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Encyclopedia > St. Catharines, Ontario
City of St. Catharines
Historic buildings line St. Paul Street in Downtown St. Catharines; the former bed of the First Welland canal is in the foreground.

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Coat of arms

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Nickname: The Garden City
Motto: Industry and Liberality
Location of St. Catharines and its census metropolitan area in Ontario
Country Canada
Province Ontario
Region Niagara
Settled 1783
Incorporated 1845 (town)
  1876 (city)
Government
 - Mayor Brian McMullan
 - Governing body St. Catharines City Council
 - MPs Rick Dykstra
 - MPPs Jim Bradley
Area
 - City 96.11 km² (37.1 sq mi)
 - Urban 382.68 km² (147.8 sq mi)
 - Metro 1,397.50 km² (539.6 sq mi)
Elevation 97.8 m (321 ft)
Population (2006)
 - City 131,989 (Ranked 33rd)
 - Density 1,373.3/km² (3,556.8/sq mi)
 - Urban 308,596 (Ranked 12th)
 - Urban Density 545.02/km² (1,411.6/sq mi)
 - Metro 390,317 (Ranked 12th)
 - Metro Density 279.3/km² (723.4/sq mi)
  Source: Statistics Canada
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal code L2M-L2W, L0S
Area code(s) 905/289
Website: City of St. Catharines

St. Catharines (2006 population 131,989; metropolitan population 390,317) is the largest city in the Niagara Region and the sixth largest urban area in Ontario, Canada, with 97.11 square kilometres (37.5 sq mi) of land. It lies 51 kilometres (32 mi) south of Toronto across Lake Ontario and is 19 kilometres (12 mi) inland from the international boundary with the United States of America along the Niagara River. It is the northern entrance of the Welland Canal. Residents of St. Catharines are known as St. Catharinites. Image File history File linksMetadata St_Catharines_Low_Level_Lot. ... Image File history File links Stcatsflag. ... Flag of St. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The original Coat of Arms of the City of St. ... Image File history File links Stcatslogo. ... EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links StCatsNiagaraOn. ... A census metropolitan area, or CMA is a Canadian census subdivision comprising a large urban area (known as the urban core) and adjacent areas (known as urban and rural fringes) that have a high degree of social and economic integration with the urban core. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 107 Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ontario. ... In the Canadian province of Ontario, there are three different types of census divisions: single-tier municipalities, upper-tier municipalities (which can be regional municipalities or counties) and districts. ... Heraldic Motto: Unity, Responsibility, Loyalty Corporate Motto: Building Communities, Building Lives Location of the Niagara Region within Ontario Area: 1,852 sq. ... Image File history File links RMNiagaraFlag. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... Brian James McMullan is the mayor of St. ... The St. ... Type Lower House Speaker Peter Milliken, Liberal since January 29, 2001 Leader of the Government in the House of Commons Peter Van Loan, Conservative since January 4, 2007 Opposition House Leader Ralph Goodale, Liberal since January 23, 2006 Members 308 Political groups Conservative Party Liberal Party Bloc Québécois... Rick Dykstra is a Canadian politician. ... The Provincial Parliament of Ontario, is the legislature of the Canadian province of Ontario. ... James J. Bradley (born February 19, 1945 in Sudbury, Ontario, Canada) is a long-time Ontario Liberal Party politician and Member of Provincial Parliament (MPP) in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The table below lists the 100 largest municipalities in Canada by population, using data from the Canada 2006 census for census subdivisions. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... The urban areas identified below are defined by Statistics Canada with reference to continuous population density, ignoring municipal boundaries. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The table below lists the 100 largest metropolitan areas in Canada by population, using data from the Canada 2001 Census[1] and the Canada 2006 Census. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Eastern Daylight Time or EDT is equal to: In North America, Eastern Standard Time + 1, or UTC − 4 hours. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Area code 905 (1-905) (with overlay Area code 289) is a telephone dialing area for south central Ontario. ... Heraldic Motto: Unity, Responsibility, Loyalty Corporate Motto: Building Communities, Building Lives Location of the Niagara Region within Ontario Area: 1,852 sq. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 107 Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... “km” redirects here. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by the Canadian province of Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, USA, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... Satellite image of the Niagara River. ... A ship transits the Welland Canal, with the Homer Lift Bridge and Garden City Skyway in background. ... The following people were born in, residents of, or are otherwise closely connected to the city of St. ...


St. Catharines carries the official nickname "The Garden City" due to its 1,000 acres (4 km²) of meticulously groomed parks, gardens and trails. An acre is the name of a unit of area in a number of different systems, including Imperial units and United States customary units. ...


Manufacturing is the city's dominant industry, as noted by the heraldic motto, "Industry and Liberality". General Motors operates two plants in the city and until recently was the city's largest employer, an honour now held by the District School Board of Niagara. TRW operate a plant in the city, though in recent years employment has shifted from heavy industry and manufacturing to services. Heraldry is the science and art of describing of coats-of-arms, also referred to as achievements or armorial bearings. ... General Motors Corporation (NYSE: GM), also known as GM, is an American automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab and Vauxhall. ... The Standard DSBN Insignia DSBN Insignia - Animated Variant District School Board of Niagara (DSBN) is a school board in the public school system of Ontario, Canada, in the Regional Municipality of Niagara. ... TRW Incorporated was an American corporation involved in a number of businesses, mostly defense-related, but including automotive supply and credit reporting. ...


St. Catharines lies on one of the main telecommunications backbones between Canada and the United States, and as a result a number of call centres operate in the city. Combined, call centres employ the largest percentage of St. Catharines residents. NuComm International, a Canadian call centre operator, is headquartered in downtown St. Catharines. Each line is drawn between two nodes, representing two IP addresses. ... A very large collections call centre in Lakeland, FL. A call centre or call center (see spelling differences) is a centralised office used for the purpose of receiving and transmitting a large volume of requests by telephone. ... NuComm International is a Canadian-based provider of customer relationship and call center services. ... Montebello Park The Old Courthouse, at the corner of James and King streets The downtown core of St. ...

Contents

History

The city was first settled by Loyalists in the 1780s. The first settlers, Sergeant Jacob Dittrick and Private John Hainer of Butler's Rangers, came to the area where Dick's Creek met Twelve Mile Creek. Dick's Creek was named after another early settler, Richard Pierpoint, a native of Bundu (now part of Senegal). Pierpoint was commonly known as Captain Dick. This part of the settlement eventually became the centre of town. Native trails were used as travel routes, resulting in present day radial road pattern from the city centre. Britannia gives a heros welcome to returning American Loyalists. ... Butlers Rangers (1777–1784) was a Loyalist (or Tory) irregular militia regiment in the British Army during the American Revolutionary War. ...


The first business, a goods storehouse owned by Robert Hamilton, was established around 1783. The first mill, Crown Mills, was opened in 1786. The surrounding land was surveyed, and townships created, between 1787 and 1789. The small settlement was known at the time as "The Twelve".


In 1797, the first inn was built by Thomas Adams, located on the east side of Ontario Street next to what is now St. Paul Street. It became a community meeting place and stagecoach rest stop. In 1798, "The Twelve" became known as "Shipman's Corners", after the inn's new owner, Paul Shipman. According to some sources, St. Paul Street - the main route in and out of the city at the time - was named after him also. Inns are establishments where travellers can procure food, drink, and lodging. ...

The art deco facade of St. Catharines City Hall (completed 1937)
The art deco facade of St. Catharines City Hall (completed 1937)

As Shipman's Corners, the town was visited by Laura Secord during the War of 1812, en route to warn James Fitzgibbon of the advancing Americans. She was travelling with her niece Elizabeth Secord, but Elizabeth was exhausted at that point and ceased her journey there. Laura Secord continued on to warn Fitzgibbon successfully. Image File history File linksMetadata St_Catharines_City_Hall. ... Image File history File linksMetadata St_Catharines_City_Hall. ... Asheville City Hall. ... Statue of Laura Secord at the Valiants Memorial in Ottawa Laura Secord (née Ingersoll) (September 13, 1775 – October 17, 1868) was a Canadian heroine of the War of 1812. ... This article is about the U.S. – U.K. war. ... James FitzGibbon JamesFitzGibbon (November 23, 1782 – December 10, 1863) was a British soldier and hero of the War of 1812. ...


