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Encyclopedia > Staryi Krym
Staryi Krym
Старий Крим
Старый Крым
Eski Qırım
Region of Crimea: Kirovskyi raion
Location: 45°2′N 35°6′E
Altitude: ~300 m
Area: 9,97 km²
Population: 9 960 (2001)
Density: 1000 /km²
Postal codes: 97345
Phone prefix: +380-6555
Time zone: EET: UTC+2
Previous name: Solkhat (till XIV cent.)
[ official web-site]

Staryi Krym (Ukrainian: Старий Крим, Russian: Старый Крым, Crimean Tatar: Eski Qırım) is a small historical town in the Eastern Crimea, approximately 25 km (15 mi.) west of Theodosia. Population of Staryi Krym in 2001 was 9,960 people. Time zones of Europe: Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Image File history File links Reddot. ... Crimean Tatar language (Qırımtatar tili, Qırımtatarca), also known as Crimean (Qırım tili, Qırımca) and Crimean Turkish (Qırım Türkçesi) is the language of the Crimean Tatars. ... Motto: Процветание в единстве - Prosperity in unity Anthem: Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина - Your fields and mounts are wonderful, Motherland Capital Simferopol Largest cities Simferopol, Eupatoria, Kerch, Theodosia, Yalta Official language Ukrainian. ... Theodosia (Russian: Феодосия; Ukrainian: Феодосія; Greek: Θεοδωσία; Crimean Tatar/Turkish: Kefe) is a port and resort city in southern Ukraine, located on the Black Sea coast of Crimea at coordinates 45. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ...


The town has a long history. It was founded probably in the first half of the thirteenth century when Crimea was taken by Batu Khan. The Mongols fortified the city and since then it became a capital of the Crimean Yurt (Crimean province of the Golden Horde) and a home for the Emir of Crimea. During this period the city had two names at the same time: Turkic-speaking inhabitants of the Crimean Yurt named it Qırım (Crimean Tatar: qırım - my hill), while Italian traders usually called it Solcati (Italian: solcata - furrow, ditch). Solkhat is a turkified form of the Italian name. The Turkic name of the city - Qırım was eventually given to the whole peninsula. (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Batu Khan (Russian: ) (c. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... The Golden Horde was a Mongol state established in parts of present-day Russia, Ukraine, and Kazakhstan after the break up of the Mongol Empire in the 1240s. ... Crimean Tatar language (Qırımtatar tili, Qırımtatarca), also known as Crimean (Qırım tili, Qırımca) and Crimean Turkish (Qırım Türkçesi) is the language of the Crimean Tatars. ...

In the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries the city of Qırım was a large, prosperous city referred to by the Arabic contemporaries as the second Baghdad. From that period remain the ruins of a mosque and madrassa, built in 1314 by Uzbeg Khan. After moving the capital of the Crimean Khanate to Bakhchisaray the city declined into relative obscurity. 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... The Arabs (Arabic: عرب ) are an ethnic group found throughout the Middle East and North Africa. ... Location of Baghdad within Iraq Baghdad (Arabic: ‎ translit: , Kurdish: Bexda, from Persian Baagh-daad or Bag-Da-Du meaning “Garden of God” [1]) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... The Badshahi Masjid in Lahore, Pakistan with an iwan at center, three domes, and five visible minarets A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... A Madrasah complex in Gambia Ulugh Beg Madrasa, Samarkand, ca. ... Events June 24 - Battle of Bannockburn. ... Mikhail of Tver before Uzbeg Khan, by Vasili Vereshchagin. ... Bakhchisaray (Crimean Tatar: Bağçasaray, Ukrainian: , Russian: ), a town in Central Crimea, centre of the Bakhchisaray raion (district), former capital of the Crimean Khanate. ...


Since the annexation of Crimea by Catherine II of Russia in 1783, the town is known by the Russian name Staryi Krym (literally "Old Crimea" - Russian translation of the original Crimean Tatar name Eski Qırım). It was the city where the famous Russian writer Alexander Grin lived and died, and now has a museum dedicated to him. Catherine II of Russia Catherine II of Russia, called the Great (Russian: Екатерина II Великая or Yekaterina II Velikaya, 2 May 1729 — 6 November [O.S. 17 November] 1796), born Sophie Augusta Fredericka of Anhalt-Zerbst) — sometimes referred to as an epitome of the enlightened despot — reigned as Empress of Russia for... 1783 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Alexander Grin (Russian: , born August 23, 1880, died July 7, 1932) was a Russian writer, notable for his romantic novels and short stories, mostly set in an unnamed fantasy land with a European or Latin American flavor (Grins fans often refer to this land as Grinlandia). ...


