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Encyclopedia > Sri Lankan English
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Sri Lankan English (SLE) is the English language as spoken in Sri Lanka. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... This is a list of varieties of the English language. ... Jump to: navigation, search Selected languages and dialects of the British Isles. ... Highland English is the variety of Gaelic influenced Scottish English spoken in the Scottish Highlands. ... Mid Ulster English (Ulster Anglo-Irish) is the dialect of most people in Ulster, including those in the two main cities. ... Diagram showing the geographical locations of selected languages and dialects of the British Isles. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Jump to: navigation, search African American Vernacular English (AAVE), known colloquially as Ebonics, also called Black English, Black Vernacular or Black English Vernacular (BEV), is a type of Southern American English lect (dialect, ethnolect and sociolect) of American English. ... Jump to: navigation, search American English (AmE) is the form of the English language used mostly in the United States of America. ... Hawaiian English is the standard of the English language as used in the State of Hawaii, and is — along with the Hawaiian language — an official language of the state. ... Jump to: navigation, search Spanglish, a portmanteau of the words Spanish and English, is a name used to refer to a range of language-contact phenomena, primarily in the speech of the Hispanic population of the USA, which is exposed to both Spanish and English. ... Chicano English is a dialect of American English used by Chicanos. ... Jump to: navigation, search Canadian English is the form of English used in Canada, spoken as a first or second language by over 25 million Canadians (as recorded in the census of 2001). ... Jump to: navigation, search Newfoundland English is a dialect of English specific to the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, distinct from Canadian English. ... Québec English is the dialect of English spoken within the province of Québec. ... Jump to: navigation, search Australian English (AuE) is the form of the English language used in Australia. ... New Zealand English is the dialect of English spoken in New Zealand, occasionally referred to within New Zealand as Newzild. ... For more background on this topic, see languages of Hong Kong. ... Indian English is a catch-all phrase for the dialects or varieties of English spoken widely in India (by about 11% of the population, according to the 1991 census although the nuber of Indian English speakers have dramatically increased since then) and the Indian subcontinent in general, but also by... Jump to: navigation, search Manglish (or sometimes Malglish) is the version of the English language as spoken in Malaysia and shares substantial linguistic similarities with Singlish in Singapore. ... Jump to: navigation, search Philippine English refers to the English language as it is used in the Philippines, where it is one of two official languages, the other being Filipino, which is based on Tagalog. ... Jump to: navigation, search Singlish, a portmanteau of the words Singaporean and English, is the English-based creole spoken colloquially in Singapore. ... Bermudian English is the variety of English spoken in Bermuda, a British overseas territory in the North Atlantic. ... Jump to: navigation, search Caribbean English is a dialect of the English language spoken in the Caribbean. ... Jamaican English or Jamaican Standard English is a dialect of English encompassing in a very unique way, parts and mergers of both American English and British English dialects. ... Liberian English is the form of English spoken in the African country of Liberia. ... Malawian English is the English language as spoken in Malawi. ... South African English is a dialect of English spoken in South Africa and to some extent, in neighbouring countries with a large number of Anglo-Africans living in them, such as Namibia and Zimbabwe. ... Basic English is a constructed language with a small number of words created by Charles Kay Ogden and described in his book Basic English: A General Introduction with Rules and Grammar (1930). ... Jump to: navigation, search Commonwealth English is intended as a collective term for the perceived standard English language used in the Commonwealth of Nations1, applying in theory to Australian English, British English, Caribbean English, Canadian English, Hiberno-English (Irish English)2, Hong Kong English3, Indian English (includes Pakistani English), formal... Globish, a portmanteau of the words Global and English, is a simplified version of the English language that uses only the most common English words and phrases. ... International English is the concept of the English language as a global means of communication in numerous dialects, and the movement towards an international standard for the language. ... Plain English focuses on being a flexible and efficient writing style that readers can understand in one reading. ... Simplified English is a controlled language originally developed for aerospace industry maintenance manuals. ... Special English is a simplified version of the English language used by the United States broadcasting service Voice of America in daily broadcasts. ... Standard English is a general term for a form of written and spoken English that is considered the model for educated people. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


The earliest English speakers in present-day Sri Lanka date back to the days of the British Empire, the era of Royal Navy dominance, and the British colonial presence in South Asia. Jump to: navigation, search The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps The British Empire was the worlds first global power and the largest empire in human history, a product of the European Age of Exploration that began with the... Jump to: navigation, search The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the British armed services, being the oldest of its three branches. ... Composite satellite image of the Indian subcontinent Map of South Asia. ...


