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Encyclopedia > Sri Lankan Army
Sri Lankan Army Flag
Sri Lankan Army Flag

The Sri Lankan Army is a branch of the Sri Lankan Armed Forces with the responsbility of overseeing land-based operations. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (805x404, 44 KB) Summary Lahiru_k, I create this file using an external application. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (805x404, 44 KB) Summary Lahiru_k, I create this file using an external application. ... The Military of Sri Lanka has taken part in many wars throughout its history including the Boer Wars and both World Wars (under the command of the British at the time). ...

Contents

History

Ancient and Pre-Colonial times

The first military engagement in Sri Lanka's history is marked with the advent of Vijaya, a prince of North India who landed with his followers on the beaches of northwestern Sri Lanka around 543 BC.Incursions by South Indians into Sri Lanka territory were repeated throughout the next few centuries particularly the Cholas, led to the engagement of rival forces in battle[1]. King Dutugemunu (200 BC) is reported to have raised an army of eleven thousand inhabitants in his battle against King Elara, a Chola. King Dutugemunu's organisational skills, bravery and chivalry are famous and his battles have apparently gone down in history as an outstanding offensive operations. Centuries: 7th century BC - 6th century BC - 5th century BC Decades: 590s BC - 580s BC - 570s BC - 560s BC - 550s BC - 540s BC - 530s BC - 520s BC - 510s BC - 500s BC - 490s BC Events and Trends 548 BC -- Croesus, Lydian king, defeated by Cyrus. ... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC - 200s BC - 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC Years: 205 BC 204 BC 203 BC 202 BC 201 BC - 200 BC - 199 BC 198 BC...


Rulers such as King Gajabahu (113 AD) who sailed to India to bring back his captured soldiers stand out. King Dhatusena (433 AD) is credited with having repulsed Indian invasions and particularly for organising a naval build-up to deter seaborne attacks. He also had the foresight to cover these defences with artillery. Vijayabahu (1001 AD) was another warrior king who dislodged invaders. Parakrama Bahu the Great (1153 AD) as his title implies was outstanding in the Polonnaruwa period of Sri Lanka's history and his accomplishments as a military leader and a great administrator are noteworthy. His reign included a military expedition to Burma (Myanmar) in retaliation for certain indignities inflicted on his envoys and interference in the elephant trade. This marked the first overseas military expedition in its military history It is also reported that Parakrama Bahu's fame was such, that this assistance was sought by South Indian rulers who were involved in internecine struggles. Another strong ruler in the pre-colonial era was Parakrama Bahu VI, who ruled the entire Island from Sri Jayawardhanapura, Kotte. Trajan starts an expedition against Parthia and annexes Armenia. ... Government District Kotte Division, Colombo District Mayor Swarnalatha Silva (United Peoples Freedom Alliance) Geographical characteristics Area  - City    - Land    - Water / km²   / km²   / km² Population  - City (2001)  - Metro 115,826 ( 2001 census ) 2,234,289 (Colombo metropolitan area) Time zone Sri Lanka Standard Time Zone (UTC+5:30) Sri Jayewardenapura-Kotte...


Although the known epigraphical records do not indicate that the Sri Lankan rulers had a full-time Standing Army, at their disposal, there is evidence supported by legend, designation, name, place and tradition that prove, that there were 'stand by' equestrian, elephant and Infantry cadres to ensure the Royal Authority at all times. Militias were raised as necessity arose, and the soldiers returned to their pursuits mainly for farming after their spell of military duty. A militia is a group of citizens organized to provide paramilitary service. ...


Colonial Era

The Sri Lankan nation came under the control of 3 colonial European powers, the Portuguese, the Dutch and the British. Until the latter Sri Lanka maintained most of its independent defence forces. The British unlike its counterparts were not primarily restricted to maritime power which gave them the capability to bring the island under its control and integrate locals into the British defence forces European redirects here. ...


