addresses of American Presidents (1790-2006) (HTML format)
The University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) is a coeducational public university located on the Pacific Ocean in Santa Barbara County, California, USA. It is one out of 10 campuses of the University of California. ... HTML, an initialism of HyperText Markup Language, is the predominant markup language for web pages. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
State of the Union Address - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1438 words)
The State of the Union Address is an annual event in which the President of the United States reports on the status of the country, normally to a joint session of the U.S. Congress (the House of Representatives and the Senate).
Once there, the President hands copies of the address to the Vice President of the United States (as President of the Senate) and the Speaker of the House of Representatives, both of whom sit behind the President for the duration of the speech.
Certain states have a similar annual address given by the governor, called the "State of the State Address".
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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