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Encyclopedia > State Union of Serbia and Montenegro
Државна заједница
Србија и Црна Гора
Državna zajednica
Srbija i Crna Gora

State Union of
Serbia and Montenegro
Flag
Flag of
Serbia and Montenegro
Coat of Arms of
Serbia and Montenegro
Image:LocationSerbiaAndMontenegro.png
Serbia and Montenegro

 – Serbia
   – Kosovo and Metohia
       (UN administration)
   – Vojvodina
 – Montenegro Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia_and_Montenegro. ... Image File history File links originally uploaded by Avala. ... Flag ratio: 1:2 The flag of Serbia and Montenegro was adopted on April 27, 1992, as the flag of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ... Coat of Arms of Serbia and Montenegro // Official Status Officialy adopted by federal parlaiment in 1994. ... Location of Serbia and Montenegro. ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official language Serbian1 Capital Belgrade Independence- Declared from the Ottoman Empire Gained autonomy 1817 Independence July 13, 1878 Area – Total – % water 88,361 km² n/a Population – Total (2002) (not including data for Kosovo and Metohia Province) – Density 7. ... For other uses, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... The United Nations (UN) is an international organization that describes itself as a global association of governments facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, and social equity. ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official languages Serbian, Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusin1 Capital Novi Sad Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  21,500 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2002)  â€“ Density  2,031,992  94. ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official language Serbian Capital Podgorica Former Royal Capital Cetinje President Filip Vujanović Prime Minister Milo Đukanović Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  13,812 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ Density  616,258  48. ...

Official language Serbian language written in Cyrillic alphabet[1]
Capital Belgrade[2]
President[3] Svetozar Marović
Area
 – Total
 – % water
Ranked 105th
 102,350 km²
 0.25%
Population
 – Total (2005)
 – Density
Ranked 74th
 10,829,175
 104/km²
HDI (2003) NAunranked
Currency Serbia: Serbian Dinar (CSD)[4]
Montenegro: Euro (EUR)
Time zone
 – in summer
CET (UTC+1)
CEST (UTC+2)
National anthem Hej Sloveni
Internet TLD .yu still used (.cs reserved)
Airline carriers Jat Airways and Montenegro Airlines
Calling Code +381
  1. ^  Latin alphabet and more languages are official at various local levels.
  2. ^  Court of Serbia and Montenegro is in Podgorica.
  3. ^  Also Chairman of the Council of Ministers.
  4. ^  in Kosovo and Montenegro the Serbian Dinar is not widespread and the euro is used for most purposes instead.

Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian: Србија и Црна Гора, Srbija i Crna Gora, abbreviated as "SCG") is the name of the state union of Serbia and Montenegro, two former Yugoslav republics. It is located on the west-central Balkan Peninsula and in the southern Pannonian plain, bordering Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia on the western sides, Hungary to the north, Romania and Bulgaria to the east, the Republic of Macedonia to the south and Albania to the south-west with just over 200 km of access to the Adriatic. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (500x669, 137 KB)Serbia and Montenegro map (self made) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... An official language is a language that is given a privileged legal status in a state, or other legally-defined territory. ... The Serbian language is one of the standard versions of the Å tokavian dialect (former standard was known as Serbo-Croatian language). ... The Cyrillic alphabet (or azbuka, from the old name of the first two letters) is an alphabet used to write six natural Slavic languages (Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, and Ukrainian) and many other languages of the former Soviet Union, Asia and Eastern Europe. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... Mayor Nenad Bogdanović Area 359. ... Presidential seal The President of Serbia and Montenegro and the chairman of Council of Ministers of Serbia and Montenegro is elected at the proposal of the President and Vice President of the Parliament of Serbia and Montenegro for a four year term. ... Svetozar Marović (Светозар Маровић; born March 31, 1955 in Kotor) is a lawyer whos the current President of Serbia and Montenegro as well as Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Serbia and Montenegro. ... -1... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... This is a list of sovereign states and other territories by population, estimated for the year 2005. ... World map indicating HDI of UN member states, 2003. ... World map indicating HDI of UN member states, 2003. ... The Serbian dinar is the official currency of Serbia, one of the two republics that comprise Serbia-Montenegro. ... The euro (symbol: €; banking code: EUR) is the single currency of the following twelve European Union member states: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal and Spain; collectively also known as the eurozone. ... See also List of time zones Time zones are areas of the Earth that have adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Daylight saving time (also called DST), sometimes incorrectly called daylight savings time, is a term used for a system intended to save daylight. ... Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of UTC+1 time zone, 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Coordinated Universal Time or UTC, also sometimes referred to as Zulu time or Z, is an atomic realization of Universal Time (UT) or Greenwich Mean Time, the astronomical basis for civil time. ... Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Coordinated Universal Time or UTC, also sometimes referred to as Zulu time or Z, is an atomic realization of Universal Time (UT) or Greenwich Mean Time, the astronomical basis for civil time. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is formally recognized by a countrys government as their official national song. ... Hej, Sloveni (also spelled Hej, Slaveni and Hej, Slovani, meaning Hey, Slavs) has been the national anthem of Yugoslavia between 1945 and ca. ... A top-level domain (TLD) is the last part of an Internet domain name; that is, the letters which follow the final dot of any URL. For example, in the domain name wikipedia. ... .yu is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Yugoslavia. ... .cs was for several years the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Czechoslovakia. ... A Boeing 747-400 belonging to Virgin Atlantic Airways, one of the UKs largest airlines. ... Jat Airways is the national carrier of Serbia and Montenegro, former national carrier of Yugoslavia, and the sixteenth-oldest airline in Europe. ... Montenegro Airlines is the national carrier of Montenegro and based in Podgorica. ... // At a glance In depth Zone 1 – North American Numbering Plan Area nanpa. ... The Latin alphabet, also called the Roman alphabet, is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world today. ... Mayor Dr. Miomir MugoÅ¡a Area  - city  - municipality km² 1,399 km² Population  - city  - municipality 136,473 169,132 Time zone Summer Time CET (UTC +1) CEST (UTC +2) Founded 14th Century Latitude Longitude 42°47 N 19°28 E Area code +381 81 Car plates PG Official Website Podgorica... Council of Ministers of Serbia and Montenegro Savet Ministara Drzavne Zajednice Srbija i Crna Gora Whole council including President of Serbia and Montenegro is elected by Parliament of Serbia and Montenegro. ... The euro (symbol: €; banking code: EUR) is the single currency of the following twelve European Union member states: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal and Spain; collectively also known as the eurozone. ... The Serbian language is one of the standard versions of the Å tokavian dialect (former standard was known as Serbo-Croatian language). ... A Political Union is a type of state which is composed of smaller states. ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official language Serbian1 Capital Belgrade Independence- Declared from the Ottoman Empire Gained autonomy 1817 Independence July 13, 1878 Area – Total – % water 88,361 km² n/a Population – Total (2002) (not including data for Kosovo and Metohia Province) – Density 7. ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official language Serbian Capital Podgorica Former Royal Capital Cetinje President Filip Vujanović Prime Minister Milo Đukanović Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  13,812 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ Density  616,258  48. ... Official language Macedonian, Serbo-Croatian, Slovenian Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Area (1991)  - Total  - % water Ranked xxst 255,804 km² Negligible Population  - Total (2004)  - Density Ranked xxth 20,522,972 80/km² Currency Yugoslav dinar Time zone  - in summer CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) National anthem Hej, Sloveni/Slaveni... The Balkans is the historic and geographic name used to describe southeastern Europe (see the Definitions and boundaries section below). ... The Pannonian plain is a large plain in central/south-eastern Europe that remained when the Pliocene Pannonian Sea (see below) dried out. ... Motto: Anthem: Today Over Macedonia (Macedonian: Денес Над Македонија, Denes Nad Makedonija) Capital Skopje Largest city Skopje Official language(s) Macedonian1 Government President Prime Minister Parliamentary republic Branko Crvenkovski Vlado Bučkovski Independence Declared From Yugoslavia September 8, 1991 Area  â€¢ Total  â€¢ Water (%)   25,333 km² (146th) 1. ... The Adriatic Sea is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea separating the Apennine peninsula (Italy) from the Balkan peninsula, and the system of the Apennine Mountains from that of the Dinaric Alps and adjacent ranges. ...


Serbia and Montenegro cooperate in only some political fields (e.g. through a defence union). The states have separate economic policies and currencies. The country does not have a unified capital anymore, dividing its common institutions between Belgrade in Serbia and Podgorica in Montenegro. Each of the two states may seek full independence via a referendum. Montenegro will hold a referendum on this matter on May 21, 2006. Mayor Nenad Bogdanović Area 359. ... Mayor Dr. Miomir MugoÅ¡a Area  - city  - municipality km² 1,399 km² Population  - city  - municipality 136,473 169,132 Time zone Summer Time CET (UTC +1) CEST (UTC +2) Founded 14th Century Latitude Longitude 42°47 N 19°28 E Area code +381 81 Car plates PG Official Website Podgorica... A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... The Republic of Montenegro is scheduled to hold a referendum on independence on April 30, 2006. ... May 21 is the 141st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (142nd in leap years). ...


The Serb province of Kosovo and Metohia, while a part of Serbia is, since the war of 1999, a United Nations protectorate and de facto outside the control of Serbian and Montenegrin authorities. Its final status is yet to be determined. Kosovo (known in Albanian as Kosova, in Serbian as Косово и Метохија / Kosovo i Metohija, and in English simply as Kosovo) is a province in southern Serbia. ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official language Serbian1 Capital Belgrade Independence- Declared from the Ottoman Empire Gained autonomy 1817 Independence July 13, 1878 Area – Total – % water 88,361 km² n/a Population – Total (2002) (not including data for Kosovo and Metohia Province) – Density 7. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... The United Nations (UN) is an international organization that describes itself as a global association of governments facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, and social equity. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without...

