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Encyclopedia > Star Wars
Star Wars
Directed by Episodes I-IV:
George Lucas
Episode V:
Irvin Kershner
Episode VI:
Richard Marquand
Produced by Executive producer:
George Lucas
Episodes I-III:
Rick McCallum
Episodes IV-VI (Special Edition):
Rick McCallum
Episodes IV, V:
Gary Kurtz
Episode VI:
Howard Kazanjian

Episodes I-III (Special Edition):
Rick McCallum This movie poster for Star Wars depicts many of the films important elements, such as Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo, X-Wing and Y-Wing fighters Star Wars, retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope in 1981 (see note at Title,) is the original (and in chronological... The Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) was proposed by U.S. President Ronald Reagan on March 23, 1983[1] to use ground-based and space-based systems to protect the United States from attack by strategic nuclear ballistic missiles. ... Image File history File links Star_Wars_Logo. ... George Walton Lucas, Jr. ... Irvin Kershner (born April 29, 1923) is an American film director born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Richard Marquand Richard Marquand (April 17, 1938 - September 4, 1987) was a Welsh film director. ... George Walton Lucas, Jr. ... Rick McCallum The image above is believed to be a replaceable non-free image. ... Rick McCallum The image above is believed to be a replaceable non-free image. ... Gary Kurtz (born July 27, 1940 in Los Angeles, California) was the producer on Star Wars and Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back. ... Producer Howard Kazanjian with a model of the Super Star Destroyer from Return Of The Jedi © 20th Century Fox Howard G. Kazanjian (born 1942) is an American filmmaker of Armenian descent. ... Rick McCallum The image above is believed to be a replaceable non-free image. ...

Written by Episodes I, III, IV:
George Lucas
Episode II:
George Lucas & Jonathan Hales
Episode V:
George Lucas & Leigh Brackett & Lawrence Kasdan
Episode VI:
George Lucas & Lawrence Kasdan
Music by John Williams
Editing by Episodes I-III
Ben Burtt
Episodes IV-VI (Special Edition):
Ben Burtt
Distributed by 20th Century Fox
Release date(s) May 19772005
Country Flag of the United States United States
Language English
Budget $409,500,000
Gross revenue over 6.6 billion USD

Star Wars is an epic space opera franchise and a fictional universe initially developed by George Lucas during the 1970s and expanded since that time. The first film was Star Wars (later retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope), which was released on May 25, 1977 by 20th Century Fox. The film became a worldwide pop culture phenomenon, spawning two sequels subtitled The Empire Strikes Back and Return of the Jedi. Twenty-two years after the first Star Wars film was released, a prequel trilogy, set before the original trilogy, was released. Leigh Brackett (December 7, 1915 - March 18, 1978), was a writer of fantasy and science fiction, mystery novels and - best known to the general public - Hollywood screenplays, most notably The Big Sleep (1945), Rio Bravo (1959), The Long Goodbye (1973) and The Empire Strikes Back (1980). ... Lawrence Kasdan (born 14 January 1949, Miami, Florida) is an American movie producer, director and screenwriter. ... For other persons named John Williams, see John Williams (disambiguation). ... Ben Burtt (born July 12, 1948 in Syracuse, New York) is the archetypal sound designer (a term he invented) and sound editor for many famous and noteworthy films, as well as directing an Oscar-nominated documentary. ... Ben Burtt (born July 12, 1948 in Syracuse, New York) is the archetypal sound designer (a term he invented) and sound editor for many famous and noteworthy films, as well as directing an Oscar-nominated documentary. ... Twentieth (20th) Century Fox Film Corporation (known from 1935 to 1985 as Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation) is one of the six major American film studios. ... For other uses, see May (disambiguation). ... // Events In the Academy Awards, Peter Finch, Faye Dunaway and Beatrice Straight win Best Actor and Actress and Supporting Actress awards for Network. ... This is a list of film-related events in 2005. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... The epic film is a film genre typically featuring expensive production values and dramatic themes. ... Classic pulp space opera cover, with the usual cliché elements. ... i eat poop alot A media franchise is an intellectual property involving the characters, setting, and trademarks of an original work of media (usually a work of fiction), such as a film, a work of literature, a television program, or a video game. ... A fictional universe is an imaginary world that serves as the setting or backdrop for one or (more commonly) multiple works of fiction or translatable non-fiction. ... George Walton Lucas, Jr. ... This movie poster for Star Wars depicts many of the films important elements, such as Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo, X-Wing and Y-Wing fighters Star Wars, retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope in 1981 (see note at Title,) is the original (and in chronological... This movie poster for Star Wars depicts many of the films important elements, such as Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo, X-Wing and Y-Wing fighters Star Wars, retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope in 1981 (see note at Title,) is the original (and in chronological... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Twentieth (20th) Century Fox Film Corporation (known from 1935 to 1985 as Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation) is one of the six major American film studios. ... Popular culture, or pop culture, is the vernacular (peoples) culture that prevails in a modern society. ... Movie poster Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back is the sequel to the first released Star Wars movie, and the second film released in the original trilogy. ... Movie poster Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi, is a science fiction film that debuted in 1983, and re-released with changes in 1997 and 2004. ... Revenge of the Sith is the third film of the prequel trilogy. ... The cover of the 2004 DVD widescreen release of the revamped original Star Wars Trilogy. ...


After the release of Star Wars, other writers developed the Star Wars Expanded Universe, which includes three spin-off films, five television series and an extensive collection of licensed books, comics, video games, action figures, trading cards, and other merchandise, all set within the fictional Star Wars galaxy. In 2007, the overall box office revenue generated by the entire Star Wars franchise (over the course of its history) is at around US$4.3 billion, making it one of the most successful franchises of all time.[1] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This is a list of Star Wars books. ... This is a list of comic books set in the fictional Star Wars universe. ... Star Wars has spawned over one hundred computer and video games, dating back to some of the earliest home consoles. ... An action figure is a posable plastic figurine of an action hero, superhero or a character from a movie or television program. ... A trading card (or collectible card) is a small card which is intended for trading and collecting. ... For other uses, see Star Wars Galaxy. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... The term box office can refer to either: A place where tickets are sold to the public for admission to a venue The amount of business a particular production, such as a movie or theatre show, does. ... i eat poop alot A media franchise is an intellectual property involving the characters, setting, and trademarks of an original work of media (usually a work of fiction), such as a film, a work of literature, a television program, or a video game. ... “USD” redirects here. ...

Contents

Feature films

Episode Original release date
I The Phantom Menace May 19, 1999
II Attack of the Clones May 16, 2002
III Revenge of the Sith May 19, 2005
IV A New Hope[2] May 25, 1977
V The Empire Strikes Back May 21, 1980
VI Return of the Jedi May 25, 1983

Although The Ewok Adventure, later renamed Caravan of Courage: An Ewok Adventure, and Ewoks: The Battle for Endor, played in theaters in Europe, Mexico and Australia and are technically a Star Wars feature films, they are generally associated with television. Film poster for Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace is a 1999 film by George Lucas starring Liam Neeson, Ewan McGregor, Natalie Portman, and Jake Lloyd. ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Film poster for Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones (2002) is the fifth Star Wars science fiction movie released and the second part of the prequel trilogy which began with Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace. ... May 16 is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith is the third episode of the Star Wars film series (but the sixth film to be produced), to be released on Thursday, May 19, 2005. ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This movie poster for Star Wars depicts many of the films important elements, such as Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo, X-Wing and Y-Wing fighters Star Wars, retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope in 1981 (see note at Title,) is the original (and in chronological... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Movie poster Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back is the sequel to the first released Star Wars movie, and the second film released in the original trilogy. ... is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Movie poster Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi, is a science fiction film that debuted in 1983, and re-released with changes in 1997 and 2004. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... Categories: Star Wars films | 1984 films | Movie stubs ... Ewoks: Battle for Endor (1985), retitled Star Wars Ewok Adventures: Battle for Endor for the DVD release, is a made-for-TV movie set in the Star Wars galaxy and sequel to The Ewok Adventure. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


Setting

Main article: Star Wars galaxy

The events of Star Wars take place in the fictional Star Wars galaxy. Each film begins with an "opening crawl" of text that provides a specific context for the events of the film. In each instance, the crawl is preceded by the line, "A long time ago in a galaxy far, far away..." For other uses, see Star Wars Galaxy. ... For other uses, see Star Wars Galaxy. ... An example of the famous Star Wars roll-up. ...


Many of the characters in the film are essentially identical to humans. The characters commonly interact with fantastic creatures of many different types from numerous planetary systems within the Star Wars galaxy. Star Wars features elements such as magic, Jedi Knights, witches, and princesses that are related to archetypes of the fantasy genre.[3] This is a list of creatures in the fictional Star Wars universe. ... The Force is a binding, ubiquitous power that is the object of the Jedi and Sith monastic orders in the Star Wars universe. ... Jedi Knights and Jedi Knight redirect here. ... Charell, Leader of the Nightsisters The Witches of Dathomir or Dathomirians were humans in the Star Wars expanded universe that lived outer rim planet Dathomir. ... For other uses, see Princess (disambiguation). ...


The Star Wars world, unlike many science-fiction and fantasy films that featured sleek and futuristic settings, was portrayed as dirty and grimy. Lucas' vision of a "used universe" was further popularized in the science fiction-horror films Alien,[4] which was set on a dirty space freighter; Mad Max 2, which is set in a post-apocalyptic desert; and Blade Runner, which is set in a crumbling, dirty city of the future. This article is about the first film in a series. ... Road Warrior redirects here. ... This article is about the 1982 film. ...


Plot

The overall plot of the films is the chronology of Anakin Skywalker's life. [[ Anakin Skywalker is the central character in the Star Wars franchise. ...


