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Encyclopedia > Starstreak missile
Starstreak HVM
Starstreak missile on display at the Africa Aerospace & Defence exposition, September 2006
Type short-range surface-to-air missile
Nationality UK
Era 1990's-Current
Launch platform
Target
History
Builder Thales Air Defence Limited
Date of design
Production period
Service duration 1997
Operators
Variants
Number built 7,000 ordered
Specifications
Type
Diameter 27 cm
Wing span
Length 1.397 m
Weight 16.82 kg
Propulsion First stage: Royal Ordnance Brambling cast double-based propellant blip rocket motor.
Second stage: Royal Ordnance Titus cast double-based propellant
Steering
Guidance Laser beam riding
Speed Mach 3.5 at second stage burnout
Range 0.3–7 km
Ceiling 5000 m >
Payload
Warhead Three 0.9 kg explosive sub-munitions ("darts")
Trigger Impact delay

Starstreak is a British short range surface-to-air missile manufactured by Thales Air Defence Limited (originally Shorts Missile Systems), in Belfast. It is also known as Starstreak HVM where HVM stands for "High Velocity Missile". After launch the missile accelerates to approximately Mach 3.5, at which point it launches three laser beam riding submunitions. The use of three submunitions increases the likelihood of a successful hit on the target. Starstreak has been in service with the British Army since 1997. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 1778 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Starstreak missile Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... A weapons platform is generally any structure or system on which a weapon can be mounted. ... Thales Air Defence Limited, formerly Shorts Missile Systems, is a defence contractor based in Belfast, Northern Ireland producing short-range or close air defence missiles. ... Beam-riding guidance leads a missile to its target by means of radar or a laser beam. ... Akash Missile Firing French Air Force Crotale battery Bendix Rim-8 Talos surface to air missile of the US Navy A surface-to-air missile (SAM) is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft. ... Thales Air Defence Limited, formerly Shorts Missile Systems, is a defence contractor based in Belfast, Northern Ireland producing short-range or close air defence missiles. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 54. ... An F/A-18 Hornet breaking the sound barrier. ... Beam-riding guidance leads a missile to its target by means of radar or a laser beam. ... A submunition is the name given to a bomblet contained in a cluster bomb, generally 1% to 40% of this kind of bomblets explode, leting a large mine field. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

Development

Development on the missile began in the early 1980s after a study into a weapon system to supplement the Rapier missile system showed that a high velocity missile system was the best solution to the problem. A General Staff Requirement (GSR 3979) was drawn up with the requirements of the system, specifying the requirement of 3 launch platforms for the missile: Rapier Type surface to air Nationality UK Era Cold War Launch platform vehicle Target aircraft History Builder British Aerospace Date of design Production period Service duration Operators UK Variants ? Number built ? Specifications Type Diameter 0. ...

  • A self-propelled launcher.
  • A three round light weight launcher.
  • A man portable launcher.

In 1984 the British Ministry of Defence awarded development contracts to British Aerospace and Shorts Missile Systems. Shorts won the competition and were awarded the £356 million. Further development and a production contract materialized in November 1986, and the missile was officially accepted into service in September 1997. The missile is intended to replace the Javelin surface-to-air missile in British service. The LML and shoulder-launched versions have been in use since 2000. The Ministry of Defence (MOD) is the United Kingdom government department responsible for implementation of government defence policy and the headquarters of the British Armed Forces. ... British Aerospace (BAe) was a UK aircraft manufacturer, now part of BAE Systems. ... A triple Javelin missile launcher Javelin is a British man-portable surface-to-air missile, used by the British Army and Canadian Army. ...


In July 2001, Thales received a contract for a Successor Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) system for Starstreak. 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In telecommunications, identification, friend or foe (IFF) is a crypto identification system designed for command and control. ...


Description

The Starstreak missile is transported in a sealed launch tube. This tube is attached to an aiming unit for firing. The operator tracks the target using the aiming units' optically stabilized sight. The process of tracking the target allowing the aiming unit to compute the right trajectory to bring the missile together with the target. The operator can indicate wind direction to the unit, and in the case of a long range target provide super elevation. When the initial tracking is complete, the operator fires the missile by pressing a button.