Contents


History

Main articles: History of Serbia and Montenegro, History of Serbia, History of Montenegro, and History of Yugoslavia Serbia and Montenegro is part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia which remained after Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Macedonia broke away from it. ... Serbia was formerly an autonomous principality (1817–1878), independent principality (1878–1882), independent kingdom (1882–1918), part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (1918–1941) (since 1929 the Kingdom of Yugoslavia), nazi occupied puppet state (1941–1944), socialist republic within Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (1945–1992) and... The history of Montenegro begins in the early Middle Ages, after the arrival of the Slavs into that part of the former Roman province of Dalmatia that forms present-day Montenegro. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in all south Slavic languages) is a term used for three separate but successive political entities that existed during most of the 20th century on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe. ...


Upon the breakup of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the remaining confederation of Serbia and Montenegro was reconstituted in 1992 as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY). However, the United Nations and many individual states (especially the United States) had refused to recognise it as the successor of the former Yugoslavia, although they accepted it as constituting a state. This was due to the ongoing Yugoslav wars, which had prevented agreement being reached on the disposition of federal assets and liabilities, particularly the national debt. The FRY was also suspended from a number of international institutions because of its perceived role in the wars. It was finally re-admitted to the United Nations in 2000 after several years of suspension. Official language Macedonian, Serbo-Croatian, Slovenian Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Area (1991)  - Total  - % water Ranked xxst 255,804 km² Negligible Population  - Total (2004)  - Density Ranked xxth 20,522,972 80/km² Currency Yugoslav dinar Time zone  - in summer CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) National anthem Hej, Sloveni/Slaveni... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... The United Nations (UN) is an international organization that describes itself as a global association of governments facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, and social equity. ... Succession of states is a concept in international politics regarding the acceptance by other states of a newly created states, based on a perceived historically relationship with a prior state. ... It has been suggested that Timeline of Yugoslavia be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the year 2000. ...


In 2002, Serbia and Montenegro came to a new agreement regarding continued co-operation, which, among other changes, promised the end of the name Yugoslavia. On February 4, 2003, the federal parliament of Yugoslavia created a loose commonwealth of Serbia and Montenegro called Serbia and Montenegro. A new Constitutional Charter was agreed to provide a framework for the governance of the country. For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sculpute:Play of Black Horses in front of the Parliament The Parliament of Serbia and Montenegro (Скупштина Србије и Црне Горе/Skupština Srbije i Crne Gore) is the national assembly of Serbia and Montenegro. ... // Definition and linguistics The original phrase common wealth or the common weal is a calque translation of the Latin term res publica (public thing), from which the word republic comes, which was itself used as a synonym for the Greek politeia as well as for the republican (i. ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official language Serbian1 Capital Belgrade Independence- Declared from the Ottoman Empire Gained autonomy 1817 Independence July 13, 1878 Area – Total – % water 88,361 km² n/a Population – Total (2002) (not including data for Kosovo and Metohia Province) – Density 7. ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official language Serbian Capital Podgorica Former Royal Capital Cetinje President Filip Vujanović Prime Minister Milo Đukanović Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  13,812 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ Density  616,258  48. ... The Constitutional Charter of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro came into force on 4 February 2003, and united Serbia and Montenegro under one government, replacing the earlier Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ...


Political divisions

Main article: Internal structure of Serbia and Montenegro

Serbia and Montenegro comprises four principal political units, consisting of two republics and two subordinate provinces: Serbia and Montenegro consists of two states, Serbia and Montenegro. ...

The country's political and administrative capital is Belgrade, while its judicial capital is Podgorica. Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official language Serbian1 Capital Belgrade Independence- Declared from the Ottoman Empire Gained autonomy 1817 Independence July 13, 1878 Area – Total – % water 88,361 km² n/a Population – Total (2002) (not including data for Kosovo and Metohia Province) – Density 7. ... Mayor Nenad Bogdanović Area 359. ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official languages Serbian, Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusin1 Capital Novi Sad Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  21,500 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2002)  â€“ Density  2,031,992  94. ... Motto: City for the citizens (Grad po meri graÄ‘ana) Executive government Mayor (Gradonačelnik) City council (SkupÅ¡tina Grada) Mayor Maja Gojković Area 235. ... For other uses, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... The United Nations (UN) is an international organization that describes itself as a global association of governments facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, and social equity. ... Pristina (Приштина) (Serbian) or Prishtinë/Prishtina (Albanian indefinite/definite form) is the capital city of Kosovo, a landlocked province of Serbia and Montenegro located at 42°40′N 21°10′E. It is estimated that the current population of PriÅ¡tina is as high as 500,000. ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official language Serbian Capital Podgorica Former Royal Capital Cetinje President Filip Vujanović Prime Minister Milo Đukanović Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  13,812 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ Density  616,258  48. ... Mayor Dr. Miomir MugoÅ¡a Area  - city  - municipality km² 1,399 km² Population  - city  - municipality 136,473 169,132 Time zone Summer Time CET (UTC +1) CEST (UTC +2) Founded 14th Century Latitude Longitude 42°47 N 19°28 E Area code +381 81 Car plates PG Official Website Podgorica...


