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Encyclopedia > Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission

The Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission - SLMM, was established on February 22, 2002 by the Government of Sri Lanka and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). SLMM consists of members from the five Nordic countries, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, and Iceland. The SLMM mandate is to monitor the cease fire between the LTTE and the Sri Lankan government. February 22 is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ... Government The President of the Republic, directly elected for a 6-year term, is chief of state, head of government, and commander in chief of the armed forces. ... The neutrality of this article is disputed. ...


SLMM has its Headquarters in Colombo, and has six District Offices (DO)in the North and East: Mannar, Jaffna, Trincomalee, Batticaloa, Ampara and Vavuniya, as well as a Liaison Office in Kilinochchi. There are also two naval monitoring teams, one in Jaffna and one in Trincomalee. In addition, SLMM has established Points of Contact (PoC) within the district offices. The PoCs expand the possibility to establish contact with the local population and for SLMM to be more accessible. Colombo (කොළඹ in Sinhala; கொழும்பு in Tamil) is the largest city and commercial hub of Sri Lanka, located on the southwest coast adjacent to the present capital city of Kotte. ... Category: ... Nallur Kandaswamy Kovil, Jaffna Jaffna (Tamil யாழ்ப்பாணம், meaning யாழ்=harp, பாணம்=town of harper) the capital city of the Northern Province, Sri Lanka. ... Bay of Trincomalee (View from Temple) Trincomalee North East city of Sri Lanka. ... Batticaloa(මඩකලපුව In Sinhala, மட்டக்களப்பு In Tamil) is the provincial capital of the eastern province of Sri Lanka but now both northern and eastern provinces merged and Trincomalee has been declared as the provincial capital of north -East province. ... Ampara is a remote city on the East Coast of Sri Lanka, about 320km from the capital city of Colombo. ... Vavuniya, city of Sri Lanka Market In Vavuniya Being a frontline town, Vavuniya has been a strategic location in Sri Lanka’s conflict between the Government - Sri Lankan Army and LTTE forces. ... Killinochchi is a small city in the north of Sri Lanka. ...


The SLMM DO’s operates mobile units and performs extensive patrolling in SLMM Area of Responsibility (AOR). Moreover the SLMM inquires into both parties' complaints regarding the cease fire. The six SLMM DOs define AOR geographically, while the Area of Operation (AOO) includes all of Sri Lanka.


The SLMM is currently staffed with about 60 monitors, and is headed by the Swedish Brigadier Ulf Henricsson. The organisation has received critique from various sides of the conflict for not being impartial and for appeasing the parties.


Locally, SLMM is criticised for not taking any actions against Cease Fire violations by the LTTE. The SLMM's reaction on this fact (that the majority of violations is done by the LTTE) is that the parties has the responsibility for the CFA (Cease Fire Agreement). The SLMM's role is documenting CFA violations, assisting the parties in local mediation and supplying Norway and the co-chairs of the peace process with facts.


However the general opinion of the international community seems to be that the SLMM is of vital importance for keeping the fragile cease fire. As a monitoring mission, the SLMM is not involved in the Norwegian government's facilitation of the peace talks.


Criticism

The leader of SLMM, known as "Head of Mission - HoM" is appointed by the Norwegian government. The Norwegian facilitators are by some accused of being biased towards the LTTE. The Norwegians have support by the present Sri Lankan president and government, opposition party (UNP) and the co-chairs (USA, EU and Japan).


PA, the ruling party, was initially supportive of Norway's role. However, the ruling party raised many questions regarding credibility of Norway as an 'independent facilitator'. The Sri Lankan president once strongly complained to the Norwegian Prime Minister of Colombo's Norwegian Ambassador Jon Westbog. Former foreign minister Lakshman Kadirgamar was critical of the role played by the Norway, and demanded them to leave if Norway was unable to bring democracy to LTTE controlled areas. Anura Bandaranaike, a minister of the ruling party said Norway's role is highly questionable. [1]. Kadirgamar on a diplomatic visit to France, January 1996. ...


