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Encyclopedia > Staraya Russa

Staraya Russa (Russian: Ста́рая Ру́сса) is an old Russian town located 99 km south of Veliky Novgorod. It is the administrative center of Starorussky District of Novgorod Oblast in Russia and a wharf on the Polist River (Lake Ilmen basin). It is the third largest town in Novgorod Oblast with a population of 35,511 as of 2002 Census (40,900 in 2000). For other cities named Novgorod see Novgorod (disambiguation). ... Novgorod Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... A wharf is a fixed platform, commonly on pilings, roughly parallel to and alongside navigable water, where ships are loaded and unloaded. ... Polist River (Russian: река́ По́листь) is a river in Novgorod Oblast, Russia, a left tributary of the Lovat River. ... Lake Ilmen (Russian: Озеро Ильмень, Finnish: Ilmajärvi), a lake in Novgorod Oblast of Russia. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (yellow outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (blue lines) of a contiguous area. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... This article is about the year 2000. ...

10 roubles, 2003
Enlarge
10 roubles, 2003

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (697x695, 141 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Staraya Russa Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (697x695, 141 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Staraya Russa Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

History

Thought to have originated in the mid-10th century, Staraya Russa was first mentioned in chronicles for the year 1076 as one of three main towns of the Novgorod Republic, alongside Pskov and Ladoga. Its name is derived from the time of the Varangians, who called themselves Rus and settled in the vicinity to control important trade routes leading from Novgorod to Polotsk and Kiev. Events February 14 - Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor. ... Medieval walls of Novgorod City The Novgorod Feudal Republic (Новгородская феодальная республика in Russian, or Novgorodskaya feodalnaya respublika) was a powerful medieval state which stretched from the Baltic Sea to the Ural Mountains between the 12th and 15th century. ... The Trinity Cathedral (1682-99) is a symbol of Pskovs former might and independence. ... The fortress of Ladoga was built in stone in the 12th century and rebuilt 400 years later. ... The Varangians (Russian: Variags, Варяги) were Scandinavians who travelled eastwards and southwards, mainly from Jutland and Sweden. ... Rus’ (Русь, ) was a medieval East Slavic nation, which, according to the most popular but by no means the only theory, took its name from its ruling warrior class with Scandinavian roots. ... Velikiy Novgorod (Russian: ) is the foremost historic city of North-Western Russia, situated on the M10(E95) federal highway connecting Moscow and St. ... Polatsk (Belarusian: По́лацак, По́лацк; Polish: Połock, also spelt as Polacak; Russian: По́лоцк, also transliterated as Polotsk, Polotzk, Polock) is the most historic city in Belarus, situated on the Dvina river. ... Motto: Oblast Municipality Municipal government City council (Київська Міська рада) Mayor Oleksandr Omelchenko Mayor-elect Leonid Chernovetsky Area 800 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 2,660,401 100% 3,299/km² Founded City rights around 5th century 1487 Latitude Longitude Area code +380 44 Car plates AA (before 2004: КА,КВ,КЕ,КН,КІ) Sister cities Athens, Brussels...


The wooden settlement of Russa was burned to ashes in 1190 and 1194. In 1478, it was incorporated into Muscovy together with Novgorod. The word Staraya (Old) was prefixed to the name in the 15th century, to distinguish it from newer settlements called Russa. Events March 16 - Massacre and mass-suicide of the Jews of York, England prompted by Crusaders and Richard Malebys kill 150-500 Jews in Cliffords Tower June 10 - Third Crusade: Frederick I Barbarossa drowned in the Saleph River while leading an army to Jerusalem. ... Events November 20 - Palermo falls to Henry VI, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire December 25 - Henry VI is crowned king of Sicily. ... Events February 18 - George, Duke of Clarence, convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, is privately executed in the Tower of London. ... Muscovy (Moscow principality (княжество Московское) to Grand Duchy of Moscow (Великое Княжество Московское) to Russian Tsardom (Царство Русское)) is a traditional Western name for the Russian state that existed from the 14th century to the late 17th century. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ...


In the 15th17th centuries, the ancient merchant town changed into a prosperous industrial centre, with saltworks as the principle business activity. When Ivan the Terrible ascended the throne, Staraya Russa was the fourth most populous city in Russia, after Moscow, Pskov and Novgorod. During the Time of Troubles it was held by Polish brigands and heavily depopulated. Only 38 people lived there in 1613. (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Ivan IV (August 25, 1530–March 18, 1584) was the first ruler of Russia to assume the title of tsar. ... Government Russia District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Mayor Yuri Luzhkov Geographical characteristics Area  - City 1,081 km² Population  - City (2005)    - Density 10,415,400   8537. ... The Trinity Cathedral (1682-99) is a symbol of Pskovs former might and independence. ... The Time of Troubles (Russian: Смутное время, Smutnoye Vremya) was a period of Russian history comprising the years of interregnum between the death of the last of Moscow Rurikids, Tsar Feodor Ivanovich, in 1598 and the establishment of the Romanov Dynasty in 1613. ...