In 1808, the first name "St. Catharines" appeared for the first time on a survey, named after Robert Hamilton's wife, Catharine Hamilton. In 1817, the post office was established with the name "St. Catherines" (sic), but by 1821, the name was officially "St. Catharines".


The first Welland Canal was constructed from 1824-33 behind what is now known as St. Paul Street, using Twelve Mile and Dick's Creek. William Hamilton Merritt worked tirelessly to promote the ambitious venture, both by raising funds and by enlisting government support. The canal established St. Catharines as the hub of commerce and industry for the Niagara Peninsula. A ship transits the Welland Canal, with the Homer Lift Bridge and Garden City Skyway in background. ... William Hamilton Merritt (3 July 1793 – 5 July 1862) was an influential figure in the Niagara Peninsula of Upper Canada in early 19th century and one of the fathers of the Welland Canal. ... Map of Southern Ontario showing Niagara Peninsula in red The Niagara Peninsula is the portion of Ontario, Canada lying on the south shore of Lake Ontario. ...


Merritt would also play a role in making St. Catharines an important place of abolitionist activity. In 1855, the British Methodist Episcopal Church and Salem Chapel was established at the corner of Geneva and North streets, on land granted to the congregation by Merritt in the early 1840s. The area became known to escaped slaves as a place of "refuge and rest", and cemented it as the final terminus on the Underground Railroad. This article is about the abolition of slavery. ... This article is about a 19th-century slave escape route. ...


The Town of St. Catharines was incorporated in 1845. St. Catharines was incorporated as a city in 1876.


Geography and climate

St. Catharines enjoys a unique micro-climate because of the moderating influence of Lake Ontario and Lake Erie and the sheltering effect of the Niagara Escarpment to the south. As a result, the city can record a large number of frost-free days in the winter. The summer season is predominantly warm, sometimes hot and humid, with the average temperature of 27°C (81°F) in July, but humidity is often high making feel more than 40 °C (104 °F) with the humidex factor. Categories: Stub | Ecology ... Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by the Canadian province of Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, USA, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the tenth largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ... Rattlesnake Point near Milton, Ontario. ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... Heat Index (HI) is an index that combines air temperature and relative humidity to determine an apparent temperature — how hot it actually feels. ...

Weather averages for St. Catharines
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C -0.5 0.3 5.4 12.2 19.4 24.3 27.1 25.9 21.5 14.9 8.3 2.4 13.4
Average low °C -7.7 -7.4 -3.2 2.1 7.8 13.3 16.4 15.7 11.6 5.6 0.9 -4.5 4.2
Precipitation mm 63.1 51.9 67.9 77.8 74.9 82.5 73.6 72.1 91.5 68.5 75.5 74.2 873.6
Average high °F 31.1 32.5 41.7 54.0 66.9 75.7 80.8 78.6 70.7 58.8 46.9 36.3 56.1
Average low °F 18.1 18.9 26.2 35.8 46.0 55.9 61.5 60.3 52.9 42.1 33.6 23.9 39.6
Precipitation inch 2.48 2.04 2.67 3.06 2.95 3.25 2.90 2.84 3.60 2.70 2.97 2.92 34.39
Source: Environment Canada [1] January 2006
Grapes from a family vineyard near the city's west-end
Grapes from a family vineyard near the city's west-end

The complex and extensive glacial history of the Niagara Peninsula has resulted in similarly complex soil stratigraphy in the area occupied by the city today. St. Catharines was once at the base of a glacial lake known as Glacial Lake Iroquois, which deposited thick layers of clay between the Escarpment and Lake Ontario. As a result of these factors, the city's soil is particularly conducive to fruit growing and is capable of producing grapes that are used to make award-winning wines. Three wineries operate in the city's west-end: Henry of Pelham, Hernder Estates and Harvest Estates. Image File history File links Niagara_Grape_Vines. ... Image File history File links Niagara_Grape_Vines. ... Map of Southern Ontario showing Niagara Peninsula in red The Niagara Peninsula is the portion of Ontario, Canada lying on the south shore of Lake Ontario. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Glacial Lake Iroquois was a prehistoric proglacial lake that existed at the end of the last ice age approximately 13,000 years ago. ...


Since the opening of the first Welland Canal in 1829, the city has seen four different canal systems, whether modified or newly constructed, carved into its geographical landscape. The fourth and present-day canal forms the majority of the city's eastern boundary. The first three of the city's canals have largely been buried, portions of it beneath the present-day Highway 406 and Queen Elizabeth Way. Other remnants of the original canals can still be seen in various locations throughout the city, many of which are hidden within forested areas designated as city parks. There has been a growing movement in recent years to restore the original routing of the Welland Canal through the city. The restored waterway and locks would be open to pleasure craft and create a new tourist attraction within the city. A ship transits the Welland Canal, with the Homer Lift Bridge and Garden City Skyway in background. ... Categories: Ontario provincial highways | Stub ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Major parks

Montebello Park
Montebello Park
The Old Courthouse, at the corner of James and King streets
The Old Courthouse, at the corner of James and King streets
  • Montebello Park - Designed by Frederick Law Olmsted in 1887, who went on to create New York City's Central Park. A commemorative rose garden with over 1,300 bushes in 25 varieties is the city's largest rose collection and features an ornamental fountain. The focal point of the park is a band shell and pavilion built in 1888. The park is designated under the Ontario Heritage Act.
  • Short Hills Provincial Park - Ontario's first provincial park, it is located in the Southwest portion of the city along the Niagara Escarpment.
  • Burgoyne Woods - A 50-hectare (0.5 km²) wooded area and recreational park located near the Downtown core.
  • Happy Rolph’s Bird Sanctuary - A 6-hectare (0.06 km²) park on the shores of Lake Ontario in the community of Port Weller. It is home to hundreds of native and migratory birds and features an exotic collection of flowering rhododendrons. An onsite petting farm (containing horses, pigs, sheep, goats and llamas, as well as a donkey named 'Hoti' -- 'Don Quixote') is operated by the city from Victoria Day to Thanksgiving Weekend. A trail running throughout the park leads to a peaceful waterfront memorial to Canadian victims of the 9/11 terrorist attacks.
  • Ontario Jaycee Gardens - Overlooking the Henley Rowing Course, this is the city's largest horticultural park with more than 8 hectares (0.08 km²) of meticulously landscaped gardens and flower displays. The park exists on land that once featured the Third Welland Canal. The former entrance to the canal can still be seen at the North-West end of the park.
  • Woodgale Park - Located along Glendale Avenue between Glenridge Avenue and the Pen Center. Features wide open spaces, Flowing fruit trees, rare birds, baseball diamond and tennis courts. Also features a memorial to the original farm building on the north end of the park near Denis Morris High school. Locally known as Doug Hill Park, after a nearby resident who coached a number of baseball and tug of war teams in the area.

Image File history File linksMetadata St_Catharines_Montebello. ... Image File history File linksMetadata St_Catharines_Montebello. ... Image File history File linksMetadata St_Catharines_Courthouse. ... Image File history File linksMetadata St_Catharines_Courthouse. ... {{Infobox Person | name = | image = FLOlmstead. ... 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Central Park is a large public, urban park (843 acres, 3. ... The Ontario Heritage Act allows municipalities and the provincial government to designate properties in the Province of Ontario, Canada as being of cultural heritage value or interest. Once a property has been designated, a property owner must apply to the local municipality for a permit to undertake alterations to any... Short Hills Provincial Park is a park located in the centre of the Niagara Peninsula, near the city of Thorold in the Niagara Region in southern Ontario. ... Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by the Canadian province of Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, USA, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... Port Weller, Ontario is a village located at a Latitude of 43°13 North and Longitude of 79°13 West in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Subgenera Azaleastrum Candidastrum Hymenanthes Mumeazalea Pentanthera (Azaleas) Rhododendron Therorhodion Tsutsusi (Azaleas) Vireya Source: RBG, Edinburgh Rhododendron (from the Greek: rhodos, rose, and dendron, tree) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Ericaceae. ... Queen Elizabeth II in Canada for her official birthday, Victoria Day 2005, Edmonton, Alberta Victoria Day (French: Fête de la Reine) is a Canadian statutory holiday celebrated on the last Monday before or on May 24 in honour of both Queen Victorias birthday and the current reigning Canadian... For the American holiday, see Thanksgiving (United States). ... The date that commonly refers to the attacks on United States citizens on September 11, 2001 (see the September 11, 2001 Attacks). ... A ship transits the Welland Canal, with the Homer Lift Bridge and Garden City Skyway in background. ... Thomas Rodman Merritt Source: Library and Archives Canada Thomas Rodman Merritt (October 17, 1824 – January 11, 1906) was an Ontario businessman and political figure in Upper Canada. ... William Hamilton Merritt (3 July 1793 – 5 July 1862) was an influential figure in the Niagara Peninsula of Upper Canada in early 19th century and one of the fathers of the Welland Canal. ... Landscape design is a part of landscape architecture. ... This article is about a type of botanical garden. ... Orders & Families Cordaitales † Pinales   Pinaceae - Pine family   Araucariaceae - Araucaria family   Podocarpaceae - Yellow-wood family   Sciadopityaceae - Umbrella-pine family   Cupressaceae - Cypress family   Cephalotaxaceae - Plum-yew family   Taxaceae - Yew family Vojnovskyales † Voltziales † The conifers, division Pinophyta, are one of 13 or 14 division level taxa within the Kingdom Plantae. ... Binomial name Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb. ...

