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Encyclopedia > St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin
St. Patrick's Cathedral (exterior)
St. Patrick's Cathedral (exterior)
St. Patrick's Cathedral (interior)
St. Patrick's Cathedral (interior)
State pew of the President of Ireland, still retains a British Standard carving on the front
Floor of the cathedral
Floor of the cathedral

St. Patrick's Cathedral in Dublin, formally known as The National Cathedral and Collegiate Church of Saint Patrick, Dublin or in the Irish language as Árd Eaglais Naomh Pádraig, is the larger of Dublin's two Church of Ireland Cathedrals, and the largest church in Ireland. Unusually it is not the seat of a bishop, as Dublin's Church of Ireland Archbishop has his seat in Christ Church Cathedral, with St. Patrick's being seen as the National Cathedral for the whole island, drawing chapter members from each of the twelve dioceses of the Church of Ireland. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1181x787, 302 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: St. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1181x787, 302 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: St. ... Download high resolution version (533x800, 190 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (533x800, 190 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... picture taken 4pm. ... picture taken 4pm. ... -1... bust of Jonathan Swift - taken by me at 4pm today. ... bust of Jonathan Swift - taken by me at 4pm today. ... Jonathan Swift Jonathan Swift (November 30, 1667 – October 19, 1745) was an Irish cleric, satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer (first for Whigs then for Tories), and poet, famous for works like Gullivers Travels, A Modest Proposal, A Journal to Stella, The Drapiers Letters, The Battle of the Books, and... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 652 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 652 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Spire at night WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Statistics Province: Leinster County: Dáil Éireann: Dublin Central, Dublin North Central, Dublin North East, Dublin North West, Dublin South Central, Dublin South East European Parliament: Dublin Dialling Code: 01, +353 1 Postal District(s): D1-24, D6W Area: 114. ... Percentage of Irish speakers by county of the Republic; the six Northern Ireland counties have been considered as one. ... The Spire at night WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Statistics Province: Leinster County: Dáil Éireann: Dublin Central, Dublin North Central, Dublin North East, Dublin North West, Dublin South Central, Dublin South East European Parliament: Dublin Dialling Code: 01, +353 1 Postal District(s): D1-24, D6W Area: 114. ... The Church of Ireland (Irish: ) is an autonomous province of the Anglican Communion, operating seamlessly across the border between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. ... Primate of Ireland is a title possessed by the Roman Catholic and Church of Ireland (Anglican) Archbishops of Dublin. ... Christ Church Cathedral (The Cathedral of the Most Holy Trinity) in Dublin is the elder of the citys two mediæval cathedrals, having been founded by St Laurence OToole. ... The Church of Irelands diocesan system is based on the 900-year-old system set up by the Synod of Rathbreasail. ...

Contents

History

Medieval

John Comyn, first Anglo-Norman Archbishop of Dublin, elevated one of the four Dublin Celtic parish churches, in this case dedicated to St. Patrick, beside a well of the same name and on an island between two branches of the River Poddle, to the status of a collegiate church, i.e., a church with a body of clergy devoted to both worship and learning. The new collegiate church fell outside the City boundaries, and this move created two territories, one under the Archbishop's temporal jurisdiction. Comyn's charter of 1191 was confirmed by a Papal Bull (Pope Celestine III) in the same year. Over time, a whole complex of buildings arose in the vicinity of the cathedral, including the Palace of the St. Sepelchure (seat of the Archbishop), and the legal jurisdiction was divided between a Liberty controlled by the Dean, around the cathedral, and a larger one belonging to the Archbishop, adjacent. Primate of Ireland is a title possessed by the Roman Catholic and Church of Ireland (Anglican) Archbishops of Dublin. ... The River Poddle rises in Fettercairn, Tallaght, flows through Templeogue and eventually into the Liffey near Wood Quay. ... Papal bull of Pope Urban VIII, 1637, sealed with a leaden bulla. ...


While it is not clear when the church was further raised to the status of cathedral, a unique move in a city with an existing cathedral, it was probably in or after 1191, and Comyn's successor, Henry of London, was elected in 1212 by the chapters of both Christ Church and St Patrick's, this election being recognised by Pope Innocent III. [1]


The basis of the present building, the largest church in Ireland, was built between 1191 and 1270, though little now remains of the earliest work beyond the baptistry. Much of the work was overseen by Henry of London, a friend of the King of England and signatory of the Magna Carta, who was also involved in the construction of Dublin's city walls, and Dublin Castle. Henry of London also created new roles within the Chapter of the Cathedral, and granted the right for the canons of the chapter to elect the Dean, the cathedral's presiding official. Dublin Castle. ...


