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Encyclopedia > St. Charles, Illinois

St. Charles is a city in Kane and DuPage counties of Illinois, United States, and is roughly 40 miles west of Chicago on Illinois Route 64. According to a 2004 census estimate, the city has a total population of 32,134. The official city slogan is Pride of the Fox, after the Fox River that runs through the center of town. St. Charles is part of a tri-city area along with Geneva and Batavia, all far-western suburbs of similar size and relative socioeconomic condition. Location in the state of Illinois Formed January 16, 1836 Seat Geneva Area  - Total  - Water 1,357 km² (524 mi²) 9 km² (4 mi²) 0. ... DuPage County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... Official language(s) English Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... See also U.S. 62 Interstate 64 U.S. 66 U.S. 67 Illinois Route 64 is an east-west road in north-central Illinois. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Fox River is a tributary of the Illinois River in the states of Wisconsin and Illinois in the United States. ... Tri-Cities is an appellation used to refer to several municipal areas in the United States, each of which consists mainly of three small cities of approximately the same size and regional importance. ... Incorporated City in 1887. ... Batavia is a city in Kane County, Illinois. ...

Contents

History

Early history

After the Black Hawk War in 1832 opened the Fox River valley to white settlement, Evan Shelby and William Franklin staked the first claim in what is now St. Charles in 1833. They came back in 1834 with their families from Indiana, and were joined by over a dozen other families later that year. The township was initially known as Charleston, but this name was already taken by the city of Charleston, Illinois so the name of Saint Charles (suggested by S. S. Jones, a lawyer) was adopted in 1839. St. Charles became incorporated as a city in 1874. Combatants United States Sauk Nation Commanders Henry Atkinson Henry Dodge Adam Snyder Isaiah Stillman Samuel Whiteside Black Hawk Strength 2,000 Miltia 1,500 Regulars volunteers? Indian allies ? 1000 The majority were women and children Casualties 33 killed in action 39 non-combatants killed 450-600 The Black Hawk War... 1832 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1833 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1834 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Official language(s) English Capital Indianapolis Largest city Indianapolis Area  Ranked 38th  - Total 36,418 sq mi (94,321 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 270 miles (435 km)  - % water 1. ... Charleston is the county seat of Coles County, IllinoisGR6. ... 1839 (MDCCCXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Several "stations" of the slavery-era Underground Railroad were in St. Charles homes, complete with tunnels and false doorways; there was also an open abolitionist group called the Kane County Anti-Slavery Society, founded in 1842, with about 180 members. Slave sale in Easton, Maryland The history of slavery in the United States began soon after Europeans first settled in what became the United States. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... This English poster depicting the horrific conditions on slave ships was influential in mobilizing public opinion against slavery. ...


Transportation History

St. Charles was a very isolated place early on in its existence. The village was located three days away from Chicago, and the Fox River was not navigable for large boats. By the 1850s, St. Charles had begun construction of a plank road to Sycamore but turned down an offer by the Galena and Chicago Union Railroad to construct a line through the town, which was eventually built in nearby Elgin. Lack of regional connections in the early years kept the town relatively small. St. Charles was without a railroad until 1871 when a branch line from Geneva was constructed, and was without a direct connection to Chicago until the 1880s with the coming of the Chicago Great Western Railway. Streetcar lines along the Fox River between Elgin and Aurora were built through the city in 1896. A direct automobile route to Chicago, which eventually became Route 64, was constructed in 1920. // Events and Trends Technology Production of steel revolutionised by invention of the Bessemer process Benjamin Silliman fractionates petroleum by distillation for the first time First transatlantic telegraph cable laid First safety elevator installed by Elisha Otis Science Charles Darwin publishes The Origin of Species, putting forward the theory of evolution... A plank road or puncheon is a dirt path or road covered with a series of planks, similar to the wooden sidewalks one would see in a Western movie. ... Sycamore is a city in DeKalb County, Illinois, United States. ... The Galena and Chicago Union Railroad (G&CU) was a railroad running west from Chicago to Clinton, Iowa and Freeport, Illinois, never reaching Galena, Illinois. ... Incorporated City in 1854. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... // Development and commercial production of electric lighting Development and commercial production of gasoline-powered automobile by Karl Benz, Gottlieb Daimler and Maybach First commercial production and sales of phonographs and phonograph recordings. ... The Chicago Great Western Railway (AAR reporting mark CGW) was a Class I railroad that linked Chicago, Minneapolis, Omaha, and Kansas City. ... A CLRV Streetcar in the City of Toronto. ... Nickname: City of Lights Location in Chicagoland Country United States State Illinois Counties Kane, DuPage, Kendall and Will Mayor Tom Weisner (D) Area    - City 102. ... Year 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar). ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ...


