FACTOID # 29: 73.3% of America's gross operating surplus in motion picture and sound recording industries comes from California.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > St. Louis, Missouri
City of St. Louis
Skyline of City of St. Louis
Flag of City of St. Louis
Flag

Seal
Nickname: , Gateway to the West,[1] Mound City
Location in the state of Missouri
Location in the state of Missouri
Coordinates: 38°37′38″N 90°11′52″W / 38.62722, -90.19778
Country United States
State Missouri
County Independent City
Government
 - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D)
Area
 - City 66.2 sq mi (171.3 km²)
 - Land 61.9 sq mi (160.4 km²)
 - Water 4.2 sq mi (11.0 km²)
Elevation 455 ft (138.7 m)
Population [2]
 - City 353,837
 - Density 5,716.3/sq mi (2,207.1/km²)
 - Metro 2,803,707
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 314
Website: http://stlouis.missouri.org

St. Louis (English /seɪnt ˈluːɪs/, French Image:ltspkr.png/sɛ̃ lwi/) is an independent city[3] in the U.S. state of Missouri. It is bordered by the Mississippi River on the east and by St. Louis County on the north, south, and west. St. Louis is the largest metropolitan area in Missouri. Sometimes written as Saint Louis, the city is named for King Louis IX of France. St. Louis is famous for its multiple French and German influences as well as having a Victorian past. Two events at the beginning of the 20th century, the 1904 World's Fair and 1904 Olympic Games (the first ever held in the United States) are of particular pride to St. Louisans. In the 21st century, St. Louis has transformed from a manufacturing and industrial economy into a globally known focus for research in medicine, biotechnology, and other sciences. The name Saint Louis has several referents: Catholic Saints King Saint Louis IX of France; Saint Louis, bishop of Toulouse in France Locations Saint Louis, Missouri St. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_St. ... Flag of St. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... // A nickname is a name of an entity or thing that is not its proper name. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Missouri has 114 counties and one independent city. ... An independent city is a city that does not form part of another general-purpose local government entity. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Francis G. Slay (born March 18, 1955 in St. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... The area code 314 serves the city of Saint Louis, Missouri, and most suburbs located in Saint Louis County, Missouri. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The purpose of this page is to lay out our policies for handling sounds, and give people some useful information for handling sound files. ... An independent city is a city that does not form part of another general-purpose local government entity. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... St. ... Louis IX (25 April 1215 – 25 August 1270), commonly Saint Louis, was King of France from 1226 to his death. ... The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British Industrial Revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... Entrance to Creation Exhibit on the Pike Map of the St. ... The 1904 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the III Olympiad, were held in St. ... Manufacturing (from Latin manu factura, making by hand) is the use of tools and labor to make things for use or sale. ... For the chemical substances known as medicines, see medication. ... Insulin crystals Biotechnology is technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science, and medicine. ... For the scientific journal named Science, see Science (journal). ...


The city has many nicknames, the most popular being "Gateway City", as it is seen as the Eastern/Western US dividing mark. St. Louis is also called "Gateway to the West" on behalf the many people who migrated west through St. Louis via the Missouri River (first leg of the Oregon Trail) and other wagon trails. St. Louis is also called "Mound City"[4]. This term originated with the Native American burial mounds that once were common in the city. These were largely destroyed to level the ground as the urban area grew. The most popular abbreviation for St. Louis is "STL" in reference to the airport code for the city and the long-standing use of an interlocked S, T, and L by the St. Louis Cardinals baseball team (the St. Louis Browns also used an interlocked STL). // A nickname is a name of an entity or thing that is not its proper name. ... A compass rose with west highlighted This article refers to the cardinal direction; for other uses see West (disambiguation). ... The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ... For other uses, see Oregon Trail (disambiguation). ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... Major league affiliations National League (1892–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 6, 9, 14, 17, 20, 42, 42, 45, 85 Name St. ... This article is about the contemporary American major league baseball team. ...


The City of St. Louis lies at the heart of Greater St. Louis, a sprawling region of nearly three million people in both Missouri and Illinois. The Illinois portion is commonly known as the Metro-East. The Greater St. Louis area was the 18th largest Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) area in the U.S. as of the July 2006 US Census estimate, with more than 2,800,000 people. Greater St. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Metro-East is a region in Illinois that comprises the eastern suburbs St. ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas. ...

Contents

History

"The City of St. Louis has affected me more deeply than any other environment has ever done, I consider myself fortunate to have been born here, rather than in Boston, or New York, or London."
T. S. Eliot on St. Louis

Prior to the arrival of French explorers in 1673 the area that would become St. Louis was a major center of the Mississippian mound builders. The presence of numerous mounds, now almost all destroyed, earned the later city the nickname of "Mound City". European exploration of the area had begun nearly a century before the city was founded. Louis Joliet and Jacques Marquette, both French, traveled through the Mississippi River valley in 1673, and five years later, La Salle claimed the entire valley for France. He called it "Louisiana" after King Louis XIV; the French also called their region "Illinois Country." In 1699, a settlement was established across the river from what is now St. Louis, at Cahokia. Other early settlements were downriver at Kaskaskia, Prairie du Pont, Fort de Chartres, and Sainte Genevieve. In 1703, Catholic priests established a small mission at what is now St. Louis. The mission was later moved across the Mississippi, but the small river at the site (now a drainage channel near the southern boundary of the City of St. Louis) still bears the name "River Des Peres" (French Rivière des pères, River of the Fathers). For other persons named Thomas Eliot, see Thomas Eliot (disambiguation). ... Prior to the arrival of French explorers in 1673 the area that would become St. ... The Mississippian culture was a mound-building Native American culture that flourished in what is now the Midwestern, Eastern, and Southeastern United States from approximately 800 to 1500 A.D., varying regionally. ... For other uses, see Mound builder (disambiguation). ... Louis Joliet, also known Louis Jolliet (September 21, 1645–May 1700), was a Canadian explorer born in Quebec who is important for his discoveries in North America. ... Father Jacques Marquette (French: Père Jacques Marquette) (June 10, 1637–May 18, 1675) and Louis Jolliet were the first Europeans to see and map the Mississippi River. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... Engraving of La Salle René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (November 22, 1643 – March 19, 1687) was a French cleric and explorer. ... Capital Quebec Language(s) French Religion Roman Catholicism Government Monarchy King See List of French monarchs Governor See list of Governors Legislature Sovereign Council of New France Historical era Ancien Régime in France  - Royal Control 1655  - Articles of Capitulation of Quebec 1759  - Articles of Capitulation of Montreal 1760  - Treaty... Louis XIV redirects here. ... French settlements and forts in the Illinois Country in 1763, showing U.S. current state boundaries. ... Cahokia is a village located in St. ... Kaskaskia is a village located in Randolph County, Illinois. ... Fort de Chartres existed as a succession of three French fortifications built during the 1700s on the east bank of the Mississippi River in the area of upper Louisiana known as the Illinois Country. ... Ste. ...


In 1763, Pierre Laclède, his 13-year-old "stepson" Auguste Chouteau, and a small band of men traveled up the Mississippi from New Orleans to found a post to take advantage of trade coming downstream by the Missouri River[5]. In November, they landed a few miles downstream of the river's confluence with the Missouri River at a site where wooded limestone bluffs rose forty feet above the river. The men returned to Fort de Chartres for the winter, but in February, Laclède sent Chouteau and thirty men to begin construction, laid out in a grid pattern as an imitation of New Orleans. St. Louis was a river city, and it therefore developed in response to its relationship to the river. Development, particularly economic development, clustered around the settlement’s Mississippi River bank on what was called "the levee" and is now called "the landing." This long, smooth bank of land, which would later be paved with cobblestone, sloped into the river at an incline that was gradual enough to permit the river vessels of the time to beach onto it in order to be unloaded and loaded. All products at this time were shipped to and from New Orleans, orienting St. Louis' 18th-century trade north-south. Pierre Laclède or Pierre Laclède Liguest (c. ... René Auguste Chouteau (born September 7, 1749 in New Orleans, Louisiana; died February 24, 1829 in St. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ...


The settlement began to grow quickly after word arrived that the 1763 Treaty of Paris had given Britain all the land east of the Mississippi. Frenchmen who had settled to the river's east moved across the water to "Laclède's Village." Other early settlements were established nearby at Saint Charles, the independent village of Carondelet (later annexed by St. Louis and now the southernmost part of the current City), Fleurissant (renamed Saint Ferdinand by the Spaniards and now Florissant), and Portage des Sioux. In 1765, St. Louis was made the capital of Upper Louisiana. The Treaty of Paris, often called the Peace of Paris, or the Treaty of 1763, was signed on February 10, 1763, by the kingdoms of Great Britain, France and Spain, with Portugal in agreement. ... St. ... Florissant is a city located in St. ... Portage Des Sioux is a city in St. ...


From 1766 to 1768, St. Louis was governed by the French lieutenant governor, Louis Saint Ange de Bellerive, who was not appointed by French or Spanish authorities, but by the leading residents of St. Louis. After 1768, St. Louis was governed by a series of governors appointed by Spanish authorities, whose administration continued even after Louisiana was secretly returned to France in 1800 by the Treaty of San Ildefonso. The town's population was then about a thousand. During the period when commandants appointed by Spanish authorities governed St. Louis, meetings of leading residents were also held from time to time, and "syndics" were sometimes elected to carry out certain governmental tasks. The following is a list of commandants of the Illinois Country, which came to be known sometime after 1718 as Upper Louisiana. ... The Treaty of San Ildefonso (formally titled the Preliminary and Secret Treaty between the French Republic and His Catholic Majesty the King of Spain, Concerning the Aggrandizement of His Royal Highness the Infant Duke of Parma in Italy and the Retrocession of Louisiana) was a secretly negotiated treaty between France...


In 1780 St. Louis would be attacked by the British as part of the American Revolution[6]. A combined Spanish and French creole force would protect the city.

Apotheosis of Saint Louis, a bronze statue of the city's namesake on horseback, was widely used as a symbol of the city before construction of the Gateway Arch.
Apotheosis of Saint Louis, a bronze statue of the city's namesake on horseback, was widely used as a symbol of the city before construction of the Gateway Arch.

St. Louis was acquired from France by the United States under President Thomas Jefferson in 1803, as part of the Louisiana Purchase. The transfer of power from Spain was made official in a ceremony called "Three Flags Day." On March 8, 1804, the Spanish flag was lowered and the French one raised. On March 10, the French flag was replaced by the United States flag. French continued, along with English, to be one of the major spoken and written languages in St. Louis until the 1820s. Download high resolution version (526x800, 282 KB)Apotheosis of St. ... Download high resolution version (526x800, 282 KB)Apotheosis of St. ... Look up Apotheosis in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the metal alloy. ... The Jefferson National Expansion Memorial is located in St. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... Thomas Jefferson (13 April 1743 N.S.–4 July 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–09), the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and one of the most influential Founding Fathers for his promotion of the ideals of Republicanism in the United States. ... The Louisiana Purchase (French: Vente de la Louisiane) was the acquisition by the United States of America of 828,000 square miles (2,140,000 km²) of French territory (Louisiana) in 1803. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1804 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


St. Louis first became legally incorporated as a town on November 9, 1809, though it elected its first municipal legislators (called trustees) in 1808. is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1809 (MDCCCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ...


The Lewis and Clark Expedition left the St. Louis area in May 1804, reached the Pacific Ocean in the summer of 1805, and returned on 23 September 1806. Both Lewis and Clark lived in St. Louis after the expedition. Many other explorers, settlers, and trappers (such as Ashley's Hundred) would later take a similar route to the West. Missouri became a state in 1821. St. Louis was incorporated as a city on December 9, 1822. A U. S. arsenal was constructed at St. Louis in 1827. Lewis and Clark redirects here. ... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... See also explorations, sea explorers, astronaut, conquistador, travelogue, the History of Science and Technology and Biography. ... Settlers are people who have travelled of their own choice, from the land of their birth to live in new lands or colonies. ... The human activity of trapping consists of hunting for animals to obtain their furs, which are then used for clothes and other artifacts, or sold / bartered (see fur trade). ... Ashleys Hundred refers to the men who responded to the flyer, To Enterprising Young Men: The Subscriber wishes to engage One Hundred men to ascend the River Missouri to its source to be employed for one, two, or three years . ... A compass rose with west highlighted This article refers to the cardinal direction; for other uses see West (disambiguation). ... is the 343rd day of the year (344th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


The steamboat era began in St. Louis on July 27, 1817, with the arrival of the Zebulon M. Pike. Steamboats signified significant progress in river trade, as steam power permitted much more efficient and dependable river transportation. Unlike the hand-propelled barges and keel boats that preceded the steamboat as the choice vehicle of Mississippi River trade, steamboats could travel upriver, and against the current, just as easily as downriver. Rapids north of the city made St. Louis the northernmost navigable port for many large boats, and Pike and her sisters soon transformed St. Louis into a bustling boom town, commercial center, and inland port. By the 1830s, it was common to see over 150 steamboats at the St. Louis levee at one time, and by the 1850s, St. Louis had become the largest U. S. city west of Pittsburgh, and the second-largest port in the country, with a commercial tonnage exceeded only by New York. is the 208th day of the year (209th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the state. ...


In 1836 the St. Louis Chamber of Commerce was founded according to the current Chamber's literature. This would make it one of the oldest Chambers of Commerce in the United States. Along the way, it’s been involved with projects as diverse as securing funding for Charles Lindbergh’s historic 1927 transatlantic flight (thus the naming of the plane “The Spirit of St. Louis”) and rallying community support for the design, funding and construction of St. Louis’ famed Gateway Arch. The current chamber is now called the St. Louis Regional Chamber of Commerce, represents the Bi-State region. The Regional Chamber and Growth Association organization is run currently by Richard Fleming. This article is about an aircraft. ... The Jefferson National Expansion Memorial is located in St. ... The Regional Chamber and Growth Association (RCGA) is the chamber of commerce and primary economic development agency for Metropolitan St. ...


Immigrants flooded into St. Louis after 1840, particularly from Germany, Bohemia, Italy and Ireland, the last driven by an Old World potato famine. During Reconstruction, rural Southern blacks flooded into St. Louis as well, seeking better opportunity. The population of St. Louis grew from less than 20,000 in 1840, to 77,860 in 1850, to more than 160,000 by 1860. At this time, public transit developed in order to effectively circulate the vast numbers of new residents in the city. Omnibuses began to service St. Louis in 1843, and in 1859, St. Louis' first streetcar tracks were laid. Immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently. ... A flood (in Old English flod, a word common to Teutonic languages; compare German Flut, Dutch vloed from the same root as is seen in flow, float) is an overflow of water, an expanse of water submerging land, a deluge. ... For other uses, see Bohemia (disambiguation). ... Bridget ODonnell and her two children during the famine The Great Famine or the Great Hunger (Irish: An Gorta Mór or An Drochshaol), known more commonly outside of Ireland as the Irish Potato Famine, is the name given to a famine in Ireland between 1845 and 1849. ...


Two disasters occurred in 1849: a cholera epidemic killed nearly one-tenth of the population, and a fire destroyed numerous steamboats and a large portion of the city. These disasters led to political action: old cemeteries were removed to the outskirts of the town; sinkholes were filled and swamps drained; water and sewer public utilities started; and a new building code required structures to be built of stone or brick. Furthermore, particularly after the 1849 fire, St. Louis' population decentralization westward accelerated, a pattern of migration that remains extremely evident even today. The St. ... Politics is the process by which decisions are made within groups. ...


In the first half of the 19th century, a second channel developed in the Mississippi River at St. Louis. An island ("Bloody Island") formed between the two channels, and a smaller island ("Duncan's Island") developed below St. Louis. It was feared that the levee at St. Louis might be left high and dry, and federal assistance was sought and obtained. Under the supervision of Robert E. Lee, levees were constructed on the Illinois side to direct water toward the Missouri side and eliminate the second channel. Bloody Island was joined to the land on the Illinois side, and Duncan's Island was washed away. For other uses, see Bloody Island. ... For other uses, see Robert E. Lee (disambiguation). ...


