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Encyclopedia > Staff (music)

In musical notation, the staff or stave is a set of five horizontal lines on which note symbols are placed to indicate pitch and rhythm. The lines are numbered from bottom to top; the bottom line is the first line and the top line is the fifth line. Music notation is a system of writing for music. ... In music, pitch is the perception of the frequency of a note. ... Rhythm (Greek ρυθμός = tempo) is the variation of the duration of sounds or other events over time. ...


The musical staff can be thought of as a graph of pitch with respect to time; pitches are roughly given by their vertical position on the staff, and notes on the left are played before notes to their right. In both cases, however, the notations are not exactly proportional but are encoded by symbols. In music, pitch is the perception of the frequency of a note. ... A duration is an amount of time or a particular time interval. ...


Music on the staff is read from left to right: one note to the right of another means that it is to be played later; how much later depends on its note value and the tempo. A time signature groups notes on the staff into measures. Parts of a note In music notation, a note value indicates the relative duration of a note, using the color or shape of the note head, the presence or absence of a stem, and the presence or absence of flags. ... In musical terminology, tempo (Italian for time) is the speed or pace of a given piece. ... The time signature (also known as meter signature) is a notational device used in Western musical notation to specify how many beats are in each bar and which note value (minim (half-note), crotchet (quarter-note), quaver (eighth-note), and so on) constitutes one beat. ... In musical notation, a bar or measure is a segment of time defined as a given number of beats of a given duration. ...

Contents


Staff positions

Staff, with staff positions indicated
Staff, with staff positions indicated

The vertical position of the notehead on the staff indicates which note is to be played: notes that are higher in pitch are marked higher up on the staff. The notehead can be placed with the center of its notehead intersecting a line (on a line), or in between the lines touching the lines above and below (in a space). Notes which fall outside the range of the staff are placed on or between ledger lines, lines the width of the note they need to hold, added above or below the staff. Image File history File links staff lines and spaces File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Figure 1. ...


Exactly which notes are represented by which staff positions is determined by a clef placed at the beginning of the staff; the clef identifies a particular line as a specific note, and all other notes are determined relative to that line. For example, the treble clef puts the G above middle C on the second line. The interval between adjacent staff positions is one step in the diatonic scale. Once fixed by a clef, the notes represented by the positions on the staff can be modified by the key signature, or by accidentals on individual notes. A clefless staff may be used to represent a set of percussion sounds; each line typically represents a different instrument. A clef (French for key) is a symbol used in musical notation that assigns notes to lines and spaces on the musical staff. ... A clef (French for key) is a symbol used in musical notation that assigns notes to lines and spaces on the musical staff. ... In music, the term middle C refers to the note C located between the staves of the grand staff, quoted as C4 in note-octave form. ... In music theory, an interval is the relationship between two notes or pitches, the lower and higher members of the interval. ... STEP has five meanings: Sixth Term Examination Paper The Society of Trust and Estate Practitioners. ... In music theory, a diatonic scale (from the Greek diatonikos, to stretch out; also known as the heptatonia prima; set form 7-35) is a seven-note musical scale comprising five whole-tone and two half-tone steps, in which the half tones are maximally separated. ... In musical notation, a key signature is a series of sharp symbols or flat symbols placed on the staff, designating notes that are to be played one semitone higher or lower unless otherwise noted with an accidental. ... An accidental is a musical notation symbol used to raise or lower the pitch of a note from that indicated by the key signature. ... Percussion instruments are music instruments played by being struck, shaken, rubbed or scraped, hence the percussive name. ...


When two staves joined by a brace are intended to be played by a single instrument, a great stave(Brit) or grand staff (Am) is created. Typically, the upper staff has a treble clef and the lower staff has a bass clef. In this case, middle C is between the two staves, and it can be written on the first ledger line below the upper staff or the first ledger line above the lower staff. When playing the piano, the upper staff is normally played with the right hand and the lower staff with the left hand. In music intended for the organ, a grand staff includes three staves, one for each hand and one for the feet. A clef (French for key) is a symbol used in musical notation that assigns notes to lines and spaces on the musical staff. ... A clef (French for key) is a symbol used in musical notation that assigns notes to lines and spaces on the musical staff. ... In music, the term middle C refers to the note C located between the staves of the grand staff, quoted as C4 in note-octave form. ... Figure 1. ... Figure 1. ... A grand piano A piano is a keyboard instrument, widely used in western music for solo performance, chamber music, and accompaniment, and also as a convenient aid to composing and rehearsal. ... The Casavant pipe organ at Notre-Dame de Montréal Basilica, Montreal The organ is one of the oldest musical instruments in the western musical tradition, with a rich history connected with the Christian religion and civic ceremony. ...


Examples

The following is a grand staff (to be played, for example, on a piano). Each staff has seven notes and one rest. The Grand Staff using both bass clef on the bottom and treble clef on top allows for four octaves of notation, counting the two high ledger lines for Soprano C and two ledger lines below bass clef for Deep C. It is known as the grand staff because the two...


A simple grand staff Image File history File links example of a piano staff. ...


Here is an example image with some typical music notation.

Typical music notation. See the image page for an explanation of the symbols.
Typical music notation. See the image page for an explanation of the symbols.

Image File history File links The five horizontal lines running the length of the picture make up the staff. ... Image File history File links The five horizontal lines running the length of the picture make up the staff. ...

Staves with more or less than five lines

The first staves had only four lines, used in neumatic notation for Gregorian chant, starting in the 10th century. Guido d'Arezzo may have invented the staff. Neumes are the basic elements of Western and Eastern systems of musical notation prior to the invention of staff notation. ... Guido of Arezzo or Guido Monaco (995-1050) is regarded as the inventor of modern musical notation (staff notation) that replaced neumatic notation. ...


Lute tablature, prevalent in the 16th century, often used a six-line staff; other notation for guitar and lute also sometimes used six-line staves. Tablature is a form of musical notation which tells the player where to place their fingers on a particular instrument rather than which pitches to play. ... A guitar is a stringed musical instrument. ... The lute is a plucked string instrument with a fretted neck and a deep round back. ...


Music education books for beginners (including Orff Schulwerk) sometimes use as few as one or two lines, not to specify exact pitches but only pitch relationships. The Orff Schulwerk or Orffschulwerk, also called as Orff-method is an approach for music education for children. ...


External links

Musical notation edit
Staff : Clef | Key signature | Time signature | Ledger line | Bar line
Notes : Note value | Dotted note | Accidental | Rest | Tie
Expression marks: Tempo | Dynamics | Articulation | Ornaments | Octaves

  Results from FactBites:
 
Staff (music) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (636 words)
The musical staff can be thought of as a graph of pitch with respect to time; pitches are roughly given by their vertical position on the staff, and notes on the left are played before notes to their right.
Music on the staff is read from left to right: one note to the right of another means that it is to be played later; how much later depends on its note value and the tempo.
Exactly which notes are represented by which staff positions is determined by a clef placed at the beginning of the staff; the clef identifies a particular line as a specific note, and all other notes are determined relative to that line.
Staff (music) - definition of Staff (music) in Encyclopedia (444 words)
In musical notation, the staff or stave is a set of five horizontal lines on which note symbols are placed to indicate pitch and time.
Notes which fall outside the range of the staff are placed on or between leger lines, lines the width of the note they need to hold, added above or below the staff.
The staff alone does not represent any specific notes without a clef, although a clefless staff may be used to represent a set of percussion sounds.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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