FACTOID # 28: Austin, Texas has more people than Alaska.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador
City of St. John's
Downtown St. John's

Seal
Nickname: "The City of Legends"
Motto: Avancez ("Go forward")
Coordinates: 47°33′32.4″N 52°42′46.8″W / 47.559, -52.713
Country Canada
Province Newfoundland and Labrador
Established August 5, 1583 by Royal Charter of Queen Elizabeth I
Government
 - City Mayor Andy Wells
 - Governing body St. John's City Council
 - MPs List of St. John's MPs
 - MHAs List of St. John's MHAs
Area
 - City 446.04 km² (172.2 sq mi)
 - Metro 804.63 km² (310.7 sq mi)
Elevation Sea Level 0 -147 m (0 - 483 ft)
Population (2006)
 - City 100,646
 - Density 225.6/km² (576.0/sq mi)
 - Metro 181,113
 - Metro Density 225.1/km² (556.6/sq mi)
  20th Largest metropolitain area in Canada
Time zone NST (UTC-3:30)
 - Summer (DST) NDT (UTC-2:30)
Area code(s) 709
NTS Map 001N10
GNBC Code ABEFS
Website: St. John's website

St. John's (IPA: /ˌseɪntˈdʒɒnz/) is the provincial capital of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, making it the seat of the provincial Crown; at a 2006 census population 100,646 (metropolitan population 181,113), it is the largest city in that province, and the oldest English-founded city in North America.[1] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2400x657, 284 KB)St. ... Crest of St. ... EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Nl-stjohns. ... Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. ... This article is about the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1583 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... The Royal Prerogative is a body of customary authority, privilege, and immunity, recognised in common law jurisdictions possessing a monarchy as belonging to the Crown alone. ... This article is about Elizabeth I of England. ... Image:Www. ... St. ... Type Lower House Speaker Peter Milliken, Liberal since January 29, 2001 Leader of the Government in the House of Commons Peter Van Loan, Conservative since January 4, 2007 Opposition House Leader Ralph Goodale, Liberal since January 23, 2006 Members 308 Political groups Conservative Party Liberal Party Bloc Québécois... MPs Norman Doyle Loyola Hearn MHAs Ed Byrne Jack Byrne Dave Denine Kathy Dunderdale Terry French Jack Harris Harvey Hodder Elizabeth Marshall Sheila Osborne Tom Osborne John Ottenheimer Bob Ridgley Shawn Skinner Loyola Sullivan Dianne Whalen ... A Legislative Assembly in some parts of the Commonwealth refers to a legislature, or a chamber of the legislature. ... MPs Norman Doyle Loyola Hearn MHAs Ed Byrne Jack Byrne Dave Denine Kathy Dunderdale Terry French Jack Harris Harvey Hodder Elizabeth Marshall Sheila Osborne Tom Osborne John Ottenheimer Bob Ridgley Shawn Skinner Loyola Sullivan Dianne Whalen ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The table below lists the 100 largest metropolitan areas in Canada by population, using data from the Canada 2001 Census[1] and the Canada 2006 Census. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... NST is UTC-3:30 The Newfoundland Standard Time Zone (NST) is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting 3½ hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), resulting in UTC-3:30. ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Area code 709 is the telephone area code in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador, encompassing the whole province. ... The National Topographic System or NTS is the topographic system used by Canada for providing general purpose maps of the country. ... Geographical Names Board of Canada a national committee of the Canadian Government Department of National Resources which authorizes the names used on official federal government maps of Canada since 1897. ... Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. ... This article is about the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... In strict legal language, the term seat defines the seat of a corporation or organisation as a legal entity, indicating where the headquarters of this entity are located. ... The Arms of Her Majesty in Right of Newfoundland and Labrador, granted by King Charles I in 1637. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... North America North America is a continent [1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ...

Contents

History

St. John's is the oldest English-founded settlement in North America.[1] Tradition declares that the city earned its name when explorer John Cabot became the first European to sail into the harbour, on June 24, 1497 — the feast day of Saint John the Baptist. However, the exact locations of Cabot's landfalls are disputed. A series of expeditions to St. John's by the Portuguese in the Azores followed in the early 16th century, and by 1540 French, Spanish and Portuguese ships crossed the Atlantic annually to fish the waters off the Avalon Peninsula. In the Basque Country, it is a common belief that the name of St. John's was given by Basque fishermen because the bay of St. John's is very similar to the Bay of Pasaia in the Basque Country, where one of the fishing towns is also called St. John (in Spanish, San Juan). John Cabot. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1497 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... St. ... Year 1540 was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... The Avalon Peninsula is a large peninsula (9,270 km²) that makes up the southeast portion of the island of Newfoundland. ... Pays Basque) see Northern Basque Country. ... Harbor of Pasaia Pasaia (Spanish: Pasajes) is a town and municipality located in the province of Gipuzkoa, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ...