The Portuguese rule

It was in the beginning of the sixteenth century that modern Europe first came in contact with Ceylon. In 1505 a Portuguese fleet, while operating in the Indian seas against Arab traders, touched accidentally at Galle on the southern coast[2]; in 1517 the Portuguese re-appeared and with the consent of the Sinhalese king established a factory at Colombo. The Portuguese having begun as traders soon made themselves political masters of the entire sea-board, forts were established, and European civilization was introduced. 1505 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... // 1517 Nothing Actuall 1517 1517 1517 ==== 1517 1517 ==== 1517 ==== 1517 1517 1517 1517 151== 1517 1517 ==== 1517 1517 ==== 1517 ==== 1517 1517 1517 1517 1517 1517 ==== 1517 ==== 1517 1517 1517 1517 1517 1517 ==== 1517 1517 ==== 1517 1517 ==== 1517 ==== 1517 1517 1517 1517 1517 1517 ==== 1517 ==== 1517 1517 1517 1517 1517 1517...


The Portuguese are credited with the introduction of fortresses to Sri Lanka during this era, however Sri Lankan's developed their own forces to defend their nation, there is no evidence that the Portuguese employed locals inhabitants into their forces. The Portuguese were believed to restricted by their small numbers and their efforts being focused on maritime power.


The Dutch rule

The Dutch first landed in Ceylon in 1602, then under Portuguese control, and by 1658 had completely ousted the Portuguese from the island. The Dutch much like the Portuguese did not employ locals in their forces and preferred to live in isolation pursuing their interests in trade and commerce and defending their forts with their own forces, which included Swiss and Malay mercenaries. The Dutch Forts in Jaffna, Galle, Matara, Batticaloa and Trincomalee were sturdily built and are a tribute to their military engineering skills at the time. Much like their counterparts the Portuguese, the Dutch focused on maritime power and had the capability to develop and use local forces, but chose to isolate themselves. This page is about the year. ... Events January 13 - Edward Sexby, who had plotted against Oliver Cromwell, dies in Tower of London February 6 - Swedish troops of Charles X Gustav of Sweden cross The Great Belt (Storebælt) in Denmark over frozen sea May 1 - Publication of Hydriotaphia, Urn Burial and The Garden of Cyrus by... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... Malays (Dutch, Maleiërs, ultimately from Malay: Melayu) are a diverse group of Austronesian peoples inhabiting the Malay archipelago and Malay peninsula in Southeast Asia. ... Nallur Kandaswamy Kovil, Jaffna Jaffna (யாழ்ப்பாணம் in Tamil meaning யாழ்=harp, பாணம்=town of harper, යාපනය in Sinhala) the capital city of the Northern Province, Sri Lanka. ... The Fort: View of the lighthouse Galle (ගාල්ල in Sinhala; காலி in Tamil) (pronounced as one syllable, rhyming with Gaul in English, in Sinhalese, IPA /gaːlːə/) is a town situated on the southwestern tip of Sri Lanka, 119 km from Colombo. ... // Matara City Matara is the one of the largest city in Sri Lanka. ... Batticaloa (මඩකළපුව in Sinhala, மட்டக்களப்பு in Tamil) was the provincial capital of the eastern province of Sri Lanka. ... Bay of Trincomalee (View from Temple) Trincomalee North East city of Sri Lanka. ...


