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Encyclopedia > Stalking

Stalking is a course of directed violence to a person that would cause them to feel fear. This includes seeking and obtaining the person's personal information in order to contact them; e.g. looking for their details on computers, electoral rolls, personal files and other material with the person's personal details without their consent. Personal details include their date of birth, marital status, home address, email address, telephone number (landline and mobile), where they work, or which school, college or university they go to; and personal information on their family and friends and any other sensitive and confidential information (e.g. medical conditions and disabilities etc.) Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Look up Stalk in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Contents

Psychology and behaviors

Stalking exists on several levels. Victims may or may not be aware that it is happening, and the perpetrators may or may not have malicious intent. Stalkers may even have a sincere but misguided belief that their victims love them, or have a desire to help the victims.[1] Contrary to crimes that consist of a single act, stalking consists of a series of actions which in themselves can be legal, such as calling on the phone, sending gifts, or sending emails.[2] Most cases of stalking never escalate to extreme levels of violence or harassment.


Stalkers will often denigrate their victims which reduces the victims to objects. This allows stalkers to feel angry at victims without experiencing empathy, or they may feel that they are entitled to behave as they please toward the victims. Viewing victims as "lesser," "weak" or otherwise seriously flawed can support delusions that the victims needs to be rescued, or punished, by the stalkers. Stalkers may slander or defame the character of their victims which may isolate the victims and give the stalkers more control or a feeling of power.


Stalkers may use manipulative behavior such as bringing legal action against their victims. They may also attempt to falsely label victims with mental illnesses. Stalkers may even threaten to commit suicide in order to coerce victims to intervene - all methods of forcing victims to have contact with the stalkers.


Stalkers may use threats and violence to frighten their victims. They may engage in vandalism and property damage (usually to victims' cars or residences). They may use physical attacks that are mostly meant to frighten. Less common are sexual assaults or physical attacks that leave serious physical injuries.[1]


Gender studies related to stalking

The great majority of stalkers are male. The demographic characteristics and psychiatric status of male and female stalkers do not differ, except that male stalkers are more likely to have a history of criminal offenses and substance abuse. The duration of the time invested in stalking and the frequency of associated violence were equivalent between male and female stalkers. Women are more likely to target someone they have known — such as a professional contact — and rarely target strangers. Both male and female stalkers are more likely to target females than males. Men very rarely target other men.[3][4]


In "A Study of Women Who Stalk", by Purcell, Pathé and Mullen, the authors concluded that the two major psychiatric variables that differentiate female from male stalkers are the motivations for stalking and the choice of victims. Female stalkers more often seek intimacy with their victim, who is usually someone they already know. Victims frequently work in professional helping roles such as doctors, nurses, therapists and counselors. Context was found to differ, but the conclusion was that the intrusiveness and harmfulness did not. Female stalkers are potentially as dangerous as any male stalker.[3]


Types of stalkers (individual)