The earliest record of the location appears as São João on a Portuguese map by Jorge Reinel in 1519. When John Rut visited St. John's in 1527 he found Norman, Breton and Portuguese ships in the harbour. On August 3, 1527, Rut wrote a letter to King Henry on the findings of his voyage to North America; this was the first known letter sent from North America. St. Jehan is shown on Nicholas Desliens' world map of 1541 and San Joham is found in João Freire's Atlas of 1546. It was during this time that Water Street was first developed, making it the oldest street in North America. Jorge Reinel (c. ... Events March 4 - Hernán Cortés lands in Mexico. ... John Rut (fl. ... January 5 - Felix Manz, co-founder of the Swiss Anabaptists, was drowned in the Limmat in Zürich by the Zürich Reformed state church. ... Norman conquests in red. ... Historical province of Brittany, showing the main areas with their name in Breton language The traditional flag of Brittany (the Gwenn-ha-du), formerly a Breton nationalist symbol but today used as a general civic flag in the region. ... Events The first official translation of the entire Bible in Swedish February 12 - Pedro de Valdivia founds Santiago de Chile. ... // Events Spanish conquest of Yucatan Peace between England and France Foundation of Trinity College, Cambridge by Henry VIII of England Katharina von Bora flees to Magdeburg Science Architecture Michelangelo Buonarroti is made chief architect of St. ... Water Street, developed in the early 1500s, is the oldest street in North America. ...

Water Street, St. John's (contemporary photo).
Water Street, St. John's (contemporary photo).

On August 5, 1583, Sir Humphrey Gilbert claimed the area as England's first overseas colony under Royal Charter of Queen Elizabeth I. At the time, he found 16 English ships with 20 French and Portuguese vessels using the harbour. There was no permanent population, however, and Gilbert was lost at sea during his return voyage, thereby ending any immediate plans of settlement. The Newfoundland National War Memorial is located on the waterfront in St. John's, at the purported site of Gilbert's landing and proclamation. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 928 KB) Water Street, St. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 928 KB) Water Street, St. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1583 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... Sir Humphrey Gilbert (c. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... For the ship of the same name, see Royal Charter (ship). ... This article is about Elizabeth I of England. ... Unveiling the National War Memorial in St. ...


The first permanent European settlers arrived at St. John's in 1605. By 1620 the fishermen of England's West Country had excluded other nations from most of the east coast. In 1627, St. John's was "the principal prime and chief lot in all the whole country". The resident population grew slowly in the 17th century, but St. John's was by far the largest settlement in Newfoundland when English naval officers began to take censuses around 1675. Every summer the population swelled with the arrival of migratory fishermen. In 1680, fishing ships (mostly from South Devon) set up fishing rooms at St. John's, bringing hundreds of Irish men into the port to operate inshore fishing boats. 1605 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1620 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... The West Country is an informal term for the area of south-western England roughly corresponding to the modern South West England government region. ... Events A Dutch ship makes the first recorded sighting of the coast of South Australia. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Newfoundland —   IPA: [nuw fÉ™n lænd] (French: , Irish: ) is a large island off the east coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... Year 1675 (MDCLXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Events First Portuguese governor was appointed to Macau The Swedish city Karlskrona was founded as the Royal Swedish Navy relocated there. ... Part of the seafront of Torquay, south Devon, at high tide Devon is a large county in South West England, bordered by Cornwall to the west, and Dorset and Somerset to the east. ...


