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Encyclopedia > St. Francis Xavier
Francis Xavier

Apostle to the Far East
Born April 7, 1506(1506-04-07), Javier, Spain
Died December 3, 1552 (aged 46), China
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church, Lutheran Church, Anglican Church
Beatified October 25, 1619 by Paul V
Canonized March 12, 1622 by Gregory XV
Feast December 3
Attributes crucifix; preacher carrying a flaming heart; bell; globe; vessel; young bearded Jesuit in the company of Saint Ignatius Loyola; young bearded Jesuit with a torch, flame, cross and lily
Patronage African missions; Agartala, India; Ahmedabad, India; Alexandria, Louisiana; Apostleship of Prayer; Australia; Bombay, India; Borneo; Cape Town, South Africa; China; Dinajpur, Bangladesh; East Indies; Fathers of the Precious Blood; foreign missions; Freising, Germany; Goa India; Green Bay, Wisconsin; India; Indianapolis, Indiana;Sophia University, Tokyo, Japan;Joiliet, Illinois; Kabankalan, Philippines; Nasugbu, Batangas, Philippines; diocese of Malindi, Kenya; missionaries; Missioners of the Precious Blood; Navarre, Spain; navigators; New Zealand; parish missions; plague epidemics; Propagation of the Faith
Saints Portal
Society of Jesus

History of the Jesuits
Regimini militantis
Suppresion

Jesuit Hierarchy
Superior General
Peter Hans Kolvenbach

Ignatian Spirituality
Spiritual Exercises
Ad maiorem Dei gloriam
Magis
Discernment

Famous Jesuits
St. Ignatius of Loyola
St. Francis Xavier
Blessed Peter Faber
St. Aloysius Gonzaga
St. Robert Bellarmine
St. Peter Canisius
St. Edmund Campion
Pierre Teilhard de Chardin St. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... 1506 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Javier (or Xabier, in Basque) is a town and municipality located in the province and autonomous community of Navarre, northern Spain. ... is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events April - War between Henry II of France and Emperor Charles V. Henry invades Lorraine and captures Toul, Metz, and Verdun. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. ... The Anglican Communion is a world-wide organisation of Anglican Churches. ... 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The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organising a liturgical year on the level of days by associating each day with one or more saints, and referring to the day as that saints day. ... is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Saint symbology was important to people who couldnt read because they can figure out what symbols mean. ... Saint Quentin is the patron saint of locksmiths and is also invoked against coughs and sneezes. ... Agartala   (Hindi: अगरतला) is the capital of the Indian state of Tripura. ... Ahmedabad (Gujarati: , Hindi: ) or is the largest city in the state of Gujarat and the seventh largest city in India, with a population of more than 52 lakhs (5. ... Alexandria is a city in Louisiana and the parish seat of Rapides Parish. ... This article or section should be merged with Mumbai (Bombay) This article is about the city formerly known as Bombay. ... 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Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... Image File history File links JHS-IHS-Monogram-Name-Jesus. ... Regimini militantis ecclesiae (“On the Supremacy of the Church Militant”) was the papal bull promulagated by Pope Paul III on September 27, 1540, which gave final approval to the formation of the Society of Jesus, also known as the Jesuits, but limited the number of its members to... The Suppression of the Jesuits in Portugal, France, the Two Sicilies, Parma and the Spanish Empire by 1767 was a result of a series of political moves rather than a theological controversy. ... Saint Ignatius of Loyola served as the first Superior General. ... Peter Hans Kolvenbach, current Superior-General of the Catholic order or the Jesuits, in Goa, India, Nov 9, 2006. ... The Spiritual Exercises of Ignatius of Loyola is a brief set of meditations, prayers and mental exercises, available in various book formats, designed to be carried out over over a period of 28 to 30 days. ... A.M.D.G. engraving in choir loft of St. ... Magis [pronounced mah gís]] is a Jesuit phrase that means the more. It is taken from Ad majorem Dei gloriam, meaning for the greater glory of God. Magis referes to doing more for Christ. ... Discernment is a term used in the Catholic Church, and other Christian traditions to describe the process of ascertaining Gods will for ones life. ... This is an incomplete list of famous members of the Society of Jesus. ... Saint Ignatius of Loyola, also known as Ignacio (Íñigo) López de Loyola (December 24, 1491 – July 31, 1556), was the principal founder and first Superior General of the Society of Jesus, a religious order of the Catholic Church professing direct service to the Pope in terms of mission. ... Saint Francis Xavier (Basque: San Frantzisko Xabierkoa; Spanish: San Francisco Javier; Portuguese: São Francisco Xavier; Chinese: 聖方濟各沙勿略) (7 April 1506 - 2 December 1552) was a Spanish pioneering Roman Catholic Christian missionary and co-founder of the Society of Jesus (Jesuit Order). ... Peter Faber (French Pierre Lefevre, or Pierre Favre, Latin Petrus Faber) (April 13, 1506 - August 1, 1546) was a French Jesuit theologian and a cofounder of the Society of Jesus. ... Aloysius Gonzaga (9 March 1568–21 June 1591) was the oldest son of the Marquis Ferdinand of Castiglione, a prince of the Holy Roman Empire, and Marta Tana Santena, daughter of a baron from Piemonte, of the Della Rovere family. ... This article is about Robert Bellarmine, the Catholic Saint. ... Petrus Canisius (May 8, 1521 – December 21, 1597) was a Roman Catholic teacher and preacher in Germany, Austria, and Bohemia, fighting against the spread of Protestantism. ... Portrait of Edmund Campion St. ... It has been suggested that noogenesis be merged into this article or section. ...