Psychologists tend to group individuals who stalk into two categories: psychotic and nonpsychotic. Many stalkers have pre-existing psychotic disorders such as delusional disorder, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar disorder (in some cases), obsessive compulsive disorder or schizophrenia. Most stalkers are nonpsychotic and exhibit disorders or neuroses such as major depression, adjustment disorder, or substance dependence, as well as a variety of Axis II personality disorders, such as antisocial, avoidant, borderline, dependent, narcissistic, or paranoia. Some of the symptoms of "obsessing" over a person is part of obsessive compulsive personality disorder. The nonpsychotic stalkers' pursuit of victims can be influenced by various psychological factors, including anger and hostility, projection of blame, obsession, dependency, minimization and denial, and jealousy. Conversely, as is more commonly the case, the stalker has no antipathic feelings towards the victim, but simply a longing that cannot be fulfilled due to either in their personality or their society's norms.[5] Psychosis is a psychiatric classification for a mental state in which the perception of reality is distorted. ... Delusional disorder is a psychiatric diagnosis denoting a psychotic mental illness that involves holding one or more non-bizarre delusions in the absence of any other significant psychopathology (signs or symptoms of mental illness). ... For other uses, see Bipolar. ... For other things named OCD, see OCD (disambiguation). ... A neurosis, in psychoanalytic theory, is an ineffectual coping strategy that Sigmund Freud suggested was caused by emotions from past experience overwhelming or interfering with present experience. ... On the Threshold of Eternity. ... In psychology, adjustment disorder refers to a psychological disturbance that develops in response to a stressor. ... A chemical dependency is such a strong dependency on a substance that it becomes necessary to have this substance just to function properly; The need of a substance developed from abusing the substance, requiring the substance for survival, like the need for food, or water See also: addiction drug tolerance... The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual published by the American Psychiatric Association The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is a handbook for mental health professionals that lists different categories of mental disorder and the criteria for diagnosing them, according to the publishing organization the American Psychiatric Association. ... Wikinews has related news: Dr. Joseph Merlino on sexuality, insanity, Freud, fetishes and apathy Personality disorder, formerly referred to as a Character Disorder is a class of mental disorders characterized by rigid and on-going patterns of thought and action (Cognitive modules). ... Antisocial personality disorder (APD) is a mental disorder defined by the American Psychiatric Associations Diagnostic and Statistical Manual: The essential feature for the diagnosis is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. ... Avoidant personality disorder (APD or AvPD) [1] or Anxious personality disorder (APD) [2], is a personality disorder characterized by a pervasive pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, extreme sensitivity to negative evaluation and avoidance of social interaction. ... Borderline Personality Disorder (DSM-IV Personality Disorders 301. ... Dependent personality disorder (DPD), formerly known as asthenic personality disorder, is a personality disorder that is characterized by a pervasive psychological dependence on other people. ... This article is about narcissism as a word in common use. ... For other senses of this word, see paranoia (disambiguation). ... Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD) is a personality disorder that is characterized by a general psychological inflexibility, rigid conformity to rules and procedures, perfectionism, and excessive orderliness. ...


Stalking can be done in the following ways

  • Constantly emailing
  • Constantly having instant messenger conversations/chatroom conversations
  • Constantly writing letters
  • Following the person around
  • Following the person to his/her home
  • Finding out the person's address and where his/her home is
  • Constant phone calls and/or nuisance phone calls
  • Constantly taking pictures of him/her without consent in any form.
  • Tracing the person by looking up his/her personal information from any source (e.g noseying on electoral rolls, personal databases, looking in a phone directory etc)
  • Not leaving him/her alone when he/she has said no/they are not interested.
  • Invading privacy and personal space
  • Spying in any form whether by bare eyes and/or by means of cameras, scopes, binoculars etc.

In "A Study of Stalkers," Mullen et al (2000)[6][4] identify five types of stalkers:

  • Rejected stalkers: pursue their victims in order to reverse, correct, or avenge a rejection (e.g. divorce, separation, termination).
  • Resentful stalkers: pursue a vendetta because of a sense of grievance against the victims - motivated mainly by the desire to frighten and distress the victim.
  • Intimacy seekers: The intimacy seeker seeks to establish an intimate, loving relationship with their victim. To them, the victim is a long sought-after soul mate, and they were 'meant' to be together.
  • Incompetent suitor: despite poor social or courting skills, they have a fixation, or in some cases a sense of entitlement to an intimate relationship with those who have attracted their amorous interest. Their victims are most often already in a dating relationship with someone else.
  • Predatory stalker: spy on the victim in order to prepare and plan an attack - usually sexual – on the victim.

Many stalkers fit categories with paranoia disorders. Intimacy-seeking stalkers often have delusional disorders involving erotomanic delusions, or delusions that are secondary to a pre-existing psychotic disorder such as OCD and schizophrenia. With rejected stalkers, the continual clinging to a relationship of an inadequate or dependent person couples with the entitlement of the narcissistic personality, and the persistent jealousy of the paranoid personality. In contrast, resentful stalkers demonstrate an almost “pure culture of persecution,” with delusional disorders of the paranoid type, paranoid personalities, and paranoid schizophrenia.[6] Look up Fixation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Laws on stalking