Episodes I, II, and III chronicle the downfall of the Old Republic and the Jedi Order through the machinations of the Sith Lord Darth Sidious, who subsequently establishes himself as ruler of the Galactic Empire. It is also the story of Anakin Skywalker, the "Chosen One," who rises as a gifted young Jedi and is eventually seduced by Darth Sidious and the Dark Side of the Force, transforming into the Sith Lord Darth Vader. The Galactic Republic is the name of the interplanetary government used in the fictional Star Wars universe prior to the establishment of the Galactic Empire. ... Jedi Knights and Jedi Knight redirect here. ... Within the Star Wars universe, the term Sith is used to describe two separate but related groups. ... Palpatine is a fictional character in the Star Wars universe. ... The Galactic Empire is the main antagonist in the Star Wars universe. ... [[ Anakin Skywalker is the central character in the Star Wars franchise. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... “May The Force Be With You” redirects here. ... Darth Vader is a fictional character in the Star Wars universe. ...


Episodes IV, V, and VI pick up 19 years after the events of Episode III, during the Galactic Civil War, a lengthy conflict in which the Galactic Empire falls to the Rebel Alliance. These films follow the story of Luke Skywalker, the son of Anakin (now Darth Vader), his rise in the rebellion against the Empire, and his training as a Jedi. The tale ends with Luke leading his father to redemption, as well as the death of the Emperor. The Galactic Civil War is a fictional war from the Star Wars galaxy. ... In the fictional Star Wars universe, the Rebel Alliance, or more formally, the Alliance to Restore the Republic, is an interstellar terrorist force formed in direct military opposition to the Galactic Empire. ... Luke Skywalker is a fictional character in the Star Wars universe, portrayed by Mark Hamill in the films Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope, Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back, and Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi. ...


Themes

Tatooine's sunset has two suns, the result of a binary star system. This shot from A New Hope is alluded to in Attack of the Clones and Return of the Jedi, and recreated as the final shot of Revenge of the Sith.
Tatooine's sunset has two suns, the result of a binary star system. This shot from A New Hope is alluded to in Attack of the Clones and Return of the Jedi, and recreated as the final shot of Revenge of the Sith.

George Lucas uses a style of epic storytelling that repeats motifs, common themes and concepts that are altered slightly each time they occur; they are applied both visually and as an integral part of his storytelling. On a larger scale, there are many parallels between the original trilogy and the prequel trilogy; the stories of Anakin Skywalker and Luke Skywalker echo and reflect each other in a number of ways, while in other ways they are inverses. George Lucas creation of the Star Wars saga was influenced by mythology, philosophy, and religion and the popularity of the film series inevitably led to even more comparisons being made. ... “May The Force Be With You” redirects here. ... Image File history File links SW_binary_sunset. ... Image File history File links SW_binary_sunset. ... In George Lucass Star Wars saga, Tatooine is the home planet of the Skywalker family and Ben Kenobi, the setting for much of the action in the sagas films (as well as several of the novels and other pieces of written fiction) and one of the most iconic... A binary system is an astronomy term referring to two objects in space, usually stars, which are so close that their gravitational forces attract one another into a mutual orbit. ...


The Force is one of the most recognizable elements of the Star Wars series. It is described by Obi-Wan Kenobi in the original Star Wars film as, "An energy field created by all living things. It surrounds us, penetrates us, and binds the galaxy together." Those who can use the Force, such as the Jedi, can perform feats of telepathy, psychokinesis, prescience, clairvoyance, and mental control. In addition, they can use the force to amplify certain traits, for example: amplifying their reflexes enough to use a lightsaber to bounce lasers back at the target that fired them. The light side of the Force is the facet aligned with good, benevolence, and healing. The dark side of the Force is aligned with fear, hatred, aggression, and malevolence.
Jedi Master Obi-Wan Kenobi or Ben Kenobi is a fictional character in the Star Wars universe. ... Telepathy, from the Greek τῆλε, tele, remote; and πάθεια, patheia, to be effected by, describes the hypothetical transfer of information on thoughts or feelings between individuals by means other than the five classical senses. ... The term psychokinesis (from the Greek ψυχή, psyche, meaning mind, soul, or breath; and κίνησις, kinesis, meaning motion; literally movement from the mind)[1][2] or PK, also known as telekinesis[3] (Greek + , literally distant-movement referring to telekinesis) or TK, denotes the paranormal ability of the mind to influence matter, time... Prescience is the ability to predict the future through vision. ... Clairvoyance, from 17th century French Clair meaning clear and voyant meaning seeing, is a term used to describe the transference of information about an object, location or physical event through means other than the 5 traditional senses (See Psi). ... Mind control (or thought control) has the premise that an outside source can control an individuals thinking, behavior or consciousness (either directly or more subtly). ... This article is about aspects of magical theory. ...


Influences

See also: Star Wars sources and analogues

Many different influences have been suggested for the Star Wars films by fans and critics. George Lucas himself has cited some quite surprising inspirations for his films, for example the novel Watership Down and the critically-acclaimed Dune. Lucas acknowledges that the plot and characters in the 1958 Japanese film The Hidden Fortress, directed by Akira Kurosawa, were a major inspiration. Lucas has said in an interview, which is included on the DVD edition of The Hidden Fortress, that the film influenced him to tell the story of Star Wars from the viewpoint of the humble droids, rather than from the viewpoint of a major player. It also played a role in the conception of Darth Vader, whose trademark black helmet intentionally resembles the black kabuto of the arch-villain in Kurosawa's Seven Samurai.[citation needed] This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... A diagram showing the formation of a dune with a slipface. ... The Hidden Fortress (Japanese: 隠し砦の三悪人, Kakushi toride no san akunin) is a 1958 film by Akira Kurosawa and starring Toshirō Mifune as General Rokurota Makabe and Misa Uehara as Princess Yuki. ... Akira Kurosawa , 23 March 1910—6 September 1998) was a prominent Japanese film director, film producer, and screenwriter. ... Ornate kabuto from the Glenbow Museum collection Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Kabuto Kabuto (兜, 冑) is a large helmet used with traditional Japanese armour as worn by samurai. ... For other uses, see Seven Samurai (disambiguation). ...


Prior to writing the script for Star Wars, George Lucas originally wanted to make a film of Flash Gordon. The rights for Flash Gordon, however, were held by Dino De Laurentiis, and Lucas decided to work on his own science fiction/fantasy project instead.[citation needed] For other uses, see Flash Gordon (disambiguation). ... Agostino De Laurentiis, usually credited as Dino De Laurentiis, (born August 8, 1919) is an Italian movie producer born at Torre Annunziata in the province of Naples. ...


Another influence in Lucas's creation of Star Wars was the writings of Joseph Campbell. Campbell's work explored the supposed common meanings, structures, and purposes of the world's mythologies. Lucas has stated that his intention was to create in Star Wars a "modern mythology" based on Campbell's work. The original Star Wars film, episode IV, for example, closely followed the archetypal "hero's journey," as described in Campbell's The Hero with a Thousand Faces. The motif of the hero's journey can also be seen across Episodes IV-VI, following Luke's progression and across Episodes I-III, following the journey of Anakin Skywalker. For other uses, see Joseph Campbell (disambiguation). ... The Hero with a Thousand Faces (1949) is the seminal work of comparative mythologist Joseph Campbell. ... In literature, a motif is any recurring element that has symbolic significance. ... The monomyth (often referred to as the heros journey) is a description of a basic pattern found in many narratives from around the world. ...


Scripts

The Star Wars saga began with a 14-page treatment for a space adventure film that Lucas drafted in 1973, inspired by multiple myths and classical narratives. According to one source, Lucas initially wrote summaries for fifteen stories that would make up the Star Wars saga. Out of these fifteen stories, Lucas originally planned to film only one of them as a feature film.


In 1978, following the success of the first released Star Wars film, George Lucas announced that he would create a total of twelve films to chronicle the adventures of Luke Skywalker (in the original scripts, the character’s name was Luke Starkiller). In 1979, Lucas retracted his former statement, saying that he would instead make nine films.[5] Four years later, having completed Return of the Jedi, Lucas announced that he was putting Star Wars on indefinite hold until special-effects technology had improved to his satisfaction. Finally, in 1994, (after seeing the effects results of ILM's work on Jurassic Park) Lucas decided that he would produce the trilogy of prequels (Episodes I, II, and III), for a total of six films. He also claimed at the time that he had always envisioned "the whole thing as a series of six films." The cover of the 2004 DVD widescreen release of the revamped original Star Wars Trilogy. ... Industrial Light & Magic original logo, designed by Drew Struzan Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) is a motion picture special visual effects company, founded in May 1975 by George Lucas and owned by Lucasfilm Ltd. ... Jurassic Park is a 1993 science fiction film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on the novel of the same name by Michael Crichton. ... A prequel is a work that portrays events which include the structure, conventions, and/or characters of a previously completed narrative, but occur at an earlier time. ... Revenge of the Sith is the third film of the prequel trilogy. ...


Other sources, including publicly available draft scripts of Star Wars, show that Lucas had an incomplete and quickly-changing conception of the Star Wars story up until the release of the first film in 1977. Story elements such as the Kaiburr crystal present in early scripts are missing entirely in the films and were relegated to novels and the Expanded Universe, while names were freely exchanged between different planets and characters — "Organa Major" being the original name for Alderaan, for instance (Organa later became Princess Leia's surname). The following is a list of substances, including food and drugs, found in the fictional series Star Wars. ... In the fictional Star Wars universe, Alderaan is the home of Princess Leia, Bail Organa and also, in 4000 BBY, Ulic Qel Droma who fought in the Great Sith War. ...


Even as late as the production of The Empire Strikes Back and Return of the Jedi, there were significant differences from the films which emerged — for example, Lando Calrissian being a clone from the Clone Wars and the climactic battle of Return of the Jedi taking place against two Death Stars orbiting the Imperial capital planet, then known as Had Abbadon.[6] Another version of the Return of the Jedi script had Luke turning to the dark side after killing Darth Vader. Leia would then become the next Jedi to fight the dark side. This did not happen, however, because Lucas felt that the ending would be too dark, especially for children, who were a major target audience. Also, George Lucas had the script of The Empire Strikes Back saying that "Obi-Wan killed your father," in order to throw people off from his intended "I am your father" line. Lando Calrissian is a fictional character in the Star Wars universe, portrayed by Billy Dee Williams. ...