Militarily, the Civil War barely touched St. Louis; the area saw only a few skirmishes, in which Union forces prevailed. However, the war shut down trade with the South, as Union troops blockaded the Mississippi River from 1861 through the end of the war. Trade in St. Louis declined to about one-third its average, as the economy of the South, one of the markets St. Louis depended on, was devastated. Missouri was nominally a slave state, but its economy did not depend on slavery, and it remained loyal to the Union throughout the Civil War. The arsenal at St. Louis was used during the war to construct ironclad ships for the Union, and shipbuilding continued at the Port of St. Louis even into the latter half of the 20th century. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Animated map of secession, Civil War and re-admission:  States of the Union  Territories of the Union (including occupied territory)  States of the Confederacy  Territories claimed by Confederacy During the American Civil War, the Union was a name used to refer to the twenty-three states of the United States... Slave redirects here. ...


Eads Bridge, the first road and rail bridge to cross the Mississippi River, was completed in 1874. The Eads Bridge under construction Eads Bridge is a combined road and railway bridge over the Mississippi River at St. ...


On August 22, 1876 the City of St. Louis voted to secede from St. Louis County and become an independent city. At that time the County was primarily rural and sparsely populated, and the fast-growing City did not want to spend its tax dollars on infrastructure and services for the inefficient county; the move also allowed some in St. Louis government to increase their political power. This decision would later come back to haunt the City of St. Louis, as the results of that separation are still problematic today. is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) // January 31 - United States orders all Indigenous peoples in the United States to move onto reservations February 2 - The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs of Major League Baseball is formed. ... Urban secession is a citys secession from its surrounding region, to form a new political unit (usually a state or district or province of the same country as its surroundings, but not always). ... St. ...

Washington Avenue Loft District
Washington Avenue Loft District

As St. Louis grew and prospered during the late 19th and early 20th Century, the city produced a number of notable people in the fields of business and literature. The Ralston-Purina company (headed by the Danforth Family) was headquartered in the city, and Anheuser-Busch, the world's largest brewery, remains a fixture of the city's economy. The City was home to both International Shoe and the Brown Shoe Company. St. Louis was also one of the cities to see a pioneering brass era automobile company, the Success;[7] despite its low price, the company did not live up to its name. Ralston Purina was a major American corporation best known for its production and marketing of animal feeds. ... John Danforth John Claggett Danforth (born September 5, 1936), also referred to as Jack Danforth, is a former United States Ambassador to the United Nations and former Republican United States Senator from Missouri. ... Anheuser-Busch Companies, Inc. ... Holding Suit cannot be brought against an individual unless they have minimum contacts with the forum state, and such lawsuit does not offend traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice. ... Brown Shoe Company is a footwear company that owns a variety of popular footwear brands in the United States and Canada. ... Car redirects here. ...


Notable residents in the field of literature included poets Sara Teasdale and Marianne Moore, T. S. Eliot, William Burroughs, and Kate Chopin, as well as playwright Tennessee Williams. Sara Teasdale (August 8, 1884 – January 29, 1933), was an American lyrical poet. ... Marianne Moore photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1948 Marianne Moore (December 11, 1887 - February 5, 1972) was a Modernist American poet and writer. ... For other persons named Thomas Eliot, see Thomas Eliot (disambiguation). ... William S. Burroughs. ... Kate Chopin (born Katherine OFlaherty on February 8, 1850 – August 22, 1904) was an American author of short stories and novels, mostly of a Louisiana Creole background. ... Thomas Lanier Williams III (March 26, 1911 – February 25, 1983), better known as Tennessee Williams, was a major American playwright who received many of the top theatrical awards. ...


St. Louis is one of several cities claiming to have the world's first skyscraper. The Wainwright Building, a 10-story structure designed by Louis Sullivan and built in 1892, still stands at Chestnut and Seventh Streets and is today used by the State of Missouri as a government office building. For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ... Wainwright Building The Wainwright Building is a 10-story red-brick landmark office building in downtown St. ... Louis Henri Sullivan (September 3, 1856 – April 14, 1924) was an American architect, called the father of modernism. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


Nikola Tesla made the first public demonstration of radio communication here in 1893. Nikola Tesla (Serbian Cyrillic: ) (10 July 1856 – 7 January 1943) was a inventor, physicist, mechanical engineer, and electrical engineer. ...


In 1896, one of the deadliest and most destructive tornadoes in U. S. history struck St. Louis and East St. Louis leaving a mile-wide continuous swath of destroyed homes, factories, mills, saloons, hospitals, schools, parks, churches, and railroad yards. Killing more than 255, damages adjusted for inflation (1997 USD) make it the costliest tornado in U. S. history at an estimated $2.9 billion. Several other tornadoes have hit the city including 1927 (79 killed, 550 injured) and 1959 (21 killed, 345 injured). 1Time from first tornado to last tornado 2Most severe tornado damage; see Fujita Scale The St. ...


By the time of the 1900 census, St. Louis was the fourth largest city in the country.[8] In 1904, the city hosted a World's Fair, which led the Olympic Games to be moved from Chicago, originally selected to host the games, to St. Louis to coincide with the Fair.[9] With these games, the United States became the first English-speaking country to host the Olympics. Citizens of St. Louis still look back fondly on the events of 1904; there were several events held in 2004 to commemorate the centennial. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... Entrance to Creation Exhibit on the Pike Map of the St. ... The 1904 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the III Olympiad, were held in St. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ...


St. Louis had developed a lively immigrant gang culture by the early 20th century, leading up to much bootlegging activity and gang violence. One gang leader, from an Irish part of the city referred to as "Kerry Patch" (now almost entirely non-Irish-populated, the area is now part of the Old North St. Louis neighborhood) was named "Jelly Roll" Hogan. Hogan's gang is mentioned in Tennessee Williams' The Glass Menagerie. In the 1920s there were shoot outs on Lindell Boulevard between Hogan's Gang and the gang known as Egan's Rats. A priest was brought in to broker peace between the gangs in 1923, but this truce only lasted a few months before two more people were killed in a public shoot out. In 1923, Egan's Rats made off with $2.4 million in bonds from a mail truck. Hogan during this time was a state representative. He was elected in 1916, eventually became a state senator, and spent forty years in elected office. Please see [1] for more information. ... Thomas Lanier Williams III (March 26, 1911 – February 25, 1983), better known as Tennessee Williams, was a major American playwright who received many of the top theatrical awards. ... The Glass Menagerie is a play by Tennessee Williams. ... Egans Rats were a Prohibition bootlegging gang in the early 20th century. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      In the United States of America, a state legislature is a generic term referring to the... A State Senator is a member of a state Senate, the upper legislative chamber in the government of a U.S. state. ...


Although St. Louis did not segregate people on street cars like other cities, racial discrimination in housing was commonplace, and discrimination in employment was not uncommon before World War II. During World War II, the NAACP successfully campaigned, through protests and picket lines, to persuade the Federal government to allow African-Americans to work in war plants. Some 16,000 jobs were gained in this way. White southerners no longer had to be brought to St. Louis to do the work. State court rulings and local civil rights campaigns in the two decades after the war undid the legality of race-based restrictions on real estate ownership and opened some clerical positions in local banks, etc. that had been more common prior to WWII. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), is one of the oldest and most influential hate organizations in the United States. ...


St. Louis, like many other Midwestern cities, experienced major expansion in the early 20th century due to the formation of many industrial companies. Like many U. S. cities, the city reached its peak population at the 1950 census. The Gateway Arch was built in the mid-1960s. In January 1999, the city hosted Pope John Paul II for a day. Suburbanization in conjunction with the GI Bill, interstate highway construction, and changes in housing preferences shifted the population out of the city and into newly-formed suburbs. Although the overall population of the St. Louis MSA has always been growing, the St. Louis city population itself had been decreasing. Pope John Paul II (Latin: , Italian: , Polish: ) born   IPA: ; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) reigned as the 264th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church and Sovereign of the State of the Vatican City from 16 October 1978, until his death, almost 27 years later, making his the second-longest... The G. I. Bill of Rights or Servicemens Readjustment Act of 1944 provided for college or vocational education for returning World War II veterans as well as one-year of unemployment compensation. ... Interstate Highways in the 48 contiguous states. ...


Recently, there has been revitalization in Downtown St. Louis and along a corridor extending to the west through Midtown and the Central West End neighborhoods. The St. Louis Cardinals' new Busch Stadium opened in 2006. Ballpark Village would have been built where northern half of the former Busch Stadium stood, but those plans have been put on hold. For several years, the Washington Avenue Loft District has been gentrifying with an expanding corridor along Washington Avenue from the Edward Jones Dome westward almost two dozen blocks. Revitalization continues, including new construction, as the corridor extends to the west to Forest Park.[10] Downtown St. ... This article is about the current sports venue in St. ... St. ... Busch Memorial Stadium, or Busch Stadium was the home of the St. ... The Washington Avenue Loft District is a portion of St. ... In San Francisco, during the mid-1960s, the bohemian center of the city shifted from the old Beat enclave of North Beach to Haight-Ashbury (pictured) as a response to gentrification. ... The Edward Jones Dome is a 66,000 seat football stadium in St. ...


Because of the major upturn in urban revitalization, St. Louis received the World Leadership Award for urban renewal in 2006. [11] In 2006 the U. S. Census Bureau reported St. Louis had a net population gain of 5,648 from the 2000 Census, to 353,837, the first gain the city has had since 1950.[2] However, since then, the State of Missouri released census estimates projecting the city will lose 3,000 residents by 2030.[12] The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ...


Geography

The Rivers around St. ...

Topography

A simulated-color satellite image of the St. Louis area taken on NASA's Landsat 4.
A simulated-color satellite image of the St. Louis area taken on NASA's Landsat 4.

According to the United States Census Bureau, St. Louis has a total area of 66.2 square miles (171.3 km²), of which, 61.9 square miles (160.4 km²) of it is land and 11.0 km² (4.2 sq mi or 6.39%) of it is water. The city is built primarily on bluffs and terraces that rise 100-200 feet above the western banks of the Mississippi River, just south of the Missouri-Mississippi confluence. Much of the area is a fertile and gently rolling prairie that features low hills and broad, shallow valleys. Both the Mississippi River and the Missouri River have cut large valleys with wide flood plains. Image File history File linksMetadata STLNASAlandstat. ... Image File history File linksMetadata STLNASAlandstat. ... For other uses, see NASA (disambiguation). ... An artists impression of Landsat 5, indentical in design to Landsat 4. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Hills redirects here. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ...


Limestone and dolomite of the Mississippian epoch underlies the area and much of the city is a karst area, with numerous sinkholes and caves, although most of the caves have been sealed shut; many springs are visible along the riverfront. Significant deposits of coal, brick clay, and millerite ore were once mined in the city, and the predominant surface rock, the St. Louis Limestone, is used as dimension stone and rubble for construction. For other uses, see Limestone (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Dolomite (disambiguation). ... “Mississippian” redirects here. ... Diagram of geological time scale. ... Karst topography occurs when a landscape is marked by underground drainage patterns. ... Alternate meanings: Cave (disambiguation) The outside world viewed from a cave A cave is a natural underground void. ... Coal Example chemical structure of coal Coal is a fossil fuel formed in ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... For other uses, see Brick (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Clay (disambiguation). ... Millerite can have the following meanings: Millerites, a diverse family of denominations and Bible study movements that have arisen since the middle of the 19th century, traceable to the Adventist movement sparked by the apocalyptic teachings of William Miller. ...

The Rivers around St. Louis
The Rivers around St. Louis

Near the southern boundary of the City of St. Louis (separating it from St. Louis County) is the River des Peres, virtually the only river or stream within the city limits that is not entirely underground.[13] Most of River des Peres was either channelized or put underground in the 1920s and early 1930s. The lower section of the river was the site of some of the worst flooding of the Great Flood of 1993. Rivers around St. ... Rivers around St. ... St. ... The new River des Peres in Forest Park. ... The Great Flood of 1993 occurred in the American Midwest, along the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers and their tributaries, from April to October of 1993. ...


Near the central, western boundary of the city is Forest Park, site of the 1904 World's fair, the Louisiana Purchase Exposition of 1904, and the 1904 Summer Olympics, the first Olympic Games held in North America. At the time, St. Louis was the fourth most populous city in the United States. For the park in New York see Forest Park (Queens) McDonnell Planetarium Jewel Box in Forest Park Old Footbridge in Forest Park Forest Park in St. ... Worlds Fair is any of various large expositions held since the mid-19th century. ... Entrance to Creation Exhibit on the Pike Map of the St. ... The 1904 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the III Olympiad, were held in St. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ...


The Missouri River forms the northern border of St. Louis County, exclusive of a few areas where the river has changed its course. The Meramec River forms most of its southern border. To the east is the City and the Mississippi River. The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ... St. ... The Meramec River Looking North from Route 66 State Park Canoers enjoy a float trip on the Meramec below Leasburg The Meramec River is the longest free-flowing waterway in Missouri -- it wanders some 350 kilometers (220 miles) through six Missouri Ozark Highland counties: Dent, Phelps, Crawford, Franklin, Jefferson, and... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ...


Climate

St. Louis has been known to be a humid continental climate (Koppen climate classification Dfa) as well as a humid subtropical climate (Koppen climate classification Cfa), falling within the boundaries of the two climates, and has neither large mountains nor large bodies of water to moderate its temperature. Both cold Canadian Arctic air and hot, humid tropical air from the Gulf of Mexico affect the region. The city has four distinct seasons. The average annual temperature for the years 1970-2000, recorded at nearby Lambert-Saint Louis International Airport, is 56.3 °F (13.5 °C), and average precipitation is 37.15 inches (942 mm). The normal high temperature in July is 89 °F (32 °C), and the normal low temperature in January is 21 °F (−6 °C), although these values have been known to vary at times. Temperatures of 100 °F (38 °C) or more occur no more than five days a year and temperatures of 0 °F (-17.8 °C) or below occur 2 or 3 days a year on average. The official record low is -23 °F (-30.6 °C) on January 29, 1873, and the record high is 115 °F (46.1 °C) on July 14, 1954.[14] The humid continental climate is a climate found over large areas of land masses in the temperate regions of the mid-latitudes where there is a zone of conflict between polar and tropical air masses. ... The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. ... The humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) is a climate zone characterized by hot, humid summers and chilly to mild winters. ... The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ... This article is about divisions of a year. ... Diagram of STL. Lambert-Saint Louis International Airport (IATA: STL, ICAO: KSTL) is the primary airport for Saint Louis, Missouri and the surrounding area. ... is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar). ...


Winter (December through February) is the driest season, averaging about 6.7 inches of total precipitation. Average annual snowfall is 19.8 inches (500 mm) per year. Spring (March through May), is typically the wettest season, with approximately 10.8 inches (270 mm) of precipitation. Dry spells lasting one or two weeks are common during the growing seasons.


St. Louis usually experiences thunderstorms on the average 48 days a year. [15] Especially in the spring, these storms can often be severe, with high winds, large hail and tornadoes. St. Louis has been affected on more than one occasion by particularly damaging tornadoes. A shelf cloud associated with a heavy or severe thunderstorm over Enschede, The Netherlands. ... This article is about the precipitation. ... City of St. ...


A period of warm weather late in autumn known as Indian summer can occur – roses will still be in bloom as late as November or early December in some years. An Indian summer day Indian summer is a name given to a period of sunny, warm weather in autumn, not long before winter. ... For other uses, see Rose (disambiguation). ...

Weather averages for St. Louis, Missouri
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 39 (3) 44 (6) 54 (12) 67 (19) 76 (24) 85 (30) 89 (32) 87 (31) 80 (27) 69 (21) 54 (12) 43 (6) 66 (19)
Average low °F (°C) 21 (-6) 25 (-3) 34 (1) 46 (7) 55 (12) 65 (18) 69 (20) 67 (19) 59 (15) 48 (8) 36 (2) 26 (-3) 46 (7)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.0 (51) 2.1 (53) 3.3 (84) 3.6 (91) 3.9 (99) 3.8 (97) 3.8 (97) 3.0 (84) 3.0 (84) 2.8 (71) 3.1 (79) 2.6 (66) 37.1 (942)
Source: Weatherbase[16] January 2007

Flora and fauna

Before the founding of the city, the area was prairie and open forest maintained by burning by Native Americans. Trees are mainly oak, maple, and hickory, similar to the forests of the nearby Ozarks; common understory trees include Eastern Redbud, Serviceberry, and Flowering Dogwood. Riparian areas are forested with mainly American sycamore. Most of the residential area of the city is planted with large native shade trees. The largest native forest area is found in Forest Park. In Autumn, the changing color of the trees is notable. Most species here are typical of the Eastern Woodland, although numerous decorative non-native species are found; the most notable invasive species is Japanese honeysuckle, which is actively removed from some parks. This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus (from Latin oak tree), which are listed in the List of Quercus species, and some related genera, notably... For other uses, see Maple (disambiguation). ... Species See text Comparison of Carya nuts Ripe hickory nuts ready to fall, Andrews, SC Hickory is a tree of the genus Carya, including 17-19 species of deciduous trees with pinnately compound leaves and large nuts. ... Ozark redirects here. ... Binomial name Cercis canadensis Eastern Redbud (Cercis canadensis) is a large shrub or small tree in the pea family Fabaceae, native to eastern North America from southern Ontario, Canada south to northern Florida, United States. ... Species About 25; see text The Serviceberry (Amelanchier), also known as shadbush, sarvisberry, juneberry, saskatoon, shadblow, shadwood, sugarplum, wild-plum, and amélanchier, is a genus of about 20 species of small deciduous trees and large shrubs in Rosaceae (the rose family). ... Binomial name Cornus florida L. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida or Benthamidia florida) is a showy small tree native to eastern and southeastern North America. ... A riparian zone schematic from the Everglades. ... Binomial name L. The American sycamore (Platanus occidentalis), also known as American plane, Occidental plane, and Buttonwood, is one of the species of Platanus native to North America. ... Binomial name Thunb. ...

