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Encyclopedia > St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana
Saint Bernard Parish, Louisiana
Seal of Saint Bernard Parish, Louisiana
Map
Map of Louisiana highlighting Saint Bernard Parish
Location in the state of Louisiana
Map of the USA highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1803
Seat Chalmette
Largest City Chalmette
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

4,606 sq mi (11,929 km²)
1,204 sq mi (3,118 km²)
3,441 sq mi (8,912 km²),
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

67,229
56/sq mi (22/km²)
Time zone Central : UTC-6/-5
Website: http://www.sbpg.net
Named for: Patron Saint of Bernardo de Galvez

St. Bernard Parish is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of 2000, its population was 67,229. As of June-October 2006, the population was estimated to be 25,489[1] Image File history File linksMetadata StBernardParishSeal. ... Image File history File links Map_of_Louisiana_highlighting_Saint_Bernard_Parish. ... Official language(s) de jure: none de facto: English & French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans [1] Area  Ranked 31st  - Total 51,885 sq mi (134,382 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 16  - Latitude 29°N to 33°N  - Longitude 89°W... Image File history File links Map_of_USA_LA.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Louisiana ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Location of Chalmette, Louisiana, between the Mississippi River & MRGO canal, east of New Orleans Location of Chalmette, Louisiana Mardi Gras 2006 in Chalmette: float #10 The FEMA Ship (click to enlarge) The unincorporated community of Chalmette is the parish seat of St. ... Location of Chalmette, Louisiana, between the Mississippi River & MRGO canal, east of New Orleans Location of Chalmette, Louisiana Mardi Gras 2006 in Chalmette: float #10 The FEMA Ship (click to enlarge) The unincorporated community of Chalmette is the parish seat of St. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Standard Time Zone (CST) is a geographic region in the Americas that keeps time by subtracting six hours from UTC (UTC-6). ... Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is a high-precison atomic time standard. ... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Saint Quentin is the patron saint of locksmiths and is also invoked against coughs and sneezes. ... Bernardo de G lvez, Conde de Galvez (23 July 1746 – 1786) was Spanish governor of Louisiana from 1777 to 1785, and Viceroy of New Spain 1785-1786. ... Parish Hall of St. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties/Parishes/Boroughs, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Official language(s) de jure: none de facto: English & French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans [1] Area  Ranked 31st  - Total 51,885 sq mi (134,382 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 16  - Latitude 29°N to 33°N  - Longitude 89°W...


The parish seat is Chalmette, the largest city in the parish. The most populated portion of the parish, in the areas near the Mississippi River, is part of the New Orleans metropolitan area. A parish seat is the administrative center of a parish in the US state of Louisiana. ... Location of Chalmette, Louisiana, between the Mississippi River & MRGO canal, east of New Orleans Location of Chalmette, Louisiana Mardi Gras 2006 in Chalmette: float #10 The FEMA Ship (click to enlarge) The unincorporated community of Chalmette is the parish seat of St. ... The Mississippi River, derived from the old Ojibwe word misi-ziibi meaning great river (gichi-ziibi big river at its headwaters), is the second-longest named river in North America, with a length of 2320 miles (3733 km) from Lake Itasca to the Gulf of Mexico. ... The New Orleans Metropolitan Area, consisting of the Greater New Orleans region and three addtional parishes which share the perimeter of Lake Ponchartrain, is the largest metropolitan area in the U.S. state of Louisiana, centered around the city of New Orleans. ...

Contents

Geography

The parish has a total area of 4,646 km² (1,794 mi²). 1,204 km² (465 mi²) of it is land and, at 3,441 km² (1,329 mi²) water. At 74.07% water, St. Bernard has the largest percentage of area in water of any parish in Louisiana. Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


The parish of St. Bernard comprises an area of 680 square miles, and embraces numerous small islands. The parish may be classed among the alluvial lands of the state. The ridges comprise the arable lands of the parish and have an area of 37,000 acres. The principle streams are the Bayous Terre aux Boeufs and La Loutre. There are numerous smaller streams which are efficient drainage canals. The dominant tree species is bald cypress, of which the most valuable trees have been cut and manufactured. Binomial name Taxodium distichum (L.) Rich. ...


Major Highways

Image File history File links LA_39. ... Louisiana Highway 39 (LA 39) is a state highway in Louisiana. ... Image File history File links LA_46. ... Louisiana Highway 46 (LA 46) is a state highway that serves both New Orleans, Louisiana and neighboring St. ... Image File history File links LA_47. ... Louisiana Highway 47 (LA 47) is a state highway located in New Orleans and Chalmette. ...

Adjacent parishes and features

Lake Borgne is a lagoon in eastern Louisiana of the Gulf of Mexico. ... The Mississippi River, derived from the old Ojibwe word misi-ziibi meaning great river (gichi-ziibi big river at its headwaters), is the second-longest named river in North America, with a length of 2320 miles (3733 km) from Lake Itasca to the Gulf of Mexico. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ... Hancock County is a county located in the state of Mississippi. ... Harrison County is a county located in the state of Mississippi. ... Plaquemines Parish is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. ... New Orleans (French: Nouvelle-Orléans) is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ...