Since Darth Vader's voice was overdubbed by James Earl Jones, the true line was revealed in post-production.[7] In addition, the story released as the novel Splinter of the Mind's Eye was intended as a possible direction for a low-budget Star Wars sequel - however, the success of A New Hope allowed Lucas to pursue the more ambitious The Empire Strikes Back instead. James Earl Jones (b. ... The original paperback cover. ...


For his part, Lucas claimed in a segment filmed for the THX-remastered VHS release of the original trilogy that the original Star Wars story was intended as a single film but was later split into three because the story was too long to be told in a single film. In the DVD commentaries for the original trilogy, Lucas claims that many story elements were changed within the production of the films — for instance, the attack on the Death Star in A New Hope was moved from the end of the trilogy in order to strengthen A New Hope on its own merits, while the character of Chewbacca established the Wookiees as a technologically advanced race, necessitating their replacement with Ewoks in Return of the Jedi. Other changes, including the death of Obi-Wan in A New Hope, were made during the filming. THX is the trade name of a high-fidelity sound reproduction system for movie theaters, screening rooms, home theaters, computer speakers, gaming consoles, and car audio systems. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Bottom view of VHS cassette with magnetic tape exposed Top view of VHS cassette with front casing removed The Video Home System, better known by its abbreviation VHS, is a recording and playing standard. ... Size comparison: A 12 cm Sony DVD+RW and a 19 cm Dixon Ticonderoga pencil. ...


Lucas also stated in the commentaries that the prequel stories existed only as "notes" explaining the backstories of characters such as Obi-Wan. In an interview with Wired prior to the release of The Phantom Menace, Lucas remarked that he had allowed the publication of novels written as sequels to the films (see Expanded Universe) because he would never make the sequels himself. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Lucas's history of different statements regarding his future and past plans for the Star Wars saga have caused a great deal of popular confusion, while drawing criticism from some. For example, some still believe that Lucas's original plan was for a "trilogy of trilogies," based on early statements made by Lucasfilm regarding sequels. For more information on the supposed sequel trilogy, see Star Wars sequel trilogy. Lucas's original script was almost 500 pages long, and its title, originally The Adventures of Luke Starkiller, was changed several times before becoming Star Wars.[citation needed] The sequel trilogy was a rumored film trilogy sequel to the original Star Wars trilogy, to be made by Lucasfilm. ...


Production and release

The Star Wars film series was shot in an original aspect ratio of 2.35:1. The "original trilogy" was shot with anamorphic lenses. Episodes IV and V were shot in Panavision, while Episode VI was shot in Joe Dunton Camera (JDC) scope. Episode I was shot with Hawk anamorphic lenses on Arriflex cameras, and Episodes II and III were shot with Sony's CineAlta high-definition digital camera. The aspect ratio of an image is its displayed width divided by its height (usually expressed as x:y or x×y, with the joining colon or multiplication symbol articulated as the preposition by or sometimes to). Currently, the most popular standard ratios are the anamorphic (2. ... Anamorphic widescreen is a cinematography and photography technique for capturing a widescreen picture on standard 35mm film. ... Panavision is a motion picture equipment company specializing in camera, lens, and grip equipment, along with related accessories. ... Steven Sodebergh shooting Full Frontal. ...


The 1977 release of Star Wars also marked a paradigm shift in film sound effects. Lucas heralded this new era of sound effects in three main ways. Sound was no longer only loud or soft, it was a spatial element as important as any actor or visual effect. Ships passing by on the screen were heard passing by from speaker to speaker in the theater through the use of the new Dolby surround technology. Dolby Laboratories, Inc. ...


Another of the important ways in which Star Wars achieved this shift was the use of "physical sound" to increase the sound space of the film. The use of sub-frequencies allowed the audience to feel a physical vibration as the Star Destroyer comes into view during the opening scene of the film, establishing both its menace and the enormous size difference between it and the rebel ship.


Finally, George Lucas hired Ben Burtt to oversee the sound effects on the film. Burtt created a new kind of sound texture that had never been done before. All of the unique laser blasts, droids talking, voices, and other effects expanded the audience's immersion in the universe of Star Wars. The enormity of Burtt's accomplishment was such that the Academy of Motion Pictures: Arts and Sciences gave him a Special Achievement Award because they had no award for what he had done. It is also telling that every sound effects award since Star Wars has gone to a film recorded in Dolby.[8] Ben Burtt (born July 12, 1948 in Syracuse, New York) is the archetypal sound designer (a term he invented) and sound editor for many famous and noteworthy films, as well as directing an Oscar-nominated documentary. ...


There were countless problems during the production of Episode IV, and few critics expected the film to achieve the measure of success it did. Many problems with effects, editing, funding, and shooting caused the film to be pushed back from its expected release date of December 1976. The production company, not to mention many involved in the actual production, had little faith in the film. According to reports, it was a daily struggle merely to complete the film on time. Despite these difficulties, the first film was released on May 25, 1977, and became a surprise hit. Though its novelization had hit the shelves six months earlier, the book had not seen nearly the amount of interest that the film would draw. is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... A novelization (or novelisation in British English) is a work of fiction that is written based on some other media story form rather than as an original work. ...


The phenomenal popularity of the first Star Wars film may be due to the public's need for escapism after the harrowing experience of Vietnam and political scandals such as Watergate. Throughout the first half of the 1970s, baby-boomers (like Lucas himself) were getting more involved in filmmaking along with Coppola, Scorcese, Friedkin and others only to express dark and gritty realism in their films.


Filming locations

Episodes IV, V, and VI were shot at, among other locations, Elstree Studios, in Hertfordshire, England. The outdoor scenes from the ice planet Hoth in Episode V were shot at Finse, Norway. Also, shots of the Rebel Base on Yavin IV in Episode IV were of Mayan temples in Tikal, Guatemala. The scenes from the forested Endor's moon in Episode VI were shot in Redwood State Park, in Humboldt County, Northern California. The Phantom Menace was filmed at Leavesden Film Studios and the subsequent prequels were filmed in Fox Studios, Sydney, Australia. A scene in Attack of the Clones is shot in Sevilla, Spain. Tunisia has served as the location for filming scenes set on the desert planet Tatooine in A New Hope, The Phantom Menace, Attack of the Clones and Revenge of the Sith, the sand dunes of Yuma, Arizona, for Return of the Jedi. Italy's Caserta Palace was used to create the Theed palace on Queen Amidala's home planet, Naboo, and some scenes were also shot at Italy's Lake Como. Also some scenes in A New Hope were shot in Death Valley National Park, California, USA.[9] modmyprofile Map of filming locations Even thoug all six Star Wars movies are science fiction, there is still a lot of filming done outside a studio on filming locations around the world. ... Historically, the name Elstree Studios refers to any of several film studios that were based in the town of Elstree and Borehamwood in Hertfordshire, England. ... For the similarly named county in the West Midlands region, see Herefordshire. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... In the fictional universe of Star Wars, Hoth is the sixth planet of a remote system of the same name. ... Finse is an area in the Ulvik municipality of Hordaland. ... Yavin 4 is one of the many moons of the gas planet Yavin in the Star Wars universe. ... This article is about the pre-Columbian Maya civilization. ... For other uses, see Tikal (disambiguation). ... Humboldt County is the name of several counties in the United States: Humboldt County, California Humboldt County, Iowa Humboldt County, Nevada This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Northern California, sometimes referred to as NorCal, is the northern portion of the U.S. state of California. ... Leavesden Film Studios is a film and media complex constructed on the site of the former Rolls Royce factory at Leavesden Aerodrome, which was an important centre of aircraft production during World War II. It is situated approximately 20 miles northwest of central London near the town of Watford. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... This article is about the city in Spain. ... In George Lucass Star Wars saga, Tatooine is the home planet of the Skywalker family and Ben Kenobi, the setting for much of the action in the sagas films (as well as several of the novels and other pieces of written fiction) and one of the most iconic... Yuma is a city in and the county seatGR6 of Yuma County, Arizona, United States. ... The Palace of Caserta, in Italian Reggia di Caserta, is a former royal residence in Caserta, near Naples, constructed for the Borbone kings of Naples. ... This is a list of cities and towns in the fictional Star Wars universe. ... Lake Como (Lago di Como in Italian, also known as Lario; Latin: Larius Lacus) is a lake of glacial origin in Lombardy, Italy. ... Death Valley National Park is a mostly arid United States National Park located east of the Sierra Nevada mountain range in southern Inyo County and northern San Bernardino County in California with a small extension into southwestern Nye County and extreme southern Esmeralda County in Nevada. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ...


Both the "original trilogy" and the "prequel trilogy" were each released over a period of six years (1977 – 1983 and 1999 – 2005, respectively), each film taking two years to produce.


Musical score

Main article: Star Wars music

The scores for all six Star Wars films were composed by John Williams. Lucas' design for Star Wars involved a grand musical sound, with leitmotifs for different characters and important concepts--an approach used to great effect, for instance, in the operas of Richard Wagner. Recent re-release of John Williams compositions for A New Hope, The Empire Strikes Back, and Return of the Jedi. ... For other persons named John Williams, see John Williams (disambiguation). ... Lucas may refer to: // Geography Several places in the United States of America: Lucas, Kansas Lucas County, Ohio Places in Canada: Lucas, British Columbia Lucas, Nova Scotia Lucas, Ontario Film Lucas, a 1986 film. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 1813 – 13 February 1883) was a German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as they were later called). ...