The town's first significant defenses were probably erected due to commercial interests, following the temporary seizure of St. John's by the Dutch admiral Michiel de Ruyter in June, 1665. Regardless of the identity of those who built the defenses, the inhabitants were able to fend off a second Dutch attack in 1673. The British government began to plan fortifications around 1689, and these were constructed following the retaking of St. John's after the French admiral Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville captured and destroyed the town late in 1696. The French attacked St. John's again in 1705 and 1708, and devastated civilian structures with fire. Michiel Adriaenszoon de Ruyter, Lieutenant-Admiral of the United Provinces by Ferdinand Bol, painted 1667 Michiel Adriaenszoon de Ruyter (24 March 1607 – 29 April 1676) is one of the most famous admirals in Dutch history. ... Year 1665 (MDCLXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1673 (MDCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1689 (MDCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Pierre Le Moyne dIberville. ... The year 1696 had the earliest equinoxes and solstices for 400 years in the Gregorian calendar, because this year is a leap year and the Gregorian calendar would have behaved like the Julian calendar since March 1500 had it have been in use that long. ... // Events Construction begins on Blenheim Palace, in Oxfordshire, England. ... // Events March 23 - James Francis Edward Stuart lands at the Firth of Forth July 1 - Tewoflos becomes Emperor of Ethiopia September 28 - Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya Kandahar conquered by Mir Wais In Masuria one third of the population die during the plague J...

St. John's as seen from Signal Hill.
St. John's as seen from Signal Hill.
U.S. Army troops on guard in St. John's in 1942.
U.S. Army troops on guard in St. John's in 1942.

The harbour remained fortified through most of the 18th and 19th century. The final battle of the Seven Years' War in North America (the French and Indian War) was fought in 1762 in St. John's at the Battle of Signal Hill, in which the French surrendered St. John's to the British under the command of Colonel William Amherst. Image File history File linksMetadata City_of_St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata City_of_St. ... Signal Hill is a hill which overlooks the city of St. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Combatants Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Great Britain and its American Colonies Electorate of Hanover Iroquois Confederacy Kingdom of Portugal Electorate of Brunswick Electorate of Hesse-Kassel Philippines Archduchy of Austria Kingdom of France Empire of Russia Kingdom of Sweden Kingdom of Spain Electorate of Saxony Kingdom of Naples and... Combatants France First Nations allies: Algonquin Lenape Wyandot Ojibwa Ottawa Shawnee Great Britain American Colonies Iroquois Confederacy Strength 3,900 regulars 7,900 militia 2,200 natives (1759) 50,000 regulars and militia (1759) Casualties 3,000 killed, wounded or captured 10,040 killed, wounded or captured The French and... 1762 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants France Great Britain Commanders Guillaume de Bellecombe William Amherst Strength 295 regulars 200 regulars and provincials Casualties 20–40 dead or wounded 4–5 dead 19 wounded The Battle of Signal Hill (September 15, 1762) was the final battle of the French and Indian War and forced the French...


The eighteenth century saw major changes in Newfoundland: population growth, beginnings of government, establishment of churches, reinforcement of commercial ties with North America and development of the seal, salmon and banks fisheries. St. John's grew slowly, and although it was still primarily a fishing station, it was also a garrison, a centre of government and, increasingly, a commercial hub. St. John's served as a naval base during both the American Revolutionary War and the War of 1812. (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... North America North America is a continent [1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... This article is about military actions only. ... This article is about the U.S. – U.K. war. ...


Shanawdithit, the last known individual of the Beothuk people, died in a St. John's hospital of tuberculosis in 1824. Statue of Shanawdithit, at the Boyds Cove Beothuk Site, Newfoundland. ... Newfoundland, home of the Beothuk The Beothuk (IPA: ) were the native inhabitants of the island of Newfoundland at the time of European contact in the 15th and 16th centuries. ... Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for tubercle bacillus or Tuberculosis) is a common and deadly infectious disease caused by mycobacteria, mainly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


The core of the city was destroyed by fire several times, the most famous of which was the Great Fire of 1892. City of St. ...


Guglielmo Marconi received the first transatlantic wireless message at St. John's on December 1901 from his wireless station in Poldhu, Cornwall. For the inventor of radio,Marconi see the competing claims in history of radio and the invention of radio. ... Poldhu is a small area in south Cornwall, UK, situated on the Lizard Peninsula it comprises Poldhu Point and Poldhu Cove. ... For other uses, see Cornwall (disambiguation). ...


St. John's was the starting point for the first non-stop transatlantic aircraft flight, by Alcock and Brown in a modified Vickers Vimy IV bomber, in June 1919, departing from Lester's Field in St. John's and ending in a bog near Clifden, Connemara, Ireland. In July 2005, the flight was duplicated by American aviator and adventurer Steve Fossett in a replica Vickers Vimy aircraft, with St. John's International Airport substituting for Lester's Field (now an urban and residential part of the city). Statue of Alcock and Brown at London Heathrow Airport. ... The Vickers Vimy was a British heavy bomber aircraft of the World War I era. ... Clifden (in Irish, An Clochán meaning bee-hive cell) is a town on the coast of County Galway, Ireland and being Connemaras largest town, it is often referred to as the Capital of Connemara. It is located on the Owenglin River where it flows into Clifden Bay. ... Connemara (Irish Conamara), which derives from Conmhaicne Mara (meaning: descendants of Con Mhac, of the sea), is a district in the west of Ireland (County Galway). ... James Stephen Fossett (born April 22, 1944 - missing since September 3, 2007) is an American aviator, sailor and adventurer. ... St. ...


