The Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Berlin State Library – Prussian Cultural Heritage)
Founded in 1661
During the World War II the entire holdings (at the time some three million books and other materials)were hidden to safety in 30 monasteries, castles and disused mines.A part of its collections were returned to the original Berlin site on Unter den Linden (East) after 1945, some relocated items were initially brought to West Germany, and stored after the late 1970s in the new building in Potsdamer Straße in Berlin (West). Some items of the collection are still located in Poland and the territories of the former Soviet Union.
From 1992, the reunited Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz provides a service at both its sites in the district of Mitte – Unter den Linden 8 and Potsdamer Straße 33
10 million books
18,300 occidental manuscripts
40,000 oriental manuscripts
66,350 music autographs
1,400 personal archives
450,000 print music editions
960,000 maps and atlases
38,000 subscription periodicals and monographic series
180,000 early newspaper volumes and 400 subscription newspapers
The highest elevations in Berlin are the Teufelsberg in the borough of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf and the Müggelberge in the borough of Treptow-Köpenick.
Berlin is home to Hertha BSC Berlin, a football team in the Bundesliga, and the basketball team ALBA Berlin (also known as the "Berlin Albatrosses"), which won the national championships every year from 1997 to 2003.
Berlin is also home to the American football team Berlin Thunder of NFL Europe as well as the Eisbären Berlin of the German Ice Hockey League, an ice hockey team which was founded in the East German era.
In that year East Berlin was proclaimed the capital of the new German Democratic Republic, and in 1950 West Berlin was established as one of the states of the Federal Republic of Germany (of which Berlin was the de jure capital and Bonn the de facto capital).
Berlin is the national capital of the Federal Republic of Germany and is the seat of the President of Germany, whose official residence is Schloss Bellevue.
Berlin is the sixth-largest urban area in the European Union, and approximately the 80th-largest urban area in the world.
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