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Encyclopedia > State of Mexico
State of Mexico
Estado de México
Official flag of State of Mexico
Flag

Coat of arms
Location within Mexico
Location within Mexico
Country Flag of Mexico Mexico
Capital Toluca
Municipalities 126
Largest City Ecatepec
Government
 - Governor Enrique Peña Nieto (PRI)
 - Federal Deputies PRI: 7
PAN: 11
PRD: 20
Convergencia: 2
 - Federal Senators Yeidckol Polevnsky (PRD)
Héctor Bautista (PRD)
Ulises Ramírez (PAN)
Area
Ranked 25th
 - Total 21,355 km² (8,245.2 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 - Total 14,007,495(Ranked 1st)
HDI (2004) 0.7789 - medium
Ranked 18th
ISO 3166-2 MX-MEX
Postal abbr. Mex.
Website: State of Mexico Government

The State of México (often abbreviated to "Edomex" from Estado de México in Spanish) is a state in the center of the nation of Mexico. The State's capital is the city of Toluca. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Escudo_MX-MEX.gif‎ Imagen/Image por/by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán De/From: FLAGS OF THE WORLD Image:Fotw. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... This article is about a city in Mexico. ... Municipal Palace of Veracruz Municipalities (municipios in Spanish) are the second-level administrative division in Mexico (where the first-level administrative division is the estado, or state). ... List of largest cities in Mexico: See also: List of cities List of Cities and States and information about them in English and Spanish (in Spanish and English) Database of all Towns, cities, municipalities, and postal codes in Mexico (in Spanish) Ranking of Mexican Cities Categories: | ... Seal of the municipal government Ecatepec de Morelos is a municipio in the the State of México, its seat is San Cristóbal Ecatepec de Morelos. ... The United Mexican States ( Mexico) is a federal republic comprising 31 states and one federal district (the Mexican Federal District, or Distrito Federal). ... Enrique Peña Nieto (born July 20, 1966) is a Mexican politician and the current Governor of the State of Mexico. ... The Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Institucional or PRI) is a Mexican political party that wielded hegemonic power in the country—under a succession of names—for more than 70 years. ... The Chamber of Deputies (Spanish: Cámara de Diputados) is the lower house of Mexicos bicameral legislature, the Congress of the Union. ... The Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Institucional or PRI) is a Mexican political party that wielded hegemonic power in the country—under a succession of names—for more than 70 years. ... The National Action Party (Spanish: Partido Acción Nacional), known by the acronym PAN, is a conservative and Christian Democratic party and one of the three main political parties in Mexico. ... The Party of the Democratic Revolution (in Spanish: Partido de la Revolución Democrática, PRD) is one of the three main political parties in Mexico. ... Convergence (Spanish: Convergencia) is a political party in Mexico. ... The Senate (Spanish: Cámara de Senadores or Senado) is the upper house of Mexicos bicameral Congress. ... Yeidckol Polevnsky Yeidckol Polevnsky Gurwitz (b. ... The Party of the Democratic Revolution (in Spanish: Partido de la Revolución Democrática, PRD) is one of the three main political parties in Mexico. ... Héctor Miguel Bautista López is a Mexican left-wing politician affiliated to the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) who currently serves in the upper house of the Mexican Congress. ... The National Action Party (Spanish: Partido Acción Nacional), known by the acronym PAN, is a conservative and Christian Democratic party and one of the three main political parties in Mexico. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Political division of Mexico The following table presents a listing of Mexicos 31 federal states (and its Federal District, officially not a state), ranked in order of their surface area. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Political division of Mexico The following table presents a listing of Mexicos 31 federal states (and its Federal District, officially not a state), ranked in order of their total population (per year 2000 census data from INEGI). ... World map indicating Human Development Index (2006). ... States of Mexico colored by HDI The following table presents a listing of Mexicos 31 federal states (and its Federal District, officially not a state), ranked in order of their Human Development Index, as reported by the United Nations in 2004. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... The United Mexican States are a federation made up by thirty-one free and sovereign states. ... This article is about a city in Mexico. ...


