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Encyclopedia > State Council of the People's Republic of China
Politics - Politics portal
People's Republic of China

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
the People's Republic of China
Politics, sometimes defined as the art and science of government. ... Image File history File links National_emblem_of_the_People's_Republic_of_China. ... This article is on the politics of mainland China. ...

Constitution
President: Hu Jintao
National People's Congress
   Standing Committee
Premier: Wen Jiabao
State Council
People's Liberation Army
Central Military Commission
Law of the PRC
Supreme People's Court
Supreme People's Procuratorate
Political Parties
CPPCC
Communist Party of China
   Constitution
   General Secretary
   National Congress
   Central Committee
   Secretariat
   Politburo
      Standing Committee
Elections

Foreign relations
Foreign aid The President of the Peoples Republic of China (Simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和国主席; Hanyu Pinyin: , or abbreviated Guójiā ZhÇ”xí 国家主席) is the head of state of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Hú Jǐntāo (born December 21, 1942) is the fourth and current President of the Peoples Republic of China and General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, succeeding Jiang Zemin in the Fourth Generation Leadership of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Great Hall of the People, where the NPC convenes The National Peoples Congress (全国人民代表大会 in Pinyin: Quánguó Rénmín Dàibiǎo Dàhuì, literally Pan-Nation Congress of the Peoples Representatives), abbreviated PNCOTPR, is the highest legislative body in the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Standing Committee of the National Peoples Congress (NPCSC; Chinese: 全国人民代表大会常务委员会, pinyin: Quánguó Rénmín Dàibiǎo Dàhuì Chángwù Wěiyuánhuì) is a committee of about 150 members of the National Peoples Congress (NPC) of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), which is convened between plenary sessions of the NPC... The Premier ( Chinese: 总理 pinyin: zŏnglĭ), sometimes referred to as the Prime Minister, is the Chairman of the State Council of the Peoples Republic of China and head of Central Peoples Government. ... Wen Jiabao (Simplified Chinese: 温家宝; Traditional Chinese: 溫家寶; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Wen Chia-pao) (born September 1942) is the Premier of the State Council of the Peoples Republic of China. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Central Military Commission (Chinese: 中央军事委员会 pinyin: Zhōngyāng JÅ«nshì WÄ›iyuánhuì ) refers to one of two bodies within the Peoples Republic of China. ... Law of the Peoples Republic of China is the legal regime of the Peoples Republic of China, incorporating the separate legal traditions and systems of Mainland China, Hong Kong and Macao. ... The Supreme Peoples Court (最高人民法院; pinyin: Zuìgāo Rénmín FÇŽyuàn) is the highest court in the judicial system of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Supreme Peoples Procuratorate (simplified Chinese: 最高人民检察院; pinyin: Zuìgāo Rénmín FÇŽyuàn Jiānchá Yùan) is the highest agency at the national level responsible for prosecution in the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Peoples Republic of China is in many regards a single-party state. ... The Chinese Peoples Political Consultative Conference (中国人民政治协商会议 Pinyin: Zhongguo renmin zhengzhi xieshang huiyi), abbreviated CPPCC, is an advisory body in the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Communist Party of China (CPC) (official name) or Chinese Communist Party (CCP) (Simplified Chinese: 中国共产党; Traditional Chinese: 中國共産黨; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The General Secretary of the Communist Party of China Central Committee (Chinese: 中国共产党中央委员会总书记 pinyin: Zhōngguó GòngchÇŽndÇŽng Zhōngyāng WÄ›iyuánhuì ZÇ’ngshÅ«jì) is the highest ranking official within the Communist Party of China and heads the Secretariat of the Communist Party of China. ... The National Congress of the Communist Party of China (中国共产党全国代表大会 Pinyin: Zhōnguó GòngchÇŽndÇŽng Quánguó DàibiÇŽo Dàhuì) is a party congress that is held about once every five years. ... The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (Chinese: 中国共产党中央委员会 pinyin: Zhōngguó GòngchÇŽndÇŽng Zhōngyāng WÄ›iyuánhuì) is the highest authority within the Communist Party of China between Party Congresses. ... The Secretariat of the Communist Party of China Central Committee (Chinese: 中国共产党中央委员会书记处 pinyin: Zhōngguó GòngchÇŽndÇŽng Zhōngyāng WÄ›iyuánhuì ShÅ«jìchù) is the permanent bureaucracy of the Communist Party of China and forms a parallel structure to state organizations in the Peoples Republic... The Politburo of the Communist Party of China ( Chinese: 中国共产党中央政治局 pinyin: Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng Zhōngyāng Zhèngzhìjú) is a group of 19 to 25 people who oversee the Communist Party of China. ... The Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China (Chinese: 中国共产党中央政治局常务委员会 pinyin: Zhōngguó GòngchÇŽndÇŽng Zhōngyāng Zhèngzhìjú Chángwù WÄ›iyuánhuì) is a committee whose membership varies between 5 and 9 and includes the top leadership of the Communist Party of China. ... Elections in the Peoples Republic of China take two forms: elections for selected local government positions in selected rural villages, and elections by Communist Party peoples congresses for the national legislature: the National Peoples Congress (Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui). ... The foreign relations of the Peoples Republic of China draws upon traditions extending back to China in the Qing dynasty and the Opium Wars, despite China having undergone some radicial upheavals over the past two centuries. ... Foreign aid to the Peoples Republic of China takes the form of both bilateral and multilateral official development assistance and official aid to individual recipients. ...