During the Second World War, the harbour was used by Royal Navy and Royal Canadian Navy ships used for protecting convoys. It was also the site of a large US Army base called Fort Pepperrell. This base was established as part of the "Lend-Lease" agreement between the UK and USA. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... For history after 1968, see Canadian Forces Maritime Command The Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) was the navy of Canada from 1911 until 1968 when the three Canadian armed services were unified to form the Canadian Forces. ... For other uses, see Convoy (disambiguation). ... Fort Pepperrell, also known as Pepperrell Air Force Base (47° 35´10“N, 52° 41´31“W) is a former United States military base located in St. ... The Lend-Lease program was a program of the United States during World War II that allowed the United States to provide the Allied Powers with war material without becoming directly involved in the war. ...


Geography

The city is located on the northeast coast of the Avalon Peninsula in southeastern Newfoundland, and on the Atlantic Ocean. It is the most easterly city in North America, as well as the second largest city in Atlantic Canada (after Halifax, Nova Scotia). The downtown area lies to the north of St. John's Harbour, and the rest of the city expands uphill to the west, north, and east. The Avalon Peninsula is a large peninsula (9,270 km²) that makes up the southeast portion of the island of Newfoundland. ... Newfoundland —   IPA: [nuw fÉ™n lænd] (French: , Irish: ) is a large island off the east coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... Motto: E Mari Merces(Latin) From the Sea, Wealth Coordinates: , Country Province Established April 1, 1996 Government  - Type Regional Municipality  - Mayor Peter Kelly  - Governing body Halifax Regional Council  - MPs List of MPs Alexa McDonough Geoff Regan Michael Savage Peter Stoffer (Bill Casey) (Gerald Keddy) (Peter MacKay)  - MLAs List of MLAs... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 11 Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867...


St. John's is the largest city in census Division No. 1. Division No. ...


Climate

Of all major cities in Canada, St John's is the cloudiest (only 1,497 hours of sunshine a year), snowiest (359 cm; 11.8 ft), and has the most wet days per year (Environment Canada, 2005). However, St. John's has the third mildest winter in comparison to other Canadian cities. [2] St. John's has a continental climate (Dfb) with cool-to-warm summers, and relatively mild winters for Canada (cold by a world standard). Average highs and lows are 20°C (68°F)/10°C (50°F) in July and -1°C (30°F)/-8°C (17°F) in January. The annual precipitation is moderate to high, with an average of 1,640 millimetres (64.6 in) per year. The city is also one of the areas of the country most prone to tropical cyclone activity, as it is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, where tropical storms (and sometimes hurricanes) travel. A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Regions containing a continental climate exist in portions of Northern Hemisphere continents, and also at higher elevations in certain other parts of the world. ...

Downtown St. John's, Newfoundland.
Downtown St. John's, Newfoundland.
St. John's Climatological Data
Temperature
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Mean
Record high °C (°F) 15 (59) 16 (61) 18 (64) 24 (75) 26 (79) 29 (84) 32 (90) 31 (88) 30 (86) 25 (77) 20 (68) 16 (61)
Average high °C (°F) -1 (30) -2 (28) 1 (34) 5 (41) 11 (52) 16 (61) 20 (68) 20 (68) 16 (61) 11 (52) 6 (43) 2 (36) 9 (48)
Mean °C (°F) -5 (23) -5 (23) -3 (27) 2 (36) 6 (43) 11 (52) 15 (59) 16 (61) 12 (54) 7 (45) 3 (37) -2 (28) 5 (41)
Average low °C (°F) -9 (16) -9 (16) -6 (21) -2 (28) 2 (36) 6 (43) 11 (52) 11 (52) 8 (46) 3 (37) -1 (30) -6 (21) 1 (34)
Record low °C (°F) -23 (-9) -24 (-11) -24 (-11) -15 (5) -7 (19) -3 (27) -1 (30) 1 (34) -1 (30) -6 (21) -13 (9) -20 (-4)
Precipitation and Sunshine Hours
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Total mm (in) 150 (5.9) 125 (4.9) 131 (5.2) 122 (4.8) 101 (4.0) 102 (4.0) 89 (3.5) 108 (4.3) 131 (5.2) 162 (6.4) 144 (5.7) 149 (5.9) 1514 (59.6)
Rainfall mm (in) 74 (2.9) 61 (2.4) 77 (3.0) 94 (3.7) 94 (3.7) 101 (4.0) 89 (3.5) 108 (4.3) 131 (5.2) 160 (6.3) 116 (4.6) 89 (3.5) 1191 (46.9)
Snowfall cm (in) 80 (31.5) 67 (26.4) 52 (20.5) 26 (10.2) 6 (2.4) 1 (0.4) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 3 (1.2) 26 (10.2) 61 (24.0) 322 (126.8)
Sunshine hours 72 91 109 117 158 177 216 196 140 106 72 59 1513
Temperature and Precipitation data recorded at St. John's International Airport by Environment Canada. Data spans 1971 to 2000.
Sunshine hours recorded at St. John's West CDA by Environment Canada. Data spans 1971 to 2000.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2433x504, 1424 KB) Summary St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2433x504, 1424 KB) Summary St. ... St. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Mount Pearl is a city on the Avalon Peninsula in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, in Division No. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ...

