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Encyclopedia > St. Gallen

Coordinates: 47°25′N, 9°22′E Coordinates: 47°25′N, 9°22′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

St. Gallen
Coat of Arms of St. Gallen
Canton St. Gallen
District St. Gallen
Coordinates 47°25′N, 9°22′E
Population 74538   (January 2007)
Area 39.41 km² (15.2 sq mi)
Elevation 675 m (2,215 ft)
Postal code 9000
Mayor (list) Peter Scheitlin
Surrounded by
(view map)
Eggersriet, Gaiserwald, Gossau, Herisau (AR), Mörschwil, Speicher (AR), Stein (AR), Teufen (AR), Untereggen, Wittenbach
Twin towns Liberec (Czech Republic)
Website www.stadt.sg.ch
St. Gallen [zoom] (Switzerland)
St. Gallen [zoom]

St. Gallen (Sankt Gallen ; French Saint-Gall; Italian San Gallo) is the capital of the canton of St. Gallen in Switzerland. It evolved from the hermitage of Saint Gall, founded in the 7th century. Today, it is a large urban agglomeration (with around 160,000 inhabitants) and represents the center of eastern Switzerland. The town mainly relies on services for its economic base. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The twenty-six cantons of Switzerland are the states of the federal state of Switzerland. ... The Canton of St. ... In contrast to centrally organised states, in the federally constituted Switzerland each Canton is completely free to decide its own internal organisation. ... This article is about longitude and latitude; see also UTM coordinate system Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (vertically) and longitude (horizontally); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which... The Bulgarian political party Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria, which had only been founded on 2006-12-03 by Sofia mayor Boyko Borisov, instantly comes second in a public poll on party support, trailing only the Bulgarian Socialist Party. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... To help compare sizes of different geographic regions, we list here areas between 10 km² (1000 hectares) and 100 km² (10,000 hectares). ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... The metre (American English:meter) is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Here are postal codes of Switzerland and Liechtenstein: Zone 1 1000s are found in Lausanne, Lavaux and parts of Morges, 1100s in parts of Morges, 1200s are in Geneva and parts of La Côte, Vaud, 1300s in La Vallée, 1500s are found in Clavaleyres, the 1700s are found... This is a list of mayors (Stadtpräsident) of St. ... The following is a list of the municipalities in Switzerland, listed alphabetically. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 585 pixelsFull resolution (1181 × 864 pixel, file size: 254 KB, MIME type: image/png) Municipality St. ... Eggersriet is a municipality in the Wahlkreis (constituency) of St. ... Gaiserwald is a municipality in the Wahlkreis (constituency) of St. ... Gossau is a small city in the canton of St. ... Herisau is a municipality in the canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden in Switzerland. ... Mörschwil is a municipality in the Wahlkreis (constituency) of Rorschach, in the canton of St. ... Speicher is the name of two municipalities: Speicher, Switzerland in Appenzell Ausserrhoden. ... Stein is a municipality in the canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden in Switzerland. ... Teufen is a municipality in the canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden in Switzerland. ... Untereggen is a municipality in the Wahlkreis (constituency) of Rorschach, in the canton of St. ... Wittenbach is a municipality in the Wahlkreis (constituency) of St. ... This list includes twin towns/sister cites (Partnergemeinden, Partnerstädte, villes ou communes jumelles) in Switzerland linked by a sister city agreement (Städtepartnerschaft or Gemeindepartnerschaft; jumelage de villes) and towns linked by friendship agreements (Freundschaft or amitié). A few municipalities participating in projects arranged by the Swiss organizations Patenschaft... Town hall Liberec ( , German: Reichenberg, Romany: Libertsis) is a city of the Czech Republic, in the Liberec Region. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1359x922, 341 KB) Switzerland Map drawn by Tschubby see also Karte_Schweiz_Details. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 585 pixelsFull resolution (1181 × 864 pixel, file size: 254 KB, MIME type: image/png) Municipality St. ... Image File history File links De-StGallen. ... The twenty-six cantons of Switzerland are the states of the federal state of Switzerland. ... St. ... Onuphrius lived as a hermit in the desert of Upper Egypt in the late 4th century A hermit (from the Greek erÄ“mos, signifying desert, uninhabited, hence desert-dweller) is a person who lives to some greater or lesser degree in seclusion and/or isolation from society. ... Saint Gall or Gallus (c. ... In the study of human settlements, an agglomeration is an extended city or town area comprising the built-up area of a central place (usually a municipality) and any suburbs or adjacent satellite towns. ...


