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Encyclopedia > Stanislaus II Augustus Poniatowski, King of Poland

For other persons named "Stanisław Poniatowski," see Stanisław Poniatowski. The given name Stanisław was popular with the Polish szlachta family of Poniatowski. ...

Stanisław August Poniatowski
Stanislaw August Poniatowski
Reign September 7, 1764,
to November 25, 1795.
Elected September 7, 1764, at Wola, now a district of
Warsaw, Poland.
Coronation November 25, 1764,
in St. John's Cathedral,
Warsaw, Poland.
Noble Family Poniatowski.
Coat of Arms Ciołek.
Parents Stanisław Poniatowski,
Konstancja Czartoryska.
Consorts Catherine II of Russia;
Elżbieta Grabowska; et al.
Children with Catherine II of Russia,
Anna;
with Elżbieta Grabowska,
2 daughters, 3 sons.
Date of Birth January 17, 1732.
Place of Birth Wołczyn, Poland (now Belarus).
Date of Death February 12, 1798.
Place of Death Saint Petersburg, Russia.
Place of Burial Currently, St. John's Cathedral, Warsaw.

Stanislaus Augustus (born Stanisław Antoni Poniatowski; January 17, 1732, Wołczyn, Poland - February 12, 1798, St. Petersburg, Russia) was the last king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1764-1795). He was the son of Stanisław Poniatowski, Castellan of Kraków, and brother of Michal Jerzy Poniatowski, primate of the Roman Catholic Church in Poland. Download high resolution version (448x642, 30 KB)Stanislaw August Poniatowski This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... 1764 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... November 25 is the 329th (in leap years the 330th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... 1764 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Sowiński defending Wola during the November Uprising German forces during their failed assault on Wola, suburb of Warsaw, on September 9, 1939 Wola is a district of western Warsaw, Poland, formerly the village of Wielka Wola, that was incorporated into Warsaw in 1916. ... Warsaw (Polish: Warszawa, see also other names, in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto StoÅ‚eczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... November 25 is the 329th (in leap years the 330th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1764 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... St. ... Warsaw (Polish: Warszawa, see also other names, in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto StoÅ‚eczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... Polish Szlachcic. ... Poniatowski family coat of arms was: CioÅ‚ek Poniatowski (plural: Poniatowski) is the surname of a Polish szlachta (nobility) family. ... History The history of Polish heraldry is an integral part of the history of szlachta, or a local class of nobility. ... Ciołek - is a Polish Coat of Arms. ... For other people with the name of Stanisław Poniatowski, see Stanisław Poniatowski. ... For other people with the name of Konstancja Czartoryska, see Konstancja Czartoryska. ... H.I.M. Ekaterina II Aleksejevna the Great, Empress and Autocrat of all the Russias Catherine II (Екатерина II Алексеевна: Yekaterína II Alekséyevna, April 21, 1729 - November 6, 1796 (O.S.)), born Sophie Augusta Fredericka, known as Catherine the Great, reigned as empress of Russia from June 28, 1762, to... H.I.M. Ekaterina II Aleksejevna the Great, Empress and Autocrat of all the Russias Catherine II (Екатерина II Алексеевна: Yekaterína II Alekséyevna, April 21, 1729 - November 6, 1796 (O.S.)), born Sophie Augusta Fredericka, known as Catherine the Great, reigned as empress of Russia from June 28, 1762, to... January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events February 23 - First performance of Handels Orlando, in London June 9 - James Oglethorpe is granted a royal charter for the colony of Georgia. ... February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1798 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... St. ... Warsaw (Polish: Warszawa, see also other names, in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto StoÅ‚eczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events February 23 - First performance of Handels Orlando, in London June 9 - James Oglethorpe is granted a royal charter for the colony of Georgia. ... February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1798 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... 1764 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... For other people with the name of Stanisław Poniatowski, see Stanisław Poniatowski. ... A castellan was the governor or caretaker of a castle or keep. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Noble Family Poniatowski. ... A primate in the Western Church is an archbishop (or rarely a suffragan or exempt bishop) of a see which confers precedence, but has NO authority, over the other bishops of his own province, as a Metropolitan does, or over a number of provinces (possibly part of a province), such... The Roman Catholic Church is the largest Christian body in the world. ...