Canada

Section 264 of the Criminal Code of Canada, titled "criminal harassment"[7] addresses acts which are termed "stalking" in many other jurisdictions. The provisions of the section came into force in August of 1993 with the intent of further strengthening laws protecting women.[8] It is a hybrid offence, which may be punishable upon summary conviction or as an indictable offence, the latter of which may carry a prison term of up to ten years. Section 264 has withstood Charter challenges.[9] The Canadian Criminal Code (formal title An Act respecting the Criminal Law) is the codification of most of the criminal offenses and procedure in Canada. ... A hybrid offence or dual offence are the special offences in Canadian criminal law where the prosecution may choose whether to proceed with a summary offence or an indictment. ... In the law of many common law jurisdictions, a summary offence (or summary offense) is an offence which can be tried without an indictment. ... In many common law jurisdictions (e. ... The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is the bill of rights which forms part of the Constitution of Canada adopted in 1982. ...


China

In China, stalking has been expressly forbidden since 1987 (now replaced by a new law, with similar substance),[citation needed] as in the context of organised crimes suppression, under Macau's laws.[citation needed] Organized crime is crime carried out systematically by formal criminal organizations. ...


Japan

In 2000, Japan enacted a national law to combat this behaviour, under the effect of Shiori Ino murder.[10] Acts of stalking can be viewed as "interfering [with] the tranquility of others' lives", and are prohibited under petty offence laws. The correct title of this article is tranquility. ...


United Kingdom

In England, stalking was criminalised by the enactment of the Protection from Harassment Act 1997,[11] which came into force on June 16, 1997. It makes it a criminal offence, punishable by up to six months imprisonment, to pursue a course of conduct which amounts to harassment of another on two or more occasions. The court can also issue a restraining order, which carries a maximum punishment of five years imprisonment if breached. Already before the enactment of the Act, the Malicious Communications Act 1998[12] and the Telecommunications Act 1984 criminalised indecent, offensive or threatening phone calls and the sending of an indecent, offensive or threatening letter, electronic communication or other article to another person. For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ...


In Scotland, provision is made under the Protection from Harassment Act against stalking. It is not a criminal offence, however, but falls under the law of delict. Victims of stalking may sue for interdict against an alleged stalker, or a non-harassment order, breach of which is an offence. This article is about the country. ...


United States

The first state to criminalize stalking in the United States was California in 1990[13] due to several high profile stalking cases in California, including the 1982 attempted murder of actress Theresa Saldana,[14] the 1988 massacre by Richard Farley,[15] the 1989 murder of actress Rebecca Schaeffer,[16] and five Orange County stalking murders also in 1989.[17][15] The first anti-stalking law in the United States, California Penal Code Section 646.9, was developed and proposed by Municipal Court Judge John Watson of Orange County. Watson with U.S. Congressman Ed Royce introduced the law in 1990.[17][18] Also in 1990, the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) began the United States' first Threat Management Unit, founded by LAPD Captain Robert Martin. This article is about the U.S. state. ... Theresa Saldana (born August 20, 1954) is an American actress, best known for her work in motion pictures and television. ... Picture of Richard Farley being escorted by two police officers Richard Wade Farley (b. ... Rebecca Lucile Schaeffer (November 6, 1967 – July 18, 1989) was an actress who was shot and killed by Robert John Bardo, prompting the passage of anti-stalking laws in California. ... Cities in Orange County Orange County is a county in Southern California, United States. ... Cities in Orange County Orange County is a county in Southern California, United States. ... Edward Randall Ed Royce (born October 12, 1951), an American politician, has been a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives since 1993, representing the heavily Republican 40th District of California (map) in northen Orange County, including portions of Stanton, Cypress, Buena Park, Fullerton, Placentia, and Orange. ... LAPD and L.A.P.D. redirect here. ... Threat Management Unit in the context of civilian law enforcement is a common title for a police deparment team that handles cases of harrassment or stalking. ... LAPD and L.A.P.D. redirect here. ...