An order from King Henry III in 1225 allowed the collection of donations from across the island for reconstruction for a period of four years, and the work, in the Early English Gothic style, lasted at least until rededication in 1254. The Lady Chapel was added in 1270, and the tower and west nave were rebuilt between 1362 and 1370, following a fire. From the very earliest years, there were problems with seepage of water, caused by the surrounding branches of the River Poddle - even in the 20th century, it is reported that the water table was within eight feet of the floor. This situation ensure there would never be a crypt or basement area.


From the mid-1300's, for over 500 years, the north transept of the building was used as the parish church of St Nicholas Without (i.e. the part of the Parish of St. Nicholas outside the city proper).


After the Reformation in England (an uneven process between 1536 and 1564), St. Patrick's became an Anglican (Protestant) Cathedral, although most of the population of the surrounding Pale remained Roman Catholic. During the confiscation process, some images within the cathedral were defaced by soldiers under Thomas Cromwell, and neglect led to collapse of the nave in 1544. The Protestant Reformation was a movement which began in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church, but ended in division and the establishment of new institutions, most importantly Lutheranism, Reformed churches, and Anabaptists. ... The Pale or the English Pale comprised a region in a radius of twenty miles around Dublin which the English in Ireland gradually fortified against incursion from Gaels. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ...


Then, in 1547, the Cathedral Grammar School was established in the then vicar's hall, and the deanery was given to the archbishop, following the transfer of the Archbishop's Palace to the Lord Deputy of Ireland.


King Edward VI reduced St Patrick's back to the status of a parish church, and designated part of the building for use as a court house, and then in 1559, ordered that the walls be repainted and inscribed with passages from the scriptures - but in 1555 a charter of the joint monarchs Philip and Mary restored the cathedral's privileges and initiated restoration.


In 1560, Dublin's first public clock was erected in "St. Patrick's Steeple".


1600s

By the early 1600's, the Lady Chapel was said to have been in ruins, and the arch at the east end of the choir was closed off by a lath and plaster partition wall. There was also routine flooding and a series of galleries was added to accommodate large congregations.


During the stay of Oliver Cromwell in Dublin, during his conquest of Ireland the Commonwealth's Lord Protector stabled his horses in the nave of the cathedral. This was intended to demonstrate Cromwell's disrespect for the Anglican religion, which he associated with Roman Catholicism and political Royalism. Oliver Cromwell (25 April 1599 – 3 September 1658) was an English military and political leader best known for his involvement in making England into a republican Commonwealth and for his later role as Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... Combatants English Royalists and Irish Catholic Confederate troops English Parliamentarian New Model Army troops and allied Protestants in Ireland Commanders James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde (1649 - December 1650) Ulick Burke, Earl of Clanricarde (December 1650-April 1653) Oliver Cromwell (1649-May 1650) Henry Ireton (May 1650-November 1651) Charles... Motto: PAX QUÆRITUR BELLO (English: Peace is sought through war) Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital London Language(s) English Government Republic Lord Protector  - 1649-1658 Oliver Cromwell Legislature Rump Parliament Barebones Parliament History  - Declaration of Commonwealth May 19, 1649  - Declaration of Breda April 4, 1660 Area 130,395... Lord Protector is a particular English title for Heads of State, with two meanings (and full styles) at different periods of history. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Prince Rupert of the Rhine Cavaliers was the name used by Parliamentarians for the Royalist supporters of King Charles I during the English Civil War (1642–1651). ...


After the Restoration of the monarchy in 1660, repairs to the building were begun.


In 1666, the Cathedral Chapter offered the Lady Chapel for the use of French-speaking Hugenots who had fled to Ireland, and, after some repair and preparation works, it became known as L'Eglise Française de St. Patrick. A lease was signed on the 23rd December 1665 and was renewed from time to time until the special services ceased in 1816, when the Hugenots had been fully absorbed into the city population.


In 1668 the roof, in danger of collapsing, was taken down, a new roof being completed by 1671. Buttresses were erected and the west window was replaced with a perpendicular window. Then, in the 1680's, the choir was reformed.