Economy

St. John's economy has been continuously connected both to its role as a regional/national/provincial capital and to the ocean. Today, its continued growth is as much tied to what lies beneath the ocean – oil and gas – as what swims in or travels across the ocean. The city's economy is growing quickly, and the city has been identified as having one of the highest proportion of scientists and engineers per capita of any city under one million population in North America. Economic forecasts suggest that the city will continue its strong economic growth in the coming years not only in the "oceanic" industries mentioned above, but also in tourism and new home construction as the population continues to grow.


This growth in St. John's and its surrounding suburban municipalities, particularly Paradise (+31%), Flatrock (+7%), Torbay (+15%), Conception Bay South (+11%) and Portugal Cove-St. Philip's (+12%) (all percentages indicate 2001-2006 growth) (St. John's metro area: +5% population; The rest of the province: -1.5% population). Many feel that the growth in St. John's has not particularly spread to the rest of the Province.


Educational Institutions

St. John's hosts the following institutions of higher learning:

Memorial University of Newfoundland, (popularly known as Memorial University or MUN) is a comprehensive university located primarily in St. ... The Memorial University of Newfoundland Botanical Garden is a botanical garden operated by Memorial University in St. ... The Marine Institute of Memorial University of Newfoundland, popularly referred to as the Marine Institute, is a post-secondary marine training facility located in St. ... The College of the North Atlantic is the community college of Newfoundland and Labrador. ...

Recreation

Sports

King George V Park
King George V Park
Mile One Centre
Mile One Centre
  • St. John's is home to North America's oldest annual sporting event, the Royal St. John's Regatta, which dates back to at least 1816. The event is considered important enough in the life of the city that the day of the Regatta (the first Wednesday with fine weather in August) is a civic holiday - one of the only weather-dependent holidays in the world.
  • St. John's played host to the Canada Men's Soccer team's first (and only) qualification for the FIFA World Cup on September 14, 1985 where they defeated Honduras 2-1, at King George V Park. The park also played host to a FIFA World Cup Qualification game on August 20, 1972, where Canada beat USA 3-2. Canada, however, failed to qualify for the World Cup in 1974.
  • The 2006 Olympic gold medalist men's curling team, skipped by Brad Gushue, is based in St. John's.
  • Ultimate Frisbee is a quickly-growing sport in the city, having an established League providing two seasons: the larger and more competitive Summer League and the Fall League, intended as a way to become acquainted with the basics of the sport. The provincial team, called Granite, plays from the city and will compete in the 2007 national championships.

