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Encyclopedia > Sri Lanka Police
Crest of the Sri Lanka Police.

The Sri Lanka Police is the civilian national police force of the republic of Sri Lanka. The police force has a manpower of approximately 60,000. It is responsible for enforcing criminal and traffic law, enhancing public safety, maintaining order and keeping the peace throughout Sri Lanka. The professional head of the police is the Inspector General of Police who reports to the minister of defense, when the Police service in under the Ministry of Defence as it is currently. The current Inspector General of Police is Victor Perera, who succeeded Chandra Fernando. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... The Inspector General of Police (IGP) is the professional head of the Sri Lanka Police. ... Ministry of Defence (Sri Lanka) The President of Sri Lanka and Minister of Defence, Public Security, Law & Order Hon. ... The Inspector General of Police (IGP) is the professional head of the Sri Lanka Police. ...


In recent years with the Sri Lankan civil war, the police service has become an integral part of maintaining of the nation's security, with primarily focusing on internal security. Many police officers have been killed in the line of duty mainly due to terrorist attacks. Specially trained commando/Counter-terrorist unit named Special Task Force, are regularly deployed in joint operations with the armed forces for Counter-Terrorism operations, VVIP protection, and the police command structure in Northern and Eastern provinces is closely integrated with the other security organizations under the authority of the Joint Operations Command. Combatants Military of Sri Lanka Indian Peace Keeping Force Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Commanders Junius Richard Jayawardene (1983-89) Ranasinghe Premadasa (1989-93) Dingiri Banda Wijetunge (1993-94) Chandrika Kumaratunga (1994-2005) Mahinda Rajapaksa (2005-present) Velupillai Prabhakaran (1983-present) Strength 111,000[1] 11,000[1] The Sri... This article is becoming very long. ... Counter-terrorism refers to the practices, tactics, and strategies that governments, militaries, and other groups adopt in order to fight terrorism. ... The Special Task Force (STF)(In Sinhala: ) is an elite special force unit of the Sri Lanka Police specializing in Counter-Terrorist and Counter-Insurgency operations. ...


In case of emergency, any civilian in Sri Lanka can reach the police by dialing 119 from any telephone.

Contents

Roles

Sri Lankan Police officers in ceremonial white full-dress uniforms on motorbikes and Mounted officers in their red ceremonial tunic escorting a new ambassador to meet the president to hand over Letter of Credence.
  • Law enforcement
    • Fighting crime.
    • Carrying out investigations.
    • Drug enforcement.
  • Security
    • Keeping public security.
    • Maintaining public order.
    • Counter-terrorism.
    • Securing public events, rallies and holidays.
    • Riot control / crowd control.
    • Intelligence Services.
    • Providing VIP security (VVIP security is handled by the Special Task Force).
    • Handling suspicious objects and Bomb disposal (EOD) (handled by the Special Task Force).
    • Handling the local command of the Home Guard.
    • Assisting the Prison Service in prisoner transport and control of prison unrest.
  • Traffic control
  • Coordinating emergency services
  • Police and community
    • Handling civilian complaints.
    • Handling youth violence and crime.
    • Educating the community and participating in educational campaigns.
    • Providing ceremonial escorts to the President, the Prime minister and foreign ambassadors on state functions.

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A Letter of Credence is a formal letter sent by one head of state to another formally accrediting a named individual (usually but not always a diplomat) to be their ambassador in the country of the head of state receiving the letter of credence. ... For the band, see The Police. ... Counter-terrorism refers to the practices, tactics, and strategies that governments, militaries, and other groups adopt in order to fight terrorism. ... The Special Task Force (STF)(In Sinhala: ) is an elite special force unit of the Sri Lanka Police specializing in Counter-Terrorist and Counter-Insurgency operations. ... The Longest Walk. ... Ṇ Look up EOD in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Special Task Force (STF)(In Sinhala: ) is an elite special force unit of the Sri Lanka Police specializing in Counter-Terrorist and Counter-Insurgency operations. ... Department of Civil Defence or the Sri Lanka Civil Defence Force is the former Home Guard Service, is an Sri Lankan paramilitary force which is tasked as an auxiliary to the Sri Lankan Police. ... The Department of Prisons is a department of the government of Sri Lanka responsible for the incarceration and rehabilitation of convicted criminal offenders and terror suspects in Sri Lanka. ... Road traffic control involves directing vehicular and pedestrian traffic around a construction zone, accident or other road disruption, thus ensuring the safety of emergency response teams, construction workers and the general public. ... Emergency services are services that deal with emergencies and other aspects of Public Safety. ...