In 1688-90, in the reign of the Catholic James II, St. Patrick's was briefly repossessed by Roman Catholics and the King attended Mass services there with his Jacobite supporters during the Williamite war in Ireland. However, the victory of the Protestant Williamites in this war meant that the cathedral was restored to Protestant ownership in 1690 (when James abandoned Dublin after his defeat at the battle of the Boyne. James II of England (also known as James VII of Scotland; 14 October 1633 – 16 September 1701) became King of England, King of Scots, and King of Ireland on 6 February 1685, and Duke of Normandy on 31 December 1660. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Charles Edward Stuart, Bonnie Prince Charlie, wearing the Jacobite blue bonnet Jacobitism was (and, to a very limited extent, remains) the political movement dedicated to the restoration of the Stuart kings to the thrones of England and Scotland. ... For the context of this war see Jacobitism and Glorious Revolution. ... Combatants Jacobite Forces -6000 French troops, 19,000 Irish Catholic troops Williamite Forces -English, Scottish, Dutch, Danish, Huguenot and Ulster Protestant troops Commanders James VII and II William III of England Strength 25,000 36,000 Casualties ~1,500 ~750 William III (William of Orange) King of England, Scotland and...


Dean Swift and the 1700s

Throughout its long history the cathedral has contributed much to Irish life, and one key aspect of this relates to the writer and satirist Jonathan Swift, author of Gulliver's Travels, who was Dean of the cathedral from 1713 to 1745. His grave and epitaph can be seen in the cathedral, along with those of his friend Stella. Swift took a great interest in the building, its services and music and in what would now be called social welfare, funding an almshouse for poor women and St. Patrick's Hospital. Jonathan Swift Jonathan Swift (November 30, 1667 – October 19, 1745) was an Irish cleric, satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer (first for Whigs then for Tories), and poet, famous for works like Gullivers Travels, A Modest Proposal, A Journal to Stella, The Drapiers Letters, The Battle of the Books, and... First Edition of Gullivers Travels Gullivers Travels (1726, amended 1735), officially Vol. ... A dean, in a church context, is a cleric holding certain positions of authority within a religious hierarchy. ... An epitaph ( literally: on the gravestone in ancient Greek) is text honoring the deceased, most commonly inscribed on a tombstone or plaque. ...


The Choir School, which had been founded in 1432, supplied many of its members to take part in the very first performance of Handel's Messiah in 1742. HANDEL was the code-name for the UKs National Attack Warning System in the Cold War. ... Messiah (1741) is an oratorio by George Frideric Handel. ...


In 1769 the cathedral spire was added; it remains one of Dublin's landmarks.


In 1792, divine service was temporarily suspended due to the poor condition of the south wall, then two feet out of perpendicular, and of parts of the roof.


Knights of St. Patrick

From 1783 until 1871 the cathedral served as the Chapel of the Most Illustrious Order of Saint Patrick, members of which were the Knights of St. Patrick. With the dis-establishment of the Church of Ireland in 1871 the installation ceremony moved to St. Patrick's Hall, Dublin Castle. The heraldic banners of the knights of those knights at the time of the move still hang over the choir stalls to this day. The Most Illustrious Order of Saint Patrick is an order of chivalry associated with Ireland. ... St. ... Dublin Castle. ...


The 19th century and restoration

By 1805, the north transept was in ruins and the south transept was in a poor condition; urgent work was carried out to the nave roof, held up by scaffolding.


In 1846, the post of Dean of St. Patrick's was united with that of Dean of Christ Church, a situation which lasted in law until 1872.


An attempt at major restoration began under the direction of Dean Pakenham (Dean, 1843 - 1864), limited by poor economic circumstances. The Lady Chapel was restored, the floor (then raised several feet) reduced to its original level and other urgent matters were at least partly addressed.


In the mid-19th century, a Celtic cross was found buried near the cathedral. This has been preserved and it is thought it may have marked the site of the former holy well.


The major reconstruction, paid for by Benjamin Guinness, in the 1860s, and inspired by the fear that the cathedral was in imminent danger of collapse, means that much of the current building and decoration dates from the Victorian era; medieval chantries were removed among other actions, and few records were kept. Sir Benjamin Lee Guinness, 1st Baronet (November 1, 1798) - (May 19, Irish brewer and philanthropist. ... // The First Transcontinental Railroad in the USA was built in the six year period between 1863 and 1869. ... Queen Victoria (shown here on the morning of her accession to the Throne, 20 June 1837) gave her name to the historic era The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British Industrial Revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ...


