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Encyclopedia > St. John Ambulance
St John Ambulance vehicle in a London street.
St John Ambulance vehicle in a London street.

St. John Ambulance is the common name used by a number of affiliated organisations in different countries dedicated to the teaching and practice of medical first aid and the provision of ambulance services, all of which derive their origins from the St. John Ambulance Association founded in the United Kingdom in 1877. Each national group falls within the charge of a Priory of the Venerable Order of Saint John in which each Priory ranks alongside the others. It is not to be confused with the Sovereign Military Order of Malta or other members of the Alliance of the Orders of St. John. There are also "copycat" organisations using the St. John name which are not generally recognised by members of the Alliance of Orders of St. John. The legal status of each organisation varies by country, in both England and Wales the resident St. John Ambulance organisations are simultaneously but separately registered as charities and companies; differently, St. John Ambulance South Africa (for the sake of example) is a distinct entity registered as a Public Benefit Organisation. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1768x1333, 563 KB) Saint John ambulance in a London street. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1768x1333, 563 KB) Saint John ambulance in a London street. ... First aid is a series of simple, life-saving medical techniques that a non-doctor or layman can be trained to perform. ... An ambulance in San Jose del Cabo, Mexico A Helicopter used as an Ambulance. ... 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... HRH The Duke of Gloucester is Grand Prior of the Venerable Order of Saint John. ... Motto Tuitio Fidei et Obsequium Pauperum(Latin) Defence of the faith and assistance to the poor Anthem (Latin) Hail, thou White Cross Capital Palazzo Malta, Rome Official languages Italian Government  -  Grand Master Fra Andrew Bertie Currency Scudo The Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes and... The term copycat (also written as copy-cat or copy cat) refers to the tendency of humans to duplicate the behavior of others, as expressed in the saying, monkey see, monkey do. ... // Legal definitions A charity is a trust, company or unincorporated association established for charitable purposes only. ... A company in the broadest sense is an aggregation of people who stay together for a common purpose. ...

Contents

Name and motto

The unusual name of the organisation has been known to cause confusion to members of the public, and many people often assume that the "St. John" prefix indicates a church related organisation. In fact, in its modern form, the prefix refers to the Order of St. John (which in fact is a religious organisation) and is used as an adjective. However, it is often assumed to be used as a noun, and this leads to the organisation being frequently incorrectly termed "St. John's Ambulance", a long standing source of irritation to some members. This is further perpetuated since members on duty are often referred to collectively as "St. John's". In terms of the Order, the original allegiance was to John the Baptist; this allegiance is not however inherited by St. John Ambulance. For the architectural structure, see Church (building). ... HRH The Duke of Gloucester is Grand Prior of the Venerable Order of Saint John. ... St. ...


The order's mottoes are Pro fide (For the faith) and Pro utilitate hominum (For the service of mankind). The 'Priory of England and the Islands' has recently replaced the Latin mottoes with a single English sentence: "For the faith and in the service of humanity", which some see as a controversial move. However in December 2006 it was agreed by Priory Council that this move should be partially reversed and the Latin mottoes were reintroduced in the Cadet Code of Chivalry (Cadets are members of St. John aged 10-18).


Structure

International priories

Falling under the direction of the Order of St. John, St. John Ambulance mirrors the structure of the Order. The Order is divided internationally into Priories, reflecting the monastic history of the original Knights Hospitaller. However, these modern priories are not monastic in nature and are used purely as terminology within the organisation. Eight priories are prescribed by the Order of St. John Regulations: HRH The Duke of Gloucester is Grand Prior of the Venerable Order of Saint John. ... A priory is an ecclesiastical circumscription run by a prior. ... Baron Vassiliev, a 19th-century Knight Commander The Knights Hospitaller (also known as the Sovereign Order of Saint John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta, Knights of Malta, Knights of Rhodes, and Chevaliers of Malta) was an organization that began as an Amalfitan hospital founded in Jerusalem in 1080...

  • The Priory of England and the Islands
  • The Priory of Scotland
  • The Priory in Australia
  • The Priory of Canada
  • The Priory in New Zealand
  • The Priory for South Africa
  • The Priory in the United States of America
  • The Priory for Wales

The Priory of England and the Islands is the home priory of the Order, and any country which does not belong to its own dedicated priory is assumed into this home priory. Most of these are small Commonwealth islands, or countries in which there is only a minor presence. The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2006 Headquarters Marlborough House, London, UK Official languages English Membership 53 sovereign states Leaders  -  Queen Elizabeth II  -  Secretary-General Don McKinnon (since 1 April 2000) Establishment  -  Balfour Declaration 18 November 1926   -  Statute of Westminster 11 December 1931   -  London Declaration 28 April 1949  Area  -  Total...