Female bald eagle on an egg in nest near Chain of Rocks Bridge
Female bald eagle on an egg in nest near Chain of Rocks Bridge

Large mammals found in the city include urbanized coyotes and occasionally a stray whitetail deer. Eastern Gray Squirrel, Cottontail rabbit, and other rodents are abundant, as well as the nocturnal and rarely seen Opossum. Large bird species are abundant in parks and include Canada goose, Mallard duck, as well as shorebirds, including the Great Egret and Great Blue Heron. Gulls are common along the Mississippi River; these species typically follow barge traffic. Winter populations of Bald Eagles are found by the Mississippi River around the Chain of Rocks Bridge. The city is on the Mississippi Flyway, used by migrating birds, and has a large variety of small bird species, common to the eastern U.S. The Eurasian Tree Sparrow, an introduced species, is limited in North America to the counties surrounding St. Louis. Tower Grove Park is a well-known birdwatching area in the city. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x800, 1223 KB) Summary Female bald eagle on an egg, Missouri. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x800, 1223 KB) Summary Female bald eagle on an egg, Missouri. ... For other uses, see Bald Eagle (disambiguation). ... The Chain of Rocks Bridge is a 5,350 feet long bridge spanning the Mississippi River on the north edge of St. ... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria For the folk-rock band see The Mammals. ... For other uses, see Coyote (disambiguation). ... ... Binomial name Gmelin, 1788 The eastern gray squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) is a tree squirrel native to the eastern and midwestern United States and to the southerly portions of the eastern provinces of Canada. ... Type species Lepus sylvaticus Bachman, 1837 (=Lepus sylvaticus floridanus J. Allen, 1890) Species 16, see text The cottontail rabbits are the 16 lagomorph species in the genus Sylvilagus, found in the Americas. ... Genera Several; see text Didelphimorphia is the order of common opossums of the Western Hemisphere. ... For the outerwear manufacturer, see Canada Goose (clothing). ... This article is about the Mallard duck. ... Families Charadridae Jacanidae Rostratulidae Ibidorhynchidae Recurvirostridae Haematopodidae Scolopacidae Dromadidae Burhinidae Glareolidae Thinocoridae Waders, called Shorebirds in North America (where wader is used to refer to long-legged wading birds such as storks and herons), are members of the order Charadriiformes, excluding the more marine web-footed seabird groups. ... Binomial name Synonyms Casmerodius albus Egretta alba The Great Egret Ardea alba, also known as the Great White Egret, White Heron, or Common Egret, is a wading egret, found in most of the tropical and Breeding plumage in flight at Hodal in Faridabad District of Haryana, India. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 The Great Blue Heron , Ardea herodias, is a wading bird in the heron family Ardeidae, common over most of North and Central America as well as the West Indies and the Galápagos Islands, except for the far north and deserts and high mountains where there... Genera Pagophila Larus Rissa Creagus Xema Rhodostethia Gulls are seabirds in the family Laridae and subfamily Lari. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... Self propelled barge carrying bulk crushed stone A barge is a flat-bottomed boat, built mainly for river and canal transport of heavy goods. ... For other uses, see Bald Eagle (disambiguation). ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... The Chain of Rocks Bridge is a 5,350 feet long bridge spanning the Mississippi River on the north edge of St. ... The Mississippi Flyway is a bird migration route that generally follows the Mississippi River in the United States and Mackenzie River in Canada. ... Binomial name Passer montanus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Tree Sparrow, Passer montanus, is spread over most of Europe and Siberia, and allied forms occur in other parts of Asia. ... Photo taken in Tower Grove Park near the Stone Shelter. ...


Frogs are commonly found in the springtime, especially after extensive wet periods. Common species include the American toad and species of chorus frogs, commonly called "spring peepers" that are found in nearly every pond. Some years have outbreaks of cicadas or ladybugs. Mosquitos and houseflies are common insect nuisances; because of this, windows are nearly universally fitted with screens, and "screened-in" porches are common in homes of the area. Invasive populations of honeybees have sharply declined in recent years, and numerous native species of pollinator insects have recovered to fill their ecological niche. Binomial name Bufo americanus (Holbrook, 1836) Habitat range of B. americanus The American toad (Bufo americanus) is a common species of toad found throughout the eastern United States and Canada. ... Binomial nomenclature Pseudacris crucifer Wied-Neuwied (1838) The spring peeper, also known as the hyla and Pseudacris crucifer, is a small tree frog widespread throughout the eastern USA. The spring peeper is a small frog, attaining an adult size between 0. ... Genera Many. ... Subfamilies Chilocorinae Coccidulinae Coccinellinae Epilachninae Scymininae Sticholotidinae etc. ... This article is about the insect; for the WWII aircraft see De Havilland Mosquito. ... Binomial name Musca domestica The housefly (Musca domestica Linnaeus) is the most common fly occurring in homes and indeed one of the most widely distributed animals and the most familiar of all flies; it is a pest that can facilitate serious diseases. ... Orders Subclass Apterygota Archaeognatha (bristletails) Thysanura (silverfish) Subclass Pterygota Infraclass Paleoptera (Probably paraphyletic) Ephemeroptera (mayflies) Odonata (dragonflies and damselflies) Infraclass Neoptera Superorder Exopterygota Grylloblattodea (ice-crawlers) Mantophasmatodea (gladiators) Plecoptera (stoneflies) Embioptera (webspinners) Zoraptera (angel insects) Dermaptera (earwigs) Orthoptera (grasshoppers, etc) Phasmatodea (stick insects) Blattodea (cockroaches) Isoptera (termites) Mantodea (mantids) Psocoptera... A “window screen,” “insect screen,” or “fly screen” is a metal wire, fiberglass, or other synthetic fiber mesh, stretched in a frame of wood or metal, designed to cover the opening of an open window. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Subspecies North-west of Europe South-west of Europe Middle East Africa Synonyms Apis mellifica Linnaeus, 1761 The Western honey bee or European honey bee (Apis mellifera) is a species of honey bee. ... Carpenter bee with pollen collected from Night-blooming cereus Pollination is an important step in the reproduction of seed plants: the transfer of pollen grains (containing the male gametes, sperm) to the plant carpel of flowering plants, the structure that contains the ovule (which in turn houses the female gamete...


Metropolitan statistical area

The St. Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area is the largest Metropolitan Area in Missouri, and the 18th largest in the United States, and has an estimated total population of 2,866,517 as of July 1, 2007. This area includes the independent City of St. Louis (353,837) and the Missouri counties of St. Louis (1,000,510), St. Charles (338,719), Jefferson (216,469), Franklin (100,067), Lincoln (50,123), Warren (29,685), and Washington (24,182), plus the Illinois counties of Madison (265,303), St. Clair (260,919), Macoupin (48,841), Clinton (36,633), Monroe (31,876), Jersey (22,628), Bond (18,055), and Calhoun (5,177).[citation needed] The St. ... The St. ... The St. ... The St. ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The following is a list (by population) of all Metropolitan Statistical Areas as defined by the United States Census Bureau. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Missouri has 114 counties and one independent city. ... St. ... St. ... Jefferson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri, and included the mean center of U.S. population in 1980. ... Franklin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. ... Lincoln County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Warren County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Washington County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. ... List of 102 counties in the U.S. state of Illinois: Adams County Alexander County Bond County Boone County Brown County Bureau County Calhoun County Carroll County Cass County Champaign County Christian County Clark County Clay County Clinton County Coles County Cook County Crawford County Cumberland County DeKalb County De... Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... St. ... Macoupin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... Clinton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois, and determined by the U.S. Census Bureau to include the mean center of U.S. population in 1960. ... Monroe County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Bond County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Calhoun County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. ...


Cityscape

A panoramic view of St. Louis Skyline. The large building on the right side of the arch is One Metropolitan Square. The tallest building to its left is One AT&T Center. The tallest building on the right is One US Bank Plaza. The domed building to the left of the arch is the Thomas F. Eagleton Courthouse. The domed building beneath the arch is the Old Courthouse.
Benton Park West Streetscape
Benton Park West Streetscape
See also: List of tallest buildings in St. Louis and Neighborhoods of St. Louis

The city is divided into 79 government-designated neighborhoods. The divisions have no legal standing, although some neighborhood associations administer grants or hold veto power over historic-district development. Nevertheless, the social and political influence of neighborhood identity is profound. Some hold avenues of massive stone edifices built as palaces for heads of state visiting the 1904 World's Fair. Others offer tidy working-class bungalows or loft districts. Many of them have endured as strong and cohesive communities. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 182 pixelsFull resolution (5000 × 1139 pixel, file size: 4. ... This article is an overview of the term Panorama. ... One Metropolitan Square, also known as Met Square, is a skyscraper in downtown St. ... The Thomas F. Eagleton Courthouse is the largest single courthouse in the country. ... There are 79 government designated neighborhood areas in St. ... Entrance to Creation Exhibit on the Pike Map of the St. ...

Soulard Homes
Soulard Homes

Among the best-known, architecturally significant, or well-visited neighborhoods are Downtown, Midtown, Benton Park, Carondelet, the Central West End, Clayton/Tamm (Dogtown), Dutchtown South, Forest Park Southeast, Grand Center, The Hill, Lafayette Square, LaSalle Park, Old North St. Louis, Compton Heights, Princeton Heights, Shaw (home to the Missouri Botanical Garden and named after the Garden's founder, Henry Shaw), Southampton, Southwest Garden, Soulard (home of the second-largest Mardi Gras festival in the nation), Tower Grove East, Tower Grove South, Hortense Place (home to many grand mansions), Holly Hills, St. Louis Hills, and Wydown/Skinker. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Downtown St. ... Midtown St. ... Carondelet (technically pronounced IPA: , but locally pronounced ) is a neighborhood in the extreme southeastern portion of St. ... The Central West End is a distinct neighborhood in St. ... Clayton-Tamm is home to the popular Ancient Order of Hibernians Parade in Dogtown. ... Grand Center, located just north of the Saint Louis University campus, bills itself as the arts district of St. ... . ... Row Houses in the Lafayette Square neighborhood Lafayette Square is a neighborhood in St. ... // [edit] Summary LaSalle Park is an integral part of the three-neighborhood Old Frenchtown area — LaSalle Park, Lafayette Square and Soulard — bordering the southern edge of downtown St. ... Please see [1] for more information. ... Shaw is a neighborhood in St. ... Seiwa-en One of the Various Gardens at the Missouri Botanical Garden The Missouri Botanical Garden is a botanical garden located in St. ... Henry Shaw, (born July 24, 1800 in Sheffield, England - died August 25, 1889 in St. ... Southampton is a neighborhood in south St Louis city in Missouri. ... Historic Soulard Soulard (soo-lard) is a historic French neighborhood in St. ... For other uses, see Mardi Gras (disambiguation). ...


St. Louis Received the World Leadership Award for urban renewal in 2006 and 2007. The improvement in the quality of life in the City of St. Louis received international recognition after the award was presented. The World Leadership Awards are prepared by the World Leadership Forum and presented to city leaders who have shown exceptional imagination, foresight or resilience in a number of key fields - especially cities that have reversed trends, shaken off traditional images, and acted as an example and inspiration to others. ...


Culture

Social changes in the twentieth century influenced radically the sorts of people who live in St. ...

Tourism

St. Louis Union Station is a National Historic Landmark which includes a hotel and shops.
St. Louis Union Station is a National Historic Landmark which includes a hotel and shops.

There are many museums and attractions in the city. The St. Louis Art Museum, located in the City's premier park, Forest Park , and dating from the 1904 World's Fair, houses an impressive array of modern art and ancient artifacts, with an extensive collection of master works of several centuries, including paintings by Rembrandt, Van Gogh, Pissarro, Picasso, and many others. Forest Park is bigger than New York's Central Park. The privately-owned City Museum offers a variety of interesting exhibits, including several large faux-caves and a huge outdoor playground. It also serves as a meeting point for St. Louis's young arts scene. The Pulitzer Foundation for the Arts, located in Grand Center, is an arts institution in a world-renowned building designed by the Pritzker Prize-winning architect, Tadao Ando. The Eugene Field House, located in downtown St. Louis, is a museum dedicated to the distinguished children's author. The Missouri History Museum presents exhibits and programs on a variety of topics including the 1904 World's Fair, and a comprehensive exhibit on Lewis and Clark's voyage exploring the Louisiana Purchase. The Fox Theatre, originally one of many movie theatres along Grand Boulevard, is now a newly restored theater featuring a Byzantine facade and Oriental decor. The Fox Theatre presents a Broadway Series in addition to concerts. The St. Louis Union Station is a popular tourist attraction with retail shops and a luxury hotel. Image File history File linksMetadata City_Museum19. ... Image File history File linksMetadata City_Museum19. ... City Museum. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1. ... St. ... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... For the park in New York see Forest Park (Queens) McDonnell Planetarium Jewel Box in Forest Park Old Footbridge in Forest Park Forest Park in St. ... This article is about the Dutch artist. ... van gogh is a piece of shit Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890), Netherlands artist. ... The garden of Pontoise, painted 1875. ... A young Pablo Picasso Pablo Picasso, formally Pablo Ruiz Picasso, (October 25, 1881 - April 8, 1973) was one of the recognized masters of 20th century art. ... Central Park is a large public, urban park (843 acres, 3. ... City Museum. ... The Pulitzer Foundation for the Arts opened in 2001 with a building designed by Pritzker Prize-winning architect, Tadao Ando. ... Grand Center, located just north of the Saint Louis University campus, is often referred to as the arts district of St. ... The famous Church of the Light in Ibaraki-shi, Osaka, Japan The Westin Awaji Island designed by Ando Hyogo Prefectural Museum of Art, Kobe, Japan Image:Ando. ... Eugene Field, American writer Eugene Field (September 2, 1850 - November 4, 1895) American writer, best known for poetry for children and for humorous essays. ... The Missouri History Museum located in St. ... The Fox Theatre is arguably the most spectacular theatres in St. ... St. ...

Laclede's Landing is a downtown entertainment district with restaurants and nightclubs.
Laclede's Landing is a downtown entertainment district with restaurants and nightclubs.

There are several notable churches in the city, including the Cathedral Basilica of St. Louis (more commonly known as "the New Cathedral"), a large Roman Catholic cathedral designed in the Byzantine and Romanesque styles. It is the motherchurch and seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Saint Louis, the principal diocese of Missouri; the current Archbishop is Raymond Leo Burke. The interior is decorated with lovely mosaics, the largest mosaic collection in the world. The Basilica of St. Louis, King of France (1834) (more commonly known as the "Old Cathedral") is the oldest Roman Catholic cathedral west of the Mississippi River. The Old Cathedral is located adjacent to the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial. Also notable is the abbey church of Saint Louis Abbey, whose distinctive architectural style garnered multiple awards at the time of its completion. The Gateway Arch, part of the Memorial, is arguably the city's best known landmark, as well as a popular tourist site. This Memorial commemorates the acquisition and settlement, by the citizens of the United States of America, of all of the lands west of the Mississippi River that are part of the nation today. The Arch, and the entire 91 acres of the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial park, occupy the exact location of the original French village of St. Louis (1764-1804). Unfortunately, no buildings from that era exist today. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x681, 191 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x681, 191 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): St. ... Cathedral Basilica The Cathedral Basilica of Saint Louis, generally known as the St. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 3072 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 3072 pixel, file size: 3. ... The Lacledes Landing is a popular attraction located in St. ... Cathedral Basilica The Cathedral Basilica of Saint Louis, generally known as the St. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... For other uses, see Cathedral (disambiguation). ... The Palatine Chapel of the Norman Kings of Sicily. ... South transept of Tournai Cathedral, Belgium, 12th century. ... The Cathedral Basilica of Saint Louis, the Cathedral parish of the Archdiocese. ... This article is about a decorative art. ... The Basilica, better known as the Old Cathedral, located near the Gateway Arch, visible on the right. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... The Jefferson National Expansion Memorial is located in St. ... This article should belong in one or more categories. ... The Old Courthouse sits at the heart of the city of Saint Louis, with the arch to the east, near the rivers edge. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized...