The missile then fires the first stage rocket motor, which launches the missile from the tube—but burns out before leaving the tube to protect the operator. When the missile is a safe distance from the operator the second stage fires, which rapidly accelerates the missile to burn out velocity of about Mach 3.5 400 m away from the operator. As the second stage burns out the three dart submunitions are released. The darts are each 396 mm long with a diameter of 22 mm and weigh about 0.9 kg. Each dart consists of a rotating forebody with two canard fins attached to a non-rotating rear assembly which has four fins. The rear assembly also houses the electronics that guide the missile. The dart housing is made from a tungsten alloy, and contains approximately 0.45 kg of explosive with a delayed impact activated fuse. General Name, Symbol, Number tungsten, W, 74 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 6, 6, d Appearance grayish white, lustrous Standard atomic weight 183. ... An alloy is a combination, either in solution or compound, of two or more elements, at least one of which is a metal, and where the resulting material has metallic properties. ...


The missiles are guided by two laser beams projected into a two dimensional matrix by the aiming unit. The laser is modulated according to its position in the projected matrix, this modulation is detected by each submunition and allows it to determine any steering correction. The submunitions steer briefly by decelerating the rotating forebody with a clutch. The front wings then steer the missile in the appropriate direction. The three submunitions fly in a formation about 1.5 m in radius, and have enough kinetic energy to manouever to meet a target evading at 9G at 7,000 m. The letter G is the seventh letter in the Latin alphabet. ...


On impact with the target a delayed action fuse is triggered. This gives time for the projectile to penetrate the target before the explosive warhead detonates. The tungsten housing is designed to fragment and produce maximum damage inside the target.


A demonstration was conducted in September 1999 that showed the missile being used against an armoured vehicle (a FV432 armoured personnel carrier, showing the missile's effectiveness as ground-to-ground weapon. Each sub-munition dart travelling at 1,250 m/s (2,800 mph) has a comparable kinetic energy to a shell from a Bofors 40 mm gun and probably has sufficient energy to penetrate the front armour of an infantry fighting vehicle. However it lacks the armour penetration capabilities of a purpose-built anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) or a dual purpose missile such as Air Defense Anti-Tank System (ADATS). A privately owned FV 432 in a carnival procession. ... Armoured personnel carriers (APCs) are armoured fighting vehicles developed to transport infantry on the battlefield. ... The kinetic energy of an object is the extra energy which it possesses due to its motion. ... Bofors 40mm/L60. ... A Warrior vehicle with UN markings, during the making of the eponymous film. ... An Anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) or weapon (ATGW) is a guided missile primarily designed to hit and destroy tanks and other armoured fighting vehicles. ... The Air Defense Anti-Tank System (ADATS) is a dual-purpose short range surface-to-air and anti-tank missile system based on the M113A2 vehicle. ...


Variants

  • SP HVM: Carried on an Alvis Stormer AFV with a roof mounted eight round launcher with internal stowage for a further 12 missiles.
  • LML: Fired from a Lightweight Multiple Launcher (LML) which holds three missiles ready for firing and can be used as either a stationary launch unit or mounted on a light vehicle such as a Land Rover or HMMWV (Humvee). This practice was first used with the Javelin system.
  • MANPADS: man-portable, fired from the operator's shoulder.
  • ATASK (Air To Air Starstreak): Fired from a helicopter. This was developed in combination with McDonnell-Douglas and Lockheed-Martin electronics between 1995 and 1998 specifically for use with the AH-64 Apache. It has yet to enter service.
  • Seastreak: Two versions of a naval mounting have been demonstrated—a one-man mount similar to the LML but carrying a total of six missiles, and a close in weapon system mounting holding 24 missiles.