Saint Francis Xavier (Basque: San Frantzisko Xabierkoa; Spanish: San Francisco Javier; Portuguese: São Francisco Xavier; Chinese: 聖方濟各沙勿略) (7 April 1506 - 2 December 1552) was a Spanish pioneering Roman Catholic Christian missionary and co-founder of the Society of Jesus (Jesuit Order). The Roman Catholic Church considers him to have converted more people to Christianity than anyone since St. Paul.[citation needed] Basque (native name: euskara) is the language spoken by the Basque people who inhabit the Pyrenees in North-Central Spain and the adjoining region of South-Western France. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... 1506 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events April - War between Henry II of France and Emperor Charles V. Henry invades Lorraine and captures Toul, Metz, and Verdun. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... For other uses, see Missionary (disambiguation). ... Seal of the Society of Jesus. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... Paul of Tarsus (b. ...

Contents

Early life

The castle of the Xavier family was later acquired by the Company of Jesus and reconstructed.
The castle of the Xavier family was later acquired by the Company of Jesus and reconstructed.

He was born in the family castle of Xavier (from Basque etxe berri, "new house") near Sangüesa and Pamplona, in the Kingdom of Navarre, on 7 April 1506, according to a family register. He was born to an aristocratic family of Navarre. He was the youngest son of Juan de Jasso, privy councillor to King John III of Navarre (Jean d'Albret), and Maria de Azpilcueta y Xavier, sole heiress of two noble Navarrese families. Following the Spanish surname custom of the time, he was named after his mother[citation needed]; his name is accurately written Francisco de Xavier (Latin Xaverius) rather than Francisco Xavier, as Xavier is originally a place name. When Ferdinand of Aragon conquered the kingdom in 1512, many fortresses were devastated, including the family castle, and land was confiscated. Francis' father died in 1515. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 473 pixelsFull resolution (801 × 474 pixel, file size: 46 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 473 pixelsFull resolution (801 × 474 pixel, file size: 46 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Javier (or Xabier, in Basque) is a town and municipality located in the province and autonomous community of Navarre, northern Spain. ... Basque may refer to: Look up Basque in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Sangüesa is a town in Navarra, Spain, 44,5 kilometers from Pamplona. ... Pamplona (Basque: Iruñea or Iruña) is the capital city of Navarre, Spain. ... The Kingdom of Navarre (Basque: Nafarroako Erresuma) was a European state which occupied lands on either side of the Pyrenees alongside the Atlantic Ocean. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... 1506 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... John III of Navarre, also known as Jean dAlbret (1469 - 1516), became King of Navarre by virtue of his 1484 marriage to Catherine, Countess of Foix (1470 - 1517) who was Queen Catalina of Navarre after the death of her brother Francis Phoebus in 1483. ... A family name, or surname, is that part of a persons name that indicates to what family he or she belongs. ... Ferdinand of Aragon can refer to two different kings of Aragon: Ferdinand I of Aragon, also known as Ferdinand of Antequera (r. ...