The British Rule

The British later removed the Dutch and during the first half-century of occupation faced uprisings and sought to acquire the Kandyan Kingdom, to a degree that Kandyans were forced into guerrilla warfare, who faired well against their superior British adversaries. Initially the British stationed their own troops for defence of the island nation, which included naval vessels, artillery troops and infantry. They used the natural port of Trincomalee as their headquarters. In 1796, Swiss and Malay mercenaries in the Dutch service transferred to the British East India Company. The Swiss De Meuron's Regiment was disbanded in Canada in 1822. The Malays initially formed a Malay Corps, however this changed in 1802 to the 1st Ceylon Regiment under a British Commanding Officer. In the same year they also raised a Sinhalese unit, called the 2nd Ceylon Regiment, also known as the Sepoy Corps. In 1803 a 3rd Ceylon Regiment was raised with Mollucans and recruits from Penang. All these regiments fought in the Kandyan wars of 1803. One of their number, William O'Dean, defected to the King of Kandy and was deported to by the British to Australia in 1816. Throughout the following years more Sinhalese and Malays were recruited to these regiments and in 1814 a 4th regiment was raised comprising African troops. In 1817 the name of the regiment was changed to the Ceylon Rifle Regiment. After the Matale Rebellion led by Puran Appu in 1848, the recruitment of Sinhalese was stopped. The Ceylon Rifle Regiment marked the first phase of the employment of non-British personnel in Ceylon for service in the British Military. Bay of Trincomalee (View from Temple) Trincomalee North East city of Sri Lanka. ... 1796 was a leap year starting on Friday. ... Malays (Dutch, Maleiërs, ultimately from Malay: Melayu) are a diverse group of Austronesian peoples inhabiting the Malay archipelago and Malay peninsula in Southeast Asia. ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was a joint-stock company which was granted an English Royal Charter by Elizabeth I on December 31, 1600, with the intention of favouring trade privileges in India. ... 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Malays (Dutch, Maleiërs, ultimately from Malay: Melayu) are a diverse group of Austronesian peoples inhabiting the Malay archipelago and Malay peninsula in Southeast Asia. ... --69. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... A sepoy (from Persian سپاهی Sepâhi meaning soldier) was a native of India employed as a soldier in the service of a European power, usually of the United Kingdom. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... State motto: Bersatu dan Setia (United and Loyal), formerly Let Penang Lead Location in Malaysia Government Capital George Town (5. ... Kandian Wars refers to the campaigns of the British expeditionary forces against the Kingdom of Kandy in Ceylon 1803 and 1815. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1816 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Malays (Dutch, Maleiërs, ultimately from Malay: Melayu) are a diverse group of Austronesian peoples inhabiting the Malay archipelago and Malay peninsula in Southeast Asia. ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... World map showing location of Africa A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second_largest continent in both area and population, after Asia. ... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Matale Rebellion of 1848 against the British in Sri Lanka marked a transition from the classic feudal form of anti-colonial revolt to modern independence struggles. ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Ceylon Light Infantry Volunteers

The second phase in the employment of non-British personnel commenced in 1861 after the enactment of an ordinance designed to authorise the creation of Volunteer Corps in the Colony. It was designated the Ceylon Light Infantry Volunteers (CLIV). This move compensated for the disbandment of the Ceylon Rifle Regiment in 1874. The Ceylon Light Infantry Volunteers was originally administered as a single unit. However over the years various sections of the volunteers grew large enough to become independent from their parent unit. The different units that emerged from the Volunteer Force were namely the, 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...

  • Ceylon Artillery Volunteers
  • Ceylon Mounted Infantry (CMI)
  • Ceylon Volunteer Medical Corps
  • Cadet Battalion Ceylon Light Infantry
  • Ceylon Engineers
  • Ceylon Supply & Transport Corps
  • Ceylon Planters Rifle Corps (CPRC).

Ceylon Defence Force

In 1910 the name was formerly changed to the Ceylon Defence Force (CDF). It continued to grow as throughout the early period of 20th Century. The CDF saw active service when a contingent of CMI in 1900, and a contingent of CPRC in 1902, took part in the Second Boer War in South Africa. Their valuable services were recognised by presentation, in 1902 of a colour to the CMI, and a presentation in 1904, of a Banner to the CPRC. In 1922, the CDF was honoured by the presentation of the King's and Regimental colours to the Ceylon Light Infantry(CLI). 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... |conflict=Second Boer War |partof=the Boer Wars |image= |caption=Boer guerillas during the Second Boer War |date=1899 – 1902 |place=South Africa |result=British Pyrrhic victory |casus=Jameson Raid |territory=Treaty of Vereeniging |combatant1= United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand |combatant2= Orange Free State, South African Republic |commander1=Frederick... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


During the First World War, many volunteers from the Defence Force found their way to England and joined the British Army, and many of them died. One of them, mentioned by Arthur Conan Doyle was [Private (rank)|Pte] Jacotine of the CLI, who was the last man left alive in his unit at the Battle of Lys, and who continued to fight for 20 minutes before he was killed[3]. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, DL (22 May 1859 – 7 July 1930) was a Scottish author most noted for his stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes, which are generally considered a major innovation in the field of crime fiction, and the adventures of Professor Challenger. ... The Battle of the Lys was part of the 1918 German Operation Georgette offensive in Flanders during the First World War. ...