Government and politics

Municipal

The Six Municipal Wards of St. Catharines
The Six Municipal Wards of St. Catharines

St. Catharines is governed by a mayor and city council of twelve city councillors, with two councillors representing each of the six municipal wards in the city. A city councillor is also elected by the council as a whole to serve as deputy mayor, who only fills the role should the elected mayor not be available. St. Catharines City Council meets every Monday and is open to participation by the community. Matters put forwarded are voted on by members of city council; the mayor presides over council debate and serves very much like the speaker, and as a result only votes in the case of a tie. After 2006, municipal elections will be in November every four years rather than the previous three. Unlike most cities its size, city councillors only serve on a part-time basis and continue with their non-political careers in the community. Only the mayor is elected to a full-time position. St. Catharines City Hall is located downtown on Church Street. Tim Rigby was the Mayor of St. Catharines from 1997 to 2006; Brian McMullan was elected to succeed Rigby on November 13, 2006, and was sworn-in on December 4. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (755x829, 72 KB)Map of the Wards in St. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (755x829, 72 KB)Map of the Wards in St. ... A ward is an electoral district used in local politics, most notably in England, Scotland, and Wales, as well as Australia, Canada, the Republic of Ireland, New Zealand, South Africa and many cities in the United States and the federal district of Washington, DC. Wards are usually named after neighbourhoods... The St. ... It has been suggested that Speakers of the House be merged into this article or section. ... Tim Rigby is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... Brian James McMullan is the mayor of St. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


St. Catharines uses a council-manager government, and as a result a Chief Administrative Officer is appointed by council to oversee the day-to-day operations of the city and its departments. The CAO, in effect, is the highest ranking municipal civil servant and has authority over the spending of municipal tax dollars. The CAO advises council on policy matters and acts as liaison between the administrative staff and elected officials. Some of the CAOs duties include assisting in the creation of the municipal budget, and ensuring that municipal funds are spent in a responsible manner. Colin Briggs is Acting CAO, replacing B. Robert Puhach who resigned in February 2007. The city expects to a hire a permanent replacement by Fall 2007. The council-manager government is one of two main variations of representative municipal government in the United States. ... A chief administrative officer (or CAO) is a corporate officer responsible for management of the personnel of the corporation. ...


Residents of St. Catharines also elect six regional councillors to the Niagara Regional Council on an at-large basis. Unlike other Regional Municipalities in Ontario, regional councillors do not sit on city council and instead only represent at the regional level. Four school board trustees for the District School Board of Niagara representing St. Catharines and Niagara-on-the-Lake are elected, as well as and three trustees for the Niagara Catholic District School Board, two for five of St. Catharines' wards, and one for Thorold and the Merriton Ward of St. Catharines. Regional councillors and school board trustees are elected at the same time, and on the same ballot, as the mayor and city councillors. The Niagara Regional Council is the governing body of the Regional Municipality of Niagara in Ontario, Canada. ... A regional municipality (or region) is a type of Canadian municipal government which works much like a county; the method of government depends on how it is defined. ... The Standard DSBN Insignia DSBN Insignia - Animated Variant District School Board of Niagara (DSBN) is a school board in the public school system of Ontario, Canada, in the Regional Municipality of Niagara. ... Niagara-on-the-Lake in the Niagara Region Niagara-on-the-Lake Niagara-on-the-Lake (2001 population 13,839) is a town where the Niagara River meets Lake Ontario in the Niagara Region, Ontario, Canada. ... The Niagara Catholic District School Board (NCDSB) is a school board in the public separate school system of Ontario, Canada, in the Regional Municipality of Niagara. ... City of Thorold Flag. ...


St. Catharines has one of the highest resident/representative ratios of any large city in Ontario. There are just under 7,000 people per elected municipal representative in St. Catharines, while Oshawa (a similar-sized city in Ontario) has one representative per 13,500 people. London, Ontario has one representative per 30,500 people, and Toronto has one representative per 55,000 people. There has been recent discussion regarding a modification of the city/regional council arrangement, with the possibility of reducing city council to six full-time representatives and having the six regional councillors serve on city council. While there is growing support in the business community for such an arrangement, city council has been unreceptive to such ideas. Oshawa (estimated 2004 population 150 000; metropolitan population 296 298) is a city on Lake Ontario located approximately 60 km east of downtown Toronto in Ontario, Canada. ... For other places with the same name, see London (disambiguation). ...


Provincial

Federal and provincial ridings representing St. Catharines
Federal and provincial ridings representing St. Catharines

At the provincial level, St. Catharines is well-known for electing high-profile members of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario. Jim Bradley, the current member for St. Catharines and Ontario's longest serving Member of Provincial Parliament, is the current Minister of Tourism in the Liberal government of Dalton McGuinty, and served as Minister of Environment in the government of David Peterson. Jim Bradley recently celebrated 30 years in provincial politics, and it was noted that he actually served in the Ontario Legislature with the parents of five current MPPs.[2] Peter Kormos, who represents the southern portions of the city as part of the Niagara Centre riding, is a prominent vocal member of the Ontario New Democratic Party caucus and served previously as Minister of Justice in the Bob Rae government. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (755x829, 77 KB)Provincial and Federal Ridings representing St. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (755x829, 77 KB)Provincial and Federal Ridings representing St. ... St. ... The Provincial Parliament of Ontario, is the legislature of the Canadian province of Ontario. ... James J. Bradley (born February 19, 1945 in Sudbury, Ontario) is a long-time Ontario Liberal Party politician and MPP in the Ontario legislature. ... A Member of Provincial Parliament (MPP) is an elected member of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Ontario, Canada. ... The Ontario Liberal Party is a centrist provincial political party in the province of Ontario, Canada. ... Dalton James Patrick McGuinty, Jr. ... The Honourable David Robert Peterson, PC , LL.B , BA (born December 28, 1943 in Toronto, Ontario) was the twentieth Premier of the Province of Ontario, Canada, from June 26, 1985 to October 1, 1990. ... Peter Kormos (born October 7, 1952 in Welland, Ontario) is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... Niagara Centre was a former federal electoral district represented in the Canadian House of Commons, and located in the province of Ontario. ... The Ontario New Democratic Party (formerly known as the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, Ontario Section) is a social democratic political party in Ontario, Canada. ... Hon. ...


From 1999 to 2003, during the premierships of Mike Harris and Ernie Eves, St. Catharines was one of the few large cities in Ontario to not have at least one government member representing the city, as the Progressive Conservative-held ridings of Lincoln and St. Catharines—Brock were eliminated as a cost saving measure. Robert Welch, a long-time Deputy Premier of Ontario, represented the now-eliminated Lincoln and St. Catharines—Brock ridings throughout the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s. Michael Deane Harris (born January 23, 1945, in Toronto, Ontario) was the twenty-second Premier of Ontario from June 26, 1995 to April 15, 2002. ... Ernest Eves (born June 17, 1946) was the twenty-third Premier of the province of Ontario, Canada, from April 15, 2002, to October 23, 2003. ... John Sandfield Macdonald The Ontario PC Party, formally known as the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario, is a right-of-centre political party in Ontario, Canada. ... Lincoln was twice a federal electoral district on the Niagara Peninsula in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Robert Stanley Kemp Bob Welch, OC (July 13, 1928—July 29, 2000) was a Canadian politician. ... The Deputy Premier of Ontario is the representative of the Premier of Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario when the current Premier is unable to attend functions executed by the Premier. ...


