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Encyclopedia > Sri Lankan Navy

The Sri Lankan Navy is the key maritime division of the Sri Lankan Armed Forces and is classed as the most vital defence force of Sri Lanka. It conducts maritime operations at sea for the defence of the Sri Lankan nation and its interests. The Sri Lankan Navy is comprised of five commands each being commanded by a flag officer and is ultimately commanded by the Commander of the navy, who exercises his command from the Navy Headquarters in Colombo. The rank structure of the navy is as follows: Commander of the navy, chief of staff, deputy chief of staff, and the area commanders. The Military of Sri Lanka has taken part in many wars throughout its history including the Boer Wars and both World Wars (under the command of the British at the time). ... Location Map of Colombo with its administrative districts Coordinates , Government District Colombo Division, Colombo District Mayor Uvaiz Mohammad Imitiyaz (Independent Group) Geographical characteristics Area     City 248 mi²/ 642 km²     Land   / km²     Water   / km² Population     City (2001) 647,100 ( 2001 census )     Density   3,305/km²   Metro 2,234,289 (Colombo metropolitan...

Sri Lankan Navy Ensign.
Sri Lankan Navy Ensign.

Caution: One and only source for the following article is the Sri Lanka Army’s official website. Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_Sri_Lanka. ... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_Sri_Lanka. ...


Paragraphs have been copied word for word.

Contents


History

Colonial Era

The Ceylon Naval Volunteer Force (CNVF) had been formed in 1937 and gave assistance to the East Indies Squadron. An anti-submarine patrol vessel, the 365 ton Okapi was manned by the CNVF. After the Second World War, the CNVF was renamed The Ceylon Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve (CRNVR)


Independent Sri Lanka - Navy

1956 - 1960

Along with the rest of the Nation, the Navy experienced the new thinking of the era that began in 1956. In terms of foreign and defence policy there was a shift towards nonalignment to power-blocs, going beyond mere neutrality in war to co-existence in world politics. The Defence Agreements, signed at the time of Independence, were considered as contrary to this policy and moves were taken towards a peaceful hand-over of the British-manned Bases, particularly Trincomalee and Katunayake, and some camps in Diyatalawa.


The Navy was called upon to shoulder a big burden and also reap some benefits. Apart from acquiring a fully-equipped new camp in Diyatalawa (ex- H.M.S. UVA), it had to take over the large Base, H.M.S HIGHFLYER at Trincomalee, with the barest of resources. The event was of enormous significance both politically and Navy-wise. The Prime Minister, S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike announced this was the removal of a remnant of colonialism and one more step towards full freedom. VIPs and Members of Parliament came to the ceremony in a special, gaily-decorated train. The RN ensign was struck and the R.Cy.N. ensign was hoisted.


The abrogation of the Defence Agreements meant that the Navy had to be expanded and provided with ships to protect our waters. Both were done. The Navy, which had been 48 Officers and 510 Sailors strong in 1951-1958. Most of them were needed to man the new ships that were being added to the fleet, which yet comprised VIJAYA, KOTIYA and the "Bird" class patrol boats. The first addition was another "Algerine" class Minesweeper, ex-H.M.S. PICKLE which was taken over in England, commissioned H.M.Cy.S. PARAKRAMA and sailed home in 1958. She was followed by H.M.Cy.S. MAHASENA a Canadian built "River" class Frigate (ex-H.M.C.S. ORKNEY, S.S. VIOLETTA, and ex-Israeli ship MIVTACH) which was taken over at Djibouti and sailed home in 1959. Prior to this, an Ocean going Tug, ex-H.M.S. ADEPT had been purchased in 1957. Last of all, another "River" class Frigate, H.M.Cy.S. GAJABAHU (ex-H.M.C.S. HALLOWELL, ex-Israeli MISNAK) was delivered at Trincomalee in 1960. The R.Cy.N. was well on the way to becoming a respectable "Blue Water" Navy. JET '60 were larger than ever: 38 ships from 6 Commonwealth navies participated in exercises that spanned the Bay of Bengal.


When the Prime Minister was tragically felled by the assassin's bullet, dramatic experiences awaited the Navy and the Nation. The Nation experienced repeated changes of government and political leadership. A different fate awaited the Navy.