Geography

Main article: Geography of Serbia and Montenegro

Serbia and Montenegro covers an area of 102,350 sq km, with 199 km of coastline. The country's terrain is extremely varied, with much of Serbia comprising plains and low hills (except in the more mountainous region of Kosovo) and much of Montenegro consisting of high mountains. Serbia is entirely landlocked, with the coastline belonging to Montenegro, which also possesses the only fjord in southern Europe. The climate is similarly varied. The north has a continental climate (cold winters and hot summers); the central region has a combination of a continental and Mediterranean climate; the south enjoys an Adriatic climate along the coast, with inland regions experiencing hot, dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall inland. Serbia and Montenegro controls one of the major land routes from Western Europe to Turkey and the Near East. ... Sognefjorden, Norway A fjord (or fiord) is a narrow inlet of the sea between cliffs or steep slopes, which results from marine inundation of a glaciated valley. ...


Belgrade, with its population of 1,280,639, is the country's largest and only significantly sized city. The country's other principal cities are Novi Sad, Niš, Kragujevac, Podgorica, Subotica, Priština, and Prizren, each with populations of about 100,000-250,000 people. Mayor Nenad Bogdanović Area 359. ... Motto: City for the citizens (Grad po meri graÄ‘ana) Executive government Mayor (Gradonačelnik) City council (SkupÅ¡tina Grada) Mayor Maja Gojković Area 235. ... Nis redirects here. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Mayor Dr. Miomir MugoÅ¡a Area  - city  - municipality km² 1,399 km² Population  - city  - municipality 136,473 169,132 Time zone Summer Time CET (UTC +1) CEST (UTC +2) Founded 14th Century Latitude Longitude 42°47 N 19°28 E Area code +381 81 Car plates PG Official Website Podgorica... Subotica city hall Subotica (Serbian: Суботица or Subotica, Hungarian: Szabadka, Croatian: Subotica, German: Mariatheresiopel, Slovak: Subotica, Rusin: Суботица, Romanian: Subotica or Subotita) is a city and municipality in northern Serbia and Montenegro, in the North Bačka District of Vojvodina, Serbia. ... Pristina (Приштина) (Serbian) or Prishtinë/Prishtina (Albanian indefinite/definite form) is the capital city of Kosovo, a landlocked province of Serbia and Montenegro located at 42°40′N 21°10′E. It is estimated that the current population of PriÅ¡tina is as high as 500,000. ... View of Prizren Prizren (Serbian Cyrillic Призрен; Albanian Prizreni) is an historic city located in Kosovo at 42. ...