Contents


Royal titles

(English translation, from the Polish text of the May 3rd, 1791, Constitution:) Stanisław August, by the grace of God and the will of the people King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, Ruthenia, Prussia, Mazowsze, Samogitia, Kyiv, Volhynia, Podole, Podlasie, Livonia, Smolensk, Siewierz and Chernihiv. Ruthenia is a name applied to parts of Eastern Europe which were populated by Eastern Slavic peoples, as well as to various states that existed in this territory in the past. ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (German: Preußen or Preussen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: PrÅ«sai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad exclave of... Masovia (Polish: Mazowsze) is a geographical and historical region situated in central Poland with its capital in Warsaw. ... Duchy of Samogitia was the western part of Lithuania Artistic picture of Zemaitija Duchy in 18th century. ... Kiev (Київ, Kyiv, in Ukrainian; Киев, Kiev, in Russian) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper river. ... Volhynia (Wołyń in Polish; Волинь, Volyn’ in Ukrainian; also called Volynia, Volyň in Czech) comprises the historic region in western Ukraine located between the rivers Pripyat and Western Bug. ... The region of Podolia (Polish Podole, Ukrainian Podillya) lies in the west-central and south-west portions of present-day Ukraine. ... Podlasie (Lithuanian Palenkė, Latin Polexia, Podlachia) is a historical region in eastern part of Poland and western Belarus. ... Livonia (Latvian: Livonija; Estonian: Liivimaa; German: Livland; Polish: Inflanty; Russian: Лифляндия or Liflandiya) once was the land of the Finnic Livonians, but came in the Middle Ages to designate a much broader territory controlled by the Livonian Order on the eastern coasts of the Baltic Sea in present-day Latvia and... The view of Smolensk in 1912 Smolensk (Russian: Смоленск;, Belarusian: Смаленск) is a city in western Russia, located on the Dniepr river at 54. ... Siewierz is a city in Poland. ... Chernihiv (Ukrainian: ) is an ancient city in northern Ukraine, the central city of Chernihivska oblast. Some common historical spellings of the name are Russian: and Polish: Czernichów. ...


Biography

Born in 1732, Poniatowski already at twenty, in 1752, as a Sejm deputy attracted attention with his oratory. He ultimately owed his career, however, to his uncles, the powerful Czartoryskis, who in 1755 sent him to Saint Petersburg, Russia, in the suite of the British ambassador, Sir Charles Hanbury-Williams. There, through the influence of Russian Chancellor A. P. Bestuzhev-Ryumin, he gained accreditation to the Russian court as ambassador of Saxony. Through Hanbury-Williams he met twenty-six-year-old Grand Duchess Catherine, who was irresistibly attracted to the handsome and brilliant young nobleman, for whom she forsook all other lovers. This article is about the lower chamber of Polish parliament. ... A deputy can be: In politics, a member of many national legislatures, particularly those legislative bodies styled Chambers of Deputies. ... 1755 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... With an area of 18,413 km² and a population of 4. ... H.I.M. Ekaterina II Aleksejevna the Great, Empress and Autocrat of all the Russias Catherine II (Екатерина II Алексеевна: Yekaterína II Alekséyevna, April 21, 1729 - November 6, 1796 (O.S.)), born Sophie Augusta Fredericka, known as Catherine the Great, reigned as empress of Russia from June 28, 1762, to...

"Portrait of King Stanisław August Poniatowski with Hourglass" and crown, oil on canvas by Marcello Bacciarelli, 1793, National Museum, Warsaw.
"Portrait of King Stanisław August Poniatowski with Hourglass" and crown, oil on canvas by Marcello Bacciarelli, 1793, National Museum, Warsaw.