1961 - 1964

Armed with a Blue Water capability, a cruise of two ships to the Far East was considered. Government agreed and MAHASENA and PARAKRAMA sailed on a goodwill mission, calling at Singapore, Bangkok, Hong Kong, Tokyo, Port Swettenham and Penang. PARAKRAMA, with engine trouble and, with a typhoon building up in the China Sea, was to remain in Hong Kong while MAHASENA sailed to Tokyo where Adm. de Mel had flown in advance to. After a very fruitful visit, being hosted by the Ambassador, Sir Susantha de Fonseka (a former Naval Officer whose commission had been withdrawn, while being Deputy Speaker of the State Council, for daring to say that the British were under-pricing our Rubber, but subsequently Knighted!), Adm. de Mel took passage on MAHASENA, flying his flag, to rendezvous with PARAKRAMA and sail back home. Before they arrived, Colombo was agog with the news that the ships were smuggling arms and ammunition. The Inspector General of Police boarded the ships and found none other than those brought for the government. What he did not find was the large consignment of liquor which some unscrupulous officers had smuggled on board. MAHASENA was sailed to Kalpitiya on patrol to enable the contraband to be consigned to the sea but again, certain persons managed to sell the consignment. The Navy had little excuse to offer. After a Commission of Inquiry, the Captain of the Navy was relieved of command, nine officers had their commissions withdrawn, eight were compulsorily retired and a number of sailors discharged.


Hard on the heels of this, came an attempted "Coup d' etat" by a mixed group of Army and Police Officers and a few Civil Servants. Warned belatedly by a would-be participant, it was nipped in the bud, but it transpired that the recently relieved Captain of the Navy was one of the plotters. The Navy's brief Summer had ended.


The backlash by government affected both the Navy and, in the long run, the country. Of the many steps taken, the most serious were the stoppage of recruitment of officers. Cadets and sailors for over seven years, the loss of important Bases and Barracks (RANGALLA and GEMUNU), the stoppage of training in England and the break-up of the Fleet. MAHASENA, PARAKRAMA and ALIYA were de-commissioned and sold off. KOTIYA and VIJAYA were not replaced when sunk in a cyclone. GAJABAHU alone remained, and it was again a "one ship Navy". The Navy had no work to do and when Cyclone "Emily" struck the Dockyard hard it was a gesture symbolic of destruction.


New Thinking: 1965 - 1970

"Blue Water" days would not come again. But the Navy kept its head, showed what it could do under stress, thought and planned for the future.


The damage caused by Cyclone "Emly" was put right quicker by the Navy than anyone else. Assistance was given to Hospitals, Security Services, off-shore islands, merchant vessels carrying emergency supplies in unfamiliar waters, transport of medical supplies and fuel on GAJABAHU, salvage of government ships run aground and ferrying administrative service officers to flood ravaged areas were some of them. In both routine and emergency situations, the Navy was the force of choice, but this was not enough.


The Navy turned its eyes away from the past to the present and the future. Accepting a new role of an unarmed small boat Navy, it built up a flotilla of 28 Patrol Craft for coastal surveillance and maintained their crews' seamanship skills even under the limits imposed on them. Planning and thinking about the future role engaged Headquarters and individual minds. Many of the roles the Navy, and others, play today can be traced back to those days. The establishment of a Naval & Maritime Academy, a Naval Diving Unit, an Hydrographic Unit, an Agricultural & Livestock Project, controlling nationalized ports, providing training to all government maritime institutions these were all accomplished. Other ideas mooted saw the light of day later. Among them were: Manning Merchant Ships, Piloting in Ports, Docking & Slipping, Building coastal anchorages, Maintenance of Lighthouses, Ship building. All these have come true today; but were born of Naval "Think Tanks".


Recruitment of Sailors and intake of Officers re-commenced gradually but soon the flood-gates opened. Larger numbers were recruited and special Training Establishments set up to cope. What had been lost was never regained, but the future beckoned. The new intakes were more educated and the training was more technical and advanced. All this took place towards the end of the period, but it took a calamity for the government to set matters right again.