Though the rebuilding ensured the survival of the Cathedral, the failure to preserve records of the scale of the rebuild means that little is known as to how much of the current building is genuinely mediæval and how much is Victorian pastiche. Guinness (a brewer) came in for gentle criticism when he donated a stained glass window of 'Rebecca at the well'; its motto read: 'I was thirsty and ye gave me drink'. His statue is outside the south door. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ...


The other great change for the Cathedral occurred in 1871, when, following disestablishment of the Church of Ireland, the newly-independent church in general synod finally resolved the "two cathedral" issue, making Christ Church the sole and undisputed Cathedral of the Dublin Diocese, and St. Patrick's the National Cathedral.


Today - National Cathedral

Today the cathedral is the location for a number of public national ceremonies. Ireland's Remembrance Day ceremonies, hosted by the Royal British Legion and attended by the President of Ireland, take place there every November. Its carol service (the Service of Nine Lessons and Carols), celebrated twice in December, including every 24th December, is a colourful feature of Dublin life, the last medieval pageant in the city. Wreaths of artificial poppies used as a symbol of remembrance Remembrance Day (United Kingdom, Australia, Canada), also known as Poppy Day (South Africa and Malta), and Armistice Day (United States, New Zealand, France, and many other Commonwealth countries; and the original name of the day internationally) is a day to... Categories: Stub | British Army | Royal Air Force | Royal Navy ...


The funerals of two Irish presidents, Dr Douglas Hyde and Erskine Hamilton Childers took place there, in 1949 and 1974 respectively. At President Hyde's funeral, the whole of the Irish government and opposition contingent, bar Noel Browne and Childers, stayed out in the foyer of the church. This was because at the time of the funeral, the Catholic Church forbade its members from entering Protestant churches. Because President Childers died in office, his state funeral was a major state occasion. The attendance included the King Baudouin of the Belgians, the Vice-President of the United States, Spiro T. Agnew (representing President Nixon), Earl Mountbatten of Burma (representing Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom), British Prime Minister Harold Wilson and former prime minister Edward Heath. Douglas Hyde (Irish name Dubhghlas de hÍde) (17 January 1860 - 12 July 1949) was an Irish language scholar who served as the first President of Ireland from 1938 to 1945. ... Erskine Hamilton Childers (Irish: ; 11 December 1905 – 17 November 1974), the son of Robert Erskine Childers (author of The Riddle of the Sands), served as the fourth President of Ireland from 1973 until his death in 1974. ... Dr. Noel Christopher Browne (20 December 1915-21 May 1997) was an Irish politician and doctor. ... The Holy See (Latin: Sancta Sedes, holy seat) is the episcopal see of Rome. ... State funerals in the Republic of Ireland and predecessor states since independence in 1921 have taken place on the following occasions: Former Taoiseach John A. Costello did not receive a state funeral, at the request of his family. ... Baudouin I, King of the Belgians, (Baudouin/Boudewijn Albert Charles Léopold Axel Marie Gustave) (7 September 1930 – 31 July 1993), reigned as King of the Belgians from 1951 to 1993. ... The Vice President of the United States is the second-highest executive official of the United States government, the person who is, in the words of Adlai Stevenson, a heartbeat from the presidency. ... Spiro Theodore Agnew, born Spiro Anagnostopoulos (November 9, 1918–September 17, 1996), was the thirty-ninth Vice President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1973 under President Richard M. Nixon. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... Admiral of the Fleet Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, KG, GCB, OM, GCSI, GCIE, GCVO, DSO, PC (25 June 1900 – 27 August 1979) was a British admiral and statesman and an uncle of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... In the United Kingdom, the Prime Minister is the head of government, exercising many of the executive functions nominally vested in the Sovereign, who is head of state. ... James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, KG, OBE, FRS, PC (11 March 1916 – 24 May 1995) was one of the most prominent British politicians of the 20th century. ... Sir Edward Richard George Heath, KG, OBE (9 July 1916 – 17 July 2005) was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1970 to 1974 and leader of the Conservative Party from 1965 to 1975. ...


In 2006, its national prominence was used by a group of 18 Afghan asylum-seeking refugees, who occupied it for several days before being persuaded to leave without trouble.


Dean and Chapter

The Cathedral is headed by the Dean, and governed by the entire Chapter, whose foundation, and whose members' rights, derive from the charter of 1191, as approved by Pope Celestine in 1192.