Immigration History

St. Charles was also the place of settlement for diverse groups of European immigrants, including those from Ireland and Sweden during the 1840s and '50s, and later, groups from Belgium and Lithuania. This article is becoming very long. ... // Events and Trends Technology First use of general anesthesia in an operation, by Crawford Long The first electrical telegraph sent by Samuel Morse on May 24, 1844 from Baltimore to Washington, D.C.. War, peace and politics First signing of the Treaty of Waitangi (Te Tiriti o Waitangi) on February... // Events and Trends Technology Production of steel revolutionised by invention of the Bessemer process Benjamin Silliman fractionates petroleum by distillation for the first time First transatlantic telegraph cable laid First safety elevator installed by Elisha Otis Science Charles Darwin publishes The Origin of Species, putting forward the theory of evolution...

 Downtown St. Charles.
Downtown St. Charles.

Selected census results for St. Charles over time are: Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2304x1728, 672 KB) Summary Downtown St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2304x1728, 672 KB) Summary Downtown St. ...

St. Charles population vs. time.
St. Charles population vs. time.
  • 1850: 2,132
  • 1860: 1,822
  • 1880: 1,533
  • 1890: 1,690
  • 1900: 2,675
  • 1910: 4,046
  • 1920: 4,099
  • 1930: 5,377
  • 1940: 5,870
  • 1950: 6,709
  • 1960: 9,269 [1]
  • 1970: 12,928
  • 1972: 14,239
  • 1977: 16,145
  • 1980: 17,492
  • 1985: 18,266
  • 1987: 20,383
  • 1989: 21,992
  • 1990: 22,620
  • 1992: 23,847
  • 1994: 25,282
  • 1997: 26,286
  • 2000: 27,896
  • 2004 (est.): 32,134 [2]

Source through 1950: John Clayton, The Illinois Fact Book and Historical Almanac, 1673-1968 (S. Ill. Univ. Press: Carbondale IL, 1970), p. 39-44. See links for later data. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (792x612, 8 KB) Summary Graph created with Grace (plotting tool) using census data for St. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (792x612, 8 KB) Summary Graph created with Grace (plotting tool) using census data for St. ...


Geography

St. Charles is located at 41°54'49" North, 88°18'39" West (41.913744, -88.31085)GR1.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 36.6 km² (14.1 mi²). 36.2 km² (14.0 mi²) of it is land and 0.4 km² (0.2 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 1.13% water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

The following data is from the 2000 census: This article is about the year 2000. ...


The population density is 769.9/km² (1,993.9/mi²). There are 11,072 housing units at an average density of 305.6/km² (791.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 93.81% White, 1.66% African American, 0.14% Native American, 1.79% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 1.66% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. 5.50% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There are 10,351 households out of which 36.4% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.1% are married couples living together, 8.0% have a female householder with no husband present, and 28.3% are non-families. 23.5% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.0% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.62 and the average family size is 3.13. Matrimony redirects here. ...


In the city the population is spread out with 27.8% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 37 years. For every 100 females there are 99.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 94.2 males.


The median income for a household in the city is $69,424, and the median income for a family is $82,828. Males have a median income of $55,864 versus $35,134 for females. The per capita income for the city is $33,969. 3.4% of the population and 2.1% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 3.4% of those under the age of 18 and 3.9% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Education

The public education system in St. Charles is operated by the Community Unit School District 303.


District 303 currently has twelve elementary schools: Anderson, Bell-Graham, Corron, Davis, Ferson Creek, Fox Ridge, Lincoln, Munhall, Norton Creek, Richmond, Wasco, and Wild Rose; three middle schools: Haines, Thompson and Wredling; and two high schools: St. Charles East, and St. Charles North. A large elementary school in Magome, Japan. ... Middle school (also known as intermediate school or junior high school) covers a period of education that straddles primary education and secondary education, serving as a bridge between the two. ... Wredling Middle School is a public three-year middle school located in St. ... Main article: Secondary education High school is a name used in some parts of the world, and particularly in North America, to describe the last segment of compulsory education. ... Saint Charles East High School is a public four-year high school located in St. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Culture

St. Charles is the home of the Kane County Fair [3] in July and the Kane CountyFlea Market [4] the first Sunday and preceeding Saturday of every month (Never cancels). Downtown St. Charles' Lincoln Park serves as the central location for two annual citywide events: the Pride of the Fox RiverFest[5] in June, and the Scarecrow Festival[6] in October. St. Charles is also home to the Fox Valley Concert Band. Roundabouts (or carousels) are traditional attractions, often seen at fairs. ... A typical flea market shop, in Germany Swap meet redirects here. ...


Downtown St. Charles was named one of the region's "Top 10" by the Chicago Tribune for fine dining, arts and entertainment, recreational opportunities, unique shopping, and a lively nighttime personality [7]. The Chicago Tribune is a major daily newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois. ...