View of the Arch from the Old Cathedral.
View of the Arch from the Old Cathedral.

The Hill is an historically Italian neighborhood where many of the area's best Italian restaurants can be found. The Hill was the home of Yogi Berra, Joe Garagiola, and many other noted athletes. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (427x640, 223 KB) Summary Gateway Arch, Saint Louis, Missouri, 10/10/2005, Robert Lawton (self) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (427x640, 223 KB) Summary Gateway Arch, Saint Louis, Missouri, 10/10/2005, Robert Lawton (self) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free... . ... Lawrence Peter Yogi Berra (born May 12, 1925 in St. ... Joseph Henry Garagiola, Sr. ...


The Saint Louis Zoological Park, one of the oldest and largest free-admission zoos in the country, is home to an Insectarium and the Prairie Village. The St. Louis Zoo is the most visited zoo in the United States, having surpassed the San Diego Zoo in popularity. It boasts many exhibits with animal-friendly habitats. The zoo is located in Forest Park, adjacent to the St. Louis Art Museum. The Saint Louis Zoological Park is a zoo in Forest Park in St. ...

Bald Eagle at the St. Louis Zoo.
Bald Eagle at the St. Louis Zoo.

The International Bowling Museum and Hall of Fame and St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Fame Museum are located near Busch Stadium in downtown St. Louis. International Bowling Museum and Hall of Fame is located in Saint Louis, Missouri near Busch Stadium. ... St. ...


Laclede's Landing, located on the Mississippi Riverfront directly north of the historic Eads Bridge, is popular for its restaurants and nightclubs. St. Louis also possesses several distinct examples of 18th and 19th century architecture, such as the Soulard Market district (1779-1842), the Chatillon-de-Menil House (1848), the Bellefontaine Cemetery (1850), the Robert G. Campbell House (1852), the Old Courthouse (1845-62), the original Anheuser-Busch Brewery (1860), and two of Louis Sullivan's early skyscrapers, the Wainwright Building (1890-91) and the Union Trust Building. The Lacledes Landing is a popular attraction located in St. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... The Eads Bridge under construction Eads Bridge is a combined road and railway bridge over the Mississippi River at St. ... Bellefontaine Cemetery (established in 1849) and the Roman Catholic Calvary Cemetery (established in 1857) in St. ... Louis Henri Sullivan (September 3, 1856 – April 14, 1924) was an American architect, called the father of modernism. ... Wainwright Building The Wainwright Building is a 10-story red-brick landmark office building in downtown St. ...

Lewis and Clark sculpture on the riverfront
Lewis and Clark sculpture on the riverfront

On the Riverfront two sculptural groups has been designated a National Lewis and Clark site by the National Park Service. This includes a twice life sized grouping of Lewis and Clark on the St. Louis Riverfront which commemorated the final celebration of the bicentennial of the expedition. These sculptures were done by Harry Weber Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 2. ... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ... Harry Weber was born in St. ...


The Lemp Mansion, home of the ill-fated Lemp family, brewers of Falstaff Beer and others, is considered one of the most haunted places in the nation. It is open to the public as a restaurant, murder-mystery dinner theater, and bed & breakfast. The 33-room Lemp Mansion is a house in St Louis, Missouri. ... Falstaff Beer was the brand name for an American beer, produced first by the Lemp Brewing Company of St. ...


Tourism outside the city proper

The Butterfly House is located in western St. Louis County. St. ...


The Museum of Transportation is just outside Kirkwood, a suburb in southwestern St. Louis County. Many large steam locomotives, classic cars, a rare Chrysler Turbine car, and even a boat are some of the spectacles. Template:St. ... Kirkwood is a city in St. ... St. ... For other uses, including the Chrysler Brand, see Chrysler (disambiguation). ...


The Magic House, a children's hands-on exploration museum, and Worldways Children's Museum, an international children's cultural museum, are also in Kirkwood.


The Delmar Loop, in University City, just west of the St. Louis city line, is a popular entertainment, cultural, and restaurant district. This was named one of the top ten most famous streets in the country in 2007. Recently the Delmar loop is developing east into the city proper. Such things as Pin-up Bowl, The Pageant, and many restaurants have decided to locate in the City of St. Louis. The Delmar Loop is an entertainment, cultural and restaurant district located on the western edge of Saint Louis, Missouri in the small city of University City, Missouri. ... University City is a city located in St. ...


Grant's Farm is a historic farm located in South St. Louis County, and was once owned by Ulysses S. Grant. The Farm is now owned by the Busch family, who also own Anheuser-Busch brewing company. The Farm is free and open to the general public every summer. Grants Farm is a historic farm in St. ... Ulysses S. Grant,[2] born Hiram Ulysses Grant (April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885), was an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869–1877). ...


The St. Louis International Film Festival runs for 11 days in November every year and is one of the top regional film festivals in the United States.


Six Flags St. Louis, known as "Six Flags over Mid-America" when it opened in June 1971, is an amusement park in Eureka, Missouri, in far west St. Louis County. It is one of the original Six Flags. Six Flags St. ... Theme park redirects here. ... Eureka is a city located in St. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... St. ... For the national flags of Texas, see Six flags over Texas. ...


Saint Charles is the seat of St. Charles County and first capital of the state of Missouri. St. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... St. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


Cahokia Mounds, located eight miles (13 km) east of St. Louis near Collinsville, Illinois, holds the ruins of a city of the ancient Mississippian aboriginal culture. Similar mounds within St. Louis, used as construction fill in the 1800s, gave the city one of its nicknames, "Mound City". Cahokia was a Native American city located near Collinsville in west-central Illinois, across the Mississippi River from St. ... Collinsville is a city in Madison County, Illinois and partially in St. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... The Mississippian culture was a mound-building Native American culture that flourished in what is now the Midwestern, Eastern, and Southeastern United States from approximately 800 to 1500 A.D., varying regionally. ...


Alton, Illinois is a northern suburb with wineries, antique shops, golf courses, and bed and breakfasts. Historic Alton Home Alton is a city in Madison County, Illinois, United States, about 15 miles north of St. ...


Entertainment and performing arts

See also: :Category:St. Louis music

St. Louis is home to the world-renowned Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra which was founded in 1880 and is the second oldest orchestra in the nation. The orchestra has received six Grammy Awards and fifty-six nominations.[17] The Historic Powell Symphony Hall on North Grand Boulevard has been the permanent home of the Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra since 1968. Leonard Slatkin, largely credited[who?] with building the orchestra's international prominence during his 17-year tenure as Music Director, is Conductor Laureate. The current Music Director of the orchestra is David Robertson. The Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra (SLSO) was founded in 1880, making it the second oldest symphony in the United States after the New York Philharmonic. ... Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music... Photograph of Powell Symphony Hall Powell Symphony Hall is the home of the Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra. ... Leonard Slatkin (born September 1, 1944) is an American conductor. ... David Robertson [1] (born 19 July 1958 in Santa Monica, California, USA) is an American conductor. ...

The Pageant, a St. Louis nightclub

The Opera Theatre of Saint Louis is an annual summer festival of opera performed in English, originally co-founded by Richard Gaddes in 1976. Union Avenue Opera, formed in the early 1990s, is a smaller company that performs opera in their original languages. Other classical music groups of note include the Arianna String Quartet[18], the quartet-in-residence at the University of Missouri–St. Louis, the Saint Louis Chamber Chorus[19], and the Young Catholic Musicians, a group for young choir and band members made up of kids from over 60 parishes all over Saint Louis. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Laser lights illuminate the dance floor at a Gatecrasher dance music event in Sheffield, England A nightclub (or night club or club) is a drinking, dancing, and entertainment venue which does its primary business after dark. ... The Opera Theatre of Saint Louis is a summer opera festival held in St. ... Richard Gaddes (b. ... Union Avenue Opera Theatre (recently renamed Union Avenue Opera) is an opera company based in Saint Louis, Missouri. ... The University of Missouri–St. ...


St. Louis has long been associated with great ragtime, jazz and blues music. Early rock and roll singer/guitarist Chuck Berry is a native St. Louisan and continues to perform there several times a year. Soul music artists Ike Turner and Tina Turner and jazz innovator Miles Davis began their careers in nearby East St. Louis, Illinois. St. Louis has also been a popular stop along the infamous Chitlin Circuit. Look up ragtime in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Blues music redirects here. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Charles Edward Anderson Chuck Berry (born 18 October 1926, St. ... For other uses, see Soul music (disambiguation). ... Ike Turner (born Ike Wister Turner, November 5, 1931 – December 12, 2007) was an two-time Grammy Award-winning American musician, bandleader, talent scout, and record producer, best known for his work with his then wife Tina Turner as one half of the Ike & Tina Turner duo. ... Tina Turner (born Anna Mae Bullock) November 26, 1939) is an 11 time Grammy Award-winning (sharing three), American Singer, Dancer, Record Producer, Executive Producer, Film Producer, Actress, Writer, Performer, Songwriter, Author and occasional Painter whose career has spanned from 1956 to present. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Miles Dewey Davis III (May 26, 1926 – September 28, 1991) was an American jazz musician, widely considered to be one of the most influential of the 20th century. ... East St. ... The chitlin circuit was the general name given to the string of venues throughout the easter and southern United States that catered primarily to African American audiences. ...


Popular music and entertainment in St. Louis peaked in the 1960s due to the popularity of Gaslight Square[citation needed], a thriving local nightclub district that attracted nationally known musicians and performers. This area was all but extinct by the early 1970s and today is the site of a new housing development. Gaslight Square Saint Louis, Missouri 1953-1972 Gaslight Square was a compact thriving entertainment district that was far more notorious than Bourbon Street at the time. ...


St. Louis is also the home to successful modern musical artists, including Living Things, Sheryl Crow, Gravity Kills, Story of the Year, Modern Day Zero, Stir, Strawfoot, Greenwheel, Ludo, 7 Shot Screamers, MU330 Lye and The Urge. In the 1990s, the metro area produced several prominent alt-country artists, including Uncle Tupelo — a Belleville, Illinois trio often considered the originators of the style, whose members went on to found Wilco and Son Volt in 1994 — and The Bottle Rockets. As of 2007 the alt-country scene has celebrated a resurgence, producing a burgeoning St. Louis Twang Scene, consisting of bands, burlesque dancers and roller derby queens. It is also home to local record label Big Muddy Records. Rap and hip-hop artists include Nelly, The Saint Lunatics, Ali, Murphy Lee, Chingy, Huey, Ebony Eyez, J-Kwon, Jibbs, and others. Around 2005 the indie rock scene in St. Louis really began to develop with bands So Many Dynamos, Jumbling Towers, Gentleman Auction House, and Victoria emerging and garnering national recognition. Living Things are an American rock band based in St. ... Sheryl Suzanne Crow (born February 11, 1962) is an American singer-songwriter and musician. ... Gravity Kills was an American industrial rock band from St. ... Story of the Year (a. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... // History Stir is a band out of St. ... Strawfoot, is a seven piece alt-country/Gothic Americana band from St. ... Greenwheel is an American pop/rock band formed by friends Ryan Jordan, Brandon Armstrong, Andrew Dwiggins and Mark Wanninger in 1999. ... Ludo is a pop-punk band from St. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Lye is a caustic solution used for glass and soap making. ... The Urge is a St. ... Alternative country can refer to several ideas. ... Uncle Tupelo was an alternative country music group from Belleville, Illinois, active between 1987 and 1994. ... , Belleville is a city in St. ... This article is about the music group. ... Son Volt Son Volt is a popular music group formed by Jay Farrar in New Orleans, Louisiana in 1994, after the breakup of the band Uncle Tupelo. ... For other uses, see Bottle rocket (disambiguation). ... Alternative country can refer to several ideas. ... Big Muddy Records is a recently-formed independent record label based in St. ... Rap redirects here. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... For other uses, see Nelly (disambiguation). ... The Saint Lunatics are a hip hop/rap group of five artists from the St. ... Ali (born Ali Jones) is an American Hip-Hop artist. ... Murphy Lee, a. ... Howard Bailey, Jr. ... Lawrence Franks (born September 12, 1987) better known by his stage name Huey or Baby Huey is a rapper from St. ... Ebony Eyez is an African American female rap artist. ... J-Kwon (born Jarrell Jones in March 28, 1986) is a rapper from St. ... Jovan Campbell (Born November 13, 1990 in St. ... Indie rock is a subgenre of rock music often used to refer to bands that are on small independent record labels or that arent on labels at all. ... So Many Dynamos is a rock band from Edwardsville, Illinois, a city in the metro-east St. ... Jumbling Towers is a rock band from St. ...


The theater district of St. Louis is in midtown, which is undergoing a major redevelopment and building boom. This district of the city is known as Grand Center, St. Louis. The phrase can refer to the district itself (which is located within Midtown), or to the not-for-profit agency, Grand Center, Inc. (GCI), which possesses certain quasi-governmental powers and administers arts and urban-renewal programs in the area. The district includes the Fox Theatre, one of the largest live Broadway theaters in the United States, the Powell Symphony Hall, home of the St. Louis Symphony Orchestra, the Saint Louis University Museum of Art, the Museum of Contemporary Religious Art, The Sun Theater (under redevelopment), The St Louis Black Repertory Theater Company[20], the Contemporary Art Museum Saint Louis, the Pulitzer Foundation for the Arts[21], the Sheldon Concert Hall, the Grandel Theatre and many others. The Fox Theatre is one of the theaters in the Grand Center area, the Continental Building is the white structure visible in the rear center of the picture. ... The Fox Theatre is arguably the most spectacular theatres in St. ... Photograph of Powell Symphony Hall Powell Symphony Hall is the home of the Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra. ... The Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra (SLSO) was founded in 1880, making it the second oldest symphony in the United States after the New York Philharmonic. ... With a mission of presenting the best recent visual art and ideas, the Contemporary Art Museum St. ... The Pulitzer Foundation for the Arts opened in 2001 with a building designed by Pritzker Prize-winning architect, Tadao Ando. ... The Sheldon Concert Hallin St. ...


The Muny (short for "The Municipal Opera Association of St. Louis") is located in Forest Park. Seating capacity for every performance is over 13,000 people with 1500 free seats. The Muny has completed its eighty-ninth annual season for the summer of 2007 with the production of Les Misérables. The theater is influential with Actors' Equity Association. The Muny is the largest and oldest outdoor theatre in the United States. ... For the park in New York see Forest Park (Queens) McDonnell Planetarium Jewel Box in Forest Park Old Footbridge in Forest Park Forest Park in St. ... This article is about the original 1862 novel. ... The Actors Equity Association (commonly simply Equity) is the trade union of American theatrical performers and stage managers. ...

Fox Theatre

St. Louis is home to over 81 theatre and dance companies and one of the largest theatrical production companies in the U.S.A. known as The Fox Associates[22]. Fox Associates, L.L.C., was formed in 1981 to purchase, renovate and operate the 4,500-seat Fox Theatre in St. Louis, Missouri. The Fox, which had once been at the center of the St. Louis "movie" theater district[citation needed], had been closed since 1978 and was in need of both a major restoration and new entertainment programming to elevate it once again to its rightful position as the major venue for entertainment in St. Louis. The restoration was completed and in 1982 the Fox reopened as a major entertainment venue for Broadway productions, country stars and rock, pop and jazz artists. It has since become one of the highest grossing theatres in the country. Today, The Fox Associates group has helped produce some of Broadway's biggest hit musicals and has been influential in St. Louis' theater productions. In addition, the St. Louis Metropolitan Area has over 80 theater and dance companies.[citation needed] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


Parks and outdoor attractions

Old footbridge in Forest Park.
Old footbridge in Forest Park.
Missouri Botanical Garden
Missouri Botanical Garden

The city operates 105 parks that serve as gathering spots for neighbors to meet, and contains playgrounds, areas for summer concerts, picnics, baseball games, tennis courts, and lakes. A 19th century footbridge in Forest Park. ... A 19th century footbridge in Forest Park. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 303 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) the maze at the St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 303 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) the maze at the St. ... For other uses, see Concert (disambiguation). ... This article is about the sport. ... For other uses, see Tennis (disambiguation). ...