Image File history File links King_George_V_Park. ... Image File history File links King_George_V_Park. ... Image File history File links Mile_one_stadium. ... Image File history File links Mile_one_stadium. ... The St. ... The Quebec Major Junior Hockey League (French: la Ligue de hockey junior majeur du Québec, abbreviated QMJHL in English, LHJMQ in French) is one of the three Major Junior A Tier I hockey leagues which constitute the Canadian Hockey League. ... Mile One Centre The Mile One Centre, formerly known as Mile One Stadium, is the main sports and entertainment centre in the City of St. ... The St. ... The American Hockey League (AHL) is a professional ice hockey league in North America, that serves as the primary developmental circuit for the National Hockey League (NHL). ... The Toronto Marlies are an ice hockey team in the American Hockey League. ... North America North America is a continent [1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Royal St. ... This article is about the year. ... King George V Park is a Football (soccer) stadium in St. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... The Rugby Canada Super League (RCSL or Super League) is a national, semi-professional rugby union competition in Canada. ... The Newfoundland Rock are a Canadian rugby union team based in St. ... Swilers Rugby Park is a Rugby union stadium in St. ... For the rugby league competition, see Rugby League World Cup. ... The 2007 Rugby World Cup is the sixth Rugby World Cup, a quadrennial international rugby union world championship inaugurated in 1987. ... The 2005 Scott Tournament of Hearts, the Canadian womens curling championship, was held at Mile One Stadium in St. ... For other uses, see Curling (disambiguation). ... Mile One Centre The Mile One Centre, formerly known as Mile One Stadium, is the main sports and entertainment centre in the City of St. ... [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bradley Raymond Brad Gushue, ONL, LL.D. (hon. ... World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. ... Ed Sailor White (born 1949 in St. ... Ultimate Frisbee is a competitive non-contact team sport played with a Frisbee or similar flying disc most commonly weighing 175 g. ...

Nightlife

George Street, St. John's.
George Street, St. John's.

St. John's is reputed to have the most bars per capita of any city in North America; George Street in downtown St. John's is reputed to have the most bars per square foot in North America. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 3154 KB) George Street, St. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 3154 KB) George Street, St. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... North America North America is a continent [1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ...


Transportation

St. John's is the eastern terminus of the Trans-Canada Highway. (Victoria, British Columbia is the western terminus.) For the Boards of Canada record, see Trans Canada Highway (EP). ... This article is about the city of Victoria. ...


The city is served by St. John's International Airport. St. ...


The city's public transportation system is Metrobus. A taxi serving as a bus Public transport comprises all transport systems in which the passengers do not travel in their own vehicles. ... Metrobus is a public transportation system in St. ...


St. John's was the eastern terminus of the Newfoundland Railway until the abandonment and closure of the railway in September 1988. Newfoundland Railway logo or herald (used 1926-1949) The Newfoundland Railway was a historic railway that operated on the island of Newfoundland and was the longest narrow gauge railway system in North America. ...

St. John's Harbour, Newfoundland
St. John's Harbour, Newfoundland
St. John's Harbour, Newfoundland
St. John's Harbour, Newfoundland

ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (825x553, 411 KB) St. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (825x553, 411 KB) St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1953x597, 1148 KB) St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1953x597, 1148 KB) St. ...

Demographics

(Unless otherwise identified, all statistics below are for the St. John's metro area, not the core city of St. John's.) A census metropolitan area, or CMA is a Canadian census subdivision comprising a large urban area (known as the urban core) and adjacent areas (known as urban and rural fringes) that have a high degree of social and economic integration with the urban core. ...

City Metro
Population 100,646 181,113
Growth (2001-2006) 1.5
Dwellings 45,317
Area (km²) 446.04 804.64
Area (sq mi) 172.2 310.7
Density (persons per km²) 225.6 214.9

The Canada 2006 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...

Religion

Overwhelmingly Christian, the population of St. John's was once divided along sectarian (Catholic/Protestant) lines. In recent years, this sectarianism has declined significantly, and is no longer a commonly acknowledged facet of life in St. John's. St. John's is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archbishop of St. John's, and the Anglican Bishop of Eastern Newfoundland and Labrador. For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... For the Anglican cathedral of St. ... The Cathedral of St. ...

Religion 2001 %
*Roman Catholic 83,615 48.9%
*Protestant 77,880 45.5%
**Anglican 39,020 22.8%
**United Church 25,670 15.0%
**Salvation Army 5,645 3.3%
**Pentecostal 3,865 2.3%
**Presbyterian 1,220 0.7%
**Baptist 495 0.3%
**Jehovah's Witness 425 0.2%
**Other Protestant 1,540 0.9%
*Christian, not included elsewhere 1,310 0.8%
Muslim 475 0.3%
Hindu 355 0.2%
Other religions 460 0.3%
No religion 6,990 3.9%

The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... The United Church can refer to a number of churches. ... Shield of The Salvation Army The Salvation Army is a non-military evangelical Christian organisation. ... The Pentecostal movement within Protestant Christianity places special emphasis on the gifts of the Holy Spirit. ... Presbyterianism is part of the Reformed churches family of denominations of Christian Protestantism based on the teachings of John Calvin which traces its institutional roots to the Scottish Reformation, especially as led by John Knox. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Baptist is... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ...

