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Encyclopedia > St. Louis County, Missouri
Saint Louis County, Missouri
Map

Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the USA highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1812
Seat Clayton
Largest City Chesterfield
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

524 sq mi (1,357 km²)
508 sq mi (1,316 km²)
16 sq mi (41 km²), 3.03%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

1,016,315
2,002/sq mi (773/km²)
Website: www.co.st-louis.mo.us

St. Louis County county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. According to the 2000 census, the population was 1,016,315, making the county the most populous in the state of Missouri. This county is notable for its 400+ private-street associations. Its county seat is Clayton6. St. Louis County is part of the St. Louis Metro Area and borders the City of St. Louis, which is independent from St. Louis County. Image File history File links St_Louis_County_mo_seal. ... Image File history File links Map_of_Missouri_highlighting_Saint_Louis_County. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Image File history File links Map_of_USA_MO.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Missouri ... For the overture by Tchaikovsky, see 1812 Overture; For the wars, see War of 1812 (USA - United Kingdom) or Patriotic War of 1812 (France - Russia) For the Siberia Airlines plane crashed over the Black Sea on October 4, 2001, see Siberia Airlines Flight 1812 1812 was a leap year starting... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Clayton is the county seat of St. ... Chesterfield is an affluent suburb in western St. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Some of the developments that real estate developers build are common interest developments, a category that includes planned–unit developments of single–family houses, condominiums, and cooperative apartments. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Clayton is the county seat of St. ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... The St. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ...

Contents

Origin of name

The county was organized in 1812 and was originally a Spanish colonial district, named for Saint Louis, King of France. In 1876, City of St. Louis separated itself from the county, creating an independent city. For the overture by Tchaikovsky, see 1812 Overture; For the wars, see War of 1812 (USA - United Kingdom) or Patriotic War of 1812 (France - Russia) For the Siberia Airlines plane crashed over the Black Sea on October 4, 2001, see Siberia Airlines Flight 1812 1812 was a leap year starting... Louis IX (25 April 1215 – 25 August 1270), commonly Saint Louis, was King of France from 1226 to his death. ... Year 1876 Pick up Sticks(MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ... An independent city is a city that does not form part of another general-purpose local government entity. ...


Law and government

St. Louis County was the first Missouri County to adopt a home-rule charter under the Missouri constitution, in 1950. The current St. Louis County Charter was adopted by the voters on November 6, 1979. It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ...


Executive power of the county is vested in the county executive, which is a full-time salaried position. The current county executive is Charlie Dooley, who was re-elected November 7, 2006. The county executive's term is 4 years; he is elected by the general population of the county. Under the doctrine of the separation of powers, the executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law. ... A County Executive is the title assigned to a person hired to run the day to day operations of a county. ... Charlie A. Dooley is an American politician. ...


Ordinances are passed by a county council. The council is made up of 7 members, each from a separate district within the county. Council member terms are 4 years, beginning on January 1 following the election. Elections are held in even-numbered years, with terms for even- and odd-numbered districts staggered.


Crime and Safety

When compared to other large urban counties, St. Louis County’s crime rate per 100,000 residents is among the lowest in the nation. For example, there were just 30 homicides reported in 2003 out of a population of over 1 million people. There has been a 25% decrease in crime since 1991, and St. Louis County is now at its lowest level of crime since 1973.


Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,356 km² (524 sq mi). 1,315 km² (508 sq mi) of it is land and 41 km² (16 sq mi) of it (3.03%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


St. Louis Metro Area

The St. Louis Metro Area is the largest in population of Missouri's 114 Counties, plus one Independent City: St. Louis County, Jefferson County, Warren County, St. Charles, Washington, Franklin, Lincoln and St. Louis City. plus 8 counties in Illinois: Clinton, Bond, Macoupin, Calhoun, Madison, Monroe, St. Clair, and Jersey. Jefferson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri, and included the mean center of U.S. population in 1980. ... Warren County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... St. ... Washington County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. ... Franklin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. ... Lincoln County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Clinton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois, and determined by the U.S. Census Bureau to include the mean center of U.S. population in 1960. ... Bond County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Macoupin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... Calhoun County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... Monroe County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... St. ...


Natural boundaries

The Missouri River forms the northern border with Saint Charles County, exclusive of a few areas where the river has changed its course. The Meramec River forms most of its southern border with Jefferson County. To the east is the City of Saint Louis and the Mississippi River. The western boundary with Franklin County is the north-south line where the distance between the Meramec and Missouri Rivers is the shortest, bisecting the City of Pacific roughly 2 blocks east of Hwy OO/F (First street). The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ... St. ... The Meramec River Looking North from Route 66 State Park Canoers enjoy a float trip on the Meramec below Leasburg The Meramec River is the longest free-flowing waterway in Missouri -- it wanders some 350 kilometers (220 miles) through six Missouri Ozark Highland counties: Dent, Phelps, Crawford, Franklin, Jefferson, and... Jefferson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri, and included the mean center of U.S. population in 1980. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... Franklin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. ...


