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Encyclopedia > Sri Lanka Army
Sri Lanka Army

The Third Contingent of Sri Lanka Army peacekeepers in Haiti



Sri Lanka Army Insignia and Flag Image File history File linksMetadata Army_Salute. ... Peacekeeping is a way to help countries torn by conflict create conditions for sustainable peace. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (877x526, 50 KB) Army, Sri Lanka. ... Flag ratio: 1:2 The armys first crest (1949 - 1966) Second crest (1967 - 1972) The Armorial Ensigns of the Republic of Sri Lanka, comprising the Punkalasa or the Filled Vessel, with the Heraldic Lion of Sri Lanka within the Palapeti Vataya or the Lotus Petal Border, surmounted by the...

Active October 9, 1949 - Present
Country Sri Lanka
Role Foreign and Domestic Defense
Size 120,000[1]
Part of Ministry of Defence
Motto Defenders of the Nation
Anniversaries October 9
Battles/wars World War II
1971 Insurrection
Insurrection 1987-89
Sri Lankan Civil War
Commanders
Commander of the Sri Lanka Army Lt. Gen. Sarath Fonseka
Notable
commanders
Lt. Gen. Denzil Kobbekaduwa

Maj. Gen. Vijaya Wimalaratne October 9 is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... Ministry of Defence (Sri Lanka) The President of Sri Lanka and Minister of Defence, Public Security, Law & Order Hon. ... October 9 is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The 1971 uprising led by the Sinhalese Sri Lankan Peoples Liberation Front, or Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna, was an unsuccessful Marxist youth rebellion that claimed 15,000 youth lives. ... The Peoples Liberation Front (Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna) is a marxist Sinhalese political party in Sri Lanka was involved in 1987-89 insurrection in Sri Lanka which were lost around 50,000 lives. ... Combatants Military of Sri Lanka Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Commanders Junius Richard Jayawardene (1983-89) Ranasinghe Premadasa (1989-93) Dingiri Banda Wijetunge (1993-94) Chandrika Kumaratunga (1994-2005) Mahinda Rajapaksa (2005-present) Velupillai Prabhakaran Strength 111,000[1] 11,000[2] The Sri Lankan civil war is an ongoing... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Category: ... Lieutenant General Denzil Lakshman Kobbekaduwa (July 27, 1940 - 1992) was a Sri Lankan soldier. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Major General Vijaya Wimalaratne‎ Major General Vijaya Wimalaratne(මේජර් ජෙනරාල් විජය විමලරත්න) was a Sri Lankan soldier. ...

The Sri Lanka Army is the oldest and largest of Sri Lanka's three armed services. Established as the Royal Ceylon Army in 1949, it was renamed when Sri Lanka became a republic in 1972. The Army of approximately 120,000 regular personal and including 15,000 National Guardsmen[1] is organized into 22 regiments and is responsible for overseeing land-based military and humanitarian operations. The Military of Sri Lanka consists of Three Branches which are the Army, Navy, Air Force. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      For other uses, see Republic (disambiguation). ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... A regiment is a military unit, consisting of a variable number of battalions - - commanded by a colonel. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Humanitarianism is the view that all people should be treated with the respect and dignity they deserve as human beings, and that advancing the well-being of humanity is a noble goal. ...


The Sri Lanka Army is organized under a Joint Operations Command, which was established in 1985, and comprises nine divisions, one air-mobile brigade, one commando brigade, one special forces brigade, one independent armored brigade, three mechanized infantry brigades and 34 infantry brigades.[2] 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Symbol of the Polish 1st Legions Infantry Division in NATO code A division is a large military unit or formation usually consisting of around ten to twenty thousand soldiers. ... In military science a brigade is a military unit that is part of a division and includes regiments (where that level exists), or (in modern armies) is composed of several battalions (typically two to four) and directly attached supporting units. ... For other uses, see Commando (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Mechanized infantry are infantry equipped with armored personnel carriers (APCs), or infantry fighting vehicles (IFVs) for transport and combat (see also mechanized force). ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, or other means. ...


As a part of the Military of Sri Lanka, the Commander-in-Chief of the Sri Lanka Army is the President of the country. Commander-in-Chief (in NATO-lingo often C-in-C or CINC pronounced sink) is the commander of all the military forces within a particular region or of all the military forces of a state. ... The President of Sri Lanka is the head of state and dominant political figure in Sri Lanka. ...

Contents

History

Ancient and pre-colonial times

The first military engagement in Sri Lanka's history were marked with the advent of Vijaya, a prince of North India who landed with his followers on the beaches of northwestern Sri Lanka around 543 BC. Repeated incursions by South Indians, particularly the Cholas, into Sri Lankan territory occurred throughout the next few centuries and led to the engagement of the rival forces in battle.[3] In one famous encounter, Sinhalese King Dutugemunu (200 BC) is reported to have raised an army of eleven thousand inhabitants in his battle against, and eventual defeat of King Elara, a Chola invader. King Dutugemunu's organizational skills, bravery and chivalry are famous and his battles apparently gone down in history as outstanding offensive operations.[4] Centuries: 7th century BC - 6th century BC - 5th century BC Decades: 590s BC - 580s BC - 570s BC - 560s BC - 550s BC - 540s BC - 530s BC - 520s BC - 510s BC - 500s BC - 490s BC Events and Trends 548 BC -- Croesus, Lydian king, defeated by Cyrus. ... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC - 200s BC - 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC Years: 205 BC 204 BC 203 BC 202 BC 201 BC - 200 BC - 199 BC 198 BC...