At age 19, Francis Xavier went to study at the University of Paris, where he received a licence ès arts in 1530. At the Collège of Sainte-Barbe, Xavier was assigned to share a room with Ignatius Loyola(Indigo), a nontraditional student then in his mid-thirties who was frequently at odds with the Inquisition. Under Ignatius' influence, Xavier and six others, including fellow roommate Pierre Favre, discerned lives of service in the Catholic Church and made religious vows at Montmartre on August 15th, 1534, the feast of the Assumption. Their small company would eventually become the first Jesuits with the official founding of the order in 1540. The Sorbonne, Paris, in a 17th century engraving The historic University of Paris (French: ) first appeared in the second half of the 12th century, but was in 1970 reorganised as 13 autonomous universities (University of Paris I–XIII). ... The Arts is a broad subdivision of culture, comprised of many expressive disciplines. ... Ignatius of Loyola Saint Ignatius of Loyola (December 24, 1491? – July 31, 1556), baptized Íñigo López de Loyola, was the founder of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic religious order commonly known as the Jesuits that was established to strengthen the Church, initially against Protestantism. ... Montmartre seen from the centre Georges Pompidou (1897), a painting by Camille Pissarro of the boulevard that led to Montmartre as seen from his hotel room. ... The Assumption has been a subject of Christian art for centuries. ...


Missionary work

Francis Xavier devoted much of his life to missions in foreign countries. As King John III of Portugal desired Jesuit missionaries for the Portuguese East Indies, he was ordered there in 1540. He left Lisbon on April 7, 1541, together with two other Jesuits and the new viceroy Martim de Sousa, on board the Santiago. From August of that year until March 1542, he remained in Mozambique then reached Goa, the capital of the then Portuguese Indian colonies on May 6 1542. His official role there was Apostolic Nuncio and he spent the following three years operating out of Goa. John III of Portugal John III of Portugal, the Pious, (Portuguese João III) (June 6, 1502 – June 11, 1557) was the fifteenth king of Portugal. ... The Indies, on the display globe of the Field Museum, Chicago The Indies or East Indies (or East India) is a term used to describe lands of South and South-East Asia, occupying all of the former British India, the present Indian Union, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Maldives, and... For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Events The first official translation of the entire Bible in Swedish February 12 - Pedro de Valdivia founds Santiago de Chile. ... A viceroy is a royal official who governs a country or province in the name of and as representative of the monarch. ... Sousa may mean a number of different things. ... Founded in the 15th century, the city of Goa in south-western India was under Portuguese rule from 1510 until its incorporation in the Republic of India in 1961. ... This article refers to a colony in politics and history. ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A Papal Nuncio (also known as an Apostolic Nuncio) is a permanent diplomatic representative (head of mission) of the Holy See to a state, having ambassadorial rank. ...


On September 20, 1543, he left for his first missionary activity among the Paravas, pearl-fishers along the east coast of southern India, North of Cape Comorin. He then focused on converting the king of Travancore to Christianity and also visited Ceylon. Dissatisfied with the results of his activity, he set his sights eastward in 1545 and planned a missionary journey to Macassar on the island of Celebes (today's Indonesia). is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Conversion of paravas by Francis Xavier, in a 19th-century colored lithograph Parava or Paravas, also known as Bharathar, Paravar is one of the oldest Tamil castes. ... Kanyakumari is a town and a cape at the southernmost tip of the Indian peninsula. ... Flag for former princely state of Travancore Travancore or Thiruvithaamkoor (Malayalam: തിരുവിതാങ്കൂര്‍ [], തിരുവിതാംകൂര്‍ [], തിരുവിതാങ്കോട് []) was a princely state in India with its capital at Trivandrum (Thiruvananthapuram). ... Makassar, (Macassar, Mangkasar) is the provincial capital of South Sulawesi, in Indonesia, on the island of Sulawesi. ... Map of Sulawesi pictures by Julianto Halim Sulawesi (or Celebes) is a large Indonesian island. ...