Williams' score for Star Wars in 1977 set a new standard for science-fiction/fantasy films by drawing its inspiration primarily from a palette of Romantic rather than avant-garde music. In choosing this approach, Williams somewhat followed the lead of 2001: A Space Odyssey, which director Stanley Kubrick scored with preexisting classical works rather than an original score. (Alex North's original score was rejected and unused.) George Lucas set the first Star Wars to a temp track of concert works by Wagner, Tchaikovsky, Holst and others. Williams' score did not borrow material from these masterworks, but followed in their footsteps in terms of scope and, to some degree, harmonic language. Williams' scores for the original trilogy were primarily motif-based: individual characters and concepts were each given their own unique musical theme which would identify their presence in the film, whether physically or figuratively. By combining and varying these motifs, Williams could create a score possessed of a rich, interwoven fabric. Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... The era of Romantic music is defined as the period of European classical music that runs roughly from the early 1800s to the first decade of the 20th century, as well as music written according to the norms and styles of that period. ... A work similar to Marcel Duchamps Fountain Avant garde (written avant-garde) is a French phrase, one of many French phrases used by English speakers. ... “Kubrick” redirects here. ... Alex North (December 4, 1910 - September 8, 1991) was an American composer responsible for the first jazz based film score (A Streetcar Named Desire) and the first truly modernist film score (Viva Zapata!). Born Isadore Soifer in Chester, Pennsylvania, Alex North was an original composer probably even by the classical... George Walton Lucas, Jr. ... Wagner may refer to more than one place in the United States: Wagner, South Dakota Wagner, Wisconsin Wagner may refer to more than one person: Richard Wagner, German composer Cosima Wagner, daughter of Franz Liszt and wife of Richard Wagner Heinrich Leopold Wagner, dramatist and author John Peter Honus Wagner... Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (Russian Пётр Ильи́ч Чайко́вский, sometimes transliterated as Piotr, Anglicised as Peter Ilich), (May 7, 1840 – November 6, 1893 (N.S.); April 25, 1840 – October... Holst may be: Adriaan Roland Holst (1888 - 1976), Dutch writer Gustav Holst (1874 - 1934), British composer Imogen Holst (1907 - 1984), British conductor, composer and writer, daughter of Gustav This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Harmony is the use and study of pitch simultaneity, and therefore chords, actual or implied, in music. ...


Although Williams had already established himself as a popular film composer with scores for blockbusters such as The Poseidon Adventure and Jaws, the Star Wars score brought him international recognition. A film score is the background music in a film, generally specially written for the film and often used to heighten emotions provoked by the imagery on the screen or by the dialogue. ... The Poseidon Adventure is a 1972 action/adventure/disaster film based on a novel by Paul Gallico. ... It has been suggested that Orca (Jaws boat) be merged into this article or section. ...


By the time of the prequel trilogy, however, Williams had grown and changed as a composer. His new scores deemphasized leitmotifs, tending to weave shorter motifs subtly into broader and more dynamic musical compositions. He had also expanded his use of thematic motifs, using the technique to highlight the emotional or archetypal structure of the film, rather than the more literal associations to character and setting used in the earlier scores. A leitmotif (also spelled leitmotiv) is a recurring musical theme, associated within a particular piece of music with a particular person, place or idea. ...


Re-releases

Main article: List of changes in Star Wars re-releases

In 1997, A New Hope, The Empire Strikes Back, and Return of the Jedi were re-mastered and theatrically re-released as the "Special Editions." It was one of the first films series to be re-mastered in this way. For the re-release, in addition to extensive clean-up and restoration work, Lucas also made several changes to the films in order to "finish the film the way it was meant to be" (as Lucas said in a September 2004 interview with the Associated Press). Many of Lucas' changes for the Special Editions were cosmetic, generally adding computer generated effects which were not originally possible. Other changes, however, are considered to have affected plot or character development. These changes, such as the change often referred to by fans as "Han shot first", have proven to be controversial, inciting considerable criticism of George Lucas by fans, and was one of the first cases of what came to be known as "Lucas bashing." The following are partial lists of changes in Star Wars re-releases. ... The following are partial lists of changes in Star Wars re-releases. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... In Star Wars fandom, the phrase Han shot first refers to the changes made to a scene in Episode IV, involving the characters Han Solo and Greedo in the Mos Eisley Cantina. ...


In 2004, in addition to an extensive and comprehensive hi-definition digital cleanup and restoration job by Lowry Digital Images, the original films were changed once again for their release on DVD. In these new versions of the films, in addition to new scenes and major image adjustments designed to make the films visually resemble the prequels, a few changes which had been made for the 1997 Special Editions were removed. With this release, Lucasfilm created a new high-definition master of the films, which will be used in future releases as well. Lowry Digital Imaging is a digital film restoration company founded in 1988 by John D. Lowry and based in Burbank, California. ...


Although the original films have undergone significant alterations over the years, the prequel films have received only minor changes from their theatrical versions. The DVD releases of The Phantom Menace, Attack of the Clones, and Revenge of the Sith have had such elements altered as small additions of scenes, touch-ups in effects, and small sound changes.


For many years, Lucas had stated that the original, unaltered versions of the trilogy would never be released again, having been released for the last time on VHS and Laserdisc in 1995. However, on May 3, 2006, Lucasfilm announced on the official Star Wars site that due to "overwhelming demand," the original versions would be released on DVD on September 12, 2006. Each film was released as a two-disc set with the 2004 versions of the films on one disc, and the original, unaltered film on the second disc, as a bonus feature. The set was available until December 31, 2006, when it was withdrawn from the market. Not to be confused with disk laser, a type of solid-state laser in a flat configuration. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


There has been controversy surrounding this release, since it was revealed that the DVDs featured non-anamorphic versions of the original, unaltered films based on laserdisc releases from 1993 (as opposed to newly-remastered, film-based transfers). Since non-anamorphic transfers fail to make full use of the resolution available on widescreen sets, many fans were upset over this choice. The laserdisc releases utilized the PCM format for the stereo soundtrack, while the DVDs contain the more compressed Dolby Digital 2.0 format. Dolby Digital is a mandatory format for DVD, but the lack of the superior PCM format is also upsetting to some fans. [10] PCM is an initialism which can have different meanings: Phase Change Material Pulse-code modulation, a way to digitally encode signals representing sound and their video counterparts Potential Cancer Marker Communist Party of Mexico Plug Compatible Manufacturer Power-train control module, a computer in a car which controls the car...


Future releases

At a ShoWest convention in 2005, George Lucas demonstrated new technology and stated that he planned to release all six films in a new 3-D film format, beginning with A New Hope in 2007.[11] However, by January 2007, Lucasfilm stated on StarWars.com that "there are no definitive plans or dates for releasing the Star Wars saga in 3-D." At Celebration Europe in July 2007, Rick McCallum confirmed that Lucasfilm is "planning to take all six films and turn them into 3-D," but they are "waiting for the companies out there that are developing this technology to bring it down to a cost level that makes it worthwhile for everybody".[12] In film, the term 3-D (or 3D) is used to describe any visual presentation system that attempts to maintain or recreate moving images of the third dimension, the illusion of depth as seen by the viewer. ...


Lucas has hinted in the past that he will release his definitive (often called "archival") editions of all six of his Star Wars films on a next-generation home-video format. It has been speculated that he will take this opportunity to make any final adjustments, changes, additions, and/or subtractions to his films for this final release. An altered clip from The Phantom Menace included in a featurette on the DVD release of Revenge of the Sith (in which a computer generated Yoda replaces the original puppet) appears to be a sign that the "archival" editions are indeed in the works. Lucasfilm Vice President of Marketing Jim Ward confirmed that Lucasfilm is likely to do even more work on the films (possibly digital contemporization of the original trilogy), stating "As the technology evolves and we get into a high-definition platform that is easily consumable by our customers, the situation is much better, but there will always be work to be done."[13]


Producer Rick McCallum has also explained that Lucasfilm has been holding back a large amount of bonus material for this release, including deleted scenes, as well as numerous previous Star Wars "making-ofs," spin-offs, television specials, documentaries, and other special material.[citation needed]


Television rights

The original Star Wars film (Episode IV) first saw TV release in February 1983 on HBO,Showtime, and the Movie channel. (Cinemax would not air it until November 2006) The original asking price was $1 per subscriber which would cover the entire production budget for the film solely from money from HBO. CBS had exclusive network rights when it aired on commercial television one year later, and continued on CBS for several years. The remaining films in the original trilogy also aired on premium cable before airing on network television (NBC acquired the original network rights to The Empire Strikes Back and Return of the Jedi). This article is about the broadcast network. ... This article is about the television network. ...


In 1992, the Sci-Fi Channel became the first U.S. network to air the three then-existing episodes in the saga. Sci-Fi and USA Network retained TV rights until 1996, in preparation for the theatrical release of the "Special Editions" of the original trilogy. In 1998, a year after the SE releases, Showtime acquired limited one-month premium cable rights to the "Special Edition" of Star Wars for airing in January. It continued on broadcast stations, including superstations TBS and WGN, for several years after). SCI FI (originally Sci-Fi Channel, sometimes rendered SCI FI Channel when part of a longer phrase) is an American cable television channel, launched on September 24, 1992, specializing in science fiction, fantasy, horror, and paranormal programming. ... This article is about the pay TV channel. ... TBS also stands for Tokyo Broadcasting System, a Japanese television network. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


In 1999, to promote Episode I: The Phantom Menace, the remaining "Special Edition" films (V and VI) aired on U.S. broadcast network Fox (they bypassed premium cable for direct broadcast airing). That same year, Fox acquired all television rights to Episode I after the premium cable networks declined due to cost. A similar situation nearly happened with Attack of the Clones, until HBO struck a last-minute deal with Fox and Lucasfilm for the exclusive pay-cable rights. Episode II, like its predecessor, never saw prior pay-per-view cable release, but it did run on HBO and sister network Cinemax during its 18-month term of license. Film poster for Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace is a 1999 film by George Lucas starring Liam Neeson, Ewan McGregor, Natalie Portman, and Jake Lloyd. ... The Fox Broadcasting Company is a television network in the United States. ... Film poster for Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones (2002) is the fifth Star Wars science fiction movie released and the second part of the prequel trilogy which began with Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace. ... For other uses, see HBO (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


The Fox network acquired the U.S. network television rights, in April/May 2005, to promote the then-upcoming Episode III: Revenge of the Sith, with Episodes I, IV, V, and VI placed in limited syndicated television distribution, (on Fox affiliates in most markets) while the Fox network was able to air Episode II in mid-May, prior to Episode III's initial theatrical release. Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith is the third episode of the Star Wars film series (but the sixth film to be produced), to be released on Thursday, May 19, 2005. ... In the television industry (as in radio), syndication is the sale of the right to broadcast programs to multiple stations, without going through a broadcast network. ...