Demographics

Main article: Demographics of Serbia and Montenegro

Serbia and Montenegro has more demographic variety than most other European countries. The three largest named nationalities are Serbs (62.3%), Albanians (mostly Ghegs) (16.6%) and Montenegrins (5%) according to the 1991 census. The country also has significant populations of Hungarians, Roma, Bulgarians, Macedonians, Romanians and other eastern Romance peoples (including Aromanians, Megleno-Romanians and Vlachs), and dozens of other Slavic denominations, namely Bosniaks, Croats, Bunjevci, Šokci, Goranci, Janjevci, Rusins, Slovaks, Muslims by nationality and Yugoslavs. Turkic subgroups still live in Kosovo (mostly Gagauz and Seljuks). There is a number of citizens who declare their nationality as Egyptian and Ashkali. These two were previously regarded as a part of Roma who are of the belief that they originated from present-day Egypt and Israel. Most of the ethnic diversity is situated in the provinces of Kosovo and Vojvodina, where smaller numbers of other minority groups may be found. The large Albanian population is chiefly concentrated in Kosovo, with smaller populations in the Preševo and Bujanovac municipalities in Central Serbia, and in the south-east of Montenegro (Ulcinj municipality). The large Bosniak population live in the Sandžak region on the border between Serbia and Montenegro. Population: 10,600,000 (Serbia - 9,981,929; Montenegro - 620,000) note: Age structure: 0-14 years: Serbia - 19. ... Serbs (in the Serbian language Срби, Srbi) are a south Slavic people living chiefly in Serbia and Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Montenegrins in Montenegro according to the 2003 census Montenegrins are South Slavic people who are primarily associated with the republic of Montenegro, a joint partner of the Serbia and Montenegro country. ... This is the current Article Improvement Drive collaboration! CAST YOUR VOTE for next weeks article Tzigane redirects here; for the composition by Maurice Ravel, see Tzigane (Ravel). ... Aromanian shepherd in traditional clothes, photo from the early 1900s. ... Megleno-Romanians (In Megleno-Romanian: VlaÅŸi, in Greek: Βλαχομογλενίτες; Vlachomoglenítes) is a disputed exonym for a people inhabiting six villages in the Moglená region spanning the Pella and Kilkis prefectures of Macedonia, Greece, as well as a single village across the border in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. ... Vlach folk dance from Timočka Krajina Vlachs (Vlach/Romanian: Vlahi, Serbian: Власи or Vlasi) are an ethnic group of Serbia, culturally and lingustically cognate to Romanians. ... Bosniaks (Bosnian: BoÅ¡njaci) are a South Slavic people living chiefly in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Sandžak region of Serbia and Montenegro. ... Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a south Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... Bunjevci (Serbian and Croatian: Bunjevci/Буњевци, singular Bunjevac/Буњевац, pronounced as Bunyevtzi and Bunyevatz, also in Hungarian: Bunjevácok) are a South Slav ethnic group originally from the Dinaric Alps region, now mostly living in the Bačka region (northern Serbia or Vojvodina) and southern Hungary (particularly in the Baja... Å okci are a small native South Slavic ethnic group living in the Vojvodina province of Serbia. ... Gorani are a Slavic ethnic group living in a region called Gora (Slavic for Mountain or Forest), just south of Prizren in the province of Kosovo, Serbia and Montenegro, and in the north-western Macedonia in the Å ar-planina region near Tetovo, as well as in the north-eastern Albania. ... Janjevci (Janjevs) are inhabitants of the Kosovo town of Janjevo and surrounding villages, located near Pristina as well as villages centered on Letnica near Vitina (Papare, Vrmez, Vrnavo Kolo). ... Rusins (meaning literally Rusyns, Ruthenians) is the name of a Slavic minority in Serbia and Croatia. ... Muslims by nationality was a term used in Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to describe people who spoke Serbo-Croatian language and professed Islam that werent identified as one of the other nations. ... The Yugoslavs were a relatively short-lived nationality that was created at the time of Yugoslavia. ... Ashkali (also Aschkali and Hashkali) are Albanian language speaking ethnic minority of Kosovo. ... For other uses, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official languages Serbian, Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusin1 Capital Novi Sad Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  21,500 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2002)  â€“ Density  2,031,992  94. ... PreÅ¡evo (Serbian: PreÅ¡evo or Прешево, Albanian: Preshevë or Presheva) is a town and municipality in Pčinja District of Central Serbia, Serbia and Montenegro, bordering the Republic of Macedonia, with Kosovos mountainous frontier in the visible western distance. ... Bujanovac (Бујановац) is a town and municipality in Pčinja District of Serbia, in south-eastern Serbia and Montenegro, situated in the PreÅ¡evo valley and close to the eastern extreme of Kosovo. ... The term Serbia proper is often used in English to refer to the part of Serbia that lies outside the northern and southern autonomous provinces of Kosovo and Vojvodina. ... Ulcinj (Serbian and Montenegrin: Ulcinj or Улцињ, Albanian: Ulqin, Italian: Dulcigno, Latin: Ulcinium or Olcinium) is a mainly Albanian inhabited coastal town and municipality of the Republic of Montenegro in Serbia and Montenegro. ... Map of Sandžak within Serbia and Montenegro Sandžak (Санџак) is a geographical region in Serbia and Montenegro. ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official language Serbian1 Capital Belgrade Independence- Declared from the Ottoman Empire Gained autonomy 1817 Independence July 13, 1878 Area – Total – % water 88,361 km² n/a Population – Total (2002) (not including data for Kosovo and Metohia Province) – Density 7. ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official language Serbian Capital Podgorica Former Royal Capital Cetinje President Filip Vujanović Prime Minister Milo Đukanović Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  13,812 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ Density  616,258  48. ...

Total Serbia-Montenegro - 10,019,657
  • Serbia (total): 9,396,411
    • Vojvodina: 2,116,725
    • Central Serbia: 5,479,686
    • Kosovo: 1,800,000
  • Montenegro: 623,246
  • Major cities (over 100,000 inhabitants) - 2002 data (2003 for Podgorica):
    • Beograd (Belgrade): 1,280,639 (1,574,050 metro)
    • Novi Sad: 215,600 (298,139 metro)
    • Priština: 200,000 (2002 estimation)
    • Niš: 173,390 (234,863 metro)
    • Kragujevac: 145,890 (175,182 metro)
    • Podgorica: 139,500 (169,000 metro)
    • Prizren: 121,000 (2002 estimation)
    • Subotica: 99,471 (147,758 metro)