Federal

Federally, St. Catharines is one of the most bellwether of any riding in Canada, having only elected an opposition MP twice in its history. Rick Dykstra is the current MP for St. Catharines and is a member of the Conservative Party of Canada, which currently forms Canada's government. The southern portion of the city is included as part of the Welland riding, and is represented by John Maloney, a Liberal MP. Most federal representatives from St. Catharines have maintained a low profile on either the government or opposition backbenches. The exception was Gilbert Parent, who served as Speaker of the House for seven years while Jean Chrétien was Prime Minister. St. ... This article is about Bellwethers in general. ... Rick Dykstra is a Canadian politician. ... The Conservative Party of Canada (French: Parti conservateur du Canada), colloquially known as the Tories, is a conservative political party in Canada, formed by the merger of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in December 2003. ... Welland is the name of a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada. ... John David Maloney (born January 5, 1945 in Welland, Ontario) is a Canadian politician. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: ), colloquially known as the Grits (originally Clear Grits), is a Canadian federal political party. ... A backbencher is a Member of Parliament or a legislator who does not hold governmental office and is not a Front Bench spokesperson in the Opposition. ... Gilbert Parent was a Canadian Member of Parliament. ... Current house speaker Peter Milliken In Canada the Speaker of the House of Commons (French: Président de la Chambre des communes) is the presiding officer of the lower house and is elected by fellow MPs. ... Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien, usually known as Jean Chrétien, PC, QC, BA, BCL, LLD (h. ...


Legal

St. Catharines is the judicial seat of the Niagara North Judicial District of Ontario, Central West Region, which represents the northern half of the Niagara Region equivalent to historic Lincoln County. The Superior Court of Justice is located on Church Street across from City Hall. A satellite court is located in Grimsby. James Ramsey is the current Crown Attorney. Lincoln County is a historic county in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Location of Grimsby in the Niagara Region Grimsby (2001 population 21,297) is a town on Lake Ontario in the Niagara Region, Ontario, Canada. ... Crown Attorney or Crown Counsel are the public prosecutor in the legal system of Canada. ...


The city forms "1 District" of the Niagara Regional Police Service. The NRPS headquarters are located on Church Street, with administrative offices on James Street and support services on Cushman Road. The Niagara Regional Police Service (NRPS) provides policing services for the Regional Municipality of Niagara, Ontario, Canada. ...


Transportation

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
A ship traversing the Welland Canal, with the Garden City Skyway in the background.
A ship traversing the Welland Canal, with the Garden City Skyway in the background.

The most defining transportation icon of St. Catharines is the Welland Canal, a ship canal that runs 43.4 kilometres (27.0 mi), passing through the city. Three of its locks are within city boundaries. The canal allows shipping vessels to traverse the 99.5 metre (326.5 ft) drop in altitute from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario. Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2049 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2049 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: St. ... A ship transits the Welland Canal, with the Homer Lift Bridge and Garden City Skyway in background. ... A ship canal is a canal especially constructed to carry ocean-going ships, as opposed to barges. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ...


The main access routes into and out of St. Catharines are served by two major freeways. The Queen Elizabeth Way runs east (at 15-Mile Creek) to west (at Garden City Skyway) and Highway 406 runs north (at QEW) to south (at St. David's Road). Prior to the construction of these freeways, St. Paul Street (former Highway 8, now Regional Road 81) and Hartzel Road (former Highway 58, now a city-maintained street) provided east-west and north-south access to the city. The QEW is currently undergoing an extensive reconstruction and widening project through the city, which will see it reduced to one lane in both directions for the majority of the construction project. Motorists travelling through St. Catharines are advised to bypass the city, and the Ministry of Transportation has posted special detour signs directing traffic to exit and follow Thorold Stone Road in Niagara Falls through the Thorold Tunnel and back to the QEW via Highway 406. The construction project is expected to be complete by 2012. For specific systems, such as the Autobahns of Germany, see list of highway systems with full control of access and no cross traffic. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Garden City Skyway is a major high-level bridge allowing the Queen Elizabeth Way to cross the Welland Canal without the interruption of a lift bridge. ... Highway 406 is a 400-series highway in Ontario, Canada. ... Ontario provincial highway 8 is a primary highway (also known as a Kings Highway) in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Niagara Regional Road 81 is among one of the longest Niagara Regional Roads in Niagara Region, Ontario, Canada, and served as the routing of Highway 8 prior to its decomisioning in 1970. ... Ontario Provincial Highway 58 is a provincially maintained highway in the Niagara Region in Ontario, Canada. ... Skyline of Niagara Falls, Canada, as seen from Niagara Falls State Park across the river. ... The Thorold Tunnel, located in Thorold, Ontario, Canada, is an underwater tunnel, carrying Highway 58 across the Welland Canal. ...


Public transportation is served by the St. Catharines Transit Commission, which operates bus routes throughout the city and neighbouring Thorold.

Ministry of Transportation Headquarters
Ministry of Transportation Headquarters

All major routes converge at the St. Catharines Bus Terminal, which is located downtown within the heaquarters of the Ontario Ministry of Transportation. The central station is also served by Greyhound Lines and Coach Canada, en route to Toronto and New York City and connecting it to major cities throughout Canada and the United States. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (849x576, 230 KB) Summary Taken by User:Trappy, April 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (849x576, 230 KB) Summary Taken by User:Trappy, April 2006. ... Ministry of Transportation Headquarters in St. ... Calgary-based Greyhound Canada is a subsidiary of Naperville, Illinois-based Laidlaw International, Incorporated (formerly Laidlaw, Inc. ... Trentway-Wagar (Coach Canada) Motor Coach Industries MCI 102DL3 3313 returning from the Toronto Bus Terminal, at University Avenue and Front Street. ...


Though transportation by rail is becoming increasingly popular, the St. Catharines train station is largely underutilized, with car and bus travel being the dominant forms of transportation for the city. The station is located in its original building, outside the downcore core (because of issues involving the crossing of 12-Mile Creek). It is served daily by VIA Rail and Amtrak trains connecting it to Toronto and New York City. The provincial and federal government recently committed $385 million each to GO Transit to aid in the development of their 10-Year Capital Expansion Plan, which includes an expansion bus line servicing the Niagara Region. A potential rail link with GO Transit in the near future continues to be debated in St. Catharines. St. ... VIA Rails trains travelling by Highway 401 near Brockville, Ontario. ... The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... // GO Transit (AAR reporting marks GOT), officially known as the Greater Toronto Transit Authority (GTTA), is Canadas first, and Ontarios only, interregional public transit system, established to link Toronto with the surrounding regions of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA). ... // GO Transit (AAR reporting marks GOT), officially known as the Greater Toronto Transit Authority (GTTA), is Canadas first, and Ontarios only, interregional public transit system, established to link Toronto with the surrounding regions of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA). ...


St. Catharines/Niagara District Airport services general aviation as well as chartered jetliner flights. It is located near the city's east-end in neighbouring Niagara-on-the-Lake. St. ... General aviation (abbr. ... The de Havilland Comet 1, G-ALYP - The first production Comet. ... Niagara-on-the-Lake in the Niagara Region Niagara-on-the-Lake Niagara-on-the-Lake (2001 population 13,839) is a town where the Niagara River meets Lake Ontario in the Niagara Region, Ontario, Canada. ...


St. Catharines was the first - and last remaining - location in the world to have a working interurban electric streetcar route, which ran between the city and Merritton and was eventually extended to Port Dalhousie in the north and Thorold to the south. Like most streetcar routes throughout the world, it was decommissioned in the 1960s, and the right-of-way has since been converted to parks and trails. An interurban, also called a radial railway in parts of Canada, is a streetcar line running between urban areas or from urban to rural areas. ... a historic postcard showing electric trolley-powered streetcars in Richmond, Virginia, where Frank J. Sprague successfully demonstrated his new system on the hills in 1888 A streetcar is a railway vehicle designed to carry passengers on tracks, usually laid in city streets. ... The Keg Restaurant Merritton is both a distinct community within and an electoral riding of St. ... The historic Lighthouse & pier Port Dalhousie, in relation to other nearby lakeports. ... City of Thorold Flag. ...


