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Encyclopedia > Stanley G. Weinbaum

Stanley Grauman Weinbaum (1902-December 14, 1935) was an American science fiction author. His career in science fiction was short but influential. His first story, "A Martian Odyssey", was published to great acclaim in July 1934. Weinbaum would be dead from lung cancer within eighteen months. 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... December 14 is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... A Martian Odyssey is a science fiction short story by Stanley G. Weinbaum originally published in the July 1934 issue of Wonder Stories. ... When normal cells are damaged beyond repair, they are eliminated by apoptosis. ...

Contents


Biography and Writing Career

Weinbaum was born in Kentucky and attended school in Milwaukee. He attended the University of Wisconsin, studying chemical engineering, but contrary to common belief he did not graduate. On a bet, Weinbaum had taken an exam for a friend and was later discovered; he left the university in 1923. Official language(s) English Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about Milwaukee in Wisconsin. ...


He is most noted for the groundbreaking SF short story, "A Martian Odyssey", which presented a sympathetic but decidedly non-human alien, Tweel. Even more remarkably, this was his first story. Isaac Asimov has described "A Martian Odyssey" as "a perfect Campbellian science fiction story, before John W. Campbell. Indeed, Tweel may be the first creature in science fiction to fulfil Campbell's dictum, 'write me a creature who thinks as well as a man, or better than a man, but not like a man'." Asimov went on to describe the story as one of only three stories that changed the way all subsequent stories in the Science Fiction genre were written. It is the oldest short story (and one of the top vote-getters) included in the Science Fiction Hall of Fame. A Martian Odyssey is a science fiction short story by Stanley G. Weinbaum originally published in the July 1934 issue of Wonder Stories. ... Dr. Isaac Asimov (c. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Science Fiction Hall of Fame Volume One, 1929-1964: The Greatest Science Fiction Stories of All Time is a 1970 anthology of science fiction short stories, edited by Robert Silverberg. ...


Most of Weinbaum's work that was published in his lifetime appeared in Astounding and Wonder Stories. Astounding Stories was a seminal science fiction magazine founded in 1930. ... Wonder Stories was a science fiction pulp magazine which published 66 issues between 1930 and 1936, edited by Hugo Gernsback. ...


A film version of his story "The Adaptive Ultimate" was released in 1957 under the title She Devil, starring Mari Blanchard, Jack Kelly, and Albert Dekker. Jack Kelly (September 16, 1927—November 7, 1992 in Astoria, Queens, New York) was an American film and television actor most noted for the role of Bart Maverick in the TV series Maverick, which ran on ABC from 1957 to 1962. ... Albert Pekker (born December 20, 1905 in Brooklyn, New York; died May 5, 1968 in Hollywood, California) is an American character actor. ...


A crater on Mars is named in his honor. Tycho crater on Earths moon. ... Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun in the solar system, named after the Roman god of war (the counterpart of the Greek Ares), on account of its blood red color as viewed in the night sky. ...


At the time of his death, Weinbaum was writing a (non-science fiction) novel never completed, Three Who Danced. In this novel, the Prince of Wales is unexpectedly present at a dance in an obscure American community, where he decides to dance with three of the local girls, choosing each girl for a different reason. The rest of the novel details how each girl's life changes (happily or tragically) as a result of the unexpected attention she received.


Weinbaum's Solar System

All of Weinbaum's interplanetary stories (he wrote nine and began a tenth which was completed after his death by his sister Helen Weinbaum) were set in a consistent Solar System that was scientifically accurate by 1930s standards. The birdlike Martians of "A Martian Odyssey" and "Valley of Dreams", for instance, are mentioned in "Redemption Cairn", and the Venusian trioptes of "Parasite Planet" and "The Lotus Eaters" are mentioned in "The Mad Moon". In Weinbaum's Solar System, the gas giants radiate heat, enough to warm their satellites to Earthlike temperatures, allowing for Earthlike environments on Io, Europa, Titan, and even Uranus. Mars and Venus are also sufficiently Earthlike to allow humans to walk their surfaces unprotected. Major features of the solar system (not to scale) The solar system comprises the Sun and the retinue of celestial objects gravitationally bound to it: nine planets and their 158 currently known moons, as well as asteroids, meteoroids, planetoids, comets, and interplanetary dust. ... The name Martian is given to the hypothetical native inhabitants of the planet Mars. ... A gas giant is a large planet that is not composed mostly of rock or other solid matter. ... Atmospheric characteristics Atmospheric pressure trace Sulfur dioxide 90% Io (eye-oe, IPA: , Greek Ῑώ) is the innermost of the four Galilean moons of Jupiter. ... Atmospheric characteristics Atmospheric pressure 1 µPa Oxygen 100% Europa redirects here. ... Atmospheric characteristics Pressure 146. ... Adjective Uranian Atmospheric characteristics Atmospheric pressure 120 kPa (at the cloud level) Hydrogen 83% Helium 15% Methane 1. ...