Topography

The Ozark Mountains begin in western Saint Louis County, with most of the rest of the county being a fairly level plateau. This western part of the county is the least developed, due to rugged topography. Bluffs along the Mississippi in the south of the county rise about 200-300 feet above the river. A major floodplain area is the Chesterfield Valley, in the western part of the county, along the Missouri River, formerly called "Gumbo Flats" after its rich, dark soil; it was submerged by at least ten feet of water during the Great Flood of 1993, but recent development there is protected by a higher levee. The Columbia Bottom is a floodplain in the northeast of the county at the confluence of the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers; this is a conservation area open to the public. The Missouri Bottom area between the two other floodplains is largely agricultural, but is being increasingly developed. The River des Peres drains the interior of county before flowing underground into the City of St. Louis. Other streams include Coldwater Creek, Bonhomme Creek, and Creve Coeur Creek, flowing into the Missouri River; Keifer Creek and Grand Glaize Creek, flowing into the Meramec River; Gravois Creek, flowing into the River des Peres; and Maline Creek, flowing into the Mississippi River. “Ozark” redirects here. ... Chesterfield is an affluent suburb in western St. ... The Great Flood of 1993 was a major flood that occurred in the American Midwest, along the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers, and their tributaries, from April to October of 1993. ... Confluence of Rhine and Mosel at Koblenz In geography, a confluence describes the point where two rivers meet and become one, usually when a tributary joins a more major river. ... The new River des Peres in Forest Park. ... The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ... The Meramec River Looking North from Route 66 State Park Canoers enjoy a float trip on the Meramec below Leasburg The Meramec River is the longest free-flowing waterway in Missouri -- it wanders some 350 kilometers (220 miles) through six Missouri Ozark Highland counties: Dent, Phelps, Crawford, Franklin, Jefferson, and... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ...


Geology

The bedrock is mainly limestone and dolomite, and much of the county near the rivers is Karst terrain, with numerous caves, sinkholes, and springs. No igneous or metamorphic rock is exposed on the surface. A major outcropping of the St. Peter Sandstone formation, a fine white sandstone used for making clear glass, is mined in the southwest corner of the county in Pacific. Brick clay mining was once a major industry in the county. The Charbonier Bluff along the Missouri River is an outcropping of coal, and was used a fueling station for steamboats. The "St. Louis Anticline", an underground formation, has small petroleum deposits in north part of the county. For other uses, see Limestone (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Dolomite (disambiguation). ... Karst topography occurs when a landscape is marked by underground drainage patterns. ... Igneous rocks are formed when molten rock (magma) cools and solidifies, with or without crystallization, either below the surface as intrusive (plutonic) rocks or on the surface as extrusive (volcanic) rocks. ... The term Metamorphic can be associated with a number of meanings:- Metamorphic rock The term for rocks that have been transformed by extreme heat and pressure. ... Old mine entrances in the St. ... Pacific is a city in Franklin County and St. ... Paddle steamers - Lucerne-Switzerland Left: original paddlewheel from a paddle steamer on the lake of Lucerne. ...


Flora and fauna

Before European settlement, the area was prairie and open parklike forest, maintained by Native Americans via burning. Trees are mainly oak, maple, and hickory, similar to the forests of the Ozarks; common understory trees include Eastern Redbud, Serviceberry, and Flowering Dogwood. Riparian areas are heavily forested with mainly American sycamore. By the 1920s most of the timber in the county was harvested; since that time, large parks and undeveloped areas in the western and southern parts of the county have grown dense forest cover. Old pastures are usually colonized with Eastern red cedar. Most of the residential area of the county is planted with large native shade trees. In Autumn, the changing color of the trees is notable. Saint Louis County has the most recorded native species of plants in the state, but this is probably due to the intensive botanical research done in the area. Most species here are typical of the Eastern Woodland; but some southern species are found in swampland, and typical northern species survive in sheltered hollows. Invasive species, most notably Japanese Honeysuckle, are common in some homesteads converted to parks; these are actively removed. This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus (from Latin oak tree), and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... For other uses, see Maple (disambiguation). ... Species See text Comparison of Carya nuts Ripe hickory nuts ready to fall, Andrews, SC Hickory is a tree of the genus Carya, including 17-19 species of deciduous trees with pinnately compound leaves and large nuts. ... “Ozark” redirects here. ... Binomial name Cercis canadensis Eastern Redbud (Cercis canadensis) is a large shrub or small tree in the pea family Fabaceae, native to eastern North America from southern Ontario, Canada south to northern Florida, United States. ... Species About 25; see text The Serviceberry (Amelanchier), also known as shadbush, sarvisberry, juneberry, saskatoon, shadblow, shadwood, sugarplum, wild-plum, and amélanchier, is a genus of about 20 species of small deciduous trees and large shrubs in Rosaceae (the rose family). ... Binomial name Cornus florida L. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida or Benthamidia florida) is a showy small tree native to eastern and southeastern North America. ... A riparian zone schematic from the Everglades. ... Binomial name L. The American sycamore (Platanus occidentalis), also known as American plane, Occidental plane, and Buttonwood, is one of the species of Platanus native to North America. ... The 1920s is sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ... Binomial name Juniperus virginiana L. Juniperus virginiana is a widespread North American species of juniper, known as Eastern Juniper or Eastern Redcedar (though it is unrelated to the cedars); the Lakota Native American name is Chansha, redwood or Hante. It is found from southeastern Canada to the Gulf of Mexico... This article is about the temperate season. ... Fljótsdalur in East Iceland, a rather flat valley In geology, a valley (also called a vale or dale) is a depression with predominant extent in one direction. ... Binomial name Thunb. ...