Within three years[17] thereafter, every state in the United States and some other common-law jurisdictions followed suit to create the crime of stalking, under different names such as criminal harassment or criminal menace. The Driver's Privacy Protection Act (DPPA) was enacted in 1994 in response to numerous cases of a driver's information being abused for criminal activity, examples such as the Saldana and Schaeffer stalking cases.[19][20] The DPPA prohibits states from disclosing a driver's personal information without consent by State Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV). The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006[21] made stalking punishable under the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ). The law took effect on 1 October 2007.[22] This law brings the UCMJ in line with federal laws against stalking. Laws against stalking in different jurisdictions vary, and so do the definitions. Some make the act illegal as it stands, while others do only if the stalking becomes threatening or endangers the receiving end. In England and Wales, liability may arise in the event that the victim suffers either mental or physical harm as a result of being stalked (see R. v. Constanza). Many states in the US also recognize stalking as grounds for issuance of a civil restraining order. Since this requires a lower burden of proof than a criminal charge, laws recognizing non-criminal allegations of stalking suffer the same risk of abuse seen with false allegations of domestic violence.[citation needed] Theresa Saldana (born August 20, 1954) is an American actress, best known for her work in motion pictures and television. ... Rebecca Lucile Schaeffer (November 6, 1967 – July 18, 1989) was an actress who was shot and killed by Robert John Bardo, prompting the passage of anti-stalking laws in California. ... Commonwealth of Massachusetts Registry of Motor Vehicles on Washington Street in Bostons Chinatown In the United States of America, a Department of Motor Vehicles (or DMV) is a state-level government agency that administers vehicle registration and driver licensing. ... The Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) is the foundation of military law in the United States. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Law (disambiguation). ... R. v. ... Domestic disturbance redirects here. ...


Effects of stalking

Stalking does not consist of single incidents, but is a continuous process. Stalking can be a terrifying experience for victims, placing them at risk of psychological trauma, and possible physical harm. As Rokkers writes, "Stalking is a form of mental assault, in which the perpetrator repeatedly, unwontedly, and disruptively breaks into the life-world of the victim, with whom they have no relationship (or no longer have). Moreover, the separated acts that make up the intrusion cannot by themselves cause the mental abuse, but do taken together (cumulative effect)."[2]


On a victim's mental and emotional health

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the mental state. ... To blame is to hold another person or group responsible for perceived faults, be those faults real, imagined, or merely invented for pejorative purposes. ... This article is about the emotion. ... For other uses, see Shame (disambiguation). ... Embarrassment is an unpleasant emotional state experienced upon having a socially or professionally unacceptable act or condition witnessed by or revealed to others. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sadness is a mood that displays feeling of disadvantage and loss. ... In psychology, self-esteem or self-worth is a persons self-image at an emotional level; circumventing reason and logic. ... For consciousness of ones existence, see Self-awareness. ... Insecurity is either danger, i. ... Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a term for certain severe psychological consequences of exposure to, or confrontation with, stressful events that the person experiences as highly traumatic. ... Look up Confusion in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Confusion can have the following meanings: Unclarity or puzzlement, e. ... Irritability is an excessive response to stimuli. ... For other uses, see Fear (disambiguation). ... This article is about state anxiety. ... For other uses, see Phobia (disambiguation). ... Panic attacks are sudden, discrete periods of intense anxiety, fear and discomfort that are associated with a variety of somatic and cognitive symptoms[1]. The onset of these episodes is typically abrupt, and may have no obvious trigger. ... This article is about the emotion. ... For other uses, see Depression. ... A flashback is a psychological phenomenon in which an individual has a sudden, usually vivid, recollection of a past experience. ... Look up isolation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Hypervigilance is an enhanced state of sensory sensitivity accompanied by an exaggerated intensity of behaviors whose purpose is to detect threats. ... This article is about psychological concept of attention. ... For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). ... Trust is the belief in the good character of one party, presumed to seek to fulfill policies, ethical codes, law and their previous promises. ... Definition Intimacy is complex in that its meaning varies from relationship to relationship, and within a given relationship over time. ... Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a term for certain severe psychological consequences of exposure to, or confrontation with, stressful events that the person experiences as highly traumatic. ... Complex post-traumatic stress disorder (C-PTSD) is a clinically recognized condition that results from extended exposure to prolonged social and/or interpersonal trauma, including instances of physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse (including sexual abuse during childhood), domestic violence, torture, chronic early maltreatment in a caregiving relationship, and war. ...