After returning to Warsaw, Poniatowski won election (September 7, 1764) as king of Poland through the influence of Catherine, since become Empress Catherine II of Russia. (She had promised him the crown as early as October 1763.) The coronation took place November 25, 1764. The new King's uncles in the Familia would have preferred another nephew, Prince Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski, on the throne but he had declined to seek the office. Download high resolution version (760x1000, 58 KB) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (760x1000, 58 KB) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Warsaw (Polish: Warszawa, see also other names, in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto StoÅ‚eczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... 1764 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Catherine II (Екатерина II Алексеевна: Yekaterína II Alekséyevna, April 21, 1729 - November 6, 1796), born Sophie Augusta Fredericka, known as Catherine the Great, reigned as empress of Russia from June 28, 1762, to her death on November 6, 1796. ... 1763 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... November 25 is the 329th (in leap years the 330th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1764 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Familia (The Family, from the Latin familia) was the name of a Polish political party led by the Czartoryski magnates and families allied with them, and formed toward the end of the reign of King August II (reigned 1697-1706, 1709-1733). ... Noble Family Czartoryski Coat of Arms Czartoryski Parents August Aleksander Czartoryski Maria Zofia Sieniawska Consorts Izabela Fleming Children with Izabela Fleming Teresa Czartoryska Maria Anna Czartoryski Adam Jerzy Czartoryski Konstanty Adam Czartoryski Gabriela Czartoryska Zofia Czartoryska Date of Birth December 1, 1734 Place of Birth Gdańsk (German:Danzig), Poland Date...


Stanisław August--as he now styled himself--or Ciołek, as he was called by some of his contemporarians and later historians (from his Ciolek Coat of Arms)--as king of a near-anarchic Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth remained at the mercy of circumstances. Nevertheless, in his difficult situation he strove to do his duty. He inaugurated some useful economic changes. He supported the Familia's reform program until 1766, when he fell out with his uncles. He protested the first partition of Poland (1772); but being powerless to do anything about it, and in the face of implacable opposition from Polish magnates, he was obliged to place his reliance in Russia's German ambassador, Otto Magnus Stackelberg. Acting in concert, he hoped to strengthen his authority and bring about essential reforms. It was only during the Four-Year Sejm of 1788-1792 that he threw in his lot with the reformers, centered in the Patriotic Party, and with them co-authored the May 3rd Constitution of 1791. Ciołek - is a Polish Coat of Arms. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Familia (The Family, from the Latin familia) was the name of a Polish political party led by the Czartoryski magnates and families allied with them, and formed toward the end of the reign of King August II (reigned 1697-1706, 1709-1733). ... 1766 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Partitions of Poland (Polish Rozbiór or Rozbiory Polski) happened in the 18th century and ended the existence of a sovereign state of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... 1772 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... For a wealthy or powerful business baron, executive, or tycoon, see business magnate Magnate is a title of nobility commonly used in Sweden, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and some other medieval empires. ... Sejm Czteroletni (Four-Year Sejm, also known as Sejm Wielki, the Great Sejm) was a Sejm of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth held in Warsaw, inaugurated in 1788. ... 1788 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Patriotic Party (Stronnictwo Patriotyczne) was a Polish political movement during the Four-Year Sejm of 1788-1792 that sought reforms aimed at bolstering Polands independence from Russia. ... May 3rd Constitution (painting by Jan Matejko, 1891). ... 1791 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


His eloquent speech before the Sejm on taking an oath to uphold the newly adopted Constitution--the world's second written national constitution, and Europe's first--moved his audience to tears. But when the Targowica Confederation, with the connivance of Russia's Catherine the Great, was formed to overthrow the Constitution, the King upon her demand and the recommendation of some advisers, including the otherwise usually radical Hugo Kollataj, acceded to the Confederation. This undermined the operations of the Polish Army, which under Tadeusz Kosciuszko and the King's own nephew, Prince Jozef Poniatowski, had been performing prodigies on the battlefield. This article is about the lower chamber of Polish parliament. ... Categories: Stub | Polish confederations ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Tadeusz Kościuszko. ... Noble Family Poniatowski Coat of Arms Ciołek Parents Andrzej Poniatowski Maria Teresa Kinsky Consorts Zelia Sitańska Zofia Potocka Children with Zelia Sitańska Józef Szczęsny Poniatowski with Zofia Potocka Karol Józef Poniatowski Date of Birth May 7, 1763 Place of Birth Vienna Date of Death October 19, 1813 Place of Death...

