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Encyclopedia > Stafford, Connecticut
Stafford, Connecticut
Image:Stafford.gif
Seal
Location in Tolland County, Connecticut
Location in Tolland County, Connecticut
Coordinates: 41°59′00″N 72°18′58″W / 41.983333, -72.31611
NECTA Hartford
Region None
Settled 1719
Government
 - Type Selectman-town meeting
 - First Selectman Allen Bacchiochi (R)
Area
 - Town 152.2 km²  (58.8 sq mi)
 - Land 150.2 km² (58.0 sq mi)
 - Water 2.1 km² (0.8 sq mi)
Elevation 191 m (627 ft)
Population (2005)
 - Town 11,857
 - Density 79/km² (204/sq mi)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 06076
Area code(s) 860
FIPS code 09-72090
GNIS feature ID 0212349
Website: http://www.staffordct.org
Staffordville Lake
Staffordville Lake

Stafford is a town in Tolland County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 11,307 at the 2000 census. Stafford was settled in 1719. Image File history File links US-CT-Stafford. ... Tolland County is a county located in the northeastern part of the state of Connecticut. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[3] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[2] Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[4] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... A New England City and Town Area or NECTA is a geographic entity in the New England region of the United States. ... The Board of Selectmen is commonly the executive arm of town government in New England. ... The First Selectman (sometimes Selectwoman depending on the preference of the person holding the office) is the traditional head of the Board of Selectmen of a New England town. ... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Area code 860 is a telephone area code that covers the eastern and northwestern parts of Connecticut. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 544 KB) Staffordville Lake I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 544 KB) Staffordville Lake I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... Tolland County is a county located in the northeastern part of the state of Connecticut. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[3] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[2] Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[4] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ...

Contents

History

The Colonial Town of Stafford began almost 300 years ago as a rural agricultural community. The easy availability of water power from the tributaries of the Willimantic River led to industrialization, and this abundance of power helped generate local population growth. By the mid-1800s, Stafford was connected by railroad to markets across New England, and before the State Highway projects of the 1920s and 1930s, the town had a trolley connection to Rockville, CT. In the times of the civil war, Stafford was known to make cannonballs and other war supplies for the northern forces. This building can be located in staffordville, west of the center of town. This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ...


Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 152.2 km² (58.8 mi²). 150.1 km² (58.0 mi²) of it is land and 2.1 km² (0.8 mi²) of it (1.38%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


The Town of Stafford, Connecticut is located at the intersection of Routes 190 and 32, in the northeastern region of the state. The community is comprised of the downtown area known as the village of Stafford Springs, as well as the more rural areas of Staffordville, Stafford Hollow, and West Stafford. Route 32 is a 54. ...


While the Town has managed to maintain its New England milltown charm and culture, it is rapidly becoming a bedroom commuter town feeding into larger area communities. Many residents drive into Hartford, Manchester, and Enfield, Connecticut, as well as Springfield, Massachusetts, all of which can be reached in about a 30-minute auto commute. It is also about a half-hour drive to the University of Connecticut's main campus, in Storrs, Connecticut, United States. Hartford is the capital of the state of Connecticut, in Hartford County. ... Motto: The City of Village Charm Nickname: Silk City Location in Hartford County, Connecticut Founded 1672 Incorporated County Hartford County Borough {{{borough}}} Parrish {{{parrish}}} Mayor Josh Howroyd (D) Area  - Total  - Water 71. ... Enfield (CT) Shaker Village Enfield is a town in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[3] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[2] Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[4] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... Springfield is a city in Massachusetts. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Storrs, Connecticut - Near the Hawley Armory Gymnasium Storrs is a census-designated place and part of the town of Mansfield, Connecticut located in eastern Tolland County. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[3] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[2] Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[4] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ...


Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there are 11,307 people, 4,353 households, and 3,086 families residing in the town. The population density is 75.3/km² (195.1/mi²). There are 4,616 housing units at an average density of 30.7/km² (79.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the town is 96.90% White, 0.64% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.91% Asian, 0.50% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. 1.65% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There are 4,353 households out of which 34.8% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.3% are married couples living together, 10.1% have a female householder with no husband present, and 29.1% are non-families. 23.4% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.9% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.56 and the average family size is 3.04. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the town the population is spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 38 years. For every 100 females there are 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 95.1 males.