History

St. Bernard Parish contains a small community of Spanish descent. Sometimes referred to, informally, as "Spanish Cajuns", the Isleños are descended from Canary Islanders who arrived around 1780. This linguistically isolated group eventually developed their own dialect. Islenos (from the Spanish isleños, plural of islander) are descendants of Canary Islanders who came to America and settled in the lower Mississippi River Delta of Louisiana between 1778 and 1783. ... Capital Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 13th  7,447 km²  1. ...


The chief historical attraction in St. Bernard Parish is the Chalmette National Historical Park (or Chalmette Battlefield), at which the Battle of New Orleans took place on January 8, 1815. Many street names near the battlefield bear the names of the chief participants, or take a pirate theme (since the pirate Jean Lafitte was considered to be a hero in the battle). Before Hurricane Katrina, there was a high school named in honor of (then Colonel) Andrew Jackson, who was the American commanding officer in the battle. The school plans to reopen for the 2006-2007 school year as an elementary school. Combatants United Kingdom United States Commanders Sir Edward Pakenham† John Lambert Alexander Cochrane Andrew Jackson Strength 8,000 men 3,500-4,000 men Casualties 385 killed 1,186 wounded 484 captured 13 killed 58 wounded 30 captured The Battle of New Orleans, also known as the Battle of Chalmette... Jean Lafitte (1780? - 1826?), was a famous pirate in the Gulf of Mexico in the early 19th century. ... Lowest pressure 902 mbar (hPa; 26. ... For other uses, see Andrew Jackson (disambiguation). ...


From 1919 to 1969, the parish was effectively ruled as part of the fiefdom of Leander Perez, a local official in neighboring Plaquemines Parish. Leander Henry Perez, Sr. ... Plaquemines Parish is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. ...


During the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927, city and state leaders used dynamite to breach a levee at Caernarvon, thirteen miles below Canal Street, in order to save the city of New Orleans from flooding. However, this action resulted in the flooding of most of Eastern St. Bernard Parish and parts of Plaquemines Parish, causing widespread destruction. This action was also unnecessary, as the levees breached in over 100 other places. The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 was the most destructive river flood in United States history until the Hurricane Katrina flood of 2005. ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar). ... Dynamite is an explosive based on the explosive potential of nitroglycerin, initially using diatomaceous earth (Kieselguhr) as an adsorbent. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Dike (construction). ... Nickname: Location in the State of Louisiana and the United States Coordinates: Country United States State Louisiana Parish Orleans Founded 1718 Government  - Mayor Ray Nagin (D) Area  - City  350. ...


Hurricane Katrina and Its Aftermath

See also: Murphy Oil Spill (Chalmette, La) According to US Coast Guard there were about 44 oil spills in the area affected by Hurricane Katrina. ...


On August 29, 2005, St. Bernard was devastated by Hurricane Katrina. The storm damaged virtually every structure in the parish. The eye of Katrina passed over the eastern portion of the parish, pushing a 25-foot storm surge into the Mississippi River Gulf Outlet ("MRGO"). This surge destroyed the parish levees. Almost the entire parish was flooded, most areas getting between 5 and 12 feet of standing water. There may have been as many as two homes untouched by flood waters. The water rose suddenly and violently, during a period that witnesses have reported as no more than fifteen minutes. In many areas, houses were smashed or washed off their foundations by storm surge higher than their roofs. August 29 is the 241st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (242nd in leap years), with 124 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lowest pressure 902 mbar (hPa; 26. ... ... The Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet Canal (also known as MRGO, MR-GO or Mr. ...


For more than two months after the storm, much of the parish remained without proper services, including electricity, water, and sewage. Parish President Henry "Junior" Rodriguez, declared all of the parish's homes unlivable. Emergency Communities offered one reason for hope in the first year after Hurricane Katrina. In the parking lot of a destroyed off-track betting parlor, EC built the Made with Love Cafe and Grill, a free kitchen and community center serving 1500 meals per day. Made with Love, housed in a geodesic dome, also offered food and clothing distribution, and emotionally supportive volunteers. Upon leaving, EC has offered logistical support for the founding of a new long-term community center for St. Bernard. Henry Junior Rodriguez Henry Rodriguez, Jr. ... General Emergency Communities is a new, grassroots approach to disaster relief. ... A geodesic dome is an almost spherical structure based on a network of struts arranged on great circles (geodesics) lying approximately on the surface of a sphere. ...


