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Encyclopedia > Staritsa
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View of Staritsa in 2002.

Staritsa (Старица in Russian) is a town in the Tver Oblast, Russia, center of the Staritsa District. The town stands on Volga River, 77 km from Tver. The population is 9,2000 (1992). 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Categories: Stub | Oblasts of Russia ... Волга Length 3,690 km Elevation of the source 225 m Average discharge 8,000 m³/ s Area watershed 1. ... Tver (Russian: Тверь), formerly (1931-1990) Kalinin (Калинин) after Mikhail Kalinin, is a city in Russia, center of Tver Oblast (region). ...

Contents

History

The town was established in 1297 under the name of 'Gorodok' (a small town). In 1365 it was moved from the more elevated right to the lower left bank of the Volga River. The new settlement was called 'Novy Gorodok' (new little town). Events 8 January - Monaco gains independence. ... Events Foundation of the University of Vienna Births Christine de Pizan, noted author Deaths Duke Rudolf IV of Austria the Founder, died July 27 Office holders Holy Roman Empire - Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor (1355-1378) Austria - Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria Categories: 1365 ... Волга Length 3,690 km Elevation of the source 225 m Average discharge 8,000 m³/ s Area watershed 1. ...


Since the 15th century the town is called Staritsa, which is the Russian for "former river-bed". The name was misinterpreted by heraldists who represented on Staritsa's coat of arms an image of aged nun, which is another meaning of the Russian word "staritsa". In 1485 the town passed to Muscovy with the rest of the Princedom of Tver. The Golden Age of the town was inaugurated. Events August 22 - Battle of Bosworth Field is fought between the armies of King Richard III of England and rival claimant to the throne of England Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond. ... This article is about Muscovite Russia. ...

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View of Staritsa in 1912.

In the 15th century, the local principality was ruled by Ivan III's son Andrey, and then by Andrey's son Vladimir. While Ivan the Terrible had no children, Vladimir was regarded by boyars as his only heir. As the Tsar suspected Staritsa's ruler of plotting against him, Vladimir and his children were forced to take poison. The opulence of Staritsa during Vladimir's reign is evidenced by the Assumption abbey. 1912 is a leap year starting on Monday. ... Albus rex Ivan III Ivan III Vasilevich (Иван III Васильевич) (January 22, 1440 - October 27, 1505), also known as Ivan the Great, was a grand duke of Muscovy who first adopted a more pretentious title of the grand duke of all the Russias. Sometimes referred to as the gatherer of... Ivan IV (August 25, 1530–March 18, 1584) was the first ruler of Russia to assume the title of tsar. ...


In 1775 Staritsa became a district center. From October 1941 till January 1942 the town was occupied by the German army.


Layout

The town is split by the river into two parts: the bigger left (Town part) and right (Moscow part). There are a lot of old abandoned limestone quarries in the neighbourhood, so there are a lot of old limestone buildings in the town.


In the right part of a town a site of an old settlement can be clearly traced, with huge mounds and ground walls. On the opposing left bank of a river stands the Assumption abbey, with a limestone cathedral from 1530 and a tented refectory from 1570. There are also several churches from the 18th and 19th centuries. The rocket-like church at Ostrov near Moscow is considered typical for Boris Godunovs reign. ...


The city cathedral of Sts Boris and Gleb is a ponderous Neoclassical edifice erected from 1805 to 1820. It replaced one of the miracles of old Russian architecture, a many-tented cathedral built in the 1560s by the same masters as worked on the famous St Basil's Cathedral in Moscow. Actually, it was said that Moscow and Staritsa cathedrals were two sisters, just like the rulers of two towns, Ivan and Vladimir, were two brothers. A medieval Russian icon of Boris and Gleb Boris and Gleb, Christian names Roman and David, were the first Russian saints. ... Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture. ... St Basils Cathedral The Intercession Cathedral (Pokrovsky Cathedral, better known as the or ) is a multi-tented church on the Red Square in Moscow traditionally perceived as symbolic of the unique position of Russia between Europe and Asia. ... Moscow (Russian/Cyrillic: Москва́, pronunciation: Moskvá) is the capital of Russia, located on the river Moskva, and encompassing 1097. ...


Main industries of Staritsa are clothes factory, flax-manufacturing factory, mechanical and vegetable food factories.


Caves

Staritsa is also famous among Moscow speleologysts for it 18-19 century quarries. The quarries were created by local people, without any general plan, so they are sometimes very tangeled and can be used as a smaller model for horizontal caves labyrinths. The greates quarries have a total length of passages about 3-5 km. The passages are clean and dry, which is unusual for Moscow region. It takes about 3 hours to reach these quarries from Moscow. Moscow (Russian/Cyrillic: Москва́, pronunciation: Moskvá) is the capital of Russia, located on the river Moskva, and encompassing 1097. ... Speleology is the scientific study of caves and other karst features, their make-up, structure, physical properties, history, life forms, and the processes by which they form. ... A small cinder quarry A dimension stone quarry A quarry is a type of open-pit mine from which rock or minerals are extracted. ... Alternate meanings: Cave (disambiguation) The outside world viewed from a cave A cave is a natural underground void large enough that some portion of it will not receive daylight. ...


Currently volunteers try to force local administratin to treat the quarries as a local heritage and to organize their visits. While in wild usage the quarries are gradually degrading due to carelessness and vandalism of visitors.


External links

  • Russian article on Staritsa (http://www.towns.ru/towns/staritca.html)
  • Brief info on Staritsa (http://fkpkzs.ru/programs/starisa.html)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Staritsa - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (609 words)
Staritsa (Russian: Старица) is a town in Tver Oblast, Russia, administrative center of Staritsky District).
In 1775, Staritsa became a center of an uyezd.
Staritsa is also famous among Moscow speleologists for its 18th–19th century quarries.
The Official and Not-so-Official Page of the City of Staritsa, Tver Region, Russia (1062 words)
Staritsa was founded in the 13th century to serve the needs of a monastery, and to these days it remains a city of churches.
Staritsa was a major center of craftsmanship and low-tech industry before the unfortunate series of events of early 20th century.
Distribution in Staritsa among poor single mothers who don't drink (one of the condition for receiving aid) is administered by Paulina.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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