The six films have aired on HBO and Cinemax in both standard & High Definition. The versions of Episodes IV, V, and VI that are airing are the 2004 DVD Special Editions, as they are the current canonical versions. In the UK, Sky purchased the rights to air all six films in August 2006, becoming the first United-Kingdom based television network to air all six films, which will be aired in order of release, beginning with Episode IV. Afterwards, the episodes will continue to be shown during the "100 films a month" cycles on Sky Movies.[14]


During negotiations for the cable rights to Episode II, HBO/Cinemax also struck a first-look deal for Episode III, which they accepted and is currently on its initial 18-month term of license (it was also the only Star Wars prequel film to see any pay-per-view cable issue). In addition, the Time Warner-owned networks were able to win the right to become the first U.S. television network system (cable or broadcast) to air all six films in the saga. On November 11, 2006 Cinemax aired all six films in rotation in both standard & High Definition. (Cinemax had never aired the original Star Wars (Episode IV) prior to this date, and at the explicit request of Lucasfilm, the high definition broadcasts were in the original scope aspect ratio.) Time Warner Inc. ...


In a separate deal, Spike TV acquired the commercial broadcast rights to Episode III, including the right to become the first broadcast network to air all six films (the deal takes effect after the HBO/Cinemax rights expire in April 2008). From late December 2006 to early January 2007, Star Movies Asia aired the complete saga for their region. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Expanded Universe

The term "Expanded Universe" (abbreviated EU) has come into existence as an umbrella term for all of the officially licensed Star Wars material outside of the six feature films. This includes television productions, books, comics, games, and other forms of media. The material expands and continues the stories told in the films, taking place anywhere from 25,000 years before The Phantom Menace to 140 years after Return of the Jedi. The first Expanded Universe story appeared in Marvel Comics' Star Wars #7 in January 1978 (the first six issues of the series having been an adaptation of the film), followed quickly by Alan Dean Foster's novel Splinter of the Mind's Eye the following month. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the comic book company. ... Alan Dean Foster (born November 18, 1946) is a prolific American writer of science fiction and fantasy novels and movie novelizations. ... The original paperback cover. ...


George Lucas retains ultimate creative control over the Star Wars universe. For example, the death of central characters and similar changes in the status quo must first pass his screening before authors are given the go-ahead. In addition, Lucasfilm Licensing devotes considerable effort to ensure continuity between the works of various authors across multiple companies.


Some purists, and many fans, reject the Expanded Universe as "Apocrypha," believing that only the events in the film series are part of the "real" Star Wars universe, though elements of the Expanded Universe have been adopted by Lucas for use in the films. These included the name of the Republic/Empire capital planet, Coruscant, which first appeared in Timothy Zahn's novel Heir to the Empire before being used in The Phantom Menace, while a character introduced in Dark Horse Comics' Star Wars series, a blue Jedi Knight named Aayla Secura, was liked enough by Lucas to be included as a character in Attack of the Clones.[15] Apocrypha (from the Greek word , meaning those having been hidden away[1]) are texts of uncertain authenticity or writings where the authorship is questioned. ... Coruscant Coruscant (pronounced //) is a fictional planet in the Star Wars universe. ... Timothy Zahn (born September 1, 1951) is a science fiction novelist. ... Heir to the Empire is the first book in a trilogy of novels known as The Thrawn Trilogy, all written by Timothy Zahn. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Aayla Secura is a character in the fictional Star Wars universe. ...


Television/spin-offs

To date, three films and three animated series have been produced for television, with a live-action series in pre-production. For the most part, Lucas has played a large role in the production of the television projects — usually serving as storywriter and/or executive producer.

Production
Release date
The Star Wars Holiday Special
November 17, 1978
Caravan of Courage: An Ewok Adventure
November 25, 1984
From 'Star Wars' to 'Jedi': The Making of a Saga (Documentary)
1985
Star Wars: Droids
September 7, 1985
Star Wars: Ewoks
September 7, 1985
Ewoks: The Battle for Endor
November 24, 1985
Star Wars: Clone Wars
November 7, 2003
Star Wars: Clone Wars
2008
Star Wars live-action TV series
2009

This article or section contains a plot summary that is overly long or excessively detailed. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... Categories: Star Wars films | 1984 films | Movie stubs ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Ewoks: Battle for Endor (1985), retitled Star Wars Ewok Adventures: Battle for Endor for the DVD release, is a made-for-TV movie set in the Star Wars galaxy and sequel to The Ewok Adventure. ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Star Wars: Clone Wars (November 7, 2003 - present) is an animated Star Wars television series that chronicles the Clone Wars between the Republic under Chancellor Palpatine and the Confederacy of Independent Systems under Count Dooku. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Star Wars live-action TV series is a science fiction television series currently set to debut in 2009. ... 2009 (MMIX) will be a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Radio dramas

See also: Star Wars (radio)

A radio adaptation of A New Hope was first broadcast on National Public Radio in 1981. The adaptation was written by science fiction author Brian Daley and directed by John Madden. It was followed by adaptations of The Empire Strikes Back in 1983 and Return of the Jedi in 1996. The adaptations included background material created by Lucas but not used in the films. Mark Hamill, Anthony Daniels, and Billy Dee Williams reprised their roles as Luke Skywalker, C-3PO, and Lando Calrissian, respectively. The series also used John Williams' original score from the films and Ben Burtt's original sound designs. NPR Star Wars Radio Series promotional poster An expanded radio dramatization of the original Star Wars trilogy was produced in 1981, 1983, and 1996. ... “NPR” redirects here. ... Brian Daley (born Brian Charles Daley, 22 Dec 1947, Englewood, NJ; died, 11 Feb 1996 in Maryland, of pancreatic cancer) was an American science fiction novelist. ... John Philip Madden (born April 8, 1949) is an English director of theatre, film, television, and radio. ... Mark Richard Hamill (born September 25, 1951) is an American actor and voice actor. ... Anthony Daniels with C-3POs head. ... Billy Dee Williams (born April 6, 1937) is an American actor who for a period in the 1970s rivaled Sidney Poitier as the most popular black actor in American film. ... C-3PO (pronounced IPA: []., often shortened to Threepio) is a fictional character from the Star Wars universe, who appears in both the original Star Wars films and the prequel trilogy. ... Lando Calrissian is a fictional character in the Star Wars universe, portrayed by Billy Dee Williams. ... Ben Burtt (born July 12, 1948 in Syracuse, New York) is the archetypal sound designer (a term he invented) and sound editor for many famous and noteworthy films, as well as directing an Oscar-nominated documentary. ...


Novels

See also: List of Star Wars books

Star Wars-based fiction predates the release of the first film, with the 1976 novelization of Star Wars (ghost-written by Alan Dean Foster and credited to George Lucas). Foster's 1978 novel, Splinter of the Mind's Eye, was the first Expanded Universe work to be released. In addition to filling in the time between the films, this additional content greatly expanded the Star Wars timeline before and after the film series. This is a list of Star Wars books. ... Alan Dean Foster (born November 18, 1946) is a prolific American writer of science fiction and fantasy novels and movie novelizations. ... The original paperback cover. ...


Star Wars fiction flourished during the time of the original series (1977–1983) but slowed to a trickle afterwards. In 1991, however, Timothy Zahn's Thrawn Trilogy debuted, sparking a new interest in the Star Wars universe. Since then, several hundred tie-in novels have been published by Bantam and Del Rey. A similar resurgence in the Expanded Universe occurred in 1996 with the Steve Perry novel Shadows of the Empire, set between Episodes V and VI, and accompanying video game and comic book series. Timothy Zahn (born September 1, 1951) is a science fiction novelist. ... The Thrawn trilogy (also known as The Three Book Cycle and The Heir To The Empire Trilogy) are the three novels, Heir to the Empire, Dark Force Rising and The Last Command, written by Timothy Zahn and set in the Star Wars galaxy about five years after Return of the... Bantam may mean: American Bantam, a series of compact cars produced between 1937 and 1941 Bantam (chicken), a small (or miniaturized) domestic fowl Bantam (military), British Army jargon (First World War) for men below the minimum height for enlistment X-4 Bantam, a US test aircraft Bantam (city), a city... Random House is a publishing division of Bertelsmann AG. It was founded in 1927 by Bennett Cerf and Donald Klopfer, two years after they had acquired the Modern Library imprint. ...


LucasBooks radically changed the face of the Star Wars universe with the introduction of the New Jedi Order series, which takes place some 20 years after Return of the Jedi and stars a host of new characters alongside series originals. However, several significant events which occur during the course of this series (such as the death of a major film character) have sparked much fan criticism. The characters from The New Jedi Order series, based on NJO book covers. ... Chewbacca (or Chewie) is a fictional character in the Star Wars universe. ...


For younger audiences, three series have been introduced. The Jedi Apprentice series follows the adventures of Qui-Gon Jinn and his apprentice Obi-Wan Kenobi before Episode I. The Jedi Quest series follows the adventures of Obi-Wan Kenobi and his apprentice Anakin Skywalker after Episode I and before Episode II. The third and currently on-going series is The Last Of the Jedi series which follows the adventure of Obi-Wan Kenobi and the adventures of a surviving Jedi almost immediately after Episode III. All three series are written by Jude Watson.