Stanisław August Poniatowski, last elected King of Poland.
Stanisław August Poniatowski, last elected King of Poland.

King Stanisław August remains a controversial figure. He was accused by some of striving for absolutism, of doing away with the liberties of the szlachta (Polish nobility), of desiring the downfall of the Roman Catholic Church; by others, of weakness and subservience, even of treason, especially after he had joined the Targowica Confederation. Stanislaw August Poniatowski king . ... Stanislaw August Poniatowski king . ... Polish Szlachcic. ... The Roman Catholic Church is the largest Christian body in the world. ... Categories: Stub | Polish confederations ...


Nevertheless, he did accomplish much in the realm of culture and education. He founded the School of Chivalry (otherwise "Corps of Cadets"), which functioned 1765-1794 and whose alumni included Tadeusz Kościuszko; and the Commission of National Education (1773), the world's first national ministry of education. In 1765 he helped found the Monitor, the leading periodical of the Polish Enlightenment, and the Polish national theater. He hosted his famous "Thursday dinners," the most brilliant social functions in the Polish capital. He supported the establishment of manufactures and the development of mining. He remodeled Warsaw's Royal Castle, and erected the elegant Royal Baths Palace (Pałac łazienkowski) complex in Warsaw's most romantic park. He created a numismatic collection, a picture gallery, and an engravings room. SzkoÅ‚a Rycerska SzkoÅ‚a Rycerska, Full name: Akademia Szlachecka Korpusu Kadetów (English: Knight School) was the first state school in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth established in 1765 in Warsaw, by King StanisÅ‚aw August Poniatowski. ... Szkoła Rycerska Szkoła Rycerska Full name: Akademia Szlachecka Korpusu Kadetów (English :Knight School) was the first state school in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth established in 1765 in Warsaw, by King Stanislaw August Poniatowski. ... 1765 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Tadeusz Kościuszko. ... Komisja Edukacji Narodowej (KEN, Polish for Commission of National Education) was the central educational authority in Poland, created by the Sejm and king Stanisław August Poniatowski on October 14, 1773. ... 1773 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1765 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The word monitor, depending on context, may have one of the following meanings: A computer display or screen A hardware device that measures electrical events such as pulses or voltage levels in a digital computer. ... Palace on the Water, Lazienki Park, Warsaw. ...


After the final, Third Partition of Poland, Stanisław August was forced to abdicate (November 25, 1795) and left for St. Petersburg, Russia. There, a virtual prisoner, he subsisted on a pension from Catherine the Great and died deeply in debt. In 1938 his remains were transferred to a church at Wołczyn, his birthplace, and in 1995 to St. John's Cathedral in Warsaw, where on May 3, 1791, he had celebrated the adoption, earlier that day, of the Constitution that he co-authored. The Partitions of Poland (Polish Rozbiór or Rozbiory Polski) happened in the 18th century and ended the existence of a sovereign state of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... Abdication (from the Latin abdicatio, disowning, renouncing, from ab, from, and dicare, to declare, to proclaim as not belonging to one), the act whereby a person in office renounces and gives up the same before the expiry of the time for which it is held. ... November 25 is the 329th (in leap years the 330th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1938 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... WoÅ‚czyn is a town in Upper Silesia, Poland. ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 3 is the 123rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (124th in leap years). ... 1791 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...



Preceded by:
Augustus III
King of Poland
1764-1795
Succeeded by:



Reign From 1734 until October 5, 1763 Elected In 1734 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On January 17, 1734 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Wettin Parents August II Mocny ? Consorts Marie Josepha Children Frederick Christian Date of Birth October 7, 1696 Place of... Poland was ruled by dukes (c. ...