The St. Charles Heritage Center maintains two small museums in historic local buildings.


External links


Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Flag of Illinois Municipalities and Communities of Kane County, Illinois
(County Seat: Geneva)
This box: view  talk  edit
Cities, Towns and Villages Algonquin | Aurora | Barrington Hills | Batavia | Big Rock | Burlington | Carpentersville | East Dundee | Elburn | Elgin | Geneva | Gilberts | Hampshire | Huntley | Lily Lake | Maple Park | Montgomery | North Aurora | Pingree Grove | St. Charles | Sleepy Hollow | South Elgin | Sugar Grove | Virgil | Wayne | West Dundee
Townships Aurora | Batavia | Big Rock | Blackberry | Burlington | Campton | Dundee | Elgin | Geneva | Hampshire | Kaneville | Plato | Rutland | St. Charles | Sugar Grove | Virgil
Points of Interest Fox River | Golden Corridor | Great Western Trail | Illinois Prairie Path | Illinois Technology and Research Corridor
Higher Education Aurora University | Elgin Community College | Judson College | National-Louis University | Waubonsee Community College
Hospitals Delnor Hospital | Sherman Hospital
Airports Aurora Airport
Flag of Illinois DuPage County, Illinois
(County Seat: Wheaton)
This box: view  talk  edit
Municipalities Aurora | Addison | Bartlett | Batavia | Bensenville | Bloomingdale | Bolingbrook | Burr Ridge | Carol Stream | Chicago | Clarendon Hills | Darien | Downers Grove | Elk Grove Village | Elmhurst | Glendale Heights | Glen Ellyn | Hanover Park | Hinsdale | Itasca | Lemont | Lisle | Lombard | Naperville | Oak Brook | Oakbrook Terrace | Roselle | Schaumburg | St. Charles | Villa Park | Warrenville | Wayne | West Chicago | Westmont | Wheaton | Willowbrook | Winfield | Wood Dale | Woodridge
Townships Addison | Bloomingdale | Downers Grove | Lisle | Milton | Naperville | Wayne | Winfield | York
Points of Interest Argonne National Laboratory | Central DuPage Hospital | DuPage River | Fermilab | Great Western Trail | Illinois Prairie Path | Illinois Technology and Research Corridor | Morton Arboretum
Higher Education Benedictine University | College of DuPage | DePaul University | Elmhurst College | Illinois Institute of Technology | Midwestern University | National-Louis University | North Central College | Northern Illinois University | Wheaton College
Transportation DuPage Airport | Metra | Pace | Ronald Reagan Memorial Tollway | North-South Tollway | Tri-State Tollway | Interstate 290 | Interstate 55 | Elgin-O'Hare Expressway | Kingery Highway
Flag of Illinois State of Illinois
Springfield (capital)
Topics History | Government | Economy | Culture
Regions American Bottom | Central Illinois | Champaign-Urbana | Chicagoland | Coulee Region | Forgottonia | Fox Valley | Little Egypt | St. Louis Metro-East | Northern Illinois | Northwestern Illinois | Quad Cities | River Bend | Wabash Valley
Major cities Aurora | Belleville | Bloomington/Normal | Carbondale | Champaign/Urbana | Chicago | Danville | Decatur | DeKalb | East St. Louis | Elgin | Freeport | Galesburg | Joliet | Kankakee | Moline/Rock Island | Naperville | Peoria | Quincy | Rockford | Springfield | Waukegan
Counties Adams | Alexander | Bond | Boone | Brown | Bureau | Calhoun | Carroll | Cass | Champaign | Christian | Clark | Clay | Clinton | Coles | Cook | Crawford | Cumberland | DeKalb | DeWitt | Douglas | DuPage | Edgar | Edwards | Effingham | Fayette | Ford | Franklin | Fulton | Gallatin | Greene | Grundy | Hamilton | Hancock | Hardin | Henderson | Henry | Iroquois | Jackson | Jasper | Jefferson | Jersey | Jo Daviess | Johnson | Kane | Kankakee | Kendall | Knox | LaSalle | Lake | Lawrence | Lee | Livingston | Logan | Macon | Macoupin | Madison | Marion | Marshall | Mason | Massac | McDonough | McHenry | McLean | Menard | Mercer | Monroe | Montgomery | Morgan | Moultrie | Ogle | Peoria | Perry | Piatt | Pike | Pope | Pulaski | Putnam | Randolph | Richland | Rock Island | Saline | Sangamon | Schuyler | Scott | Shelby | St. Clair | Stark | Stephenson | Tazewell | Union | Vermilion | Wabash | Warren | Washington | Wayne | White | Whiteside | Will | Williamson | Winnebago | Woodford

 
 

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