The Pre-Columbian ruins of the city of Teotihuacan are located in the State of México. The pre-Columbian era incorporates all period subdivisions in the history and prehistory of the Americas before the appearance of significant European influences on the Americas continent. ... Teotihuacan was the largest Pre-Columbian known city in the Americas, and the name Teotihuacan is used to refer to the civilization this city dominated, which at its greatest extent included most of Mesoamerica. ...

Contents

Geography

The State of Mexico is located in the central part of the Mexican Republic between 18’ 21’ 29’’ and 20’ 17’ 20’’ north, and 98’35’50’’ and 100’36’3” west, with an altitude that varies from 1,330 meters above sea level to 2,800. The state has a surface of 22,499.95 km² (8,687.28 sq mi), which represents 1.1% of Mexican territory.[1] For other uses, see Mexico (disambiguation). ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Political geography

Borders

The State of México is bounded to the north by Hidalgo and Querétaro, to the east by Tlaxcala and Puebla, to the south by Morelos and Guerrero, and to the west by Michoacán. It surrounds to the east, north and west of the Mexican Federal District and capital Mexico City and has an area of 1,479 km² (571 sq mi), which is not in the state of Mexico, but borders it to the west, north and east of the District.[2] Hidalgo is a state in central Mexico, with an area of 20,502 km². In 2000 the state had a population of some 2,231,000 people. ... Querétaro (formal name: Querétaro Arteaga) is a state in central Mexico. ... For other uses, see Tlaxcala (disambiguation). ... The Mexican state of Puebla is located in the center of the country, to the east of Mexico City. ... Morelos is one of the constituent states of Mexico. ... Guerrero is a state in the United Mexican States. ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 113 Government  - Governor Lázaro Cárdenas Batel (PRD)  - Federal Deputies PAN:12  - Federal Senators Jesús Mendez Arroyo García (PAN) Juan Humberto Vasquez ( (PRI) Marko A. Cortés (PAN) Area Ranked 16th  - State 59,928 km²  (23,138. ... Nickname: Motto: Capital en movimiento Location of Mexico City in south central Mexico Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... Nickname: Motto: Capital en movimiento Location of Mexico City in south central Mexico Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Political division

It consists of 121 municipalities grouped into 8 counties:[3]

  • Toluca, which has 24 municipalities
  • Zumpango, which has 30 municipalities
  • Texcoco, which has 25 municipalities
  • Tejupilco, which has 5 municipalities
  • Atlacomulco, which has 9 municipalities
  • Coatepec Harinas, which has 12 municipalities
  • Valle de Bravo, which has 9 municipalities
  • Jilotepec, which has 7 municipalities[1]

Natural geography

Features

Its total surface is 2,249,978.9 hectares (8,687.2 sq mi). It is used for agriculture, forest and livestock. 14% of the territory is urban, water and industrial zones.[4]


Biospheres

The state is characterized by large plains divided by mountain ranges. To the north is a dry region called "Los Llanos", with vegetation such as mezquites and paddle cactus. In this region there are oak trees and holm oak like in Cuzdha and El Rosal in the municipality of San Miguel Calpulalpan. Toluca and Lerma are in the central valleys, where industrial parks are the source of income. In the surrounding hills, the vegetation consists of pines and oaks. There are white cedars at the National Park of Bancheves. Ocotes, that are aromatic resins, are very common in El Oro, a municipality located in the north-east part of the state. In the central valley are industries and cultivated lands. In the lower, warm elevations to the south, the vegetation is tropical. Here are found guajes (fruits of climber), papelillos (trees whose crust is withdrawed by itself), acacias, palo de Brasil (red tree), guacima (small tree with rounded crown) and amate(tree whose bark is used to paint or write).[5]


Mountains and valleys

The state is divided into two unequal parts: the cross-sectional volcanic axis, which is formed by peaks, the Mountain Range of Queretaro and Hidalgo, and the Sierra Madre del Sur, which is formed by the depression of the Balsas River, in addition to valleys which begin in Guerrero. Inside this system are included the Sierra de Ajusco and Montes de las Cruces, which form a wooded ridge across it from east to west, with a general elevation of about 3000 meters above sea-level. These ranges are part of a broken irregular chain which sometimes bears the name of Anahuac.[1] For the city in Mexico, see Anáhuac, Nuevo León. ...