Comics

See also: List of Star Wars comic books

Marvel Comics published Star Wars comic book series and adaptations from 1977 to 1986. A wide variety of creators worked on this series, including Roy Thomas, Archie Goodwin, Howard Chaykin, Al Williamson, Carmine Infantino, Gene Day, Walt Simonson, Michael Golden, Chris Claremont, Whilce Portacio, Jo Duffy, and Ron Frenz. They also published a Star Wars newspaper strip by Russ Manning, Steve Gerber, and Archie Goodwin, the latter under a pseudonym. In the late 1980s, Marvel announced it would publish a new Star Wars comic by Tom Veitch and Cam Kennedy. However, in December 1991, Dark Horse Comics acquired the Star Wars license and used it to launch a number of ambitious sequels to the original trilogy instead, including the very popular Dark Empire stories. They have since gone on to publish a large number of original adventures set in the Star Wars universe. This is a list of comic books set in the fictional Star Wars universe. ... This article is about the comic book company. ... Roy Thomas (born November 22, 1940, Missouri, United States) is a comic book writer and editor, and Stan Lees first successor as editor-in-chief of Marvel Comics. ... Archie Goodwin (September 8, 1937 – March 1, 1998) was an American comic book writer, editor, and artist. ... Howard Victor Chaykin (born 1950 in Newark, New Jersey) is an American comic book writer and artist famous for his innovative storytelling and sometimes controversial material. ... Al Williamson Al Williamson (March 21, 1931 - ) is an American cartoonist of partly Colombian descent. ... Cover for Spider-Woman #8 (November 1978). ... Howard Eugene Day (born 1951; died 23 September 1982) was a Canadian comic book artist best known for Marvel Comics Master of Kung Fu and its Star Wars licensed series. ... Star Slammers graphic novel (1983) Walter or, usually, Walt Simonson (born September 2, 1946) is a comic book writer and artist. ... Cover for Marvel Fanfare #1 by Michael Golden. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Whilce Portacio is a Filipino-American comic book artist. ... Mary Jo Duffy, often referred to simply as Jo Duffy, was a notable editor and writer of comic books for Marvel Comics in the 1980s. ... Ronald Wade Frenz is an American comic book artist born in Pittsburgh, Pa in 1960. ... Russell Manning (born 1929, California, United States; died 1981) was an American comic book artist who created the series Magnus, Robot Fighter and illustrated such newspaper comic strips as Tarzan and Star Wars. ... Stephen Ross Gerber (born 20 September 1947, St. ... The name Archie Goodwin can refer to: Archie Goodwin, the fictional detective character created by Rex Stout. ... Tom Veitch is an American writer, best known for his contributions to the Dark Horse line of Star Wars comicbook titles, notably Dark Empire and Tales of the Jedi. ... Cam Kennedy is a Scottish comicbook artist. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Dark Empire was a comic series produced by Dark Horse Comics set in the Star Wars Expanded Universe. ...


Games

See also: Star Wars computer and video games and List of Star Wars video games

Since 1982, over 120 video games have been published bearing the Star Wars name, beginning with Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back published for the Atari 2600 by Parker Brothers. Since then, Star Wars has opened the way to a myriad of space-flight simulation games, first-person shooter games, roleplaying games, RTS games, and others. Star Wars has spawned over one hundred computer and video games, dating back to some of the earliest home consoles. ... This is a list of LucasArts Star Wars games. ... This article is about computer and video games. ... The Atari 2600, released in October 1977, is the video game console credited with popularizing the use of microprocessor based hardware and cartridges containing game code, instead of having non-microprocessor dedicated hardware with all games built in. ... The Parker Brothers logo. ...


Two different official tabletop role-playing games have been developed for the Star Wars universe: a version by West End Games in the 1980s and 1990s, and one by Wizards of the Coast in the 2000s. This article is about games in which one plays the role of a character. ... The Star Wars Roleplaying Game is a roleplaying game set in the Star Wars universe, written by and published by West End Games between 1987 and 1999. ... The Star Wars Roleplaying Game is a d20 System-based role-playing game set in the Star Wars universe. ...


The successful Rogue Squadron series was introduced in the late 1990s with Star Wars: Rogue Squadron and its accompanying comic series.


In the Star Wars: Battlefront series, the player can choose to be on the Rebel Alliance, the Galactic Empire, the Separatists, or the Republic, depending on the situation. The player travels across many different exotic worlds. Within the many different modes of play, there is one named "Galactic Conquest" in which the player struggles against the opposing side for total control of the galaxy by moving their fleets across the map and fighting in a battle on each planet until the player controls all the planets. It also has online play for those competitive players who want to go beyond the AI players usually played against. It is the best selling Star Wars game to date. In the new game, Star Wars: Battlefront II, the player is given more gameplay and character options, as well as the chance to play as a Jedi or Sith.


In Lego Star Wars and its sequel, the films are played in a different way. In Star Wars: Empire at War, players can take control of either the Empire or the Rebellion and fight for control of the galaxy.


Sony Online Entertainment, developed a MMORPG called Star Wars Galaxies. In this game, which requires a monthly subscription fee, the player chooses a class, (Jedi, commando, smuggler, etc.) and fights for control of the galaxy by choosing to be on the Empire or the Rebel Alliance. The game was widely anticipated throughout the industry, and as of 2007, many, albeit in less numbers compared to the numbers around the initial games timeframe of release, players are still participating in it, and 3 expansions (Jump to Lightspeed, Rage of the Wookiees and Trials of Obi-Wan) have been made. An image from World of Warcraft, one of the largest commercial MMORPGs as of 2004, based on active subscriptions. ... For other uses, see Star Wars Galaxy. ...


LucasArts is also currently developing a next-gen Star Wars game for the PS3 and Xbox 360. The game, which is of the same name of the multimedia project which it is a part of, is entitled The Force Unleashed, and takes place in the largely unexplored time period between Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith and Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope and casts players as Darth Vader's "secret apprentice" hunting down the remaining Jedi. The game features a new game engine, and is set for a Spring 2008 release. “PS3” redirects here. ... It has been suggested that Xbox 360 Elite be merged into this article or section. ... Star Wars: The Force Unleashed is an upcoming video game developed and published by LucasArts. ... Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith is the third episode of the Star Wars film series (but the sixth film to be produced), to be released on Thursday, May 19, 2005. ... This movie poster for Star Wars depicts many of the films important elements, such as Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo, X-Wing and Y-Wing fighters Star Wars, retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope in 1981 (see note at Title,) is the original (and in chronological... Darth Vader is a fictional character in the Star Wars universe. ...


Trading cards

Star Wars trading cards[16] have been published since the first 'blue' series, by Topps, in 1977. Dozens of series have been produced, with Topps being the licensed creator in the United States. Some of the card series are of film stills, while others are original art. Many of the cards have become highly collectible with some very rare 'promos', such as the 1993 Galaxy Series II 'floating Yoda' P3 card often commanding US$1000 or more. While most 'base' or 'common card' sets are plentiful, many 'insert' or 'chase cards' are very rare. Star Wars card game cards are different from the trading cards. A thriving market for both types exists on eBay. First card of the 1st Topps series. ... The Topps Company, Inc. ... The Topps Company, Inc. ... A chase figure is a toy that is released in limited amounts relative to the rest of an assortment, often something like one chase figure for every two cases of regular product or similar. ... Various trading cards A trading card (or collectible card) is a small card which is intended for trading and collecting. ... eBay headquarters in San Jose eBay North First Street satellite office campus (home to PayPal) eBay Inc. ...


Fan works

See also: Star Wars fan films

The Star Wars saga has inspired many fans to create their own stories set in the Star Wars galaxy. In recent years, this has ranged from writing fan-fiction to creating fan films. A fan film is a film or video inspired by a film, television program, comic book or a similar source, created by fans rather than by the sources copyright holders or creators. ...


In 2002, Lucasfilm sponsored the first annual Official Star Wars Fan Films Awards, officially recognizing filmmakers and the genre. Because of concerns over potential copyright and trademark issues, however, the contest remains open only to parodies, mockumentaries, and documentaries. Fan-fiction films set in the Star Wars universe were originally ineligible, but in 2007 Lucasfilm changed the submission standards to allow in-universe fiction entries. Official Star Wars Fan Film Awards Trophy The Official Star Wars Fan Film Awards is an annual contest put forth by Lucasfilm and Atomfilms to showcase and acknowledge the growing genre of fanfilms made by, for and about fans of the Star Wars saga. ...


While many of the serious fan films have used elements from the licensed Expanded Universe to tell their story, they are obviously not considered an official part of the Star Wars canon. Lucasfilm, for the most part, has allowed but not endorsed the creation of these derivative fan-fiction works, so long as no such work attempts to make a profit from or tarnish the Star Wars franchise in any way.


Lucasfilm's open support and sanction of fan creations is a marked contrast to the attitudes of many other copyright holders. Some owners, such as Paramount Pictures with the Star Trek properties, have been known to actively discourage the creation of such works by fans. Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ... The current Star Trek franchise logo Star Trek is an American science fiction entertainment series and media franchise. ...


Legacy

The Star Wars saga has had a significant impact on modern global pop culture. After many years, some even began to view it as the "World Epic," with comparisons made to the national epics of ancient history. Science fiction since Star Wars, particularly in films, has often been influenced by and compared to Star Wars. References to the main characters and themes of Star Wars are casually made in American society with the well-justified assumption that others will understand the reference. George Lucas is also famous for using the best possible cameras and technology (see also Industrial Light and Magic) in his films. Many say that the visual and virtual effects that take over today's films would have never been created if not for Lucas's revolutionizing of the film industry with Star Wars. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Popular culture, or pop culture, is the vernacular (peoples) culture that prevails in a modern society. ... A national epic is an epic poem or similar work which seeks or is believed to capture and express the essence or spirit of a particular nation; not necessarily a nation-state, but at least an ethnic or linguistic group with aspirations to independence or autonomy. ... Industrial Light & Magic original logo, designed by Drew Struzan Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) is a motion picture special visual effects company, founded in May 1975 by George Lucas and owned by Lucasfilm Ltd. ...


