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Encyclopedia > St. Stephen, New Brunswick

St. Stephen is a town situated on the east bank of the St. Croix River in Charlotte County in the province of New Brunswick, Canada. The town is located at 45° 11′ 32″ N 67° 16′ 38″ W in the St. Stephen/St. Andrews region of the Fundy Coastal Drive. The river and surrounding area was first explored by the French explorer, Samuel de Champlain when he and his men spent a winter there in 1604. Officially incorporated as a town in 1871, five years later St. Stephen's business district was almost totally destroyed by fire when eighty buildings and 13 wharves burned. The population of St. Stephen was 4,667 in 2001, down 5.9% from 1996. The St. ... Charlotte County(2001 population 27,366) is located in the southwestern portion of New Brunswick, Canada. ... Motto: Spem reduxit (Hope was restored) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Fredericton Largest city Saint John Lieutenant Governor Herménégilde Chiasson Premier Bernard Lord (PC) Area 72,908 km² (8th)  - Land 71,450 km²  - Water 1,458 km² (2. ... Samuel de Champlain by Théophile Hamel (1870) Samuel de Champlain (3 July c. ... Events January 14 – Hampton Court conference with James I of England, the Anglican bishops and representatives of Puritans September 20 - Capture of Ostend by Spanish forces under Ambrosio Spinola after a three year siege. ... 1871 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous...

St. Stephen in 1908
St. Stephen in 1908

The St. Croix River marks a section International Boundary between the United States and Canada, forming a natural border between the towns on its banks. Calais, Maine (pop. 3,447) is divided from St. Stephen by a bridge, the eleventh most important link between the world's two largest trading partners. This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. ... This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. ... Canada and the United States of America share the longest common border among any two countries that is not militarized or actively patrolled. ... Calais is a city in the state of Maine in the United States on the St. ...


Residents of St. Stephen and Calais regard their community as one place, cooperating in their fire departments and other community projects. As evidence of the longtime friendship between the towns, during the War of 1812, the British military provided St. Stephen with a large supply of gunpowder for protection against the enemy Americans in Calais, but the town elders gave the gunpowder to Calais for its July Fourth celebrations. The War of 1812 was a conflict fought in North America between the United States and Great Britain from 1812 to 1815. ...


Historically a lumber and ship building economy until the early part of the 1900's, by the end of World War II the town's main employers were the Ganong Chocolate company (established 1873, it is Canada's oldest candy company) and the second largest textile mill in Canada built in 1882 on the river where it operated with its own hydro-electric generating station. In 1957, the textile mill closed but the confectionery maker remains a key employer. World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons like the atom bomb. ... Ganong Bros. ... 1873 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1882 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


A hotbed of baseball, in 1934 the Boston Braves of the National Baseball League played an exhibition game in St. Stephen against the local "Kiwanis" team. The enthusiastic fans in attendendance numbered more than half of the town's entire population. In 1939, the local baseball team won its ninth consecutive New Brunswick senior championship, topping off a decade of dominance in the sport at both the provincial and Maritime levels. Baseball is a team sport, in which a fist-sized ball is thrown by a defensive player called a pitcher and hit by an offensive player called a batter with a round, smooth stick called a bat. ... The Atlanta Braves are a Major League Baseball team based in Atlanta, Georgia. ... This article refers to the American baseball league. ... The Maritimes or Maritime provinces are a region of Canada on the Atlantic coast, consisting of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island. ...


External Sites

Town of St. Stephen Website

New Brunswick Flag of New Brunswick
Cities: Bathurst | Campbellton | Dieppe | Edmundston | Fredericton | Miramichi | Moncton | Saint John
Notable towns: Beresford | Bouctouche | Caraquet | Dalhousie | Grand Falls | Hampton | Oromocto | Quispamsis | Riverview | Rothesay | Sackville | Shediac | Shippagan | St. Stephen | Sussex | Tracadie | Woodstock
Counties: Albert | Carleton | Charlotte | Gloucester | Kent | Kings | Madawaska | Northumberland | Queens | Restigouche | Saint John | Sunbury | Victoria | Westmorland | York

  Results from FactBites:
 
St. Stephen New Brunswick Real Estate (578 words)
The area grew both economically and culturally and by 1800 St. Stephen was perhaps the most important regional port for shipments of timber and lumber overseas.
Stephen incorporated as a town in 1871, then five years later its business district was almost totally consumed by fire when eighty buildings and thirteen wharves were destroyed.
Stephen is conveniently located with access to major cities in New Brunswick and the New England States.
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/New Brunswick (4643 words)
New Brunswick, named after the German city of Braunschweig (English: Brunswick), is bounded on the north by Quebec's Gaspé Peninsula and Chaleur Bay and on the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and Northumberland Strait.
New Brunswick's relative location away from the Atlantic coastline hindered new settlement during the immediate post war period; although there were some notable exceptions such as the founding of "The Bend" (present day Moncton) in 1766 by Pennsylvania Dutch settlers sponsored by Benjamin Franklin's Philadelphia Land Company.
The situation in New Brunswick was worsened by the Great Fire of 1877 in Saint John and by the decline of the wooden sailing shipbuilding industry.
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