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Encyclopedia > Stanley Spencer
The Resurrection, Cookham, 1924-7, oil on canvas, by Sir Stanley Spencer, Tate Gallery.

Sir Stanley Spencer (30 June 189114 December 1959) was an English painter. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Tate Gallery in the United Kingdom is a network of four galleries: Tate Britain (opened 1897), Tate Liverpool (1988), Tate St Ives (1993), Tate Modern (2000), with a complementary website Tate Online (1998). ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Painting by Rembrandt self-portrait Detail from Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez, in which the painter portrayed himself at work For the computer graphics program, see Corel Painter. ...

Contents

Biography

Early life

Spencer was born and lived in the Thames-side village of Cookham in Berkshire. The Methodist Chapel in Cookham, which he attended, is now the Stanley Spencer Gallery, a gallery dedicated to his art. His father was William Spencer, a music teacher. His younger brother, Gilbert Spencer (1892-1979), was also a talented painter of landscapes. This article is about the River Thames in southern England. ... , Cookham is a village and civil parish in the north-easternmost corner of Berkshire in England, on the River Thames. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Stanley Spencer Gallery is a small gallery in Cookham, a village next to the River Thames in Berkshire, England. ...


From 1908 to 1912, Spencer studied at the Slade School of Fine Art at UCL London, under Henry Tonks and others. His attachment to his home was so strong that he commuted from Cookham to the Slade, earning the nickname "Cookham" from other students. His house is located near Cookham Rise Primary school, and is currently still used for residential purposes. Year 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Slade School of Fine Art is an art school based at University College London in the UK. The school traces its roots back to 1868 when Felix Slade decided to establish three Chairs in Fine Art, to be based at Oxford, Cambridge and London—though with only London offering... Affiliations University of London Russell Group LERU EUA ACU Golden Triangle G5 Website http://www. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Henry Tonks, The Hat Shop (1892), Oil on canvas. ...


Later years

In 1925, Spencer married art student Hilda Carline. Daughter, Shirin, was born in November of the same year; their second daughter, Unity, was born in 1930. Carline divorced Spencer in 1937. A week later, Spencer married artist Patricia Preece. After Spencer’s marriage with Preece fell apart, Spencer visited Carline and that continued throughout her mental breakdown, until her November 1950 death from cancer. [1]


Spencer was knighted in 1959. He died of cancer at Cliveden, Buckinghamshire in the same year. A statue of an armoured knight of the Middle Ages For the chess piece, see knight (chess). ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... View looking north from the Ring in the Parterre showing Terrace Pavilion and Clock Tower to the left with Lower Terrace and Borghese Balustrade below Cliveden should not be confused with Clevedon in Somerset Cliveden as seen from its lawn. ... Buckinghamshire (abbreviated Bucks) is one of the home counties in South East England. ...


Career

In 1914 Spencer began his service in the Royal Army Medical Corps during the First World War. In 1916 he was sent out to Greece under the command of the 68th Field Ambulance unit. At the ending of the war in 1918 Spencer was asked to paint a work as a war artist for a Hall of Remembrance, a painting which was based on his own experiences and which became "Travoys Arriving with Wounded at a Dressing Station at Smol, Macedonia, September 1916". Between the wars, Spencer received a lengthy commission to paint a large war memorial mural, which eventually included his "Resurrection of the Soldiers" altarpiece at the Sandham Memorial Chapel. Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) is a specialist corps in the British Army which provides medical services to all British Army personnel and their families in war and in peace. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Sandham Memorial Chapel is in the village of Burghclere, Hampshire, England. ...


Spencer served as a War Artist in the Second World War, most famously depicting shipbuilding on the Clyde. After the war ended in 1945, Spencer turned to more visionary work, as did many British neo-romantic painters and artists. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The River Clyde opening out at Newark Castle, Port Glasgow past Clydeport Ocean Terminal, Greenock, to the Firth of Clyde on the left, and to the right past Ardmore Point to the Gare Loch. ...


Art

Spencer developed a naïve style, influenced in part by Giotto and the colourful primitivism of Paul Gauguin. He held deep Christian beliefs, and many of his works were intensely religious in nature. Many, such as The Resurrection, Cookham (1923–27), set biblical scenes in Cookham and depicted the villagers as characters. Naïve is Industrial rock group KMFDMs fifth album, released in 1990. ... There are several things that have been named Giotto: Giotto di Bondone an Italian painter. ... Primitivism is an artistic movement which originated as a reaction to the Enlightenment. ... Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin (7 June 1848 – 8 May 1903) was a leading Post-Impressionist painter. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ...