Parodies

Both the film and characters have been parodied or spoofed in popular films and television. Notable film parodies of Star Wars include: Hardware Wars, a 13 minute 1977 spoof which George Lucas has called his favorite Star Wars parody;[17] Spaceballs, a feature film by Mel Brooks which featured effects done by George Lucas' Industrial Light & Magic [18]; and Troops, a COPS-style documentary. Dawn French and Jennifer Saunders also created a parody of Star Wars on their comedy sketch show French & Saunders. Another parody, R2D2-Beneath the Dome was created in 2002 by Lucasfilm Ltd. It features many people, among them George Lucas and Francis Ford Coppola. It's not rated and projects R2D2 as an actor born in Bollocks, England; coverage of his evolution as a person before an actor is quite hilarious. Fluke Starbucker, Chewchilla the Wookiee Monster, Ham Salad, and Augie Ben Doggie. ... Spaceballs is a 1987 science fiction parody film co-written, directed by, and starring Mel Brooks. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... TROOPS is a mockumentary film by Kevin Rubio that made its debut on the internet in 1997. ... Look up cop in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Dawn Roma French[1] (born 11 October 1957) is a BAFTA Award-nominated British comedian and actress best known for starring in her comedy sketch show French & Saunders along with her comedy partner Jennifer Saunders, and for playing the lead role in The Vicar of Dibley as Geraldine Granger. ... Jennifer Jane Saunders (born 12 July 1958) is a BAFTA Award-winning English comedienne, actress, and comedy writer. ... French & Saunders is a British sketch comedy television show written by and starring Dawn French and Jennifer Saunders, and also the name by which the performers are known on the rare occasions when they appear elsewhere as a double act. ...


There have been numerous parodic references to Star Wars in films such as Back to the Future, Ferris Bueller's Day Off, Hot Shots! Part Deux, and most of the films of Kevin Smith. In 1997, the first film's twentieth anniversary, Saturday Night Live featured a pair of skits that parodied the film's screen tests, which included Kevin Spacey playing Christopher Walken auditioning for Han Solo. Walken was originally considered for the role before Harrison Ford was chosen. This article is about the first film in the Back to the Future trilogy. ... Ferris Buellers Day Off is a 1986 comedy film written and directed by John Hughes. ... Hot Shots! Part Deux is a 1993 comedy spoof film, and a sequel to the 1991 comedy Hot Shots! Directed again by Jim Abrahams, the film again stars Charlie Sheen, Lloyd Bridges, Valeria Golino, Richard Crenna, Brenda Bakke, Miguel Ferrer, Ryan Stiles, Rowan Atkinson, and Jerry Haleva. ... For other persons named Kevin Smith, see Kevin Smith (disambiguation). ... This article is about the American television series. ... Kevin Spacey (born July 26, 1959) is a two-time Academy Award-winning American actor (film and stage) and director. ... Christopher Walken (born March 31, 1943) is an Academy Award-winning American film and theatre actor. ... Han Solo is a character in the Star Wars universe. ... For the silent film actor, see Harrison Ford (silent film actor). ...


Star Wars has also been parodied in numerous cartoons, such as The Simpsons, Family Guy, South Park, Dexter's Laboratory, Teen Titans, Robot Chicken, Animaniacs, The Fairly OddParents, The Adventures of Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius and many others. Simpsons redirects here. ... Family Guy is an Emmy award winning American animated television series about a nuclear family in the fictional town of Quahog (IPA or ), Rhode Island. ... This article is about the TV series. ... Dexters Laboratory (Dexters Lab for short and also the name for the mini series which involved his robot dog) is an American animated television series created by Genndy Tartakovsky. ... Teen Titans is an American Animated television series created by Sam Register and Glen Murakami and produced by Warner Bros. ... List of Robot Chicken episodes Robot Chicken: Star Wars is a special episode of the television comedy series Robot Chicken. ... This article is about the television series. ... The Fairly OddParents is an American animated television series about the adventures of a boy who has two fairy godparents. ... The Adventures of Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius is a spin-off of the Oscar-nominated computer-animated movie; Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius, first officially aired in September 2002. ...


Songs

There have been many songs based on, and in, the Star Wars universe. The most notable of these are "Weird Al" Yankovic's Yoda, (a parody of The Kinks' "Lola"), which describes Luke's training with the "wrinkled and green" Jedi master, and The Saga Begins, (a parody of Don McLean's "American Pie"), which chronicles the events of Episode I. The latter of these was released one week before the film. On Blink-182's album "Dude Ranch," the track "A New Hope" discusses the bassist Mark Hoppus' obsession with Princess Leia. A New Zealand Rapper, MC Stormtroopa, sings only about Star Wars and has released a free EP called "The Dark Side Of The Death Star." [19] MxPx's song "Empire" (which is included in a "songs inspired by" soundtrack for The Passion of the Christ) has a lyric that reads: "You're the Empire or the Rebellion." This article is about the musician himself. ... Yoda is a song derived from the song Lola by The Kinks parodied by Weird Al Yankovic. ... The Kinks were an English rock group formed in 1963 by lead singer-songwriter Ray Davies, his brother, lead guitarist and vocalist Dave Davies, and bassist Pete Quaife. ... Lola is a popular song by the Kinks which details an encounter between a naive young man and another man dressing as a woman and passing as Lola in a Soho club. ... The Saga Begins is a parody by Weird Al Yankovic, released from the 1999 album Running With Scissors. ... For other people with similar names see Don MacLean. ... American Pie is an eight-and-a-half minute long classic rock song by singer-songwriter Don McLean, about the day the music died. Recorded in 1971 and released that year on the album of the same name, it was a number-one U.S. hit in 1972. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... MxPx is a punk band comprised of three Christians that formed in 1992 in Bremerton, Washington, United States as teenagers. ... This article is about the film. ... Galactic empires are a fairly common theme in science fiction. ... In the fictional Star Wars universe, the Rebel Alliance, or more formally, the Alliance to Restore the Republic, is an interstellar terrorist force formed in direct military opposition to the Galactic Empire. ...


In late 1977, at the height of the original Star Wars craze, comedian Bill Murray portrayed Lounge Lizard Nick Winters on Saturday Night Live and sang a swanky version of the Star Wars theme, complete with inane improvised lyrics.[20] Carrie Fisher reprised her role as Princess Leia on SNL in a parody of Star Wars and the old beach party movies with Frankie Avalon and Annette Funicello with Fisher as Annette singing about Obi Wan Kenobi William James Bill Murray (born September 21, 1950) is an Academy Award-nominated, Emmy-winning and Golden Globe-winning American comedian and actor. ... This article is about the American television series. ... Carrie Frances Fisher (born October 21, 1956) is an American actress, screenwriter and novelist. ...


In 1977 an album called Star Wars and Other Galactic Funk was released by Meco which featured disco remixes of Star Wars music. Other songs based on the Star Wars saga include The Star Wars Gangsta Rap and Star Wars Cantina. Northern Ireland band Ash released an album called 1977, named in honor of the year Star Wars was released,[21] on which "Lose Control" used sound bytes of a TIE Fighter, and a song entitled "Darkside Lightside" is an obvious reference to the mythology created by the films. Star Wars and Other Galactic Funk is a disco album released in 1977. ... Meco (born Domenico Monardo, 29 November 1939 in Johnsonburg, Pennsylvania, U.S.) is a record producer and musician. ... This article is about the music genre. ... The Mos Eisley Cantina is a fictional bar (cantina) of the Star Wars universe located in the pirate city of Mos Eisley on the planet Tatooine. ... Ash are an alternative rock band that formed in Downpatrick, Northern Ireland in 1992. ... TIE Fighter, see X-wing computer game series. ...


"Rocket Roll" band, The Phenomenauts mention that their intergalactic tour van "The Phenomenator": "Does the Kessel Run in one parsec." The Phenomenauts are a San Francisco Bay Area band that combine elements of rock and roll, pop, punk, New Wave, and rockabilly along with a futuristic science fiction theme, dubbing their style Rocket Roll. The Phenomenauts were formed in 2000 in Oakland, California (which the band refers to as Earth...


Supernova recorded the song "Chewbacca" for the soundtrack of Kevin Smith's movie Clerks. The entire lyrics are "Chewie! Chewbacca! What a wookie!," with what appears to be samples of a Wookie. Supernova is an American pop punk band formed in 1989 in Costa Mesa, California. ... For other persons named Kevin Smith, see Kevin Smith (disambiguation). ... This article is about the film. ... A Wookiee is a member of a fictional race of hairy bipeds in the Star Wars universe. ...


Adult Swim icon MC Chris recorded the rap song "Fett's Vette" which details the lifestyle of the legendary bounty hunter Boba Fett. Chris Ward (born September 2, 1975), otherwise known as mc chris, is a nerdcore rapper, voice actor, and improvisational comedian born in Illinois, USA. He currently self releases on his own label Jet Pack Industries, LLC. His trademarks include the synthesis of his geek heritage with the gangster image associated... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Politics

When Ronald Reagan proposed the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), a system of lasers and missiles meant to intercept incoming ICBMs, the plan was quickly labeled "Star Wars," implying that it was science fiction and linking it to Ronald Reagan's acting career. According to Frances Fitzgerald, Ronald Reagan was annoyed by this, but Assistant Secretary of Defense Richard Perle told colleagues that he "thought the name was not so bad."; "'Why not?' he said. 'It's a good movie. Besides, the good guys won.'"[22] Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981 – 1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967 – 1975). ... The Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) was proposed by U.S. President Ronald Reagan on March 23, 1983[1] to use ground-based and space-based systems to protect the United States from attack by strategic nuclear ballistic missiles. ... See also Frances Fitzgerald (Irish politician) Frances FitzGerald (born 1940) is an American journalist best known for her work Fire in the Lake: The Vietnamese and the Americans in Vietnam (1972). ... Richard Norman Perle (born 16 September 1941 in New York City) is an American political advisor and lobbyist who worked for the Reagan administration as an assistant Secretary of Defense and worked on the Defense Policy Board Advisory Committee from 1987 to 2004. ...


This gained further resonance when Reagan described the Soviet Union as an Evil Empire (which phrase, like the term he used for the Contras, "freedom fighters", was taken verbatim from the opening crawl to A New Hope). The term evil empire was applied to the former Soviet Union (USSR) by U.S. President Ronald Reagan, American conservatives, and other Americans, particularly hawks. ... For other uses, see Contra. ...