Alvis Stormer is a modern military armoured vehicle manufactured by the British company, Alvis, a subsidiary of BAE Systems. ... Land Rover was the name of one of the first British civilian all-terrain utility vehicles, first produced by Rover in 1947. ... This article refers to the Military HMMWV, not the civilian Hummer sold by General Motors General Characteristics (Humvee) Manufacturer: AM General Length: 4. ... An SA-7 in use Russian Manportable SAM System SA-18/GROUSE MANPADS (Human-Portable Air-Defence System) are shoulder-launched surface-to-air missiles. ... Lockheed/BAE/Northrop F-35 Lockheed Trident missile C-130 Hercules; in production since the 1950s, now as the C-130J Lockheed Martin (NYSE: LMT) is an aerospace manufacturer formed in 1995 by the merger of Lockheed Corporation with Martin Marietta. ... The AH-64 Apache is the United States Armys principal attack helicopter, and is the successor to the AH-1 Cobra. ... Phalanx CIWS A Close-in weapon system (CIWS) is a naval shipboard weapon system for detecting and destroying incoming anti-ship missiles and enemy aircraft at short range (the threat(s) having penetrated the ships available outer defences). ...

Performance

The Starstreak has never been used in combat, so its operational effectiveness is unknown. It has a number of advantages over infrared guided, radar guided, and radio command MCLOS/SACLOS (Blowpipe or Javelin), missiles: MCLOS (short for Manual Command to Line of Sight) is a first-generation method for guiding guided missiles. ... SACLOS (short for Semi-Automatic Command to Line-Of-Sight) is a second-generation method of missile guidance. ... Canadian 129th Anti-Aircraft Defense Battery missile team with Blowpipe during NATO exercise Cornet Phaser. ... A triple Javelin missile launcher Javelin is a British man-portable surface-to-air missile, used by the British Army and Canadian Army. ...

  • It cannot be jammed by simple flares (infrared countermeasures) or radar/radio countermeasures.
  • It cannot be suppressed with anti-radar missiles.
  • Its high speed makes it more likely to be able to intercept a fast moving aircraft.
  • Three submunitions increase the size of the lethal area, increasing the probability that the target will be hit by at least one submunition.
  • Its high speed reduces the amount of time for effective usage of any potential countermeasure, such as the beam maneuver or illuminating the guidance laser source with an eyesight damaging battlefield laser.
  • It is much quicker reacting than infrared guided MANPADS, with no seeker cooling down period required.
  • The guidance laser has a low energy level, making detection more difficult for a laser warning receiver system.

However there are some disadvantages: Infrared countermeasures (IRCM) are devices designed to protect aircraft from infrared homing (heat seeking) missiles by confusing the missiles infrared guidance system so that they will miss their target. ... Look up ir in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... An SA-7 in use Russian Manportable SAM System SA-18/GROUSE MANPADS (Human-Portable Air-Defence System) are shoulder-launched surface-to-air missiles. ...

  • The guidance laser may be detected after the missile is fired, if the target aircraft is equipped with a suitable laser warning system, unlike entirely passively guided infrared missiles such as the Stinger which require a MAWS/Missile Approach Warning System. Infrared launch signature detecting MAWS tend to be subject to a high false alarm rate, and the radar based MAWS radiate an easily detectable signal, giving away the presence of the aircraft.
  • The operator can be blinded by battlefield lasers or other countermeasures.
  • Battlefield obscurants such as smoke can degrade the ability of the missile operator to see the target soon enough to engage it, and can also interfere with the guidance laser.
  • The training level of the operator is critical since, unlike infrared guided missiles, the operator has to track the target exactly with the sighting unit aimpoint (SACLOS).
  • The submunitions have no proximity fuse, so a near miss would do no damage to the target.

Two soldiers preparing to fire a shoulder-mounted Stinger missile launcher Light to carry and easy to operate, the FIM-92 Stinger is a passive infrared homing/seek surface-to-air missile, shoulder-fired by a single operator and designed to attack aircraft at a range of up to 15... Look up ir in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... SACLOS (short for Semi-Automatic Command to Line-Of-Sight) is a second-generation method of missile guidance. ... A proximity fuze (also called a VT fuze, for variable time) is a fuze that is designed to detonate an explosive automatically when the distance to target becomes smaller than a predetermined value or when the target passes through a given plane. ...

Operators

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... The AH-64 Apache is the United States Armys principal attack helicopter, and is the successor to the AH-1 Cobra. ...

