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Encyclopedia > St Dominic
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St Dominic presiding over an auto de fe, Spanish, 1475

Saint Dominic (born at Calaroga, Spain, around 1170; died August 6, 1221, at Bologna, Italy) founded the Dominican Order.


Born Dominic de Guzmán he was an intellectual who was particularly against a recent growth of heretical movements. He felt that a new religous order of learned men who lived lives of poverty and could effectively preach would be the best recourse against heresies. With the approval of Pope Innocent III in 1215 Dominic's order was called The Order of Preachers or more popularly known as the Dominican Order.


One of Dominic's particular concerns was combatting the Albigensian movement in the south of France and north of Spain.


Pope Gregory IX canonized Dominic July 13, 1234.


In 1963, "Soeur Sourire", the Singing Nun of Belgium, scored a U.S. No. 1 hit with the song "Dominique", about St Dominic.


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CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Dominic (3978 words)
It was in the contemplation of this scene that Dominic first conceived the idea of founding an order for the purpose of combating heresy and spreading the light of the Gospel by preaching to the ends of the then known world.
That Dominic and his companions might possess a fixed source of revenue Foulques made him chaplain of Fanjeaux and in July, 1215, canonically established the community as a religious congregation of his diocese, whose mission was the propagation of true doctrine and good morals, and the extirpation of heresy.
In November, 1215, an ecumenical council was to meet at Rome "to deliberate on the improvement of morals, the extinction of heresy, and the strengthening of the faith".
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