The most important summits are the "Sierra Nevada", the "Sierra de las Cruces", “Nevado de Toluca” and the significant valleys are Toluca-Lerma and Cuautitlan- Texcoco.[4]


Lakes and rivers

A considerable part of the northern plateau consists of a broad plain, once the bed of a great lake but now covered with swamps, sodden meadows and lakes. The surrounding country drains into this depression, but an artificial diversion of this water has been created by the opening of the Tequixquiac tunnel. The plateau drains westward to the Pacific Ocean via the Lerma River which has a surface of 6,147.49 km² (2,373.56 sq mi), and north-east to the Gulf of South of the Sierra de Ajusco. The state is roughly mountainous and drains to the Pacific through tributaries of the Balsas River that has 8,372.14 km² (3,232.5 sq mi) through the San Juan and Panuco river that has a surface of 7,980.32 km² (3,081.22 sq mi).[5] The Lerma Santiago River (Río Lerma Santiago) is Mexicos longest river. ... The Balsas River is a river in south-central Mexico which forms a large basin called the Balsas Basin. ... Río Pánuco or the Pánuco River is a river in Veracruz, Mexico. ...


Within the depression of the north are the lakes of Zumpango, San Cristobal, Xaltocan, Chalco, Xochimilco and Texcoco, the latter three lying partly or wholly in the Federal District. Lake Chalco is a lake that was located in the mexican basin. ... Lake Xochimilco is a lake located in the Mexican Basin, this water body was an important element for the human development in central Mexico. ... Lake Texcoco is a lake in Mexico. ...


Weather

The most common climates in the State of Mexico are tempering-humid and tempering sub-humid. The 60% of the State has these type of climates. In the highest mountains the weather is cold. The annual average temperature in the south-east is about 20 °C (68 °F), and the north is about 13 °C (55.4 °F). The annual rainfall rate is between 600 and 1800 mm.[5] The weather can variate a lot from one season to another. In the summer it is very warm but during winter the temperature can be lower than 0 °C (32 °F).


History

Pre-Hispanic

In the Pre-Hispanic period codices were very important importantThere were several Aztec codices about history, religion, tribute’s administration, cartography (maps) from the 16th century. The pre-Columbian codices differ from European codices in that they are largely pictorial; they were not meant to symbolize spoken or written narratives.[6] The colonial era codices not only contain Aztec pictograms, but also Classical Nahuatl (in the Latin alphabet), Spanish, and occasionally Latin. Examples of these Aztec codices include:as Tlacotepec, Xilotepec codex, Tezcoco-Acampan codex. Detail of first page from the Boturini Codex, depicting the departure from Aztlán. ... Classical Nahuatl (also known as Aztec, and simply Nahuatl) is a term used to describe the variants of the Nahuatl language that were spoken in the Valley of Mexico — and central Mexico as a lingua franca — at the time of the 16th-century Spanish conquest of Mexico. ... The Latin alphabet, also called the Roman alphabet, is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world today. ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ...


The State of Mexico is part of a cultural area called Mesoamerica characterized by homogeneous cultural elements despite the presence of multiple linguistic groups.[7] This article is about the culture area. ...


Different ethnic groups including the Otomi, Mazahua, Matlatzinca and Chichimeca have made the State of Mexico their home. The Otomí are a Native American people living in the central plateau region of Mexico. ... Mazahua is an ethnic group living in the Ixtlahuaca District in Mexico. ... Matlatzinca is a name used to refer to different indigenous ethnic groups in the Toluca Valley in the state of Edo. ... The Chichimeca are a group of nomads in northern Mexico. ...


Toluca was conquered by the Mexicas. The Mexicas had to fight against Azcapotzalco. For other uses, see Aztec (disambiguation). ... Azcapotzalco (Place of the ants in Nahuatl) is one of the 16 delegaciones (boroughs) into which Mexicos Federal District is divided. ...


Some of the more important Aztec emperors settled in the Valley of Mexico were Cuauhtitlan, Tezozomoc, Azcapotzalco, Tlalmanalco, Opochihuacan and Xaltocan. Cuautitlán was a village in the Aztec empire about 15 miles northwest of Tenochtitlán (later Mexico City). ... Tezozomoc was a Tepanec leader who ruled the city-state of Azcapotzalco from 1371 to 1426. ... Azcapotzalco (Place of the ants in Nahuatl) is one of the 16 delegaciones (boroughs) into which Mexicos Federal District is divided. ... Xaltocan (also known as Jaltocan or Jaltocán)[1] is an island situated in the centre of Lake Texcoco in Mexico. ...


