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Encyclopedia > Stabat Mater (Szymanowski)

Stabat Mater written by Karol Szymanowski in 1926 is arranged for soprano, alto, baritone, a mixed choir, and orchestra. The work is divided into six parts and uses the Polish translation of the Christian hymn Stabat Mater: Karol Szymanowski Karol Maciej Szymanowski (October 6, 1882 - March 28, 1937) was a Polish-Swedish composer and pianist. ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Look up soprano in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In music, an alto or contralto is a singer with a vocal range somewhere between a tenor and a mezzo-soprano. ... Baritone (French: baryton; German: Bariton; Italian: baritono) is most commonly the type of male voice that lies between bass and tenor. ... A choir or chorus is a musical ensemble of singers. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Mater dolorosa became an iconic type, as in this sixteenth-century Spanish version by Luis de Morales (c. ...

  1. Stała Matka bolejąca.. (Stabat mater dolorosa) for soprano, choir, and orchestra
  2. I któż widział tak cierpiącą.. (Quis est homo qui non fleret) for baritone, choir, and orchestra
  3. O Matko Źródło Wszechmiłości.. (O, Eia, Mater, fons amoris) for soprano, alto, choir, and orchestra
  4. Spraw niech płaczę z Tobą razem.. (Fac me tecum pie flere) for soprano, alto, choir (also a cappella), and orchestra
  5. Panno słodka racz mozołem.. (Virgo virginum praeclara) for baritone, choir, and orchestra
  6. Chrystus niech mi będzie grodem.. (Christe, cum sit hinc exire) for sporano, alto, baritone, choir, and orchestra

The composition is religious, but not strictly liturgical. After a solemn opening, the second part is reminiscent of a funeral procession. In the fourth part, the soloists are accompanied by an a cappella chorus. The fifth part works to build up the dramatic climax of the last part.

Origin and performances

There were a couple of incentives fro Szymanowski to begin writing Stabat Mater. The first was an order from Princess Edmond de Polignac, who as the composer in 1924 to write something for soloists, a choir, and orchestra. Eventually, the Princess backed out of the offer, but Szymanowski began thinking about writing such a work on his own. Later, an entrepreneur from Warsaw named Bronisław Krystal, makes an order for a Requiem for his late wife. Szymanowski, not wanting to follow in the footsteps of Mozart, proposes a Stabat Mater; and on the original score there is a dedication to Izabella Krystal. Finally, the death of his niece, was a final impulse for writing the composition. Winnaretta Singer (8 January 1865-26 November 1943), the Princess Edmond de Polignac, was an important musical patron, lesbian, and heir to the Singer sewing machine wealth. ...

The first performance of Stabat Mater took place January 11, 1929 in Warsaw, conducted by Grzegorz Fitelberg. January 11 is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Warsaw (Polish: , , in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... Grzegorz Fitelberg (b. ...



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