References

  • Jane's Land-Based Air Defence 2005-2006, ISBN 0-7106-2697-5

See also

A soldier posing with a Strela launcher The 9K32 Strela-2 (Russian 9К32 стрела-2 - arrow, NATO reporting name SA-7 Grail) is a man-portable, shoulder-fired, low-altitude surface-to-air missile (SAM) system similar to the US Army REDEYE, with... The 9K38 Igla (Russian 9К38 Игла́ - needle) is a Russian/Soviet man-portable infra-red homing surface-to-air missile (SAM) system. ... Type MANPADS Nationality United States Era Cold War/modern Launch platform Man portable Target aircraft History Builder Raytheon Missile Systems Date of design 1967 Production period Service duration 1981-present Operators Britain, Germany, Israel, Iran, Lithuania, The Netherlands, Pakistan, Switzerland, United States Variants Number built Approx. ... Canadian 129th Anti-Aircraft Defense Battery missile team with Blowpipe during NATO exercise Cornet Phaser. ... A triple Javelin missile launcher Javelin is a British man-portable surface-to-air missile, used by the British Army and Canadian Army. ... Mistral is an infrared homing surface-to-air missile manufactured by the European multinational company MBDA missile systems (formerly by Matra BAe Dynamics). ... Below is a list of (links to pages on) missiles, sorted alphabetically by name. ...

External links


British guided missiles

Air-to-air Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... A US Navy VF-103 Jolly Rogers F-14 Tomcat fighter launches an AIM-54 Phoenix long-range air-to-air missile. ...


ASRAAM | Fireflash | Firestreak | Red Top | Skyflash The AIM-132 Advanced Short Range Air-to-Air Missile is a British air-to-air missile with infra-red guidance. ... The Fairey Fireflash was the first British air-to-air missile. ... Type air-to-air Nationality United Kingdom Era Cold War Launch platform fixed wing aircraft Target aircraft History Builder de Havilland Propellors Date of design ? Production period ? Service duration 1958 - 1988 Operators United Kingdom, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia. ... Hawker Siddeley Red Top missile mounted on a English Electric Lightning at the RAF Museum at Hendon, London. ... UK medium-range semi-active radar guided air-to-air missile derived from the US AIM-7 Sparrow missile and carried by the Tornado F3 interceptor aircraft. ...


Air-to-surface An air-to-surface missile (also, air-to-ground missile, ASM or AGM) is a missile designed to be launched from military aircraft (bombers, attack aircraft, fighter aircraft or other kinds) and strike ground targets on land, at sea, or both. ...


ALARM | Brimstone | Martel (UK/France) | Sea Eagle | Sea Skua | Storm Shadow (UK/France) For other uses, see Alarm (disambiguation). ... Brimstone test firing from Panavia Tornado The Brimstone missile is an advanced Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM) developed by MBDA. The missile is a development of Boeings AGM-114 Hellfire is designed to meet the RAFs requirement for a long range anti-armour weapon, allowing strike aircraft to... Martel (AS 37) Type air-to-surface Nationality UK/France Era Cold War Launch platform fixed wing aircraft Target ship History Builder BAe, Matra Date of design ? Production period ? Service duration ? Operators FAA Variants AS 37 radar, AJ 168 Video Number built ? Specifications Type ? Diameter 0. ... The BAe Sea Eagle is a medium weight, fire-and-forget, sea-skimming anti-ship missile designed and built by BAe Dynamics (now MBDA) in service with the Indian Navy. ... Sea Skua Type air-to-surface Nationality United Kingdom Era 1980-Present Launch platform Helicopted launched Target shipping History Builder British Aerospace Dynamics (now MBDA) Date of design Production period Service duration Operators UK, Brazil, Germany, Malaysia Variants ? Number built ? Specifications Type anti-shipping Diameter 0. ... Storm Shadow is an Anglo-French air-launched cruise missile, manufactured by MBDA and used by Britain, France, and Italy. ...


Surface-to-air Akash Missile Firing French Air Force Crotale battery Bendix Rim-8 Talos surface to air missile of the US Navy A surface-to-air missile (SAM) is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft. ...