Colonial period

The first incursions of Spaniards to the State of Mexico were led by Andrés de Tapia who destroyed the population of Malinalco in 1521. Later, Gonzálo de Sandoval arrived in Toluca valley and defeated the Matlazincas who were allied with the Aztecs. After the fall of the Aztec empire, some Mazahuas were taken to rebuild Mexico City. Evangelization began in 1523 in Texcoco by Brother Pedro de Gante, who funded the Padua School. In 1524, the first religious order formed by the Franciscans came. [8] View over Malinalco Malinalco is a city in México State, Mexico. ... Aztec is a term used to refer to certain ethnic groups of central Mexico, particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who achieved political and military dominance over large parts of Mesoamerica in the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries, a period referred to as the Late post-Classic... Nickname: Motto: Capital en movimiento Location of Mexico City in south central Mexico Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... Texcoco is a city in México State, Mexico, located to the east of Mexico City at 19. ... Fray Pedro de Gante Fray Pieter van der Moere, also known as Fray Pedro de Gante or Pedro de Mura (ca. ... Padua, Italy, (Italian: IPA: , Latin: Patavium, Venetian: ) is a city in the Veneto, northern Italy, the economic and communications hub of the region. ... Franciscans is the common name used to designate a variety of mendicant religious orders of men or women tracing their origin to Francis of Assisi and following the Rule of St. ...


When Cortez arrived, the conditions of the political situation were on his side. The heirs of the Tetzcoco crown were having a conflict. Cortez took advantage of and conquered what is now the State of Mexico. The Colonial period was when the original inhabitants formed a new world. They established new values, structures and created what now is known as the State of Mexico. This period began with the creation of small villages, territory delimitation, and the most important characteristic: the establishment of the original authority. Since this period, religion has been a very important of Mexican culture. The influence of the Dominicans and Augustinians was as greatimportant as that of the Franciscans” left. Education was well organized until “Jesus Company” arrived. In the 17th century, the native communities’ culture started to fall apart.[9] Detail of St. ... Franciscans is the common name used to designate a variety of mendicant religious orders of men or women tracing their origin to Francis of Assisi and following the Rule of St. ...


In 1799, the town of Toluca was declared a city by Carlos V. This article is about a city in Mexico. ... Charles (February 24, 1500 – September 21, 1558) was Holy Roman Emperor (as Charles V) from 1519-1558; he was also King of Spain from 1516_1556, officially as Charles I of Spain, although often referred to as Charles V (Carlos Quinto or Carlos V) in Spain and Latin America. ...


In this period the State of Mexico was too big (107,619 square kilometers). The "Congreso de la Union" decided to took Querétaro, D.F., Guerrero, Tlalpan, Hidalgo, Morelos and Calpulalpan( Total: 86,466 square kilometers) from it. Also the capital D.F. was taken because the "Congreso de la Union" said that the capital must not be part of one state.


Independence of Mexico (1810-1821)

At the beginning of the independencemovement in 1810, Miguel Hidalgo visited Mexico City. On his way there, he passed through many towns of Toluca, gathering supporters among the people of Toluca. On October 24, 1810, Hidalgo fought against Agustin de Iturbe and won. On October 28, Hidalgo entered Toluca with his army and put the army of Torcuato Trujillo to flight.[10] A painting of Miguel Hidalgo. ... Nickname: Motto: Capital en movimiento Location of Mexico City in south central Mexico Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


From the Revolution to 1990

In this period, State of Mexico’s population increased considerably; to around 12 million inhabitants, and became the state with the largest population.


During this period the State suffered a big transformation of the economic activities. The first type of industrial investment was done during this period. The State of Mexico with a stock-breeder history, transformed itself into an industrial economic Mexican place. [7] .The manufactory industry became the major economic activity and the reason of an economic progress for the state.[11] Two cities from the state of Mexico, Lerma and Toluca, became the centers of many important industrial activities, not only for the state, but also for the country.