 
Polish Monarchs
Coat of Arms of Poland
Siemowit | Lestko | Siemomysł | Mieszko I | Boleslaus I the Brave | Mieszko II Lambert | Bezprym | Mieszko II Lambert | Casimir I the Restorer | Boleslaus II the Generous | Wladislaus I Herman | Zbigniew | Boleslaus III the Wrymouth | Wladislaus II the Exile | Boleslaus IV the Curly | Mieszko III the Old | Casimir II the Just | Leszek the White | Wladislaus III Spindleshanks | Leszek the White | Mieszko IV Plątonogi | Leszek the White | Wladislaus III Spindleshanks | Konrad I of Masovia | Henry I the Bearded | Henry II the Pious | Konrad I of Masovia | Boleslaus V the Chaste | Leszek II the Black | Henry IV Probus | Przemysł II | Wenceslaus II | Wenceslaus III | Wladislaus I the Elbow-high | Casimir III the Great | Louis of Hungary | Jadwiga | Wladislaus II Jagiełło | Wladislaus III of Varna | Casimir IV the Jagiellonian | John I Olbracht | Alexander the Jagiellonian | Sigismund I the Old | Sigismund II Augustus | Henry Valois | Stephen Báthory | Sigismund III Vasa | Wladislaus IV Vasa | John II Casimir | Michael Korybut Wiśniowiecki | John III Sobieski | Augustus II the Strong | Stanislaus I Leszczyński | Augustus II the Strong | Stanislaus Leszczyński | Augustus III | Stanislaus II Augustus Poniatowski