See also
   Politics of Hong Kong
   Politics of Macau

On July 1, 1997, Hong Kong was resumed to Chinese control, when the sovereignty of Hong Kong was transferred to the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), ending more than 150 years of British colonial control. ... In accordance with Article 31 of the Constitution of the Peoples Republic of China, Macau has Special Administrative Region status, which provides constitutional guarantees for implementing the policy of one country, two systems and the constitutional basis for enacting the Basic Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region. ...

The State Council (国务院, pinyin: Guówùyuàn), which is largely synonymous with the Central People's Government (中央人民政府), is the chief administrative authority of the People's Republic of China. It is chaired by the Premier and includes the heads of each governmental department and agency. There are about 50 members in the Council. In the politics of the People's Republic of China, the Central People's Government forms one of three interlocking branches of power, the others being the Communist Party of China and the People's Liberation Army. The State Council directly oversees the various subordinate People's Governments in the provinces and is responsible for implementing policies proposed by the Communist Party. Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: 汉语拼音; Traditional Chinese: 漢語拼音; Hanyu Pinyin: , lit. ... The Premier ( Chinese: 总理 pinyin: zŏnglĭ), sometimes referred to as the Prime Minister, is the Chairman of the State Council of the Peoples Republic of China and head of Central Peoples Government. ... This article is on the politics of mainland China. ... The Communist Party of China (CPC) (official name) or Chinese Communist Party (CCP) (Simplified Chinese: 中国共产党; Traditional Chinese: 中國共産黨; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Contents


Organization

Standing Committee members of the State Council include the premier, four vice-premiers, five state councilors, and the secretary-general. The State Council meets once a month. Its standing committee meets twice a week.


The vice-premiers and state councilors are nominated by the premier, and appointed by the president with National People's Congress' (NPC) approval. The premier is nominated and appointed by the president with NPC approval. Incumbents may serve two successive five-year terms. The Great Hall of the People, where the NPC convenes The National Peoples Congress (全国人民代表大会 in Pinyin: Quánguó Rénmín Dàibiǎo Dàhuì, literally Pan-Nation Congress of the Peoples Representatives), abbreviated PNCOTPR, is the highest legislative body in the Peoples Republic of China. ...


Each vice premier oversees certain areas of administration. Each State Councilor performs duties as designated by the Premier. The secretary-general heads the General Office which handles the day-to-day work of the State Council. This secretary-general has relative little power and should not be confused with the Secretary General of the Communist Party of China. The General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (Chinese: 中国共产党中央委员会总书记 pinyin: Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng Zhōngyāng Wěiyuánhuì Zǒngshūjì) is the highest ranking official within the Communist Party of China and heads the Secretariat of the Communist Party of China. ...