Due to the industrialization the State of Mexico's economic transformation during this period produced a dual society; an urban one and a rural one. The urban society was known as the rich group from the state, which considerably had the highest incomes of the country in comparison to other urban groups from other states. The rural society is characterized of being a population where the presence of poverty is really marked.


One of this period’s consequences is the partition of land. The State of Mexico gained from the 50’s land partition, after the Mexican Revolution, about 800,000 ha (3,088.8 sq mi). In spite of new land for the state, it did not help to decrease the poverty rate. A hectare (symbol ha) is a unit of area, equal to 10 000 square metres, commonly used for measuring land area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

In the 2005 census, the state had a population of about 14,007,495 people. (The population in 1900 was 934,468-largely Native American.) The majority of the present-day population in the state is located within the Greater Mexico City metropolitan area surrounding the Distrito Federal. The state's population is rapidly increasing due to urbanization. Mexico State is the most populated state in The Mexican Republic.[12] Brazilian Indian chiefs The scope of this indigenous peoples of the Americas article encompasses the definitions of indigenous peoples and the Americas as established in their respective articles. ... Greater Mexico City refers to the conurbation around Mexico City, oficially called Zona Metropolitana de la Ciudad de México or ZMCM (Metropolitan Zone of Mexico City) in Mexico. ... Nickname: Motto: Capital en movimiento Location of Mexico City in south central Mexico Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ...


Migration is one of the most important problems in the society. The State of Mexico has a very high level of migration to The United States, making up about 75.7% of the total Mexican population that migrates. The three places with a higher population density in Mexico are: Mexico City (5799 hab/km^2), State of Mexico (586 hab/km^2) and Morelos (318 hab/km^2).[12]


The most significant indigenous groups in the State of Mexico are Mazahuas, Otomis and Nahuatls. Approximately 1.6% of the entire population is composed of these cultural groups. Other cultures that can be found in the state include Mixtecos, Zapotecos, Mazatecos, Totonacas and Mixes. 2.2% of Mexico's native population is distributed among the entire state.[12]


According to the data from the 2005 census, the rate of growth in State of Mexico is 1.2%. In contrast with past decades, this means that the population growth in the state has decreased considerably, although the state is one of the most populated entities. This is a consequence of the states that are near by the region, as a lot of people migrate to Mexico City because of work and end of living in Mexico.[12]


Economy

The Principal Productive Activities are manufacturing, construction, commercial activities, restaurants and hotels, financial and non-financial services. The State of Mexico is a leader in metal products, food, clothes, and chemical products industry. There are eleven industrial parks and its Gross Internal Product is 49,463,122.23 USD. (2001)[13]


Outside of the urban areas, the principal industries of the state are agricultural, and principal products are cereals, sugar, maguey (from which pulque is made), coffee and fruit. Stock-raising has also had a profitable development, owing to the proximity of the national capital. The manufacturing industries produces useful items for community such as cotton and woollen fabrics, flour, dairy products, glass-ware, pottery, bricks, wines and spirits. To contrast, in 1900, the making of pulque from the sap of the maguey plant (Agave americana) was the chief industry of the state, and the product is exported in large quantities to the national capital. Also, the state was traversed by the Central, National, Mexican International and Interoceanic railways, and by short lines from the national capital to neighbouring towns. Grain redirects here. ... This article is about sugar as food and as an important and widely traded commodity. ... ... Pulque, or octli, is an alcoholic beverage made from the fermented juice of the maguey, and is a traditional native beverage of Mesoamerica. ... For other uses, see Coffee (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ...


Some of the most principal companies in the State of Mexico are Alpura, Bacardi y CIA., Bic, Bimbo, BMW, Central de Abastos, Comercial Mexicana, Daimler Chrysler, Holiday Inn, Jugos Del Valle, Nestlé, Nextel, Panasonic, Robert Bosch, Telemark and Yakult.[13]


Today, the auto industry is a major industry in the state, and for most people is considered the key activity for the Mexican economy.


