FACTOID # 6: Michigan is ranked 22nd in land area, but since 41.27% of the state is composed of water, it jumps to 11th place in total area.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > State Legislature

State legislatures are the lawmaking bodies of the 50 states in the United States of America. They are the legislative branch at the state level of government, and (generally) perform many of the same duties on the state level that the U.S. Congress performs on the federal level. As a rule, state legislative branches are checked in power by a state executive officer (a governor) and a state judiciary, though the degree to which this is so varies from one state to the next. Congress in Joint Session. ... // Legislative branch Article I of the Constitution grants all legislative powers of the federal government to the Congress, which is divided into two chambers, a Senate and a House of Representatives. ... The doctrine and practice of dispersing political power and creating mutual accountability between political entities such as the courts, the president or prime minister, the legislature, and the citizens. ... A governor is an official who heads the government of a colony, state or other sub-national state unit. ... The judiciary, also referred to as the judicature, consists of the system of courts of law for the administration of justice and to its principals, the justices, judges and magistrates among other types of adjudicators. ...


A state legislature will usually go into session shortly after the first of the year and remain in session — for several months in states where the legislature is part-time and year around in states where the legislature is full-time — considering matters referred to it by the governor of the state or introduced by members. Business and other special interest organizations often lobby the legislature to obtain or favorably influence legislation. State legislatures approve or rewrite the state's budget recommended by the Governor. A legislature is a governmental deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ... Lobbying is the practice of private advocacy with the goal of influencing a governing body, in order to ensure that an individuals or organizations point of view is represented in the government. ...


Every state except Nebraska has a bicameral legislature, meaning that the legislature consists of two separate legislative bodies (or "houses"); Nebraska has a one-house, or unicameral legislature. Prior to United States Supreme Court decisions in the 1960s, many state legislatures were organized so that each body represented citizens according to a different principle; for example, by small single-member districts in the lower chamber and at large by county in the upper. Since the "one man, one vote" principle was definitively applied to state legislatures (but not to the U.S. Senate upon which these upper bodies were based), those states have been forced to adopt other systems for electing members to the upper body, most commonly by adding periodic reapportionment to the existing scheme in that body. For example, in Vermont, state senators were formerly elected at large, two to a county – regardless of that county's size. Now, they are elected at large, from senatorial districts of comparable population. It is often possible in such systems to elect different majority parties in the two chambers. State nickname: Cornhusker State Official languages English Capital Lincoln Largest city Omaha Governor Dave Heineman (R) Senators Chuck Hagel (R) Ben Nelson (D) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 16th 200,520 km² 0. ... In government, bicameralism is the practice of having two legislative or parliamentary chambers. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States... The 1960s in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1960 and 1969, but the expression has taken on a wider meaning over the past twenty years. ... Seal of the Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... State nickname: The Green Mountain State Official languages None Capital Montpelier Largest city Burlington Governor Jim Douglas (R) Senators Patrick Leahy (D) Jim Jeffords (I) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 43th 24,923 km² 3. ...


State legislatures appointed the U.S. Senators from their respective states until the ratification of the 17th Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1917 brought about the direct election of Senators by the voters. Seal of the Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... (Redirected from 17th Amendment to the United States Constitution) Amendment XVII (the Seventeenth Amendment) of the United States Constitution passed on April 8, 1913 and first in effect for the election of 1914, amends Article 1 Section 3 of the Constitution to provide for the direct election of Senators by... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ...


Under the terms of Article V of the United States Constitution, state lawmakers retain the power to ratify amendments to the U.S. Constitution which have been proposed by Congress and they also retain the ability to "apply" for a national convention to propose amending the nation's highest legal document. Article Five of the United States Constitution describes the process whereby the Constitution may be altered. ... The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United States of America. ... Besides the more common method of constitutional amendment, there is an option to call a Convention to propose amendments to the U.S. Constitution // Means of calling Article V of the Constitution requires Congress to start a convention to propose constitutional amendments when â…”s of the State legislatures request it. ...


There are about 7,500 state legislators in the United States. The legislatures employ many staff aides to help prepare and analyze legislation, to review and amend submitted budgets, and to help solve constituent problems with state government.


State legislatures have generally grown in importance over time, especially in the states without term limits. Longtime Pennsylvania state legislator Mark B. Cohen has said: "The biggest change during my tenure in the legislature has been the rise of the individual legislator. Time and again, individual legislators have shown that they have answers for pressing problems that command the support to be enacted into law." A term limit is a provision of a constitution, statute or bylaw which limits the number of terms a person may serve in a particular elected office. ... State nickname: The Keystone State Official languages None Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Governor Ed Rendell (D) Senators Arlen Specter (R) Rick Santorum (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 33rd 119,283 km² 2. ...


Many members of state legislatures meet every year at the annual meeting, and other meetings, of the National Conference of State Legislatures, which is headquartered in Denver, Colorado and has a lobbying office in Washington, D.C. The American Legislative Exchange Council, a conservative organization focusing on state legislatures, also has an annual meeting attracting many legislators. Denver skyline, 1999. ... Washington, D.C. is the capital city of the United States of America. ... The American Legislative Exchange Council, or ALEC, is a non-partisan, non-profit membership association of state legislators. ...


The legislature is frequently called "The Legislature", and is comprized of a House and Senate, as in the Congress of the United States, however in some states, particularly older ones, the state legislature has other names, such as General Assembly (Either the whole legislature or just the lower house), or General Court (The whole legislature of New Hampshire and Massachusetts). Congress in Joint Session. ...


See also

Legislatures of the 50 States The current party composition of the 50 state legislatures is: 20 Republican Legislatures 19 Democratic Legislatures 10 Divided Legislatures (The upper and lower houses are controlled by different parties) 1 Non-Partisan Legislature Notes: The Party Strengths column indicates the number of seats belonging to... This is a list of the Legislative Assemblies of Canadas provinces and territories. ... The Parliaments of the Australian states and territories are legislative bodies within the federal framework of the Commonwealth of Australia. ...

External link

  • National Conference of State Legislatures

  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia: State legislature (1399 words)
State legislatures are the lawmaking bodies of the 50 states in the United States of America.
State legislatures appointed the U.S. Senators from their respective states until the ratification of the 17th Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1917 brought about the direct election of Senators by the voters.
Legislatures of the 50 States The current party composition of the 50 state legislatures is: 20 Republican Legislatures 19 Democratic Legislatures 10 Divided Legislatures (The upper and lower houses are controlled by different parties) 1 Non-Partisan Legislature Notes: The Party Strengths column indicates the number of seats belonging to...
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m