Sri Lankan rulers whose military achievements stand out include as King Gajabahu (113 AD) who sailed to India to bring back his captured soldiers and King Dhatusena (433 AD) who is credited with repulsing numerous Indian invasions and for organizing a naval build-up to deter seaborne attacks. He also had the foresight to cover his defenses with artillery. Vijayabahu I (1001 AD) was another warrior king who dislodged Indian invaders and united the country. Parakramabahu the Great (1153 AD), as his title implies, was outstanding in the Polonnaruwa period of Sri Lankan history and his accomplishments as a military leader and a great administrator are noteworthy. His reign included a military expedition to Burma (Myanmar) in retaliation to indignities inflicted on his envoys and Burmese interference in the elephant trade. This marked the first overseas expedition in Sri Lankan military history. It is also reported that Parakramabahu's fame was such that his assistance was sought by South Indian rulers who were involved in internecine struggles. Another strong ruler in the pre-colonial era was Parakramabahu VI, who defeated Indain invaders, united the island and ruled it from capital Sri Jayawardhanapura, Kotte.[4] Trajan starts an expedition against Parthia and annexes Armenia. ... Events Petronius Maximus becomes Roman Consul John of Antioch and Cyril of Alexandria sign the Formula of Reunion, thus ending their conflict over the Nestorian controversy and the Council of Ephesus. ... Artillery with Gabion fortification Cannons on display at Fort Point Continental Artillery crew from the American Revolution Firing of an 18-pound gun, Louis-Philippe Crepin, (1772 – 1851) A forge-welded Iron Cannon in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu. ... Events Grand Prince Stephen I of Hungary is named the first King of Hungary by Pope Silvester II. Canonisation of Edward the Martyr, king of England. ... ... Events January 6 - Henry of Anjou arrives in England. ... The second most ancient of Sri Lankas kingdoms, Polonnaruwa was first declared the capital city by King Vijayabahu I, who defeated the Chola invaders in 1070 CE to reunite the country once more under a local leader. ... District Kotte Division, Colombo District Mayor Swarnalatha Silva (Sri Lanka Freedom Party) Area    - City 17 km² Population (2001)  - City 115,826 ( 2001 census )  - Density 3,305/km²  - Metro 2,234,289 Time zone Sri Lanka Standard Time Zone (UTC+5:30) Sri Jayawardenapura-Kotte, (ශ්‍රී ජයවර්ධනපුර කෝට්ටේ in Sinhala, ஸ்ரீ ஜயவர்த்தனபுரம் கோட்டே in Tamil), also known...


Although the known epigraphical records do not indicate that the Sri Lankan rulers had a full-time standing army at their disposal, there is evidence supported by legend, designation, name, place and tradition that prove there were 'stand by' equestrian, elephant and infantry soldiers to ensure the royal authority at all times. Militias were raised as the necessity arose, and the soldiers returned to their pursuits mainly for farming after their spell of military duty.[4] In literature, an epigraph is a quotation that is placed at the start of a work or section that expresses in some succinct way an aspect or theme of what is to follow. ... A standing army is an army composed of full time professional soldiers. ... Look up equestrian in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Genera and Species Loxodonta Loxodonta cyclotis Loxodonta africana Elephas Elephas maximus Elephas antiquus † Elephas beyeri † Elephas celebensis † Elephas cypriotes † Elephas ekorensis † Elephas falconeri † Elephas iolensis † Elephas planifrons † Elephas platycephalus † Elephas recki † Stegodon † Mammuthus † Elephantidae (the elephants) is a family of pachyderm, and the only remaining family in the order Proboscidea... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, or other means. ... A militia is a group of citizens organized to provide paramilitary service. ...


Colonial era

Parts of Sri Lanka came under the control of 3 colonial European powers, namely the Portuguese in the 16th Century, the Dutch in the 17th Century and the British in the 18th Century. Yet, until the entire island was ceded to the British in 1815, regional kingdoms maintained most of their independent defense forces and were able to successfully repulse repeated thrusts by the European Armies. The British however, unlike their counterparts, were not primarily restricted to maritime power, and that gave them the capability to bring the entire island under their control and integrate locals into the British defense forces.[4] This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ...


Portuguese and Dutch rule (1505-1796 AD)

It was in the beginning of the sixteenth century that modern Europe first came in contact with Sri Lanka, which was then referred to as Ceylon. In 1505 a Portuguese fleet, while operating in the Indian seas against Arab traders was blown off course and accidentally landed at Galle, on the southern coast.[5] In 1517 the Portuguese re-appeared, and with the consent of the Sinhalese King established a trading post in Colombo. Having initiated contact with Sri Lanka as traders, the Portuguese soon made themselves political masters of the entire sea-board. Numerous forts were soon established, and European civilization was introduced.[4] 1505 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Galle (ගාල්ල in Sinhala; காலி in Tamil) (pronounced as one syllable, rhyming with Gaul in English, in Sinhalese, IPA /gaːlːə/) is a town situated on the southwestern tip of Sri Lanka, 119 km from Colombo. ... Year 1517 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Map of Colombo with its administrative districts Coordinates: District Colombo Division, Colombo District Mayor Uvaiz Mohammad Imitiyaz (Sri Lanka Freedom Party) Area    - City 37. ... The Culture of Europe might better be described as a series of overlapping cultures of Europe. ...


The Portuguese are credited with the introduction of European-style fortresses to Sri Lanka during this era. Although some locals already possessed military training and fighting experience, there is no evidence that the Portuguese employed locals inhabitants into their forces. The Portuguese were forced to restrict their presence in the island due to small numbers and their efforts being focused towards maritime power.[4] Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ...


In 1602 Dutch explorers first landed in Sri Lanka which was then under Portuguese control. By 1658 they had completely ousted the Portuguese from the island. The Dutch much like the Portuguese did not employ locals in their militaries, and preferred to live in isolation pursuing their interests in trade and commerce and defending their forts with their own forces, which included Swiss and Malay mercenaries. The Dutch Forts in Jaffna, Galle, Matara, Batticaloa and Trincomalee were sturdily built and are a tribute to their military engineering skills at the time. Much like the Portuguese, the Dutch focused on maritime power and although they had the capability to develop and use local forces, they chose to isolate themselves from the local population.[4] This page is about the year. ... Events January 13 - Edward Sexby, who had plotted against Oliver Cromwell, dies in Tower of London February 6 - Swedish troops of Charles X Gustav of Sweden cross The Great Belt (Storebælt) in Denmark over frozen sea May 1 - Publication of Hydriotaphia, Urn Burial and The Garden of Cyrus by... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... The concept of a Malay race was proposed by the German scientist Johann Friedrich Blumenbach (1752-1840). ... Mercenary (disambiguation). ... Jaffna District. ... Galle (ගාල්ල in Sinhala; காலி in Tamil) (pronounced as one syllable, rhyming with Gaul in English, in Sinhalese, IPA /gaːlːə/) is a town situated on the southwestern tip of Sri Lanka, 119 km from Colombo. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Batticaloa District. ... Trincomalee District Map Trincomalee (Tamil: (Thirukonamalai, hist: Sirigonakanda); Sinhala: (Thirikunamalaya)) is a port city on the northeast coast of Sri Lanka, about 110 miles northeast of Kandy. ...


