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Encyclopedia > Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel

Birth name Arthur Stanley Jefferson
Born 16 June 1890
Flag of England Ulverston, Lancashire, England
Died 23 February 1965 (age 74)
Flag of United States Santa Monica, California, United States
Other name(s) Stan Jefferson
Spouse(s) Lois Nielson (1926–34)
Virginia Ruth Rogers (1935–38)
Vera Ivanova Shuvalova ("Illeana") (1938–40)
Virginia Ruth Rogers (1941–46)
Ida Kitaeva Raphael (1946–65)
Official site Laurel & Hardy

Stan Laurel (born Arthur Stanley Jefferson; 16 June 189023 February 1965) was an English comic actor, writer and director, famous as part of the comedy double act Laurel and Hardy, whose career stretched from the silent films of the early 20th Century until post-World War II. Stan Laurel File links The following pages link to this file: Stan Laurel ... June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England_(bordered). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Lancashire is a county in North West England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification  -  by Athelstan 967  Area... February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Santa Monica (disambiguation). ... June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification  -  by Athelstan 967  Area... Laurel and Hardy are one of the worlds most popular double acts A double act, also known as a comedy duo, is a comic device in which humor is derived from the uneven relationship between two partners, usually of the same gender, age, ethnic origin, and profession, but drastically... Laurel and Hardy, in a promotional still from their 1937 feature film Way Out West. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...

Contents

Early life

Stan Laurel was born Arthur Stanley Jefferson on 16 June 1890 in Ulverston, Lancashire in England. His parents, Arthur and Madge (Margaret) Jefferson, were both active in the theatre and Stan's home life was a happy one. In his early years, he spent much time living with his grandmother Sarah Metcalfe, as his father managed a number of different theatres. Stan had a natural affinity for the theatre, with his first professional performance on stage at the age of sixteen. In 1910, he joined Fred Karno's troupe of actors, which also included a young Charlie Chaplin. For some time, Stan acted as Chaplin's understudy. The Karno troupe toured America, and brought both Chaplin and Laurel to the United States for the first time. From 1916 to 1918, he teamed up with Alice and Baldwin Cooke, who become lifelong friends. In 1918, Laurel appeared briefly with Oliver Hardy in a silent movie short The Lucky Dog. June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Lancashire is a county in North West England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea. ... Fred Karno - the stage name of Frederick John Westcott (March 26, 1866 - September 18, 1941) - was a theatre impressario. ... “Charles Chaplin” redirects here. ... An understudy is a theatrical term for someone who learns the lines and moves of a leading actor or actress in a theatrical play. ... Baldwin Cooke in Be Big! (1931) Baldwin Cooke also known as Baldy Cooke (10 March 1888 - 31 December 1953) was an American actor New York born Cooke, and his wife Alice, toured in vaudeville with Stan, remaining close friends over the years. ... Oliver Hardy (born Norvell Hardy; January 18, 1892 – August 7, 1957) was an American actor, most remembered for his role in one of the worlds most famous double acts, Laurel and Hardy, with his friend Stan Laurel. ... The Lucky Dog was the first film featuring the famous comedy duo of Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy, later known as Laurel and Hardy. ...


It was around this time that Stan met Mae Dahlberg, who was to have a great impact on his life. Also about this time, Stan adopted the stage name of Laurel, at Dahlberg's suggestion. The pair were performing together when Laurel was offered $75.00 per week to star in two-reel comedies. After the making of his first film, Nuts in May, Universal offered him a contract. The contract was short-lived, however, and was cancelled during a reorganisation at the studio. Universal Studios (sometimes called Universal Pictures or Universal City Studios), a subsidiary of NBC Universal, is one of the major American film studios that has production studios and offices located at 100 Universal City Plaza Drive in Universal City, California, an unincorporated area of Los Angeles County between Los Angeles...


By 1924, Laurel had forsaken his stage career to work full time in films, now under contract with Joe Rock. The contract called for Laurel to make twelve two-reel comedies. The contract also had one unusual stipulation, that Dahlberg was not to appear in any of the films. It was felt that her temperament was hindering his career. In 1925, when she started interfering with Laurel's work, Rock offered her a cash settlement and a one-way ticket back to her native Australia, which she accepted. In 1926, he married his first wife, Lois Nielson. Joe Rock was an American movie producer best remembered today for producing a series of short comedies starring Stan Laurel in the 1920s. ...