Poland was ruled by dukes (c. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... According to the chronicles of Gallus Anonymus Siemowit was the son of Piast and Rzepicha. ... Lestko (also Lestek, Leszek) is the second legendary duke of Poland, and son of Siemowit, born probably 930/940 Though proof of his actual existence is unclear, he had to have been a major figure in his time, due to the fact that before Poland existed as a state, the... SiemomysÅ‚ is the third legendary Polish duke, and said to be the father of Polands first historical ruler, Mieszko I. SiemomysÅ‚ is credited with leaving the lands known as Greater Poland to his son, who further expanded them during his reign. ... Reign From c. ... Reign From 992 until 1025 Coronation On April 18, 1025 in Gniezno Cathedral, Poland Royal House Piast Coat of Arms OrzeÅ‚ Piastowski Parents Mieszko I Dubrawka Consorts Rikdaga Judith Enmilda Oda Children with Judith Bezprym with Enmilda Regelina Mieszko II Lambert Otton with Oda Matylda Date of Birth 966/967... Reign From 1025 until 1034 Coronation On December 25, 1025 in Gniezno Cathedral, Poland Royal House Piast Coat of Arms Orzeł Piastowski Parents Bolesław I Chrobry Emnilda Consorts Ryksa Children with Ryksa Boleslaw Zapomiany Kazimierz I Odnowiciel Gertruda Date of Birth 990 Place of Birth  ? Date of Death May 10... Bezprym (986/987-1032), the first-born son of king of Poland BolesÅ‚aw I Chrobry and his second wife, who came from Hungary (unknown name); he was deprived of the throne of Poland due to giving it to his brother Mieszko II. In 1031, in alliance with Conrad II... Reign From 1025 until 1034 Coronation On December 25, 1025 in Gniezno Cathedral, Poland Royal House Piast Coat of Arms Orzeł Piastowski Parents Bolesław I Chrobry Emnilda Consorts Ryksa Children with Ryksa Boleslaw Zapomiany Kazimierz I Odnowiciel Gertruda Date of Birth 990 Place of Birth  ? Date of Death May 10... Casimir I on Jan Matejkos painting Casimir I, the Restorer (Polish: Kazimierz I Odnowiciel) (1015-1058), duke of Poland, was the son of Mieszko II of Poland and Rixa von Lothringen. ... Boleslaus II on Jan Matejkos painting Boleslaus II was a duke and king of Poland 1058-1079 (crowned 1076). ... Wladislaus I on Jan Matejkos painting Wladislaus I Herman (Polish: WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw I Herman, also seen as Ladislaus, Ladislas or Vladislav) (1040-1102), duke of Poland, was the son of Casimir I of Poland, duke of Poland. ... Zbigniew of Poland (born after 1070, died 1112). ... Boleslaus III on a painting by Jan Matejko Boleslaus III the Wrymouth (Polish: BolesÅ‚aw III Krzywousty), (1086-1138) was duke of Poland from 1102. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw II Wygnaniec Wladislaus II the Exile (Polish: WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw II Wygnaniec, also seen Wladislaus, Ladislaus, Ladislas or Vladislav) was the High-Duke of Poland (1138-1146) Born: 1105, Cracow, Poland Died: 30 May 1159, in Altenburg, Germany Parents: Boleslaus III the Wrymouth, Duke of Poland, and... BolesÅ‚aw IV KÄ™dzierzawy Boleslaus IV the Curly (Polish: BolesÅ‚aw KÄ™dzierzawy) - high-duke of Poland (1146-1173) Born: 1120 Poland Died: 1173 Poland Parents: Boleslaus III the Wrymouth, duke of Poland, and Salome von Berg-Schelklingen, daughter of Henry duke of Berg Married to: Russian pricess Wierzchoslawa... Mieszko III Stary Mieszko III the Old (Polish: Mieszko III Stary) was a duke of Greater Poland (1138-1202) and also a high-duke of all Poland (1173-1202, with interruptions), belonging to the Piast dynasty. ... Casimir II the Just on a painting by Jan Matejko Casimir II the Just (1138 - 5 May 1194; Polish: Kazimierz II Sprawiedliwy) of the Piast dynasty was the youngest son of Boleslaus III of Poland. ... Leszek BiaÅ‚y Leszek the White (Polish: Leszek BiaÅ‚y) (1186/1187 - 1227) was a prince of Sandomierz and (from 1194/1195) prince of Krakow. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw III Laskonogi Wladislaus III Spindleshanks (Polish: WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw III Laskonogi) was the duke of the Greater Poland province and the high duke of the whole Poland in 1202-1206 and 1227-1228. ... Leszek BiaÅ‚y Leszek the White (Polish: Leszek BiaÅ‚y) (1186/1187 - 1227) was a prince of Sandomierz and (from 1194/1195) prince of Krakow. ... Mieszko IV of Poland (Mieszko IV PlÄ…tonogi, Mieszko IV of Raciborz) (ca 1130 - 16 May 1211), High-Duke of Poland from 9 June 1210. ... Leszek BiaÅ‚y Leszek the White (Polish: Leszek BiaÅ‚y) (1186/1187 - 1227) was a prince of Sandomierz and (from 1194/1195) prince of Krakow. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw III Laskonogi Wladislaus III Spindleshanks (Polish: WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw III Laskonogi) was the duke of the Greater Poland province and the high duke of the whole Poland in 1202-1206 and 1227-1228. ... Konrad I Mazowiecki Konrad of Masovia (1187 - 1247, Polish: Konrad Mazowiecki) was Duke of Masovia, son of Casimir II of Poland (the Just) and Helen, princess of Moravia. ... Henry the Bearded in a painting by Jan Matejko Henry I the Bearded, Polish: Henryk Brodaty (1163 - March 19, 1238) of the Silesian line of the Piast dynasty of rulers, was duke of Lower Silesia from 1201. ... Henryk II Pobożny Henry II the Pious, (Polish: Henryk II Pobożny, b. ... Konrad I Mazowiecki Konrad of Masovia (1187 - 1247, Polish: Konrad Mazowiecki) was Duke of Masovia, son of Casimir II of Poland (the Just) and Helen, princess of Moravia. ... BolesÅ‚aw Wstydliwy Boleslaus the Chaste or the Shy (Polish: BolesÅ‚aw Wstydliwy) (21 June 1226 - 7 December 1279) was the son of Leszek the White. ... Leszek Czarny Leszek II the Black (Polish: Leszek II Czarny) ruled 1279-1288. ... Henryk IV Probus Henry Probus (Polish: Henryk IV Probus), (the Righteous, c. ... PrzemysÅ‚ II PrzemysÅ‚ II (October 14, 1257 – February 8, 1296), was a duke of PoznaÅ„, Greater Poland, Kraków and Pomerania, and King of Poland from 1295 until his death. ... Wenceslaus II on Jan Matejkos painting Wenceslaus II Premyslid (Czech Václav, Polish WacÅ‚aw) (September 27, 