British rule (1798-1948 AD)

Farewell Guard of Honour to Brig. The Earl of Caithness of provided by 1st CLI. Parede commander Maj. B. R. Heyn (Later commander of the army).
Farewell Guard of Honour to Brig. The Earl of Caithness of provided by 1st CLI. Parede commander Maj. B. R. Heyn (Later commander of the army).

The British then ousted the Dutch from the coastal areas of the country, and sought to acquire the independent Kandyan Kingdom. In the face of repeated British assaults, the Kandyans were forced into a degree of guerrilla warfare and they faired well against their superior British adversaries.[4] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 582 pixel Image in higher resolution (876 × 637 pixel, file size: 116 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Farewell Guard of Honour to Brig. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 582 pixel Image in higher resolution (876 × 637 pixel, file size: 116 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Farewell Guard of Honour to Brig. ... The title Earl of Caithness has been created several times in the Peerage of Scotland, and has a very complex history. ... Major General Bertram Russell Heyn (Bertram Russell Heyn) (October 1, 1912—February 3, 1998) was a Sri Lankan soldier and cricketer. ...


Initially the British stationed their troops, which included naval vessels, artillery troops and infantry, to defend of the island nation from other foreign powers. They used the natural harbor of Trincomalee as their headquarters in Sri Lanka. In 1796, the Swiss and Malay mercenaries who were previously in the Dutch service were transferred to the British East India Company. While the Swiss De Meuron's Regiment was eventually disbanded in Canada in 1822, the Malays, who initially formed a Malay Corps, were converted into the 1st Ceylon Regiment in 1802 and placed under a British Commanding Officer. In the same year, the British became the first foreign power to raise a Sinhalese unit, which was named the 2nd Ceylon Regiment, also known as the Sepoy Corps.[4] Trincomalee District Map Trincomalee (Tamil: (Thirukonamalai, hist: Sirigonakanda); Sinhala: (Thirikunamalaya)) is a port city on the northeast coast of Sri Lanka, about 110 miles northeast of Kandy. ... Year 1796 (MDCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was one of the first joint-stock companies. ... Raised in Switzerland in 1781, the Regiment de Meuron originally served the Dutch East India Company in Ceylon and Capetown. ... 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... --69. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... A sepoy (from Persian سپاهی Sepâhi meaning soldier) was a native of India employed as a soldier in the service of a European power, usually of the United Kingdom. ...


In 1803 a 3rd Ceylon Regiment was created with Mollucans and recruits from Penang. All these regiments fought alongside British troops in the Kandyan wars which began in 1803. Throughout the following years more Sinhalese and Malays were recruited to these regiments, and in 1814 a 4th regiment was raised comprising entirely of African troops. It was later renamed as the Ceylon Rifle Regiment. Eventually, the Kandyan Kingdom was ceded to the British in 1815, and with that they gained control over the whole island. Resistance to British occupation cropped up almost instantly. During the first half-century of occupation, the British faced a number of uprisings, and were forced to maintain a sizable army in order to guarantee their control over the island. After the Matale Rebellion led by Puran Appu in 1848, in which a number of Sinhalese recruits defected to the side of the rebels, the recruitment of Sinhalese to the British forces was temporarily halted.[4] 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... State motto: Bersatu dan Setia (United and Loyal) State anthem: Untuk Negeri Kita (For Our State) Capital George Town Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Yang Di-Pertua Negeri Abdul Rahman bin Haji Abbas  - Ketua Menteri Dr Koh Tsu Koon History    - Ceded by Kedah to British 11 August 1786   - Japanese occupation 1942... modern Central Province, roughly equivalent to the area of the Kingdom of Kandy The term Kandian Wars (or the Kandyan Wars) refers generally to the period of warfare between British colonial foreces in Ceylon, modern Sri Lanka, between 1796 and 1818. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Year 1814 (MDCCCXIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... World map showing location of Africa A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second_largest continent in both area and population, after Asia. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... A resistance movement is a group dedicated to fighting an invader in an occupied country. ... The Matale Rebellion of 1848 against the British in Sri Lanka marked a transition from the classic feudal form of anti-colonial revolt to modern independence struggles. ... Hennadige Francisco Fernando alias Puran Appu is one of the most colourful personalities in Sri Lankas history. ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Ceylon Light Infantry Volunteers

The second phase in the employment of non-British personnel commenced in 1861 after the enactment of an ordinance designed to authorise the creation of Volunteer Corps in the Colony. It was designated the Ceylon Light Infantry Volunteers (CLIV). This move compensated for the disbandment of the Ceylon Rifle Regiment in 1874. The Ceylon Light Infantry Volunteers was originally administered as a single unit. However over the years various sections of the volunteers grew large enough to become independent from their parent unit. The different units that emerged from the Volunteer Force were namely the, 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar) // January 1 - Benito Juárez captures Mexico City January 2 - Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia dies and is succeeded by... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

  • Ceylon Artillery Volunteers
  • Ceylon Mounted Infantry (CMI)
  • Ceylon Volunteer Medical Corps
  • Cadet Battalion Ceylon Light Infantry
  • Ceylon Engineers
  • Ceylon Supply & Transport Corps
  • Ceylon Planters Rifle Corps (CPRC).[4]

Ceylon Defence Force
First Prime Minister of Independent Sri Lanka Hon. D.S.Senanayaka, visits the 1st Bn CLI at the Echelon Square and watches a volunteers being trained to handle Light Machine Gun.
First Prime Minister of Independent Sri Lanka Hon. D.S.Senanayaka, visits the 1st Bn CLI at the Echelon Square and watches a volunteers being trained to handle Light Machine Gun.