On a victim’s physiological health

Stalking has effects on a victim’s physiological health.[23][24]

A sleep disorder (somnipathy) is a disorder in the sleep patterns of a person or animal. ... This page is about a type of dream. ... Sexual dysfunction or sexual malfunction (see also sexual function) is difficulty during any stage of the sexual act (which includes desire, arousal, orgasm, and resolution) that prevents the individual or couple from enjoying sexual activity. ... The word fatigue is used in everyday living to describe a range of afflictions, varying from a general state of lethargy to a specific work induced burning sensation within muscle. ... For the Physics term GUT, please refer to Grand unification theory The gastrointestinal or digestive tract, also referred to as the GI tract or the alimentary canal or the gut, is the system of organs within multicellular animals which takes in food, digests it to extract energy and nutrients, and... Dermatology is a branch of medicine dealing with the skin, its structure, functions, and diseases (from Greek derma, skin), as well as its appendages (nails, hair, sweat glands). ... A headache is a condition of mild to severe pain in the head; sometimes upper back or neck pain may also be interpreted as a headache. ... Many different terms are often used to describe what is collectively known as dizziness. ... Dyspnea (Latin dyspnoea, Greek dyspnoia from dyspnoos - short of breath) or shortness of breath (SOB) is perceived difficulty breathing or pain on breathing. ... Self-medication is the use of drugs, sometimes illicit, to treat a perceived or real malady, often of a psychological nature. ... A palpitation is an abnormal, rapid beating of the heart, brought on by overexertion, disease or drugs. ... SWEAT is an OLN/TSN show hosted by Julie Zwillich that aired in 2003-2004. ...

For further reading

  • Australian Institute of Criminology stalking articles
  • How To Stop A Stalker. Proctor, Mike. Prometheus Books, 2000.
  • Minnesota Center Against Violence and Abuse Annotated Stalking Bibliography
  • The Psychology of Stalking. Meloy, J. Reid. Academic Press, 2000.
  • Stalkers and Their Victims. Mullen, Paul E., Pathe, Michele, Purcell, Rosemary. Cambridge University Press, 2000.
  • Surviving a Stalker: Everything You Need to Know to Keep Yourself Safe. Gross, Linda. Marlowe & Company, 2000.
  • Stalking
  • U.S. National Center for the Victims of Crime Annotated Stalking Bibliography