Large mammals include growing populations of whitetail deer and coyotes, which are becoming increasingly urbanized. Eastern Gray Squirrel, Cottontail rabbit, and other rodents are abundant, as well as Opossum, Beaver, Muskrat, Raccoon, and Skunk. Large bird species include Wild Turkey, Canada goose, Mallard duck, various raptors like the Turkey Vulture and Red-tailed Hawk, as well as shorebirds, including the Great Egret and Great Blue Heron. Winter populations of Bald Eagles are found by the Mississippi River around the Chain of Rocks Bridge. The county is on the Mississippi Flyway, used by migrating birds, and has a large variety of small bird species, common to the eastern U.S. The Eurasian Tree Sparrow, an introduced species, is limited in North American to the counties surrounding Saint Louis. Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals (class Mammalia) are warm-blooded, vertebrate animals characterized by the presence of sweat glands, including those that produce milk, and by the presence of: hair, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex... ... For other uses, see Coyote (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Gmelin, 1788 The Eastern Gray Squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) is a tree squirrel that is native to the eastern to midwestern United States and the eastern provinces of Canada. ... Type species Lepus sylvaticus Bachman, 1837 (=Lepus sylvaticus floridanus J. Allen, 1890) Species 16, see text The cottontail rabbits are the 16 lagomorph species in the genus Sylvilagus, found in the Americas. ... Genera Several; see text Opossum fur is quite soft. ... Species C. canadensis C. fiber Beavers are semi-aquatic rodents native to North America and Europe. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1766) Muskrat range (native range in red, introduced range in green) Muskrat Tucker hole, middle Patuxent River marsh, Maryland The Muskrat or Musquash (Ondatra zibethicus), the only species in genus Ondatra, is a large aquatic rodent native to North America, and introduced in parts of Europe. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Common Raccoon native range in red, feral range in blue. ... Polecat redirects here. ... Binomial name Meleagris gallopavo Linnaeus, 1758 For other uses, see Wild Turkey (disambiguation). ... For the Canadian outerwear manufacturer Canada Goose see Canada Goose (clothing) Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Canada Goose distribution, including native (dark tones) and introduced (light tones) populations Canada Goose summer: yellow Canada Goose all year: green Canada Goose winter: blue Cackling Goose summer: pink Subspecies Dusky Canada Goose Vancouver Canada... This article is about the Mallard duck. ... Orders Accipitriformes     Cathartidae     Pandionidae     Accipitridae     Sagittariidae Falconiformes     Falconidae A bird of prey or raptor is a bird that hunts its food, especially one that preys on mammals or other birds. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura) is the most common vulture in the Americas. ... Binomial name (Gmelin, 1788) The Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis) is a medium-sized bird of prey, one of three species colloquially known in the United States as the chickenhawk. ... Families Charadridae Jacanidae Rostratulidae Ibidorhynchidae Recurvirostridae Haematopodidae Scolopacidae Dromadidae Burhinidae Glareolidae Thinocoridae Waders, called Shorebirds in North America (where wader is used to refer to long-legged wading birds such as storks and herons), are members of the order Charadriiformes, excluding the more marine web-footed seabird groups. ... Binomial name Synonyms Casmerodius albus Egretta alba The Great Egret Ardea alba, also known as the Great White Egret, White Heron, or Common Egret, is a wading egret, found in most of the tropical and Breeding plumage in flight at Hodal in Faridabad District of Haryana, India. ... Binomial name Ardea herodias Linnaeus, 1758 The Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias, is a wading bird of the heron family Ardeidae, common all over North and Central America as well as the West Indies and the Galápagos, except in deserts and high mountains where there is no water for... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1766) Bald Eagle range  Resident, breeding Summer visitor, breeding Winter visitor On migration only Star: accidental records Subspecies (Linnaeus, 1766) Southern Bald Eagle (Audubon, 1827) Northern Bald Eagle Synonyms Falco leucocephalus Linnaeus, 1766 The Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) is a bird of prey found in North America... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... The Chain of Rocks Bridge is a 5,350 feet long bridge spanning the Mississippi River on the north edge of St. ... The Mississippi Flyway is a bird migration route that generally follows the Mississippi River in the United States and Mackenzie River in Canada. ... Binomial name Passer montanus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Tree Sparrow, Passer montanus, is spread over most of Europe and Siberia, and allied forms occur in other parts of Asia. ...