History

A Sri Lankan Police officer stands guard on the streets of Colombo.

1797 :- The office of Fiscal was created and Fredric Barron Mylius was appointed as Fiscal of Colombo and entrusted with responsibility of policing the City of Colombo. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


1806 :- The regulation No. 6 of 1806, appointed a Police Vidane to each village, for prevention and detection of crime in rural area.


1832: - A committee appointed by the governor was instructed to form a police force. It was decided by this committee that this new police force was to be funded by a tax to be paid by the public. It consisted of One Superintendent, One Chief Constable, Five Constables, Ten Sergeants and 150 Peons. They were responsible for maintaining law and order in the capital city of Colombo.


1844: - As the police force was restricted to coastal areas only , a second police force was created to cater to the hill country.


1858: - The police force in the coastal area and the Police force in the hill country were unified to make one Police force.


1864: - The first death of a police officer whilst on duty occurred when he attempted to apprehend a brigand by the name of "Saradiel" who was subsequently compared to "Robin Hood" of “sherwood forest”. Robin Hood memorial statue in Nottingham. ...


1865: - The Police Ordinance was enacted to stipulate powers and responsibilities of policemen.


1866: - Mr. "William Robert Campbell" then the chief of police in the Indian province of Rathnageri, was appointed as Chief Superintendent of Police in Sri Lanka to be in charge of the Police Force on 03.09.1866. Therefore, the 3rd of September 1866 is considered as the beginning of Sri Lanka Police Service.


1867: - The Chief of Police was designated as the Inspector General of Police Accordingly Mr. "William Robert Campbell" became the first Inspector General of Police . The Police Headquarters was found at Maradana, in the City of Colombo. The Inspector General of Police (IGP) is the professional head of the Sri Lanka Police. ...


1870: - Muslim rioters attacked The Police Headquarters. The Police were successful in repulsing the attack, but the building of the Police Headquarters was damaged. In this year the Criminal Investigations Department (C.I.D.) was formed.


1879: - The strength of the Police force had tripled from 585 when IGP Campbell was appointed, to a force of 1528. The first police firing range, training college and the publishing of the annual administration report emerged during this year.


1892: - The Depot Police presently known as the Field Force Headquarters was formed. Uniforms and housing were made free for Police officers as well as the payment of a Good Conduct Allowance was initiated.


1908: - Finger printing and photographing of criminals were initiated along with the direct recruitment to the rank of Assistant Superintendents of Police during this year.


1913: - Mr. Herbert Layard Dowbiggin was appointed as the 8th Inspector General of Police. 119 Police stations were in operation with a total strength of 2306. Sir Herbert Layard Dowbiggin, C.M.G. (1880-1966) was the British colonial Inspector General of Police of Ceylon (Sri Lanka) from 1913 to 1937, the longest tenure of office of an Inspector General of Police (IGP). ...


1915: - For the first time two officers were appointed as Deputy Inspectors General of Police .


1916: - 0.22 Caliber rifles were issued in place of shotguns.


1920: - For the first time police officers were deployed for the purpose of controlling traffic


1923: - A book containing comprehensive details regarding all aspects of the Police called the “Departmental Order Book” was formulated.


1926: - The Sport Division was established.


1930: - A handbook of traffic rules and regulations was issued for traffic duties.


1932: - The Police Headquarters was shifted from Maradana to it’s present location in Colombo Fort.


1938: - Police telephone boxes were deployed throughout the city of Colombo.


1942: - Temporary forces were employed, known as Temporary Police Constables.


1945: - Police units were deployed at all hospitals. In addition Police units were also deployed for Railway security. However the following year, the Railway Police force was discontinued as a necessity did not arise.


1952: - Women were enrolled to the Police force for the first time. VHF Radios were introduced for communication. It was decided that in honour of police officers killed in the line of duty state funerals with full police honours would be held. In addition the Police flag would be flown at half mast throughout the country.


1954: - Police stations were graded into five classifications viz. Grade “E” to Grade “A” . The grading of Police stations were considered depending on the work load , population, locality , crimes , important Institutions etc., in the area.