Education

St. Catharines is home to Brock University (established 1964), a modern comprehensive university located on the Niagara Escarpment. A partnership between the university and the Ontario Grape and Wine Industry established the city as a centre for cool-climate grape and wine research. "Brock" offers an Honours Bachelor of Science in Oenology and Viticulture. Brock University is a modern comprehensive university located in St. ... B.S. redirects here. ... Oenology is the study of wines in general. ... wine grapes Viticulture (from the Latin word for vine) is the science, production and study of grapes which deals with the series of events that occur in the vineyard. ...


St Catharines is also home to Niagara College. Niagara College has brought Canada its first Teaching Winery. The "Niagara College Teaching Winery" (or NCT for short) has created award winning wines. Niagara College has also taken home various medals from international wine competitions such as "Cuvee", "The Ontario Wine Awards" and "The Finger Lakes International Competition" to name a few. It is clear why key people in the Wine industry are approaching Niagara College for employees. Niagara College is the only fully licenced teaching winery in Canada.


McMaster University's Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine is set to open a satellite campus in St. Catharines in September 2008. The Hamilton, Ontario-based university will educate 15 first-year medical students in the city's first-ever med school. McMaster University is a highly regarded medium-sized research-intensive university located in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, with an enrollment of 18,238 full-time and 3,836 part-time students (as of 2006). ... Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Location in the province of Ontario, Canada Coordinates: , Country Province Incorporated June 9, 1846[1] Government  - Mayor Fred Eisenberger  - City Council Hamilton City Council  - MPs List of MPs Dean Allison Chris Charlton David Christopherson Wayne Marston David Sweet  - MPPs List of MPPs Sophia Aggelonitis Andrea... Medical school generally refers to a tertiary educational institution (or part of such an institution) which is involved in the education of future medical practitioners (medical doctors). ...


Ridley College, located near the city's downtown core in the Western Hill neighbourhood, is a distinguished co-educational boarding and day school. It was established as a boys' school in 1889, and became co-educational in 1973. Ridley College is a co-educational boarding and day university-preparatory school located in St. ...


A campus of the Niagara College of Applied Arts and Technology is located near the city's east end. The school's Horticultural Campus was once located on 360 Niagara Street in the 1970s-1990s but has since been relocated to Niagara-on-the-Lake. One of its greatest teachers, R. Roy Forster, was recognized with the Order of Canada on April 14, 1999, for his work in creating the VanDusen Botanical Garden in British Columbia. FREE YAYO Niagara College is a College of Applied Arts and Technology within the Niagara Region of Southern Ontario. ... Categories: Canada geography stubs | Ontario communities | Coastal towns of Canada ... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... VanDusen Botanical Garden is situated in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944...


The District School Board of Niagara (DSBN), responsible for managing a school system of nearly 119 faculties, contains 8 Secondary Schools in the city of St. Catharines. The Standard DSBN Insignia DSBN Insignia - Animated Variant District School Board of Niagara (DSBN) is a school board in the public school system of Ontario, Canada, in the Regional Municipality of Niagara. ...


The Niagara Catholic District School Board (NCDSB) operates 3 Catholic Secondary Schools within the city. The Niagara Catholic District School Board (NCDSB) is a school board in the public separate school system of Ontario, Canada, in the Regional Municipality of Niagara. ...


Communities and development

The Communities of St. Catharines
The Communities of St. Catharines

St. Catharines' development history has resulted in a number of unique and distinct communities within the city. The historical area of St. Catharines consisted of nothing more than what is now the downtown core, with the remaining land being part of Louth Township on the west and Grantham Township on the east. St. Catharines continued to steadily grow through the late 19th and early 20th centuries, eventually annexing land to the southwest that would become Western Hill and Old Glenridge, and to the east and north that would collectively become the central part of St. Catharines. In addition to the growth of St. Catharines, the Town of Merritton and the Town of Port Dalhousie existed as separate municipalities to the South and North of the city, each slowly growing their own residential base. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (755x829, 92 KB) Summary Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (755x829, 92 KB) Summary Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Sign welcoming visitors to Old Glenridge Glenridge is a community in the city of St. ... The Keg Restaurant Merritton is both a distinct community within and an electoral riding of St. ... The historic Lighthouse & pier Port Dalhousie, in relation to other nearby lakeports. ...

St. Catharines has grown by nearly 100,000 residents since 1956
St. Catharines has grown by nearly 100,000 residents since 1956

Along with the rest of Ontario, St. Catharines experienced explosive growth after World War II. St. Catharines continued to annex Grantham Township as development continued, including the large swaths of land to the north known now as "The North End". St. Catharines would also absorb Merritton and Port Dalhousie in 1961, making them part of the city. During this time, St. Catharines nearly tripled in population. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The North End of St. ...


With the formation of the Regional Municipality of Niagara in 1970, the portion of Louth Township east of Fifteen Mile Creek was transferred to the City of St. Catharines. This included the eastern portion of the Hamlet of Rockway, as well as the Hamlet of Power Glen. The few remaining portions of Grantham Township in the Northeast corner of the area, including Port Weller, were also transferred to the city. With the new Louth Township lands belonging to the city, St. Catharines would begin two developments in the west end - Martindale in 1983, and Vansickle in 1987. These developments are nearing completion. There was also a push to continue further expansion to the west in the late 1990s, but this has since been halted by Ontario Greenbelt legislation. Heraldic Motto: Unity, Responsibility, Loyalty Corporate Motto: Building Communities, Building Lives Location of the Niagara Region within Ontario Area: 1,852 sq. ... Power Glen is a hamlet located in the St. ... Port Weller, Ontario is a village located at a Latitude of 43°13 North and Longitude of 79°13 West in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... The Ontario Greenbelt (not to be confused with the Ottawa Greenbelt in the same province) is a permanently protected area of green space, farmland, forests, wetlands, and watersheds, located in Southern Ontario, Canada. ...


The following distinct communities exist within St. Catharines:

The corner of St. Paul and Queen streets in the downtown
The corner of St. Paul and Queen streets in the downtown
Lakeport Road, in Old Port Dalhousie
Lakeport Road, in Old Port Dalhousie

Image File history File links St_Catharines_StPaul_Queen. ... Image File history File links St_Catharines_StPaul_Queen. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Port_Dalhousie_Lakeport_Rd. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Port_Dalhousie_Lakeport_Rd. ... Sts. ... Michigan Beach is a small community in the city of St. ... The North End of St. ... The historic Lighthouse & pier Port Dalhousie, in relation to other nearby lakeports. ... St. ... Montebello Park The Old Courthouse, at the corner of James and King streets The downtown core of St. ... Martindale refers to an area in the city of St. ... Power Glen is a hamlet located in the St. ... Vansickle refers to an area in the city of St. ... The Keg Restaurant Merritton is both a distinct community within and an electoral riding of St. ... Sign welcoming visitors to Old Glenridge Glenridge is a community in the city of St. ...

Demographics

Ethnic Origin Population Percent
English 37,240 29.35%
Scottish 24,650 19.42%
Irish 20,390 16.07%
German 15,595 12.29%
French 14,750 11.62%
Italian 10,755 8.32%

[1] St. Catharines is an aging city as almost 1 in 5 individuals are of retirement age. As a result, the average age for the city is 40.3[2]. Also 1 in 5 inhabitants of St. Catharines are classified as foreign born as many immigrants from the United Kingdom, Italy, and Germany make the city their home. This article is about the English as an ethnic group and nation. ... This article is about the Scottish as an ethnic group. ...


By far, Christianity continues to be the dominant religion of the city. Some 81.0 percent of the population profess a Christian faith, the largest being various Protestant groups (42.9%), followed by Roman Catholicism (34.2%), while the remaining consists of Orthodox, and independent Christian groups. Non-Christian groups are also present, namely Islam (1.5%), Judaism (0.5%), and Buddhism (0.5%). (The city contains a synagogue and Jewish community centre, as well as a large mosque). The remaining 16.5% report no religion. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Separate articles treat Eastern Orthodox Christianity and Orthodox Judaism. ...