In 1910 the name was formerly changed to the Ceylon Defence Force (CDF). It continued to grow as throughout the early period of 20th century. The CDF saw active service when a contingent of CMI in 1900, and a contingent of CPRC in 1902, took part in the Second Boer War in South Africa. Their valuable services were recognised by presentation, in 1902 of a colour to the CMI, and a presentation in 1904, of a Banner to the CPRC. In 1922, the CDF was honoured by the presentation of the King's and Regimental colours to the Ceylon Light Infantry(CLI).[4] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... D.S. Senanayake Don Stephen Senanayake (October 20, 1884–22 March 1952) was an independence activist who formed the Sri Lankan United National Party. ... The M249 Squad Automatic Weapon, one of the most popular modern 5. ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Year 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants United Kingdom Australia New Zealand Canada Cape Colony Orange Free State South African Republic Commanders Redvers Buller Frederick Roberts Herbert Kitchener Paul Kruger Martinus Steyn Louis Botha Christiaan de Wet Casualties 22,000 6,500 Civilians killed [mainly Boers]: 24,000+ The Second Boer War, commonly referred to as... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ...


During the First World War, many volunteers from the Defence Force found their way to England and joined the British Army, and many of them died. One of them, mentioned by Arthur Conan Doyle was Pte Jacotine of the CLI, who was the last man left alive in his unit at the Battle of Lys, and who continued to fight for 20 minutes before he was killed.[6] Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle, DL (22 May 1859 – 7 July 1930) was a Scottish author most noted for his stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes, which are generally considered a major innovation in the field of crime fiction, and the adventures of Professor Challenger. ... A Private is a soldier of the lowest military rank (equivalent to Nato Rank Grades OR-1 to OR-3 depending on the force served in). ... The Battle of the Lys was part of the 1918 German Operation Georgette offensive in Flanders during the First World War. ...


In 1939, the CDF was mobilised and an enormous expansion took place which required raising of new units such as the Post and Telegraph Signals, the Ceylon Railway Engineer Corps, the Ceylon Electrical and Mechanical Engineer Corps, the Auxiliary Territorial Service, the Ceylon Corps of Military Police, and the Ceylon Signals Corps and the Colombo Town Guard Unit, which had been disbanded earlier, was once again formed to meet military requirements. During the Second World War Britain assumed direct control over the Armed Forces of Ceylon.[7] 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full year calendar). ...


Post-independence

Major General A.M. Muttukumaru O.B.E, E.D 09th Feb 1955 - 31st Dec. 1959 - First Ceylonese Commander
Major General A.M. Muttukumaru O.B.E, E.D 09th Feb 1955 - 31st Dec. 1959 - First Ceylonese Commander

When World War II ended, the task of returning the enormously swollen wartime CDF to its normal proportions got under way. By 1948 independence was declared and in 1949, the Army Act was passed by Parliament raising the Ceylon Army,[8] composed of Regular and Volunteer Forces. The initial requirement was to raise an artillery regiment, an engineer squadron, an infantry battalion, a medical unit, and a service corps company. The Army Act was enacted in parliament on the October 10 1949 which is recognized as the day, the Ceylon Army was raised. The Army was to be comprised of a Regular and a Volunteer force and the initial requirement was to raise the following units in the Regular and Volunteer Forces. Image File history File links Maj_Gen_Mutukumaru. ... Image File history File links Maj_Gen_Mutukumaru. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... The Parliament of Sri Lanka is a Unicameral 225-member legislature elected by universal suffrage and proportional representation for a six-year term. ... October 10 is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years). ...


There were no formations and all units were directly functioning under Army Headquarters. Temporary field headquarters were formed at the time of a requirement as it was done during the 1958 communal riots. The first field formation was raised in 1963, to prevent illicit immigration from South India. This headquarters was known as Task Force Anti Illicit Immigration (TAFII), which was disbanded in 1981. In May 1972, when Ceylon became the Republic of Sri Lanka, all Army units were renamed accordingly. Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...


1980–Present

When the insurgency caused by the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP) drew to a close, the army was confronted with a new conflict, this time with the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). The war escalated to the point where India was asked to intervene as a peacekeeping force. This was later seen as a tactical error, as the IPKF united nationalist elements such as the JVP to politically support the LTTE in their call to evict the IPKF. The war with the LTTE was only halted due a ceasefire agreement signed in 2002 and brokered by the Norwegians. However, renewed violence has threatened to return the country to war following escalating attacks since December 2005 and the breakdown of the Geneva peace talks. An insurgency, or insurrection, is an armed uprising, or revolt against an established civil or political authority. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Tamil Tigers emblem The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), also known as the Tamil Tigers, is a military and political organization that has waged a violent secessionist campaign against the Sri Lankan Government since the 1970s in order to secure independence for the Tamil portions of Sri Lanka. ... Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF), was the Indian military unit peforming a peacekeeping operation that was formed to oversee the peace accord signed between India and Sri Lanka in 1987. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Hunters a cool hobo For other uses, see Geneva (disambiguation). ...


Since 1980 the army has undertaken many operations against the LTTE rebels. The major operations conducted by the army eventually led to the capture of Jaffna and other rebel strongholds. 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Jaffna District. ...

  • Operation Rivibala
  • Operation Ranagosa
  • Operation Rivikirana
  • Operation Kinihira
  • Operation Kinihira II
  • Operation Kinihira III/IV
  • Operation Kinihira V/VI
  • Operation Kinihira VII
  • Operation Kinihira VIII
  • Operation Kinihira IX

Combatants Military of Sri Lanka Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Commanders Velupillai Prabhakaran J.R. Jayawardene Eelam War I is the name given to the initial phase of the armed conflict between the government of Sri Lankan and the speratist LTTE rebel organization. ... Eelam War II is the name given to the second phase of armed conflict between Sri Lankan military and the separatist Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam. ... Eelam War III is the name given to the third phase of armed conflict between Sri Lankan military and the separatist Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam. ...

Organization

Command Structure for Joint Operations Command, Establised in 1985
Command Structure for Joint Operations Command, Establised in 1985

The staff in the Army is assigned to support the field troops. Army Headquarters is divided into many branches, namely the General Staff (GS) branch responsible for coordination of operations and training and Adjutant General's (AGs) branch responsible for personal administration, welfare, medical services and rehabilitation. The Quarter Master General's (QMGs) branch is responsible for feeding, transport, movement and construction and maintenance. Master General of Ordnance (MGOs) branch is responsible for procurement and maintenance of vehicles and special equipment.[9] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 486 pixel Image in higher resolution (2412 × 1465 pixel, file size: 288 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sri Lanka Army Command Structure for Joint Operations Command, Establised in 1985. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 486 pixel Image in higher resolution (2412 × 1465 pixel, file size: 288 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sri Lanka Army Command Structure for Joint Operations Command, Establised in 1985. ... Headquarters (HQ) denotes the location where most, if not all, of the important functions of an organization are concentrated. ... A General Staff is a group of professional military officers who act in a staff or administrative role under the command of a general officer. ... An adjutant general is the chief administrative officer to a military general. ... A Quartermaster general is the staff officer in charge of supplies for a whole army. ... The Master-General of the Ordnance (MGO) was an important British military position before 1855, when its duties were largely abolished. ...