The city has good transport links to the rest of the country and to neighbouring Germany and Austria. It also functions as the gate to the Appenzell mountain area. Appenzell (or Appenzellerland) is a region in the northeast of Switzerland, entirely surrounded by the Canton of St. ...


The main tourist attraction is the Abbey of St. Gall, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Its renowned library contains books which date to the 9th century. Abbey of St. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ...

The Abbey of St. Gall by night
The Abbey of St. Gall by night

Contents

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (480x640, 50 KB) Summary http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (480x640, 50 KB) Summary http://www. ...

Geography

St. Gallen is situated in the north-eastern part of Switzerland in a valley around 700 meters above sea level. It is one of the highest cities in Switzerland and it can receive a lot of snow in winter. The town is nicely situated between Lake Constance and the mountains of the Alpstein (with the Säntis as the highest peak at 2505 metres) and therefore offers excellent recreation areas nearby. For other uses, see Lake Constance, New Zealand. ... Säntis is a mountain (2502 m, 47°15′N 9°21′E) in the Swiss Prealps, part of the Alpstein range. ...


As the city center actually rises on an unstable turf ground (thanks to its founder Gallus who was looking for a hermitage and not founding a city), all buildings on the valley floor have to be built on piles. For example, the entire foundation of the train station and its plaza are based on hundreds of piles. Saint Gall or Gallus (c. ... A deep foundation installation for a bridge in Napa, California. ...

The view on the city from the nearby hills. The St. Gallen University is in the foreground, the Abbey of St. Gall is visible above
The view on the city from the nearby hills. The St. Gallen University is in the foreground, the Abbey of St. Gall is visible above

St. ... St. ...

History

Founding of the City

The founding of St. Gallen is based on the Irish monk Gallus (* around 550; † 620 or 640), who built a hermitage at the river Steinach in 612. St. ... Saint Gall or Gallus (c. ... Events Saint Columbanus moves to Italy to establish the monastery of Bobbio (approximate date). ...


Founding of the Abbey of St. Gallen

Around 720, one hundred years after Gallus' death, the alemannian priest Othmar built an abbey and gave it the name St. Gallen (see: Abbey of St. Gall). Events Umayyad caliph Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz succeeded by Yazid II ibn Abd al-Malik The Nihonshoki (日本書紀), one of the oldest history books in Japan, is completed Births Bertrada, wife of Pippin III (d. ... Abbey of St. ...


Reformation

Starting in 1526 then-mayor and humanist Joachim von Watt (Vadian) introduced the reformation in the city of St. Gallen. January 14 - Treaty of Madrid. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Humanism[1] is a broad category of ethical philosophies that affirm the dignity and worth of all people, based on the ability to determine right and wrong by appeal to universal human qualities—particularly rationality. ... Engraving by David Herrliberger from Zurich, 1748, after an older original Joachim Vadian (November 29, 1484 – April 6, 1551), born as Joachim von Watt, was a Swiss Humanist and scholar and also mayor and reformer in St. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which began in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church, but ended in division and the establishment of new institutions, most importantly Lutheranism, Reformed churches, and Anabaptists. ...


History during the Middle Ages

St. Gallen 1548
St. Gallen 1548
St. Gallen 1642
St. Gallen 1642

One of the earliest mayors of Saint Gallen may be among the most colorful, Ulrich Varnbüler. Hans, the father of Ulrich, was prominent in city affairs in St. Gallen, Switzerland, in the early 1400's. Ulrich made his entry into public affairs in the early 1460's and gathered the various offices and honors that are available to a talented and ambitious man. He demonstrated fine qualities as field commander of the St. Gallen troops in the Burgundian wars. In the battle of Grandson in 1476 he and his troops were part of the advance units of the Confederation and took part in their famous attack. (A large painting of Ulrich returning triumphantly to a hero's welcome in St. Gallen can still be seen in St. Gallen). After the war, he often represented St. Gallen at various Confederation parliaments. In December of 1480 he was offered the position of mayor for the first time. From that time on he served in several leading city positions and was considered the intellectual and political leader. According to Vadian, who understood his contemporaries well, "Ulrich was a very intelligent, observant, and eloquent man who enjoyed the trust of the citizenry to a high degree." His reputation among the Confederates was also substantial. However, in the late 1480's he became involved in a conflict that was to have serious negative consequences for him and for the city of which he was mayor. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 578 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1834 × 1902 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 578 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1834 × 1902 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 535 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 669 pixel, file size: 224 KB, MIME type: image/png) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 535 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 669 pixel, file size: 224 KB, MIME type: image/png) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Battle of Grandson, took place on 2 March 1476, was part of the Burgundian Wars (Burgundy Wars), and resulted in a major defeat for Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy. ... Engraving by David Herrliberger from Zurich, 1748, after an older original Joachim Vadian (November 29, 1484 – April 6, 1551), born as Joachim von Watt, was a Swiss Humanist and scholar and also mayor and reformer in St. ...