1963: - Divisions in the Police were made as North, Central, South, Administration & Criminal Investigation Department. Mr. D. B. I. P. S. Siriwardane, a Civil servant was the first civilian to be appointed as the Deputy Inspector of Police in charge of Administration.


1966: - The Police Public Relations Division was established on 1'st October 1966, at Police Headquarters, Colombo.


1969: - The establishment of the Tourist Police and the Illicit Immigration sector, in March 1969.

A Sri Lankan Police officers arm badge.

1972: - The Crime Detective Bureau was started on 1'st August 1972. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


1973: -On the15th of August 1973 the Police Narcotics Bureau was started and The Colombo Fraud Investigation Bureau too was established.


1974: - The Police uniforms for Constables and Sergeants was changed.


1976: - The rank of Woman Police Sub Inspector was introduced. 2 Women police officers were promoted to the rank of Sub Inspector.


1978: - Establishment of The Police Higher Training Institute.


1979: - The Children & Women Bureau was established.


1983: - Establishment of The Police Special Task Force. The Special Task Force (STF)(In Sinhala: ) is an elite special force unit of the Sri Lanka Police specializing in Counter-Terrorist and Counter-Insurgency operations. ...


1985: - A new promotion scheme was introduced from the rank of Police Constable up to the rank of Inspector of Police.


1988: - A Woman Police Inspector was promoted to the rank of Assistant Superintendent of Police


1989: - Women were recruited and enlisted as Sub Inspectors.


1991: - The Sri Lanka Police celebrated 125 years of Policing in Sri Lanka.


1993: - The Police Information Technology Division was established.


1998: - The Marine Division was established.


1999: - The Ombudsman Division was established.


2000 - The Police Examination Division was established.


2002: - The Police Human right Division was established.


2002: - The Disappearances Investigation Unit was established.


2004: - The Judicial Security Division was established.


2005: - The Colombo Crime Division was established.


2006: - The Reserve police force was abolished & its officers transferred to the regular police force.

Sri Lanka Police Flag.

Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ...

Organization

In 1988 the police force was divided into three geographic commands--known as ranges--covering the northern, central, and southern sectors of the island. The ranges were subdivided into divisions, districts, and stations, and Colombo was designated as a special division. In 1974 there were a total of 260 police stations throughout the country. In more remote rural areas beyond the immediate range of existing police stations, law enforcement functions are carried out by locally elected village headmen (grama seva niladhari, literally "village service officers"). In addition to its regular forces, the national police operated a small reserve contingent and a number of specialized units responsible for investigative and paramilitary functions. Routine criminal activity was handled by the Criminal Investigation Department under the command of an assistant superintendent of police. More coordinated threats to internal security, such as that posed by the radical Sinhalese Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna were the responsibility of the Countersubversive Division, which was primarily an investigative division. Special operational units included the Commando Squad of the Colombo police and the Special Task Force. The former, a 200-strong riot control force, was established following the anti-Tamil riots of 1983. The Special Task Force is a police field force. It was set up in 1984 with the assistance of foreign advisers (primarily former British Special Air Service personnel under the auspices of Keeny Meeny Services, see Foreign Military Relations , this ch.). Its 1,100-member force was organized into 7 companies and trained in counterinsurgency techniques. It played a major role in the government's combined force operations against the Tamil Tigers in Eastern Province before July 1987. Following the signing of the Indo-Sri Lankan Accord, the Special Task Force was redesignated the Police Special Force, and deployed in Southern Province, where it immediately went into action against the JVP terrorists. Companies of the force also served in rotation as part of the presidential security guard. The Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (Sinhala janatā vimukti peramuṇa, Peoples Liberation Front) is a nationalist Marxist political party in Sri Lanka. ...


Until 1984 the police were responsible for national (local) intelligence functions, first under the Special Branch, and later under the Intelligence Services Division. The perceived failure of the Intelligence Services Division during the riots of July 1983 led the Jayewardene government to reevaluate the nation's intelligence network, and in 1984 the president set up a National Intelligence Bureau. The new organization combined intelligence units from the army, navy, air force, and police. It was headed by a deputy inspector general of police who reported directly to the Ministry of Defence. Ministry of Defence (Sri Lanka) The President of Sri Lanka and Minister of Defence, Public Security, Law & Order Hon. ...