1971 - 1983

Defending Democracy


The calamity that was required to re-assess the Navy's role and the fleet's configuration came earlier than expected. In 1971, only months after a general election, where the people had spoken, Anti-democratic Forces led by the "Janata Vimukthi Peramuna" (JVP) unleashed a series of attacks on Police Stations in the provinces. Intelligence had been lacking, or unheeded, and the Police, the Government and the Armed Services were taken completely by surprise. The element of surprise and the lack of a strategy to meet such an eventuality worked in favour of the insurgents, initially, and a kind of chaos reigned for a while. But the tradition of discipline and ability to respond to the unexpected on the part of the forces, and determined leadership and decision making on the part of government, quickly turned the tide in favour of the government. The insurgents were confronted, defeated and an Amnesty extended, in the course of a few months. The country would not be the same again.

Impact On The Navy Image File history File links 1951_1970_1eeww. ... Image File history File links 1951_1970_1eeww. ...


The immediate impact on the Navy stemmed from the realization that it was under-manned and under equipped, though eminently capable of responding swiftly and effectively. Lack of personnel had led to GAJABAHU being required to lend her crew for the fight on land, rendering her non-existent as a sea-going deterrent. When it became apparent that gun-running and support for the insurgents were coming across the sea, Ceylon had to ask for help from neighboring and friendly nations. Thus we were reduced to asking Indian and Pakistan Navies to patrol our waters. Similar fates befell the Army and Air Force, but nowhere was it more apparent or galling to national pride.


The government was quick to learn from the errors of the past and to plan for the future. Manpower requirements were met and recruitment was taken in hand. Security checking had become necessary as insurgents had infiltrated all three Services and, in the Navy at Chunnakam in Jaffna, a JVP sympathetic sailor opened fire on his comrades, killing two and wounding others. The perpetrators of this crime were swiftly dealt with, but the Navy also incurred its first combat-related casualty in Nochchiyagama during this time.


The changes in the country and the Navy, consequent to all this, was profound. Many countries responded with provision of military hardware and training. All concerned countries stationed Defence Attaches in their Embassies, among whom were India, Pakistan, the UK, the USA, Indonesia, France and the USSR. The Insurgency had changed Ceylon's status in global politics.



THE DEMOCRATIC SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF SRI LANKA


In the year 1972 this change of status was echoed by the country by the decision to renounce Dominion Status within the British Empire (with the Queen's representative as Head of State) in favour of a Republican status (with a President selected by Parliament as Head of State). The "Dominion of Ceylon" became the "Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka" and the Royal Ceylon Navy became the Sri Lanka Navy. The Naval Ensign also shed the St. George's Cross as it had been done in all major ex-colonial navies, and Flag Officers' flags were redesigned. The term "Captain of the Navy", introduced in the Navy Act, was changed to "Commander of the Navy", in keeping with the terminology adopted by the other two services. Finally, "Her Majesty's Ceylon Ships" (H.M.Cy.S.) became "Sri Lanka Navy Ships" (SLNS).


Re-Building The Fleet


The need to add teeth to the Navy at sea was a prime consideration. The first ships to be acquired were gifted by the People's Republic of China. They were the "Shanghai" class Fast Gun Boats (FGB) SLNS SOORAYA and WEERAYA which were taken over in 1972. Much bigger than the Patrol Craft, though not Major Fleet Units, they carried a battery of guns that could be very effective. Three more of the same type were purchased, DAKSHAYA, RANAKAMEE and BALAWATHA in 1973 and JAGATHA and RAKSHAKA in 1980. From the USSR, a very new type of vessel was received as a gift and commissioned SLNS SAMUDRA DEVI. Orders for five general duties Patrol Craft were placed with Cheverton Workboats of the UK and the first two were commissioned SERUWA and KORAWAKKA. Most importantly, Colombo Dockyard emerged as capable shipbuilders and, towards the end of this period, built the 40-metre Off-shore Patrol Craft JAYESAGARA, shortly followed by SAGARAWARDENA.


There was a fleet once again to sail the seas and cruises were again undertaken. GAJABAHU sailed on an operational visit to Madras in 1972, BALAWATHA and GAJABAHU paid a goodwill call on the Maldives in 1973, GAJABAHU, flying the Commander of the Navy's flag sailed to the same destination in 1974 and again, later the same year, in connection with the Prime Minister's visit there. A direct result was the acceptance of two Maldivian Cadets for training in Sir Lanka. There were other cruises, too: GAJABAHU to Cochin (1976), SOORYA and RANAKAMEE to the Maldives (1976), followed by BALAWATHA and WEERAYA (1978) and JAGATHA and RAKSHAKA in 1981.