In 1463 Ulrich Rösch had assumed the management of the St. Gallen Abbey. He was an ambitious prelate, whose goal it was to raise the abbey by every possible means to prominence again following the losses of the Appenzell Wars. His restless ambitions offended the political and material interests of his neighbors. When he arranged for the help of the pope and the emperor to carry out a plan of moving the abbey to Rorschach on Lake Constance, he encountered stiff resistance from the St. Gallen citizenry, other clerics, and the Appenzell nobility in the Rhine Valley who were concerned about their holdings. At this point, Varnbüler entered the conflict against the prelate. He wanted to restrict the increase of power in the abbey and simultaneously increase the power of the town that had been restricted in its development. For this purpose he established contact with farmers and Appenzell residents (led by the fanatical Hermann Schwendiner) who were seeking an opportunity to weaken the abbot. Initially, he protested to the abbot and the representatives of the four sponsoring Confederate cantons (Zürich, Luzern, Schwyz, and Glarus) against the construction of the new abbey in Rorschach. Then on July 28, 1489 he had armed troops from St. Gallen and Appenzell destroy the buildings already under construction. When the abbot complained to the Confederates about the damages and demanded full compensation, Ulrich responded with a counter suit and in cooperation with Schwendiner rejected the arbitration efforts of the non-partisan Confederates. He motivated the clerics from Wil to Rorschach to discard their loyalty to the abbey and spoke against the abbey at the town meeting at Waldkirch, where the popular league was formed. He was confident that the four sponsoring cantons would not intervene with force, due to the prevailing tensions between the Confederation and the Swabian League. He was strengthened in his resolve by the fact that the people of St. Gallen elected him again to the highest magistrate in 1490. Alternate uses: Rorschach (superhero), Rorschach inkblot test, Hermann Rorschach Rorschach is a city in the canton of St. ... For other uses, see Lake Constance, New Zealand. ... Appenzell (or Appenzellerland) is a region in the northeast of Switzerland, entirely surrounded by the Canton of St. ... Wil is a town in the Canton of St. ...


However, in early 1490 the four cantons decided to carry out their duty to the abbey and to invade the St. Gallen canton with an armed force. The people of Appenzell and the local clerics submitted to this force without noteworthy resistance, while the city of St. Gallen braced for a fight to the finish. However, when they learned that their compatriots had given up the fight, they lost confidence; the end result was that they concluded a peace pact that greatly restricted the city's powers and burdened the city with serious penalties and reparations payments. Ulrich, overwhelmed by the responsibility for his political decisions, panicked in the face of the approaching enemy who wanted him apprehended. His life was in great danger, and he was forced to disguise himself as a messenger and escape out of the city. He made his way to Lindau and to Innsbruck and the court of King Maximilian. The victors confiscated those of his properties that lay outside of the city of St. Gallen and banned him from the confines of the Confederation. Ulrich then appealed to the imperial court (as did Schwendiner, who had fled with him) for the return of his property. The suit had the support of Friedrich II and Maximilian and the trial would drag on for years. It was continued by Ulrich's sons Hans and Ulrich after his death in 1696, and eventually they regained the properties. However, other political ramifications resulted from the court action, because the Confederation took ownership of the city of St. Gallen and rejected the inroads of the empire. Thus the conflict strengthened the relationship between the Confederation and the city of St. Gallen. On the other hand the matter increased the alienation between Switzerland and the German Empire, which would eventually mean a total separation as a result of the Swabian War. famous harbor entrance of Lindau reverse side of the old town hall of Lindau Lindau is a German city and an island in the eastern part of the Lake Constance, the Bodensee. ... Innsbruck is a city in western Austria, and the capital of the federal state of Tyrol. ... The Battle of Hard was the first major battle of the Swabian War. ...