The members of the Chapter, which today represents in part the whole Church of Ireland, hold one of four dignities or special offices, or one of 24 prebends (22 regular, 2 ecumenical), as noted below. One prebend is reserved for the Archbishop of Dublin, an unusual arrangement which is only actively used for elections of the Dean.


The offices, prebends and their current holders

  • Dean: from 1220 to 2007, the Dean held the prebend of Clondalkin (a prebend since 1191), and churches at Kilberry, Clonwanwyr (Cloney) and Clonardmacgory (Tullaghgory), all later in the Parish of Kilberry. In 1228, the Church of Tallaght was attached to the Deanery. At July 2007, the Dean is Robert B. MacCarthy.
  • Precentor: the Precentor was given the prebend of a portion of Lusk in 1191, and in 1218, the churches of St. Andrew in Dublin, and Ardree. After several changes, a portion of Lusk was left. At July 2007, the Precentor is the R.C. Reed.
  • Chancellor: from 1218 to 2007, the Chancellor held the prebend of Finglas (from the 1191 charter), and the churches of St. Martin's (Dublin) and Killachegar, though the latter ceased by 1280. By 1280 also, St. Martin's no longer provided revenue but St. Werburgh's replaced it. At July 2007, the Chancellor is W.D. Sinnamon, Rector of Taney.
  • Treasurer: this office originally held the church of Clonkene and the prebend of St. Audoen's (Dublin), as well as the rectory of St. Mary's (near Dublin Castle). Ballymore-Eustace later replaced Clonkene, and part of Lusk, St. Audeon's. Treasurer at July 2007 is Hubert Cecil Mills, Rector of Killiney.
  • Taney: this prebend originated with the 1191 charter, was given to the Archdeacon of Dublin about 1275, and became independent in 1883, when the office of Archdeacon of Dublin ceased to hold a place in the Chapter. At July 2007, the Prebendary of Taney is R. Warren, Rector of Tralee (Ardfert Diocese).
  • Newcastle (County Dublin): this is a prebend since at least 1227, and was held by the Archdeacon of Glendalough from 1467 to 1872, when that Archdeacon ceased to be a member of the Chapter. At July 2007, the Prebendary of Newcastle is I.M. Ellis, Rector of Newcastle (Dromore Diocese).
  • Kilmactalway: this was made a prebend circa 1366, was attached to the office of Precentor for a time, and became independnet in 1467. Prebendary of Kilmactalway at July 2007 is M.S. Ryan, Tuam (Tuam Diocese).
  • Swords: Swords has been a prebend since the original charter of 1191. At July 2007, the Prebendary of Swords is W.G. Neely, Rector of Keady (Armagh Diocese).
  • Yagoe: this has been a prebend since 1191, and was for over 600 years in the patronage of senior Irish aristocrats. The Prebendary of Yagoe at July 2007 is M.C. Kennedy, Rector of Lisnadill & Kildarton (Armagh Diocese).
  • St. Audoen: after over 200 years as an adjunct to the Treasury, this became an independent prebend in 1467. The Prebendary of St. Audeon at July 2007 is J.P. Barry, Rector of Comber (Down Diocese).
  • Clonmethan: Clonmethan has been a prebend since the 1191 foundation. At July 2007, the Prebendary of Clonmethan is J.O. Mann, Rector of Malone (Connor Diocese).
  • Wicklow: attached to the Archdeaconate of Glendalough from the early 1300's to 1467, this has since been independent. Prebendary of Wicklow at July 2007 is K.J. Smyth, Rector of Newtownards (Down Diocese).
  • Tymothan: a manor estate, rather than a church, the was attached to the Archbishopric until 1247, and has since been independent, though until Disestablishment, often vacant. At July 2007, the Prebendary of Tymothan is D. Williams, Rector of Kinsale (Cork Diocese).
  • Mulhuddart: Mulhuddart has a history intertwined with the prebend of Castleknock, the two having been designated from at least 1230. J.M. Catterall, Mostrim (Ardagh Diocese), is Prebdendary of Mulhuddart at July 2007.
  • Castleknock: with a history intertwined with the prebend of Mulhuddart, this has been designated since at least 1230. At July 2007, the Prebendary of Castleknock is J.N. Battye, Rector of Cregagh (Down Diocese).
  • Tipper: this has been a prebend since at least 1227. Prebendary of Tipper at July 2007 is R.S.J. Bourke, Rector of Kingscourt (Meath Diocese).
  • Tassagard: this has been a prebend since at least 1227. The Prebendary of Tassagard at July 2007 is L.D.A. Forrest, Dean of Ferns Cathedral (Ferns Diocese).
  • Dunlavin: this has been a prebend since no later than 1227. At July 2007, the Prebendary of Dunlavin is A.H.N. McKinley, Rector of Whitechurch (Dublin Diocese).
  • Maynooth: a prebend since 1248, the right of presentation was long held by a lay person. Prebendary of Maynooth at July 2007 is V.G Stacey, Rector of Dun Laoghaire (Dublin Diocese).
  • Howth: Howth was one of the founding prebends, and the Archbishop's removed the prebendal church from Ireland's Eye to Howth village. The Prebendary of Howth at July 2007 is W.P. Quill, Rector of Derg & Termonamongan (Derry Diocese).
  • Rathmichael: this has been a prebend since 1227 at latest. At July 2007, Prebendary of Rathmichael is T.R. Williams, Rector of Holy Trinity and St. Silas with Immanuel (Connor Diocese).
  • Monmohenock: originally part of the "Economy Estate" which supported cathedral operations, this became a lay-appointed prebend but was a regular prebend by circa 1227. The Prebendary of Monmohenock is P.H. Lawrence, Rector of Julianstown and Archdeacon of Meath (Meath Diocese).
  • Tipperkevin: Tipperkevin actually comprised two prebendaries from the early 1300's to circa 1600, lying in the remote parts of County Dublin later separate from the main county, between Kildare and Wicklow. At July 2007, the Prebendary of Tipperkevin is J.W. Crawford, Vicar of the St. Patrick's Cathedral Group of Parishes (Dublin Diocese).
  • Donaghmore: this was a prebend from at least 1267. The Prebendary of Donaghmore at July 2007 is R.T. Gillian, Rector of Aghalurcher (Clogher Diocese).
  • Stagonil: named as a prebend in the Papal Bull of Celestine III, this does not seem to have functioned independently until 1303. The Prebendary of Stagonil at July 2007 is W. Beare, Dean of Lismore Cathedral (Lismore Diocese).
  • Cualaun: after the indepdence of the Prebend of Tymothan, and following a gap, from 1317, this prebend without a church provided a seat for the Archbishop of Dublin at the Chapter, used only at the election of a Dean. The Prebendary of Cualan at July 2007 is therefore J.R. Neill.
  • Clondalkin: transferred from the Dean in 2007, as one of two newly-authorised posts of Ecumenical Canon, this is now held by the Roman Catholic cleric and academic, Enda McDonagh.
  • Finglas: transferred from the Chancellor in 2007, as one of two newly-authorised posts of Ecumenical Canon, this is now held by the Methodist Minister, Kenneth Newell.