Frogs are commonly found in the springtime, especially after extensive wet periods. Common species include American toad and species of chorus frogs, commonly called "spring peepers" that are found in nearly every pond. Some years have outbreaks of cicadas or ladybugs. Mosquitos and houseflies are common insect nuisances; because of this, windows are nearly universally fitted with screens, and "screened-in" porches are common in homes of the area. Populations of honeybees have sharply declined in recent years, and numerous species of pollinator insects have filled their ecological niche. Binomial name Bufo americanus (Holbrook, 1836) Habitat range of B. americanus The American toad (Bufo americanus) is a common species of toad found throughout the eastern United States and Canada. ... Binomial nomenclature Pseudacris crucifer Wied-Neuwied (1838) The spring peeper, also known as the hyla and Pseudacris crucifer, is a small tree frog widespread throughout the eastern USA. The spring peeper is a small frog, attaining an adult size between 0. ... Genera Many. ... Subfamilies Chilocorinae Coccidulinae Coccinellinae Epilachninae Scymininae Sticholotidinae etc. ... This article is about the insect; for the WWII aircraft see De Havilland Mosquito. ... Binomial name Musca domestica The housefly (Musca domestica Linnaeus) is the most common fly occurring in homes and indeed one of the most widely distributed animals and the most familiar of all flies; it is a pest that can facilitate serious diseases. ... Orders Subclass Apterygota Archaeognatha (bristletails) Thysanura (silverfish) Subclass Pterygota Infraclass Paleoptera (Probably paraphyletic) Ephemeroptera (mayflies) Odonata (dragonflies and damselflies) Infraclass Neoptera Superorder Exopterygota Grylloblattodea (ice-crawlers) Mantophasmatodea (gladiators) Plecoptera (stoneflies) Embioptera (webspinners) Zoraptera (angel insects) Dermaptera (earwigs) Orthoptera (grasshoppers, etc) Phasmatodea (stick insects) Blattodea (cockroaches) Isoptera (termites) Mantodea (mantids) Psocoptera... A “window screen,” “insect screen,” or “fly screen” is a metal wire, fiberglass, or other synthetic fiber mesh, stretched in a frame of wood or metal, designed to cover the opening of an open window. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Subspecies North-west of Europe South-west of Europe Middle East Africa Synonyms Apis mellifica Linnaeus, 1761 The Western honey bee or European honey bee (Apis mellifera) is a species of honey bee. ... Carpenter bee with pollen collected from Night-blooming cereus Pollination is an important step in the reproduction of seed plants: the transfer of pollen grains (male gametes) to the plant carpel, the structure that contains the ovule (female gamete). ...


Climate

Saint Louis County has a continental climate, and has neither large mountains nor large bodies of water to moderate its temperature. The area is affected by both cold Canadian arctic air, and also hot, humid air from the Gulf of Mexico. The county has four distinct seasons. The average annual temperature for the years 1971-2000, recorded at Lambert–St. Louis International Airport, is 56.3 °F (13.5 °C), and average precipitation is 36 inches (914 mm). The average high temperature in July is 88.4 °F (32 °C), and the average low temperature in January is 22.6 °F (−6 °C), although these values are often exceeded. Temperatures of 0 °F or below occur 3 days per year on average.[1] The highest temperature ever recorded in Saint Louis was 115 °F (46 °C), in 1954, while the lowest temperature on record is −23 °F (−31 °C), in 1873[2] Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Winter is the driest season, averaging about 6 inches of total precipitation. Springtime (March through May), is typically the wettest season, with just under 10.5 inches. Dry spells of one or two weeks duration are common during the growing seasons.


Thunderstorms can be expected on 40 to 50 days per year. A few of them will be severe with locally destructive winds and large hail, and occasionally accompanied by tornadoes.[1] A period of unseasonably warm weather late in Autumn known as Indian summer is common – roses will still be in bloom as late as November or early December in some years. A thunderstorm, also called an electrical storm or lightning storm, is a form of weather characterized by the presence of lightning and its attendant thunder produced from a cumulonimbus cloud. ... This article is about the precipitation. ... For other uses of Tornado, see Tornado (disambiguation). ... This article is about the temperate season. ... An Indian summer day Indian summer is a name given to a period of sunny, warm weather in autumn, not long before winter. ... For other uses, see Rose (disambiguation). ...


Other geography

The largest natural lake in the state is Creve Coeur Lake, and is a county park.


Manchester Road (Route 100) follows an ancient path westward out of Saint Louis, following the boundary between the Missouri and Meramec watersheds, and is the only way to leave the area without crossing rivers. Named Manchester Road through St. ... The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ... The Meramec River Looking North from Route 66 State Park Canoers enjoy a float trip on the Meramec below Leasburg The Meramec River is the longest free-flowing waterway in Missouri -- it wanders some 350 kilometers (220 miles) through six Missouri Ozark Highland counties: Dent, Phelps, Crawford, Franklin, Jefferson, and...


The Sinks is a karst area near Florissant, with numerous sinkholes. Karst topography occurs when a landscape is marked by underground drainage patterns. ... Florissant is a city in St. ... Devils Hole near Hawthorne, Florida, USA. A sinkhole, also known as a sink, shake hole, swallow hole, swallet, doline or cenote, is a natural depression or hole in the surface topography caused by the removal of soil or bedrock, often both, by water. ...