After arriving to Malacca in October of that year and waiting three months in vain for a ship to Macassar, he gave up the goal of his voyage and left Malacca on January 1, 1546 for Amboyna where he stayed until mid-June. He then visited other Molucca Islands including Ternate and More. Shortly after Easter 1546, he returned to Ambon Island and later Malacca. During this time, frustrated by the elites in Goa, St. Francis wrote to King D. João III for an Inquisition to be installed in Goa. However, this Inquisition did not begin until eight years after his death. This article is about the state in Malaysia. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events Spanish conquest of Yucatan Peace between England and France Foundation of Trinity College, Cambridge by Henry VIII of England Katharina von Bora flees to Magdeburg Science Architecture Michelangelo Buonarroti is made chief architect of St. ... Ceram and Ambon Islands (Operational Navigation Chart, 1967) Not for navigational use Ambon City in 2001, showing heavy damage from fighting Ambon Island is part of the Maluku Islands of Indonesia. ... This page is about the geography and history of the island group in Indonesia — for the political entities encompassing the islands, see Maluku (Indonesian province) and North Maluku. ... A 1720 depiction of Ternate. ... More can refer to: The More language of Burkina Faso St. ... John III, King of Portugal KGF (Portuguese: João III pron. ... This article is about the Inquisition by the Roman Catholic Church. ... St. ...

Voyages of St. Francis Xavier
Voyages of St. Francis Xavier

Francis Xavier's work initiated permanent change in eastern Indonesia, where in 1546-1547 he worked in the Maluku region among the people of Ambon, Ternate, and Morotai (or Moro), and laid the foundations for a permanent mission. After he left Maluku, others carried on his work and by the 1560s there were 10,000 Catholics in the area, mostly on Ambon. By the 1590s there were 50,000 to 60,000.[1] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x593, 63 KB) Summary Map of w:Francis Xaviers voyages. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x593, 63 KB) Summary Map of w:Francis Xaviers voyages. ... This page is about the geography and history of the island group in Indonesia — for the political entities encompassing the islands, see Maluku (Indonesian province) and North Maluku. ... Ceram and Ambon Islands (Operational Navigation Chart, 1967) Not for navigational use Ambon City in 2001, showing heavy damage from fighting Ambon Island is part of the Maluku Islands of Indonesia. ... A 1720 depiction of Ternate. ... Morotai Island (695 sq mi/1,800 km²) is an island located in the Halmahera group of eastern Indonesias Maluku Islands (Moluccas). ...


In December 1547, in Malacca, Francis Xavier met a Japanese nobleman from Kagoshima named Anjiro. Anjiro had heard from Francis in 1545 and had travelled from Kagoshima to Malacca with the purpose of meeting him. Having been charged with murder, Anjiro fled Japan. He poured his heart out to Francis Xavier, telling him about his former life and the customs and culture of his beloved homeland. Anjiro was a samurai and as such provided Xavier with a skilled mediator and translator for the mission to Japan that now seemed much closer to reality. “I asked [Anjiro] whether the Japanese would become Christians if I went with him to this country, and he replied that they would not do so immediately, but would first ask me many questions and see what I knew. Above all, they would want to see whether my life corresponded with my teaching… All the Portuguese merchants who have come from Japan assure me that by going there I could render God our Lord much service, and more than among the peoples of India, because the Japanese are a race greatly given to the exercise of reason.” Thus intrigued, Xavier baptized Anjiro—who was now called Paulo de Santa Fe—and began to plan for a mission to this recently discovered land. Anjiro helped Francis Xavier translate a few paragraphs of Christian doctrine into phonetic Japanese which Xavier learned by heart. Kagoshima (鹿児島市; -shi) the capital city of Kagoshima Prefecture at the southwest tip of the Kyushu island of Japan. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Samurai (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Reason (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