The city is home to an important cardiac sanatorium, formerly run by notable heart surgeon Nikolai Amosov. Cardiology is the branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the heart and blood vessels. ... Sanatório Heliantia A sanatorium refers to a medical facility for long-term illness, typically cholera or tuberculosis. ... A thoracic surgeon performs a mitral valve replacement at the Fitzsimons Army Medical Center, November 1990. ... Nikolai Amosov (1913-2002) was a groundbreaking Ukrainian heart surgeon, inventor, best-selling author, and exercise enthusiast, known for his inventions of several innovative surgical procedures for treating heart defects. ...


External links

  • http://www.qurultay.org/linkshow.asp?AD=../links/eng/history/state/2_1.html
  • http://www.iccrimea.org/monuments/monuments.html
  • http://tatarworld.com/history.htm
  • http://www2.let.uu.nl/Solis/anpt/ejos/pdf4/24Kancal.pdf
  • http://www.go2crimea.com/en/index.php?p=31&s=10
  • http://www.zum.de/whkmla/region/russia/crimeapre1478.html
  • http://www.ccssu.crimea.ua/eng/crimea/sights/architec/temples/uzbekhan/index.html
  • http://archnet.org/library/places/one-place.tcl?place_id=8092


Coat of Arms of Crimea Subdivisions of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Ukraine Flag of Ukraine
Raions:

Bakhchisaray raion | Bilohirsk raion | Chornomorske raion | Dzhankoy raion | Kirovske raion | Krasnohvardiyske raion  Krasnoperekopsk raion | Lenine raion | Nizhnyohirskyi raion | Pervomayske raion | Rozdolne raion | Saky raion | Simferopol raion | Sovetskyi raion Image File history File links Crimea_Emblem. ... Motto: Процветание в единстве - Prosperity in unity Anthem: Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина - Your fields and mounts are wonderful, Motherland Capital Simferopol Largest cities Simferopol, Eupatoria, Kerch, Theodosia, Yalta Official language Ukrainian. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... See rayon for the textile made of processed cellulose. ... Bakhchisaray raion (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Byelogorsk raion (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Chornomorske raion (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Dzhankoy raion (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Kirovske raion (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ...

City Municipalities:

Alushta municipality | Armyansk municipality | Dzhankoy municipality | Eupatoria municipality | Kerch municipality | Krasnoperekopsk municipality | Saky municipality | Simferopol municipality | Sudak municipality | Theodosia municipality | Yalta municipality Alushta city municipality (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ), officially the territory governed by the Alushta city council, also known as Greater Alushta is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Armyansk city municipality (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Dzhankoy (Ukrainian and Russian: Джанкой, Crimean Tatar: ) is a city in the north of Crimea, Ukraine, and the capital of Dzhankoy raion. ... Eupatoria city municipality (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) officially the territory governed by the Eupatoria city council is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Kerch (Ukrainian: Керч, Russian: , Crimean Tatar: , Old East Slavic: Корчев) is a city (2001 pop 157,000) on the Kerch Peninsula of eastern Crimea, an important industrial, transportation and tourist center of Ukraine. ... Krasnoperekopsk (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a city in Crimea, Ukraine which is located on the southern part of the Perekop Isthmus, on the shore of the Stare lake, and about 124km from the Crimean capital, Simferopol. ... Simferopol city municipality (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) officially the territory governed by the Simferopol city council is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Sudak city municipality (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ), officially the territory governed by the Sudak city council is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Theodosia city municipality (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ), officially the territory governed by the Theodosia city council, is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Yalta city municipality (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ), officially the territory governed by the Yalta city council, also known as Greater Yalta is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ...