Each branch is headed by an officer in the rank of Major General who is directly responsible to the Commander of the Army for the smooth functioning of the Branch. The Military Secretary's Branch headed by a senior Brigadier, is responsible for handling all matters pertaining to officers such as promotions, postings and discipline. Under each Branch, there are several Directorates, each headed by a Brigadier.[9] Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Brigadier(BRIG-uh-DEER) is a military rank, the meaning of which has a considerable variation. ... A promotion is the advancement of rank or position in an organizational hierarchy system. ... Discipline is any training intended to produce a specific character or pattern of behaviour, especially training that produces moral, physical, or mental development in a particular direction. ...


The Headquarters of field formations each has its own staff. For instance a divisional headquarters is divided into a GS branch as an AQ branch, each headed by a Colonel and is responsible for operations & training and administration & logistics respectively. Similarly, a Brigade Major and Major AQ is responsible for operations and administration in a brigade.[9] Colonel (IPA: or ) is a military rank of a commissioned officer, with the corresponding ranks existing in nearly every country in the world. ... In military science a brigade is a military unit that is part of a division and includes regiments (where that level exists), or (in modern armies) is composed of several battalions (typically two to four) and directly attached supporting units. ... Major is a military rank the use of which varies according to country. ... Planning, calculating, or the giving or receiving of information. ...


Subsequently, various formations were raised from time to time to suit various security requirements in the country. The Army is now organised into divisions and brigades. Each division is responsible for a particular area and it is commanded by a General Officer Commanding in the rank of Major General. Except for the division based in Panagoda, all other divisions are responsible for the security in the Northern and Eastern provinces. The area assigned to a particular division is further divided into areas where the responsibility of those areas are assigned to brigades. Each brigade is commanded by an officer in the rank of Brigadier and has a number of Infantry battalions, support arms (Artillery, Engineers and Signals), and Services (Service Corps, Engineering Services, Ordnance Corps, Electrical and Mechanical Engineers), under its command. In peace areas instead of brigade there are Area and Sub-Area Headquarters. Armour, Artillery, Engineers and Signals Units are grouped under Brigade Headquarters of their own arm; Armoured Brigade, Artillery Brigade and so on. General Officer Commanding (GOC) is the usual title given in the armies of Commonwealth (and some other) nations to a general officer who holds a command appointment. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Northern Province is a province of Sri Lanka. ... Eastern Province is a province of Sri Lanka. ... In military science a brigade is a military unit that is part of a division and includes regiments (where that level exists), or (in modern armies) is composed of several battalions (typically two to four) and directly attached supporting units. ... Brigadier(BRIG-uh-DEER) is a military rank, the meaning of which has a considerable variation. ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, or other means. ... In military terminology, a battalion consists of two to six companies typically commanded by a lieutenant colonel. ... Artillery with Gabion fortification Cannons on display at Fort Point Continental Artillery crew from the American Revolution Firing of an 18-pound gun, Louis-Philippe Crepin, (1772 – 1851) A forge-welded Iron Cannon in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu. ... Polish military engineers at work in Pakistan A military engineer is primarily responsible for the design and construction of offensive, defensive and logistical structures for warfare. ... Military communications, or Signals, is a field of military activities, tactics and equipment dealing with communications. ... An armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) is a military vehicle, equipped with protection against hostile attacks and often mounted weapons. ... Artillery with Gabion fortification Cannons on display at Fort Point Continental Artillery crew from the American Revolution Firing of an 18-pound gun, Louis-Philippe Crepin, (1772 – 1851) A forge-welded Iron Cannon in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu. ... Combat engineers place satchel charges and detonating cord, preparatory to blowing up a railway bridge during the Korean War, 30 Jul 1950. ... Military communications are links between battlefield units, including connections to a higher command or home country. ...


Like the Indian Army, the Sri Lankan Army has largely retained the British-style regimental system that it inherited upon independence. The individual regiments (such as the Sri Lanka Light Infantry and the Sinha Regiment) operated independently and recruited their own members. Officers tended to remain in a single battalion throughout their careers. The infantry battalion, the basic unit of organization in field operations, included five companies of four platoons each. Incomplete reports suggest that a typical platoon had three squads (sections) of ten personnel each. In addition to the basic infantry forces, a commando regiment was established in 1986. Support for the infantry was provided by two reconnaissance regiments (one regular, one reserve), two field artillery regiments (one regular, one reserve), one antiaircraft regiment, one field engineering regiment, one engineering plant regiment, one signals battalion, a medical corps, and a variety of logistics units.[10] The Indian Army is the largest branch of the Armed Forces of India and has the primary responsibility of conducting land-based military operations. ... A regiment is a military unit, consisting of a variable number of battalions - - commanded by a colonel. ... Symbol of the Austrian 14th Armoured Battalion in NATO military graphic symbols A battalion is a military unit usually consisting of between two and six companies and typically commanded by a Lieutenant Colonel. ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, or other means. ... For other uses, see Commando (disambiguation). ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mixed reconnaissance patrol of the Polish Home Army and the Soviet Red Army during Operation Tempest, 1944 Reconnaissance is the military term for the active gathering of information about an enemy, or other conditions, by physical observation. ... Artillery with Gabion fortification Cannons on display at Fort Point Continental Artillery crew from the American Revolution Firing of an 18-pound gun, Louis-Philippe Crepin, (1772 – 1851) A forge-welded Iron Cannon in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu. ... American troops man an anti-aircraft gun near the Algerian coastline in 1943 Anti-aircraft, or air defense, is any method of combating military aircraft from the ground. ... Combat engineers place satchel charges and detonating cord, preparatory to blowing up a railway bridge during the Korean War, 30 Jul 1950. ... Military communications, or Signals, is a field of military activities, tactics and equipment dealing with communications. ... An illustration showing a variety of wounds from the Feldbuch der Wundarznei (Field manual for the treatment of wounds) by Hans von Gersdorff, (1517). ...