Tourism

The State of Mexico offers a number of tourist attractions. Visitors have the opportunity to enjoy the most variable landscapes, warm climate; fertile and green valleys; lakes, forest and Great Mountains. The most notable tourist sites are Valle de Bravo and Ixtapan de la Sal. Valle de Bravo is a municipality in México State, Mexico, located on the shore of Lake Avándaro, approximately 100 km (60 miles) west of Mexico City. ...


Other tourist attractions are the pre-Hispanic monuments of Teotihuacan, a civic and religious center. Malinalco with its archeological zone carved over the mountain rocks and the archeological zone of Teotenango “El lugar de la muralla sagrada” (The place of the sacred wall).[3] Teotihuacan was the largest Pre-Columbian known city in the Americas, and the name Teotihuacan is used to refer to the civilization this city dominated, which at its greatest extent included most of Mesoamerica. ... View over Malinalco Malinalco is a city in México State, Mexico. ...


Valle de Bravo

This place was originally named Temascaltepec and San Francisco del Valle de Temascaltepec later. The peculiar urban physiognomy of this place is given by typical houses of white walls with “guardapolvos” of rust color, wide rooftops and portals and balconies. The sloping streets and cobblestone alleys, reach "Plaza Principal" or beautiful neighborhoods like "Santa Maria" and "El Santuario". Art production in Valle de Bravo is based on ceramic and fabric. Valle de Bravo since four decades has become one of the most important tourist places in Mexico. In Valle de Bravo, one can practice golf, equitation, tennis, paragliding and hang-gliding, skiing and fishing.[3] Temascaltepec is one of the 25 municipalities of the Mexican State of Mexico. ... Valle de Bravo is a municipality in México State, Mexico, located on the shore of Lake Avándaro, approximately 100 km (60 miles) west of Mexico City. ...


Ixtapan de la Sal

Ixtapan de la Sal is located 66 km from Toluca and 120 km from Mexico City. Its original name means "over the salt" and it is 1,900 meters above sea level. Its principal attractions are thermal springs and water parks with indoor pools and other services like private pools and spa. The Church of El señor del Perdón (Lord of Forgiveness) has kept its original facade from the 16th century. 16 km away are located the Grutas de la Estrella (Caves of the Star).[3] This article is about a city in Mexico. ... Nickname: Motto: Capital en movimiento Location of Mexico City in south central Mexico Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ...


Government and politics

The Constitution of the State of Mexico provides that the government of the State of Mexico, like the government of every other state in Mexico, consists of three powers: the executive, the legislative and the judiciary. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... A legislatureis a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to ratify laws. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      In the law, the judiciary or judicial system is the system of courts which administer justice in the name of the sovereign or state, a mechanism for the resolution of disputes. ...


Executive power rests in the Governor of the State of Mexico, who is directly elected by the citizens, using a secret ballot, to a 6-year term with no possibility of reelection. Legislative power rests in the Congress of the State of México which is a unicameral legislature. Judicial power is invested in the Superior Court of Justice of the State of México. The Governor of the State of Mexico (Spanish: Gobernador Constitucional del Estado de México) wields executive power in the State of Mexico (aka Edomex). ... The Congress of the State of México is the legislative branch of the government of the State of Mexico. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ...


Municipalities

The State of Mexico is divided into 125 municipalities (countys), each headed by a municipal president (mayor). Most municipalities are named after the city that serves as municipal seat; e.g. the municipal seat of the Municipality of Nezahualcóyotl is the City of Nezahualcóyotl (aka Ciudad Neza). Typically, the city contains the majority of the population within the municipality. The Mexican state of México is made up of 122 municipalities (municipios): Categories: Lists of municipalities of Mexico | Mexican states ... A presidente municipal (Spanish for municipal president) is the chief of government of municipios in Mexico. ... Nezahualcóyotl (also: Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl or Ciudad Neza, which is strictly the name of the municipal seat; informally: mi Nezota) is a municipality of the State of México adjacent to the eastern fringe of Mexicos Federal District: it is thus part of the Mexico City Metropolitan Area. ...


