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Encyclopedia > Sri Lankan Moors

Islam in Sri Lanka is practiced entirely by Sri Lankan Muslims, who make up approximately 8% of the population, comprise a group of minorities practicing the religion of Islam in Sri Lanka. In the past, the Muslim community was divided into three main sections; the Sri Lankan Moors, the Indian Moors, and the Malays, each with its own history and traditions. But now a days all are identified as just Muslims. For other uses, including people named Islam, see Islam (disambiguation). ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ...

Contents

Download high resolution version (480x640, 36 KB)Mosque in Galle, southern Sri Lanka. ... Download high resolution version (480x640, 36 KB)Mosque in Galle, southern Sri Lanka. ... The Badshahi Masjid in Lahore, Pakistan with an iwan at center, three domes, and five visible minarets A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... The Fort: View of the lighthouse Galle (ගාල්ල in Sinhala; காலி in Tamil) (pronounced as one syllable, rhyming with Gaul in English, in Sinhalese, IPA /gaːlːə/) is a town situated on the southwestern tip of Sri Lanka, 119 km from Colombo. ...


Sri Lankan Moors

The Sri Lankan Moors make up 93 % of the Muslim population and 7 % of the total population of the country (1,404,534 people in 2005). They trace their ancestry to Arab traders who moved to southern India and Sri Lanka some time between the eighth and fifteenth centuries and local converts. They used to speak Arwi or Arabic-Tamil and currently are speaking Tamil as well as Sinhala languages as their mother tongue. This article is about the people. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Arabs (Arabic: عرب ) are an ethnic group found throughout the Middle East and North Africa. ... Letters unique to Arwi. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... Tamil (தமிழ் ) is a classical language and one of the major languages of the Dravidian language family. ... The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ...


The Sri Lankan Moors lived primarily in coastal trading and agricultural communities, preserving their Islamic cultural heritage while adopting many Southern Asian customs. During the period of Portuguese colonization, the Moors suffered from persecution, and many moved to the Central Highlands, where their descendants remain.


East coast Moors

On the east coast, Sri Lankan moors are primarily Tamil speaking agriculturalists, fishers and traders. Their family lines are traced through women, as in kinship systems of the southwest Indian state of Kerala, but they govern themselves through Islamic law.[1]. Kerala ( (Anglicised) or (native); Malayalam: േകരളം, — ) is a state on the tropical Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... Sharia (Arabic شريعة also Sharia, Shariah or Syariah) is traditional Islamic law. ...


Indian Moors

The Indian Moors are Muslims who trace their origins to immigrants searching for business opportunities during the colonial period. Some of these people came to the country as far back as Portuguese times; others arrived during the British period from various parts of India. Majority of them came from Tamil Nadu and Kerala states. The Memon, originally from Sindh (in modern Pakistan), first arrived in 1870; in the 1980s they numbered only about 3,000. Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Kerala ( (Anglicised) or (native); Malayalam: േകരളം, — ) is a state on the tropical Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... It has been suggested that Memons be merged into this article or section. ... Sindh (Sind) (Sindhi: سنڌ ;Urdu: سندھ) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan and is home to the Sindhis, Muhajirs and various other groups. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ...


The Dawoodi Bohras and the Khoja came from northwestern India (Gujarat state) after 1880; in the 1980s they collectively numbered fewer than 2,000. These groups tended to retain their own places of worship and the languages of their ancestral homelands. Dawoodi Bohras are the main branch of the Bohras, a Mustaˤlī subsect of Ismāīlī Shīˤa Islām, and are based in India. ... The Khwajahs or officially Khojas (Urdu: خوجہ) are a (mostly Muslim) community that are mainly concentrated in South Asia, but due to migrations over the centuries have spread to many parts of the globe. ... Gujarat (Gujarati: , , IPA ; also spelled Gujrat and sometimes Gujarath. ... 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


The Malays

The Jami Ul Alfar mosque in pettah area one of the oldest mosques in Colombo
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The Jami Ul Alfar mosque in pettah area one of the oldest mosques in Colombo

The Malays originated in Southeast Asia. Their ancestors came to the country when both Sri Lanka and Indonesia were colonies of the Dutch. Most of the early Malay immigrants were soldiers, posted by the Dutch colonial administration to Sri Lanka, who decided to settle on the island. Other immigrants were convicts or members of noble houses from Indonesia who were exiled to Sri Lanka and who never left. The main source of a continuing Malay identity is their common Malay language (bahasa melayu), which includes numerous words absorbed from Sinhalese and Tamil, and is spoken at home. In the 1980s, the Malays comprised about 5 % of the Muslim population in Sri Lanka. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (400x602, 111 KB) Summary Created by me Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (400x602, 111 KB) Summary Created by me Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Malays (Dutch, Malayo, ultimately from Malay: Melayu) are a diverse group of Austronesian peoples inhabiting the Malay archipelago and Malay peninsula in Southeast Asia. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... The Malay language, also known locally as Bahasa Melayu, is an Austronesian language spoken by the Malay people who reside in the Malay peninsula, southern Thailand, Philippines, Singapore, central eastern Sumatra, the Riau islands, and parts of the coast of Borneo. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


See also

Similar Muslim ethnic identities in South India South India is a region of India that includes the entire Indian Peninsula, south of the Vindhya ranges. ...

Marakkar or Maraikayar is a common title, surname or name of a sub group of Tamil speaking Muslim people of Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka. ... The Mappilas (historically called Moplahs) are a Muslim community in Kerala and neighbouring states and territories of India. ... The Bearys (also known as Byaris) are a small, vibrant Muslim community concentrated mostly in coastal South Kanara (Dakshina Kannada) district of Karnataka state in India, having their own unique traditions, and distinct cultural identity. ...

References


The Country Studies are works published by the Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress ( USA), freely available for use by researchers. ... The U.S. Constitution, adopted in 1789 by a constitutional convention, sets down the basic framework of American government in its seven articles. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


 
 

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