Ethnic origins

View of St. John's from The Rooms
View of St. John's from The Rooms

Many of the earliest settlers of St. John's came from the southwest of England, especially the West Country and Devonshire in particular, and southeast Ireland, primarily Waterford, Wexford and Kilkenny. These origins can still be detected in similarities between the original dialects of each of these regions and the traditional St. John's accent. The similarity with the Bristol, England accent is sometimes striking. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 325 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,200 × 488 pixels, file size: 161 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 325 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,200 × 488 pixels, file size: 161 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The West Country is an informal term for the area of south-western England roughly corresponding to the modern South West England government region. ... This page is about the English county, for alternative meanings see Devon (disambiguation). ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference S604123 Statistics Province: Munster County: Area: 41. ... This article is about the Irish town. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 52. ... This article is about the English city. ...

Ethnic origin Population Percent
Canadian 81,490 47.63%
English 73,545 42.98%
Irish 51,180 29.92%
Scottish 13,520 7.90%
French 7,125 4.16%
German 2,925 1.71%
Native American 1,990 1.16%

The information regarding ethnicities above is from the 2001 Canadian Census. The percentages add to more than 100% because of dual responses (e.g. "French-Canadian" generates an entry in both the category "French" and the category "Canadian".) Groups with greater than 1,500 responses are included. This article is about the English as an ethnic group and nation. ... This article is about the Scottish as an ethnic group. ... First Nations is a Canadian term of ethnicity which refers to the aboriginal peoples located in what is now Canada, and their descendants who are neither Inuit nor Métis. ...


Crime

St. John's continuously has one of the lowest crime rates in Canada.


Notable Persons from St. John's

((Update))


Media

Radio

St. John's is currently the only Canadian city served by radio stations whose call letters do not all begin with the letter C. The ITU prefix VO was assigned to the Dominion of Newfoundland before the province joined Canadian Confederation in 1949, and three AM stations kept their existing call letters. However, other commercial radio stations in St. John's which went to air after 1949 use the same range of prefixes (CFCK) currently in use elsewhere in Canada, with the exception of VOCM-FM, which was permitted to adopt the VOCM callsign because of its corporate association with the AM station that already bore that callsign. VO also remains in use in amateur radio. A radio station is an audio (sound) broadcasting service, traditionally broadcast through the air as radio waves (a form of electromagnetic radiation) from a transmitter to an antenna and a thus to a receiving device. ... The ITU allocates call sign prefixes for radio and television stations of all types. ... We dont have an article called Canadian-confederation Start this article Search for Canadian-confederation in. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mediumwave radio transmissions (sometimes called Medium frequency or MF) are those between the frequencies of 300 kHz and 3000 kHz. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... VOCM-FM is a Canadian radio station broadcasting at 97. ... Amateur radio station with modern solid-state transceiver featuring LCD and DSP capabilities Amateur radio, often called ham radio, is both a hobby and a service that uses various types of radio communications equipment to communicate with other radio amateurs for public service, recreation and self-training. ...

St. John's most famous landmark, Cabot Tower.
St. John's most famous landmark, Cabot Tower.