1271 – June 21, 1305) King of Bohemia (1278 - 1305), Duke of Krakow (1291 - 1305), King of Poland (1300 - 1305). ... Wenceslaus III Premyslid (Czech and Slovak Václav, Hungarian Vencel, Polish WacÅ‚aw), (October 6, 1289 – August 4, 1306) was the king of Hungary (1301 - 1305) and king of Bohemia (1305 - 1306). ... Wladislaus I on Jan Matejkos painting Wladislaus I the Short or Elbow-high (Polish: WÅ€adyslaw I Łokietek) was King of Poland, duke till 1300 and the Prince of Kraków from 1305 until his coronation on January 20, 1320. ... Casimir the Great Casimir III the Great (Polish: Kazimierz Wielki), (1310-1370), King of Poland, son of king WÅ‚adyslaw I Łokietek (Wladyslaw the Elbow High), 1305-1333 and Jadwiga of Gniezno and Great Poland. ... Louis the Great Louis I (the Great), Lajos, Ludwik WÄ™gierski (1326 - 1382) became king of Hungary in 1342 at the death of his father. ... This article is about 14th century queen and saint. ... Wladislaus II on Jan Matejkos painting Wladislaus II Jagiello (Polish: WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw II JagieÅ‚Å‚o, Lithuanian: Jogaila, Belarusian: Jahajla (Ягайла)) (c. ... Wladislaus III on a painting by Jan Matejko Wladislaus III of Varna (Polish: WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw WarneÅ„czyk) also seen as Vladislaus, Ladislaus, Ladislas or Vladislav) (October 31, 1424 - November 10, 1444). ... Reign From 1446 until June 7, 1492 Coronation On June 25, 1447 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents WÅ‚adyslaw II JagieÅ‚Å‚o Zofia HolszaÅ„ska Consorts Elżbieta Rakuszanka (1438-1505) Children with Elżbieta Rakuszanka WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw II JagielloÅ„czyk Jadwiga Jagiellonka... Reign From September 23, 1492 until June 17, 1501 Coronation On September 23, 1492 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Kazimierz IV JagielloÅ„czyk Elżbieta Rakuszanka Consorts None Children None Date of Birth December 27, 1459 Place of Birth Kraków, Poland Date of... Reign From December 12, 1501 until August 19, 1506 Coronation On December 12, 1501 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Kazimierz IV JagielloÅ„czyk Elżbieta Rakuszanka Consorts Helena Children None Date of Birth August 5, 1461 Place of Birth Kraków, Poland Date of... Reign From December 8, 1506 until April 1, 1548 Coronation On January 24, 1507 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Kazimierz IV JagielloÅ„czyk Elżbieta Rakuszanka Consorts Katarzyna Telniczanka Barbara Zapolya Bona Sforza Children with Katarzyna Telniczanka Jan Regina Katarzyna with Barbara Zapolya Jadwiga... Reign From April 1, 1548 until July 6, 1572 Coronation On September 15, 1697 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Zygmunt I Stary Bona Sforza Consorts Elżbieta Habsburzanka Barbara Radziwiłł Katarzyna Austriaczka Barbara Giżycka Children with Barbara Giżycka Barbara Date of Birth August 1, 1520 Place... Henry III (French: Henri III; Polish: Henryk III Walezy; September 19, 1551 – August 2, 1589) was King of Poland (1573-1574) and subsequently King of France (1574-1589). ... The first Stephen Báthory, István Báthory (1477-1534) was a Hungarian noble and loyal adherent of King John Zápolya of Hungary. ... Reign in Poland From September 18, 1587 until April 19, 1632 Reign in Sweden From November 17, 1592 until July 24, 1599 Elected in Poland On September 18, 1587 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation in Poland On December 27, 1587 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Coronation... Reign in Poland From November 8, 1632 until May 20, 1648 Reign in Russia From 1610 until 16351 Coronation On February 6, 1633 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Vasa Parents Zygmunt III Waza Anna Austriaczka Consorts Cecylia Renata Ludwika Maria Gonzaga Children with Cecylia Renata Zygmunt... Reign From November, 1648 until September 16, 1668 Elected In November 1648 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On January 19, 1649 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Vasa Parents Zygmunt III Waza Constance of Austria Consorts Ludwika Maria Children with Ludwika Maria Maria Anna... Reign From June 19, 1669 until November 10, 1673 Elected On June 19, 1669 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On September 29, 1669 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Nobel Family WiÅ›niowiecki Coat of Arms Korybut Parents Jeremi MichaÅ‚ WiÅ›niowiecki Gryzelda Konstancja Zamoyska Consorts... Reign From May 21, 1674, until June 17, 1696 Elected On May 21, 1674 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On February 2, 1676 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Nobel Family Sobieski Coat of Arms Janina Parents Jakub Sobieski Zofia Teofillia Daniłowicz Consorts Marie Casimire Louise Children... Reign From 1697, until 1706 and from 1709, until February 1, 1733 Elected In 1697 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On September 15, 1697 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Wettin Parents John George III Wettin Anne Sophie Consorts  ? Children August III Sas Maurice... Reign From 1704 until 1709 and from 1733 until 1736 Elected In 1704 and 1733 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On October 4, 1705 in the St. ... Reign From 1697, until 1706 and from 1709, until February 1, 1733 Elected In 1697 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On September 15, 1697 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Wettin Parents John George III Wettin Anne Sophie Consorts  ? Children August III Sas Maurice... Reign From 1704 until 1709 and from 1733 until 1736 Elected In 1704 and 1733 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On October 4, 1705 in the St. ... Reign From 1734 until October 5, 1763 Elected In 1734 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On January 17, 1734 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Wettin Parents August II Mocny ? Consorts Marie Josepha Children Frederick Christian Date of Birth October 7, 1696 Place of... For other persons named Stanisław Poniatowski, see Stanisław Poniatowski. ...

