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Encyclopedia > St. Rose of Lima
   
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Saint Rose of Lima
First Saint from the Americas
Born 1617,Lima, Peru
Died August 24, 1668
Feast August 23
Attributes rose, anchor, Infant Jesus
Patronage embroiderers; gardeners; India; Latin America; people ridiculed for their piety; Peru; Philippines; Santa Rosa, California; vanity;

Saint Rose of Lima, (20 April 1586 - 30 August 1617), the first Catholic saint of The Americas, was born in Lima, Peru. Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed I (1603-1617) to Mustafa I (1617-1623). ... This article is about Lima, Peru. ... August 24 is the 236th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (237th in leap years), with 129 days remaining. ... The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organising a liturgical year on the level of days by associating each day with one or more saints, and referring to the day as the saints day of that saint. ... This is the song that never ends yes it gos on and on my friends some people started singing it not knowing what it was they just started singing it forever just becauseThis is the song that never ends yes it gos on and on my friends some... In several forms of the church of Christianity, but especially in Roman Catholicism, a patron saint has special affinity for a trade or group. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... April 20 is the 110th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (111th in leap years). ... 1586 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... August 30 is the 242nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (243rd in leap years), with 123 days remaining. ... Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed I (1603-1617) to Mustafa I (1617-1623). ... The Americas (sometimes referred to as America) is the area including the land mass located between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean, generally divided into North America and South America. ... This article is about Lima, Peru. ...


Biography

St. Rose of Lima was born the 20th of April 1586 in the city of Lima, the capital of Peru. She received from baptisim the name of Isabel Flores de Oliva. She was one of a large family. Her father, Gasper de Flores, was a soldier and her mother, Maria d'Oliva, had inca viens.


At three months old Isabella was in her cradle as her mother and several other women were sitting around it there suddenly appeared in the air a beautiful rose; which gently touched the face of the baby and then vanished; and from that day on Maria called her rose.


St. Rose helped the sick and hungry around her community. She would bring them to her home and take care of them. St. Rose sold her fine needle work, and also grew beautiful flowers and would take them to market to help her family.


Rose began to tell of visions, revelations, visitations and voices as they deplored her penitential practices more than ever.) She took the name of Rose at her confirmation in 1597. She received Holy Communion daily, and was conferred the habit of the third order (i.e. for women) of St. Dominic at the age of 20, donned the habit, and took a vow of perpetual virginity. As a child she was possessed with a deep veneration for every aspect of religion, and spent hours with her attention fixed upon the image of the Madonna and Child. She gave her entire life to prayer and the most extreme self-mortification. The Catholic Encyclopedia observed, "She was scrupulously obedient and of untiring industry, making rapid progress by earnest attention to her parents' instruction, to her studies, and to her domestic work, especially with her needle." The Eucharist or Communion or The Lords Supper, is the rite that Christians perform in fulfillment of Jesus instruction, recorded in the New Testament[1], to do in memory of him what he did at his Last Supper. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Tertiaries. ... Dominic is usually a male human name. ... In Jörg Breu the Youngers painting, the Madonna and Child fix the spectator with a gaze that invites the pious to contemplation and prayer The Madonna and Child is one of the central icons of Christianity. ...


In emulation of St. Catherine she fasted three times a week with secret severe penances, and when she was admired, cut off her hair against the objections of her friends and her family, and the censure of her parents, then disfigured her face with oil of vitriol. St. ... Sulfuric acid (British English: sulphuric acid), H2SO4, is a strong mineral acid. ...


Many hours were spent contemplating the Blessed Sacrament, which she received daily. She determined to take a vow of virginity in opposition to her parents, who wished her to marry. Her Vita emphasizes "her excruciating agony of mind and desolation of spirit, urging her to more frequent mortifications." The Blessed Sacrament is displayed in a procession at the 2005 Southeastern Eucharistic Congress. ...


Daily fasting turned to perpetual abstinence from meat. Her days were filled with acts of charity and industry, her exquisite lace and embroidery helping to support her home, while her nights were devoted to prayer and penance in a little grotto which she had built in which she became a recluse,leaving it only for her visits to the Blessed Sacrament.