Adjacent counties

St. ... Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ... St. ... Monroe County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Jefferson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri, and included the mean center of U.S. population in 1980. ... Franklin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. ...

Major highways

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 44 Interstate 44 (abbreviated I-44) is an interstate highway in the central United States. ... Interstate 55 (abbreviated I-55) is an interstate highway in the central United States. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 64 Interstate 64 (abbreviated I-64) is an Interstate Highway in the eastern United States. ... Interstate 70 (abbreviated I-70) is a long interstate highway in the United States that runs from Interstate 15 about a mile from Cove Fort, Utah to a Park and Ride in Baltimore, Maryland. ... Interstate 170 (abbreviated I-170) is the designation for an interstate route in the St. ... Interstate 255 (abbreviated I-255) is a bypass route of Interstate 55 near St. ... This lead needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... U.S. Route 40 is an east-west United States highway. ... U.S. Route 50 is a major east-west route of the U.S. Highway system, stretching just over 3000 miles (4800 km) from West Sacramento, California east to Ocean City, Maryland on the Atlantic Ocean. ... The Dubuque-Wisconsin Bridge, Dubuque, Iowa. ... Route 66 redirects here. ... U.S. Route 67 extends from the highways northern terminus in Sabula, Iowa at the intersection with U.S. Route 52 to its southern terminus in Presidio, Texas, at the Rio Grande - the United States–Mexico border. ... Route 21 is a highway in eastern Missouri. ... Route 30 is a highway in eastern Missouri. ... Named Manchester Road through St. ... Route 115 is a highway in the St. ... Route 141 is a highway located in the western St. ... Route 180 is a highway in the St. ... Route 231 is a highway in the St. ... Route 267 is a short highway in the St. ... Route 364, known locally as the Page Avenue Extension, is a freeway that connects Saint Louis County with Saint Charles County via the Veterans Memorial Bridge over the Missouri River. ... Route 366 is a highway located completely within the St. ... Route 367 is a seven-mile long roadway in the metropolitan St. ... Route 370 is a freeway that connects Saint Louis County with Saint Charles County via the Discovery Bridge over the Missouri River. ...

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 1,016,315 people, 404,312 households, and 270,889 families residing in the county. The population density was 773/km² (2,001/sq mi). There were 423,749 housing units at an average density of 322/km² (834/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 70.83% White, 24.02% African American, 0.17% Native American, 2.22% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 1.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.01% of the population. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 404,312 households out of which 31.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.00% were married couples living together, 12.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.00% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.05. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the county the population was spread out with 25.20% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 90.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.70 males.


The median income for a household in the county was $50,532, and the median income for a family was $61,680. Males had a median income of $45,714 versus $30,278 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,595. About 5.00% of families and 6.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.30% of those under age 18 and 5.30% of those age 65 or over. St. Louis County is the most affluent county in the state of Missouri. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Employment

St. Louis County's rapid job growth in the past two decades has brought the County's share of the State of Missouri's jobs to 23 percent: nearly one-quarter of all of the jobs in the State are located in St. Louis County.


Population and residents

St. Louis County is often divided by its residents into North, West and South sections.


West County

Much of West County is inhabited by professionals and old wealth, creating the largest area of high-income residents in the Midwest with the exception of Chicago's North Shore and Oakland County, Michigan. These communities include Clarkson Valley, Creve Coeur, Des Peres, Frontenac, Huntleigh, Ladue, Town and Country, and Wildwood. Chesterfield, with about 47,000 residents, is the largest city in St. Louis County. West County is home to three major shopping centers: Chesterfield Mall, Westfield West County, and Plaza Frontenac, which is occupied mainly by luxury retailers. Local school districts include the Parkway School District, Rockwood School District, and Ladue School District, along with numerous private schools. Leisure spots in West County include Bellerive Country Club, Westwood Country Club of St. Louis, and Faust Park, which is home to the Sachs Butterfly House. North Shore refers to more than one geographic area: North Shore, New Zealand, a city in the Auckland conurbation, New Zealand North Shore (Sydney), a suburban region of Sydney, Australia North Shore (Victoria), a suburb of Geelong, Australia North Shore (Lake Superior), the area of Minnesota, USA and Ontario, Canada... Oakland County is a county located in the state of Michigan. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Clarkson Valley is a city located in St. ... Creve Coeur, derived from French for broken heart (Crève Cœur), is an affluent suburb in western St. ... Des Peres (French: Des Pères) is an affluent suburb in St. ... Frontenac is an affluent suburb in western St. ... Huntleigh is a high income and affluent suburb in West St. ... Ladue is a city in west St. ... Town and Country is an affluent suburb in western St. ... Wildwood is an affluent exurb St. ... Chesterfield is an affluent suburb in western St. ... Plaza Frontenac is an upscale shopping mall in the Frontenac area of metropolitan St. ... Parkway School District is in St. ... Rockwood School District is in St. ... The Ladue School District is a public school district in Ladue, Missouri, with four elementary, one middle, and one high school. ... Bellerive Country Club is a golf country club located in Creve Coeur, Missouri, right outside of St. ... The Westwood Country Club of St. ...