Sailboats seen from Irelands Eye, with Howth Head in the background Martello tower on Irelands Eye Irelands Eye is a small uninhabited island off the coast of County Dublin, Ireland, situated directly north of Howth Harbour. ...

Ecumenical Canons

As noted above, in late June and early July 2007, St. Patrick's appointed two ecumenical canons, one Presbyterian and one Roman Catholic, who can be invited by the dean to say Morning or Evening Prayer in the cathedral, read Holy Scripture and assist at baptisms, marriages, funerals or celebration of Holy Communion.


Friends of St. Patrick's

The Cathedral is supported by a volunteer organisation, with both subscribing (annual and five-year) and Life members, who perform various tasks and contribute materially to the work and fabric of the Cathedral. In addition, there are a range of voluntary groups performing specific tasks, such as bell-ringing, welcoming of guests and cleaning.


Access

The cathedral, which generally receives no State funding, welcomes all, with a chapel for those who come simply to pray and a small fee for those who wish to sight-see. There are a range of publications and other items in a gift shop.


Points of Note

Legend has it that Saint Patrick's was the origin of the expression "[1]chancing your arm" (meaning to take a risk), when Gerald, Earl of Kildare cut a hole in a door there, still to be seen, and thrust his arm through it, in an effort to call a truce with another Earl, James of Ormond, in 1492.


Cathedral Group of Parishes

As part of a reorganisation of city-based parishes (many with long histories), several were attached to each of the Dublin cathedrals. The St. Patrick's Cathedral Group of Parishes has one other operational church, St. Catherine and St. James, Donore Avenue (formerly St. Victor's), which is the working centre of the parish.


See also

Several people have served as deans of St. ...

External link

  • St. Patrick's Cathedral website

Coordinates: 53°20′22″N, 6°16′17″W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

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