Forest Park, located on the western edge of the central corridor of the City of St. Louis, is one of the largest urban parks in the world, out sizing Central Park in New York City by 500 acres (2 km²). It offers many of St. Louis's most popular attractions: the Saint Louis Zoological Park, the Municipal Theater (also known as The Muny, the largest and oldest outdoor musical theater in the United States), the St. Louis Science Center (with its architecturally distinctive McDonnell Planetarium), the Saint Louis Art Museum, the Missouri History Museum, several lakes, and scenic, open areas. Forest Park completed a multi-million dollar renovation in 2004 for the centennial of the St. Louis World's Fair. The Zoo, Art Museum, and Science Center are all world-class institutions. The Zoo-Museum Tax District provides them operating funds, so general admission to them, as well as to the History Museum, is free. For the park in New York see Forest Park (Queens) McDonnell Planetarium Jewel Box in Forest Park Old Footbridge in Forest Park Forest Park in St. ... Central Park is a large public, urban park (843 acres, 3. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The Saint Louis Zoological Park is a zoo in Forest Park in St. ... The Muny is the largest and oldest outdoor theatre in the United States. ... The James S. McDonnell Planetarium, thin-shell and hyperboloid structure by Gyo Obata, one component of the St. ... The James S. McDonnell Planetarium, thin-shell and hyperboloid structure by Gyo Obata, one component of the St. ... The façade of the St. ... The Missouri History Museum located in St. ... Entrance to Creation Exhibit on the Pike Map of the St. ...


The Missouri Botanical Garden, also known as Shaw's Garden, is one of the world's leading botanical research centers. It possesses a beautiful collection of flowering plants, shrubs, and trees, and includes the Japanese Garden, which features a lake filled with koi and gravel designs; the woodsy English Garden; the Kemper Home Gardening Center; a rose garden; the Climatron; a children's garden and playground; and many other scenic gardens. Immediately south of the Missouri Botanical Garden is Tower Grove Park, a gift to the City by Henry Shaw. Tower Grove Park is one of the oldest "walking" parks in the United States, and hosts annual outdoor concerts free to the public. Seiwa-en One of the Various Gardens at the Missouri Botanical Garden The Missouri Botanical Garden is a botanical garden located in St. ... Pinguicula grandiflora commonly known as a Butterwort Example of a cross section of a stem [1] Botany is the scientific study of plant life. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Koi can also mean a virtual pet species in Neopets. ... Spaceship Earth in Epcot Center at Walt Disney World is perhaps one of the most famous examples of a large scale geodesic sphere. ... Photo taken in Tower Grove Park near the Stone Shelter. ... Henry Shaw, (born July 24, 1800 in Sheffield, England - died August 25, 1889 in St. ...


The Jefferson National Expansion Memorial is a 90.96 acre national park located on the downtown riverfront where the city was first founded in 1764, and commemorates the westward growth of the United States between 1803 and 1890. The centerpiece of the park is the stainless steel Gateway Arch, which is the most recognizable structure in the city. It was designed by noted architect Eero Saarinen and completed on October 28, 1965. At 630 feet (192 m), it is the tallest man-made monument in the United States. Located below the Arch is the Museum of Westward Expansion, which contains an extensive collection of artifacts and details the story of the thousands of people who lived in and settled the American West during the nineteenth century. Nearby and also part of the memorial is the historic Old Courthouse, one of the oldest standing buildings in St. Louis. Begun in 1839, it was here that the first two trials of the Dred Scott case were held in 1847 and 1850. This park is also the location of the annual July 4 festival, Fair Saint Louis. The Jefferson National Expansion Memorial is located in St. ... The Old Courthouse sits at the heart of the city of Saint Louis, with the arch to the east, near the rivers edge. ... Saarinens Gateway Arch frames The Old Courthouse, which sits at the heart of the city of Saint Louis, near the rivers edge. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Holding Blacks, whether slaves or free, could not become United States citizens and the plaintiff therefore lacked the capacity to file a lawsuit. ... Fourth of July redirects here. ... Fair Saint Louis is an annual festival held during the July 4th holiday in downtown Saint Louis, Missouri, which some locals like to call Americas largest birthday party. ...


Sports

Team Sport League Established Venue Championships
St. Louis Blues Hockey National Hockey League-Western Conference 1967 Scottrade Center 0
St. Louis Cardinals Baseball Major League Baseball-National League 1892 Busch Stadium 10
St. Louis Rams Football National Football League : NFC 1936(1995 for STL) Edward Jones Dome 1
River City Rascals Baseball Frontier League 1999 T.R. Hughes Ballpark 1 (As Zanesville Greys)
Gateway Grizzlies Baseball Frontier League 2001 GCS Ballpark 1
St. Louis Stunners Basketball American Basketball Association 2006 TBA
River City Rage Indoor Football United Indoor Football 2001 Family Arena
St. Louis Aces Tennis World TeamTennis Pro League 1994 Dwight Davis Memorial Tennis Center
Arch Rival Rollergirls Roller Derby WFTDA 2005 All American Sports Mall
St. Louis Hurling Club Hurling North American County Board (NACB) 2002 Tower Grove Park Kennedy Field Forest Park
St. Louis Sabres Women's Rugby Club Rugby USA Rugby 1976 Forest Park

Enthusiastic and knowledgeable fans give the city a reputation as "a top-notch sports town" and "Baseball City USA." The Sporting News rated St. Louis the nation's "Best Sports City" in 2000.[23] The St. Louis Cardinals, one of the oldest franchises in Major League Baseball, have won 10 World Championships, second only to the New York Yankees.[24] The St. ... Hockey is any of a family of sports in which two teams compete by trying to maneuver a ball, or a hard, round disc called a puck, into the opponents net or goal, using a hockey stick. ... NHL redirects here. ... The Western Conference is one of two conferences in the National Hockey League used to divide teams. ... Scottrade Center Scottrade Center (formerly Kiel Center and Savvis Center) is an arena located in downtown St. ... Major league affiliations National League (1892–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 6, 9, 14, 17, 20, 42, 42, 45, 85 Name St. ... This article is about the sport. ... Major Leagues redirects here. ... National league can refer to: National Basketball League, in the United States and Canada, which merged with the rival Basketball Association of America to form the National Basketball Association National Football League, the major American football league in the United States National Hockey League, the major ice hockey league in... This article is about the current sports venue in St. ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1936) National Football League (1937–present) Western Division (1937-1949) National Conference (1950-1952) Western Conference (1953-1969) Coastal Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC West (1970-present) Current uniform Team colors Millennium Blue and New Century Gold Personnel Owner Chip... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... NFL redirects here. ... National Football Conference logo. ... The Edward Jones Dome is a 66,000 seat football stadium in St. ... The River City Rascals are a minor league baseball team and members of the independent Frontier League. ... This article is about the sport. ... The Frontier League, based in Troy, Illinois, is a professional, independent baseball organization located in the Midwestern United States and Western Pennsylvania. ... T.R. Hughes Ballpark is a stadium in OFallon, Missouri. ... The Gateway Grizzlies are a minor league baseball team which plays in Sauget, Illinois. ... This article is about the sport. ... The Frontier League, based in Troy, Illinois, is a professional, independent baseball organization located in the Midwestern United States and Western Pennsylvania. ... GCS Ballpark is a minor league facility in Sauget, Illinois (a suburb of St. ... The St. ... This article is about the sport. ... For information on the original American Basketball Association that existed from 1967 through 1976, see American Basketball Association. ... The River City Rage are a professional indoor football team in the United Indoor Football League. ... Indoor football is a variation of American football with rules modified to make it suitable for play within ice hockey arenas. ... United Indoor Football is an indoor American football league that was started in 2005. ... The Family Arena is a 10,000-seat multi-purpose arena in St. ... The St. ... For other uses, see Tennis (disambiguation). ... The World TeamTennis Pro League enters its 31st season of play in 2006. ... Dwight Davis Tennis Center in Forest Park is the premier outdoor tennis facility in the midwest. ... The Arch Rival Rollergirls is a womens flat-track roller derby league in St. ... For the skate brand of the same name, see Roller Derby (brand). ... WFTDA Logo Founded in April 2004 as the United Leagues Coalition (ULC) and renamed in early 2006, the Womens Flat Track Derby Association (WFTDA) is an association of womens flat track roller derby leagues in the United States. ... This article needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... For the Cornish sport, see Cornish Hurling. ... Photo taken in Tower Grove Park near the Stone Shelter. ... Forest Park may refer to: Towns: Forest Park, Georgia, USA Forest Park, Illinois, USA Forest Park, Ohio, USA Parks: Forest Park (Queens), New York City, USA Forest Park (St. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... The sport of rugby in the United States has always had a close relationship with the sport of American football. ... Forest Park may refer to: Towns: Forest Park, Georgia, USA Forest Park, Illinois, USA Forest Park, Ohio, USA Parks: Forest Park (Queens), New York City, USA Forest Park (St. ... The Sporting News (TSN) is an American-based sports newspaper. ... Major league affiliations National League (1892–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 6, 9, 14, 17, 20, 42, 42, 45, 85 Name St. ... Major Leagues redirects here. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as...

Scottrade Center
Scottrade Center
The Edward Jones Dome
The Edward Jones Dome
A view of the new Busch Stadium from the top of the Gateway Arch.
A view of the new Busch Stadium from the top of the Gateway Arch.
Busch Stadium during its first season.
Busch Stadium during its first season.

The city of St. Louis has earned 12 professional sports championships. The St. Louis Cardinals have won 10 World Series Championships, with one of the championships played against the old cross-city rival St. Louis Browns in 1944. The St. Louis Rams have won one Super Bowl Championship (Super Bowl XXXIV in January 2000), and the St. Louis Hawks (who later moved to Atlanta) gave the city its lone NBA Championship (1958). On top of that, the St. Louis Blues hold the record for most consecutive playoff appearances in all sports with 26 straight, (1980-81 to 2005-06). Despite never winning the Stanley Cup, they have made 3 trips to the finals (1968-1970). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1841x991, 462 KB) The Edward Jones Dome in St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1841x991, 462 KB) The Edward Jones Dome in St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1798x792, 467 KB) Summary Busch Stadium. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1798x792, 467 KB) Summary Busch Stadium. ... This article is about the current sports venue in St. ... The Old Courthouse sits at the heart of the city of Saint Louis, with the arch to the east, near the rivers edge. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... This article is about the current sports venue in St. ... Major league affiliations National League (1892–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 6, 9, 14, 17, 20, 42, 42, 45, 85 Name St. ... For other events named World Series, see World Series (disambiguation). ... This article is about the contemporary American major league baseball team. ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1936) National Football League (1937–present) Western Division (1937-1949) National Conference (1950-1952) Western Conference (1953-1969) Coastal Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC West (1970-present) Current uniform Team colors Millennium Blue and New Century Gold Personnel Owner Chip... The winning Super Bowl team receives the Vince Lombardi Trophy. ... See also: 1999 in sports, other events of 2000, 2001 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Dale Jarrett won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Bobby Labonte Indy Racing League - Buddy Lazier won the season championship Indianapolis 500- Juan Pablo Montoya CART Racing... The Atlanta Hawks are an American professional basketball team based in Atlanta, Georgia. ... The 1957-58 NBA Season was the 12th season of the National Basketball Association. ... The St. ... The Stanley Cup The Stanley Cup (French: ) is the championship trophy of the National Hockey League (NHL), the major professional ice hockey league in Canada and the United States. ...


St. Louis was also home to three prominent twentieth-century boxers, Henry Armstrong, and brothers Leon and Michael Spinks. The two are the only brothers in boxing history to have both captured the Heavyweight boxing title. Leon's son Cory Spinks has also held a world title. For other meanings of these words, see boxing (disambiguation) or boxer. ... Henry Jackson Jr. ... Leon Spinks (born July 11, 1953 in St. ... Michael Spinks, a native of St. ... Cory Spinks (born February 20, 1978 in St. ...


St. Louis has long had a reputation as being one of America's soccer hotbeds, and is home to what is arguably the richest soccer history in the nation. In addition to being the former home of several professional teams, including the St. Louis Stars of the NASL, St. Louis has a strong tradition of prep and select soccer, which is followed very closely by many people in the city. It has been suggested that prep soccer in St. Louis enjoys a similar following to prep hockey in Minnesota. The St. Louis University men's soccer team has made 16 NCAA Final Four appearances, and has won 10 national championships. The team consistently ranks in the Top 10 of all Division I soccer teams in attendance. Of most pride to many St. Louisans was the 1950 World Cup team, which defeated England 1-0, in what is perhaps the greatest upset in World Cup history. Five of the eleven players on the team were from St. Louis, many from the historically Italian neighborhood known as The Hill. This event was chronicled in the 2005 film "The Miracle Match". Certainly noteworthy is that fact that every U.S. World Cup team in history has included at least one St. Louisan on its roster, and there have been 20 St. Louisans elected into the National Soccer Hall of Fame. St. Louis is currently without a Major League Soccer team, but is considered a leading candidate for expansion in 2009. Several current American soccer stars including Taylor Twellman, Steve Ralston, Matt Pickens, Chris Klein, Brad Davis, Mike Sorber, and Pat Noonan, all hail from St. Louis. The St. ... North American Soccer League or (NASL) was a professional soccer league with teams in the United States and Canada that operated from 1968 to 1984. ... Saint Louis University (SLU) is a private, co-educational Roman Catholic university in the United States. ... The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA, often said NC-Double-A) is a voluntary association of about 1200 institutions, conferences, organizations and individuals that organizes the athletics programs of many colleges and universities in the United States. ... The 1950 Football World Cup is the only one which never had a single final match. ... The FIFA World Cup, sometimes called the Football World Cup or the Soccer World Cup, but usually referred to simply as the World Cup, is an international association football (soccer) competition contested by the mens national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA... . ... The Miracle Match is a 2005 drama film, directed by David Anspaugh. ... The National Soccer Hall of Fame is a hall of fame located in Oneonta, New York that honors the best American soccer players, and individuals who have helped build the sport in the United States. ... Major League Soccer (MLS) is a North America professional soccer league. ... Taylor Timothy Twellman (born February 29, 1980 in Minneapolis, Minnesota)[1] is a U.S. soccer player. ... Steve Ralston (born June 14, 1974 in St. ... Matt Pickens (born April 5, 1982 in Washington, Missouri) is an American soccer player, who currently plays goalkeeper for the Chicago Fire of Major League Soccer. ... Chris Klein (born January 4, 1976 in St. ... Bradley Joseph (Brad) Davis (born November 8, 1981 in St. ... Mike Sorber (born May 14, 1971 in Florissant, Missouri) is a former American soccer defensive midfielder. ... Pat Noonan (born August 8, 1980 in Ballwin, Missouri) is an American soccer player, who currently plays striker for the New England Revolution of Major League Soccer. ...


Professional Wrestling also has firm roots in St. Louis. Essentially, three men combined to make the Mound City not only the "Gateway to the West," but the unofficial capital of professional wrestling. The three men were Tom Packs, Sam Muchnick, and Lou Thesz. Wrestling at the Chase was a popular weekly event for hundreds of thousands of fans for several decades, both live and on television. St. Louis is also home to former World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE)Champion and former World Hevyweight Champion Randy Orton. For the NES video game, see Pro Wrestling (video game). ... Tom Packs (1894-1964) was among the preeminent professional wrestling promoters during the first half of the 20th century. ... Sam Munchnick was a professional wrestling promoter from Saint Louis, Missouri. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Wrestling at the Chase was a professional wrestling promotion and TV show that existed in St. ... World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. ... Randal Randy Keith Orton[1] (born on April 1, 1980), nicknamed The Legend Killer, is an American professional wrestler currently signed to World Wrestling Entertainment wrestling on its RAW brand. ...