Download high resolution version (1800x2400, 479 KB)Cabot Tower in St. ... Download high resolution version (1800x2400, 479 KB)Cabot Tower in St. ... Plaque inside Cabot Tower View of St. ... Mediumwave radio transmissions (sometimes called Medium frequency or MF) are those between the frequencies of 300 kHz and 3000 kHz. ... VOCM (referred to by its broadcasters as Voice of the Common Man) is an AM radio station in St. ... For other uses, see News (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Talk Radio. ... CBN is a radio station broadcasting at 640 kHz (AM) from St. ... CBC Radio One is the English language news and information radio network of the publicly-owned Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... VOWR (Voice of Wesley United Church Radio) is a Canadian radio station, which airs religious programming in St. ... CJYQ, branded as Radio Newfoundland, is an AM radio station broadcasting at 930 kHz in St. ... VOAR (Voice of Adventist Radio) is a Canadian radio station, which airs religious programming in St. ... Mount Pearl is a city on the Avalon Peninsula in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, in Division No. ... FM radio is a broadcast technology invented by Edwin Howard Armstrong that uses frequency modulation to provide high-fidelity sound over broadcast radio. ... CICQ-FM is a low-power tourist information FM radio station broadcasting at 92. ... Mount Pearl is a city on the Avalon Peninsula in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, in Division No. ... CHMR-FM is a Canadian university radio station broadcasting on the Campus of Memorial University of Newfoundland in St. ... Memorial University of Newfoundland, (popularly known as Memorial University or MUN) is a comprehensive university located primarily in St. ... Campus radio (also known as college radio, university radio or student radio) is a type of radio station that is run by the students of a college, university or other educational institution. ... CHOZ-FM is a Canadian radio station based in St. ... CHR redirects here. ... VOCM-FM is a Canadian radio station broadcasting at 97. ... For the magazine, see Classic Rock (magazine). ... CKIX-FM is an FM radio station in St. ... Adult contemporary music, frequently abbreciated to just AC, is a type of radio format that plays mainstream and pop music, without hip-hop or rap since, as per the name, it is geared more towards adults than teens. ... CKSJ-FM, better known as Coast 101. ... Adult contemporary music, frequently abbreciated to just AC, is a type of radio format that plays mainstream and pop music, without hip-hop or rap since, as per the name, it is geared more towards adults than teens. ... CBAX-FM is a Canadian radio station, which broadcasts SRCs Espace musique network at 91. ... Espace musique is the French language musical radio service of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation / Société Radio-Canada, the national public broadcaster in Canada. ... CBAF-FM-5 is a French-language Canadian radio station located in Halifax, Nova Scotia. ... La Première Chaîne is the news and information service of la Société Radio-Canada, the French-language public broadcaster in Canada. ... CBN-FM is a Canadian radio station broadcasting in St. ... CBC Radio Two is an FM radio network in Canada, operated by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ...

Television

  • Channel 4 — CBFJ, SRC
  • Channel 6 — CJON, independent station which airs a mix of Global and CTV programming; station is advertised as NTV
  • Channel 8 — CBNT, CBC

CBAFT is the flagship of Radio-Canadas Atlantic Canada network, serving Acadians in Moncton and the Canadian Maritimes, and Franco-Terreneuvians in Newfoundland and Labrador. ... Télévision de Radio-Canada[1] is a Canadian French language television network. ... CJON-TV is a Canadian television station broadcasting on channel 6 (cable channel 5) in St. ... Global Television Network (more commonly called Global TV or just Global) is a Canadian English language privately owned television network. ... This article is about the Broadcast Television Network CTV, for the broadcasting television company see CTVglobemedia. ... CBNT is the television call sign for the CBCs television station in St. ... Radio-Canada redirects here. ...

Print

  • The Telegram (daily newspaper)
  • The Independent (weekly newspaper)
  • The Express (weekly newspaper, now discontinued)
  • The Muse (weekly or, during summer months, bi-monthly Memorial University student newspaper)
  • Le Gaboteur (Newfoundland and Labrador's only French-language newspaper; bi-monthly)
  • The Scope (Newfoundland's only bi-weekly online and print alternative newspaper)
  • Current (St. John's second bi-weekly newspaper)

The Telegram is a daily newspaper published in St. ... a weekly newspaper covering local events in Newfoundland. ... For other uses, see The Muse (disambiguation). ... The Scope is a free English language alternative newsweekly based in St. ...

Sister cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference S604123 Statistics Province: Munster County: Area: 41. ...

Mayors of St. John's

See List of mayors of St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador. This is a list of mayors of St. ...


Current Mayor: Andy Wells Deputy Mayor: Dennis O'Keefe


See also

This is a list of incorporated cities of Canada in alphabetical order by province. ... This page lists communities of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. ...

Notes

  1. ^ a b Paul O'Neill, The Oldest City: The Story of St. John's, Newfoundland, 2003, ISBN 0-9730271-2-6.
  2. ^ Environment Canada, http://atlantic-web1.ns.ec.gc.ca/climatecentre/default.asp?lang=En&n=83846147-1#champion

Paul ONeill OC LLD (1928 – ) historian, writer and producer born Bay de Verde, Newfoundland, Canada, has written many books of the history of Newfoundland. ... Environment Canada is the department of the government of Canada with responsibility for coordinating environmental policies and programs as well as preserving and enhancing the natural environment and conservation of wildlife. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
North: Torbay, Logy Bay-Middle Cove-Outer Cove, and Flatrock, and Pouch Cove
West: Portugal Cove-St. Philip's, Paradise, Mount Pearl, Conception Bay South St. John's East: Petty Harbour-Maddox Cove,
South: Division No. 1, Subd. D, Bay Bulls

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m