For other uses, see Belgrade (disambiguation). ... Motto: City for the citizens (Grad po meri graÄ‘ana) Executive government Mayor (Gradonačelnik) City council (SkupÅ¡tina Grada) Mayor Maja Gojković Area 235. ... Pristina (Приштина) (Serbian) or Prishtinë/Prishtina (Albanian indefinite/definite form) is the capital city of Kosovo, a landlocked province of Serbia and Montenegro located at 42°40′N 21°10′E. It is estimated that the current population of PriÅ¡tina is as high as 500,000. ... Nis redirects here. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Mayor Dr. Miomir MugoÅ¡a Area  - city  - municipality km² 1,399 km² Population  - city  - municipality 136,473 169,132 Time zone Summer Time CET (UTC +1) CEST (UTC +2) Founded 14th Century Latitude Longitude 42°47 N 19°28 E Area code +381 81 Car plates PG Official Website Podgorica... View of Prizren Prizren (Serbian Cyrillic Призрен; Albanian Prizreni) is an historic city located in Kosovo at 42. ... Subotica city hall Subotica (Serbian: Суботица or Subotica, Hungarian: Szabadka, Croatian: Subotica, German: Mariatheresiopel, Slovak: Subotica, Rusin: Суботица, Romanian: Subotica or Subotita) is a city and municipality in northern Serbia and Montenegro, in the North Bačka District of Vojvodina, Serbia. ...

Economy

Main article: Economy of Serbia and Montenegro
A hyperinflation bill of 50 Billion dinars (1993)
A hyperinflation bill of 50 Billion dinars (1993)

Mismanagement of the economy, an extended period of economic sanctions, and the damage to Yugoslavia's infrastructure and industry caused by the Kosovo War have left the economy only half the size it was in 1990. Since the ousting of former Federal Yugoslav President Slobodan Milošević in October 2000, the Democratic Opposition of Serbia (DOS) coalition government has implemented stabilization measures and embarked on an aggressive market reform program. After renewing its membership in the International Monetary Fund in December 2000, Yugoslavia continued to reintegrate into the international community by rejoining the World Bank (IBRD) and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). A World Bank-European Commission sponsored Donors' Conference held in June 2001 raised $1.3 billion for economic restructuring. An agreement rescheduling the country's $4.5 billion Paris Club government debts was concluded in November 2001; it will write off 66% of the debt; a similar debt relief agreement on its $2.8 billion London Club commercial debt has been reached in July 2004; 62% of the debt have been written off. The economy of Serbia and Montenegro entered a prolonged decline in 1989. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1938x909, 395 KB) Summary 50-billion banknote of Yugoslavia Author: Marian Gladis Selfmade Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Serbia and Montenegro Yugoslavia Dinar Yugoslav dinar Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1938x909, 395 KB) Summary 50-billion banknote of Yugoslavia Author: Marian Gladis Selfmade Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Serbia and Montenegro Yugoslavia Dinar Yugoslav dinar Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... In economics, hyperinflation is inflation which is out of control, a condition in which prices increase rapidly as a currency loses its value. ... The word billion and its equivalents in other languages refer to one of two different numbers, depending on whether the writer is using the long or short scale. ... Yugoslav dinar was the official currency in the three historical Yugoslav states: the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, socialist Yugoslavia, and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ... The term Kosovo War or Kosovo Conflict is often used to describe two sequential and at times parallel armed conflicts (a civil war followed by an international war) in the southern Serbian province called Kosovo (officially Kosovo and Metohia), part of the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ... This article is about the year. ... Slobodan MiloÅ¡ević Slobodan MiloÅ¡ević (in English, Slobodan Milosevic) (help· info) (Serbian: Слободан Милошевић, pronounced []; August 20, 1941 – March 11, 2006) was a Serbian, Yugoslav leader. ... The Democratic Opposition of Serbia was an alliance of political parties in Serbia, formed as an alliance against the ruling Socialist Party of Serbia and its leader, Slobodan Milosevic. ... The logo of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is the international organization entrusted with overseeing the global financial system by monitoring exchange rates and balance of payments, as well as offering technical and financial assistance when asked. ... Logo of the World Bank The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD, in Romance languages: BIRD), better known as the World Bank, is an international organization whose original mission was to finance the reconstruction of nations devastated by WWII. Now, its mission has expanded to fight poverty by means... Founded in 1991, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) uses the tools of investment to help build market economies and democracies in 27 countries from central Europe to central Asia. ... The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive body of the European Union. ... The Paris Club is an informal group of financial officials from 19 of the worlds richest countries, which provides financial services such as debt restructuring, debt relief, and debt cancellation to indebted countries and their creditors. ... An informal group of private creditors on the international stage. ...


The smaller republic of Montenegro severed its economy from federal control and from Serbia during the Milošević era. Now both republics have separate central banks, different currencies - Montenegro uses the euro, while Serbia uses the Serbian dinar as official currency. The two states also have different customs tariffs, separate state budgets, police forces, governments. Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official language Serbian Capital Podgorica Former Royal Capital Cetinje President Filip Vujanović Prime Minister Milo Đukanović Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  13,812 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ Density  616,258  48. ... The euro (symbol: €; banking code: EUR) is the single currency of the following twelve European Union member states: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal and Spain; collectively also known as the eurozone. ...


