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Encyclopedia > St. Mary's Cathedral, Hildesheim
Hildesheim Cathedral, view from the northwest
Hildesheim Cathedral, view from the northwest

St. Mary's Cathedral (Dom St. Maria) in Hildesheim, Germany, is an important medieval cathedral, that is in the list of the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage since 1985. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 457 KB) Description: Hildesheim, Dom (Cathedral), North tower, nave Photographer: Longbow4u, photo taken myself, 02. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 457 KB) Description: Hildesheim, Dom (Cathedral), North tower, nave Photographer: Longbow4u, photo taken myself, 02. ...   Hildesheim? is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... A cathedral is a Christian church building, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy (such as the Roman Catholic Church or the Lutheran or Anglican churches), which serves as the central church of a bishopric. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain range, lake, desert, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated for the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee. ...


The cathedral church was built between 1010 and 1020 in Romanesque style. It follows a symmetrical plan with two apses, that is characteristic of Ottonic Romanesque architecture in Old Saxony. After renovations and extensions in the 11th, 12th and 14th centuries, the cathedral was completely destroyed during an air raid in 1945, and rebuilt from 1950 to 1960. Romanesque St. ... The Duchy of Saxony was a medieval Duchy covering the greater part of Northern Germany. ...

Western side
Western side

The cathedral is famous for its many works of art. These include: ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 452 KB) Description: Hildesheim, Dom (Cathedral), South tower Photographer: Longbow4u, photo taken myself, 02. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 452 KB) Description: Hildesheim, Dom (Cathedral), South tower Photographer: Longbow4u, photo taken myself, 02. ...

  • The bronze doors, commissioned by Bishop Bernward (1015), with reliefs from the history of Adam and of Jesus Christ.
  • A bronze column 15 ft. high (dating from 1020), adorned with reliefs from the life of Christ.
  • Two large wheel-shaped candelabra of the 11th century.
  • The sarcophagus of St Godehard.
  • St. Epiphanius’ Shrine (12th century).
  • A Baptismal Font, dating from 1225.

In the middle of the cathedral's courtyard stands the Gothic Anne's chapel (Annenkapelle), erected in 1321. Also, climbing the wall of the cathedral's apse is the legendary 1000-year-old rosebush, which symbolizes the prosperity of the city of Hildesheim. According to the legend, as long as the bush flourishes, Hildesheim will not decline. In 1945, allied bombers destroyed the Dom, yet remarkably, the bush survived. Its roots remained unscathed beneath the rubble, and soon the bush was growing strong again. Saint Epiphanius (330-402) was one of the Fathers of the Greek Church; of Jewish descent; flourished in the 4th century; led a monastic life, and founded a monastery in Eleutheropolis; was bishop of Constantia in 367; he became notorious for his ecclesiastical zeal, and for his indictments of Origen...


The Cathedral Museum owns one of the most extensive collections of medieval treasures in Europe.


External Links

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Wikimedia Commons has more media related to:
Cathedral of Hildesheim
  • More information about St. Mry's Cathedral (Hornemann Institut)
  • Pictures (Raymond Faure's Website)
  • Homepage of the Cathedral Museum (in German)
Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

 
 

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