Varnbüler is further immortalized in a famous woodcut by Albrecht Durer, which is part of the Smithsonian Institute's woodcut collection(q.v.). Of the Varnbüler sons, the elder (Hans/Johann) became the mayor of Lindau. He is the patriarch of the Baden and Württemberg Varnbülers.


St. Gallen as a center of textile-industry

In the 15th century St. Gallen became successful in producing textiles. In 1714 the climax was reached with a yearly production of 38,000 pieces of cloth. The first depression happened in the middle of the 18th century caused by strong foreign competition and starting cotton production. But St. Gallen was able to catch up and an even more glamorous era arrived. Battle of Gangut, by Maurice Baquoi, 1724-27. ...


At the beginning of the 19th century, the first embroidery machines were developed in St. Gallen. In 1910 the embroidery production was the largest export branch (18 percent of the total export value) in Switzerland and more than 50(!) percent of the global production originated in St. Gallen. One fifth of the population in the eastern part of Switzerland lived from the textile industry. World War I and the Great Depression thereafter let the St. Gallen embroidery fall into a second large crisis. Only in the 1950s a slight recovery started in the textile industry. Nowadays, only a small textile industry can survive in St. Gallen because of high specialization and the production of powerful embroidery machines. St. Gallen embroideries (e.g. by Akris) are still in high demand by the creators of Paris Haute Couture. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Textile manufacturing. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... The Great Depression was the result of the economic downturn that started with the Stock Market crash on October 29, 1929, known as Black Tuesday. ... Haute couture (French for high sewing or high dressmaking; IPA: ) refers to the creation of exclusive custom-fitted fashions. ...


Education

St.Gallen is famous for its university, aptly named University of St. Gallen (HSG). It is the number one school for business and management in German-speaking Europe and one of the top addresses worldwide. Recently, HSG has been building a reputation for Executive Education, with its International MBA[1] recognised as one of Europe's leading programmes, and runs a PhD programme with a consultancy based research methodology. HSG is a focused university that offers degrees in business and management, economics, political science & international relations as well as business law. It is comparatively small, with about 5,000 students enrolled at present, has both EQUIS and AACSB accredited, and is a member of CEMS (Community of European Management Schools). The university maintains student and faculty exchange programs around the world. Furthermore, St. Gallen is known for a world famous private school, namely, Institut auf dem Rosenberg - an elite boarding school attracting students from all over the world. The view of the city from the nearby hills. ... HSG may refer to: University of St. ... Equis may refer to: European Quality Improvement System (or EQUIS) a school accreditation system without recognition from the US Department of Education or any foreign government oversight. ... The Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB) - is the USA based body which awards accreditation following a review of the quality of Scotts site can be found at Degree programmes delivered by Management Schools. ... CEMS is an acronym for Community of European Management Schools and International Companies, a cooperation of multinational enterprises and Europes leading business schools and universities. ...


Culture and Sightseeing

Theater

  • In the modern and somewhat extravagant Theater Hall St.Gallen operas, operettas, ballet, musicals and plays are performed. It has an impressive average utilization of nearly 80 percent.
  • In the nearby Concert Hall with its grand art nouveau style all sorts of concerts (classic, symphony, jazz etc.) are given.
The interior of the Cathedral is one of the most important baroque monuments in Switzerland
The interior of the Cathedral is one of the most important baroque monuments in Switzerland

Vitebsk Railway Station one of the finest examples of Art Nouveau architecture. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2288x1712, 720 KB) Summary The interior of the cathedral of Sankt Gallen (Switzerland), on October 8, 2006 Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2288x1712, 720 KB) Summary The interior of the cathedral of Sankt Gallen (Switzerland), on October 8, 2006 Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): St. ...

