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Encyclopedia > St. John's, Antigua and Barbuda
St. John's
Newgate Street in St. John's
Newgate Street in St. John's
Location of St. John's in Antigua and Barbuda
Coordinates: 17°07′N 61°51′W / 17.117, -61.85
Country Antigua and Barbuda
Island Antigua
Colonised 1632
Area
 - City  4 sq mi (10 km²)
Population (2005)
 - City 31,000
 - Density 8,029/sq mi (3,100/km²)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
Emergency Numbers Police/Ambulance: 911
Fire: 462 0044
Air/Sea Rescuse: 462 3062
Police HQ: 462 0125

St John's is the capital city of the nation of Antigua and Barbuda, a country located in the West Indies in the Caribbean Sea. St John's is located at 17°7′N, 61°51′W. With a population of 24,226 (2000), St John's is the commercial centre of the nation and the chief port of the island of Antigua. The settlement of St John's has been the administrative centre of Antigua and Barbuda since the islands were first colonised in 1632, and it became the seat of government when the nation achieved independence in 1981. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Antigua_stjohn's. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. ... Map of Central America and the Caribbean Caribbean Sea from space (top left). ... See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe November 8 - Wladyslaw IV Waza elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Zygmunt III Waza death November 16 - Battle of Lützen... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ...

Contents

Sights

St. John's Cathedral

The skyline of St. John's is dominated by the white baroque towers of St. John's Cathedral. The present cathedral was built in 1845, and is now in its third incarnation — as earthquakes in 1683 and in 1745 destroyed the previous structures. The iron gates on the south face of the church are flanked by pillars displaying lead figures of St John the Divine and St John the Baptist. They were taken by HMP Temple in 1756, from a French ship destined for Martinique. Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens. ... Categories: Saints | Ancient Roman Christianity | Christianity-related stubs ... For the hip-hop producer with the same name, see John the Baptist (producer). ...

St. John's Cathedral
St. John's Cathedral

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 1. ...

Museum of Antigua and Barbuda

The Museum of Antigua and Barbuda is housed in the colonial Court House, constructed in 1747 on the site of the first city market, and is the oldest building still in use in the city. The museum displays both Arawak and colonial artifacts recovered on archaeological digs on the islands. It also features a life-sized replica of an Arawak house, models of sugar plantations, along with a history of the island, and Viv Richards' cricket bat. The term Arawak (from aru, the Lokono word for cassava flour), was used to designate the Amerindians encountered by the Spanish in the Caribbean. ... Sir Isaac Vivian Alexander Richards (born St Johns, Antigua on 7 March 1952), better known by his second name, Vivian or, more popularly, simply as Viv is a former West Indian cricketer. ...

Heritage Quay
Heritage Quay

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 1. ...

Government House

This is the official residence and office of the governor-general of Antigua. The building has dignified colonial lines and is surrounded by beautiful grounds. It is located on the eastern edge of St.John's. The house is not open to the public on a regular basis. Tours are by appointment only; contact the Antigua and Barbuda Department of Tourism on Long Street.


Fort James

The fort was built in 1739 to guard St.John's harbor and is one of the many forts built by the British in the 18th century. Fear of French invasion prompted the construction. It is located on a headland, overlooking the town, northwesterly. A powder magazine, several cannons and and the foundation of the fort's wall remains. The main attraction today is the excellent view of the surrounding harbor. Other forts include Fort George, Fort Charles, Fort Shirley, Fort Berkeley and Fort Barrington. http://www.antiguamuseums.org/images/FtJames5Cannons2.jpg


Other Sights

On Friday and Saturday mornings, there is a farmers' market on the southern edge of the city, with folk crafts, colorful tropical fruits, and a buzzing crowd. The towers of the cathedral are the first sight of Antigua for the roughly half of the island's visitors each year who arrive by boat. With its recently completed cruise ship dock, shopping centre, Heritage Quay and several hotels, St. John's is a lively hub for shopping and dining.


Just east of St. John's is the Sir Vivian Richards Stadium, a multi-use stadium in North Sound, Antigua and Barbuda, that was created mostly for cricket matches, and has hosted the matches during the 2007 Cricket World Cup that took place from 13 March to 28 April 2007. Sir Vivian Richards Stadium is a multi-use stadium in North Sound, Antigua and Barbuda that is currently under construction. ... Motto Each Endeavouring, All Achieving Anthem Fair Antigua, We Salute Thee Royal anthem: God Save the Queen 1 Capital (and largest city) Saint Johns Official languages English Government Federal constitutional monarchy  -  Head of State Elizabeth II  -  Governor-General Sir James Carlisle  -  Prime Minister Baldwin Spencer Independence from the United... The 2007 ICC Cricket World Cup was a mens cricket tournament that took place in the West Indies from 13 March to 28 April 2007, using the sports one-day international format. ...


The Museum of Antigua & Barbuda, located on the corner of Long and Market streets, is housed in the Old Courthouse, built in 1750. Its archaeological exhibits trace the history of the early inhabitants, colonists and slaves.


The Antigua Rum Distillery is located at the Citadel and is the only rum distillery on the island. Annual production yields more than 180,000 gallons bottled. Distillation is a means of separating liquids through differences in their boiling points. ...


The Botanical Garden is near the intersection of Factory Road and Independence Avenue. This small park's shaded benches and gazebo provide a quiet refuge from the bustle of activity of St.John's.


The Museum of Marine Art, at Gambles Terrace, is a small facility containing fossilized bedrock, volcanic stones, petrified wood and a collection of more than 10,000 shells. Also displayed are artifacts from several English shipwrecks.


St John's is served by the VC Bird International Airport. V.C. Bird International Airport (IATA: ANU, ICAO: TAPA) is located on the island of Antigua, 8km northeast of St. ...


External link

  • Map of St. John's at Caribbean-On-Line.com

 
 

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