Underlying Tensions


Under all this euphoria, the prelude to the next internal conflict was surfacing. The murder of the Mayor of Jaffna was the first sign. Throughout the seventies, incidents born of communal tensions occurred and it was expected that a conflagration could take place soon. The Armed Services prepared themselves and, by Presidential Directive an organization was formed within which the Armed Services, Police and Administrative Services could co-ordinate anti-terrorist activities in Vavuniya, Mannar, Mullaitivu and Trincomalee. Titled "Joint Services Special Operations Command" (JOSSOP), the Navy Commander was appointed Coordinator-in-Chief with J. Bandaragoda, SLAS as Deputy. It was to operate from its Headquarters in Vavuniya.


In another sea-going exercise, a group of officers and sailors under LCdr. M.H. Weliwitigoda, circumnavigated the island under sail in a locally built whaler.


Since 1984

It also reflects how it changed to meet the challenges of the 1980s and 1990s. The distinguishing factor of this period is the civil strife that began with the attack by the LTTE (Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam) one of about 21 separatist groups then operating in Jaffna on an army mobile. As intended by the perpetrators, this sparked off retaliatory attacks by anti-Tamil activists. This chapter deals mainly with the naval involvement in the years that followed, but a preliminary point needs to be emphasized. Throughout this narration, the term "Eelam War" will be used, purely as convenient device. The Armed Services are acting in their usual role of extending Aid to Civil Power, of keeping down a terrorist movement. The LTTE is prescribed organization and its members are arrested, tried and punished under Civil Law. This is an important distinction which has, only recently, been accepted by foreign nations. Thus the use of the term "Eelam War" as a convenient epithet is not to be interpreted as a description of the nature of the on-going conflict.



EELAM WAR I


This phase of the conflict began with the ambush of an Army patrol in 1983 and continued till the arrival of the IPKF (Indian Peace Keeping Force) although operations during the IPKF's stay can also be included in this phase. During its earlier part, the LTTE consolidated itself as the dominant force in Jaffna.


There was no threat to the navy at sea, but the navy had to assess the effectiveness of its craft against the new dangers. The LTTE craft were Fibre Glass Dinghies (FGD) fitted with Multiple Outboard Motors (OBM): unarmed but fast. They were meant to carry personnel and logistic requirements to and from the mainland only. The Gun Boats were too heavily armed to be effective, and the Patrol Craft too lightly armed and slow. The Navy thus assessed that it would require Fast Attack Craft that could achieve 35 knots and carry 20 mm and 12.7 mm heavy machine guns, and orders were placed accordingly. Meanwhile, another strategy was propounded at government level: placing large craft at 5-10 miles from each other, equipped with good radar, to form a surveillance screen that could both detect and intercept infiltrators. The locally built JAYESAGARA and SAGARAWARDANA were used for this, playing the role of "Mother Ship" and fast FGDs playing the "daughter" role. This was fine against smugglers and slower fishing craft doing logistical runs for the LTTE, and the navy recorded phenomenal levels of contraband catches. But the faster, personnel carrying craft were safe. Fitted with even more engines, they could penetrate the screen and out-run the interceptors. The craft that the Navy had earlier ordered now arrived, the Fast Attack Craft. The Dvoras could detect, outrun and destroy any LTTE craft. For a while, they sought an answer in using more powerful OBMs and operation in shallower waters. But the next generation of Dvoras, the Super Dvoras with lesser draught, countered this tactic.


On the mainland, the training given to the LTTE was becoming increasingly technical and the Indian government itself was being drawn into the conflict. As Gen. Denzil Kobbekaduwa's audacious "Vadamarachchi Operation" appeared to be succeeding, the Indian government was pressurized by its own constituency to intervene and halt the operation.


In 1987, former President of Sri Lanka Mr. J.R. Jayawardena signed the "Indo - Sri Lanka Accord". The Accord permitted the Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF) to enforce a ceasefire. Late Rajiv Gandhi, Prime Minister of India, flew in to Sri Lanka to sign the accord.