Bloodhound | Blowpipe | Javelin | Rapier | Sea Cat | Sea Dart | Sea Slug | Sea Wolf | Starburst | Starstreak | Tigercat | Thunderbird Type SAM Nationality UK Era Cold War Launch platform Fixed installation Target High altitude bomber History Builder Bristol Aeroplane Co. ... Canadian 129th Anti-Aircraft Defense Battery missile team with Blowpipe during NATO exercise Cornet Phaser. ... A triple Javelin missile launcher Javelin is a British man-portable surface-to-air missile, used by the British Army and Canadian Army. ... Rapier Type surface to air Nationality UK Era Cold War Launch platform vehicle Target aircraft History Builder British Aerospace Date of design Production period Service duration Operators UK Variants ? Number built ? Specifications Type Diameter 0. ... Sea Cat Type surface-to-air Nationality United Kingdom Era Cold War Launch platform Ship Target aircraft History Builder Short Brothers Date of design Production period Service duration 1962 - Operators UK Variants Fire Control (see text) Number built Specifications Type close range anti-aircraft Diameter 0. ... Type surface-to-air, surface-to-surface Nationality UK Era Cold War Launch platform ship Target aircraft or ship History Builder British Aerospace Date of design Production period Service duration 1973 Operators UK (Royal Navy), Argentina Variants ? Number built 2,000+ Specifications Type Diameter 0. ... Sea Slug was a Royal Navy surface-to-air missile system built by Hawker Siddeley which came into service in the 1950s and was still in use at the time of the Falklands War. ... Type surface-to-air Nationality UK Era Cold War Launch platform ship Target missile, aircraft History Builder BAe, MDBA Date of design Production period Service duration 1979 - Operators UK, Brazil and Chile Variants Electronics; GWS-25, GWS-26, GWS-27 Vertical Launch Number built Specifications Type Diameter 0. ... Starburst Type short-range surface-to-air missile Nationality United Kingdom Era Launch platform Target History Builder Shorts Missile Systems (Thales Air Defence Limited) Date of design Production period Service duration 1990 Operators United Kingdom, Canada, Kuwait, Malaysia (504 missiles) Variants Number built 10,000 built by 1999 Specifications Type... Sea Cat Type surface-to-air Nationality United Kingdom Era Cold War Launch platform Ship Target aircraft History Builder Short Brothers Date of design Production period Service duration 1962 - Operators UK, Brazil, Chile and Sweden Variants Fire Control (see text) Number built Specifications Type close range anti-aircraft Diameter 0. ... Thunderbird in displayed in Finnish Anti-aircraft museum (Ilmatorjuntamuseo) in Tuusula. ...


Surface-to-surface A surface-to-surface missile (SSM) is a guided projectile launched from a hand-held, vehicle mounted, trailer mounted or fixed installation or from a ship. ...


Swingfire | Malkara (UK/Australia) | Vigilant Swingfire Type Anti-tank Nationality UK Era Cold War Launch platform Vehicle Target Vehicle History Builder Date of design Production period Service duration Operators UK, Belgium, Kenya Variants none Number built Specifications Type Diameter 0. ... Malkara Type anti-tank guided missile Nationality UK/Australia Era Cold War Launch platform Vehicle Target AFV History Builder Date of design 1954 Production period Service duration 1958 to 1960s Operators UK Variants none Number built 1000 Specifications Type surface to surface Diameter 0. ... The Vickers Vigilant was a British anti-tank missile used by the British Army. ...


Strategic and tactical nuclear // Nuclear weapons delivery is the technology and systems used to place a nuclear weapon at the position of detonation, on or near its intended target. ...


Blue Steel Blue Steel Type nuclear stand-off missile Nationality UK Era Cold War Launch platform Aircraft Target History Builder Avro Date of design Production period Service duration 1963-1969 Operators UK RAF Variants Number built Specifications Type Diameter 0. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Blowpipe missile - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (661 words)
The missile is a single round in a storage cylinder.
The controller unit is clipped to it and the missile is fired from the operator's shoulder.
For compact storage, the rear fins of the missile are housed at the front of the storage cylinder - the missile is steered by the front fins.
Starstreak missile - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1066 words)
Development on the missile began in the early 1980s after a study into a weapon system to supplement the Rapier missile system showed that a high velocity missile system was the best solution to the problem.
When the missile is a safe distance from the operator the second stage fires, which rapidly accelerates the missile to burn out velocity of about Mach 3.5 400 m away from the operator.
The submunitions steer briefly by stoping the rotating forebody with a clutch.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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