The popular view among Sri Lankans is that 'Norwegians direct SLMM'. Norwegian Government (through the Norwegian Embassy in Colombo) sent a consignment of radio equipment to the LTTE in 2002, and majority of anti-LTTE Sri Lankans saw this as Norway siding with the LTTE. The shipment was however cleared with the government of Sri Lanka. Norwegian Ambassador John Westborg was accused to have committed breaches of the 'customs ordinance' of Sri Lanka and the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations by seeking clearance for goods for the embassy, which were actually meant for a third party (LTTE). [2] The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations is an international treaty on diplomatic intercourse and the privileges and immunities of a diplomatic mission. ...


The AsianTribune reports "India has warned Sri Lanka of the facilities LTTE possess to track down telephone conversation and locations, even telephone conversations by officials in the President Secretariat of Sri Lanka through a remote sensing radio transmitting devise which has been provided by Norway" [3]


A Chinese ship was attacked off northern Sri Lankan sea, on March 20, 2003 and it is widely believed this was carried out by the LTTE. At least twice, LTTE has previously attacked Chinese ships off Sri Lankan seas. [4] [5] March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in Leap years). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


General Trond Furuhovde, a Norwegian and then Head of SLMM, indirectly suggested to the LTTE to put the blame on a “third party with stolen uniforms”. [6] No such “third parties” have previously carried out such attacks in Sri Lankan seas. SLMM later issued a statement blaming a “third party” without naming who that third party was.


On another occasion, the Sri Lankan navy was pursuing a suspected LTTE arms vessel, and a SLMM officer on board the Navy boat informed the SLMM HQ about the raid via a satellite phone. The SLMM HQ checked with the LTTE which allowed the LTTE arms vessle to escape. The Opposition party lodged the strongest protest and demanded government to declare the SLMM monitor in question as "Persona non grata" [7]. Persona non grata (Latin, plural: personae non gratae), literally meaning an unwelcome person, is a term used in diplomacy with a specialized and legally defined meaning. ...


University Teachers for Human Rights (Jaffna), Sri Lanka, accuses Norway's 'appeasing the LTTE' strategy as being responsible for the assassination of Foreign Minister Lakshman Kadirgamar [8] The Norwegian deputy foreign ministers comment on the calls for more pressure on the LTTE was that the cease fire agreement and the peace process is the parties responsibility. Though both sides want Norwegian and SLMM support in handling the other, the Norwegian view is that they need to work it out themselves. Kadirgamar on a diplomatic visit to France, January 1996. ...


SLMM has ruled that LTTE has violated the CFA 3006 times, as opposed to 133 times by the Government, as of 30 June 2005. [9]. Despite extremely high number of CFA violations committed by the LTTE, the SLMM routinely issue statements urging "both parties" (meaning the LTTE and the Government) to observe the CFA. June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 184 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


These incidents are viewed by some in Sri Lanka as Norwegians conniving with the LTTE. Others however see the accusations as motivated by political reasons.


However, a survery conducted in 2003 found only 27% of Sri Lankans feel the SLMM monitors are impartial, putting serious doubts on the SLMM's role. [10]


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
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The Government of Sri Lanka and the LTTE are deeply concerned about the latest incidents at sea, including on 10 March.
The parties agreed to hold the seventh session of talks from 29 April to 2 May in Thailand, the eighth session from 12 to 15 June in Japan and the ninth session from 15 to 18 July in Europe (venue to be determined).
Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1027 words)
The Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission - SLMM, was established on February 22, 2002 by the Government of Sri Lanka and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE).
The SLMM mandate is to monitor the cease fire between the LTTE and the Sri Lankan government.
University Teachers for Human Rights (Jaffna), Sri Lanka, accuses Norway's 'appeasing the LTTE' strategy as being responsible for the assassination of Foreign Minister Lakshman Kadirgamar [8] The Norwegian deputy foreign ministers comment on the calls for more pressure on the LTTE was that the cease fire agreement and the peace process is the parties responsibility.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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