As of late November 2005, it was estimated that the Parish had some 7,000 full-time residents, with some 20,000 commuting to spend the day working, cleaning up, or salvaging in the parish and spending their nights elsewhere. By mid-December some businesses had returned to the Parish, most notably the ExxonMobil plant in Chalmette and the Domino Sugar plant in Arabi, together with a handful of small local stores and businesses. Ongoing events • Abramoff-Reed gambling scandal • Al Jazeera bombing memo • Avian influenza (H5N1) outbreak • Black sites scandal • Conservative leadership race (UK) • Fuel prices • Irans nuclear program • Jilin chemical plant explosions • Kashmir earthquake • Malawi food crisis • Malaysian prisoner abuse scandal • New Delhi bombings investigation • Niger food crisis • North Indian cyclone... Exxon Mobil Corporation or ExxonMobil (NYSE: XOM), headquartered in Irving, Texas, a suburb of Dallas, USA, is the largest publicly traded integrated oil and gas company in the world, formed on November 30, 1999, by the merger of Exxon and Mobil. ... Location of Chalmette, Louisiana, between the Mississippi River & MRGO canal, east of New Orleans Location of Chalmette, Louisiana Mardi Gras 2006 in Chalmette: float #10 The FEMA Ship (click to enlarge) The unincorporated community of Chalmette is the parish seat of St. ... Domino Foods, Inc. ... Arabi is an unincorporated community located in St. ...


At the start of January 2006, it was estimated that some 8,000 people were living in the Parish. January 2006 : ← - January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad accuses European nations of trying to complete the Holocaust by creating a Jewish camp Israel in the Middle East. ...


Since June 2006, Camp Hope has been housing volunteers assisting residents of St. Bernard Parish in their recovery from Hurricane Katrina. It is located at the W. Smith Elementary School, 6701 E. St. Bernard Highway, Violet, LA 70092. June 2006 : ← - January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → Extraordinary renditions. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


Another community-building organization created in the aftermath of the hurricane is Project H.O.P.E. (www.keep-hope.org), a small collective aiding in rebuilding Violet, LA. The group ran a supply distribution center as well as a daycare and is now focused on construction.


A grass roots organization, the St. Bernard Project (www.stbernardproject.org), opened its doors in September 2006. A fully volunteer-run organization funded by the United Way, they help residents get back into their homes by working on the houses, providing tools, support and where possible, funding.


As of October 2006, the population was estimated to be 25,489[2] October 2006 is the tenth month of that year and has yet to occur. ...


Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there are 67,229 people (an increase of 598 or 0.9% over the previous decade), 25,123 households, and 18,289 families residing in the parish. The population density was 56/km² (145/mi²). There were 26,790 housing units at an average density of 22/km² (58/mi²). The racial makeup of the parish was 88.29% White, 7.62% Black or African American, 0.49% Native American, 1.32% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.73% from other races, and 1.52% from two or more races. 5.09% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


There were 25,123 households out of which 33.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.40% were married couples living together, 14.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.20% were non-families. 22.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.12. This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...


In the parish the population was spread out with 25.20% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 29.20% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.10 males.


The median income for a household in the parish was $35,939, and the median income for a family was $42,785. Males had a median income of $34,303 versus $24,009 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $16,718. About 10.50% of families and 13.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.50% of those under age 18 and 11.40% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Communities

There are no incorporated areas in St. Bernard Parish.

  • Eastern St. Bernard
    • Caernarvon
    • Contreras
    • Delacroix
    • Hopedale
    • Kenilworth
    • Poydras
    • Reggio
    • Sebastopol
    • Shell Beach
    • Toca
    • Verret
    • Yscloskey

Arabi is an unincorporated community located in St. ... Location of Chalmette, Louisiana, between the Mississippi River & MRGO canal, east of New Orleans Location of Chalmette, Louisiana Mardi Gras 2006 in Chalmette: float #10 The FEMA Ship (click to enlarge) The unincorporated community of Chalmette is the parish seat of St. ... Versailles is a place in Saint Bernard Parish, Louisiana. ... Meraux, a census-designated place located in St. ... Violet is an unincorporated community located in St. ... Poydras is a census-designated place located in St. ...

Historical

Fazendeville, Louisiana was a small community in Saint Bernard Parish, Louisiana which was dismantled in the 1960s. ... Saint Malo was a small fishing village that existed in St. ...

Education

Public schools in the parish are operated by the St. Bernard Parish Public Schools agency. St. ...


Due to Hurricane Katrina, the parish's 20 plus public schools have been consolidated as one school, the St. Bernard Unified School, or SBUS. Starting in the 2006-2007 school year, the St. Bernard Unified School will break up into several different schools. The St. ...


The parish is served by Nunez Community College. Nunez Community College is located in Chalmette, in St. ...


References

  1. ^ New Orleans population still cut by more than half. 29 Nov 2006 article by Reuters. Retrieved on 6 December 2006.
  2. ^ New Orleans population still cut by more than half. 29 Nov 2006 article by Reuters. Retrieved on 6 December 2006.

December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...

External links

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Saint Bernard Parish, Louisiana

 
 

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