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Encyclopedia > St. Michael's Episcopal Church

Established in 1703, St. Michael's Church in downtown Trenton, NJ, is the founding parish of the Episcopal Diocese of New Jersey whose building, constructed in its present location on North Warren from 1747-1748 and renovated in 1810 and 1847-48 is listed on the Register of Historic Places in NJ and whose congregation, an incorporated mission of the Episcopal Diocese of New Jersey has involved itself in the history and culture of the city of Trenton, the state of New Jersey, the United States and the world from its founding in 1703 through the year 2007. Location of Trenton inside of Mercer County Coordinates: Country United States State New Jersey County Mercer County Founded circa 1719 Government  - Mayor Douglas H. Palmer Area  - City  8. ... The Episcopal Diocese of New Jersey forms part of Province II of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America. ... List of Registered Historic Places in New Jersey: Capt. ... The arms of the Episcopal Church are based on the St Georges Cross, a symbol of England (mother of world Anglicanism), with a saltire reminiscent of the Cross of St Andrew in the canton in reference to the historical origins of the American episcopate in the Scottish Episcopal Church. ... The Episcopal Diocese of New Jersey forms part of Province II of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America. ... Location of Trenton inside of Mercer County Coordinates: Country United States State New Jersey County Mercer County Founded circa 1719 Government  - Mayor Douglas H. Palmer Area  - City  8. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ...

Contents

A History of the Parish

The Colonial Period

St. Michael's was organized as a parish in 1703 in Hopewell Township, NJ. A Church of England building was erected on "Breese Farm" in 1704. In 1708 the parish was gifted with articles from Queen Anne of Great Britain. These articles now reside in the New Jersey State Museum. Events February 2 - Earthquake in Aquila, Italy February 4 - In Japan, the 47 samurai commit seppuku (ritual suicide) February 14 - Earthquake in Norcia, Italy April 21 - Company of Quenching of Fire (ie. ... Hopewell Township highlighted in Mercer County. ... The Church of England is the officially established Christian church[1] in England, and acts as the mother and senior branch of the worldwide Anglican Communion, as well as a founding member of the Porvoo Communion. ... Events Building of the Students Monument in Aiud, Romania. ... // Events March 23 - James Francis Edward Stuart lands at the Firth of Forth July 1 - Tewoflos becomes Emperor of Ethiopia September 28 - Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya Kandahar conquered by Mir Wais In Masuria one third of the population die during the plague J... Anne (6 February 1665 – 1 August 1714) followed Englands only joint monarchy to become Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland on 8 March 1702 after the passing of both William and Mary. ...


The Revolutionary War

The main sanctuary of St. Michael's Church was built 1747-1748 at its present location on North Warren St. Trenton, NJ. The building was extensively renovated in 1810. The distinctive turrets facing Warren Street remain from the 1810 renovation, but the bell tower is no longer standing. Year 1747 (MDCCXLVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Events April 24 - A congress assembles at Aix-la-Chapelle with the intent to conclude the struggle known as the War of Austrian Succession - at October 18 - The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle is signed to end the war Adam Smith begins to deliver public lectures in Edinburgh Building of... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


In 1776, during the American Revolutionary War the building was closed and the congregation disbanded due to the evenly split Revolutionary / Loyalist sympathies of the congregation. The building was subsequently used as a hospital and the churchyard a burial ground for Hessian soldiers fighting to retain British control of the American Colonies. Year 1776 (MDCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Combatants American Patriots France Spanish Empire Dutch Republic Oneida and Tuscarora tribes Polish volunteers Prussian volunteers Kingdom of Great Britain Iroquois Confederacy Hessian mercenaries Loyalists Commanders George Washington Nathanael Greene Gilbert de La Fayette Comte de Rochambeau Bernardo de Gálvez Tadeusz Kościuszko Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben King George... The term Hessian refers to the inhabitants of the German state of Hesse. ...


During the 2005 and 2006 Patriot's Week re-enactments of the Battle of Trenton, Continental Army re-enactors passed by the Warren Street entrance to the sanctuary, but spared the delicate, plaster walls the insult of a legendary cannon blast. Combatants Continental Army a Hessian Brigade Commanders George Washington Johann Rall† Strength 2,400 1,400 Casualties 2 dead,On the march 4 wounded 23 dead, 92 wounded, 913 captured This article is about the Battle of Trenton which took place on December 26, 1776 For the Battle of Trenton... Illustration depicting uniforms and weapons used during the 1779 to 1783 period of the American Revolution by showing four soldiers standing in an informal group General George Washington, was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army on June 15, 1775. ...


Trinity Cathedral in Trenton (which currently serves as the seat of the Bishop of the Diocese of New Jersey) was itself founded by a delegation of parishioners from St. Michael's Church. The cathedra of the Pope in the apse of St. ... The Episcopal Diocese of New Jersey forms part of Province II of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America. ...


The 1800's

In 1801, St. Michael's was host to the first General Convention of the Episcopal Church and the site where the delegates ratified the 39 Articles which created an American Episcopal Church which was part of the Anglican Communion, yet not subject to oaths of loyalty to the British crown. The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ...