North County

North County is home to Boeing's Integrated Defense Systems unit, Lambert St. Louis International Airport and Ameren. Its population is the most diverse of the three areas with about half of its residents claiming African American heritage. North County has become a haven for middle income blacks leaving north St. Louis City. Public transportation has been beneficial to North County and was the first area of Metro St. Louis served by the metropolitan rail system, MetroLink. North County boasts three major malls including Westfield Shoppingtown Northwest, formerly Northwest Plaza, Jamestown Mall, and St. Louis Mills, in Hazelwood. Cities of North County include Florissant, Hazelwood, Maryland Heights. North Saint Louis County is not only diverse in racial makeup but also by socioeconomic means. While mostly middle income residents reside here, there are some upper income communities such as Black Jack. There are several upper income black and mixed raced villeges located in the Natural Bridge Corridor east of Interstate 170 including Glen Echo Park, Bellerive, Bel-Ridge, Bel-Nor, and Pasadena Hills, second to Olympia Fields, Illinois as the most affluent majority black community north of the Mason-Dixon line. Yet, some of the inner ring suburbs increasingly show signs of instability and white flight, notably, Kinloch and Wellston, where four times as many people live in poverty than in St. Louis city. The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA) is a leading American aircraft and aerospace manufacturer, headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, with its largest production facilities near Seattle, Washington. ... Boeing Integrated Defense Systems (Boeing IDS), based in St. ... Lambert-St. ... Ameren Corporation NYSE: AEE is a holding company for several power companies and energy companies. ... MetroLink is a light rail transit system in the Greater St. ... Northwest Plaza is an enclosed shopping mall located in St. ... St. ... Florissant is a city in St. ... Hazelwood is a northern suburb in St. ... Maryland Heights is a city in St. ... Black Jack is a city located in St. ... Glen Echo Park is a village in St. ... Bellerive is a village located in St. ... Bel-Ridge is a village located in St. ... Bel-Nor is a village located in St. ... Pasadena Hills is a city located in St. ... Olympia Fields is a village located in Cook County, Illinois. ... For the fictional character, see Mason Dixon (Rocky Balboa character). ... Kinloch is a city located in St. ... Wellston is a city located in St. ...


South County

While largely populated, much of South County is unincorporated. It is the most homogeneous area within St. Louis county and major communities include Fenton, Lemay, Mehlville, Oakville, Affton, and Sunset Hills. The start of the Ozark mountains and Ozark plateau begin in South St. Louis county and neighborhing Jefferson County. Many communities have an abundance of gently rolling hills. South County is the most politically conservative section of St. Louis county, with the South County chamber of Congress reporting nearly 70% of its residents who voted voted for George W. Bush over John Kerry in 2004. A census-designated place (CDP) is an area identified by the United States Census Bureau for statistical reporting. ... Look up Homogeneous in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Fenton or F-town is a city in St. ... Lemay is a City located in St. ... Mehlville is a census-designated place located in St. ... Oakville is a census-designated place (CDP) in St. ... Affton is an unincorporated census-designated place located in St. ... Sunset Hills is a city located in St. ... Jefferson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri, and included the mean center of U.S. population in 1980. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts, in his fourth term of office. ...


Cities and towns

For a listing by population, see: St. Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area.

St. Louis County has 91 municipalities and 9 unincorporated census-designated places: The St. ... A census-designated place (CDP) is an area identified by the United States Census Bureau for statistical reporting. ...

† unincorporated
‡ Times Beach was disincorporated in 1985, Peerless Park was disincorporated in 1999, Carsonville disincorporated