Although high school sports are not as big in St. Louis as they are in such places as Texas, there are a large amount of well-known local rivalries: SLUH and CBC have played each other for more than 75 years in many sports, the annual "Turkey Day Game" between Webster and Kirkwood draws 15,000 supporters, and high school soccer games are often well attended, drawing upwards of 5,000 people to the bigger games. Recently, a boom in high school hockey has occurred, mostly among students drawn to the sport's freewheeling atmosphere. Address 4970 Oakland Avenue City St. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


In 2006, the College Cup was played at Hermann Stadium on the campus of Saint Louis University. This article lists NCAA Mens soccer championships. ... Hermann Stadium, or fully, Robert R. Hermann Stadium is located in Midtown St. ... Saint Louis University is a private, co-educational Catholic Jesuit university in the United States of America located in St. ...


The Scottrade Center hosted the 2007 Frozen Four college ice hockey tournament on April 5 and April 7, 2007. The Scottrade Center also hosts the annual "Braggin' Rights" game, a men's college basketball rivalry game between the universities of Illinois and Missouri. St. Louis is roughly equidistant from the two campuses. Scottrade Center Scottrade Center (formerly Kiel Center and Savvis Center) is an arena located in downtown St. ... The Frozen Four is the trademarked name of the final two rounds of the NCAA Division I championship of ice hockey in the USA. Schools advance in a single-elimination tournament from four regional sites to a single site, where the national semifinals and final game are played. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Established in 1980, Braggin Rights has been the annual college basketball contest between the Illinois Fighting Illini of the Big Ten Conference and the Big 12s Missouri Tigers. ... A Corner of Main Quad The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC, U of I, or simply Illinois), is the oldest, largest, and most prestigious campus in the University of Illinois system. ... The University of Missouri–Columbia, (abbreviated MU and nicknamed Mizzou) is an institution of higher learning located in Columbia, Missouri, USA. Columbia is the flagship campus in the University of Missouri System with approximately 27,000 students. ...


In March 2005, the Edward Jones Dome in St. Louis hosted the final two rounds of the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship, also known as the Final Four. In April 2009, the Edward Jones Dome will host the NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Championship Final Four. The Edward Jones Dome is a 66,000 seat football stadium in St. ... This article is about NCAA Mens Division I Basketball Championship. ... The NCAA Womens Division I Championship is an annual basketball tournament for women. ...


Gateway International Raceway hosts NHRA Drag Racing and NASCAR racing events 5 miles (8 km) east of the city in Madison, Illinois. Gateway International Raceway is a race track in Madison, Illinois, USA. It hosts a NASCAR Busch Series event and a NASCAR Craftsman Truck Series race on a 1. ... The National Hot Rod Association, known as the NHRA, was founded by Wally Parks in 1951 in the State of California to provide a governing body to organize and promote the sport of drag racing. ... Jeff Burton (99), Elliott Sadler (38), Ricky Rudd (21), Dale Jarrett (88), Sterling Marlin (40), Jimmie Johnson (48), and Casey Mears (41) practice for the 2004 Daytona 500 The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is the largest sanctioning body of motorsports in the United States. ... Madison is a city located in Madison County, Illinois. ...


There are also several minor league teams in the area. The Gateway Grizzlies (Minor League Baseball) of the Frontier League, which plays at GCS Ballpark across the river in Sauget, Illinois. The River City Rascals (Minor League Baseball) also of the Frontier League, play at T.R. Hughes Stadium in nearby O'Fallon, Missouri. The Missouri River Otters (United Hockey League) have now folded; they used to play at Family Arena in St. Charles, Missouri. The River City Rage are an Arena Football team that play in United Indoor Football at Family Arena. The St. Louis Stunners are a basketball team that play in the newly reincarnated American Basketball Association. The Gateway Grizzlies are a minor league baseball team which plays in Sauget, Illinois. ... For the organization which many minor leagues belong to, see Minor League Baseball Part of the History of baseball series. ... The Frontier League, based in Troy, Illinois, is a professional, independent baseball organization located in the Midwestern United States and Western Pennsylvania. ... GCS Ballpark is a minor league facility in Sauget, Illinois (a suburb of St. ... Sauget is a village located in St. ... The River City Rascals are a minor league baseball team and members of the independent Frontier League. ... For the organization which many minor leagues belong to, see Minor League Baseball Part of the History of baseball series. ... The Frontier League, based in Troy, Illinois, is a professional, independent baseball organization located in the Midwestern United States and Western Pennsylvania. ... Motto: Tradition With Vision Coordinates: , Country State County St. ... The Missouri River Otters are a UHL minor league hockey team. ... The United Hockey League (UHL) is a professional ice hockey league with teams in the United States. ... The Family Arena is a 10,000-seat multi-purpose arena in St. ... St. ... The River City Rage are a professional indoor football team in the United Indoor Football League. ... Arena football is a sport invented by Jim Foster, a former executive of the United States Football League and the National Football League. ... United Indoor Football is an indoor American football league that was started in 2005. ... The Family Arena is a 10,000-seat multi-purpose arena in St. ... The St. ... This article is about the sport. ... For information on the original American Basketball Association that existed from 1967 through 1976, see American Basketball Association. ...


St. Louis is also one of the few cities in the country that plays host to local Corkball leagues. Corkball is a "mini-baseball" game featuring a 1.6 oz. ball and bat with a barrel that measures just 1.5". Corkball is St. Louis's classic baseball game. Originally played on the streets and alleys of St. Louis in the early 1900s, today the game has leagues formed around the country as a result of St. Louis servicemen introducing the game to their buddies during World War II and the Korean conflict. It has many of the features of baseball, yet can be played in a very small area because there is no base-running. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Belligerents United Nations: Republic of Korea Australia Belgium Canada Colombia Ethiopia France Greece Luxembourg Netherlands New Zealand Philippines South Africa Thailand Turkey United Kingdom United States Naval Support and Military Servicing/Repairs: Japan Medical staff: Denmark Italy Norway India Sweden DPR Korea PR China Soviet Union Commanders Syngman Rhee Chung...


Nearby Town and Country is home to the Bellerive Country Club, which has hosted several golf major championships, including the 1965 U.S. Open and the 1992 PGA Championship. Bellerive will play host to the 2008 BMW Championship (PGA Tour), September 1-7. Town and Country is an affluent suburb in western St. ... Bellerive Country Club is a golf country club located in Creve Coeur, Missouri, right outside of St. ... The Major Championships, often referred to simply as the Majors are the four most prestigious annual golf tournaments in mens professional golf. ... The BMW Championship, previously known as the Western Open, is the second oldest professional golf tournament in the United States after the U.S. Open. ...


On September 11, 2007, officials announced plans for St. Louis council to build a soccer-specific stadium in Collinsville, which would have paved the way for a St. Louis team to enter Major League Soccer in 2009 as the 16th team; however, MLS decided to award the 16th franchise to Philadelphia instead. is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Collinsville is a city in Madison County, Illinois and partially in St. ... Major League Soccer (MLS) is a North America professional soccer league. ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ...


Media

The St. Louis Post-Dispatch is the region's major daily newspaper. Founded by Joseph Pulitzer in the 1800s, the paper was owned by Pulitzer, Inc. until 2005, when the company was acquired by Lee Enterprises. The company also owns the Suburban Journals, a collection of community newspapers that serve many St. Louis neighborhoods in addition to numerous suburban cities. The St. ... Joseph Pulitzer Joseph Pulitzer (April 18, 1847 – October 29, 1911) was a Hungarian-American publisher best known for posthumously establishing the Pulitzer Prizes and (along with William Randolph Hearst) for originating yellow journalism. ... Founded by legendary yellow-journalist Joseph Pulitzer (who also funded the Pulitzer Prizes, which are not affiliated with the company), Pulitzer, Inc. ... Lee Enterprises (NYSE: LEE) is a publicly traded American media company. ...


The St. Louis Business Journal, published weekly on Fridays, covers the region's business news.


In 1900, St. Louis had at least five daily newspapers: the St. Louis Globe-Democrat and the St. Louis Republic in the morning, and the Post-Dispatch and Star-Chronicle in the afternoon, as well as the German-language Westliche Post. One by one, these papers, already consolidated as evidenced by the hyphenated names, folded or further consolidated. The Post-Dispatch bought out its last remaining afternoon competitor, the Star-Times, in 1951. Until the mid-1980s, the morning Globe-Democrat, which was editorially more conservative than the Post-Dispatch, served as the Post's main rival. Although the Post-Dispatch and the Globe-Democrat began a joint operating agreement in the late 1970s, the Globe-Democrat folded shortly after the Post-Dispatch switched from afternoon to morning publication. An attempt to revive the Globe-Democrat as an independent paper went bankrupt, and a separate attempt to start a new evening paper in 1989, the St. Louis Sun, failed in less than a year. The St. ... A joint operating agreement (JOA) in the sense of this article is an arrangement whereby two daily newspapers published in the same city or geographic area find it convenient to operate certain business aspects together. ...


The city's main weekly newspapers are the various neighborhood papers which together form the "Suburban Journals" and the primary alternative weekly publication is the Riverfront Times. Three weeklies – the St. Louis Argus (est. 1912), St. Louis American (est. 1928), and St. Louis Sentinel (est. 1968) – serve the African-American community. A variety of glossy monthly and quarterly publications, including St. Louis Magazine, cover topics such as local history, cuisine, and lifestyles. St. Louis is also home to the nation's last remaining metropolitan journalism review, the St. Louis Journalism Review, based at Webster University in the suburb of Webster Groves. St. ... St. ... Webster University is an American private university in Webster Groves, a suburb of St. ... Webster Groves is a city in St. ...


The St. Louis metro area is served by a wide variety of local television stations, and is the 21st largest designated market area (DMA) in the U. S., with 1,522,380 homes (1.51% of the total U.S.). The major network television affiliates are KTVI 2 (FOX), KMOV 4 (CBS), KSDK 5 (NBC), KETC 9 (PBS), KPLR 11 (CW), KDNL 30 (ABC), and WRBU 46 (MNTV). A designated market area is a group of counties in the United States that are covered by a specific television station. ... KTVI-TV/KTVI-DT is the Fox owned and operated station in St. ... FOX redirects here. ... KMOV-TV/KMOV-DT, News 4 St. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... KSDK NewsChannel 5 is the NBC television affiliate in St. ... This article is about the television network. ... KETC-TV/DT is the PBS member station in St. ... PBS redirects here. ... KPLR-TV is the WB television network affiliate in St. ... The CW Television Network, normally abbreviated to The CW, also known as The New CW in its first season of the network, is a television network in the United States launched during the 2006 television season. ... KDNL-TV General Information KDNL-TV is the ABC television affiliate in St. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American television network. ... WRBU is the My Network TV television affiliate for the St. ... My Network TV (sometimes written MyNetworkTV, and unofficially abbreviated MNT or MNTV) is an upcoming television network in the United States, owned by News Corporation, which is scheduled to launch on September 5, 2006. ...


The region's radio airwaves offer a variety of locally produced programming. KMOX (1120 AM), which pioneered the call-in talk radio format in 1960, retains significant regional influence due to its 50,000-watt, clear-channel signal and an unusually active newsroom operation. Public radio station KWMU (90.7 FM), an NPR affiliate, also provides extensive, locally produced programming treating social issues, politics, and the arts. St. Louis is one of only a handful of U. S. cities to have its own independent community radio station, KDHX (88.1 FM), which features a wide range of music and talk from local residents. Washington University in St. Louis' college radio station, KWUR (90.3 FM), also provides community broadcasting and an eclectic mix of underground music, although with an effective radiated power of only ten watts, it is only heard on the campus and in the immediately adjacent neighborhoods. General Information KMOX is an AM radio station broadcasting in St. ... For other uses, see Watt (disambiguation). ... A clear channel, in the general sense, is a communications channel (such as a radio frequency) on which only one transmitter operates at a time. ... Public broadcasting (also known as public service broadcasting or PSB) is the dominant form of broadcasting around the world, where radio, television, and potentially other electronic media outlets receive funding from the public. ... Category: ... NPR redirects here. ... Community radio is a type of radio service that caters to the interests of a certain area, broadcasting material that is popular to a local audience but is overlooked by more powerful broadcast groups. ... KDHX station building KDHX is a non-commercial, listener-supported community radio station in St. ... Washington University redirects here. ... Campus radio (also known as college radio, university radio or student radio) is a type of radio station that is run by the students of a college, university or other educational institution. ... KWUR is a radio station in St. ... Underground music is music which has developed a cult following, independent of commercial success. ...


Economy

Many well-known U.S. corporations make St. Louis their home. Beer commercials have made the city well known as the home of Anheuser-Busch Breweries. (Recent legislation has even proposed making Budweiser the official beer of the State of Missouri.[25]) Local brokerages Stifel Nicolaus and Edward Jones, as well as online brokerage firm Scottrade plus Wachovia Securities (formerly A.G. Edwards, merged into Wachovia Corporation) are major players on the national financial landscape. It is also the site for the headquarters of Energizer, the battery company. Neighboring suburbs host Monsanto, formerly a chemical company and now a leader in genetically modified crops, and Solutia, the former Monsanto chemical division that was spun off as a separate company in 1997. Express Scripts, a pharmaceutical benefits management firm, has its corporate headquarters in the suburbs of St. Louis and recently announced plans to construct its new headquarters near the campus of the University of Missouri–St. Louis. Hardee's corporate headquarters lies in the metro area. Enterprise Rent-A-Car is headquartered in Clayton. Emerson Electric is headquartered in the north side of St. Louis. Charter Communications, the nation's fourth largest broadband communications company, is also headquartered in suburban St. Louis. The corporate headquarters of Medicine Shoppe International a subsidiary Katz Group of Companies makes its home in the western suburbs. In addition, early in the 20th Century, St. Louis was home to brass era automobile maker Clymer.[26] St. ... Anheuser-Busch Companies, Inc. ... Stifel Nicolaus is the largest subsidiary of Stifel Financial Corp. ... Edward Jones Investments (Officially ) is a brokerage firm based out of St. ... Scottrade is a privately owned discount retail brokerage firm headquartered in St. ... Categories: Stub | Fortune 500 companies | Financial services companies of the United States ... Wachovia Corporation (NYSE: WB) is a large banking chain in the United States. ... Energizer Holdings (NYSE: ENR), headquartered in St. ... The Monsanto Company (NYSE: MON) is a multinational agricultural biotechnology corporation. ... Genetic engineering, genetic modification (GM), and gene splicing (once in widespread use but now deprecated) are terms for the process of manipulating genes in an organism, usually outside of the organisms normal reproductive process. ... Agriculture refers to the production of goods through the growing of plants, animals and other life forms. ... Solutia Inc. ... The neutrality of this article is disputed. ... The University of Missouri–St. ... Hardees is an American fast-food restaurant chain, located primarily in the Eastern half of the United States in Southern, Southeast, and East Coast regions. ... The Enterprise Rent-A-Car Company is a privately held St. ... Clayton is the county seat of St. ... Emerson Electric Company is a global company based in the United States which ranked 144 on the Fortune 500. ... Charter Communications NASDAQ: CHTR is an American company providing cable television, high-speed Internet, and telephone services to more than 5. ... Katz Group of Companies operates over 1,800 pharmacies in Canada and the United States. ... Car redirects here. ...