In Operation "Samagi" joint patrolling the SLN did the best. After a cosmetic hand-over of small arms, gradually it turned in to an open warfare between the IPKF and the LTTE. The turning point was the Navy's capture, at sea, of two terrorist leaders, Kumarappen and Pulendran, and a large consignment of arms and ammunition. More Indian troops poured into Jaffna and numbers around 100,000 were quoted. Meanwhile, a JVP-led insurrection in the South kept the government occupied but after that was put down by the Army and Police with the Navy handling only the Kalutara District, the Northern conflict came to the force again.


It was during this time the Navy lost its first Patrol Craft due to enemy action. Having considerable experience with explosives on land, but was not repeatable. SLNS ELARA was targeted for attack on several occasions but remained unscaved. The original small base was expanded to cover the entire island of Karainagar.



EELAM WAR 2


Started with land operations against Army camps and frontier villages. The LTTE had honed their fighting skills against the IPKF, while the Army had languished in barracks and, later, scattered all over to fight a very different type of foe, the JVP. The Army thus started at a distinct disadvantage. Till it was re-organized to take the initiative, the navy was called upon to keep the situation from deteriorating: to keep the Army supplied by sea, to set up refugee camps and look after them, evacuate Army personnel from indefensible positions, etc. Most naval craft were undergoing maintenance or repairs, but the fleet was 95% operational within about a week.


At sea, the LTTE had added a new weapon to its arsenal. Instead of merely trying to outrun the Navy, they converted FGDs into fighting ships by fitting heavy machine guns on board. A flotilla could thus take upon one or two naval craft by engaging them while the most useful units made a getaway. Still, the Navy was superior, but no longer invulnerable.


The most important naval operations were combined, amphibious ones. The Services learnt to depend upon and support each other. One of the first such operations was Operation "Thrividabalaya", to help maintain the troops besieged in Jaffan Fort and finally to evacuate them. No route was available from land and the causeway from the Fort to Mandativu, where the assault force set up camp, a source of danger. By day and night the small boats would ferry the Army up and down the open sea, exposed to gunfire from three directions. This was the legendary "Suicide Express".


The same tactic of besieging was tried against the all-important Elephant Pass Camp. The navy could not use the lagoon because of overwhelming LTTE presence. It was decided to induct troops by sea to the North-Eastern base of the peninsula and fight the way to Elephant Pass. Operation Balavegaya was the most ambitious amphibious landing undertaken till then. Over 7,000 troops and thousands of tons of supplies were landed by Landing Craft against stiff opposition. But the relief column reached Elephant Pass and secured it, with the Army Commander, Navy Commander and Gen. Kobbekaduwa walking the last mile across mine - fields.


Larger ships were, however, slower and the LTTE now developed a technique they had successfully used on land, and even against Rajive Gandhi himself: the suicide bomb. At sea, FGDs were modified to carry large quantities of explosives with small crews. The naval vessel targeted was engaged by several armed FGDs and rammed by the suicide boat. The tactic was successfully used against the Surveillance Command Ships ABEETHA and EDITHARA, though they were not sunk on those occasions. Another tactic adopted was the use of frogmen using mines strapped to their bodies to sink naval craft at anchor. The thinking of the LTTE was clear: cripple the Navy and Air Force and they can take on the Army.


"Balavegaya" brought home a lesson: the Jaffna lagoon must be held. The IPKF had tried this, but not very successfully.


By inducting a large number of shallow draught water jets, the LTTE main supply route was cut off. The controlled mine warfare was used most effectively here. The Naval detachment at Negathevanthurai kept up the pressure which gradually told on the LTTE, spurring them into an all-out attack on the Army camp at Pooneryn. The fall of Pooneryn made it difficult to give support to Nagathevanthurai and the navy had to resort to tactical withdrawal. Prior to its fall, when the lagoon was under naval surveillance, a suicide bomber was dispatched to Colombo to assassinate the Navy Commander, Vice Adm. (posthumously Adm.) W.W.E.C. Fernando during whose scant year in office, offensive operations at sea had been stepped up.


This phase of the conflict is yet too recent to view objectively. At sea, the LTTE decided to take on the Navy and did so successfully on some occasions. Their strategy is to deprive the navy of vessels, or to capture some. Although they have sunk vessels, they have not yet been able to cripple the navy. The 'Wolf-pack" attack has also not always worked as counter strategies have been evolved by the Navy. As at today, the navy has very largely been successful in denying them the free use of the sea and lagoon.