Bibliography

Novels

  • The New Adam (1939)
  • The Black Flame (1948; ISBN 0964832003)
  • The Dark Other aka The Mad Brain (1950 by Fantasy Press)

The Black Flame is a post-apocalyptic science fiction novel by Stanley G. Weinbaum. ...

Short stories

  • "The Adaptive Ultimate" in 11/35 ASTOUNDING (as by John Jessel)
  • "The Black Flame" in 1/39 STARTLING STORIES
  • "The Brink of Infinity" in 12/36 THRILLING WONDER
  • "The Circle of Zero" in 8/36 THRILLING WONDER
  • "Dawn of Flame" in 6/39 THRILLING WONDER
  • "Flight on Titan" in 1/35 ASTOUNDING (found in ISBN 0883551527)
  • "Graph" in 9/36 FANTASY MAGAZINE
  • "Green Glow of Death" in 7/57 CRACK DETECTIVE AND MYSTERY STORIES
  • "The Ideal" in 9/35 WONDER
  • "The Lotus Eaters" in 4/35 ASTOUNDING
  • "The Mad Moon" in 12/35 ASTOUNDING
  • "A Martian Odyssey" in 7/34 WONDER
  • "Parasite Planet" in 2/35 ASTOUNDING
  • "The Planet of Doubt" in 10/35 ASTOUNDING
  • "The Point of View" in 1/35 WONDER
  • "Proteus Island" in 8/36 ASTOUNDING
  • "Pygmalion's Spectacles" in 6/35 WONDER
  • "The Red Peri" in 11/35 ASTOUNDING
  • "Redemption Cairn" in 3/36 ASTOUNDING
  • "Revolution of 1950" 10-11/38 AMAZING (with Roger Sherman Hoar writing as Ralph Milne Farley)
  • "Shifting Seas" in 4/37 AMAZING
  • "Smothered Seas" in 1/36 ASTOUNDING
  • "Tidal Moon" in 12/38 THRILLING WONDER (with Helen Weinbaum, his sister)
  • "Valley of Dreams" in 11/34 WONDER
  • "The Worlds of If" in 8/35 WONDER
  • "Yellow Slaves" in 2/36 TRUE GANG LIFE (with Roger Sherman Hoar writing as Ralph Milne Farley)

Book collections of Weinbaum stories: This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Mad Moon is a science fiction short story by Stanley G. Weinbaum that first appeared in the December 1935 issue of Astounding Stories. ... A Martian Odyssey is a science fiction short story by Stanley G. Weinbaum originally published in the July 1934 issue of Wonder Stories. ... Parasite Planet is a science fiction short story by Stanley G. Weinbaum originally published in the February 1935 issue of Astounding Stories. ... The Planet of Doubt is a science fiction short story by Stanley G. Weinbaum that was first published in the October 1935 issue of Astounding Stories. ... Redemption Cairn is a science fiction short story by Stanley G. Weinbaum that first appeared in the March 1936 issue of Astounding Stories. ... Valley of Dreams is a science fiction short story by Stanley G. Weinbaum originally published in the November 1934 issue of Wonder Stories. ...

  • The Best of Stanley G. Weinbaum, Ballantine, 1974
  • The Black Heart, Leonaur Publishing, 2006
  • Dawn of Flame: The Stanley G. Weinbaum Memorial Volume, Conrad H. Ruppert, 1936
  • Interplanetary Odysseys, Leonaur Publishing, 2006
  • A Martian Odyssey and Other Science Fiction Tales, Hyperion Press, 1974
  • A Martian Odyssey and Others, Fantasy Press, 1949
  • A Martian Odyssey and Other Classics of Science Fiction, Lancer, 1962
  • Other Earths, Leonaur Publishing, 2006
  • The Red Peri, Fantasy Press, 1952
  • Strange Genius, Leonaur Publishing, 2006

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