In 1939, the CDF was mobilised and an enormous expansion took place which required raising of new units such as the Post and Telegraph Signals, the Ceylon Railway Engineer Corps, the Ceylon Electrical and Mechanical Engineer Corps, the Auxiliary Territorial Service, the Ceylon Corps of Military Police, and the Ceylon Signals Corps and the Colombo Town Guard Unit, which had been disbanded earlier, was once again formed to meet military requirements. During the Second World War Britain assumed direct control over the Armed Forces of Ceylon[4]. 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Post Independence

Major General A.M. Muttukumaru O.B.E, E.D 09th Feb 1955 - 31st Dec. 1959 - First Ceylonese Commander
Major General A.M. Muttukumaru O.B.E, E.D 09th Feb 1955 - 31st Dec. 1959 - First Ceylonese Commander

When WWII ended, the task of returning the enormously swollen wartime CDF to its normal proportions got under way. By 1948 independence was declared and in 1949, the Army Act was passed by Parliament raising the Ceylon Army[5], composed of Regular and Volunteer Forces. The initial requirement was to raise an artillery regiment, an engineer squadron, an infantry battalion, a medical unit, and a service corps company. The Army Act was enacted in parliament on the October 10 1949 which is recognized as the day, the Ceylon Army was raised. The Army was to be comprised of a Regular and a Volunteer force and the initial requirement was to raise the following units in the Regular and Volunteer Forces. Image File history File links Maj_Gen_Mutukumaru. ... Image File history File links Maj_Gen_Mutukumaru. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies where authority is vested in a parliament, and the latter being parliamentary republics whose parliaments are effectively supreme over a separate head of state. ... October 10 is the 283rd day of the year (284th in Leap years). ...


There were no formations and all units were directly functioning under Army Headquarters. Temporary field headquarters were formed at the time of a requirement as it was done during the 1958 communal riots. The first field formation was raised in 1963, to prevent illicit immigration from South India. This headquarters was known as Task Force Anti Illicit Immigration (TAFII), which was disbanded in 1981. In May 1972, when Ceylon became the Republic of Sri Lanka, all Army units were renamed accordingly 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...


Subsequently, various formations were raised from time to time to suit various security requirements in the country. The Army is now organised into divisions and brigades. Each division is responsible for a particular area and it is commanded by a General Officer Commanding in the rank of Major General. Except for the division based in Panagoda, all other divisions are responsible for the security in the Northern and Eastern provinces. The area assigned to a particular division is further divided into areas where the responsibility of those areas are assigned to brigades. Each brigade is commanded by an officer in the rank of Brigadier and has a number of Infantry battalions, support arms (Artillery, Engineers and Signals), and Services (Service Corps, Engineering Services, Ordnance Corps, Electrical and Mechanical Engineers), under its command. In peace areas instead of brigade there are Area and Sub-Area Headquarters. Armour, Artillery, Engineers and Signals Units are grouped under Brigade Headquarters of their own arm; Armoured Brigade, Artillery Brigade and so on.


1980–present

When the insurgency caused by the JVP drew to a close, the army was confronted with a new conflict, this time with the LTTE. The war escalated to the point where India was asked to intervene as a peacekeeping force. This was later seen as a tactical error, as the IPKF united nationalist elements such as the JVP to politically support the LTTE in their call to evict the IPKF. The war with the LTTE was only halted due a ceasefire agreement signed in 2002 and brokered by the Norwegians. However, renewed violence has threatened to return the country to war following escalating attacks since December 2005 and the breakdown of the Geneva peace talks. An insurgency is an armed revolt or insurrection against an established civil or political authority, such as a constituted government or an occupation by an invading force. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Tamil Tigers emblem The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), also known as the Tamil Tigers, is a military and political organization that has waged a violent secessionist campaign against the Sri Lankan Government since the 1970s in order to secure independence for the Tamil portions of Sri Lanka. ... Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF), was the Indian military unit peforming a peacekeeping operation that was formed to oversee the peace accord signed between India and Sri Lanka in 1987. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Geneva (pronunciation //; French: Genève //, German: //, Italian: Ginevra) is the second most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich), and is the most populous city of Romandy (the French-speaking part of Switzerland). ...