On land, the ongoing Operation "Jayasikuru" is progressively opening the main supply route from the south to Jaffna. The Navy has taken a land-fighting role in this operation, acting as Battalions to hold hard-won territory: today Naval Patrolmen outnumber Seamen. Already the LTTE has probed the Navy's land-fighting skills and found them not inconsiderable. So far, the bulk of men and materials, both military and civilian, have reached Jaffna through naval and civilian ships under the protection of naval escorts. Some have been targeted by the LTTE, but this has not stopped the flow.


Mission

The mission of the Sri Lankan Navy is to conduct prompt and sustainable combat operations at sea in accordance with the national policies.

The neutrality of this section is disputed.
Please see the discussion on the talk page.
The neutrality of this section is disputed.
Please see the discussion on the talk page.

Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ...

Atrocities

The Sri Lanka Navy (SLN) is known for atrocities committed against the Tamil community in the island.


The SLN was first accused of slaughtering a boat load of civilians, including women and children in 1985. This incident is better known as the Kumuthini Boat Massacre.


Again the SLN , while occupying Elephant Pass and Punaheri Base, the SLN often massacred 100s of people who were crossing the Kilaali Lagoon to get from Jaffna peninsula to the Vanni mainland.


Even after the Cease Fire Agreement between the Tamils and the Sinhalese the SLN has been accused of several massacres including the murder of a family in their sleep in Allapity, Jaffna, and the rape and murder of a family in Mannar.


More recently the Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission (SLMM) impartial monitors of the CFA said that the SLN attacked a church in Pesalai, Mannar killing five wroshipers and injuring a further 45.

The neutrality of this section is disputed.
Please see the discussion on the talk page.

Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ...

Branches

The highest branch in the navy is the executive branch comprising of Officers that are able to command ships or fleets. The engineering branch provides technical support for sea operations and mainteanance of the ships. The medical branch is in charge of the well-being of the sailors and officers. Logistics branch provides the navy with the logistics to move supplies needed for Sea operations. There are many different branches such as musical, naval patrolman, judicial, electrical, provost, and information technology.


Organization

The Rank Structure and the organizational structure is based mostly upon the British Royal Navy. Since Sri Lanka was a British colony most of its military strcuture is based upon British standards. The Royal Navy is the navy of the United Kingdom. ...

Office Rank Structure of the Sri Lankan Navy
Admiral Vice Admiral Rear Admiral Commodore Captain Commander Lieutenant Commander Lieutenant Sub Lieutenant Midshipman
30
Enlisted(Sailor) Rank Structure of the Sri Lankan Navy
Master Chief Petty Officer Fleet Chief Petty Officer Chief Petty Officer Leading Rate

Admiral is the rank, or part of the name of the ranks, of the highest naval officers. ... Vice Admiral is a naval rank of three star level, equivalent to Lieutenant General in seniority. ... The term Rear Admiral originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons, and can trace its origins to the British Royal Navy. ... Commodore has several meanings: Commodore International is a computer company Commodore 64 and Amiga were home computers Commodore (rank) is a naval rank Commodore (yacht club) is the senior officer of a yacht club The Holden Commodore is a type of car The Opel Commodore is a type of car... Captain is both a nautical term and a rank in various uniformed organizations. ... Insignia of a United States Navy Commander Commander is a military rank used in many navies but not generally in armies or air forces. ... In the Royal Navy, United States Navy and United States Coast Guard, a lieutenant commander (lieutenant-commander or Lt Cdr in the RN) is a commissioned officer superior to a lieutenant and inferior to a commander. ... A Lieutenant is a military, paramilitary or police officer. ... A Sub-Lieutenant is a junior naval commissioned officer or subordinate officer, ranking below a Lieutenant. ... A midshipman is a subordinate officer, or alternatively a commissioned officer of the lowest rank, in the navies of several English-speaking countries. ... Image File history File links AdmiralSL.png‎ Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Vice_admiralSL.png‎ Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Rear_admiralSL.png‎ Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links CommodoreSL.png‎ Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links CaptainSL.png‎ Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links CommanderSL.png‎ Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Lieutenant_commanderSL.png‎ Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links LieutenantSL.png‎ Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Sub_lieutenantSL.png‎ Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links MidshipmanSL.png‎ Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Good conduct variation Master Chief Petty Officer insignia Master Chief Petty Officer Sleeve Insignia Master Chief Petty Officer is the ninth, and highest, enlisted rate (E-9) in the U.S. Navy and U.S. Coast Guard, just above Senior Chief Petty Officer, and is a non-commissioned officer. ... Chief Petty Officer is a noncommissioned officer or equivalent in many navies. ... Leading Rating (or Leading Rate) is the most senior of the junior rates in the British Royal Navy. ... Image File history File links Master_chiefSL.jpg‎ Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Fleet_chiefSL.jpg‎ Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Chief_petty_officer. ... Image File history File links Leading_rateSL.png‎ Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Command Structure