He returned to India in January 1548. The next 15 months were occupied with various journeys and administrative measures in India. Then due to displeasure at what he considered un-Christian life and manners on the part of the Portuguese which impeded missionary work, he travelled from the South into East Asia. He left Goa on April 15, 1549, stopped at Malacca and visited Canton. He was accompanied by Anjiro, two other Japanese men, the father Cosme de Torrès and Brother João Fernandes. He had taken with him presents for the "King of Japan" since he was intending to introduce himself as the Apostolic Nuncio. is the 105th day of the year (106th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events July - Ketts Rebellion Francis Xavier arrives in Japan. ... Guangzhou is the capital and the sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Cosme de Torres (b. ...


Xavier reached Japan on July 27, 1549, but it was not until August 15 that he went ashore at Kagoshima, the principal port of the province of Satsuma on the island of Kyūshū. He was received in a friendly manner and was hosted by Anjiro's family until October 1550. From October to December 1550, he resided in Yamaguchi. Shortly before Christmas, he left for Kyoto but failed to meet with the Emperor. He returned to Yamaguchi in March 1551 where he was permitted to preach by the daimyo of the province. However, lacking fluency in the Japanese language, he had to limit himself to reading aloud the translation of a catechism. is the 208th day of the year (209th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Satsuma (薩摩国; -no Kuni) was an old province of Japan that is now the western half of Kagoshima prefecture on the island of Kyushu. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... , Yamaguchi (山口市 Yamaguchishi) is the capital city of Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. ... Kyoto )   is a city in the central part of the island of HonshÅ«, Japan. ... Daimyo Matsudaira Katamori visits the residence of a retainer. ... Not to be confused with the Javanese language. ... Codex Manesse, fol. ...


Xavier was welcome by the Shingon monks since he used the word Dainichi for the Christian God. As Xavier learnt more about the religious nuances of the word, he changed to Deusu from the Latin and Portuguese Deus. The monks also realized that Xavier was preaching a rival religion. Shingon (真言宗) is a major school of Japanese Buddhism, and the most important school of Vajrayana Buddhism outside of the Himalayan region. ... Categories: Stub | Buddhist philosophical concepts ...


With the passage of time, his sojourn in Japan can be considered fruitful as attested by congregations established in Hirado, Yamaguchi and Bungo. Xavier worked for more than two years in Japan and saw his successor-Jesuits established. He then decided to return to India. During his trip, a tempest forced him to stop on an island near Guangzhou, China where he saw the rich merchant Diogo Pereira, an old friend from Cochin, who showed him a letter from Portuguese being held prisoners in Guangzhou asking for a Portuguese ambassador to talk to the Chinese Emperor in their favor. Later during the voyage, he stopped at Malacca on December 27, 1551 and was back in Goa by January, 1552. Categories: Cities in Nagasaki Prefecture | Japan geography stubs ... Bungo (豊後国; Bungo no kuni) was a province of Japan in eastern Kyūshū. It bordered on Buzen, Hyuga, Higo, Chikugo, and Chikuzen Provinces. ... Guangzhou is the capital and the sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Cochin redirects here. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (362nd in leap years). ...


On April 17 he set sail with Diego Pereira, leaving Goa on board the Santa Cruz for China. He introduced himself as Apostolic Nuncio and Pereira as ambassador of the King of Portugal. Shortly thereafter, he realized that he had forgotten his testimonial letters as an Apostolic Nuncio. Back in Malacca, he was confronted by the capitão Alvaro de Ataide de Gama who now had total control over the harbor. The capitão refused to recognize his title of Nuncio, asked Pereira to resign from his title of ambassador, named a new crew for the ship and demanded the gifts for the Chinese Emperor be left in Malacca. is the 107th day of the year (108th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