St. Thomas Anglican Church
St. Thomas Anglican Church

Employment Image File history File linksMetadata St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata St. ...

  • Employment rate: 58.2%
  • Unemployment rate: 6.5%
  • Average earnings: $30,997

Top five employers: . This coin features a red-coloured poppy embedded in the centre of a maple leaf above a banner reading Remember - Souvenir. The mint claims that this is the first colour coin in circulation in the world. ...

The Standard DSBN Insignia DSBN Insignia - Animated Variant District School Board of Niagara (DSBN) is a school board in the public school system of Ontario, Canada, in the Regional Municipality of Niagara. ... General Motors Corporation (NYSE: GM), also known as GM, is an American automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab and Vauxhall. ... The Niagara Health System (NHS) is Ontarios largest multi-site hospital amalgamation and the sole provider of acute inpatient care serving 411,000 residents across the 12 municipalities making up the Regional Municipality of Niagara. ... Brock University is a modern comprehensive university located in St. ... Sitel is a US company headquartered in Nashville, TN, which describes itself as a leading global provider of outsourced customer contact center services. It maintains over 145 call centers in 28 countries. ...

City issues

Like most large Canadian centres, a number of social issues affect the city, and St. Catharines is no exception. Since 1998, St. Catharines has had the highest obesity rates of any centre in Canada. A 2001 analysis by Statistics Canada showed that 57.3 per cent of its residents were overweight.[3] This has caused some elements of the media, including CTV,[3] the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation[4][5] and the Globe and Mail[6] to dub St. Catharines as Canada's "fattest" city. Statistics Canada (French: Statistique Canada) is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ... This article is about the Broadcast Television Network CTV, for the broadcasting television company see CTVglobemedia. ... Radio-Canada redirects here. ... The Globe and Mail is a large Canadian English language national newspaper based in Toronto. ...


St. Catharines also has a chronic shortage of social housing, causing hardship on low-income families.[3]. Downtown St. Catharines also has an unusually high vacancy rate of 10%,[4]causing The Globe and Mail in early 2005 to call St. Catharines the Garbage City.[5] Many have factored the decline of General Motors in the city as the chief cause of these issues, while others claim it has been a secretive and unreceptive city council. [citation needed] In 2006, many of these issues were brought to the forefront during municipal elections, with the hope that many of these issues can be addressed and changed in the coming years. [citation needed] The Globe and Mail is a Canadian English-language nationally distributed newspaper, based in Toronto and printed in six cities across the country. ... General Motors Corporation, also known as GM, an American multinational corporation, is the worlds largest auto company by production volume for the first 9 months of 2007, and by sales volume for 76 consecutive years. ... The St. ...


Poverty

The median income of $23,400 is the second lowest in Ontario (2004). Niagara Region medical officer of health, Robin Williams, has said, "We'll be a Dickensian society where the urban core is poor. There will be crime, the crumbling of society, urban decline." [7] Local residents refer to St. Catharines city hall as Bleak House. Charles Dickens used his rich imagination, sense of humour and detailed memories, particularly of his childhood, to enliven his fiction. ... Bleak House is the ninth novel by Charles Dickens, published in 20 monthly parts between March 1852 and September 1853. ...


Local media

Newspapers

The St. ... Pulse Niagara is a alternative weekly newspaper serving the Niagara Region in Ontario, Canada. ...

Radio

In addition, numerous tourist and travel advisory stations are available off-air in the Niagara area. CKTB is a radio station in St. ... For other uses, see News (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Talk Radio. ... CHSC is a radio station in St. ... CHTZ is a radio station in St. ... Active rock is a radio format used by many commercial radio stations in Canada and the United States. ... CFBU is the campus radio station of Brock University in St. ... Brock University is a modern comprehensive university located in St. ... Campus radio (also known as college radio, university radio or student radio) is a type of radio station that is run by the students of a college, university or other educational institution. ... CHRE is a radio station in St. ... CJEZ is a Canadian radio station, which broadcasts an adult contemporary format at 97. ... Adult contemporary music, frequently abbreciated to just AC, is a type of radio format that plays mainstream and pop music, without hip-hop or rap since, as per the name, it is geared more towards adults than teens. ...


Television

The Niagara region has no local television service of its own, although stations broadcasting from Toronto, Hamilton and Buffalo are available. In 2003, a local business consortium applied to the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission for a licence to operate TV Niagara, a community television station in St. Catharines. The application was denied by the CRTC in 2005, citing concerns about the group's business plan and its dependence on gaining audience share in the Toronto market. However, the organization has appealed to the Cabinet of Canada and hopes to continue gaining support for local television in Niagara. Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Location in the province of Ontario, Canada Coordinates: , Country Province Incorporated June 9, 1846[1] Government  - Mayor Fred Eisenberger  - City Council Hamilton City Council  - MPs List of MPs Dean Allison Chris Charlton David Christopherson Wayne Marston David Sweet  - MPPs List of MPPs Sophia Aggelonitis Andrea... Nickname: Location of Buffalo in New York State Coordinates: , Country State County Erie Government  - Mayor Byron Brown (D) Area  - City 52. ... The Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC, in French Conseil de la radiodiffusion et des télécommunications canadiennes) was established in 1968 by the Canadian Parliament to replace the Board of Broadcast Governors. ... Community Channel Community Channel broadcasts across the UK on digital cable (NTL and Telewest) and digital terrestrial television (Freeview), and also both the UK and Republic of Ireland on digital satellite television (Sky). ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Cabinet of Canada (French: Cabinet du Canada or Conseil des ministres) plays an important role in the Government of Canada in accordance with the Westminster System. ...


Online News

Sister cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Trinidad_and_Tobago. ... Port of Spain, population 49,000 (2000), is the capital of Trinidad and Tobago and the countrys second largest city by population, after San Fernando. ...

Sports and leisure

Lacrosse

St. Catharines Athletics logo
St. Catharines Athletics logo

St. Catharines has had long history of lacrosse in the city. The St. Catharines Athletics Jr. A squad has won seven league championships and six Minto Cup championships (1947, 1950, 1990, 1991, 2001, 2003.) They also had an undefeated season in 2002, although they would lose in the Minto Cup championship to the Burnaby Lakers. Their senior A squad (now defunct) has also had a great history, winning 14 Major Series Lacrosse championships and five Mann Cup championships (1938, 1940, 1941, 1944, 1946.) The city has also brought many successful professional lacrosse players from St. Catharines, many which play in the National Lacrosse League. The players include: Steve Toll, Craig Conn, Pat McCready, Ian Llord, Sean Greenhalgh, and Mark Steenhuis. The Athletics play at Bill Burgoyne Arena. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links St_Catherines_Spartan_Warriors. ... Image File history File links St_Catherines_Spartan_Warriors. ... The Spartan Warriors are Junior B box lacrosse team from St. ... The St. ... The Minto Cup is awarded annually to the champion junior mens lacrosse team of Canada. ... The Burnaby Lakers are box lacrosse club, based in Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada. ... Major Series Lacrosse (MSL) is a Senior A box lacrosse league based out of Ontario, Canada sanctioned by the Ontario Lacrosse Association. ... The Mann Cup is the trophy awarded to the senior mens lacrosse champions of Canada. ... NLL redirects here. ... Steve Toll (b. ... Craig Conn (born November 16, 1983 in St. ... Pat McCready (b. ... Ian Llord (b. ... Sean Greenhalgh (b. ... Mark Steenhuis (b. ...


There is also a junior B team in St. Catharines, the Spartan Warriors. They have also been successful, winning three Founders Cup championships, (only one of them in St. Catharines in 1996.) The Spartan Warriors are Junior B box lacrosse team from St. ... Founders Cup Trophy The Founders Cup is the championship trophy of Canadas Junior B Lacrosse leagues. ...