The median income for a household in the town is $52,699, and the median income for a family is $61,694. Males have a median income of $42,157 versus $29,896 for females. The per capita income for the town is $22,017. 5.5% of the population and 4.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 7.8% of those under the age of 18 and 7.4% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Stafford has approximately 11,300 residents and covers 58 square miles, making it the third largest town (land area) in Connecticut. There is a developed downtown business section bordered by several parks. Throughout the town, there are lakes, ponds, streams, State Forests and farmlands, crisscrossed by traditional New England stone walls. Stafford has a rich historical heritage. Long before its incorporation as a town in 1719, the famous mineral springs drew Indians and settlers to the Stafford area for the curative properties of the water. In addition to its reputation as a resort area, Stafford became known for its textile mills in the later 1800s. Some of the world's most famous cloth was (and still is) woven in this town. Today, Stafford displays a rich tapestry of quaint mills, Victorian houses, and rolling country from agrarian roots to its industrial foundations.


Education

Pinney Grammar School, about 1909
Pinney Grammar School, about 1909

At the present time there are three elementary, one middle and one high school in Stafford, in addition to a parochial K-8 school (St. Edwards School). The school system serving pre-K through 12 has earned an excellent reputation. Recent state test scores place Stafford at the middle of its Educational Reference Group of similar towns. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


Stafford High School fields competitive teams in football, basketball, cross country, gymnastics, track, soccer, baseball and softball and in more recent years wrestling, as well as offering an active intramural sports program. Each spring the music, arts, and drama departments of the high and middle schools put on plays and musical productions. A variety of extracurricular activities rounds out the school program.


Medical

Johnson Memorial Hospital, located on Route 190 in Stafford, is a modern hospital built in 1975. It has an adjoining professional building which houses the practices of area doctors. Evergreen Health Care Center is a long-term care facility that is also located at this site. Evergreen and JMH serve several area towns. Stafford hosts offices of a number of physicians, dentists, optometrists, chiropractors, physical therapists and other health professionals. The Stafford Veterinary Center serves the needs of animals, both large and small.


Recreation

For the outdoor enthusiast, Stafford and North central Connecticut offers many activities. The Middle River & Willimantic River have good water for canoes & kayaks 3 - 6 months per year. Upland game hunting, fishing, swimming as well as cross country skiing, can be found. Although Bigelow Hollow State Park is in nearby Union, Connecticut, slightly to the west of Stafford, the park is especially well-loved by Stafford residents. Bigelow Hollow State Park, in Union, Connecticut is a state park surrounded by Nipmuck State Forest, and bordering Mashapaug Lake. ... Union is a town located in Tolland County, Connecticut. ...

Image:LakeInStafford.jpg
A frozen-over lake in Stafford

The Town has several tennis courts, ball fields, soccer fields, and several quiet, relaxing parks. In addition, there are private recreational swimming and tennis clubs. During the spring and summer, there is an active Little League program, youth softball, adult softball for men and women, and a summer recreational program offering swimming lessons and martial arts instruction for children. There are also programs for youth football, basketball, soccer and hockey. The nationally famous Stafford Motor Speedway attracts tens of thousands of spectators every year and is a fixture on spring and summer evenings. Stafford also has (limited) access to Sandy Beach on Crystal Lake in Ellington. Plans are being developed to provide hiking, & multi-use trails within Stafford, & connecting to other towns. Two B&B's, & nearby campgrounds, provide overnight accommodation for visitors.


Government

Stafford is governed by a Board of Selectmen consisting of three members, elected by town voters on odd years for a two-year term. The Town has no charter, but is governed in general by CT General Statutes (laws) and specifically by ordinances voted upon at town meetings. Stafford is served by the Connecticut State Police through the Resident State Trooper program. The State Police Troop C Barracks is located nearby, just off I-84 in Tolland. There are also fulltime and part-time constables that serve with resident troopers. Two volunteer fire departments cover Stafford with strategically located firehouses. The Town also hosts a volunteer ambulance organization, which serves the area.


The brand new, state-of-the-art, Stafford Public Library continually offers public service programs and unique special events for the community. Open six days a week, offering a day and evening schedule, the Stafford Public Library has established itself as one of the finest facilities east of the Connecticut River.


A modern sewer plant, constructed in 1972, services approximately one-third of the town, including the commercial and industrial area in the Service District. Curbside pick-up of municipal refuse and recyclables to be recycled is available within the Stafford Springs Service District.


In the Connecticut General Assembly, Stafford is represented by State Rep. Penny Bacchiochi and State Sen. Tony Guglielmo. The Connecticut General Assembly is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Connecticut. ... Penny Bacchiochi is an American Republican politician, currently serving as a state representative in Connecticut. ...


External links


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