He was also good friends with Jimmy Finlayson before the team of Laurel and Hardy appeared. Actor Jimmy Finlayson James Jimmy Finlayson (born August 27, 1887 in Falkirk, Scotland; died October 9, 1953 in Los Angeles) was a Scottish-American actor who worked in both silent and sound comedies. ...


Laurel and Hardy

Main article: Laurel and Hardy
Laurel and Hardy appeared for the first time in color in the The Rogue Song (1930).

Laurel went on to join the Hal Roach studio, and began directing films, including a 1926 production called Yes, Yes, Nanette. It was his intention to work primarily as a writer and director, but fate stepped in. In 1927, Oliver Hardy, another member of the Hal Roach Studios Comedy All Star players, was injured in a kitchen mishap and Laurel was asked to return to the front of the cameras. Laurel and Hardy began sharing screen time together in Slipping Wives, Duck Soup and With Love and Hisses. It soon became obvious that the two men had a certain comic on screen chemistry. Roach Studios' supervising director Leo McCarey noticed the audience reaction to the two and had begun intentionally teaming them together, leading to the creation of the Laurel and Hardy series late that year. Laurel and Hardy, in a promotional still from their 1937 feature film Way Out West. ... Image File history File linksMetadata RogueSong22. ... Image File history File linksMetadata RogueSong22. ... The Rogue Song is a 1930 musical romance film which tells the story of a Russian bandit who falls in love with a princess, but takes his revenge on her when her brother rapes and kills his sister. ... Harold Eugene Roach, Sr. ... Oliver Hardy (born Norvell Hardy; January 18, 1892 – August 7, 1957) was an American actor, most remembered for his role in one of the worlds most famous double acts, Laurel and Hardy, with his friend Stan Laurel. ... Slipping Wives is a 1927 comedy short starring Priscilla Dean, with an early Hal Roach appearance of Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy, who do not work as a team in this film. ... Duck Soup was a short film made by Hal Roach Studios in 1927. ... With Love and Hisses is a 1927 short comedy film. ... Leo McCarey (October 3, 1898 - July 5, 1969) was a movie director, screenwriter and producer. ... Laurel and Hardy, in a promotional still from their 1937 feature film Way Out West. ...


Together, the two men began producing a huge body of short movies, including The Battle of the Century, Should Married Men Go Home?, Two Tars, Be Big!, Big Business, and many others. Laurel and Hardy successfully made the transition to talking films with the short Unaccustomed As We Are in 1929. In the same year they appeared in their first feature in one of the revue sequences of The Hollywood Revue of 1929 and the following year they appeared as the comic relief in a lavish all-color (in Technicolor) musical feature entitled: The Rogue Song. In 1931, they made their first full length movie (in which they were the leading stars), Pardon Us although they continued to make features and shorts until 1935, including their 1932 three-reeler The Music Box which won an Academy Award for Best Short Subject. The Battle of the Century is a 1927 Hal Roach two-reeler starring Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy, who, although just teamed, had yet to take on their recognisible Stan and Ollie characters on a more or less permanent basis. ... Should Married Men Go Home? is a 1928 short comedy film starring Laurel and Hardy. ... Two Tars, directed by James Parrott and released in 1928, is recognized as one of Laurel and Hardys greatest films. ... Be Big! is a Hal Roachs three reels short comedy, released on February 7, 1931. ... Big Business is a 1929 silent Laurel and Hardy comedy short subject directed by James W. Horne and supervised by Leo McCarey from a McCarey (uncredited) and H. M. Walker script. ... Unaccustomed As We Are, was a 1929 comedy short film starring Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy, also featuring Mae Busch, in the first of several appearances as Mrs Hardy, Edgar Kennedy, and Thelma Todd. ... The Hollywood Revue of 1929: One of the earliest ventures into the new talkie format of motion pictures, this film, directed by Charles Riesner for MGM, brought together some top acts in a two-hour vaudeville show hosted by Jack Benny. ... Logo celebrating Technicolors 90th Anniversary Technicolor is the trademark for a series of color film processes pioneered by Technicolor Motion Picture Corporation (a subsidiary of Technicolor, Inc. ... The Rogue Song is a 1930 musical romance film which tells the story of a Russian bandit who falls in love with a princess, but takes his revenge on her when her brother rapes and kills his sister. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Music Box is a 1932 three-reel (thirty minute) short subject, produced by Hal Roach, directed by James Parrott, and released to theatres by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer as part of the Laurel and Hardy series. ... This name for the Academy Award for Live Action Short Film was introduced in 1974. ...