Maps of the municipalities and CDPs are available here. Affton is an unincorporated census-designated place located in St. ... Eureka is a city located in St. ... Ballwin is a city located in St. ... Bella Villa is a city located in St. ... Bellefontaine Neighbors is a city located in St. ... Bellerive is a village located in St. ... Bel-Nor is a village located in St. ... Bel-Ridge is a village located in St. ... Berkeley is a city located in St. ... Beverly Hills is a city located in St. ... Black Jack is a city located in St. ... Breckenridge Hills is a city located in St. ... Brentwood is a city in St. ... Bridgeton is a northwest suburb of St. ... Calverton Park is a village located in St. ... Carsonville is an unincorporated place in St. ... Castle Point is a census-designated place located in St. ... Champ is a village located in St. ... Charlack is a city located in St. ... Chesterfield is an affluent suburb in western St. ... Clarkson Valley is a city located in St. ... Clayton is the county seat of St. ... Concord is a census-designated place located in St. ... Cool Valley is a city located in St. ... Country Club Hills is a city located in St. ... Country Life Acres is a village located in St. ... Crestwood is a city located in St. ... Creve Coeur, derived from French for broken heart (Crève Cœur), is an affluent suburb in western St. ... Crystal Lake Park is a city located in St. ... Dellwood is a city located in St. ... Des Peres (French: Des Pères) is an affluent suburb in St. ... Edmundson is a city located in St. ... Ellisville is a city in St. ... Eureka is a city located in St. ... Fenton or F-town is a city in St. ... Ferguson is a city located in St. ... Flordell Hills is a city located in St. ... Florissant is a city in St. ... Frontenac is an affluent suburb in western St. ... Glasgow Village is a census-designated place located in St. ... Glencoe is a village in western St. ... Glendale is a city located in St. ... Glen Echo Park is a village in St. ... Grantwood Village is a town located in St. ... Greendale is a city located in St. ... Green Park is a city located in St. ... Grover is an unincorporated community in western St. ... Hanley Hills is a village located in St. ... Hazelwood is a northern suburb in St. ... Hillsdale is a village located in St. ... Huntleigh is a high income and affluent suburb in West St. ... Jennings is a city in St. ... Kinloch is a city located in St. ... Kirkwood is a city in St. ... Ladue is a city in west St. ... Lakeshire is a city located in St. ... Lemay is a City located in St. ... Mackenzie is a village located in St. ... Manchester is a city located in St. ... Maplewood is a city in St. ... Marlborough is a village located in St. ... Maryland Heights is a city in St. ... Mehlville is a census-designated place located in St. ... Moline Acres is a city located in St. ... Normandy is a city located in St. ... Northwoods is a city located in St. ... Norwood Court is a town located in St. ... Oakland is a city located in St. ... Oakville is a census-designated place (CDP) in St. ... Olivette is a city located in St. ... Overland is a city in St. ... Pacific is a city in Franklin County and St. ... Pagedale is a city located in St. ... Pasadena Hills is a city located in St. ... Pasadena Park is a village located in St. ... Peerless Park, Missouri is a former, disincorporated town located at the junction of Interstate 44 and Missouri State Highway 141 in St. ... Pine Lawn is a city located in St. ... Richmond Heights is a city in St. ... Riverview is a village located in St. ... Rock Hill is a city located in St. ... Sappington is an unincorporated census-designated place located in St. ... Sherman is an unincorporated community in western St. ... Shrewsbury is a city located in St. ... Spanish Lake is a census-designated place (CDP) in St. ... St. ... St. ... St. ... Sunset Hills is a city located in St. ... Sycamore Hills is a village located in St. ... Times Beach, Missouri was a small town of 2,240 residents in St. ... Town and Country is an affluent suburb in western St. ... Twin Oaks is a village located in St. ... University City is a city located in St. ... Uplands Park is a village located in St. ... Valley Park is a city located in St. ... Velda City is a city located in St. ... Velda Village Hills is a village located in St. ... Vinita Park is a city located in St. ... Vinita Terrace is a village located in St. ... Warson Woods is a city located in St. ... Webster Groves is a city in St. ... Wellston is a city located in St. ... Westwood is a village located in St. ... Wilbur Park is a village located in St. ... Wildwood is an affluent exurb St. ... Winchester is a city located in St. ... Woodson Terrace is a city located in St. ... This article is about the year. ... This article is about the year. ...


Education

Unified school districts

  • Affton
  • Bayless
  • Brentwood
  • Clayton
  • Ferguson-Florissant
  • Hancock Place
  • Hazelwood
  • Kirkwood
  • Ladue
  • Lindbergh
  • Maplewood-Richmond Heights
  • Mehlville
  • Normandy
  • Parkway
  • Pattonville
  • Ritenour
  • Riverview
  • Rockwood
  • Special School District
  • University City
  • Valley Park
  • Webster Groves
  • Wellston

School District of Clayton includes all of Clayton and portions of Richmond Heights, St. ... Hazelwood School District logo Map of Hazelwood School District Hazelwood School District is a school district covering a large portion of north St. ... A high-achieving high school located in Ladue, Missouri, in St. ... Parkway School District is in St. ... Rockwood School District is in St. ...

High schools

In addition to its public high schools, St. Louis has an abundance of private and parochial schools, including the largest number of Catholic affiliated secondary institutions in the continental U.S.[citation needed] This is partly due to St. Louis's status as an archdiocese and historically Catholic city. Most of the prestigious private schools reside in West St. Louis County, one of the wealthiest areas in the region. // This is a list of high schools in the state of Missouri. ... A parish is a type of administrative subdivision. ... Pope Pius XI blesses Bishop Stephen Alencastre as fifth Apostolic Vicar of the Hawaiian Islands in a Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace window. ...