Since 1980 the army has undertaken many operations against the LTTE rebels. The major operations conducted by the army eventually led to the capture of Jaffna and other rebel strongholds. 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Nallur Kandaswamy Kovil, Jaffna Jaffna (யாழ்ப்பாணம் in Tamil meaning யாழ்=harp, பாணம்=town of harper, යාපනය in Sinhala) the capital city of the Northern Province, Sri Lanka. ...

  • Eelam War I (1976-1987)
  • JVP Uprising (1987-1990)
  • Eelam War II (1990-1995)
  • Eelam War III (1995-2002)
  • Operation Jayasikurui
  • Operation Rivibala
  • Operation Ranagosa
  • Operation Rivikirana
  • Operation Kinihira
  • Operation Kinihira II
  • Operation Kinihira III/IV
  • Operation Kinihira V/VI
  • Operation Kinihira VII
  • Operation Kinihira VIII
  • Operation Kinihira IX

Organization

The staff in the Army is assigned to support the field troops. Army Headquarters is divided into many branches, namely the General Staff (GS) branch responsible for coordination of operations and training and Adjutant General's (AGs) branch responsible for personal administration, welfare, medical services and rehabilitation. The Quarter Master General's (QMGs) branch is responsible for feeding, transport, movement and construction and maintenance. Master General of Ordnance (MGOs) branch is responsible for procurement and maintenance of vehicles and special equipment. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 137 KB) Summary www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 137 KB) Summary www. ... Headquarters (HQ) denotes the location where most, if not all, of the important functions of an organization are concentrated. ... A General Staff is a group of professional military officers who act in a staff or administrative role under the command of a general officer. ... An adjutant general is the chief administrative officer to a military general. ... A Quartermaster general is the staff officer in charge of supplies for a whole army. ... The Master-General of the Ordnance (MGO) was an important British military position before 1855, when its duties were largely abolished. ...


Each branch is headed by an officer in the rank of Major General who is directly responsible to the Commander of the Army for the smooth functioning of the Branch. The Military Secretary's Branch headed by a senior Brigadier, is responsible for handling all matters pertaining to officers such as promotions, postings and discipline. Under each Branch, there are several Directorates, each headed by a Brigadier. Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Brigadier is a rank which is used in different ways by different countries. ... A promotion is the advancement of rank or position in an organizational hierarchy system. ... Discipline is any training intended to produce a specific character or pattern of behaviour, especially training that produces moral, physical, or mental development in a particular direction. ...


The Headquarters of field formations each has its own staff. For instance a divisional headquarters is divided into a GS branch as an AQ branch, each headed by a Colonel and is responsible for operations & training and administration & logistics respectively. Similarly, a Brigade Major and Major AQ is responsible for operations and administration in a brigade. Brigade is a term from military science which refers to military echelon under a division, above a regiment where that exists as such, nowadays often a group of several battalions (typically two to four), and directly attached supporting units (normally including at least an artillery battery and additional logistic support). ... Major is a military rank the use of which varies according to country. ... Planning, calculating, or the giving or receiving of information. ...


Regiments[6]

  • Sri Lanka Armoured Corps
  • Sri Lanka Artillery
  • Sri Lanka Engineers
  • Sri Lanka Signals Corps
  • Sri Lanka Light Infantry
  • Sri Lanka Sinha Regiment
  • Gemunu Watch
  • Gajaba Regiment
  • Vijayabahu Infantry Regiment
  • Commando Regiment
  • Special Forces Regiment
  • Military Intelligence Corps
  • Engineer Services Regiment
  • Sri Lanka Army Service Corps
  • Sri Lanka Army Medical Corps
  • Sri Lanka Army Ordnance Corps
  • Sri Lanka Electrical and Mechanical Engineers
  • Sri Lanka Corps of Military Police
  • Sri Lanka Army General Service Corps
  • Sri Lanka Army Women's Corps
  • Sri Lanka Riffle Corps
  • Sri Lanka Army Pioneer Corps
  • Sri Lanka National Guard

Training Centres[7]

  • Army Command and Staff College
  • Sri Lanka Military Academy
  • Army Training School
  • Infantry Training Centre
  • Combat Training School
  • Army Physical Education Centre
  • Volunteer Force Training School
  • Marksman Sniper Training School
  • Non Commission Officer Training School
  • Language Training School
  • Institute of Peacekeeping Support Operations Training Sri Lanka

Personnel

Sri Lankan U.N forces to Haiti
Sri Lankan U.N forces to Haiti

In September 2004, the Sri Lankan government deployed approximately 750 troops to Haiti in its first major overseas operation[8]. It was part of the United Nations peacekeeping mission within the Caribbean nation. Prior to the deployment, all of the army's operations took place in Sri Lanka due to the internal situation. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (800x602, 160 KB) Summary www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (800x602, 160 KB) Summary www. ... The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, and social equity. ... UN Peacekeepers in Eritrea. ... World map depicting Caribbean : West Indies redirects here. ...