In early September 1552, the Santa Cruz reached the Chinese island of Shangchuan, 14 km away from the southern coast of mainland China, near Taishan, Guangdong, 200 km south-west of what later became Hong Kong. At this time, he was only accompanied by a Jesuit student, Álvaro Ferreira, a Chinese man called Antonio and a Malabar servant called Christopher. Around mid-November, he sent a letter saying that a man had agreed to take him to the mainland in exchange for a large sum of money. Having sent back Álvaro Ferreira, he remained alone with Antonio. Shangchuan Island (上川镇, Schangschwan, Sancian, Chang-Chuang, St. ... Taishan (台山; Mandarin: Táishān; Cantonese: Toisan; Taishanese: Hoisan, Other: Toishan, Toisaan) is a coastal county-level city in Guangdong Province, China. ... Not to be confused with the former Kwantung Leased Territory in north-eastern China. ... [Land of uncivilised] Bekal Fort Beach, Kerala Malabar (Malayalam: മലബാര്‍ ) is a region of southern India, lying between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea, and derived from the Malayalam word Mala mean Hill and Persian word Bar means Kingdom, and is same as the word meaning of Malayalam. ...


Death

The Altar of St. Francis Xavier Parish in Nasugbu, Batangas, Philippines. St. Francis is the principal patron of the town, together with Our Lady of Escalera.
The Altar of St. Francis Xavier Parish in Nasugbu, Batangas, Philippines. St. Francis is the principal patron of the town, together with Our Lady of Escalera.

On 21 November, on Shangchuan Island, he fainted after celebrating Mass. He died on 3 December 1552, at age 46, without having reached mainland China. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2032 × 1524 pixel, file size: 603 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Taken by Jayzl Villafania-Nebre (user name Nasugbu, Batangas) on 15 May 2007. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2032 × 1524 pixel, file size: 603 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Taken by Jayzl Villafania-Nebre (user name Nasugbu, Batangas) on 15 May 2007. ... Nasugbu is a 1st class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Batangas Region: CALABARZON (Region IV-A) Capital: Batangas City Founded: March 10, 1917 Population: 2000 census—1,905,348 (9th largest) Density—602 per km² (7th highest) Area: 3,165. ... Virgin Mary redirects here. ... is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Shangchuan Island (上川镇, Schangschwan, Sancian, Chang-Chuang, St. ... For other uses of Mass, see Mass (disambiguation). ... is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events April - War between Henry II of France and Emperor Charles V. Henry invades Lorraine and captures Toul, Metz, and Verdun. ...


He was first buried on a beach of Shangchuan Island. His incorrupt body was taken from the island in February 1553 and was temporarily buried in St. Paul's church in Malacca on 22 March, 1553. An open grave in the church now marks the place of Xavier's burial. Pereira came back from Goa, removed the corpse shortly after April 15, 1553, and moved it to his house. St. ... This article is about the state in Malaysia. ... is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


On 11 December, 1553, Xavier's body was shipped to Goa. The body is now in the in the Basilica of Bom Jesus in Goa, where it was placed in a glass container encased in a silver casket on December 2, 1637. is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Basilica of Bom Jesus. ...

Casket of Saint Francis Xavier in the Basilica of Bom Jesus in Goa
Casket of Saint Francis Xavier in the Basilica of Bom Jesus in Goa

The right forearm, which Xavier used to bless and baptize his converts, was detached by Pr. Gen. Claudio Acquaviva in 1614. It has been displayed since in a silver reliquary at the main Jesuit church in Rome, Il Gesù[2]. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2374x3552, 645 KB)Body of Saint Francis Xavier in a silver casket of Basilica of Bom Jésus in Goa. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2374x3552, 645 KB)Body of Saint Francis Xavier in a silver casket of Basilica of Bom Jésus in Goa. ... // The Human Forearm The forearm is the structure on the upper limb, between the elbow and the wrist. ... Claudio Acquaviva (September 14, 1543—January 31, 1615) was an Italian churchman, and was the fifth general of the Society of Jesus. ... The Church of the Gesù. The Church of the Gesù is home to the famous painting of Madonna Della Strada, venerated by millions of Roman Catholics. ...


In 1950 this arm, as a "relic," was taken on tour, including in the United States, where a photograph of it was published in Life Magazine. A doctor's wife wrote to the magazine saying, "That's not a right arm, it's a left arm." The magazine replied, saying that can't be--the saint's left arm is still attached to his body, buried in India. A cover of Life Magazine from 1911 Life has been the name of two notable magazines published in the United States. ...


