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Encyclopedia > St. Machar's Cathedral

St. Machar's Cathedral (or, more formally, the Cathedral Church of St. Machar) is a Church of Scotland church in Aberdeen, Scotland. It is located to the north of the city centre, in the former burgh of Old Aberdeen. Technically, St Machar's is no longer a cathedral but rather a high kirk, as it has not been the seat of a bishop since the Reformation. The current minister is the Reverend Dr Alan D. Falconer, who previously worked with the Secretariat of the World Council of Churches in Geneva. The Church of Scotland (CofS, known informally as The Kirk) is the national church of Scotland. ... A church building (or simply church) is a building used in Christian worship. ... This article is about the Scottish city. ... Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within Europe Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... A sign in Linlithgow, Scotland. ... The town Old Aberdeen was erected into a burgh of barony on 26 December 1489, and incorporated into Aberdeen by Act of Parliament in 1891. ... A cathedral is a Christian church building, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy, such as the Anglican, Catholic and some Lutheran churches, which serves as the central church of a diocese, and thus as a bishops seat. ... Kirk can mean church in general or The Church of Scotland in particular. ... A bishop is an ordained member of the Christian clergy who, in certain Christian churches, holds a position of authority. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which began in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church, but ended in division and the establishment of new institutions, most importantly Lutheranism, Reformed churches, and Anabaptists. ... The World Council of Churches (WCC) is the principal international Christian ecumenical organization. ... Geneva (pronunciation //; French: Genève //, German: //, Italian: Ginevra) is the second most populous city in Switzerland, and is the most populous city of Romandy (the French-speaking part of Switzerland). ...

St. Machar was a companion of St. Columba on his journey to Iona. A fourteenth-century legend tells how God (or St. Columba) told Machar to establish a church where a river bends into the shape of a bishop's crosier before flowing into the sea. The River Don bends in this way just below where the Cathedral now stands. A separate article is titled Columba (constellation). ... Iona village viewed from a short distance offshore. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... Crosiere of arcbishop Heinrich of Finstingen, 1260-1286 A crosier (crozier, pastoral staff) is the stylized staff of office carried by high-ranking Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Anglican and some Lutheran prelates. ... The article is about the Don River in Scotland. ...

The Cathedral is a fine example of a fortified kirk, with twin towers built in the fashion of fourteenth-century tower houses. Their walls have the strength to hold spiral staircases to the upper floors and battlements.

Bishops Gavin Dunbar and Alexander Galloway built the western towers and installed the heraldic ceiling, featuring 48 coats of arms in three rows of sixteen. Among those shown are: A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ...

  • Pope Leo X's coat of arms in the centre, followed in order of importance by those of the Scottish archbishops and bishops.
  • the Prior of St. Andrews, representing other Church orders.
  • King's College, the westernmost shield.
  • Henry VIII of England, James V of Scotland and multiple instances for the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, who was also King of Spain, Aragon, Navarre and Sicily at the time the ceiling was created.
  • St. Margaret of Scotland
  • the arms of Aberdeen and of the families Gordon, Lindsay, Hay and Keith.

The ceiling is set off by a frieze which starts at the north-west corner of the nave and lists the bishops of the see from Nechtan in 1131 to William Gordon at the Reformation in 1560. This is followed by the Scottish monarchs from Malcolm II to Mary, Queen of Scots. Leo X, born Giovanni di Lorenzo de Medici (Florence, 11 December 1475 – 1 December 1521, Rome), Pope from 1513 to his death, is known primarily for his failure to stem the Protestant Reformation, which began during his reign when Martin Luther (1483–1546) first accused the Roman Catholic Church of... The University of Aberdeen is one of the ancient universities of Scotland. ... Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England and Lord of Ireland (later King of Ireland) from 22 April 1509 until his death. ... James V (April 10, 1512 – December 14, 1542) was king of Scotland (September 9, 1513 – December 14, 1542). ... The Holy Roman Emperor was, with some variation, the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, the predecessor of modern Germany, during its existence from the 10th century until its collapse in 1806. ... Charles (February 24, 1500 – September 21, 1558) was Holy Roman Emperor (as Charles V) from 1519-1558; he was also King of Spain from 1516_1556, officially as Charles I of Spain, although often referred to as Charles V (Carlos Quinto or Carlos V) in Spain and Latin America. ... Capital Zaragoza Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47 719 km²  9,4% Population  â€“ Total (2005)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 11th  1 269 027  2,9%  26,59/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  Aragonese  aragonés Statute of Autonomy August 16, 1982 ISO 3166-2 AR Parliamentary representation  â€“ Congress seats  â€“ Senate... Navarre (Spanish Navarra, Basque Nafarroa) is an autonomous community in Spain. ... Sicilian redirects here. ... Saint Margaret of Scotland (circa 1045 - 1093), Edgar Athelings sister, married King Malcolm Canmore. ... Image File history File links Aberdeen-coa. ... A see (from the Latin word sedem, meaning seat) is the throne (cathedra) of a bishop. ... Malcolm II of Scotland (Máel Coluim mac Cináeda) (c. ... Mary I of Scotland, and Queen Consort of France; better known as Mary, Queen of Scots Mary, Queen of Scots redirects here. ...

[Cathedral facade:[1]]

[Cathedral view from cemetery:[2]]

[Cathedral during a service:[3]]

See also

The Church of Scotland, the national church of Scotland, divides the country into presbyteries, which are subdivided into parishes, each served by a parish church usually with its own minister. ... The University of Aberdeen is one of the ancient universities of Scotland. ...

External link

  • St Machar's Cathedral website



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