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Encyclopedia > Stary Krym
Stary Krym
Старий Крим
Старый Крым
Eski Qırım
Region of Crimea: Kirovs'ke rayon
Location: 45°2′N 35°6′E
Altitude: ~300 m
Area: 9,97 km²
Population: 9 960 (2001)
Density: 1000 /km²
Postal codes: 97345
Phone prefix: +380-6555
Time zone: EET: UTC+2
Previous name: Solkhat (till XIV cent.)
[ official web-site]

Stary Krym (Crimean Tatar: Eski Qırım, Ukrainian: Старий Крим, Russian: Старый Крым) is a small historical town in the Eastern Crimea, approximately 25 km (15 mi.) west of Theodosia. Population of Stary Krym in 2001 was 10,600 people [1]. Image File history File links Sin_escudo. ... Eastern European Time (EET) is the time zone 2 hours ahead of UTC. Time zones of Europe, Blue WET or GMT or UTC , Red CET/MET, Green EET, Khaki MSK During summertime, DST (Daylight Saving Time) is in effect in some countries such as Finland and all other member states... Image File history File links Reddot. ... The Crimean Tatar language or Crimean-Turkish (in its own script: Qırımtatar tili, Qırım Tatar dili resp. ... The Crimea /kraɪˈmia/ is a peninsula and an autonomous republic of Ukraine on the northern coast of the Black Sea. ... Theodosia (Russian: Феодосия; Ukrainian: Феодосія; Greek: Θεοδωσία; Crimean Tatar/Turkish: Kefe) is a port and resort city in southern Ukraine, located on the Black Sea coast of Crimea at coordinates 45. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ...

The town is very old. Even in the sixth century it was a busy center of trade known variously as Solhat, Surkhat, Solkhat and Salaciq. In modern Crimean Tatar, it is known as Eski Qırım. In the first half of the thirteenth century the city was taken by Batu Khan. The Mongols fortified the city and named it Krym meaning "moat" in the Turkic languages. The name of the city was eventually given to the whole peninsula. (5th century — 6th century — 7th century — other centuries) Events The first academy of the east the Academy of Gundeshapur founded in Persia by the Persian Shah Khosrau I. Irish colonists and invaders, the Scots, began migrating to Caledonia (later known as Scotland) Glendalough monastery, Wicklow Ireland founded by St. ... The Crimean Tatar language or Crimean-Turkish (in its own script: Qırımtatar tili, Qırım Tatar dili resp. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Batu Khan (Russian: Batyi, Батый) (c. ... The Mongols are an ethnic group that originated in what is now Mongolia, Russia, and China, particularly Inner Mongolia. ... The Turkic languages constitute a language family of some thirty languages, spoken across a vast area from Eastern Europe to Siberia and Western China with an estimated 140 million native speakers and tens of millions of second-language speakers. ...

In the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, the city was the capital of the Crimean province of the Golden Horde. It was a large, prosperous city referred to by the Arabic contemporaries as the second Baghdad. From that period remain the ruins of a mosque and madrassa, built in 1314 by Uzbeg Khan. After moving the capital of the Crimean Khanate to Bakhchisaray the city declined into relative obscurity. (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... This article refers to the medieval Turkic state. ... The Arabs (Arabic: عرب ʻarab) are a large and heterogeneous ethnic group found throughout the Middle East and North Africa, originating in the Arabian Peninsula of southwest Asia. ... Location of Baghdad within Iraq Baghdad (Arabic: , from Persian بغداد , meaning given by God) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Province. ... Yeni Camii (the New Mosque), one of the landmarks of İstanbul A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... A Madrasah complex in Gambia Ulugh Beg Madrasa, Samarkand, ca. ... Events June 24 - Battle of Bannockburn. ... Under the rule of Uzbeg Khan (1312-1341) the Golden Horde reached its zenith. ... Bakhchisaray, a town in Central Crimea, best known for its Romantic associations with Alexander Pushkins poem The Fountain of Bakhchisaray (1822). ...

Since the annexation of the Crimea by Catherine II of Russia in 1783, the town is known by the Russian name Stary Krym, literally "Old Crimea". It was the city where the famous Russian writer Alexander Grin lived and died, and now has a museum dedicated to him. H.I.M. Yekaterina II Alexeyevna the Great, Empress and Autocrat of all the Russias Catherine the Great (April 21, 1729—November 6, 1796 (O.S.)), born Sophie Augusta Fredericka of Anhalt-Zerbst, reigned as Empress of Russia from June 28, 1762 until her death. ... 1783 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Alexander Grin (Russian: , born August 23, 1880, died July 7, 1932) was a Russian writer, notable for his romantic novels and short stories, mostly set in an unnamed fantasy land with a European or Latin American flavor (Grins fans often refer to this land as Grinlandia). ...

The city is home to an important cardiac sanatorium, formerly led by notable heart surgeon Nikolai Amosov. 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Cardiology is the branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the heart and blood vessels. ... Sanatório Heliantia A sanatorium refers to a medical facility for long-term illness, typically cholera or tuberculosis. ... A typical modern surgical operation For other uses, see Surgery (disambiguation). ... Nikolai Amosov (1913-2002) was a groundbreaking Ukrainian heart surgeon, inventor, best-selling author, and exercise enthusiast, known for his inventions of several innovative surgical procedures for treating heart defects. ...

External links

  • http://www.qurultay.org/linkshow.asp?AD=../links/eng/history/state/2_1.html
  • http://www.iccrimea.org/monuments/monuments.html
  • http://tatarworld.com/history.htm
  • http://www2.let.uu.nl/Solis/anpt/ejos/pdf4/24Kancal.pdf
  • http://www.go2crimea.com/en/index.php?p=31&s=10
  • http://www.zum.de/whkmla/region/russia/crimeapre1478.html
  • http://www.ccssu.crimea.ua/eng/crimea/sights/architec/temples/uzbekhan/index.html
  • http://archnet.org/library/places/one-place.tcl?place_id=8092

Cities and towns of Crimea
Alupka | Alushta | Armyansk | Balaklava | Bakhchisaray | Belogorsk | Chornomors'ke | Gaspra | Gurzuf | Dzhankoy | Eupatoria | Foros | Inkerman | Kacha | Kerch | Koktebel | Koreiz | Kirovs'ke | Krasnohvardiys'ke | Krasnoperekopsk | Lenine | Livadiya | Massandra | Nizhnyohirs'kiy | Nikita | Novy Svet | Partenit | Pervomays'ke | Perekop | Razdol'ne | Saky | Shcholkino | Sevastopol | Simeiz | Simferopol | Sovets'kiy | Stary Krym | Sudak | Theodosia | Yalta

  Results from FactBites:
AllRefer.com - Stary Krym (CIS And Baltic Political Geography) - Encyclopedia (222 words)
Stary Krym[stA´´rE krim] Pronunciation Key [Rus.,=Old Crimea], city, Ukraine, on the Crimean peninsula.
Known as Surkhat or Solkhat from the 13th to the 15th cent., it was the residence of the vice regents of the khans of the Golden Horde.
The original capital (called Krym) of the Crimean khans in the 14th to 15th cent., it declined when the capital was transferred to Bakchisaray.
  More results at FactBites »



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