In 1824, tsar Alexander I created the so-called military settlements near Staraya Russa, which would be a stage for an uprising in 1831 as part of the Cholera Riots. The town was fictionalized as Skotoprigonievsk in Dostoyevsky's novel The Brothers Karamazov (1879-80). The Soviet authority in Staraya Russa was established on November 5(18), 1917. The city was occupied by the Germans between August 9, 1941 and February 18, 1944. Totally destroyed by them, it was later restored. 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Tsar (Bulgarian, Serbian and Macedonian цар, Russian , in scientific transliteration respectively car and car ), often spelled Czar or Tzar and sometimes Csar or Zar in English, is the official Slavonic title designating Emperor in the following states: Bulgaria in 913–1422 (for later usage in 1908–1946, see below) Serbia in... Aleksander I Pavlovich Romanov (Russian: Александр I Павлович) (December 23, 1777–December 1, 1825), was Emperor of Russia from March 23, 1801–December 1, 1825 and King of Poland from 1815–1825, as well as the first Grand Duke of Finland. ... Military settlements (Russian: Военные поселения) represented a special organization of the Russian military forces in 1810-1857, which allowed the combination of military service and agricultural employment. ... Leopold I 1831 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Cholera Riots (Холерные бунты in Russian) were the anti-serf riots of the urban population, peasants and soldiers in Russia in 1830-1831 during the cholera outbreak. ... Fyodor Dostoevsky. ... Pevear & Volokhonsky Translation of The Brothers Karamazov. ... Soviet redirects here. ... November 5 is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 56 days remaining. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... August 9 is the 221st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (222nd in leap years), with 144 days remaining. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1941 calendar). ... February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ...

Resurrection cathedral, Staraya (Old) Russa, reflected over the Polist river
Resurrection cathedral, Staraya (Old) Russa, reflected over the Polist river

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x268, 89 KB)View of the Resurrection cathedral in Staraya Russa. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x268, 89 KB)View of the Resurrection cathedral in Staraya Russa. ...

Attractions

Staraya Russa is a balneologic resort, celebrated for its mineral springs used for baths, drinking, and inhalations; medicinal silt mud of the Lake Verkhneye and Lake Sredneye and mud from artificial reservoirs. A summer residence of the Russian novelist Fyodor Dostoevsky, who wrote there his novels The Brothers Karamazov and The Adolescent, is open to visitors as a museum. This article needs to be updated. ... Resorts combine a hotel and a variety of recreations, such as swimming pools A resort is a place used for relaxation or recreation. ... Mineral water is water containing minerals or other dissolved substances that alter its taste or give it therapeutic value. ... See drugs, medication, and pharmacology for substances that are used to treat patients. ... Silt refers to soil or rock particles of a certain very small size range (see grain size). ... Gelmersee is a reservoir in Switzerland. ... Fyodor Dostoevsky. ... Pevear & Volokhonsky Translation of The Brothers Karamazov. ... The National Gallery in London, a famous museum. ...


The ancient monuments include the Transfiguration monastery, with a cathedral built in 70 days in 1198, partly rebuilt in the 15th century, and several 17th-century buildings and churches. The principal city cathedral (1678) is dedicated to the Resurrection of Christ. Other notable churches are consecrated to St George (1410, family temple of the Dostoevsky family), Mina the Martyr (14th century), and the Holy Trinity (1676). Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Toba of Japan Emperor Tsuchimikado ascends to the throne of Japan January 8 - Pope Innocent III ascends Papal Throne Frederick II, infant son of German King Henry VI, crowned King of Sicily Births August 24 - Alexander II of Scotland (d. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... Events August 10 - Treaty of Nijmegen ends the Dutch War. ... This article concerns itself with Jewish, Christian , Islamic and other religious interpretations of the concept of the resurrection of the dead. ... For alternate uses, see Saint George (disambiguation) Saint George on horseback rides alongside a wounded dragon being led by a princess, late 19th century engraving. ... This article concerns the holy Trinity of Christianity. ...


External link


Coat of arms of Novgorod Oblast Cities and towns in Novgorod Oblast Flag of Russia
Administrative center: Velikiy Novgorod

Borovichi | Chudovo | Kholm | Malaya Vishera | Okulovka | Pestovo | Soltsy | Staraya Russa | Valday Image File history File links NovgorodOblast. ... Novgorod Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Velikiy Novgorod (Russian: ) is the foremost historic city of North-Western Russia, situated on the M10(E95) federal highway connecting Moscow and St. ... Borovichi (Russian: ) is a town in Novgorod Oblast, Russia. ... Chudovo (Russian: Чудово) is a town in the Novgorod Oblast in Russia, located on the Kerest River (Lake Ladoga basin). ... CheÅ‚m (Ukrainian: , Kholm) is a town in eastern Poland with 68,595 inhabitants (2004). ... Malaya Vishera (Russian: ) is a town in Novgorod Oblast, Russia. ... Okulovka (Russian: ) is a town in Novgorod Oblast, Russia, in the Valdai Hills. ... Pestovo (Russian: ) is a town in the eastern part of Novgorod Oblast, Russia, situated on the Mologa River, in the Valdai Hills. ... Soltsy (Russian: ) is a town in the western part of Novgorod Oblast, Russia, located on the Shelon River, 78 km south-west of Velikiy Novgorod. ... Valdai or Valday (Russian: Валда́й) is a town in Novgorod Oblast, Russia, an administrative center of Valdaysky District. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Staraya Russa - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (485 words)
The wooden settlement of Russa was burned to ashes in 1190 and 1194.
The Soviet authority in Staraya Russa was established on November 5(18), 1917.
Staraya Russa is a balneologic resort, celebrated for its mineral springs used for baths, drinking, and inhalations; medicinal silt mud of the Lake Verkhneye and Lake Sredneye and mud from artificial reservoirs.
Small Towns of Russia > Small Towns > Staraya Russa (1408 words)
Staraja Russa is located on the Priilmenskaja Lowland, on the right coast of the river of Polist (the pool of the lake Ilmen), near the confluence of the rivers Polist, Porusja and Pererytitsa.
The inhabitants of Russa surrounded the town by earthen fortifications and wooden fortress walls, and on the approaches to the town the monasteries were under construction.
The earliest of the survived monuments of the ancient architecture in Staraja Russa is the Spaso-Preobrazhensky monastery.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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