Museums

  • Historical and ethnography museum (collections of regional early history, city history, folk art, cultural history as well ethnographical collections from all over the world)
  • Art museum (painting and sculptures from the 19th and 20th century)
  • Art hall St. Gallen (national and international modern art)
  • Natural museum (natural history collection)
  • Museum in the storehouse (Swiss native art and art brut)
  • Textile museum (historical laces, embroidery and cloth)
  • Lapidarium of the abbey (building blocks from 8th to 17th century)
  • Point Jaune museum (Mail Art, Postpostism)

Adolf W lflis Irren-Anstalt Band-Hain, 1910 Outsider Art was a term coined by art critic Roger Cardinal in 1972 as an English synonym for Art Brut, a term created by French artist Jean Dubuffet to describe art created by people well outside the boundaries of official art... Bold textTHIS IS THE PAGE THAT A.S. REALLY NEEDS!! THIS IS NOW MARKED!!! ] ps i like A.O. This article is about an abbey as a Christian monastic community. ... Mail art is art which uses the postal system as a medium. ...

Music

  • The symphony orchestra St. Gallen performs besides its duty at the city theater numerous symphony concerts in the city concert hall.
  • The well known St. Gallen Open Air Festival takes place in the nearby sitter valley the first weekend in July.

Buildings

  • Drei Weieren (three artificial water basins from the zenith of the textile industry with art nouveau-bath houses; reachable by the Mühleggbahn (train) from 1893). The Drei Weieren are a water park by day and a gatheringplace of the youth by night. This results in many complaints about noise, drug abuse and vandalism by people who live in the vicinity. Locals jokingly call the three basins "Lakes with the most THC in the country". The youth who spends their time there claim that the Drei Weieren are a place where they can spend their time in a consume-free environment.
  • Convent of St. Gall with the famous library and abbey (UNESCO-world heritage)
  • Bank Wegelin, the oldest bank in Switzerland, founded in 1741
  • Tröckneturm Schönenwegen; the tower was built 1828 and was used to hang up freshly colored cloth panels for drying.
  • Protestant church Linsebühl, an impressive new renaissance building dating from 1897
  • University of St. Gallen (HSG; University for Business Administration, Economics and Law with an excellent reputation in the German-speaking world), founded 1898.
  • Embroidery exchange, splendid building with the god for trade Hermes on its roof.
  • Public bath, the oldest public bath in Switzerland dating from 1908.
  • Catholic church St. Martin in the Bruggen district; the concrete church built in 1936 was at that time highly modern.
  • 1992 the city of St. Gallen received the Wakker Prize.
  • Stadtlounge (City Lounge) - a pedestrianised area in the central city designed to represent a loungeroom, but in the street. [2] German only, pictures are universal though. The Stadtlounge was designed by Pippilotti Rist.

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Textile manufacturing. ... Vitebsk Railway Station one of the finest examples of Art Nouveau architecture. ... A bath house is a place where people bathe. ... Year 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Tetrahydrocannabinol, also known as THC, Δ9-THC, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol), Δ1-tetrahydrocannabinol (using an older numbering scheme), or dronabinol, is the main psychoactive substance found in the Cannabis plant; and additionally so in a variety of other plants. ... Abbey of St. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... “Banker” redirects here. ... Year 1828 (MDCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Renaissance (French for rebirth, or Rinascimento in Italian), was a cultural movement in Italy (and in Europe in general) that began in the late Middle Ages, and spanned roughly the 14th through the 17th century. ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The view of the city from the nearby hills. ... Hermes bearing the infant Dionysus, by Praxiteles, found at the Heraion, Olympia, 1877 Hermes (Greek, , IPA: ), in Greek mythology, is the Olympian god of boundaries and of the travelers who cross them, of shepherds and cowherds, of orators and wit, of literature and poets, of athletics, of weights and measures... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... The Wakker Prize (in German: Wakkerpreis, in French Prix Wakker) is awarded annually by the Swiss Heritage Society to a Municipality of Switzerland for the development and preservation of its architectural heritage. ...

Parks

  • Wildlife park Peter and Paul
  • City park at the theater
  • Cantonal school park

Regular Events

  • OLMA, traditional Swiss Fair for Agriculture and Nutrition in autumn as well as numerous other exhibitions at the OLMA Fairs St. Gallen.
  • Openair St.Gallen in the sitter valley.
  • Children Feast, originally a product from the textile industry. It is organized every third year.
  • The St.Gallen Symposium attracts personalities from economy, science, politics and society to the University of St. Gallen every year. The St. Gallen Symposium takes place in 2007 from May 31 to June 2 for its 37th time. The subject of the forthcoming “3 Days in May” is "The Power of Natural Resources".

is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 153rd day of the year (154th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Sports

  • The soccer team FC St. Gallen is based in the city and plays in the Axpo Super League, Switzerland's top football division. It is the oldest soccer club in Switzerland and 2nd oldest in continental Europe, founded in 1879.[3] german

FC St. ... The Swiss Super League or Axpo Super League is the top tier of the Swiss Football League. ...