The Sri Lankan Army presently stands at 150,000 strong, plus an additional 10,000 in reserve. It is one of the fastest growing armed forces in the world.


In light of recent attacks by the LTTE, the United States has expressed its intent to maintain military training assistance and possibly increase it should the violence continue.[9]


Notable fallen heroes

Lieutenant General Denzil Kobbekaduwa
Lieutenant General Denzil Kobbekaduwa

Image File history File links Gen. ... Image File history File links Gen. ... Corporal Gamini Kularatne Corporal Gamini Kularatne(ගාමිණී කුලරත්න), called the Hasalaka Hero(හසළක වීරයා, හසළක ගාමිණී), (September 4, 1966 - July 13, 1991) was a Sri Lankan soldier. ... Captain Saliya Upul Aladeniya () (PWV, WWV) (1964 - June 11, 1990) was a Sri Lankan soldier who refused to abandon the injured of his platoon and, fought until the Kokavil army camp was overrun by Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam attackers. ... Lieutenant General Denzil Lakshman Kobbekaduwa (July 27, 1940 - 1992) was a Sri Lankan soldier. ... Major General Vijaya Wimalaratne‎ Major General Vijaya Wimalaratne(මේජර් ජෙනරාල් විජය විමලරත්න) was a Sri Lankan soldier. ... Lieutenant General Parami Kulatunga (born circa 1950 in Kandy, died 26 June 2006) was Deputy Chief of Staff of the Sri Lankan Army, its third highest ranking officer. ...

Equipment

In recent years, Sri Lanka has become increasingly reliant on China for weapons, since most European nations and the United States have regulations about selling weaponry to nations who are suffering from internal conflicts[10].China has no such regulations, and some see the sales as an attempt to gain political influence with strategically-important Sri Lanka. [11] The weapons have ranged from rifles to naval ships. Sri Lanka still receives a variety of weapons from Britain, Pakistan, Israel and other former suppliers[12].


Infantry weapons

The Chinese Type 56 Assault Rifle is a copy of the AK-47 Kalashnikov. ... The AK is the worlds most common assault rifle. ... The Chinese Type 81 Assault Rifle is the principal automatic rifle used by the Peoples Liberation Army. ... The MP5 is a submachine gun, developed by German weapons manufacturer Heckler & Koch (HK) in the 1960s. ... The Uzi is a compact, boxy, light-weight submachine gun. ... M16 is the U.S. Military designation for a family of rifles derived from the ArmaLite AR-15. ... Type 69 RPG with bipod mount. ... A guerrilla fighter in Iraq ready to fire an RPG loaded with an OG-7V fragmentation warhead. ... The PK is a 7. ... 7. ... A general purpose machine gun (GPMG) in concept is a compromise weapon, a machine gun intended to fill the role of either a light machine gun or medium machine gun, while at the same time being man-portable. ... The RPD is a belt-fed machine gun formerly manufactured in the Soviet Union and in China. ...

Multiple rocket launchers

  • RM-70 Multiple barrel rocket launcher (MBRL) [17]
T-55 Main Battle Tank
T-55 Main Battle Tank

RM70. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 112 KB) Summary www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 112 KB) Summary www. ...