His most ambitious work, a cycle of 19 paintings charting his experience of the Great War, can now be seen at Sandham Memorial Chapel, Burghclere. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... Sandham Memorial Chapel is in the village of Burghclere, Hampshire, England. ... Burghclere is a village and civil parish in the Basingstoke and Deane district of Hampshire, England. ...


Legacy

In November 2006, the Imperial War Museum asked Manchester United manager Sir Alex Ferguson to lead a campaign to fund restoration of Spencer's works focusing on the shipyards of Glasgow, and select other works including Cookham. Ferguson agreed, as his father, brother and an uncle had all worked in the yards at the time of Spencer's painting.[2] Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Imperial War Museum is a museum in London featuring military vehicles, weapons, war memorabilia, a library, a photographic archive, and an art collection of 20th century and later conflicts, especially those involving Britain, and the British Empire. ... Manchester Uniteds emblem Manchester United F.C. (often abbreviated to Man United or just Man U, pronounced man-yoo) is an English football club based at Old Trafford in Greater Manchester. ... For other persons named Alex Ferguson, see Alex Ferguson (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation). ...


References

  1. ^ (2001-07-14) "Sir Stanley Spencer Stands Alone". BBC World Service. Front Page > Arts, Music and Entertainment. Retrieved on 2007-09-14. 
  2. ^ http://www.timesonline.co.uk/newspaper/0,,176-2460030,00.html

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • Anthony d'Offay (Firm), Stanley Spencer, and Hilda Spencer. Stanley and Hilda Spencer. London: Anthony d'Offay, 1978.
  • Art: Stanley Spencer, Eccentric. Newsweek. 130, no. 20: 92. 1997
  • Bell, Keith, and Stanley Spencer. Stanley Spencer: A Complete Catalogue of the Paintings. London: Phaidon Press, 1993. ISBN 0810938367
  • Hauser, Kitty, and Stanley Spencer. Stanley Spencer. British artists. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2001. ISBN 0691090246
  • Pople, Kenneth. Stanley Spencer: A Biography. London: Collins, 1991. ISBN 0002153203
  • Robinson, Duncan. Stanley Spencer. Oxford: Phaidon, 1990. ISBN 0714826162
  • Shepherd, Rosemary. Stanley Spencer and Women. [S.l.]: Ardent Art Publications, 2001.
  • Spencer, Stanley. A Guided Walk Round Stanley Spencer's Cookham. [Cookham?]: Estate of Stanley Spencer, 1994.
  • Spencer, Stanley, and Fiona MacCarthy. Stanley Spencer: An English Vision. [New Haven, Conn.]: Yale University Press in association with the British Council and the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, 1997. ISBN 0300074263
  • Spencer, Stanley, and Gilbert Spencer. Gilbert and Stanley Spencer in Cookham: An Exhibition at the Stanley Spencer Gallery, Cookham 14 May - 31 August 1988. Cookham: Stanley Spencer Gallery, 1988.
  • Spencer, Stanley, and John Rothenstein. Stanley Spencer, the Man: Correspondence and Reminiscences. Athens: Ohio University Press, 1979. ISBN 0821404318
  • Thomas, Alison, and Timothy Wilcox. The Art of Hilda Carline: Mrs. Stanley Spencer. London: Usher Gallery, 1999. ISBN 0853317763

The Newsweek logo Newsweek is a weekly news magazine published in New York City and distributed throughout the United States and internationally. ...

External links

  • Stanley Spencer Gallery
  • Sandham Memorial Chapel
  • Sandham Memorial Chapel (National Trust Web page)
  • The Art and Vision of Stanley Spencer
  • Berkshire History biography
  • Tate Gallery
  • Stanley Spencer: Love, desire, Faith (2002) Exhibition at Abbot Hall Art Gallery, Kendal
  • Ten Dreams Galleries
  • The Art of Stanley Spencer - A Gallery

  Results from FactBites:
 
Stanley Spencer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (189 words)
Sir Stanley Spencer, (June 30, 1891 – December 14, 1959), was an English painter.
Spencer developed a naïve style, influenced in part by the colourful primitivism of Paul Gauguin.
Stanley Spencer served as a war artist in World War II and was knighted in 1959.
MSN Encarta - Stanley Spencer (244 words)
Spencer, Sir Stanley (1891-1959), English painter, whose style was greatly influenced by the Pre-Raphaelites, a group of mid-19th century English artists who emulated medieval and early Renaissance paintings and their narrative, religious subject matter (see Renaissance Art and Architecture; Middle Ages).
Although Spencer's conservative style and solitary personality distanced him from the mainstream of British art, he influenced a number of artists, including his younger brother, Gilbert Spencer, and later painters such as British artist Lucian Freud.
During the 1930s Spencer was troubled by both personal and professional difficulties, but his career revived with his appointment by the British government as Official War Artist during World War II (1939-1945).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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