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Encyclopedia > State constitution (United States)

In the context of the United States of America, a state constitution is the governing document of a U.S. state, comparable to the U.S. Constitution which is the governing document of the United States. Some states have had multiple constitutions and since each state drafts its own, there is great diversity between them, though all have some basic concepts in common. A constitution is a system, often codified as a written document, that establishes the rules and principles that govern an organization or political entity. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties Libertarian Party State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Wikisource has original text related to this article: Constitution of the United States of America Page one of the original copy of the Constitution. ...


The average length of a state constitution is 26,000 words (compared to about 8,700 words for the U.S. constitution).[citation needed] The longest state governing document is that of Alabama, which has over 172,000 words. That document is also the most amended state constitution in the Union, with over 770 amendments as of 2005 (the average state constitution has been amended about 115 times)[citation needed]. The oldest state constitution still in effect is that of Massachusetts, which took effect in 1780. The newest is the Georgia Constitution, which was ratified in 1983 (Hammons, 1999). The Alabama Constitution is the basic governing document of the U.S. state of Alabama. ... Amendment may refer to: A change made to a law or bill. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Constitution of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts is the fundamental governing document of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... 1780 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Georgia Constitution, which was ratified in 1983, is the governing document of the U.S. state of Georgia. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

list of U.S. state constitutions

See category:state constitutions of the United States.


U.S. Territory Constitutions

The major populated island territories of the United States also have constitutions of their own. These constitutions are subject to Congressional approval and oversight, which is not the case with state constitutions, and do not qualify the territories for statehood. Upon an Enabling Act, the affected territory may draft a state constitution that will succeed upon statehood. This article discusses states as sovereign political entities. ... An Enabling Act, in reference to admission of new states into the Union, is legislation passed by Congress authorizing the people of a territory to frame a constitution. ...


"Constitution" for Washington, D.C.

Washington, DC has a charter similar to charters of major cities, instead of having a constitution like the states and territories. The District of Columbia Home Rule Act establishes the Council of the District of Columbia which governs the entire district and has certain devolved powers similar to those of major cities. Congress has full authority over the district and may amend the charter and any legislation enacted by the Council. Attempts at statehood for the District of Columbia have included the drafting of two constitutions in 1982[1] and 1987[2] respectively referring to the district as the State of New Columbia. Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... The District of Columbia Home Rule Act is an act of theU.S. Congress passed in 1973. ... The Council of the District of Columbia is the legislative branch of the local government of Washington, D.C.. As such, it is analogous to the city councils of other cities in the United States, but in some manners it is also analogous to state legislatures. ... D.C. Statehood is a political campaign intended to grant the District of Columbia the full privileges of a U.S. state. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... New Columbia is the name of the proposed U.S. state that would be created by the admission of Washington, D.C. into the United States as the 51st state according to legislation offered starting in the 98th Congress in 1983 and routinely re-introduced in succeeding Congresses. ...


References

  • Hammons, Christopher W. (1999). Was James Madison wrong? Rethinking the American preference for short, framework-oriented constitutions. American Political Science Review. Dec. 1999.
    • The appendices to this article contain substantial data on state constitutions.

External links

  • The Green Papers: Constitutions of the Several states
  • The Green Papers: State constitutions, an explanation
  • The Green Papers: Links to state constitutions
  • Citings of Religious Influence in First State Constitutions

  Results from FactBites:
 
United States Constitution: Information from Answers.com (14282 words)
The Constitution was ratified in June 1788, but because ratification in many states was contingent on the promised addition of a Bill of Rights, Congress proposed 12 amendments in September 1789; 10 were ratified by the states, and their adoption was certified on Dec. 15, 1791.
The Constitution's separation of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government, the checks and balances of each branch against the other, and the explicit guarantees of individual liberty were all designed to strike a balance between authority and liberty.
Amendments to the Constitution may be proposed by a two-thirds vote of both houses of Congress or by a convention called by Congress on the application of the legislatures of two-thirds of the states.
The Constitution of the United States of America (4025 words)
The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each state, chosen by the legislature thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote.
The United States shall guarantee to every state in this union a republican form of government, and shall protect each of them against invasion; and on application of the legislature, or of the executive (when the legislature cannot be convened) against domestic violence.
The judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by citizens of another state, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign state.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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