Armoured vehicles

The T-54 and T-55 tank series was the Soviet Unions front-line main battle tank from 1947 until 1962, and remains in service throughout the world to this day, especially by former client states of the Soviet Union. ... The T-54 and T-55 tank series was the Soviet Unions front-line main battle tank from 1947 until 1962, and remains in service throughout the world to this day, especially by former client states of the Soviet Union. ... The US M1A1 Abrams tank is a typical modern main battle tank. ... General characteristics Length 6. ... Logo of Daimler 1898 Daimler car in Bristol Industrial Museum, England This article is about the British automobile manufacturer. ... The Ferret armoured car, also commonly called the Ferret Scout car, is a British produced armoured fighting vehicle designed and built for reconnaissance purposes. ... The Saladin (FV601) was a six-wheeled armoured car built by Alvis and used by the British army. ... Military armored cars A French VBL reconnaissance vehicle. ... The FV 603 Saracen was a six-wheeled armoured personnel carrier built by Alvis and used by the British army that became a recognisable vehicle as a result of its part in the policing of Northern Ireland. ... The BMP-1 is a Soviet infantry fighting vehicle which was first introduced in the early 1960s. ... A Warrior vehicle with UN markings, during the making of the eponymous film. ... The BMP-1 is a Soviet infantry fighting vehicle which was first introduced in the early 1960s. ... The BMP-3 is a Soviet infantry fighting vehicle which was first introduced 1990. ... BTR-80 is a 8x8 wheeled armoured personnel carrier (APC) designed in the Soviet Union. ... The M113, one of the most common tracked APCs, on duty during the Vietnam War. ... The WZ551 is a Chinese APC that resembles the VAB APC. The WZ551 comes in two variations: the 4X4 APC looks like the VAB the 6X6 APC (only version) Peoples Liberation Army Ground Force land arm of the Peoples Liberation Army Peoples National Army land arm of... The M113, one of the most common tracked APCs, on duty during the Vietnam War. ... The Buffel was the primary mine-protected APC of the South African Army during the Angolan conflict. ... Tata may mean: Tata Group, a company in India Tata Steel, an important component of the group Jamshetji Tata, known as the father of Indian industry J. R. D. Tata, pioneer aviator and founder of companies Ratan Tata, present chairman of the Tata Group Tata Airlines, now Air India Tata... A chassis (plural: chassis) consists of a framework which supports an inanimate object, analogous to an animals skeleton; for example in the construction of an automobile or of a firearm. ... An engine is something that produces some effect from a given input. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1044x600, 125 KB) Summary China Military Blog, http://china-defense. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1044x600, 125 KB) Summary China Military Blog, http://china-defense. ... The BTR-152 was the first Soviet attempt at an armoured infantry vehicle. ... The Shorland is an armoured car that was developed for the Royal Ulster Constabulary for internal security duties in Northern Ireland. ...

Awards and decorations of Sri Lankan Army

Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...

Human Rights Allegations

The situation of human rights in Sri Lanka is generally considered to be very poor. ... Several groups have alleged that there have been instances of state terrorism by Sri Lanka. ...

Atack on civilians

Sri Lanka Armed Forces have committed various human rights abuses especially against Tamil civilians [1], including various massacres, rapes[2], murders even in religious establishments. [3] It should be noted that the army has been alleged to have massacred 15 NGO workers of the French humanitarian organization Action Contre la Faim [4], but the GoSL have invited forensic experts from Australia for investigation in to this matter [5], although SLMM has already ruled that the army is responsible[6]. A sustained artillery attack on a school housing refugees by the Sri Lankan army killed scores of civilians in Vakarai within the Eastern Province on November 8, 2006 [7]. There have been reports that the number could be up to 45 [8]. The Sri Lankan army speculated the civilians were used as human shields by the LTTE. The LTTE strongly denied the accusation. SLMM could see no military installation in the camp area and are seeking an explanation from the Army [9]. The Tamil people are an ethnic group from South Asia with a recorded history going back more than two millennia. ... Action Against Hunger (known internationally as Action Contre la Faim, or ACF) is an international relief and development organization committed to saving the lives of malnourished children and families while seeking long-term, sustainable solutions to hunger. ... The Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission - SLMM, was established on February 22, 2002 by the Government of Sri Lanka and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam LTTE. SLMM consists of members from the five Nordic countries, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, and Iceland. ... The Vaharai bombing occured on November 7, 2006, where minority Sri Lankan Tamil refugees displaced by the current phase of the Sri Lankan civil war and sheltered in a school came under sustained artillery attack by the Sri Lankan Army. ... Eastern Province is a province of Sri Lanka. ... November 8 is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 53 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission - SLMM, was established on February 22, 2002 by the Government of Sri Lanka and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam LTTE. SLMM consists of members from the five Nordic countries, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, and Iceland. ...