In late 1987, the army had a total estimated strength of up to 40,000 troops, about evenly divided between regular army personnel and reservists on active duty. The approximately 20,000 regular army troops represented a significant increase over the 1983 strength of only 12,000. Aggressive recruitment campaigns following the 1983 riots raised this number to 16,000 by early 1985.[10] 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Regiments and training centers

Regiments[8] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Crystal_128_clock. ...

  • Sri Lanka Armoured Corps (SLAC) - formed in 1955
The first ever-armoured unit of the Ceylon Army. Currently comprises 6 divisions, and armed with T 55 Main Battle tanks, T 85 Light Tanks, T 86 Armoured Cars, BMP Is. Iis, T 63- II APC and BTR 80/80A. APCs. Headquartered at Rock House Army Camp, Colombo.
  • Sri Lanka Artillery (SLA) - formed in 1888
The first Sri Lankan artillery regiment. Currently consists of 7 regular and 2 volunteer units equiped with 85 mm and 25 pounder field guns, 122 mm howitzers, 76 mm mountain guns, 130 mm and 152 mm medium guns and 120mm mortars. Also participated in the defense of colonial Ceylon during the two World Wars. Headquartered at Panagoda Military Base, Panagoda.
  • Sri Lanka Engineers (SLE) - formed in 1911
Formed as part of the Ceylon Defence Force with the purpose of manning coastal search lights and signal works. Currently consists of 5 regular units and 1 volunteer unit and performs classical combat engineering duties, constructs roads and bridges and maintains lines of communications. Headquartered at Sri Lanka Army Headquarters, Colombo.
  • Sri Lanka Signals Corps (SLSC) - formed in 1943
Formed after the signals element of the Engineers was separated from the main regiment, it was tasked with providing communications between Army HQ and its branches. Currently comprises 5 regular units and 1 volunteer unit and provides much needed communications to combat troops. Headquartered at Panagoda Military Base, Panagoda.
  • Sri Lanka Light Infantry (SLLI) -
Following the signing of a ceasefire agreement in 2002, the Sri Lankan military was invited by the United Nations to be part of a peacekeeping force in Haiti. The Sri Lanka Light Infantry Regiment was selected for the mission, and it left for Haiti after initial training in 2004 and returned in 2005. Headquartered at Panagoda Military Base, Panagoda.
  • Sri Lanka Sinha Regiment (SLSR) - formed in 1956
The only rifle regiment of the Sri Lanka Army, it was founded on the same lines at the Rifle Regiments in Great Britain. Currently consisting of 10 regular units and 5 volunteer units, it does not carry regimental colors in action in order to be inconspicuous, and the buttons, badges of rank and lanyard of the regiment dress are all in black. Headquartered at Ambepussa Army Camp.
  • Gemunu Watch (GW) - formed in 1962
Formed following the withdrawal of all British troops from Sri Lanka, it draws its inspiration as well as its insignia from the era of celebrated King Dutugemunu. Currently it consists of 9 regular units and 4 volunteer units, and all these battalions are actively participating in the on going conflict. Headquartered at Kuruwita Army Camp.
  • Gajaba Regiment (GR) - formed in 1983
The 1st battalion of the Regiment was formed by Lt.Col. Vijaya Wimalaratne on 14 October 1983 when 1st Battalion the Rajarata Rifles and 1st Battalion the Vijayabahu Infantry Regiment were amalgamated. Currently the Gajaba Regiment has 10 Regular units and 5 Volunteer units. Headquartered at Saliyapura Military Base, Anuradapura.
  • Vijayabahu Infantry Regiment (VIR) - formed in 1988
The 1 st battalion Vijayabahu Infantry Regiment was resurrected on the 15 November 1988 at Malay Street and Lt.Col. J.Nammuni (SLSR) was appointed first Commanding Officer. The Regimental Centre was ceremonially opened at Sinhawilluwatta in Puttalam on 22 nd March 1990 and was later moved to Boyagane Camp in Kurunegala. Currently the Vijayabahu Infantry Regiment has 8 Regular units and 4 Volunteer units.
Commando squadron was formed in Gemunu Watch ‘B’ Camp at Diyatalawa and Maj S.D Peiris (GW) was appointed Officer Commanding. Shortly after that, the Squadron received specialized training in anti-terrorist and anti – hijack techniques conducted by the members of the elite Special Air Services Regiment of Britain. The Commandos were later trained in parachuting at Agra, India and they performed their maiden display during Army Day celebrations on 10th October 1980. 04 December 1980, the Squadron moved to its new premises in Ganemulla. In 1981 the Commandos were employed in counter terrorist operations in Jaffna for the first time. It also performs special duties in the Presidential Security Division. The Commando Regiment has only 2 Regular units.
  • Special Forces Regiment Headquartered at Seeduwa.
  • Military Intelligence Corps Headquartered at Colombo
  • Engineer Services Regiment Headquartered at Panagoda.
  • Sri Lanka Army Service Corps Headquartered at Panagoda.
  • Sri Lanka Army Medical Corps Headquartered at Colombo.
  • Sri Lanka Army Ordnance Corps Headquartered at Panagoda.
  • Sri Lanka Electrical and Mechanical Engineers Headquartered at
  • Sri Lanka Corps of Military Police Headquartered at Colombo.
  • Sri Lanka Army General Service Corps Headquartered at Panagoda.
  • Sri Lanka Army Women's Corps Headquartered at Colombo.
  • Sri Lanka Riffle Corps
  • Sri Lanka Army Pioneer Corps
  • Sri Lanka National Guard Headquartered at Kurunegala

Training Centers[11] Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Major General Vijaya Wimalaratne‎ Major General Vijaya Wimalaratne(මේජර් ජෙනරාල් විජය විමලරත්න) was a Sri Lankan soldier. ... October 14 is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 15 is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 46 days remaining. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Sri Lankan Army Commandos take part in a Sri Lankan military parade The Sri Lankan Army Commandos are an elite special operations unit which is responsible to the Sri Lankan army (unlike the Special Task Force) Within one of the two Army Commando Regiments there is a 140-man counterterrorist... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... SAS Cap Badge Official force name Special Air Service Nicknames The Regiment The SAS (British Army phonetic) the sass (discouraged by the unit itself) Motto Who Dares Wins Description Britains main Special Operations Force. ... Agra   (Hindi: , Urdu: ‎), (IPA: ) finds mention in the epic Mahabharata when it was called Agrabana are Paradise. ... December 4 is the 338th day (339th on leap years) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jaffna District. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ...