Stalking in media and literature

  • Who Was Educating Your Children: Article in the Three Village Times, legendary internet stalker David P. D'Amato stalks and harasses young men into making videos, then uses them against them on the internet. Was subsequently arrested but rumored to still partake in large scale cyber-stalking. [1]
  • Daviddamato.com: A website that focuses on the stalking activities of cyberstalker David D'Amato, but also has several anti-stalking resources and reference material.
  • The Bodyguard: film starring Kevin Costner and Whitney Houston where a stalker is obsessed with singer and actress Rachel Marron (Whitney Houston).
  • Boy Gets Girl: play written by Rebecca Gilman where a woman meets a man for a blind date and he eventually destroys her life.
  • The Cable Guy: film starring Jim Carrey and Matthew Broderick, a cable installer develops an extreme attachment to a customer; ends up stalking him, believing customer to be a perfect match (intimacy seeker)
  • The Crush: film starring Alicia Silverstone as an underage girl who stalks a man who is renting from her parents (rejected stalker)
  • Devil in the Flesh: film starring Rose McGowan as a high school girl who stalks an English teacher whom she develops a crush on (intimacy seeker and rejected stalker)
  • Every Breath You Take: song by Sting, recorded and released by The Police in 1983, depicts the sinister motivations of a stalker. The song was written in the aftermath of Sting's break-up from his first wife. Ironically, this has become known as a love song.
  • The Executioners: novel by John D. MacDonald, and later two film adaptations titled Cape Fear; a lawyer and his family are stalked by a former client bent on revenge. (resentful stalker)
  • Eye of the Stalker: TV movie starring Jere Burns as a delusional legal assistant who believes that the daughter (Brooke Langton) of a judge (Joanna Cassidy) is a perfect match and that he is destined to marry her, based on a true story (intimacy seeker and rejected stalker)
  • Fatal Attraction: film starring Michael Douglas and Glenn Close, man is stalked by a woman with whom he had a brief affair (rejected stalker); A scene in this film is probably the origin of bunny boiler as a synonym for stalker, even though it took over five years to become a widespread allusion.
  • Gravitation by Maki Murakami is a manga that involves stalking.
  • Hostile Advances: The Kerry Ellison Story: television movie about a woman stalked by a coworker, and the case that set the "Reasonable Woman" precedent in sexual harassment law
  • I Can Make You Love Me aka Stalking Laura: television movie starring Brooke Shields and Richard Thomas, based on the real-life account of the stalking of Laura Black by her co-worker Richard Farley. Farley's stalking became so severe he went on to a murder massacre at the workplace.
  • Les Miserables: novel by Victor Hugo, with several film adaptations and a Broadway musical; ex-convict Jean Valjean is stalked for years by Javert, an obsessed police inspector; Marius displays stalker-like tendencies towards Cosette (he is her secret admirer)
  • Love Creeps: novel by Amanda Filipacchi; three people obsessively stalk each other and then change their stalking order.
  • Midwest Obsession: film starring Courtney Thorne-Smith as a beauty pageant winner who has a fling with a man who returns to his ex-girlfriend (Tracey Gold), commencing stalking of the couple which escalates to violence (rejected stalker)
  • Obsessed: film starring Jenna Elfman as a medical writer who is being tried for stalking a married doctor whom she delusionally believes has had an affair with her (erotomania)
  • Play Misty for Me: Clint Eastwood movie about the erotomaniac stalking of a radio celebrity