Trouble at Roach Studio

A promotional still photo for A Chump At Oxford (1940)

During the 1930s, Laurel was involved in a dispute with Hal Roach and ended up having his contract terminated. After undergoing a trial over drink-driving charges, he counter-sued the Roach studio. Eventually, the case was dropped and Laurel returned to Roach. Meanwhile, Laurel had divorced his first wife and married Virginia Ruth Rogers in 1935, whom he divorced to marry his third wife Vera Ivanova Shuvalova ("Illeana") in 1938. However, by 1941, he had once again married Virginia Ruth Rogers. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A Chump at Oxford, directed by Alfred Goulding and released in 1940 by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, was the penultimate Laurel and Hardy film made at the Hal Roach studios. ... Harold Eugene Roach, Sr. ...


After returning to Roach studios, the first film Laurel and Hardy made was A Chump at Oxford. After that, they made Saps at Sea, which was the last film under Roach's employment. In April 1940, their contract expired. Laurel and Hardy, in a promotional still from their 1937 feature film Way Out West. ... A Chump at Oxford, directed by Alfred Goulding and released in 1940 by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, was the penultimate Laurel and Hardy film made at the Hal Roach studios. ... Saps at Sea was the final film Laurel and Hardy made at Hal Roach studios, and also their last film with Laurel and Hardy regulars Jimmy Finlayson and Charlie Hall. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


Fox Studios

In 1939, Laurel and Hardy signed a contract at 20th Century Fox to make one motion picture and nine more over the following five months. During the war years their work became more standardised and less successful. Laurel discovered he had diabetes, so he encouraged Oliver Hardy to make two movies without him. In 1946, he divorced Virginia Ruth Rogers and married Ida Kitaeva Raphael. With Ida, he enjoyed a happy marriage until his death. In 1950, Laurel and Hardy were asked to make a film in France. The film, Utopia (also released as Atoll K), was a disaster. Both stars were noticeably ill during the filming. When they returned home, they spent most of their time recovering. In 1952, Laurel and Hardy did another tour of Europe. This tour was very successful and they toured Europe again in 1953. Laurel and Hardy, in a promotional still from their 1937 feature film Way Out West. ... Related articles FOX Television Network Fox Searchlight Pictures Fox Entertainment Group List of Hollywood movie studios List of movies Variant of current 20th Century Fox logo External links 20th Century Fox Movies official site Twentieth Century Fox is also the punning title of a song by The Doors on their... This article is about the disease that features high blood sugar. ... Atoll K, released in 1950, was the final film Laurel and Hardy made as a team. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ...


During this tour, Laurel fell ill and was unable to perform for several weeks. In May 1954, Oliver Hardy had a heart attack that made them call off the tour. In 1955, they were planning to do a television series, The Fable of Laurel and Hardy, based on children's stories. However, the plans were delayed because Laurel suffered a stroke. He recovered and just when he was planning to get back to work, Oliver Hardy had a massive stroke on 15 September 1956. He was paralyzed and stayed in bed for several months unable to speak or move. Stroke is the clinical designation for a rapidly developing loss of brain function due to an interruption in the blood supply to all or part of the brain. ... Stroke is the clinical designation for a rapidly developing loss of brain function due to an interruption in the blood supply to all or part of the brain. ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Hardy's death

On 7 August 1957, Oliver Hardy died. Due to his own poor health, Laurel did not attend his funeral, stating "Babe would understand". After that, Laurel decided he would never act again without his long-time friend, but he did write gags and sketches for fellow comedians. People who knew Laurel said he was absolutely devastated by Hardy's death and never fully recovered. On one occasion following Hardy's passing, a casual fan mistook Laurel for his late partner. "Aren't you Oliver Hardy?" the fan asked. Laurel obliged, claiming he was indeed Oliver Hardy. The fan then asked whatever happened to "the other guy". Laurel tellingly replied "Oh him? He went barmy." August 7 is the 219th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (220th in leap years), with 146 days remaining. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Life after Laurel and Hardy