The southern Serbian province of Kosovo, while formally still part of Serbia (according to United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244), is moving toward local autonomy under the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) and is dependent on the international community for financial and technical assistance. The euro and the Yugoslav dinar are official currencies, and UNMIK collects taxes and manages the budget. For other uses, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... The United Nations Mission in Kosovo or UNMIK is an interim civilian administration of the Serbian province (as part of Serbia and Montenegro) called Kosovo (officially Kosovo and Metohia), under the authority of the United Nations. ...


The complexity of Serbia and Montenegro's political relationships, slow progress in privatisation, and stagnation in the European economy are holding back the economy. Arrangements with the IMF, especially requirements for fiscal discipline, are an important element in policy formation. Severe unemployment remains a key political economic problem. Corruption also presents a major problem, with a large black market and a high degree of criminal involvement in the formal economy. The underground market is the part of economic activity involving illegal dealings, typically the buying and selling of merchandise illegally. ...

Economy statistics: Economy of Serbia

This article deals with the economy of the Serbian part of the European state of Serbia and Montenegro. ...

Transportation

Map of Serbia-Montenegro
Map of Serbia-Montenegro
Main article: Transportation in Serbia and Montenegro

Serbia, and in particular the valley of the Morava is often described as "the crossroads between the East and the West" - one of the primary reasons for its turbulent history. The valley is by far the easiest way of land travel from continental Europe to Greece and Asia Minor. Until the outbreak of the Yugoslav wars, the ironically-named Highway of Brotherhood and Unity running through Croatia, Serbia and Macedonia was one of the Europe's most important transport arteries. It is gradually resuming this role as the security situation is stabilized. Map of Serbia and Montenegro, from CIA World Factbook. ... Map of Serbia and Montenegro, from CIA World Factbook. ... Serbia, and in particular the valley of Morava is often described as the crossroad between the East and the West, which is one of primary reasons for its turbulent history. ... The Morava or Great Morava (Морава or Велика Морава) is a river in Serbia that flows into the Danube near Smederevo. ... The term Eastern world refers very broadly to the various cultures, social structures and philosophical systems of the East, namely Asia (including China, India, Japan, and surrounding regions). ... The term Western world or the West can have multiple meanings depending on its context. ... World map showing Europe Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiogeographic one. ... Anatolia (Greek: ανατολη anatole, rising of the sun or East; compare Orient and Levant, by popular etymology Turkish Anadolu to ana mother and dolu filled), also called by the Latin name of Asia Minor, is a region of Southwest Asia which corresponds today to the Asian portion of Turkey. ... The Autoput (Serbocroatian for motorway) is a motorway through Yugoslavia from the Austrian to the Greek border. ...


Major international highways going through Serbia are E75 and E70. E763/E761 is the most important route connecting Serbia with Montenegro. Europes road system incorporates a series of European routes, which are numbered E1 and up. ... The E75 is part of the Trans European Road Network, which is a series of main roads in the European Union. ...


The Danube, an important international waterway, flows through Serbia. The Danube (German: Donau, Slovak: Dunaj, Hungarian: Duna, Slovenian: Donava, Croatian: Dunav, Serbian: Дунав/Dunav, Bulgarian: Дунав, Romanian: Dunăre, Ukrainian: , Latin: Danuvius, Turkish: Tuna) is Europes second-longest river (after the Volga). ...


The largest seaport is Montenegro's Bar. Mayor Anka-Bećka Vojvodić Area  - city  - municipality 505 km² 598 km² Population  - city  - municipality 25,000 45,000 Time zone Summer Time CET (UTC +1) CEST (UTC +2) Founded VI Century AD as Antipargal (assumed) Latitude Longitude 42. ...


Holidays in Serbia and Montenegro

Holidays
Date Name Notes
January 1 New Year's Day (non-working holiday)
January 7 Orthodox Christmas (non-working)
January 14 National Holiday (Serbian New Year) "Српска Нова Година"
"Srpska Nova Godina"
January 27 Saint Sava's feast Day - Day of Spirituality
April 27 Constitution Day
April 29 Orthodox Good Friday Date for 2005 only
May 1 Orthodox Easter Date for 2005 only
May 2 Orthodox Easter Monday Date for 2005 only
May 1 Labour Day (non-working)
May 9 Victory Day
June 28 Vidovdan (Martyr's Day) In memory of soldiers fallen at the Battle of Kosovo
Holidays celebrated only in Serbia
Holidays celebrated only in Montenegro
  • July 13 - National Day (non-working)