Major communities

It has been suggested that Chimalhuacan be merged into this article or section. ... Ciudad López Mateos is a municipality in the State of México, México. ... Nezahualcóyotl (also: Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl or Ciudad Neza, which is strictly the name of the municipal seat; informally: mi Nezota) is a municipality of the State of México adjacent to the eastern fringe of Mexicos Federal District: it is thus part of the Mexico City Metropolitan Area. ... Cuautitlán Izcalli (pronounced Coauh-titlán eez-calli) is a municipality in México State, Mexico. ... Seal of the municipal government Ecatepec de Morelos is a municipio in the the State of México, its seat is San Cristóbal Ecatepec de Morelos. ... Ixtapaluca is a local municipality in zone III of the state of México in Mexico. ... La Paz is a municipality in México State, Mexico. ... An aerial shot of the Satélite Towers —one of the most important symbols of Naucalpan— taken from a helicopter. ... San Francisco Coacalco is a city in Mexico State, Mexico. ... Tlalnepantla de Baz is a city and municipality located in the State of México. ... This article is about a city in Mexico. ... Ciudad Nicolás Romero also know as Villa Nicolás Romero is a town in the State of Mexico, Mexico. ... Xico is a city in México State, Mexico, located at 19. ... Valle de Bravo is a municipality in México State, Mexico, located on the shore of Lake Avándaro, approximately 100 km (60 miles) west of Mexico City. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c Gobierno del Estado de Mexico (1994). Perfil socioeconomico del Estado de Mexico (in Spanish). Mexico: Gobierno del Estado de Mexico. ISBN 27279. 
  2. ^ Salgado, J. (1993). Estado de Mexico: Evolucion Socioeconomica (in Spanish). Mexico: UAEM. ISBN 058318. 
  3. ^ a b c d INEGI, Instituto Nacional de Etadistica Geografia e Informatica (2001). Estado de Mexico/Guia Turistica Estatal. Mexico: INEGI. ISBN 970-13-3559-7. 
  4. ^ a b CONAPO (1999). Situacion demografica del Estado de Mexico (in Spanish). Mexico: Consejo Nacional de Poblacion. ISBN 26645. 
  5. ^ a b c Enciclopedia Universal de Mexico (2001). Enciclopedia Universal de Mexico (in Spanish). Mexico: EuroMexico. 
  6. ^ Elizabeth Hill Boone, "Pictorial Documents and Visual Thinking in Postconquest Mexico". p. 158.
  7. ^ a b El Colegio Mexiquense, A.C. (1998). Historia General del Estado de México. México: Corporación Editorial Mac.. ISBN 970-669-002-6. 
  8. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. (2001). Estado de México Guía Turistica. ISBN 9701335597. 
  9. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. (2001). Estado de México Guía Turistica. ISBN 9701335597. 
  10. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. (2001). Estado de México Guía Turistica. ISBN 9701335597. 
  11. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. (2001). Estado de México Guía Turistica. ISBN 970669000X. 
  12. ^ a b c d INEGI. Estadísticas Sociodemográficas (Spanish). Retrieved on October 4, 2007.
  13. ^ a b Estructura Socioeconómica de México (2004). . Mexico: Editorial Limusa. ISBN 9681854071. 