In her twentieth year she had so attracted the attention of the Dominican order that she was permitted to enter a Dominican convent in 1602 without payment of the usual dowry. "Thereafter she redoubled the severity and variety of her penances to a heroic degree, wearing constantly a metal spiked crown, concealed by roses, and an iron chain about her waist. Days passed without food, save a draught of gall mixed with bitter herbs. When she could no longer stand, she sought repose on a bed constructed by herself, of broken glass, stone, potsherds, and thorns. She admitted that the thought of lying down on it made her tremble with dread." Laudare, Benedicere, Praedicare Saint Dominic saw the need for a new type of organization to address the needs of his time, one that would bring the dedication and systematic education of the older monastic orders to bear on the religious problems of the burgeoning population of cities, but with more... This page is about the year. ... A dowry (also known as trousseau) is a gift of money or valuables given by the groomss family to that of the bride to permit their marriage. ...


Fourteen years this self-martyrdom continued without relaxation, with intervals of ecstasy (CE) till she died August 25, 1617 at the age of 31. Her funeral was attended by all the public authorities of Lima, and the archbishop pronounced her eulogy in the cathedral, August 26, 1617. August 25 is the 237th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (238th in leap years), with 128 days remaining. ... Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed I (1603-1617) to Mustafa I (1617-1623). ...


Veneration

She was beatified by Pope Clement IX in 1667, and canonized in 1671 by Pope Clement X as the first person in the western hemisphere to be canonized by the Roman Church. Her shrine is at Lima, Peru. The Catholic Church says that many miracles followed her death. All the places named Santa Rosa in the New World pay homage to this saint. Pope Benedict XVI has a special devotion for this Saint. Her liturgical feast was celebrated initially on 30 August, but is currently on 23 August. In Catholicism, beatification (from Latin beatus, blessed, via Greek μακαριος, makarios) is a recognition accorded by the church of a dead persons accession to Heaven and capacity to intercede on behalf of individuals who pray in their name (intercession of saints). ... Clement IX, né Giulio Rospigliosi (January 28, 1600 - December 9, 1669) was pope from 1667 to 1669. ... Canonization is the process of declaring someone a saint and involves proving that a candidate has lived in such a way that he or she qualifies for this. ... Events May 9 - Thomas Blood, disguised as a clergyman, attempts to steal the Crown Jewels from the Tower of London. ... Clement X, né Emilio Bonaventura Altieri (July 13, 1590 – July 22, 1676) was Pope from April 29, 1670 – July 22, 1676. ... The name Catholic Church can mean a visible organization that refers to itself as Catholic, or the invisible Christian Church, viz. ... Santa Rosa, Spanish for Saint Rose, is the name of a number of places: Argentina Santa Rosa, Argentina Santa Rosa Department, Catamarca Santa Rosa Department, Mendoza Brazil Santa Rosa, Rio Grande do Sul Santa Rosa, Goiás Colombia Santa Rosa, Bolívar Santa Rosa, Cauca Santa Rosa de Osos, Antioquia... Pope Benedict XVI (Latin: , born Joseph Alois Ratzinger on April 16, 1927 in Marktl am Inn, Bavaria, Germany) is the 265th[1] and reigning Pope, the head of the Roman Catholic Church, and sovereign of Vatican City State. ... August 30 is the 242nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (243rd in leap years), with 123 days remaining. ... This is the song that never ends yes it gos on and on my friends some people started singing it not knowing what it was they just started singing it forever just becauseThis is the song that never ends yes it gos on and on my friends some...


She is and is the patroness of Peru, The Americas and the Philippines, and the city of Sittard. Saint Rose of Lima's Day on August 30 is a public holiday in Peru. The Americas (sometimes referred to as America) is the area including the land mass located between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean, generally divided into North America and South America. ... Sittard-Geleen is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... This is an incomplete list of public holidays in Peru. ...


Early Lives of Santa Rosa were written by the Dominican Father Hansen, Vita Sanctae Rosae (2 vols., Rome, 1664–1668), and Vicente Orsini, afterward Pope Benedict XIII wrote Concentus Dominicano, Bononiensis ecclesia, in album Sanctorum Ludovici Bertrandi et Rosae de Sancta Maria, ordinero praedicatorum, (Venice, 1674). For Pedro de Luna, the last of the Avignon popes, see Antipope Benedict XIII. Benedict XIII, O.P., born Pietro Francesco Orsini, later Vincenzo Maria Orsini (Gravina di Puglia, February 2, 1649 – February 21, 1730), was pope from 1724 to 1730. ...


She is depicted wearing a metal-spiked crown, concealed by roses, and an iron chain around her waist. ([1]


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