That said, the relationship between the Order of St. John and St. John Ambulance is not directly paralleled. Most members of St. John Ambulance are not themselves members of the Order and vice versa, so a major presence of the Order does not dictate a major presence of St. John Ambulance. Most notably, the Order of St. John is a Christian organisation, whereas St John Ambulance is keen to ensure there is no allegiance to any particular religion or denomination, so as to remain available to all. This explains somewhat why a breakdown into Priories may not be tantamount to a breakdown of St. John Ambulance. St. John Ambulance works on a more geographical nature than the Order, and has to contend with the differing national laws, medical practices and cultures of countries.


St. John Ambulance is a ranked organisation, and members fall into a hierarchical structure of command. St. John Ambulance ranks run from Corporals, through Sergeants and Officers all the way up to high national ranks. Ranks vary between Priories, however, and it is hard to generalise the structure too much from an international perspective. Ranks and Insignia Based upon the British Army officer and the British Army other ranks structure and insignia, the original ranks of the St John Ambulance Brigade had several modifications. ...


National and regional organisations

Due to the significant differences between St. John Ambulance in different countries, separate articles are provided for each independent presence:

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... St. ... St. ... Hong Kong St. ... Logo of SJAB The St. ... A branch of the St John Ambulance was first founded in Christchurch, New Zealand in 1885. ... Logo of SJAB Singapore St John Ambulance Singapore is a voluntary organisation in Singapore which provides training in First Aid and Home Nursing. ...

Ophthalmic Hospital in Jerusalem

Another foundation the Order of St. John maintains is the Ophthalmic Hospital in Jerusalem, which provides comprehensive patient care and nursing treatment to sufferers from eye disease in the Jerusalem region. For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ...


Key dates

  • 1511: The young King Henry VIII was named protector of the Order .
  • 1540: The original Order of St. John, the Knights Hospitallers is disbanded in England by Henry VIII.
  • 1826: An idea to re-establish the Order within England is put forward by some remaining French Knights of the original worldwide Order.
  • 1841: The "St. John's Day Declaration" is prepared to seek official recognition of the new English Order by the original Order, now known as SMOM.
  • 10 July 1877: St. John Ambulance Association formed to teach first-aid in large railway centres and mining districts.
  • June 1887: St. John Ambulance Brigade is formed as an uniformed organisation to provide a First Aid and Ambulance services at public events.
  • 14 May 1888: English Order of St. John is granted royal charter by Queen Victoria.
  • 1908: By mutual agreement with St. Andrew's Ambulance Association, St John Ambulance Association ceased operating in Scotland but the Order continued to operate.
  • 1999 The Order of St John celebrated its 900th anniversary worldwide
  • 2004 St John Ambulance launched its new Youth Programme (5-25 Express).
  • 2 April 2007: St. John Ambulance in the UK changed its corporate image (most notably by dropping the '.' as well as the "caring for life" tagline).

Year 1511 (MDXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England and Lord of Ireland (later King of Ireland) from 22 April 1509 until his death. ... Year 1540 was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Baron Vassiliev, a 19th-century Knight Commander The Knights Hospitaller (also known as the Sovereign Order of Saint John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta, Knights of Malta, Knights of Rhodes, and Chevaliers of Malta) was an organization that began as an Amalfitan hospital founded in Jerusalem in 1080... The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Knights Hospitaller (the or Knights of Malta or Knights of Rhodes) is a tradition which began as a Benedictine nursing Order founded in the 11th century based in the Holy Land, but soon became a militant Christian Chivalric Order under its own charter, and was charged with the care... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the toll-free telephone number see Toll-free telephone number Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Victoria Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819–22 January 1901) was a Queen of the United Kingdom, reigning from 20 June 1837 until her death. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... This article is about the year. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... A tagline is a variant of a branding slogan typically used in marketing materials and advertising. ...

See also

Badge of the Johanniter Order. ... HRH The Duke of Gloucester is Grand Prior of the Venerable Order of Saint John. ... Ranks and Insignia Based upon the British Army officer and the British Army other ranks structure and insignia, the original ranks of the St John Ambulance Brigade had several modifications. ... St Andrews Ambulance Association, founded in 1882, is a charity based in Scotland. ...

External links


 
 

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