Maskmenship and Sniper Training School was was established in 1989 at Diyathalawa for training snipers and in conducting for the development of maskmenship in Sri Lanka Army.
Maskmenship and Sniper Training School was was established in 1989 at Diyathalawa for training snipers and in conducting for the development of maskmenship in Sri Lanka Army.
  1. Sri Lanka Army Command and Staff College (ACSC)
  2. Sri Lanka Military Academy (SLMA)
  3. Army Training School (ATS)
  4. Infantry Training Centre I(TC)
  5. Combat Training School (CTS)
  6. Army Physical Education Centre (APEC)
  7. Volunteer Force Training School (VFTS)
  8. Marksman Sniper Training School (MSTS)
  9. Non Commission Officer Training School (NCOTS)
  10. Language Training School (LTS)
  11. Institute of Peacekeeping Support Operations Training Sri Lanka (IPSOT-SL)

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Crest of The Sri Lanka Army Command and Staff College The Sri Lanka Army Command and Staff College (ACSC) is situated at Batalanda, Makola (South) 12 Kilometers away from Colombo and its aim to develop the professional knowledge and understanding of selected Officers in order to prepare them for...

Training

Battel Physical Efficiency Tests (BPET) being conduct at the Combat Training School (CTS), Ampara.
Battel Physical Efficiency Tests (BPET) being conduct at the Combat Training School (CTS), Ampara.

Training for the Army personnel is mostly provided at the Army Training Centre situated in Diyatalawa, in the Badulla District, Uva Province. There are three separate facilities included in the center. These are the Sri Lankan Military Academy, the Non-Commissioned Officers' School, and the Recruit Training School. The Military Academy which was established in 1981, took in the former Officers' Cadet School and the Officers' Study Center. The Military Academy provided training in tactics and administration in the late 1980s, and the graduates from the academy were commissioned as officers in the regular forces. The course of the officer cadets ran for ninety weeks and it helped preparing the cadets to take up the positions of platoon commanders. The course consisted of military and academic subjects and also trained the cadets physically.The course helped to promote leadership qualities and the understanding each one’s role as an officer as a servant of the state. Due to the huge lack of officers within the lower levels, the training process was sped up by developing a short commission course. The cadets were given a training of fifty-six weeks and devoted themselves to continue their careers in the military with the five years of service. There were approximately three hundred recruits at a time in the Army Training Centre and in 1982, supposedly trained 18 officers. The required additional training is given by individual field units.[9][10] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 497 pixel Image in higher resolution (1260 × 782 pixel, file size: 160 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Battel Physical Efficiency Tests (BPET) being conduct at the Combat Training School (CTS), Ampara This work is copyrighted and unlicensed. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 497 pixel Image in higher resolution (1260 × 782 pixel, file size: 160 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Battel Physical Efficiency Tests (BPET) being conduct at the Combat Training School (CTS), Ampara This work is copyrighted and unlicensed. ... Ampara is a remote city on the East Coast of Sri Lanka, about 320km from the capital city of Colombo. ... Badulla (?? in Sinhala; பதுளை in Tamil) is the capital of Uva Province, Sri Lanka. ... Uva Province, Sri Lanka Uva is Sri Lankas second least populated province, with 1,187,335 people, created in 1896. ... A non-commissioned officer (sometimes noncommissioned officer), also known as an NCO or noncom, is a non-commissioned member of an armed force who has been given authority by a commissioned officer. ... A military academy is a military educational institution. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A cadet is a person who is junior in some way. ... Platoon is a term from military science. ... Look up Leadership in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Training for the cadets are provided at the General Sir John Kotelawala Defence Academy formed in 1981 situated in Ratmalana, fourteen kilometers south of Colombo. (The naming of the academy has been done after the third prime minister of Sri Lanka, Sir John Kotelawala.) Each year, approximately fifty cadets are admitted to the academy (aged 18-22) to participate in a three-year program of academic and basic training based work. The graduates follow up their studies at a regular university until they take up a full-time career in the military services.[9][10] The General Sir John Kotelawala Defence Academy (KDA) located in Ratmalana, Colombo, is a joint services academy where cadets of the three wings Sri Lanka Army, Sri Lanka Navy and Sri Lanka Air Force are trained together before they go for their pre-commission training to their respective academies. ... Map of Colombo with its administrative districts Coordinates: District Colombo Division, Colombo District Mayor Uvaiz Mohammad Imitiyaz (Sri Lanka Freedom Party) Area    - City 37. ...


As the armed forces have a limited capacity of indigenous training facilities, they have depended greatly on military training provided by foreign countries. The British played a major role in the early years following independence and have continued to be an important source of military expertise to the Sri Lankan military. Other sources include Pakistan, Australia, Malaysia, and the United States. Additionally, in an agreement reached in 1984, Israeli security personnel (reportedly from Shin Bet, the Israeli counterespionage and internal security organization) went to Sri Lanka to train army officers in counterinsurgency techniques.[10] 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Shabak emblem Defender who shall not be seen The Shabak (in Hebrew, שבכ   Shabak?} an acronym of Sherut ha-Bitachon ha-Klali שירות ביטחון כללי) known abroad as the Shin Bet or the GSS (General Security Service), is the Internal General Security Service of Israel. ... Espionage operations intended to identify enemy spies. ... Counter-insurgency is the combatting of insurgency, by the government (or allies) of the territory in which the insurgency takes place. ...


Women in the Sri Lanka Army

Lt.Col.Kumudini Weerasekara the first SLAWC officer to command the unit.
Lt.Col.Kumudini Weerasekara the first SLAWC officer to command the unit.