  • Possession (song): by Sarah McLachlan, said to be inspired by letters sent by an obsessed fan, Uwe Vandrei, who committed suicide. [2]
  • Sleeping with the Enemy: novel by Nancy Price, and later a movie starring Julia Roberts; a woman escapes an abusive marriage, and is subsequently stalked by her violent husband. (rejected stalker)
  • The Stalking of Laurie Show: television movie based on the real-life account of the brutal murder of a Lancaster, Pennsylvania teenager, who was stalked by a jealous schoolmate
  • Swimfan: film starring Erika Christensen and Jesse Bradford, girl stalks boy after having a one-night fling (rejected stalker)
  • What About Bob?: film starring Richard Dreyfuss and Bill Murray, patient follows his psychiatrist on vacation, drives him crazy, wins the respect of his family, and makes him look like a loser to others. (Intimacy Seeker)
  • The Phantom of the Opera: book written by Gaston Leroux, Erik (the Phantom) stalks and later kidnaps the singer Christine. (Intimacy Seeker)
  • Poison Ivy: film starring Drew Barrymore
  • One Tree Hill: Hilarie Burton's character, Peyton Sawyer, was being stalked by an internet stalker ("WATCHMEWATCHU") who claimed to be her real brother at first. She tried to trust him, but Lucas caught on to the scheme. The character tried to rape her, but Lucas and the real Derek (her actual brother) came to her rescue. The imposter was arrested, but is now back again. Known as avid OTH fans as Psycho Derek.
  • Two and a Half Men: Charlie Sheen's character, Charlie Harper, is stalked by Melanie Lynskey's character, Rose. They had a one night stand and she was set out to become more than friends with him for the longest time. Recently, she has moved away and Charlie felt grief over said fact. However, her father, Harvey (Martin Sheen), was known to show the same behavior. Harvey had a one night stand with Charlie and Alan's mother (Holland Taylor) and began to stalk her in the exact same manner that Rose stalked Charlie.
  • Black Snow or Heide Xue (novel): Written by Liu Heng, the main character of Li Huiquan is an emotionally illiterate ex-con who becomes dangerously obsessed with a young nightclub singer. Set in contemporary Beijing, China.
  • Zetsuai & Bronze by Minami Ozaki is a popular BL long-running best-selling series "by girls, for girls" about a male singer who's childhood crush on a male soccer star he fell for as a kid, leads to assorted sexual harassment when the two meet in person years latter. Like most Japanese manga, the series romanticises stalking & rewards the attacker in the end when the victim becomes comfortable with his antagonist & stops running away. The series ended in 2007 & has two animated movies.
  • Stalker Girl a song by the Arrogant Worms detailing a girl with "abandonment issues" who won't leave the band alone.
  • "Lupin the third"- Japanese anime where Lupin, thief extraordinaire, is stalked excessively by Inspector Zenigata.
  • Robert de Niro is widely known by his stalker characters in Taxi Driver, The King of Comedy, Cape Fear and The Fan.
  • One Hour Photo, a movie by Mark Romanek with Robin Williams as Seymour 'Sy' Parrish, who stalk an entire family.
  • Down in the Valley, a movie with Edward Norton as Harlan, a "cowboy" who stalks a girl and her brother.
  • When a Stranger Calls.
  • Mirai Nikki is a manga series in which the main heroine, Gasai Yuno, obsessively stalks the main hero Yuukiteru.
  • P2: film starring Rachel Nichols and Wes Bentley, a woman is terrorized in a parking garage by a delusional man who is in love with her(Intimacy Seeker)
  • Prom Night, a movie in which a high school student is stalked on her prom night by a previous teacher who spent the last three years in prison for murdering her parents.