Divisions

  • Criminal Investigation Department (CID)
  • Terrorist Investigation Department (TID)
  • Special Task Force (STF)
  • Mounted Division
  • Police Narcotic Bureau
  • Children & Women Bureau
  • Traffic Police
  • Tourist Police
  • Police Kennels
  • Human Rights Division
  • Police Information Technology Division
  • Marine Division
  • Ombudsman Division
  • Police Examination Division
  • Judicial Security Division
  • Diplomatic Security Division
  • Colombo Crime Division
  • Police Hospital, Colombo

Charles Vincent, founder of the Metropolitan Police CID The Criminal Investigation Department (CID) is the branch of all British Police and many other Commonwealth police forces to which plain clothes detectives belong. ... The Special Task Force (STF)(In Sinhala: ) is an elite special force unit of the Sri Lanka Police specializing in Counter-Terrorist and Counter-Insurgency operations. ...

Ranks

Commissioned Officers

  • Inspector General of Police (IGP)
  • Senior Deputy Inspector General of police(SDIG)
  • Deputy Inspector General of police(DIG)
  • Senior Superintendent of police(SSP)
  • Superintendent of police (SP)
  • Assistant Superintendent of police (ASP)

The Inspector General of Police (IGP) is the professional head of the Sri Lanka Police. ... Superintendent (Supt. ... Assistant Superintendent, or Assistant Superintendent of Police (ASP), was a rank used by police forces in the British Empire. ...

Non-Commissioned Officers

Chief Inspector (Ch Insp) is a rank in British Police forces. ... Inspector is a rank in many police forces. ... Sub Inspector is a rank extensively used in the Indian Police, which primarily is based on the British model. ... This article is about a military rank and position. ... Sergeant is a rank used in some form by most militaries, police forces, and other uniformed organisations around the world. ... Sergeant is a rank used in some form by most militaries, police forces, and other uniformed organisations around the world. ... A constable is a person holding a particular office, most commonly in law enforcement. ... A constable is a person holding a particular office, most commonly in law enforcement. ... A constable is a person holding a particular office, most commonly in law enforcement. ... A constable is a person holding a particular office, most commonly in law enforcement. ...

Arms

Sri Lanka Police officers do not normally carry firearms while on patrol, but routinely carry batons. However with terrorist activities in the resent years have lead to officers on patrol to be issued with firearms. The Special Task Force with its wide rang of duties is equipped with a greater variety of firearms and a higher degree of fire power to carry out military type Counter-terrorism operations. A Glock 22 hand-held firearm with internal laser sight and mounted flashlight, surrounded by hollowpoint ammunition. ... It has been suggested that some sections of this article be split into a new article entitled Club (law enforcement). ... The Special Task Force (STF)(In Sinhala: ) is an elite special force unit of the Sri Lanka Police specializing in Counter-Terrorist and Counter-Insurgency operations. ... Counter-terrorism refers to the practices, tactics, and strategies that governments, militaries, and other groups adopt in order to fight terrorism. ...


Awards and Decorations

Main article: Awards and decorations of the Sri Lanka Police

The Sri Lanka Police has its own award and decorations that are awarded to its officers for services in the line of duty. Decorations and medals conferred specifically to officers from the Sri Lanka Police in Sri Lanka: // The Janadhipathi Police Weeratha Padakkama (Presidents Police Gallantry Medal) is a Presidential award for police officers in Sri Lanka for gallantry/brave performance of duty. ...


See also

Decorations and medals conferred specifically to officers from the Sri Lanka Police in Sri Lanka: // The Janadhipathi Police Weeratha Padakkama (Presidents Police Gallantry Medal) is a Presidential award for police officers in Sri Lanka for gallantry/brave performance of duty. ... The Special Task Force (STF)(In Sinhala: ) is an elite special force unit of the Sri Lanka Police specializing in Counter-Terrorist and Counter-Insurgency operations. ... Ministry of Defence (Sri Lanka) The President of Sri Lanka and Minister of Defence, Public Security, Law & Order Hon. ... Department of Civil Defence or the Sri Lanka Civil Defence Force is the former Home Guard Service, is an Sri Lankan paramilitary force which is tasked as an auxiliary to the Sri Lankan Police. ... The Department of Prisons is a department of the government of Sri Lanka responsible for the incarceration and rehabilitation of convicted criminal offenders and terror suspects in Sri Lanka. ...

External links

  • Official Police Website
  • Official Website of Ministry of Defence

 
 

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