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Coordinates: 19°21′15″N, 99°37′51″W The United Mexican States are a federation made up by thirty-one free and sovereign states. ... Aguascalientes IPA: is a state of Mexico, situated in the center of the country. ... Baja California (literally lower California in Spanish) is the northernmost state of Mexico. ... Baja California Sur (English: South Lower California) is one of the 31 States of Mexico, occupying the part of the Baja California Peninsula south of the 28th parallel. ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 11 Largest City San Francisco de Campeche Government  - Governor Jorge Carlos Hurtado Valdez (PRI)  - Federal Deputies PRI:2  - Federal Senators PRI:2 PAN:1 Area Ranked 18th  - State 50,812 km²  (19,618. ... Location within Mexico Country  Mexico Capital Tuxtla Gutiérrez Municipalities 118 Largest City Tuxtla Gutiérrez Government  - Governor Juan José Sabines Guerrero ( PRD)  - Federal Deputies PRI: 7 PRD: 5  - Federal Senators PRI: 1 PRD: 1 PVEM: 1 Area Ranked 8th  - State 74,211 km²  (28,653 sq mi) Population (2005... This article is about the state in Mexico. ... Coahuila (formal name: Coahuila de Zaragoza) is one of Mexicos 31 component states. ... Location within Mexico Country  Mexico Capital Colima Municipalities 10 Largest City Manzanillo Government  - Governor Jesus Silverio Cavazos Ceballos (PRI)  - Federal Deputies PAN: 2  - Federal Senators PAN: 2 PRI: 1 Area Ranked 29th  - State 5,191 km²  (2,004. ... Durango (IPA pronunciation ) is one of the constituent states of Mexico. ... Nickname: Motto: Capital en movimiento Location of Mexico City in south central Mexico Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... Guanajuato is a state in the central highlands of Mexico. ... Guerrero is a state in the United Mexican States. ... Hidalgo is a state in central Mexico, with an area of 20,502 km². In 2000 the state had a population of some 2,231,000 people. ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 126 Largest City Guadalajara Government  - Governor Emilio González Márquez (PAN)  - Federal Deputies PAN: 18 PRI: 1  - Federal Senators Eva Contreras (PAN) Héctor Pérez (PAN) Ramiro Hernández (PRI) Area Ranked 6th  - State 30,534. ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 113 Government  - Governor Lázaro Cárdenas Batel (PRD)  - Federal Deputies PAN:12  - Federal Senators Jesús Mendez Arroyo García (PAN) Juan Humberto Vasquez ( (PRI) Marko A. Cortés (PAN) Area Ranked 16th  - State 59,928 km²  (23,138. ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 33 Government  - Governor Marco Adame Castillo (PAN)  - Federal Deputies PAN: 3 PRD: 1 PRI: 1  - Federal Senators Adrián Rivera (PAN) Martha Rivera (PAN) Graco Ramírez (PRD) Area Ranked 30th  - State 4,950 km²  (1,911. ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 20 Government  - Governor Ney González Sánchez (PRI)  - Federal Deputies PRI: 2 PRD: 1  - Federal Senators PRI: 2 PRD: 1 Area Ranked 23rd  - State 26,979 km²  (10,416. ... Nuevo León (Spanish for New León, after the former kingdom in Spain) is a state located in northeastern Mexico. ... Catedral de Santo Domingo The Free and Sovereign State of Oaxaca or simply Oaxaca   is one of the 31 states of Mexico, located in the southern part of Mexico, west of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. ... The Mexican state of Puebla is located in the center of the country, to the east of Mexico City. ... Querétaro (formal name: Querétaro Arteaga) is a state in central Mexico. ... Quintana Roo is a state of Mexico, on the eastern part of the Yucatán Peninsula. ... The Mexican state of San Luis Potosí has an area of 62,848 km² (24,266 mi²). It is in the north-central part of the Mexican republic, bordered by the states of Jalisco, Guanajuato, Querétaro, Hidalgo, Veracruz, Tamaulipas, Nuevo León, Coahuila, and Zacatecas. ... Sinaloa is a state in northwestern Mexico. ... Sonora is a state in northwestern Mexico, bordering the states of Chihuahua to the east, Sinaloa to the south, and Baja California to the northwest. ... This article is about the Mexican state of Tabasco. ... Tamaulipas is a state in the northeast of Mexico. ... For other uses, see Tlaxcala (disambiguation). ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 212 Largest City Veracruz Government  - Governor Fidel Herrera Beltrán (PRI)  - Federal Deputies PRI: 6 PAN: 11 PRD: 2 Convergencia: 2  - Federal Senators PRD: 1 PAN: 1 Convergencia: 1 Area Ranked 11th  - State 71,699 km²  (27,683. ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 106 Government  - Governor Ivonne Ortega Pacheco PRI  - Federal Deputies PAN: 4 PRI: 1  - Federal Senators Hugo Laviada (PAN) Alfredo Rodríguez (PAN) Cleominio Zoreda (PRI) Area Ranked 20th  - State 38,402 km²  (14,827. ... Zacatecas is one of the 31 constituent states of Mexico. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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USA States . com - US states Portal (651 words)
During the 19th and 20th centuries, 37 new states were added to the original 13 as the nation expanded across the North American continent and acquired a number of overseas possessions.
The United States of America, which covers the central part of North America, grew out of the British colonies that were established in the north America in the first half of the 17th century.
Thirty other states, which were formerly territories, were also admitted in to the union as full states, thus making up 50 states in all, apart from the District of Columbia.
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