In recent years the corporate landscape has evolved, with several corporate pillars leaving the city. Mallinckrodt, headquartered in the St. Louis region for more than 130 years, was purchased by Tyco International in 2000, though most of the former Mallinckrodt facilities remain in operation as the new Tyco Mallinckrodt in the St. Louis suburb of Hazelwood, Missouri. In the Retail industry The May Department Stores Company, which owned Famous-Barr as well as the legendary Marshall Field's, was purchased by Federated Department Stores in 2005. Federated now maintains its Midwest headquarters in St. Louis, known as "Macy’s Midwest" it operates 110 stores in nine states. Southwestern Bell Corporation (SBC), now AT&T, relocated to San Antonio, Texas in 1993 maintaining their Yellow Pages headquarters in St. Louis as well as its Southwest operations center in St. Louis. Ralston Purina, was acquired by the animal human-food maker Nestle, 2001 to make the world's largest food company and renamed the new subsidiary Purina. Many of the Ralston Purina divested business still remain in headquartered St. Louis including the aforementioned Energizer, Ralcorp, Protein Technologies Inc., and Solae. St. Louis remains home to railway car plants; two DaimlerChrysler plants in the nearby suburb of Fenton, where minivans and pickup trucks are built; a General Motors plant in suburban Wentzville. In 1997, St. Louis-based McDonnell-Douglas merged with Boeing. With the new corporate world headquarters in Chicago, St. Louis became the divisional headquarters for Boeing's $27 billion-per-year Integrated Defense Systems unit and home for the company-wide R&D unit, Phantom Works. Boeing manufactures the F/A-18 Super Hornet, F-15 Eagle, and JDAM smart bombs in St. Louis region, and has developed — at times secretly — several unmanned combat air vehicles (UCAVs). Mallinckrodt Incorporated is a set of pharmaceutical, chemical, imaging, and respiratory equipment suppliers based in the St. ... Tyco International Ltd. ... Mallinckrodt Incorporated is a set of pharmaceutical, chemical, imaging, and respiratory equipment suppliers based in the St. ... Hazelwood is a northern suburb in St. ... May Department Stores was founded in 1877 by David May in Leadville, Colorado. ... Famous-Barr, St. ... For other uses, see Marshall Fields (disambiguation). ... Federated Department Stores, Inc. ... SBC Communications NYSE: SBC is an American telecommunications company based in San Antonio, Texas. ... This article is about the current AT&T. For the 1885-2005 company, see American Telephone & Telegraph. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: Counties Bexar County Government  - Mayor Phil Hardberger Area  - City  412. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... For the use in computing, see Yellow Pages (computing). ... Ralston Purina was a major American corporation best known for its production and marketing of animal feeds. ... Nestlé S.A. or Société des Produits Nestlé S.A. (SWX:NESN), headquartered in Vevey, Switzerland, is the worlds biggest food and beverage company. ... Energizer Holdings (formerly Eveready Battery), headquartered in St. ... The Solae Company is a United States soy ingredients supplier based in St. ... DaimlerChrysler AG (ISIN: DE0007100000) is a German car corporation and the worlds eighth largest car manufacturer. ... Fenton or F-town is a city in St. ... A newer minivan (a Plymouth Grand Voyager) A minivan is a type of vehicle developed independently by Matra/Renault and the Chrysler Corporation. ... Pickup truck with extended cabin and homebuilt lumber rack. ... General Motors Corporation (NYSE: GM), also known as GM, is an American automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab and Vauxhall. ... Wentzville is a city located in St. ... McDonnell Douglas was a major American aerospace manufacturer and defense contractor, producing a number of famous commercial and military aircraft. ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661) is a major aerospace and defense corporation, originally founded by William Edward Boeing. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661) is a major aerospace and defense corporation, originally founded by William Edward Boeing. ... The Phantom Works division is the main research and development arm of The Boeing Company. ... The F/A-18 Hornet is an all-weather fighter and attack aircraft. ... The McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle is an all-weather, extremely maneuverable, tactical fighter designed to permit the U.S. Air Force to gain and maintain air superiority in aerial combat. ... The Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM) is a guidance tail kit that converts existing unguided free-fall bombs into accurate, adverse weather smart munitions. ... The Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle (UCAV) is the name of a new class of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) that have been designed to carry out air strikes. ...


As is the trend across the country, most St. Louis banks have been purchased by out-of-town banks, but this has created the establishment of many newly formed banks headquartered in St. Louis.[citation needed] The city retains a Federal Reserve Bank. For other uses, see Bank (disambiguation). ... The Federal Reserve Bank of St. ...


The region has built up a formidable health care industry. This is dominated by BJC HealthCare, which operates Barnes-Jewish Hospital and St. Louis Children's Hospital, plus eleven others. BJC benefits from a symbiotic relationship with Washington University School of Medicine, which is a major center of medical research. Other major players include SSM Health Care, St. John's Mercy, and the Tenet Healthcare Corporation chain. In addition there is Saint Louis University School of Medicine which is a leader in several areas of medical research and works with hospitals including Cardinal Glennon Children's Hospital and Saint Louis University Hospital. St. Louis is also home to two companies that produce radiation therapy planning software, CMS, Inc. and Multidata Systems International. Barnes-Jewish Hospital is located in St. ... St. ... Common Clownfish (Amphiprion ocellaris) in their Magnificent Sea Anemone (Heteractis magnifica) home. ... Washington University School of Medicine, located in St. ... Sponsored by the Franciscan Sisters of Mary and based in St. ... Tenet Healthcare Corporation (NYSE: THC) is a holding company that owns and operates hospitals in the United States. ... lfgpernfk ... SSM Cardinal Glennon Childrens Hospital is a hospital in St. ... Saint Louis University Hospital is a hospital in St. ... Multidata Systems International is a privately-held maker of radiation therapy software based in Saint Louis, Missouri. ...


St. Louis housing costs are significantly (30.7%) below the national average ($217,200). [1] From the mid-1990s onward, the City of St. Louis itself has seen a major surge in housing rehabilitation as well as new construction on cleared sites. As a rule, other costs of living also are at or slightly below the national average. Wages tend to reflect these facts, likewise being at or slightly below the average.


Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1830 4,977
1840 16,469 230.9%
1850 77,860 372.8%
1860 160,773 106.5%
1870 310,864 93.4%
1880 350,518 12.8%
1890 451,770 28.9%
1900 575,238 27.3%
1910 687,029 19.4%
1920 772,897 12.5%
1930 821,960 6.3%
1940 816,048 -0.7%
1950 856,796 5.0%
1960 750,026 -12.5%
1970 622,236 -17.0%
1980 452,801 -27.2%
1990 396,685 -12.4%
2000 348,189 -12.2%
Est. 2006 353,837 1.6%

Like other large American cities, St. Louis experienced a large population shift to the suburbs in the twentieth century; first because of increased demand for new housing following the Second World War, and later in response to demographic changes, namely white flight, whether real or perceived, in existing neighborhoods.[27] The long standing population decline of the city has begun to reverse itself in recent years. Although recent census reports show population growth, St. Louis has had a long history of population decline. Between 1950 and 2000, the city has lost people at a rate faster than any other major American city, losing more than half its population: in 1950, it had a population of 856,796; in 2000, the population was 348,189. As of 2006, the population of St. Louis has shown a small increase to 353,837.[2] The United States Census of 1830 was the fifth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Sixth Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 17,069,453 — an increase of 32. ... The Seventh Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 23,191,876 — an increase of 35. ... The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Ninth United States Census was taken in 1870. ... 1880 US Census The United States Census of 1880 was the tenth United States Census. ... The Eleventh United States Census was taken June 1, 1890. ... 1900 US Census The Twelfth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21. ... The Thirteenth United States Census was taken in 1910. ... The Fourteenth United States Census was taken in 1920. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1930. ... The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7. ... The Seventeenth United States Census was taken in 1950. ... The Eighteenth United States Census was taken in 1960. ... The Nineteenth United States Census was taken in 1970. ... The Twentieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... “Suburbia” redirects here. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... White flight is a term for the demographic trend where working- and middle-class white people move away from increasingly racial-minority inner-city neighborhoods to white suburbs and exurbs. ...


As of the census[28] of 2000, there were 348,189 people, 147,076 households, and 76,920 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,622.9 people per square mile (2,171.2/km²). There were 176,354 housing units at an average density of 2,847.9/sq mi (1,099.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city of St. Louis (as separate and distinct from St. Louis County and the rest of the MSA) was 51.20% African American, 43.85% White, 1.98% Asian, 0.27% Native American, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.80% from other ethnic groups, and 1.88% of two or more ethnicities. Hispanic or Latino of any ethnic group were 2.02% of the population. Historically, North St. Louis City has been primarily African American and South St. Louis City has been primarily European American. Since the mid-1990s, an estimated 35,000 - 45,000 Bosnian immigrants have settled in the St. Louis metropolitan area[29], primarily concentrated in the Bevo neighborhood of south St. Louis and adjacent parts of St. Louis County. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... European American is a term for an American of European descent, who are usually referred as White or Caucasian. ... Combatants Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Predominantly Bosniak) Army of Republika Srpska, Yugoslav Peoples Army, various paramilitary units from Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian) Croatian Defence Council, Croatian Army (Croatian) Commanders Alija Izetbegović (President of Bosnia and Herzegovina) Sefer Halilović (Army chief of staff 1992-1993) Rasim...


There are 147,076 households, out of which 25.4% have children younger than 18 living with them, 26.2% were married couples living together, 21.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.7% were non-families. 40.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 3.19. Matrimony redirects here. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 25.7% younger than 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and older, there were 84.2 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $29,156, and the median income for a family was $32,585. Males had a median income of $31,106 versus $26,987 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,108. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ...


Law and government

The City of St. Louis has a mayor-council type government, with the legislative authority vested in a Board of Aldermen and the mayor having primary executive authority. The Board of Aldermen is made up of 28 members (one elected from each of the city's wards) plus a board president who is elected city-wide. Unlike many other cities, the mayor shares some executive authority with 9 other independent citywide elected officials, including a treasurer, comptroller, and collector of revenue. These officials have significant influence. By custom and tradition the individual aldermen have a great deal of influence over decisions impacting the ward they represent on matters ranging from zoning changes, to street resurfacing. Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments. ... This is a listing of all those that have served as the Mayor of the City of St. ...


Municipal elections in St. Louis city are held in odd numbered years, with the primary elections in March and the general election in April. The mayor is elected in odd numbered years following the United States Presidential Election, as are the aldermen representing odd-numbered wards. The President of the Board of Aldermen and the aldermen from even-numbered wards are elected in the off-years. The Democratic Party has dominated St. Louis city politics for decades. The city has not had a Republican mayor since 1949 and the last time a Republican was elected to another city-wide office was in the 1970s. As of 2006, 27 of the city's 28 Aldermen are Democrats. Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... GOP redirects here. ...


Although St. Louis City and County separated in 1876, some mechanisms have been put in place for joint funding management and funding of regional assets. The St. Louis Zoo-Museum district collects property taxes from residents of both St. Louis City and County and the funds are used to support cultural institutions including the St. Louis Zoo, St. Louis Art Museum and the Missouri Botanical Gardens. Similarly, the Metropolitan Sewer District provides sanitary and storm sewer service to the city and much of St. Louis County. The Bi-State Development Agency (now known as Metro) runs the region's MetroLink light rail system and bus system. The Saint Louis Zoological Park is a zoo in Saint Louis, Missouri. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Categories: US geography stubs | Botanical gardens | Missouri landmarks | Saint Louis, Missouri ... MetroLink is a light rail transit system in the Greater St. ...


The City of St. Louis is split roughly in half north to south by Missouri's first and third U.S. Congressional districts. Each district also includes a significant portion of St. Louis County. The City of St. Louis includes all of 9 Missouri House of Representatives districts and a portion of two others. Two Missouri State Senate districts are entirely within the city's boundaries and a third district is split between St. Louis City and County.[citation needed] A congressional district is an electoral constituency that elects a single member of a congress. ... The Missouri State House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the Missouri General Assembly It has 163 members, representing districts with an average size of 31,000 residents. ... The Missouri State Senate is the upper chamber of the Missouri General Assembly. ...


Crime and social issues

The City of St. Louis has one of the highest per-capita crime rates in the United States and has ranked among the nation's top ten in crime for years. According to FBI statistics, the city ranked third in 2005 in the country's highest murder rates for cities above 250,000.[30] According to Morgan Quitno's "14th Annual America's safest/most dangerous cities" report, St. Louis dropped from the number one "Most Dangerous" city in America in 2006 back to the number two most dangerous city in America in 2007.[31] In the year between, overall crime dropped 15.6%, reaching a 35-year low, but homicides increased by seven to total 138.[32] Reports such as these have long given St. Louis the perception of being a high crime area. However, the FBI and some criminologists do dispute making these rankings, maintaining that it is difficult to compare statistics between cities.[32] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... F.B.I. and FBI redirect here. ... Morgan Quitno Press is an research and publishing company based out of Lawrence, Kansas. ...

Present 14th Street Mall
Present 14th Street Mall
Future 14th Street Mall

For the past 25 years, St. Louis has a number of successful integrated neighborhoods in the "central corridor" stretching from Soulard, home of the nation's second largest annual Mardi Gras Festival and Parade, to Lafayette Square near the Mississippi River and the Central West End near Forest Park. Overall, however, the city's African American population is concentrated in north St. Louis city. Although some northern St. Louis neighborhoods, such as Baden, North Pointe and Penrose, are stable and have a large number of middle-class residents, many isolated northside neighborhoods suffer from poverty, unemployment, crime and dilapidated housing.[citation needed] More recently, a number of near southside neighborhoods, especially around Tower Grove Park, have also successfully integrated. These areas have seen an influx of residents of various ethnicities, including Vietnamese and other immigrant groups.[citation needed] Since the upheavals in the Balkans, many Bosnian refugees have been settled in south St. Louis City, particularly in the Bevo neighborhood. They have been responsible for an upturn in the economic situation there as they have opened stores, restaurants, and other businesses.[citation needed] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 449 pixel Image in higher resolution (2600 × 1460 pixel, file size: 703 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): St. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 449 pixel Image in higher resolution (2600 × 1460 pixel, file size: 703 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): St. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Historic Soulard Soulard (soo-lard) is a historic French neighborhood in St. ... For other uses, see Mardi Gras (disambiguation). ... Row Houses in the Lafayette Square neighborhood Lafayette Square is a neighborhood in St. ... The Central West End is a distinct neighborhood in St. ... For the park in New York see Forest Park (Queens) McDonnell Planetarium Jewel Box in Forest Park Old Footbridge in Forest Park Forest Park in St. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Photo taken in Tower Grove Park near the Stone Shelter. ...


The St. Louis area has made tremendous strides in remedying pollution compared to other MSAs. The state of Missouri requires gasoline stations in the metro area to sell special, reformulated gasoline. Most cars owned by residents of St. Louis and the counties of St. Louis, St. Charles, Jefferson, and Franklin must pass an automobile pollution test every other year.[citation needed] St. Louis recently became one of the first cities in the country (prior to New York, Chicago, and San Francisco) to be recognized by the United States Green Building Council as having a LEED for Homes Platinum residence.[citation needed] The regional Realtor multiple listing service was just the 3rd system in the country to add green home attributes and certifications (LEED-H, HBA-GBI, and Energy Star) as search criteria.[citation needed] This is evidence of "green building" in the metro area. Air pollution Pollution is the introduction of pollutants (whether chemical substances, or energy such as noise, heat, or light) into the environment to such a point that its effects become harmful to human health, other living organisms, or the environment. ...


As of July 1, 2005, the city of St. Louis extended healthcare benefits to the domestic partners of all city employees, including same-sex partners and others living in committed but unmarried relationships, as well as children of such families.[citation needed] is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... International recognition Civil unions and Domestic partnerships Recognized in some regions Unregistered co-habitation Recognition debated See also Same-sex marriage Civil union Registered partnership Domestic partnership Timeline of same-sex marriage Listings by country This box:      A domestic partnership is a legal or personal relationship between individuals who live...


Education

Main article: Education in St. Louis, Missouri

The 168-year-old St. ...

Public education

Within the city proper, the 168-year-old St. Louis Public School District [2] controls the 92 schools in the public school system. With more than 38,000 students, the district is the largest in the state of Missouri and the 108th largest in the nation.[citation needed] In July of 2006, the district fired superintendent Dr. Creg E. Williams, and Dr. Diana Bourisaw was hired in July 2006 as his replacement.[citation needed] Subsequently, the Missouri Board of Education voted to revoke the districts accreditation, igniting controversy.[citation needed] The district is currently pushing ahead with its 2011 initiative, which calls for improved graduation rates, higher test scores, and stronger student attendance.[citation needed] Many smaller public districts are defined throughout the wider St. Louis area. The MAP, or Missouri Assessment Program, is a system of standardized tests which students take yearly; not so much a measure of students' individual aptitude as an overall assessment of their schools and districts, scores are used as indicators of the institutions' efficiency, and many factors, especially distribution of public funds, are determined based on student performance.[citation needed] St. ...


Private education

St. Louis has an abundance of private high schools, both secular and religiously affiliated, including a multitude of Catholic high schools. The St. Louis Metropolitan area has the largest amount of Catholic High Schools in the nation, and a host of other denominational secondary private schools.[citation needed]


Higher education

For a complete list of colleges and universities in the St. Louis Metropolitan area, see Colleges and Universities in Greater St. Louis The 168-year-old St. ...