Legacy

St. Francis Xavier is noteworthy for his missionary work, both as organizer and as pioneer. By his compromises in India with the Christians of St. Thomas, he developed the Jesuit missionary methods along lines that subsequently became a successful blueprint for his order to follow. His efforts left a significant impression upon the missionary history of India and, as one of the first Jesuit missionaries to the East Indies, his work is of fundamental significance to the propagation of Christianity in China and Japan. He was a inspiration to many people with his miraculous work. A missionary is a propagator of religion, often an evangelist or other representative of a religious community who works among those outside of that community. ... St. ... The Indies, on the display globe of the Field Museum, Chicago The Indies or East Indies (or East India) is a term used to describe lands of South and South-East Asia, occupying all of the former British India, the present Indian Union, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Maldives, and...


Pope Benedict XVI said of both Ignatius of Loyola and Francis Xavier: "not only their history which was interwoven for many years from Paris and Rome, but a unique desire — a unique passion, it could be said — moved and sustained them through different human events: the passion to give to God-Trinity a glory always greater and to work for the proclamation of the Gospel of Christ to the peoples who had been ignored."[3] Papal Arms of Pope Benedict XVI. The papal tiara was replaced with a bishops mitre, and pallium of the Pope was added beneath the coat of arms. ... Saint Ignatius of Loyola, also known as Ignacio (Íñigo) López de Loyola (December 24, 1491 – July 31, 1556), was the principal founder and first Superior General of the Society of Jesus, a religious order of the Catholic Church professing direct service to the Pope in terms of mission. ...


As the foremost saint from Navarre and one of the main Jesuit saints, he is very venerated in Spain and the Hispanic countries where Francisco Javier or Javier are common male given names[4]. As a spin-off, Xavier itself became a male name popular in Portugal, Brazil, France, Belgium, and southern Italy. In Austria and Bavaria the name is spelled as Xaver (pronounced Ksaber and often used in addition to Francis as Franz-Xaver. Xavier is one of the few names starting with X in English. In Spanish-, Portuguese-, and Catalan-speaking regions of the world, people have two surnames. ... A given name specifies and differentiates between members of a group of individuals, especially a family, all of whose members usually share the same family name. ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ...


Many churches all over the world have been named in honor of Xavier, often founded by Jesuits. One notable church is the Basilica of St. Francis Xavier in Dyersville, Iowa. The Basilica of St. ... Dyersville is a city in eastern Delaware and western Dubuque Counties in the U.S. state of Iowa. ...


The Javierada is an annual pilgrimage from Pamplona to Xavier instituted in the 1940s.


Beatification

Francis Xavier is a Catholic saint. He was beatified by Paul V on October 25, 1619, and was canonized by Gregory XV on March 12, 1622, at the same time as Ignatius Loyola. He is the patron saint of Navarre, Spain; Nasugbu, Batangas, Philippines; Australia; Borneo; China; the East Indies; Goa, India; Japan; New Zealand, and of missionaries. His feast day is December 3. For other uses, see Saint (disambiguation). ... Painting of Pope Paul V by Caravaggio Paul V, né Camillo Borghese (Rome, September 17, 1550 - January 28, 1621) was Pope from May 16, 1605 until his death. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events May 13 - Dutch statesman Johan van Oldenbarnevelt is executed in The Hague after having been accused of treason. ... This article discusses the process of declaring saints. ... Pope Gregory XV Gregory XV, né Alessandro Ludovisio (January 9, 1554–July 8, 1623), pope (1621-1623), born at Bologna in 1554, succeeded Paul V on February 9, 1621. ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 1 - In the Gregorian calendar, January 1 is declared as the first day of the year, instead of March 25. ... Ignatius of Loyola Saint Ignatius of Loyola (December 24, 1491? – July 31, 1556), baptized Íñigo López de Loyola, was the founder of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic religious order commonly known as the Jesuits that was established to strengthen the Church, initially against Protestantism. ... Saint Quentin is the patron saint of locksmiths and is also invoked against coughs and sneezes. ... “Navarra” redirects here. ... Nasugbu is a 1st class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Batangas Region: CALABARZON (Region IV-A) Capital: Batangas City Founded: March 10, 1917 Population: 2000 census—1,905,348 (9th largest) Density—602 per km² (7th highest) Area: 3,165. ... Borneo is the third largest island in the world and is located at the centre of Maritime Southeast Asia. ... The Indies, on the display globe of the Field Museum, Chicago The Indies or East Indies (or East India) is a term used to describe lands of South and South-East Asia, occupying all of the former British India, the present Indian Union, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Maldives, and... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ... The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organising a liturgical year on the level of days by associating each day with a saint, and referring to the day as the saints day of that saint. ...