Hockey

The current Junior B Falcons logo
The current Junior B Falcons logo

St. Catharines entered into the Ontario Hockey Association Junior 'A' Hockey in 1943 as the St. Catharines Falcons. In 1947, they became the Teepees and were affiliated with the American Hockey League's Buffalo Bisons. When the National Hockey League's (NHL) Chicago Black Hawks made the Bisons their number one farm team, they inherited the Teepees. In the 1960s, the Jr. 'A' team went deeply into debt to the Chicago Black Hawks, but continued as a successful franchise. The Hamilton Fincups moved to St. Catharines in 1976 and played here for one year before moving back to Hamilton. The AHL St. Catharines Saints played in St. Catharines between 1982 and 1986, before being forced to re-locate to Newmarket due to protests from the NHL Buffalo Sabres. The St. Catharines Saints served as the farm team for the Toronto Maple Leafs, and today are known as the Toronto Marlies. Image File history File links St_Catherines_Falcons. ... Image File history File links St_Catherines_Falcons. ... A typical OHL hockey game. ... Conference: Western Division: West Founded: 1943 Home Ice: Wendler Arena at The Dow Event Center Capacity: 5,497 Ice Size: 192 x 85 City: Saginaw, Michigan, USA Colours: Midnight blue, red, silver, and yellow Head Coach: Bob Mancini General Manager: Bob Mancini The Saginaw Spirit are an ice hockey team... The American Hockey League (AHL) is a professional ice hockey league in North America, that serves as the primary developmental circuit for the National Hockey League (NHL). ... NHL redirects here. ... The Chicago Blackhawks are a National Hockey League team based in Chicago, Illinois. ... Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Location in the province of Ontario, Canada Coordinates: , Country Province Incorporated June 9, 1846[1] Government  - Mayor Fred Eisenberger  - City Council Hamilton City Council  - MPs List of MPs Dean Allison Chris Charlton David Christopherson Wayne Marston David Sweet  - MPPs List of MPPs Sophia Aggelonitis Andrea... The St. ... Newmarket (2006 Population 74,295) is a town located approximately 45 km north of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The Buffalo Sabres is the best professional ice hockey team around. ... A farm team, or farm club, generally refers to a minor league baseball league in the United States which are at a lower pay level and play in smaller cities and towns than do Major League Baseball, and which are under the control of the two major leagues and are... For other uses, see Toronto Maple Leafs (disambiguation). ... The Toronto Marlies are an ice hockey team in the American Hockey League. ...


A new OHL team will return to St. Catharines, in time for the 2007-2008 season [6]. The Niagara IceDogs will play out of Jack Gatecliff Arena within the newly named Gatorade Garden City Complex. The city's Junior 'B' Hockey team, appropriately named the St. Catharines Falcons, will also play out of complex. The Niagara IceDogs are a junior ice hockey team in the Ontario Hockey League based in St. ... The Jack Gatecliff Arena is the main arena in St. ... The Gatorade Garden City Complex is the main arena facility in St. ... The St. ...


Soccer

The Canadian Soccer League St. Catharines Wolves are one of the most successful professional soccer teams in Canada, and play at the Joe McCaffrey Sports Complex in the west-end of the city. The name Canadian Soccer League has been used by two different professional sports leagues. ... St. ... Soccer redirects here. ...


Rowing

Martindale Pond in St. Catharines' Port Dalhousie is the site of the annual Royal Canadian Henley Regatta, a world-class event that brings over 3,000 athletes from various nations to the city. The site hosted the FISA World Rowing Championships both in 1970 and in 1999. There are currently talks to bring the Canadian Rowing Hall of Fame to St. Catharines sometime in the near future. It is also home to the largest Rowing Club in the world and is known as one of the best natural rowing courses in the world. The Henley course is also home to the annual CSSRA Championships, which draws hundreds of high school athletes from Canada, the U.S. and Mexico. Port Dalhousie is a small part of St. ... Finish line at the Royal Canadian Henley Regatta Medal ceremony The Royal Canadian Henley Regatta started in 1880 as the first championship for the newly formed Canadian Amateur Rowing Association. ... ... The World Rowing Championships is an international rowing regatta organised by FISA (the International Rowing Federation). ... The Canadian Secondary School Rowing Association (CSSRA)[2] is an organization which governs high school rowing in Canada. ...


Trails system

Walker's Creek, one of the paths and parks for which St. Catharines is known.
Walker's Creek, one of the paths and parks for which St. Catharines is known.

The city's trail system offers over 90 kilometres (55 mi) of accessible pathways that are suitable for walking, jogging, cycling, hiking and cross-country skiing. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 504 KB) Summary This is a photo I personally took with my digital camera on October 29th, 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 504 KB) Summary This is a photo I personally took with my digital camera on October 29th, 2005. ...

  • Bruce Trail - Canada's oldest and longest hiking trail, following the Niagara Escarpment (designated as a UNESCO World Biosphere) from Niagara-on-the-Lake to Tobermory. A 20-kilometre (12 mi) section with associated side trails winds through St. Catharines.
  • Merritt Trail - a segmented 11 km (6.8 mi) trail that passes many of the old sections of the second Welland Canal and remnants of its locks.
  • Terry Fox Fitness Trail - named after Canadian hero Terry Fox, a 1.5 km trail that runs along the former interurban railway right-of-way through central St. Catharines. Placed strategically along the Terry Fox Fitness Trail are six exercise stations of Dynatract Fitness Course, with instruction boards at each station.
  • Waterfront Trail - follows the shore of Lake Ontario, connecting communities from Niagara-on-the-Lake to Brockville. The Port Dalhousie portion of the trail is a major highlight.
  • Welland Canals Parkway - provides an uninterrupted 9-kilometre (5.6 mi) paved path for non-motorized traffic, along the western-side of the scenic Welland Canal. It links with the waterfront trails of Niagara-on-the-Lake and Port Colbourne, and the Niagara Parkway to create the Greater Niagara Circle Route, measuring approximately 150 kilometres (90 mi). An equestrian trail is located on the east-side of the canal and is part of the parkway.

The Bruce Trail is a hiking (and multi-use) trail in southern and central Ontario, Canada. ... Rattlesnake Point near Milton, Ontario. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... Niagara-on-the-Lake in the Niagara Region Niagara-on-the-Lake Niagara-on-the-Lake (2001 population 13,839) is a town where the Niagara River meets Lake Ontario in the Niagara Region, Ontario, Canada. ... Tobermory is a small town lying at the north tip of the Bruce Peninsula in Ontario, Canada. ... For the baseball player, see Terry Fox (baseball). ... An interurban, also called a radial railway in parts of Canada, is a streetcar line running between urban areas or from urban to rural areas. ... Launched in 1995 the Waterfront trail is a series of trails along the shores of Lake Ontario currently begining in Niagara on the Lake and extending to Brockville. ... Brockville is located in the Thousand Islands region on the St. ... The historic Lighthouse & pier Port Dalhousie, in relation to other nearby lakeports. ... A ship transits the Welland Canal, with the Homer Lift Bridge and Garden City Skyway in background. ... Niagara Parkway is a route along the Niagara River from Niagara-on-the-Lake to Fort Erie. ... A young rider at a horse show in Australia. ...

Whitewater park

James Street
James Street
Architecture on Ontario St.
Architecture on Ontario St.
The former Welland House
The former Welland House

A dedicated group of local paddlers and businesses is trying to bring a Whitewater facility, suitable for hosting world-class kayaking events, to the City of St. Catharines. The proposed course would utilize the Wellandvale stretch of Twelve Mile Creek, near the downtown core. If made reality, the project would be Canada's first urban Whitewater facility. Image File history File linksMetadata St_Catharines_James_Street. ... Image File history File linksMetadata St_Catharines_James_Street. ... Image File history File links St_Catharines_Ontario_Street_Arch. ... Image File history File links St_Catharines_Ontario_Street_Arch. ... Image File history File links Wellandhouse. ... Image File history File links Wellandhouse. ... Whitewater is formed in a rapid, when a rivers gradient drops enough to form a bubbly, or aerated and unstable current; the frothy water appears white. ... Whitewater is formed in a rapid, when a rivers gradient drops enough to form a bubbly, or aerated and unstable current; the frothy water appears white. ...