January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... For information on the movie, New Years Day, see New Years Day (film). ... January 7 is the seventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. ... Christmas (literally, the Mass of Jesus Christ) is a traditional holiday observed on 25 December. ... January 14 is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Saint Sava Saint Sava (1175 or 1176 - January 12, 1235 or 1236), originally the prince Rastko Nemanjic (son of the Serbian ruler and founder of the Serbian medieval state Stefan Nemanja and brother of Stefan Prvovencani, first Serbian king), is the first Serb archbishop (1219-1233), the most important saint... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... Constitution Day is a holiday to honour the constitution of a country. ... April 29 is the 119th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (120th in leap years). ... Good Friday is a holy day celebrated by Christians on the Friday before Easter or Pascha. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... Easter is the most important religious holiday of the Christian liturgical year, observed in March, April, or May to celebrate the resurrection of Jesus, which Christians believe occurred after his death by crucifixion in AD 27-33 (see Good Friday). ... May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... Easter Monday is a Christian holiday celebrated the next day after Easter Sunday. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from the revision dated 2005-08-20, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (130th in leap years). ... Victory Day is the name of a public holiday in various countries to commemorate the victory in an important battle or war in the countrys history. ... (Some entries on this page have been duplicated on August 1. ... Vidovdan is a religious holiday, St. ... Historically, a martyr is a person who dies for their convictions or religious faith, such as during the persecution of early Christians in the Roman Empire. ... Combatants Ottoman Empire Serbia, Bosnia Commanders Murad I with his sons Bayazid I and Yakub Lazar Hrebeljanović, Vuk Branković, Vlatko Vuković Strength ~80,000-120,000 ~70,000 Casualties Murad I Lazar {{{notes}}} The Battle of Kosovo Polje (Косовска битка or Битка на Косову) was fought on St. ... February 15 is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... The National Day is a designated date on which celebrations mark the nationhood of a country. ... July 13 is the 194th day (195th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 171 days remaining. ...

Gallery

See also

Serbia and Montenegros beer (Serbian language: пиво/pivo) isnt really well-known or famous outside of its national borders, regardless of its quality. ... Telephones - main lines in use 2. ... Population: 10,600,000 (Serbia - 9,981,929; Montenegro - 620,000) note: Age structure: 0-14 years: Serbia - 19. ... // Ottoman Rule 15th century 1455: Turkish cadastral tax census (defter)[1] of the Brankovic dynasty lands (covering 80% of present-day Kosovo) recorded 480 villages, 13,693 adult males, 12,985 dwellings, 14,087 household heads (480 widows and 13,607 adult males). ... Vojvodinas demographic history reflects its rich history in invasions, colonizations and assimilation processes. ... This article presents the demographic history of Montenegro through census results. ... Since the breakup of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s, the foreign policy of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (renamed Serbia and Montenegro in 2003) was characterized primarily by a desire to secure its political and geopolitical position and the solidarity of ethnic Serbs in the... Serbia and Montenegro controls one of the major land routes from Western Europe to Turkey and the Near East. ... Geographical regions in Serbia This is a list of some of Geographical regions in Serbia and Montenegro. ... This is a list of cities in Serbia and Montenegro. ... This is a list of mountains in Serbia and Montenegro. ... This is a list of football clubs in Serbia and Montenegro: OFK Beograd www. ... On 4 February 2003 parliament of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia agreed to a weaker form of cooperation between Serbia and Montenegro within a commonwealth called Serbia and Montenegro. After June 1999, Kosovo was made a United Nations protectorate, under the UN Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) based in Priština. ... The military of Serbia and Montenegro includes the Army of Serbia and Montenegro (Vojska Srbije i Crne Gore - VSCG), which includes ground forces with internal and border troops, naval forces, air and air defense forces, and civil defense. ... Serbia and Montenegro is a Balkan country, recently ravaged by war that has caused widespread migration and cultural oppression. ... federal membership badge of Savez Izviđača Jugoslavije. ... First international Brazil 2 - 0 Yugoslavia (Porto Alegre, Brazil; 23 December 1994) Serbia and Montenegro 2 - 2 Azerbaijan (Podgorica, SCG; 12 February 2003) Largest win Faroe Islands 1 - 8 Yugoslavia (Toftir, Faroe Islands; 6 October 1996) Worst defeat Netherlands 6 - 1 Yugoslavia (Rotterdam, Netherlands; 25 June 2000) Czech Republic 5...

External links

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General and governmental links

Other external links


Flag of Serbia and Montenegro State Union of Serbia and Montenegro Flag of Montenegro

Republics: Serbia | Montenegro Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia_and_Montenegro. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia_(state). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Montenegro. ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official language Serbian1 Capital Belgrade Independence- Declared from the Ottoman Empire Gained autonomy 1817 Independence July 13, 1878 Area – Total – % water 88,361 km² n/a Population – Total (2002) (not including data for Kosovo and Metohia Province) – Density 7. ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official language Serbian Capital Podgorica Former Royal Capital Cetinje President Filip Vujanović Prime Minister Milo Đukanović Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  13,812 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ Density  616,258  48. ...

Autonomous provinces of Serbia: Kosovo and Metohija | Vojvodina For other uses, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official languages Serbian, Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusin1 Capital Novi Sad Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  21,500 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2002)  â€“ Density  2,031,992  94. ...


 
 

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