Cities and towns:

Alupka | Alushta | Armyansk | Balaklava | Bakhchisaray | Bilohirsk | Chornomorske | Gaspra | Gurzuf | Dzhankoy | Eupatoria | Foros | Inkerman | Kacha | Kerch | Koktebel | Koreiz | Kirovske | Krasnohvardiyske | Krasnoperekopsk | Lenine | Livadiya | Massandra | Nizhnyohirskyi | Nikita | Novyi Svet | Partenit | Pervomayske | Perekop | Rozdolne | Saky | Shcholkine | Sevastopol | Simeiz | Simferopol | Sovetskyi | Staryi Krym | Sudak | Theodosia | Yalta Urban-type settlement (Russian: , posyolok gorodskogo tipa; Ukrainian: , selyshche miskoho typu; abbreviated as in Russian and as in Ukrainian) is an official designation for a certain type of urban settlements used in some of the countries of the former Soviet Union. ... Alupka is a resort town in the Crimea, Ukraine, situated 17 km to the west of Yalta. ... Alushta, called Aluston in the Byzantine Empire, is a resort town in the Crimea, situated on the Black Sea on the road from Gurzuf to Sudak. ... Armyansk (Ukrainian: Армянськ, Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a town in northern Crimea, Ukraine. ... Army camp at Balaklava during the Crimean War Balaklava is a section of the city of Sevastopol, in the Crimea region of Ukraine. ... Bakhchisaray (Crimean Tatar: Bağçasaray, Ukrainian: , Russian: ), a town in Central Crimea, centre of the Bakhchisaray raion (district), former capital of the Crimean Khanate. ... Belogorsk (Crimean Tatar: Qarasuvbazar, Ukrainian: , Russian: ) (both Russian and Ukrainian names mean white mountains), formerly Karasubazar, is a town of Ukraine, at the Crimea, in 45° 3 north and 340 26 east, 25 miles east-northeast of Simferopol. ... Gaspra (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a spa town in Crimea, Ukraine. ... Gurzuf (Russian:Гурзу́ф) is a settlement on the Crimea peninsula in Ukraine, on the northern coast of the Black Sea. ... Dzhankoy (Ukrainian and Russian: Джанкой, Crimean Tatar: Canköy) is a city in the north of the Crimea, Ukraine. ... Also Eupatoria or Evpatoria; town in the Crimea. ... Foros (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: Foros) is a resort town in Crimea, Ukraine. ... Inkerman (Inkermann) is a small town in Crimea, an eastern suburb of Sevastopol. ... Kerch (Russian: Керчь; Ukrainian: Керч; Old East Slavic: Корчев, Turkish and Crimean Tatar: Kerç) is a city (2001 pop 157,000) on the Kerch Peninsula of eastern Crimea, an important industrial, transportation and tourist center of Ukraine. ... Koktebel, also known as Planerskoye, is one of the most popular resort townlets in the Crimea, situated on the shore of the Black Sea about halfway between Feodosiya and Sudak. ... Koreiz (Ukrainian: Кореїз, Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a townlet in the Yalta region of Crimea. ... Krasnoperekopsk (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: Krasnoperekopsk) is a city in Crimea, Ukraine which is located on the southern part of the Perekop Isthmus, on the shore of the Stare lake, and about 124km from the Crimean capital, Simferopol. ... Livadiya is a resort located on the Black Sea near Yalta, Ukraine. ... Massandra (Ukrainian: Масандра, Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a townlet in the Yalta region of Crimea. ... Nikita (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: Nikita) is a townlet in Crimea, Ukraine. ... A Juniper forest in Noviy Svet Novyi Svet (Russian: ; Ukrainian: ; Crimean Tatar: Novıy Svet; literally: New World) is a resort town in Crimea, Ukraine, known for an eponymous sort of champagne produced there. ... Sevastopol (Ukrainian and Russian: ; Crimean Tatar: ), formerly known as Sebastopol, is a port city in Ukraine, located on the Black Sea coast of Crimean peninsula. ... Simeiz (Симеиз) is a resort town in Crimea, Ukraine. ... Simferopol (Ukrainian: ; Russian: ; Crimean Tatar: ) is the capital of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Ukraine. ... Sudak is city in the Crimea. ... Theodosia (Russian: Феодосия; Ukrainian: Феодосія; Greek: Θεοδωσία; Crimean Tatar/Turkish: Kefe) is a port and resort city in southern Ukraine, located on the Black Sea coast of Crimea at coordinates 45. ... Yalta (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a city in Crimea, southern Ukraine, on the north coast of the Black Sea. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Stary Krym - Columbia Encyclopedia® article about Stary Krym (163 words)
Known as Surkhat or Solkhat from the 13th to the 15th cent., it was the residence of the vice regents of the khans of the Golden Horde.
It was a major caravan center on the route to the ancient Russian duchies, the Volga region, and Central Asia.
The original capital (called Krym) of the Crimean khans in the 14th to 15th cent., it declined when the capital was transferred to Bakchisaray.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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