An SLE consultant for the Oxford English Dictionary and author of Knox's Words notes that British readers first encountered loan words from Sri Lanka (then known as Ceylon) in a book published in 1681 entitled An Historical Relation of the Island Ceylon in the East Indies. Words from that book became used internationally: the best known is Buddha but others include betel leaf, bo tree, puja, rattan, rillow, Vedda, and wanderoo. Another significant difference between the British English and standard SriLankan English is its use of paticular tenses.Many educated SriLankans would use past perfect tense to talk about things happenned at a fixed time in the reason past instead of past simple. Many sri lankans still use the words such as frock,to scold and the question form 'to whom' which are not familiar to modern british english speakers. Jump to: navigation, search The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is a comprehensive dictionary published by the Oxford University Press (OUP). ... A loanword (or a borrowing) is a word taken in by one language from another. ... See also: 1680 in literature, other events of 1681, 1682 in literature, list of years in literature. ... Jump to: navigation, search A stone image of the Buddha. ... Jump to: navigation, search Binomial name Piper betle L. The Betel (Piper betle) is a spice whose leaves have medicinal properties. ... Binomial name Ficus religiosa L. The Sacred Fig Ficus religiosa, also known as Bo, Pipal (Peepul) or Ashwattha tree, is a species of banyan fig native to India, southwest China and Indochina east to Vietnam. ... Pūjā (alternative transliteration pooja, Sanskrit: reverence or worship, loosely) is a religious ritual which most Hindus perform every morning after bathing and dressing but prior to taking any food or drink. ... Rattan (from the Malay rotan), is the name for the roughly six hundred species of the genera Calamus and Daemonorops used for furniture and baskets. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Wanniyala-Aetto, or forest beings (This is the name they call themselves; the commonly known name is Veddhas or Veddas in Sinhalese) are an indigenous people of Sri Lanka, an island nation in the Indian Ocean. ... Species Semnopithecus schistaceus Semnopithecus ajax Semnopithecus hector Semnopithecus entellus Semnopithecus hypoleucos Semnopithecus dussumieri Semnopithecus priam The gray langurs are a group of Old World monkeys and make up the entirety of the genus Semnopithecus. ...


another example of typical srilankan english is posing questions by changing the intonation.eg:"you are hungry? the ways in which words are collocated in SL English and BRITISH ENGLISH is different from each other.For an example A Lankan would say Rice and currry whereas bristish would rather prefer CURRY AN RICE.Link titleBold textLink titlelink title == Headline text ==Link title Part of the Style and how-to series Shortcut: WP:HEP See also Help:Editing, m:Help:Editing, m:Help:Starting_a_new_page Wikipedia is a WikiWiki, which means that anyone can easily edit any unprotected article and have those changes posted immediately to that page. ... Part of the Style and how-to series Shortcut: WP:HEP See also Help:Editing, m:Help:Editing, m:Help:Starting_a_new_page Wikipedia is a WikiWiki, which means that anyone can easily edit any unprotected article and have those changes posted immediately to that page. ... Part of the Style and how-to series Shortcut: WP:HEP See also Help:Editing, m:Help:Editing, m:Help:Starting_a_new_page Wikipedia is a WikiWiki, which means that anyone can easily edit any unprotected article and have those changes posted immediately to that page. ...



SLE became more indigenous in the mid-19th century. In addition to the usual terms for flora and fauna, new idioms, referred to as Ceylonisms, emerged. In Botany a Flora (or Floræ) is a collective term for plant life and can also refer to a descriptive catalogue of the plants of any geographical area, geological period, etc. ... Fauna is a collective term for animal life. ... Look up Idiom on Wiktionary, the free dictionary An idiom is an expression whose meaning is not compositional—that is, whose meaning does not follow from the meaning of the individual words of which it is composed. ...


After independence in 1948, English was no longer an official language of Sri Lanka, but it remained in use across the island's ethnic groups. It evolved to incorporate more Sinhala vocabulary and grammatical conventions such as the use of "no?" as a tag question at the end of a sentence. Jump to: navigation, search 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search Sinhala (also Sinhalese, formerly Singhalese) is the language spoken by the Sinhalese, the largest ethnic group of Sri Lanka. ... Jump to: navigation, search A vocabulary is a set of words known to a person or other entity, or that are part of a specific language. ... Grammar is the discovery, enunciation, and study of rules governing the use of language. ... Tag questions are a grammatical structure in which a declarative statement is turned into a question by adding an interrogative fragment (the tag). Examples: Hand me that thing, could you? Go to the store, will you? Tag questions are common in politeness. ...


In spite of English's long history in Sri Lanka, 21st century Sri Lankans academicians debate about the legitimacy of SLE as a separate dialect. Jump to: navigation, search In calendars based on the Christian Era or Common Era, such as the Gregorian calendar, the 21st century is the current century, as of this writing. ...


Trivia

Anaconda and serendipity are word with Sri Lanka connections, though they are not loan words. Jump to: navigation, search Species See text. ... Serendipity is finding something unexpected and useful while searching for something else entirely. ...


External links and sources

  • This article was edited and enlarged by Rusiru kalpagee chitrasena.

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