Each ministry supervises one sector. Commissions outrank ministries and set policies for and coordinate the related activities of different administrative organs. Offices deal with matters of ongoing concern. Bureaus and administrations rank below ministries.


Although formally responsible to the NPC and its Standing Committee in conducting a wide range of government functions both at the national and at the local levels, in practice the NPC's actual authority is rather limited, although it is not completely non-existent. The State Council acts according by virtue of the authority of the NPC, and there have been at least one case where the NPC has outright rejected an initiative of the State Council and a few cases where the State Council has withdrawn or greatly modified a proposal in response to NPC opposition. The Standing Committee of the National Peoples Congress (NPCSC; Chinese: 全国人民代表大会常务委员会, pinyin: Quánguó Rénmín Dàibiǎo Dàhuì Chángwù Wěiyuánhuì) is a committee of about 150 members of the National Peoples Congress (NPC) of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), which is convened between plenary sessions of the NPC...


The State Council and the Communist Party of China are also tightly interlocked. Most of the members of the State Council are high level party members. Although, as party members, they are supposed to follow party instructions, because they tend to be senior members of the party they also have large amounts of influence over what those instructions are. This results in a system which is unlike the Soviet practice in which the Party effectively controlled the state. Rather the party and state are fused at this level of government. The members of the State Council derive their authority from being members of the state, while as members of the Party they coordinate their activities and determine key decisions such as the naming of personnel. The Communist Party of China (CPC) (official name) or Chinese Communist Party (CCP) (Simplified Chinese: 中国共产党; Traditional Chinese: 中國共産黨; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China. ...


Although there were attempts to separate the party and state in the late 1980s under Zhao Ziyang and have the Party in charge of formulating policy and the State Council executing policy, these efforts were largely abandoned in the early 1990s. Zhao Ziyang (Simplified: 赵紫阳; Traditional: 趙紫陽; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chao Tzu-yang) (October 17, 1919–January 17, 2005) was a politician in the Peoples Republic of China. ...


As the chief administrative organ of government, its main functions are to formulate administrative measures, issue decisions and orders, and monitor their implementation; draft legislative bills for submission to the NPC or its Standing Committee; and prepare the economic plan and the state budget for deliberation and approval by the NPC. The State Council is the functional center of state power and clearinghouse for government initiatives at all levels. With the government's emphasis on economic modernization, the State Council clearly acquired additional importance and influence.


Despite the inclusion of the Ministry for National Defence in the State Council, it does not control the People's Liberation Army which functions independently of the state council. Ministry of National Defense of PRC The Ministry of National Defense (中国国防部) of the Peoples Republic of China is a ministry under the State Council. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Principal officers

Wen Jiabao (Simplified Chinese: 温家宝; Traditional Chinese: 溫家寶; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Wen Chia-pao) (born September 1942) is the Premier of the State Council of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Huang Ju (黄菊, Pinyin: Huáng Jú) (born September 1939) is the Executive Vice Premier of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Vice-premier Wu Yi Wú Yí (吴仪) (born 1938 in Wuhan, China) is one of four vice-premiers of the State Council of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Zeng Peiyan (born December 1938 in Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province) is a Chinese politician. ... Hui Liangyu (born 1938) is the Vice Premier of China in charge of agriculture. ...

Ministries and Commissions of the State Council

  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  • Ministry of National Defence
  • National Development and Reform Commission
  • Ministry of Education
  • Ministry of Science and Technology
  • State Commission of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defence
  • State Ethnic Affairs Commission
  • Ministry of Public Security
  • Ministry of State Security
  • Ministry of Supervision
  • Ministry of Civil Affairs
  • Ministry of Justice
  • Ministry of Finance
  • Ministry of Personnel
  • Ministry of Labour and Social Security
  • Ministry of Land and Resources
  • Ministry of Construction
  • Ministry of Railways
  • Ministry of Communications
  • Ministry of Information Industry
  • Ministry of Water Resources
  • Ministry of Agriculture
  • Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM)
  • Ministry of Culture
  • Ministry of Health
  • National Population and Family Planning Commission
  • People's Bank of China
  • State Auditing Office