The Navy is organized into 5 naval area commands to increase effectivness. Each area has its own habour/base, repair and refitting facilities, signal centres, logistic, civil engineering and medical facilities to ensure all ships are well maintained and are combat ready.


The current Commander of the Sri Lankan Navy is Vice Admiral Daya Sandagiri (2001-Present).


The 5 Naval Areas and their respective shore establishments.

Area Commands Facility Location of Facility
Eastern Naval Area Naval & Maritime Academy
SLNS Tissa
SLN Dockyard
SLNS Vijayaba
SLNS Walagamba
Trincomalee
Trincomalee
Trincomalee
Nilaweli
Thiriyaya
North Central Naval Area SLNS Pandukabaya
SLNS Thammenna
Naval Recruit Training Centre
Combat Training School
SLNS Gajaba
Poonewa
Talaimannar
Poonewa
Poonewa
Mannar
Northern Naval Area SLNS Elara
SLNS Uttara
SLNS Agbo
SLNS Kanchadewa
SLNS Welusumana
SLNS Gotaimbara
Karainagar
Kankesanturai
Madagal
Kayts
Mandativu
Punkudutivu
Southern Area SLNS Dakshina
SLNS Ruhuna
Advanced Naval Training Centre
Galle
Tangalle
Boossa
Western Naval Area SLNS Parakrama
SLNS Rangalla
SLNS Gemunu
SLNS Vijaya
SLNS Lanka (VNF HQ)
Colombo
Port of Colombo
Welisara
Kalpitiya
Welisar

Fleet

Following Data Collected in 2001 Coast Guard shield The United States Coast Guard is the coast guard of the United States. ...

French steam corvette Dupleix (1856-1887) Canadian corvettes on antisubmarine convoy escort duty during World War II. A corvette is a small, maneuverable, lightly armed warship, smaller than a frigate. ... The Saar 4 class missile boats were built at the Israel shipyards and based on Israeli Navy designs grounded in accumulated experience derived in the operation of cherburg (Saar 3) class. ... The Sukanya Class patrol craft are part of the Indian Navy. ... S71 Gepard, Gepard class fast attack craft A Fast Attack Craft (FAC) (German: Schnellboot) is a small (150 to 400 tonnes), fast (up to ca. ... The Aérospatiale Allouette III is a general purpose, single-engined light utility helicopter originally manufactured by Sud Aviation (later Aérospatiale of France, now Eurocopter). ... The tank landing ship (LST, for Landing Ship, Tank) was created during World War II to support amphibious operations by carrying significant quantities of vehicles, cargo, and landing troops directly onto an unimproved shore. ... A U.S. Navy hovercraft attached to the Amphibious assault ship Kearsarge (LHD-3) A Russian Project 1232. ...

Reference and Links

External links


 
Military of Sri Lanka
Flag of Sri Lanka
Sri Lankan Army Logo Sri Lankan Army | Sri Lankan Navy ensign Sri Lankan Navy | Sri Lanka Air Force |

  Results from FactBites:
 
Sri Lankan Navy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4213 words)
The Sri Lankan Navy is comprised of five commands each being commanded by a flag officer and is ultimately commanded by the Commander of the navy, who exercises his command from the Navy Headquarters in Colombo.
The RN ensign was struck and the R.Cy.N. ensign was hoisted.
The mission of the Sri Lankan Navy is to conduct prompt and sustainable combat operations at sea in accordance with the national policies.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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