John McCain originally likened himself to Luke Skywalker during the 2000 campaign for the Republican presidential nomination, repeatedly hefting lightsabers and calling Jerry Falwell an "evil influence" on the GOP. His embrace of the right leading up to the 2008 election prompted journalists to liken him to "a fallen Jedi knight."[23] “McCain” redirects here. ... Look up republican in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about Jerry Falwell, Sr. ... Presidential electoral votes by state The United States Presidential election of 2008 will be held on November 4, 2008. ...


See also

Star Wars Portal

Here are some of the general articles featured in the Star Wars portal. For a detailed outline of the Star Wars Wikipedia articles, please see the Star Wars category. Image File history File links Portal. ...


General information

The Star Wars Actors Database Over 700 Star Wars actors listed with biographies, photos, in-depth credit listings and more. ... This is a list of Star Wars books. ... This is a list of comic books set in the fictional Star Wars universe. ... Star Wars has spawned over one hundred computer and video games, dating back to some of the earliest home consoles. ... NPR Star Wars Radio Series promotional poster An expanded radio dramatization of the original Star Wars trilogy was produced in 1981, 1983, and 1996. ... The science fantasy interstellar epic Star Wars uses science and technology in its settings and storylines, though they are not considered hard science fiction. ...

Star Wars universe

This is a list of creatures in the fictional Star Wars universe. ... The fictional Star Wars universe features an intricate array of weapons that have uses and powers ranging from interpersonal combat to destroying entire space stations or even planets and solar systems in single sweeps. ... Fans of the Star Wars fictional universe keep track of the dates of key events with a dating system (or calendar) reckoned at the Battle of Yavin featured in Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope. ...

References

  1. ^ "Star Wars' Earnings", AOL UK Money, 2007-14-05. 
  2. ^ Titled Star Wars, with no episode title, in original release.
  3. ^ Empire of Dreams: The Story of the Star Wars Trilogy Star Wars Trilogy Box Set DVD documentary, [2004]
  4. ^ The Force Is With Them: The Legacy of Star Wars Star Wars Original Trilogy DVD Box Set: Bonus Materials, [2004]
  5. ^ http://scifi.about.com/library/starwars/bl-sixornine.htm
  6. ^ http://www.starwarz.com/starkiller/scripts.htm
  7. ^ Empire of Dreams documentary (extended), 2004 Star Wars DVD Box Set Bonus disk
  8. ^ Sergi, Gianluca. "Tales of the Silent Blast: Star Wars and Sound." Journal of Popular Film & Television, Spring 1998. Vol.26, No.1
  9. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0076759/locations
  10. ^ http://www.homemediaretailing.com/news/html/breaking_article.cfm?sec_id=2&&article_ID=9173
  11. ^ http://film.guardian.co.uk/News_Story/Guardian/0,4029,1440820,00.html
  12. ^ Rick McCallum Talks Live Action TV Series and Star Wars 3-D. The Official Star Wars Blog (2007-07-14). Retrieved on 2007-07-17.
  13. ^ http://www.apple.com/pro/film/lowry/starwars/index2.html
  14. ^ http://www.skymovies.com/skymovies/starwarsvstartrek/
  15. ^ http://www.starwars.com/episode-ii/bts/profile/f20020618/index.html
  16. ^ http://starwarscards.net
  17. ^ "Hardware Wars": The movie, the legend, the household appliances
  18. ^ Mel Brooks' DVD Audio Commentary
  19. ^ http://www.virb.com/mcstormtroopa
  20. ^ Changing his stripes
  21. ^ http://www.artistdirect.com/nad/music/artist/bio/0,,516339,00.html
  22. ^ www.nytimes.com/books/first/f/fitzgerald-blue.html. Retrieved on 2007-05-26.
  23. ^ https://ssl.tnr.com/p/docsub.mhtml?i=w070312&s=chait031207

Empire of Dreams is a documentary about the Star Wars saga. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • Books about religion/philosophy and Star Wars:
    • Peace Knights of the Soul: Wisdom in 'Star Wars', by Jon Snodgrass, Ph.D., Foreword by Jonathan Young, Ph.D.ISBN 0-9755214-7-0
    • The Tao of Star Wars by John M. Porter ISBN 0-89334-385-4
    • The Dharma of Star Wars by Matthew Bortolin ISBN 0-86171-497-0
    • Star Wars And Philosophy by Kevin S. Decker, Jason T. Eberl, William Irwin ISBN 0-8126-9583-6
    • Christian Wisdom of the Jedi Masters by Dick Staub ISBN 978-0-7879-7894-5
  • "Conception" section based on: The Star Wars Timeline Gold-Appendice L-Understanding the Lost Episodes (p. 141 – 142).
    • The Tao of Star Wars by John M. Porter ISBN 0-89334-385-4
  • On the influence of Joseph Campbell on the Star Wars films:
    • Peace Knights of the Soul: Wisdom in 'Star Wars', by Jon Snodgrass, Ph.D., Foreword by Jonathan Young, Ph.D.ISBN 0-9755214-7-0
    • Henderson, Mary. Star Wars: The Magic of Myth. Companion volume to the exhibition at the National Air and Space Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. New York: Bantam, 1997.
    • Larsen, Stephen and Robin Larsen. Joseph Campbell: A Fire in the Mind. Rochester, Vermont: Inner Traditions, 2002.
    • Moyers, Bill and Joseph Campbell. The Power of Myth. Anchor; Reissue edition (1991) ISBN 0-385-41886-8

The Dharma of Star Wars is a book by Matthew Bortolin. ... For other uses, see Joseph Campbell (disambiguation). ... The Power of Myth is a book and six part television documentary first broadcast on PBS in 1988 as Joseph Campbell and the Power of Myth. ...

External links

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Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is a sister project of Wikipedia, using the same MediaWiki software. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Wikinews is a free-content news source and a project of the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ... Film poster for Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace is a 1999 film by George Lucas starring Liam Neeson, Ewan McGregor, Natalie Portman, and Jake Lloyd. ... Film poster for Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones (2002) is the fifth Star Wars science fiction movie released and the second part of the prequel trilogy which began with Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace. ... Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith is the third episode of the Star Wars film series (but the sixth film to be produced), to be released on Thursday, May 19, 2005. ... This movie poster for Star Wars depicts many of the films important elements, such as Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo, X-Wing and Y-Wing fighters Star Wars, retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope in 1981 (see note at Title,) is the original (and in chronological... Movie poster Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back is the sequel to the first released Star Wars movie, and the second film released in the original trilogy. ... Movie poster Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi, is a science fiction film that debuted in 1983, and re-released with changes in 1997 and 2004. ... This article or section contains a plot summary that is overly long or excessively detailed. ... Categories: Star Wars films | 1984 films | Movie stubs ... Ewoks: Battle for Endor (1985), retitled Star Wars Ewok Adventures: Battle for Endor for the DVD release, is a made-for-TV movie set in the Star Wars galaxy and sequel to The Ewok Adventure. ... PAL video cover A spin-off of the animated television show Star Wars: Droids, which was itself a spin-off from the Star Wars franchise, The Great Heep saw C-3PO and R2-D2 travel to Biitu, and confront an evil droid named The Great Heep. External links Technical Commentaries... Star Wars: Clone Wars (November 7, 2003 - present) is an animated Star Wars television series that chronicles the Clone Wars between the Republic under Chancellor Palpatine and the Confederacy of Independent Systems under Count Dooku. ... The Star Wars live-action TV series is a science fiction television series currently set to debut in 2009. ... This is a list of Star Wars books. ... This is a list of comic books set in the fictional Star Wars universe. ... This is a list of LucasArts Star Wars games. ... The sequel trilogy was a rumored film trilogy sequel to the original Star Wars trilogy, to be made by Lucasfilm. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This is a list of creatures in the fictional Star Wars universe. ... Fans of the Star Wars fictional universe keep track of the dates of key events with a dating system (or calendar) reckoned at the Battle of Yavin featured in Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope. ... George Walton Lucas, Jr. ... THX 1138 was George Lucas first full length movie. ... American Graffiti is a 1973 film directed by George Lucas. ... This movie poster for Star Wars depicts many of the films important elements, such as Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo, X-Wing and Y-Wing fighters Star Wars, retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope in 1981 (see note at Title,) is the original (and in chronological... Film poster for Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace is a 1999 film by George Lucas starring Liam Neeson, Ewan McGregor, Natalie Portman, and Jake Lloyd. ... Film poster for Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones (2002) is the fifth Star Wars science fiction movie released and the second part of the prequel trilogy which began with Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace. ... Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith is the third episode of the Star Wars film series (but the sixth film to be produced), to be released on Thursday, May 19, 2005. ... Look At Life is a short film by George Lucas. ... Herbie is a short film by George Lucas and Paul Golding made in 1966. ... Freiheit is a short film by George Lucas. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Anyone Lived in a Pretty How Town is a short film by George Lucas. ... 6-18-67 is a short film by George Lucas. ... Filmmaker is a short film by George Lucas. ... The Making of The Rain People is a documentary by George Lucas. ... Lucasfilm Ltd. ... Industrial Light + Magic is a motion picture special visual effects company, founded in July 1975 by George Lucas. ... Skywalker Sound is the renowned sound effects, sound editorial, sound design and music recording division of George Lucass Lucas Digital motion picture group. ... LucasArts is an American video game developer and publisher. ... Skywalker Ranch is the name of the well-disguised workplace of film director and producer George Lucas in secluded but open country near Nicasio, California. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
UGO's World of Star Wars - STARWARS.UGO.COM (579 words)
Star Wars: Episode III - Revenge of the Sith
Star Wars Episode II Attack of the Clones
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In the Stars Wars galaxy, evil is on the move as the Galactic Alliance and Jedi order battle forces seen and unseen, from rampant internal treachery to the nightmare of all-out war.
Despite strained relationships caused by opposing sympathies in the war, Han and Leia Solo and Luke and Mara Skywalker remain united by one frightening suspicion: Someone insidious is manipulating this war, and if he or she isn't stopped, all efforts at reconciliation may be for naught.
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