In the book El susurro de la mujer ballena (The whisper of the Whale woman" by Peruvian writer Alonso Cueto, the protagonist, Veronica, is stalked by an obese female classmate of hers, whom everyone mocked in her school days. For other uses, see The Bodyguard (disambiguation). ... Kevin Michael Costner (born January 18, 1955) is an Academy Award-winning American film actor, director and producer. ... Whitney Elizabeth Houston (born August 9, 1963) is a six-time Grammy award winning, American R&B singer, soprano, pianist, actress, film producer, and former model. ... Boy Gets Girl is a 2000 play by Rebecca Gilman. ... Rebecca Gilman (b. ... For the comedian, see Larry the Cable Guy. ... James Eugene Carrey (born January 17, 1962) is a two-time Golden Globe Award-winning Canadian-American A-list film actor and comedian. ... Matthew Broderick (born March 21, 1962) is a Tony Award-winning American film and stage actor who is best known for his roles as the title character in Ferris Buellers Day Off and the adult Simba in Disneys The Lion King. ... The Crush (1993) is an American thriller, directed and written by Alan Shapiro, filmed in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ... Alicia Silverstone, (born October 4, 1976) is an American actress and former fashion model. ... Devil In The Flesh is a 1998 film starring Rose McGowan. ... Rose Arianna McGowan (born September 5, 1973) is an American actress best known for her role as Paige Matthews in The WB television series Charmed and the cult-classic The Doom Generation. ... Every Breath You Take is a song written by Sting and originally performed by The Police. ... This article is about the musician. ... This article is about the rock band. ... The Executioners is a thriller novel written by John D. MacDonald, published in 1957. ... John Dann MacDonald (July 24, 1916 – December 28, 1986), writing as John D. MacDonald, was an American writer best known for his series of detective novels featuring protagonist Travis McGee. ... Cape Fear is the title of two films: Cape Fear (1962 film) - directed by J. Lee Thompson, starring Gregory Peck and Robert Mitchum Cape Fear (1991 film) - directed by Martin Scorsese, starring Robert De Niro and Nick Nolte Cape Feare is an episode of The Simpsons which parodies the two... Biography He was born on October 15, 1954 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. He has 3 children. ... Brooke Langton (born November 27, 1970) is an American actress. ... Joanna Cassidy (b. ... Fatal Attraction is a 1987 thriller about a married man who has a weekend affair with a woman who refuses to allow it to end and who becomes obsessed with him. ... For other people bearing this name, see Michael Douglas (disambiguation) Michael Kirk Douglas (born September 25, 1944) is an American actor and producer, primarily in movies and television. ... Glenn Close (born March 19, 1947) is an American film and stage actress and singer, perhaps best known for her role as a deranged stalker in Fatal Attraction (1987). ... Look up bunny boiler in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Serialized in Original run 1996 – 2002 No. ... This article is about the comics created in Japan. ... Brooke Christa Camille Shields[1] (born May 31, 1965) is an American actress and supermodel. ... Richard Thomas (born June 13, 1951) is an American actor, best known as John-Boy on the TV series, The Waltons. ... Picture of Richard Farley being escorted by two police officers Richard Wade Farley (b. ... Les Misérables is an 1862 novel by the famous French novelist Victor Hugo, set in the Parisian underworld. ... Victor-Marie Hugo (pronounced ) (February 26, 1802 — May 22, 1885) was a French poet, playwright, novelist, essayist, visual artist, statesman, human rights campaigner, and perhaps the most influential exponent of the Romantic movement in France. ... Jean Valjean - illustration from original publication of Les Misèrables, after a painting by Gustave Brion (1824-1877) Jean Valjean is a fictional character and the protagnost of Victor Hugos classic novel Les Misèrables. ... Overview Javert is a Police Inspector in the 19th Century French Novel Les Misérables by Victor Hugo, Javert can be described as the primary antagonist but also as a comparitive personality to the protagonist and ex-convict Jean Valjean. ... A secret admirer is a person who loves someone else from afar. ... Amanda Filipacchi Amanda Filipacchi (born 1967 in Paris, France) is an American novelist based in New York City. ... Courtney Thorne-Smith Courtney Thorne-Smith (born November 8, 1967) is an American actress. ... 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Liu Heng (Simplified Chinese: 刘恒; pinyin: Liú Héng) (1954-) is generally seen as a realist writer. ... Zetsuai is a yaoi manga. ... This article is about the metal alloy. ... BL may refer to: Bionicle Legends Bahamut Lagoon Banja Luka, the second largest city in Bosnia and Herzegovina Basel-Country (Basel-Landschaft), Canton of Switzerland BasicLinux Big Love Bill of Lading BL Publishing Black Lagoon Bobby Lashley Body Language Bolivia (FIPS Pub 10-4 and obsolete NATO digram) Bong Load... This article is about the comics created in Japan. ... The Arrogant Worms are a Canadian musical comedy trio that parodies many musical genres. ... Lupin III or Lupin the 3rd (ルパン三世, Lupin the 3rd, not Lupin 3) is an anime and manga series originally created by manga artist Kazuhiko Katō (加藤一彦) under the pen name Monkey Punch (モンキーパンチ) in 1967 as a part of Weekly Manga Action . ... Robert Mario De Niro, Jr. ... This article is about the 1976 American film. ... 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See also

Cyberstalking is the use of the Internet or other electronic means to stalk someone. ... For the song by Dream Theater, see A Mind Beside Itself. ... Defined narrowly, a game stalker is a hunter who for sport, approaches close to his timid quarry before making a kill. ... Look up Persecution in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... An anonymous poison pen letter to a former teacher. ... A secret admirer is a person who loves someone else from afar. ... For other uses, see Surveillance (disambiguation). ... Threat Management Unit in the context of civilian law enforcement is a common title for a police deparment team that handles cases of harrassment or stalking. ... For other uses, see Violence (disambiguation). ...

References

The Japan Times is one of the few independent English language newspapers published in Japan: it mainly competes with English editions of the major dailies, such as the Daily Yomiuri and the International Herald Tribune/Asahi Shimbun. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Stalking - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1708 words)
Stalking is a legal term for repeated harassment or other forms of invasion of a person's privacy in a manner that causes fear to its target.
However, the nature of the acts of stalking can be viewed as acts "interfering the tranquility of others' lives", and are prohibited under petty offence laws in China, made in 1987 (replaced by a new law, but the substance is preserved).
Stalking, as in the context of organised crimes suppression, is expressly forbidden under Macau's laws.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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