Ministry of National Defense of PRC The Ministry of National Defense (中国国防部) of the Peoples Republic of China is a ministry under the State Council. ... The Peoples Republic of China State Education Commission, headquartered in Beijing, is the PRC agency of the State Council which regulates all aspects of the educational system in mainland China. ... The Ministry of Public Security (公安部, pinyin: gōng ān bù) is the principal police authority in mainland China and the agency that is responsible for most of the day-to-day police work in mainland China. ... The Ministry of State Security (MSS) (simplified Chinese: 国家安全部; pinyin: Guojia Anquan Bu , or Guoanbu) is the security agency of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Ministry of Finance Peoples Republic of China is a ministry of the State Council of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Ministry of Commerce of the Peoples Republic of China (MOFCOM) is one of the ministries of the State Council of China. ... The Peoples Bank of China (中国人民银行, pinyin: Zhōngguó Rénmín Yínháng ) (not to be confused with the Bank of China or the Central Bank of China) is the central bank of the Peoples Republic of China with the power to control monetary policy and regulate...

Special Commission directly under State Council

  • State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission

Bureaux and Administrations under the State Council

  • General Administration of Customs
  • State Administration of Taxation
  • State Administration for Industry and Commerce
  • General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine
  • State Environmental Protection Administration
  • Civil Aviation Administration of China
  • State Administration of Radio, Film and Television
  • General Administration of Press and Publication
  • State Sports General Administration
  • National Bureau of Statistics
  • State Forestry Administration
  • State Food and Drug Administration
  • State Administration of Work Safety
  • State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO)
  • National Tourism Administration
  • State Administration for Religious Affairs
  • Counselor's Office under the State Council
  • Bureau of Government Offices Administration

Known by the acronym CAAC, with the official name of General Administration of Civil Aviation of China (中国民用航空总局, pinyin Zhongguo Renyong Hangkong Zongju). ... The State Administration of Radio, Film, and Television, or SARFT, (Chinese: 国家广播电影电视总局令; Pinyin: ) is an executive branch under the State Council of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

Offices

  • Foreign Affairs Office
  • Office of Overseas Chinese Affairs
  • Office of the State Council
  • Taiwan Affairs Office
  • Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office
  • Legislative Affairs Office
  • State Economic Restructuring Office
  • Information Office
  • Research Office

The Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council (Simplified Chinese: 国务院台湾事务办公室, sometimes abbreviated to 国台办) is an administrative agency under the State Council of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Information Office of the State Council is an administrative office under the State Council, the chief administrative body of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

Institutions

Front gate of the main building of Xinhua News Agency in Beijing The Xinhua News Agency (Simplified Chinese: 新华社; Traditional Chinese: 新華社; pinyin: ), or NCNA (New China News Agency), is the official press agency of the government of the Peoples Republic of China and the biggest center for collecting information and... The China News Service (中国新闻社; pinyin: Zhong1 Guo2 Xin1 Wen2 She4, or 中新社 zhong1 xin1 she4 for short) is the second largest news agency in Mainland China. ... The Chinese Academy of Sciences (中国科学院), formerly known as Academia Sinica (not to be confused with the Academia Sinica currently headquartered in Taipei), is the national academy for the natural sciences of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (中国社会科学院) is the national academy of the Peoples Republic of China for the social sciences. ... The Chinese Academy of Engineering (Chinese: 中国工程院; Pinyin: Zhõngguó Gõngchéng Yuàn) is the national academy of the Peoples Republic of China for engineering. ... The China Securities Regulatory Commission (zh: 中国证券监督管理委员会) is an institution of the State Council of China. ...

Bureaux supervised by commissions and ministries

  • State Bureau for Letters and Calls
  • State Grain Bureau
  • State Tobacco Monopoly Industry Bureau
  • State Bureau of Foreign Experts Affairs
  • State Oceanography Bureau
  • State Bureau of Surveying & Mapping
  • State Postal Bureau
  • State Bureau of Cultural Relics
  • State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine
  • State Administration of Foreign Exchange

External links

  • The Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China
  • Information and list of incumbents

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