Transportation

The A1 motorway links St. Gallen with St. Margrethen, Zürich, Bern and Geneva. In 1987 the city motorway was opened, which leads the traffic through two tunnels (Rosenberg and Stefanshorn) almost directly below the city center. The A1 is a motorway in Switzerland. ... St. ... For other uses of Zurich, see Zurich (disambiguation). ... Location within Switzerland The city of Bern, English traditionally Berne (Bernese German Bärn , German Bern , French Berne , Italian Berna , Romansh Berna ), is the Bundesstadt (administrative capital) of Switzerland, and is the fourth most populous Swiss city (after Zürich, Geneva and Basel). ... Geneva (pronunciation //; French: Genève //, German:   //, Italian: Ginevra //, Romansh: Genevra) is the second most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich), and is the most populous city of Romandy (the French-speaking part of Switzerland). ...


St. Gallen has its own small airport Airport St. Gallen-Altenrhein, residing at nearby Lake of Constance with regular flights to Vienna and other destinations. Lake Constance (German Bodensee, also known as Schwäbisches Meer (informally) and sometimes written Lake of Constance) is a lake on the Rhine between Germany, Switzerland and Austria. ... “Wien” redirects here. ...


St. Gallen is closely tied to the national Swiss Federal Railways network and has InterCity connections to Zurich and the Zurich International Airport every half an hour. St. Gallen is the hub for many private railways such as the Südostbahn (SOB), connecting St. Gallen with Lucerne, the Appenzeller Bahnen with connections to Appenzell and the Trogenerbahn to Trogen, which also serves as a tram in downtown. Swiss Federal Railways (SBB-CFF-FFS) is the national railway company of Switzerland. ... A Romanian InterCity train, run by Romanian Railways, at Arad station in May 2003 InterCity is a name for the inter-city rail services in Europe. ... Location within Switzerland   Zürich[?] (German pronunciation IPA: ; usually spelled Zurich in English) is the largest city in Switzerland (population: 366,145 in 2004; population of urban area: 1,091,732) and capital of the canton of Zürich. ... Arrivals Lounge Interior of airport terminal Zurich International Airport (IATA: ZRH, ICAO: LSZH) also called Kloten Airport, is located at 47°29′N 8°32′E in Kloten, canton of Zurich, Switzerland and managed by Unique Airport. ... Another view across Lake Lucerne. ... Appenzell (or Appenzellerland) is a region in the northeast of Switzerland, entirely surrounded by the Canton of St. ... Trogen is a municipality in the canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden in Switzerland. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


The town has a dense local bus transportation system operated by the VBSG, which is well established on the valley floor and less on the hills. As St. Gallen is located near the Appenzell mountain area, it offers also many Postauto (post bus) connections. The agglomeration disposes also of its own S-Bahn System (overground local trains).


The large urban area Zurich is about 80 km south-west of St. Gallen and is reachable by car in about 50 minutes and by train in 69 minutes (by ICN). Location within Switzerland   Zürich[?] (German pronunciation IPA: ; usually spelled Zurich in English) is the largest city in Switzerland (population: 366,145 in 2004; population of urban area: 1,091,732) and capital of the canton of Zürich. ... The ICN (short for Intercity-Neigezug, German for Intercity Tilting Train), Serie SBB RABDe 500, is a Swiss high-speed train which debuted on May 28, 2000, in time for Expo. ...


Trivia

In St. Gallen, there is the oldest brewery of Switzerland called Schützengarten.


Gustav Adolf, former king of Sweden, spent the last years of his life in St. Gallen, and finally died there in 1837. Gustav IV Adolf (November 1, 1778 – February 7, 1837), was King of Sweden from 1792 until his abdication in 1809. ...


See also

This is a list of mayors (Stadtpräsident) of St. ...

Newspaper articles

Auf Pantoffeln in goldene Zeiten in St. Galler Tagblatt (German) St. ...


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • Official Website
  • VBSG (local bus)
  • QuickTime Virtual Reality (QTVR) images of St. Gallen
  • St. Gallen travel guide from Wikitravel
  • Photo of St. Gallen covered in red carpet for 'Stadtlounge' competition



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