Probably the above paragraph had been edited by Pro LTTE. Such biased exaggerated news are not credible. All these stories are created and distributed by pro LTTE sources. If any one seek true unbiased information plese visit army.lk[10] or defence.lk[11]


Child soldier recruitment

A senior UN official has recently accused the army for helping the paramilitary group Colonel Karuna's TamilEela Makkal Viduthalai Pulikal to recruit child soldiers forcibly [12], and stated he got credible evidence for the forceful recruitment. தமிழீழ மக்கள் விடுதலைப்புலிகள், Tamileela Makkal Viduthalai Pulikal or in English Tamileela Peoples Liberation Tigers, a political party and Para-military group formed in 2004 by break-away LTTE Military Head of Batticaloa district V. Muralitharan (Colonel Karuna). ...


This is an another fabricated bias statement made by an UN official. This statement has made both SL army and Sri Lankan government surprised. Please visit official news web site of SL for true information. [13]



Note: Child solider recruitment is one of the major allegations against the LTTE terrorists. There are credible evidences that the LTTE is mainly using child soldiers for their activities.


References

  1. ^ Sri Lanka Army Web Site, History, The Ancient Time
  2. ^ The Portuguese in Sri Lanka (1505-1658)
  3. ^ Indias, Sri Lankan Army
  4. ^ History of the Sri Lanka Light Infantry Regiment
  5. ^ Sri Lanka Army Web Site, Establishment
  6. ^ Sri Lanka Army Web Site, Establishments
  7. ^ Sri Lanka Army Web Site, Training
  8. ^ Sri Lanka Light Infantry UN Peacekeeping Operations
  9. ^ LTTE's Military Capability
  10. ^ SMALL ARMS AND LIGHT WEAPONS CONFERENCE REPORT, Judith McDanie
  11. ^ No Nonsense guide to The Arms Trade, Gideon Burrows
  12. ^ Naval surveillance is the millstone around LTTE's neck
  13. ^ Infantry Weapons List
  14. ^ Infantry Weapons List
  15. ^ Infantry Weapons List
  16. ^ Infantry Weapons List
  17. ^ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms PDF
  18. ^ FAS, T54/T55 Series Tanks
  19. ^ Global Security Type 69 Main Battle Tank
  20. ^ Army-guide, Ferret
  21. ^ Army-guide, BMP-1
  22. ^ Army-guide, BMP-2
  23. ^ Ghost Recon Arms, BMP-3 Infantry Fighting Vehicle
  24. ^ Army Recognition
  25. ^ Sunday Observer, From Unicorn to Unibuffel
  26. ^ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms PDF
  27. ^ Army Guide, Shorland S55
  28. ^ Army Guide, HUSSAR
  29. ^ Saferworld's research project on arms and security in EU Associate Countries, Czech Republic

1505 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 13 - Edward Sexby, who had plotted against Oliver Cromwell, dies in Tower of London February 6 - Swedish troops of Charles X Gustav of Sweden cross The Great Belt (Storebælt) in Denmark over frozen sea May 1 - Publication of Hydriotaphia, Urn Burial and The Garden of Cyrus by...

External links



 
Military of Sri Lanka
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Sri Lankan army Sri Lankan Army | Sri Lankan Navy ensign Sri Lankan Navy | Sri Lankan Airforce Sri Lankan Air Force |

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Sri Lankan Army - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2241 words)
The Sri Lankan Army is a branch of the Sri Lankan Armed Forces with the responsbility of overseeing land-based operations.
The Sri Lankan nation came under the control of 3 colonial European powers, the Portuguese, the Dutch and the British.
By 1948 independence was declared and in 1949, the Army Act was passed by Parliament raising the Ceylon Army, composed of Regular and Volunteer Forces.
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The Army says it has arrested seven suspected LTTE suicide bombers in just the past one week, but there could be hundreds of such LTTE members out there and the Army is fighting hard to guard Colombo.
The Army also worried about the fact that the LTTE is easily recruiting cadres from well within Army controlled areas and giving military training to civilians by the Tigers is again causing concern.
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