In 1961, Laurel won a Lifetime Achievement Academy Award for his pioneering work in the field of comedy. He had achieved his lifelong dream as a comedian and had been involved in nearly 190 movies. He spent his final years living in a small apartment in the Oceana Hotel in Santa Monica. Always gracious to fans, he spent much of this time meticulously answering fan mail. His phone number was listed in the Santa Monica telephone directory, and fans were amazed that they could simply dial the number and find themselves talking to Stan Laurel. Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica is a coastal city located in Los Angeles County, California USA, by the Pacific Ocean, south of Pacific Palisades and Brentwood, west of Westwood, Los Angeles, and north of Venice. ...


He died on 23 February 1965, several days after suffering a heart attack. A comedian until the very last, Stan Laurel, just minutes away from death, told to his nurse he would not mind going skiing right at that very moment. Somewhat taken aback, the nurse replied that she was not aware that he was a skier. "I'm not," said Stan, "I'd rather be doing that than have all these needles stuck into me!". A few minutes later the nurse looked in on him again and found that Stan Laurel had quietly slipped away. February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Acute myocardial infarction (AMI or MI), commonly known as a heart attack, is a disease state that occurs when the blood supply to a part of the heart is interrupted. ...


Dick Van Dyke, a friend and protege of Laurel's during his later years, gave the eulogy at his funeral; the great silent screen comedian Buster Keaton was overheard at Laurel's funeral giving his assessment of the comedian's considerable talents: "Chaplin wasn't the funniest, I wasn't the funniest, this man was the funniest". Richard Wayne Van Dyke (born December 13, 1925) is an Emmy-Award winning American television and movie actor, comedian and dancer. ... Joseph Frank Keaton, Jr. ...


Laurel even wrote his own epitaph; "If anyone at my funeral has a long face, I'll never speak to him again." He was buried at Forest Lawn - Hollywood Hills Cemetery in Los Angeles. Forest Lawn - Hollywood Hills Cemetery is located at 6300 Forest Lawn Drive in Los Angeles, California, on the south edge of the San Fernando Valley by Burbank (and on the north side of the Santa Monica Mountains from Hollywood). ...


In 1989 a statue of Laurel was erected in Dockwray Square, North Shields, where he lived at No. 8 from 1897 to 1902, and where the steps down from the Square to the North Shields Fish Quay were said to have inspired the piano-moving scene in The Music Box. In 2006, BBC Four showed a drama based on Laurel meeting Hardy on his deathbed and reminiscing about their career called Stan.[1] North Shields (or locally just Shields) is a town on the north bank of the River Tyne, in the metropolitan borough of North Tyneside, in North East England. ... The Music Box is a 1932 three_reel (thirty minute) short subject, produced by Hal Roach, directed by James Parrott, and released to theatres by Metro_Goldwyn_Mayer as part of the Laurel and Hardy series. ... BBC Four Ident BBC Four is a BBC television channel available to digital television (Freeview, satellite and cable) viewers in the UK. The successor to an earlier digital channel called BBC Knowledge, BBC Four began on March 2, 2002 – its first evenings programmes being simulcast on BBC Two. ...


Filmography

These are the films of Stan Laurel as an actor without Oliver Hardy. ... This is a list of Laurel and Hardy films which starred or at least featured Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Stan Laurel
Persondata
NAME Laurel, Stan
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Jefferson, Arthur Stanley
SHORT DESCRIPTION silent film comedian
DATE OF BIRTH 16 June 1890
PLACE OF BIRTH Ulverston, Lancashire, England
DATE OF DEATH 23 February 1965
PLACE OF DEATH Santa Monica, California, United States

  Results from FactBites:
 
Stan Laurel - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1475 words)
Laurel was born in Ulverston, Lancashire, but spent most of his early life in the North East of England, particularly North Shields, Northumberland, where he lived from 1897 to 1902, and Bishop Auckland, County Durham, between 1902 and 1905.
Laurel had a natural affinity for the theatre, with his first professional performance on stage at the age of sixteen.
Laurel even wrote his own obituary; "If anyone at my funeral has a long face, I'll never speak to him again." He was buried at Forest Lawn -Hollywood Hills Cemetery in Los Angeles.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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