Plans for the facility were made public in Toronto's bid to host the 2008 Summer Olympic Games. When Toronto lost the bid to Beijing, the Niagara Whitewater Park Association was created to keep the project alive. In September 2006, the St. Catharines Standard[7] reported that St. Catharines Hydro is in talks with Ontario Power Generation to construct a small generating station adjacent to the proposed site of the Whitewater facility. The proposed Shickluna Generating Station would create electricity for up to 5,000 homes while regulating waterflow to the course. Unfortunately the cost of operating the course was found to be aprox. $200,000 per year and the funds could not be found. The proposal has been tabled until an alternative can be found. The 2008 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIX Olympiad, will be held in Beijing in the Peoples Republic of China from August 8, 2008 to August 24, 2008, with the opening ceremony to take place at 8 p. ... Peking redirects here. ... The St. ... Ontario Power Generation (OPG) is a public company whose shares are wholly owned by the Government of Ontario. ...


Arts and culture

See also: People from St. Catharines, Ontario

The following people were born in, residents of, or are otherwise closely connected to the city of St. ...

Art Councils

The St. Catharines and Area Arts Council is a not-for-profit organization working to facilitate communication, collaboration and programs among artists, arts organizations and the community with the goal of enhancing cultural life.


Art galleries

Rodman Hall runs a diverse program of exhibitions throughout the year, featuring the work of local, national and international artists. It also houses a permanent collection of over 850 works including paintings, photographs, sculptures and outdoor installations. Rodman Hall was a public-run gallery from 1960-2003 when financial issues provoked Brock University to purchase the building. Today, it is affiliated with the Brock School of Fine and Performing Arts and continues to serve and welcome the public. Brock University is a modern comprehensive university located in St. ...


The Niagara Artists' Centre (NAC) is a not-for-profit, charitably registered, collective formed by local community artists and dedicated to serving the working artists and art-enthusiasts of Niagara. It runs a series of diverse exhibitions throughout the year involving abstract paintings, sculptures, new media installations and film screenings. Recently, the centre moved out of its former location on Bond St. to a newly renovated storefront building on St. Paul Street in the city's downtown.


Festivals

The Market is a popular venue for events like SCENE
The Market is a popular venue for events like SCENE

The Folk Arts Festival was first presented to the city by representatives from the ethno cultural communities of Niagara over 35 years ago. From that first festival was created the Folk Arts Council of St. Catharines, which continues to run its festival each year throughout the month of May and concludes with "Folk Arts in the Park", which takes place in Montebello Park in the city's downtown. Image File history File linksMetadata St_Catharines_Farmers_Market. ... Image File history File linksMetadata St_Catharines_Farmers_Market. ...


The Art of Peace Festival is now in its fifth year, the Festival seeks to increase community engagement in art as a tool for reflecting on peace issues. Montebello Park fills with performing arts events, Speak Your Peace! open mic program, community art workshops, an elementary school art exhibition, vendors, and Peace Through Art Stations at which peace groups make information available and offer arts activities. This year we are introducing the Youth Listening Tent. Our goals are to increase connections between artists and the public, increase community engagement in peace issues and increase youth engagement. Presented by St. Catharines and Area Arts Council and Project Ploughshares Niagara. The theme of this year’s Festival is Families and Peace. Spend a day in the park – be in touch with the world!


The Niagara Grape & Wine Festival is a non-profit organization that presents three popular wine festivals in St. Catharines and Niagara during the year. The Niagara Icewine Festival (Winter), the Niagara New Vintage Festival (Summer), and the Niagara Wine Festival (Fall), which is the largest of the festivals, attract hundreds of thousands of visitors to the region each year. This event known by most locals simply as "Grape and Wine" attracts young and old varying from partiers to wine connoisseurs.


The SCENE Music Festival is one-day event held in various clubs and pubs downtown. Rock, indie, pop, singer-songwriter, ska, punk, metal, and many other genres are represented by bands such as Alexisonfire, The Strag, White Star Line, Damn 13, Chore, Tangiers, Sick Boys, Raising The Fawn, Supergarage, Sailboats Are White, Revenge Of The Egg People, Bang Theory, and Billy Talent who have played at the festival, which is sponsored by Solo Mobile. Traditionally, a compact disc of select performers is included with admission prices - although in recent years the CD has been expanded to a 2-disc compilation - representative of the growth of the festival. The SCENE Music Festival is a one-day music festival held in downtown St. ... For the Adult Film actress, see Alexis Fire. ... For other uses, see White star. ... Chore is a Punjabi word for thief. ... Tangier (in Berber and Arabic Tanja, in Spanish Tánger and in French Tanger) is a city of northern Morocco with a population of 350,000, or 550,000 including suburbs. ... SUPERGARAGE is a Canadian Indie Rock act based out of Toronto. ... Billy Talent is a Canadian Punk Rock band formed in 1993 in Mississauga, Ontario. ... Solo Mobile is a brand run by Bell Mobility on their network to compete directly with Virgin Mobile Canada. ...


Museums

The St. Catharines Museum is located at Lock 3 on the Welland Canal, off the Welland Canals Parkway. An elevated viewing platform at the museum allows visitors to get a close-up look at ships from around the world as they climb this major section of the St. Lawrence Seaway. Along with its exhibits dedicated to the city's history and the canals, the museum is home to the Ontario Lacrosse Hall of Fame and Museum. A ship transits the Welland Canal, with the Homer Lift Bridge and Garden City Skyway in background. ... The Saint Lawrence Seaway in its broadest sense (see Great Lakes Waterway) is the system of canals that permits ocean-going vessels to travel from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes as far as Lake Superior. ... For other uses, see Lacrosse (disambiguation). ... Walhalla temple, Germany A hall of fame (sometimes HOF) is a type of museum established for any a field of endeavour to honour individuals of noteworthy achievement in that field. ...


Morningstar Mill and Mountain Mills Museum, perched atop the Niagara Escarpment, is one of Ontario's oldest mills on an original site, and is fully powered by water. The picturesque park provides a glimpse into the innovative and pioneering spirit of the 19th Century. Rattlesnake Point near Milton, Ontario. ...


The YMCA Discovery Centre (formerly, The Children's Discovery Centre of Niagara), located in the former Niagara College Horticulture School, provides children and their families with an educational yet entertaining and stimulating place to visit using hands-on, interactive exhibits and outdoor activities. FREE YAYO Niagara College is a College of Applied Arts and Technology within the Niagara Region of Southern Ontario. ... Horticulture (Latin: hortus (garden plant) + cultura (culture)) are classically defined as the culture or growing of garden plants. ...


Musical theatre

Garden City Productions (formerly the Operatic Society of Grantham United Church 1956-1962) puts on two community theatre shows per year at the Mandeville Theatre in Ridley College. Garden City Productions (GCP) is a community based theatre group located in St. ...


Theatre in Port put on a year-round schedule of professionally produced musicals, comedies and dramas.


Shopping

The Pen Centre
The Pen Centre
  • The Pen Centre - largest shopping mall in the Niagara Peninsula
  • Fairview Mall
  • Smart!Centres (formerly First Pro Garden City)
  • Lincoln Mall - demolished, replaced by Lincoln Value Centre
  • Downtown Farmers Market
  • Port Dalhousie Business District
  • Merritt Street, South St. Catharines Downtown Merritton

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2816x2112, 1196 KB) Licensing The Pen Centre in St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2816x2112, 1196 KB) Licensing The Pen Centre in St. ... Exterior shot of the Pen Centre viewed from the south. ... Map of Southern Ontario showing Niagara Peninsula in red The Niagara Peninsula is the portion of Ontario, Canada lying on the south shore of Lake Ontario. ... Montebello Park The Old Courthouse, at the corner of James and King streets The downtown core of St. ... The historic Lighthouse & pier Port Dalhousie, in relation to other nearby lakeports. ...

See also

Montebello Park The Old Courthouse, at the corner of James and King streets The downtown core of St. ...

References

  1. ^ Canadian Climate Normals - St. Catharines.
  2. ^ http://www.stcatharinesstandard.ca/webapp/sitepages/content.asp?contentid=554884&catname=Local+News&classif=
  3. ^ a b St. Catharines tops list of Canada's 'fattest' cities. W-Five, July 21, 2001
  4. ^ CBC.ca, National Population Health Survey 1998, Statistics Canada
  5. ^ CBC.ca, Obese Nation: Statistics, November 8, 2006
  6. ^ Fattest & Fittest, St. Catharines leads the fat parade. The Globe and Mail, July 21, 2001
  7. ^ The Standard, November 23, 2007

is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ...

External links

  • City of St. Catharines' Official Website

 
 

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