County Parks

Affton White-Rodgers Community Center -- Albrecht -- Bee Tree -- Bella Fontaine -- Bissell House -- Black Forest -- Bohrer -- Bon Oak -- Buder (North and South of Interstate 44) -- Castlepoint -- Champ -- Cliff Cave -- Clydesdale -- Creve Coeur -- Endicott -- Faust -- Fort Bellefontaine -- Fort Bellefontaine West -- George Winter -- Greensfelder -- Jefferson Barracks -- Kennedy -- King -- Kinloch -- Larimore -- Laumeier Sculpture Park -- Lemay -- Lone Elk -- Love -- Lower Meramec River -- Mathilda-Welmering -- McDonnell -- Museum of Transportation -- Ohlendorf -- Ohlendorf West -- Queeny -- Robert Winter -- Simpson -- Sioux Passage -- Spanish Lake -- St. Vincent -- Suson -- Sylvan Springs -- Tilles -- Unger -- Veteran's Memorial -- West Tyson -- Widman Albert of Mecklenburg or Albrekt av Mecklenburg (appr. ... A map of Germany, showing the Black Forest in red. ... Champ can refer to: An Irish dish of mashed potatoes and scallions (spring onions) The logo of the Vermont Lake Monsters minor league baseball team Champ (legend), a reputed lake monster living in Lake Champlain A shortened form of the word champion A variety of Erdinger wheat beer. ... Clydesdale (Dail Chluaidh in Scottish Gaelic) was formerly (1975-96) a local government district in the Strathclyde Region of Scotland. ... Creve Coeur is either: Creve Coeur, Illinois, United States Creve Coeur, Missouri, United States This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Endicott is the name of some places in the United States of America: Endicott, New York Endicott, Washington Endicott, Nebraska Endicott is also part of the name of: John Endicott (c. ... For other uses, see Faust (disambiguation). ... Dr. George D. Winter (1927-1981) was the British-born pioneer of moist wound healing. ... Jefferson Barracks Military Post was open in 1826 to replace Fort Bellefontaine 1806-1826. ... Kennedy may refer to: People with the surname Kennedy: Kennedy (surname) People with the given name Kennedy: Kennedy Bakircioglü, a Swedish footballer Kennedy Otieno, a Kenyan cricketeer Kennedy Winston, a U.S. basketball player People identified only as Kennedy: Lisa Kennedy Montgomery, a political satirist and former MTV VJ Kennedy... Look up king in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Kinloch can refer to: Simon Kinloch, student Bruce Kinloch, author Francis Kinloch, South Carolina delegate to Continental Congress General Sir David Alexander Kinloch Jonathan Kinloch, member of the Detroit Board of Education Kinloch, Missouri Kinloch Castle, Isle of Rùm, Scotland Kinloch, New Zealand Category: ... Larimore is a city in Grand Forks County, North Dakota in the United States. ... The Laumeier Sculpture Park is a 98 acre outdoor sculpture park within the St. ... Lemay can refer to: // LeMay Enterprise, Tacoma, Washington based company Curtis LeMay, United States Air Force General Dorothy LeMay, American adult actress Harding Lemay, American teleplay writer and playwright Harold LeMay, American collector John D. LeMay, American actor Luc Lemay, Canadian singer and guitarist Lynda Lemay, Canadian francophone singer Marc... For other uses, see Love (disambiguation). ... The McDonnell Aircraft Corporation was an American aerospace manufacturer, based near St. ... Template:St. ... Robert Winter (b. ... // Simpson may refer to: Locations Simpson, Illinois Simpson, Kansas Simpson, Louisiana Simpson, North Carolina The Simpson desert, Australia People whose surname is or was Simpson Alan Simpson, British scriptwriter, part of the Galton and Simpson team Albert B. Simpson, Canadian-American evangelist and founder of the Christian and Missionary Alliance... Spanish Lake is a census-designated place located in St. ... Saint Vincent may refer to: Saint Vincent (island) Saint Vincent and the Grenadines São Vicente Saint Vincent de Paul Saint Vincent Ferrer Saint Vincent of Lerins Saint Vincent of Saragossa Saint Vincent Pallotti Saint-Vincent, a municipality of the Valle dAosta, in Italy St. ... Sylvan Springs is a town located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Craig Unger Deborah Kara Unger Franz Unger (1800 - 1870), see German article Felix Unger, main character in The Odd Couple Georg Christian Unger (1743 - 1812), German architect. ...


Undeveloped County Parks

Bright-Fowler -- Castlewood -- Fairmont -- Forrest Staley -- Grasso -- Linear Parks South -- Long Log Cabin -- Lower Meramec River -- MSD Union Road -- Packwood -- St. Stanislaus -- Winding Trails


Municipal Fire Departments

Berkeley -- Brentwood -- Clayton -- Crestwood -- Des Peres -- Ferguson -- Frontenac -- Glendale -- Hazelwood -- Jennings -- Kirkwood -- Ladue -- Maplewood -- Olivette -- Pacific -- Richmond Heights -- Rock Hill -- Shrewsbury -- University City -- Webster Groves


Fire Protection Districts

Affton -- Black Jack -- Community -- Creve Coeur -- Eureka -- Fenton -- Florissant Valley -- Kinloch -- Lemay -- Maryland Heights -- Mehlville -- Metro West -- Mid-County -- Moline -- Monarch -- Normandy -- Pattonville -- Riverview -- Robertson -- Spanish Lake -- Valley Park -- West County EMS -- West Overland


References

  1. ^ 2001 ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI (STL). Weather Explained, Volume 4. 2006. Last accessed December 4, 2006.
  2. ^ Welcome to the Top 10. NOAA's National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office. Last accessed December 4, 2006.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is a scientific agency of the United States Department of Commerce focused on the conditions of the oceans and the atmosphere. ... The National Weather Service (NWS) is one of the six scientific agencies that make up the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) of the United States government. ...

External links

Coordinates: 38°38′N 90°26′W / 38.64, -90.44 Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


 
 

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