The 20th Century and beyond

Notable in more recent history is the voluntary racial integration of St. Michael's in 1955 through merger with the African congregation of St. Monica's Parish, occasioned by the Episcopal Church Women of their respective congregations. Through the end of the millennium at least St. Michael's parish has remained integrated with respect to race, national origin and language.


In 1973 St. Michael's became an incorporated mission of the Episcopal Diocese of New Jersey. The Episcopal Diocese of New Jersey forms part of Province II of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America. ...


In 2006 St. Michael's Church was awarded a $50,000 grant for an architectural feasibility study due to the history of the building and grounds.


The Sanctuary and Grounds

The Hopewell Sanctuary

In 1704 the Church of England building was erected on "Breese Farm" (later the site of the New Jersey State Hospital in an area which became Ewing Township, NJ, in 1834). The Church of England is the officially established Christian church[1] in England, and acts as the mother and senior branch of the worldwide Anglican Communion, as well as a founding member of the Porvoo Communion. ... Ewing Township highlighted in Mercer County. ... Year 1834 (MDCCCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


The North Warren Sanctuary (1748-)

Architectural Significance

The principal sanctuary of St. Michael's was renovated to resemble Lambeth Palace with two turrets and a bell tower. The bell tower of St. Michael's is no longer standing, but the turrets and towers remain. Lambeth Palaces gatehouse. ...


The Stained Glass Windows

Image:Hartebj-smctiffany1.jpg
One of the Tiffany windows in the main sanctuary of St. Michael's Church

Inside the main sanctuary are two Tiffany stained-glass windows. Tiffany (TIF-ah-nee) is a female given name of Greek origin meaning manifestation of God. ...

The Churchyards and their Notables

The churchyards of St. Michael's contain the graves of persons notable for their contributions to the history of the United States. “American history” redirects here. ...


The Hopewell Churchyard

Mary Trent, wife of William Trent, founder of Trenton was buried in the Hopewell Graveyard. William Trent was born in Western Pennsylvania. ... Location of Trenton inside of Mercer County Coordinates: Country United States State New Jersey County Mercer County Founded circa 1719 Government  - Mayor Douglas H. Palmer Area  - City  8. ...


The North Warren (Trenton) Churchyard

In the churchyard of St. Michael's on North Warren Street, Trenton, NJ, a large, granite slab with prominent Masonic insignia marks the grave of David Brearley, a New Jersey delegate to the 1787 Philadelphia Constitutional Convention, signer of the U.S. Constitution and first New Jersey Supreme Court Chief Justice. The niece of Napoleon Bonaparte (daughter of Joseph Bonaparte, exiled to nearby Bordentown, New Jersey) also rests in the churchyard. American Square & Compasses Freemasonry is a worldwide fraternal organization. ... David Brearley David Brearley (often misspelled Brearly) (June 11, 1745–August 16, 1790) was a delegate to the U.S. Constitutional Convention and signed the U.S. Constitution on behalf of New Jersey. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... Year 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Scene at the Signing of the Constitution of the United States, by Howard Chandler Christy. ... Page I of the Constitution of the United States of America Page II of the United States Constitution Page III of the United States Constitution Page IV of the United States Constitution The Syng inkstand, with which the Constitution was signed The Constitution of the United States is the supreme... The New Jersey Supreme Court is the highest court in the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... Bonaparte as general Napoleon Bonaparte ( 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution and was the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from November 11, 1799 to May 18, 1804, then as Emperor of the French (Empereur des... Joseph Bonaparte Joseph Napoleon Bonaparte, King of Naples, King of Spain (January 7, 1768 – July 28, 1844) was the older brother of French Emperor Napoleon I, who made him King of Naples and Sicily (1806–1808) and later King of Spain. ... See also: Bordentown Township, New Jersey The City of Bordentown highlighted in Burlington County. ...


External Links and References

Monographs of Interest

The primary source for much of St. Michael's history is the work of Hamilton Schuyler. A History of St. Michael's Church Trenton: In the Diocese of New Jersey from the year of our Lord 1703 to 1926: Told from the Minutes of the Vestry and other original sources, together with Biographical Sketches of Bishops, Rectors, and Men prominent in the Vestry and the Parish. Also Transcriptions from the Parish Register of Baptisms, Marriages and Burials; from the earliest entries down to 1855. Fully illustrated. Authorized for publication by the Vestry. Princeton University Press, Princeton. 1926. Of a printing of 500 copies, the church is fortunate as of 2007 to have at least two copies.


Other sources which reference St. Michael's Church, Trenton, include:


William White's A sermon delivered before the general convention of the Protestant Episcopal church in the United States of America: In St. Michael's Church, Trenton, ... the Right Reverend Bishop Moore of New-York.


Samuel Starr's 1850 A word of self-defence: Read by the rector, at a full meeting of the wardens and vestrymen of St. Michael's Church, Trenton, New Jersey, and published with their unanimous approval, September 1850


Trenton (Images of America (Arcadia Publishing)) by Cathleen Crown and Carol Rogers (Paperback - April 1, 2000)


History of St. Michael's, 1700-1925 (Unknown Binding)


Websites of Interest

The official website of the Episcopal Church, USA
The official website of the Episcopal Diocese of New Jersey
The official website of the St. Michael's Church, Trenton, NJ
[Find a grave: St. Michael's Episcopal Church]


 
 

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