Educational institutions

Numerous schools named St. Xavier and St. Francis Xavier, most founded by the Jesuits, can be found in many parts of the world. St. ... St. ...


References

  • This article incorporates material from the Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religion
  1. ^ Ricklefs, M.C. (1993). A History of Modern Indonesia Since c.1300, 2nd Edition. London: MacMillan, p.25. ISBN 0-333-57689-6. 
  2. ^ Cappella di san Francesco Saverio, at the official website of Il Gesù. Text in Italian.
  3. ^ Address of Benedict XVI to the Jesuits, April 22, 2006.
  4. ^ The most frequent names, simple and exact for the national total and exact for the province of residence, Instituto Nacional de Estadística (Spain). Excel spreadsheet format. Javier is the 10th most popular complete name for males, Francisco Javier, the 18th. Javier is the 8th most frequent name for males, either alone or in composition.

The Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge is a religious encyclopedia (1st edition 1882-84; 3rd edition 1891; new edition published in thirteen volumes 1908-14). ... The Church of the Gesù. The Church of the Gesù is home to the famous painting of Madonna Della Strada, venerated by millions of Roman Catholics. ... Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE) Statistics National Institute, is the official organisation in Spain that collects statistics about demography, economy, and spanish society. ... Microsoft Excel is a spreadsheet program written and distributed by Microsoft for computers using the Microsoft Windows operating system and Apple Macintosh computers. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The history of the missions of the Jesuits in China in the early modern era stands as one of the notable events in the early history of relations between China and the Western world, as well as a prominent example of relations between two cultures and belief systems in the... Catholicism in China has a long and complicated history. ... This is a list of people on the postage stamps of the Republic of Ireland, including the years when they appeared on a stamp. ... Chinese monk lighting incense in a temple in Beijing. ... The history of the missions of the Jesuits in China in the early modern era stands as one of the notable events in the early history of relations between China and the Western world, as well as a prominent example of relations between two cultures and belief systems in the... The Lords Prayer in Chinese language. ... St. ... This article attempts to list every significant event in the history of the European exploration of Asia. ... This is a collection of Roman Catholic individuals that are reported to have had the stunning ability to rise into the air in spite of their weight. ... The Roman Catholic Church in Japan is part of the worldwide Roman Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope and curia in Rome. ...

Catholic missionaries in China

Michel Benoist (Chinese: 蔣友仁; pinyin: , October 8, 1715 in Autun or Dijon, France – October 23, 1774 in Beijing, China of a stroke) was a Jesuit scientist, who stood in the service of the Chinese Qianlong Emperor for thirty years and is most noted for the waterworks he constructed for the emperor. ... Giuseppe Castiglione (郎世宁 1688-1766) was a Jesuit missionary to China. ... The standard author abbreviation David may be used to indicate this person in citing a botanical name. ... Matteo Ricci. ... Johann Adam Schall von Bell (Chinese: 湯若望) (1591 - 15 August 1666) was a German Jesuit missionary to China. ... Father Ferdinand Verbiest (October 9, 1623-January 28, 1688) was a Belgian Jesuit missionary in China. ...

Protestant missionaries in China

See separate article List of Protestant missionaries in China.

Beginning in 1807, with the arrival of Robert Morrison of the London Missionary Society and ending in 1953 with the departure of Arthur and Wilda Mathews of the China Inland Mission, foreign Protestant missionaries lived and worked in China. ...

External links

John A. Hardon, S.J. (June 18, 1914 - December 30, 2000) was a Catholic priest, writer, and theologian. ...


 
 

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