See also

Palace on the Water, Lazienki Park, Warsaw. ... May 3rd Constitution (painting by Jan Matejko, 1891). ...

References

  • Jan Kibinski, Recollections of the Times of Stanislaw Augustus (in Polish), Krakow, 1899.
  • Mémoires secrets et inédits de Stanislas Auguste, Leipzig, 1862.
  • Stanislaw and Prince Joseph Poniatowski in the Light of Their Private Correspondence, in French, edited in Polish by Bronislaw Dembinski, L'viv, 1904.
  • R.N. Bain, The Last King of Poland and His Contemporaries, 1909.
  • Adam Zamoyski, The Polish Way: a Thousand-Year History of the Poles and Their Culture, New York, Hippocrene Books, 1994.
  • Adam Zamoyski, Last King of Poland, New York, Hippocrene Books, 1997.
  • Poniatowski's diaries and letters, held for many years in the Russian ministry of foreign affairs, appeared in the January 1908 Vestnik Evropy [News of Europe].

This article incorporates text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, which is in the public domain. Adam Zamoyski - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Supporters contend that the Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1911) represents, in many ways, the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Stanisław August Poniatowski - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1116 words)
Stanisław August Poniatowski (born Stanisław Antoni Poniatowski; January 17, 1732, Wołczyn, Belarus - February 12, 1798, St. Petersburg, Russia) was the last King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1764-1795).
He was the son of Stanisław Poniatowski (1676-1762), Castellan of Kraków, and Konstancja Czartoryska, and brother of Michał Jerzy Poniatowski, primate of the Roman Catholic Church in Poland, and uncle of Prince Józef Poniatowski.
The King was a prisoner for a short time after being kidnapped by members of the Confederation in 1771, and held outside of Warsaw.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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