Brookings Hall at Washington University in St. Louis
Brookings Hall at Washington University in St. Louis
Dubourg Hall, the administration building of Saint Louis University
Dubourg Hall, the administration building of Saint Louis University

According to the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey 21.4 percent of the adult population in St. Louis holds a bachelors degree compared with the national average of 27 percent. Almost 209,000 students are enrolled in the area's nearly 40 colleges universities and technical schools. Washington University in St. Louis and Saint Louis University are the two largest private universities in St. Louis, though most of Washington University is in St. Louis County. St. Louis is also home to Concordia Seminary, the largest Lutheran seminary in the United States. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1157x744, 473 KB) Summary Brookings hall - the most photogenic and recognizable building at Washington University in St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1157x744, 473 KB) Summary Brookings hall - the most photogenic and recognizable building at Washington University in St. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Slu_dubourg_1888. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Slu_dubourg_1888. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Washington University redirects here. ... Saint Louis University is a private, co-educational Catholic Jesuit university in the United States of America located in St. ... St. ...


In 2006 approximately 5,287 associates degrees were granted, almost a third of these from the St. Louis Community Colleges. As the largest Community college system in the state of Missouri, more than half of the households in St. Louis have at least one member who attended or attends the college. Outside the city, the University of Missouri–St. Louis is the major comprehensive public university in Greater St. Louis and more than 20 percent of all St. Louis area residents with a bachelor degree attended UM-St. Louis.[citation needed] St. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The University of Missouri–St. ...


Infrastructure

Medicine

Due to its colleges, hospitals, and companies like Monsanto, St. Louis is respected as a center of medicine and biotechnology. Barnes-Jewish Hospital, in conjunction with the Washington University School of Medicine, is the fifth largest in the world. In addition, the School of Medicine consistently ranks in the top five nationally. Washington University School of Medicine and Barnes-Jewish Hospital also operate the new and well-respected Siteman Cancer Center. The Genome Sequencing Center, also part of the Washington University School of Medicine, played a major role in the Human Genome Project. Pfizer, the world's largest pharmaceutical company, operates one of its three major US research sites in western St. Louis County where it is completing work on an additional 330,000-square-foot (31,000 m²) building. Additional biotechs include the Danforth Center, the Solae Company and Sigma-Aldrich. Saint Louis University Medical School awarded the first medical degree west of the Mississippi River; it operates the Saint Louis University Hospital as well as a cancer center and a bioethics institute, and is affiliated with SSM Cardinal Glennon Children's Hospital. The Monsanto Company (NYSE: MON) is a multinational agricultural biotechnology corporation. ... Insulin crystals Biotechnology is technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science, and medicine. ... Barnes-Jewish Hospital is located in St. ... Washington University redirects here. ... Washington University School of Medicine, located in St. ... Washington University School of Medicine, located in St. ... The Human Genome Project (HGP) is an international scientific research project. ... Pfizer Incorporated (NYSE: PFE) is a major pharmaceutical company, which ranks number one in the world in sales[2]. The company is based in New York City. ... Sigma-Aldrich Corporation NASDAQ: SIAL, headquartered in St. ... Saint Louis University is a private, co-educational Catholic Jesuit university in the United States of America located in St. ... Saint Louis University Hospital is a hospital in St. ... SSM Cardinal Glennon Childrens Hospital is a hospital in St. ...


Transportation

Interstate 70 in downtown St. Louis
Interstate 70 in downtown St. Louis

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 855 KB) Summary Interstate 70 passing through downtown St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 855 KB) Summary Interstate 70 passing through downtown St. ... Interstate 70 (abbreviated I-70) is a long interstate highway in the United States that runs from Interstate 15 about a mile from Cove Fort, Utah to a Park and Ride in Baltimore, Maryland. ...

Roads and highways

St. Louis' transportation infrastructure is diverse for an American city. Use of the automobile is supported by the existence of many interstate freeways (I-70, I-55, I-44, I-64, I-255, I-170, and I-270), as well as numerous state and county roadways. Beginning in the summer of 2007, I-64 will be under construction for renovation and improvements. In 2007, the interchange between I-170 and I-64 will be demolished and a new interchange will be added. In 2008 the portion of the I-64 expressway between Ballas Rd. and I-170 will be closed and reconstructed.[33] Interstate Highways in the 48 contiguous states. ... Interstate 70 (abbreviated I-70) is a long interstate highway in the United States that runs from Interstate 15 about a mile from Cove Fort, Utah to a Park and Ride in Baltimore, Maryland. ... Interstate 55 (abbreviated I-55) is an interstate highway in the central United States. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 44 Interstate 44 (abbreviated I-44) is an interstate highway in the central United States. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 64 Interstate 64 (abbreviated I-64) is an Interstate Highway in the eastern United States. ... Interstate 255 (abbreviated I-255) is a bypass route of Interstate 55 near St. ... Interstate 170 (abbreviated I-170) is the designation for an interstate route in the St. ... This lead needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... Interstate 170 (abbreviated I-170) is the designation for an interstate route in the St. ...


In 2009 the portion of the I-64 expressway between I-170 and Kingshighway will be closed and reconstructed. This will significantly impact the flow of east-west traffic right through the heart of the city.[citation needed] All info about the expressway project can be found at http://www.thenewi64.org. The city in 2006 was listed as having the ninth worst traffic communtes in the country [3]. However, the city has a new traffic monitoring system: The Gateway Guide [4]. This system informs communters of drive times and accident/road construction via message boards throughout the metropolitan freeways. Most media outlets use the systems' hundreds of traffic cameras to monitor traffic conditions as well.[citation needed]


Airports

Lambert-St. Louis International Airport
Lambert-St. Louis International Airport

Lambert-St. Louis International Airport is located in suburban northwest St. Louis County, but is owned and operated by the city of St. Louis. American Airlines and Southwest Airlines have the greatest number of flights serving the airport.[citation needed] In 2003, the number of flights operated at the airport had been sharply reduced with the acquisition by American Airlines of TWA and the reduction of service by the combined airline.[citation needed] American Airlines retains Lambert-St. Louis International Airport as its fourth largest hub worldwide.[citation needed] In 2007, many of the reduction in flights and non-stop services have been added again by American Airlines and new carriers to STL.[citation needed] Today, non-stop service to over 90 cities throughout the country and world are available from Lambert.[citation needed] Southwest Airlines and Great Lakes Airlines also use St. Louis as focus hubs today.[citation needed] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 435 pixelsFull resolution (2832 × 1539 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 435 pixelsFull resolution (2832 × 1539 pixel, file size: 1. ... Lambert-St. ... Lambert-St. ... American Airlines, Inc. ... This article is about the American airline. ... American Airlines, Inc. ... The Twa, also known as Batwa, are a pygmy people who were the oldest recorded inhabitants of the Great Lakes region of central Africa. ... American Airlines, Inc. ... Lambert-St. ... American Airlines, Inc. ... This article is about the American airline. ... Great Lakes Airlines, formerly Great Lakes Aviation, is an American airline based in Cheyenne, Wyoming, USA. It is a regional airline operating domestic scheduled and charter services. ...


MidAmerica St. Louis Airport is located 25 miles (40 km) east of the city[34] in Illinois adjacent to Scott Air Force Base. Constructed as a reliever airport to Lambert, it has failed to attract any major airlines, primarily due to its distance from downtown and low population in its immediate vicinity in spite of free parking and proximity to the light rail system.[citation needed] Shortly after its opening, it was used by some smaller airlines, including Pan Am, an airline operating a few Boeing 727s and not related to the original Pan American World Airways.[citation needed] MidAmerica St. ... Scott Air Force Base (Scott AFB) (IATA: BLV, ICAO: KBLV) is an base of the United States Air Force in St. ... Pan Ams seaplane terminal at Dinner Key in Miami, Florida, was a hub of inter-American travel during the 1930s and 1940s. ...


Spirit of St. Louis Airport, located in nearby Chesterfield, Missouri is the second largest of the country's general aviation airports, with the first being Van Nuys Airport located in California.[citation needed] Spirit of St. ... Chesterfield is an affluent suburb in western St. ... A general aviation scene at Kemble Airfield, England. ... Van Nuys Airport (IATA: VNY, ICAO: KVNY, FAA LID: VNY) is a public airport located in Van Nuys, California in the San Fernando Valley, within the Los Angeles city limits. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


Public transportation

Public transit serving the St. Louis area is predominantly provided by Metro (formerly known as the Bi-State Development Agency). Metro is a bi-state agency that operates most of the region's bus system and MetroLink, the region's light-rail system. MetroLink provides service on two lines that connect Lambert-St. Louis International Airport to Downtown St. Louis, Central and southern suburban St. Louis, Clayton, Missouri (St. Louis' second largest business district), and the metro east suburbs in Illinois.[citation needed] MetroLink runs principally on surface rights of way, with a number of grade separated crossings of major roadways. In the central business district, the system runs in a subway that had been disused for decades.[citation needed] Madison County Transit provides bus service to downtown from nearby Madison County, Illinois. MetroLink system The Bi-State Development Agency is the formal name of an interstate compact formed by Missouri and Illinois in 1949. ... MetroLink is a light rail transit system in the Greater St. ... A Citadis tram of the Luas system in Dublin, Ireland Changchun LRT, China Shanghai Metro transit station, China A METRORail train approaching Preston Station in downtown Houston, Texas, USA. A LYNX light rail train from Charlotte, North Carolina, USA. The Guadalajara urban L-train system (SITEUR), at first a trolleybus... Lambert-St. ... Clayton is the county seat of St. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. ...


Passenger train service is available via Amtrak to Chicago, Kansas City, and Texas from the St. Louis Amtrak station just southeast of Union Station. A new Multi-Modal transportation center, known as The Gateway Transportation Center, is under construction. It will serve as a hub for Metro buses, MetroLink rail, Greyhound buses, and Amtrak. The new station is expected to be completed by early 2008.[35] Other regional train stations served by Amtrak exist in the suburb of Kirkwood and nearby Alton, Illinois. Vermonter at the Brattleboro, Vermont, station, 18 March 2004. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... St. ... St. ... This article is about the US bus line. ... Kirkwood is a city in St. ... Historic Alton Home Alton is a city in Madison County, Illinois, United States, about 15 miles north of St. ...


In the first half of the 20th century, St. Louis enjoyed a moderately extensive streetcar system, but after World War II, streetcar service was gradually phased out, and in 1966 the very last line stopped running.[citation needed] Although nothing comparable to the old system exists today,[citation needed] many bus routes and a few segments of MetroLink closely follow the former streetcar lines.[citation needed] MetroLink is a light rail transit system in the Greater St. ...


Sister cities

St. Louis has twelve sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International: Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ... Sister Cities International is a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting and fostering town twinning, especially between cities in the United States and cities in other countries. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... For the food product, see Bologna sausage. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference M300256 Statistics Province: Connacht County: Dáil Éireann: Galway West European Parliament: North-West Dialling Code: 091 Postal District(s): G Area: 50. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Indonesia. ... Nickname: Kota Hujan (City of Rain) Location of Bogor in Indonesia Coordinates: Government  - Mayor Diani Budiarto Time zone WIB (UTC+7) Area code(s) 0251 Website: www. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guyana. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the French city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... For other uses, see Nanjing (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Senegal. ... Saint-Louis, or Ndar as it is called in Wolof, is the capital of Senegals Saint-Louis Region. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... This article is about about the city in Russia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... For other uses, see Stuttgart (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Suwa (諏訪市; -shi) is a city located in Nagano, Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Stettin redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Yokneam (Hebrew: יקנעם) (also transliterated YoqneÊ»am) is a town in a scenic hilly region of the lower Galilee in northern Israel that has developed a reputation for itself as a technology center. ...

See also

The Bottle District is a six-block area north of Downtown St. ... East St. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Fair Saint Louis is an annual festival held during the July 4th holiday in downtown Saint Louis, Missouri, which some locals like to call Americas largest birthday party. ... The Great Flood of 1993 occurred in the American Midwest, along the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers and their tributaries, from April to October of 1993. ... Greater St. ... This is a listing of all those that have served as the Mayor of the City of St. ... Route 66 redirects here. ... Metro-East is a region in Illinois that comprises the eastern suburbs St. ... St. ... . ... St. ... St. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A typical St. ... Toasted ravioli is an appetizer that is most abundantly available near Saint Louis, Missouri, though it is on the menu of every Olive Garden restaurant. ... Ted Drewes is a well-known frozen custard shop in St. ... Gooey Butter Cake is a type of cake traditionally made in St. ... The St. ...

References

  1. ^ Visiting the Gateway to The West. Globosapians. Retrieved on 2008-05-15.
  2. ^ a b c Accepted Challenges to Vintage 2006 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2007-05-15.
  3. ^ Missouri QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau
  4. ^ http://stlcin.missouri.org/history/eventdetail.cfm?Master_ID=327
  5. ^ Hoffhaus. (1984). Chez Les Canses: Three Centuries at Kawsmouth. Kansas City: Lowell Press. ISBN 0-913504-91-2.
  6. ^ http://www.usgennet.org/usa/mo/county/stlouis/attack.htm
  7. ^ Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877-1925 (New York: Bonanza Books, 1950), p.32.
  8. ^ Population of the 100 Largest Urban Places: 1900. U.S. Census Bureau (15 June 1998). Retrieved on 2007-01-29.
  9. ^ 1904 Summer Olympics. International Olympics Committee.
  10. ^ St. Louis: From Carthage to Rising Phoenix. Rental Car Tours (Demographia). Retrieved on 2007-12-17.
  11. ^ Spence Jackson (2006-12-08). Steinhoff Congratulates St. Louis on Receiving Urban Renewal Award. Missouri Department of Economic Development. Retrieved on 2008-02-18.
  12. ^ State of Missouri Report.
  13. ^ http://www.rftstl.com/2000-12-06/news/a-sewer-runs-through-it/
  14. ^ St. Louis weather records at NOAA.
  15. ^ Historical Weather for St. Louis, Missouri. Retrieved on 2007-12-12.
  16. ^ Weatherbase: Historical Weather for St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America. Retrieved on 2007-01-29.
  17. ^ [http://www.slso.org/musc/orchhist.htm Saint Louis Symphony History]
  18. ^ Arianna String Quartet
  19. ^ Saint Louis Chamber Chorus
  20. ^ http://www.theblackrep.org
  21. ^ The Pulitzer Foundation for the Arts
  22. ^ Fox Associates
  23. ^ Best Sports Cities 2000. The Sporting News. Retrieved on 2007-01-29.
  24. ^ ESPN - MLB World Series Winners - Major League Baseball
  25. ^ Bill would make Budweiser Missouri's official beer. St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved on 2008-03-11.
  26. ^ Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877-1925 (New York: Bonanza Books, 1950), p.178.
  27. ^ Gibson, Campbell (June, 1998). POPULATION OF THE 100 LARGEST CITIES AND OTHER URBAN PLACES IN THE UNITED STATES: 1790 TO 1990. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on December 12, 2007.
  28. ^ American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  29. ^ Exhibit details Bosnia ethnic cleansing, Newsweek, January 18, 2008
  30. ^ Christopher Leonard (2006-10-30). St. Louis Named Most Dangerous U.S. City. Associated Press.
  31. ^ Munz, Michelle (2008-01-13). St. Louis drops to 2nd most dangerous. Retrieved on 2008-01-23.
  32. ^ a b St. Louis reports 15.6 percent drop in crime. Associated Press (2008-01-13). Retrieved on 2008-01-23.
  33. ^ I-64 Headlines: October 29, 2007 - I-64 Closes January 2; All Lanes Closed From Ballas to I-170 for One Year. Missouri Department of Transporation. Retrieved on 2007-12-11.
  34. ^ http://www.flymidamerica.com/admin/directions.htm
  35. ^ Daniel, O'Malley. "Construction begins on integrated transit hub downtown", West End Word, 2006-04-05. Retrieved on 2007-01-28. 

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 342nd day of the year (343rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Sporting News (TSN) is an American-based sports newspaper, currently affiliated with the Fox network. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Newsweek logo Newsweek is a weekly news magazine published in New York City and distributed throughout the United States and internationally. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Find more about St. Louis, Missouri on Wikipedia's sister projects:
Dictionary definitions
Textbooks
Quotations
Source texts
Images and media
News stories
Learning resources
  • St. Louis, Missouri is at coordinates 38°38′N 90°12′W / 38.63, -90.20 (St. Louis, Missouri)Coordinates: 38°38′N 90°12′W / 38.63, -90.20 (St. Louis, Missouri)

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m