The Sri Lankan Army Women's Corps(SLAWC) was formed in September 01, 1979 as an unarmed, noncombatant support unit. Set up with the assistance of the Women's Royal Army Corps, it was identical in structure to its parent organization, and its first generation of officer cadets was trained in Britain. Candidates were required to be between eighteen and twenty years old and to have passed the lowest level of the General Common Entrance examinations. While the Officer candidates must have passed the Advanced Level. Enlistment entailed a five-year service commitment (the same as for men), and recruits were not allowed to marry during this period. In the sixteen-week training course at the Army Training Center at Diyatalawa Sri Lanka Military Academy, cadets were put through a program of drill and physical training similar to the men's program, with the exception of weapons and battlecraft training. Women recruits were paid according to the same scale as the men, but were limited to service in nursing, communications, and clerical work. In late 1987, the first class of women graduates from the Viyanini Army Training Center were certified to serve as army instructors.But, from late 1987 - after hostilities began with the first batch of women graduates from the British Army's Women's Corp Center certified to serve as Army Instructors.[12] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... For the song by the Smashing Pumpkins, see 1979 (song). ... Non-combatant is a military and legal term describing civilians not engaged in combat. ... Combat Service Support (CSS) is a United States military term. ... The Womens Royal Army Corps (WRAC - sometimes pronounced phonetically as rack, a term unpopular with its members) was the corps to which all women in the British Army except medical, dental and veterinary officers and chaplains (who belonged to the same corps as the men) and nurses (who belonged... Officer Cadet is a rank held by military cadets during their training to become commissioned officers. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the British A-Level examination. ... Nursing is a profession focused on assisting individuals, families, and communities in attaining, re-attaining, and maintaining optimal health and functioning. ... The term communications is used in a number of disciplines: Communications, also known as communication studies is the academic discipline which studies communication, generally seen as a mixture between media studies and linguistics. ... A cleric is a member of the clergy of a religion, especially one that has trained or ordained priests, preachers, or other religious professionals. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Until now, women officers have proved their ability and serve in varied specialized fields in the Service as control tower operators, electronic warfare technicians, radio material teletypists, automotive mechanics, aviation supply personnel, cryptographers, doctors, combat medic, lawyers, engineers and even aerial photographers.[13] The control tower at Schiphol airport. ... Electronic warfare (EW) has three main components: Electronic Attack (EA) This is the active use of the electromagnetic spectrum to deny its use by an adversary. ... A mechanic working on the rear end of a car. ... Assault Support is one of the six functions of Marine aviation and is comprised of those actions required to airlift personnel, supplies or equipment into or within a battle area by helicopters or fixed wing aircraft. ... Pre-19th century Leone Battista Alberti, polymath/universal genius, inventor of polyalphabetic substitution (see frequency analysis for the significance of this -- missed by most for a long time and dumbed down in the Vigenère cipher), and what may have been the first mechanical encryption aid. ... A combat medic is a trained soldier who is responsible for providing first aid and frontline trauma care on the battlefield. ... For information on the type of fish called Lawyer, see the article on Burbot. ... Combat engineers place satchel charges and detonating cord, preparatory to blowing up a railway bridge during the Korean War, 30 Jul 1950. ... The Georgian terrace of Royal Crescent (Bath, England) from a hot air balloon Dulles Airport in Reston, Virginia, from an airplane Intersection of E42 and E451 from an aircraft soon after takeoff from Frankfurt International Airport Moreton Island in Queensland, Australia Aerial photography is the taking of photographs from the...


To meet the operational requirements in the field areas, the 2nd Volunteer Battalion of the Women’s Corps was raised. A few officers from the regular counter part were attached to this unit to organize the command structure. Sri Lanka can be proud of these women as they are employed in active combat duties in the northern and eastern parts of the Island. Symbol of the Austrian 14th Armoured Battalion in NATO military graphic symbols A battalion is a military unit usually consisting of between two and six companies and typically commanded by a Lieutenant Colonel. ... Northern Province is a province of Sri Lanka. ... Eastern Province is a province of Sri Lanka. ...


Many officers commencing with Lieutenant Colonel A.W. Thambiraja were appointed to command this unit from time to time. The first women’s corps officer to command the unit was Lieutenant Colonel Kumudini Weerasekara in 1992. At present there is one regular regiment and four volunteer regiments in the Women’s Corps.[14] In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ...


Rank structure

These are the Sri Lanka Army ranks and their equivalent NATO designations. The following tables present the military ranks and insignia of the Sri Lanka Army. ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague. ...


Commissioned Officer ranks

NATO Code OF-9(1) OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 Student Officer
Flag of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka
Title General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Officer Cadet
Abbreviation Gen Lt Gen Maj Gen Brig Col Lt Col Maj Capt Lt 2Lt OC
  • 1 Awarded only when selected as Chief of Defence Staff.

Image File history File links Flag_of_Sri_Lanka. ... Image File history File links General_SLA.GIF‎ WORLD INSIGNIA COLLECTORS UNION File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Lieutenant_general_SLA.gif‎ WORLD INSIGNIA COLLECTORS UNION File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Major_general_SLA.GIF‎ WORLD INSIGNIA COLLECTORS UNION File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Brigadier_SLA.GIF‎ WORLD INSIGNIA COLLECTORS UNION File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Colonel_SLA.GIF‎ WORLD INSIGNIA COLLECTORS UNION File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Lieutenant_colonel_SLA.gif‎ WORLD INSIGNIA COLLECTORS UNION File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Major_SLA.GIF‎ WORLD INSIGNIA COLLECTORS UNION File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Captain_SLA.GIF‎ WORLD INSIGNIA COLLECTORS UNION File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links 1st_lieutenant_SLA.GIF‎ WORLD INSIGNIA COLLECTORS UNION File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links 2nd_lieutenant_SLA.GIF‎ WORLD INSIGNIA COLLECTORS UNION File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Brigadier(BRIG-uh-DEER) is a military rank, the meaning of which has a considerable variation. ... Colonel (IPA: or ) is a military rank of a commissioned officer, with the corresponding ranks existing in nearly every country in the world. ... In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. ... Major is a military rank the use of which varies according to country. ... Captain is a nautical term, an organizational title, and a rank in various uniformed organizations. ... Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... Second Lieutenant is the lowest commissioned rank in many armed forces. ... Officer Cadet is a rank held by military cadets during their training to become commissioned officers. ...

Warrant Officer, Non Commissioned Officer and enlisted ranks (Other Ranks)

NATO Code OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Flag of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka No Insignia
Title Warrant Officer 1st Class Warrant Officer 2nd Class Staff Sergeant Sergeant Corporal

Bombardier Image File history File links Flag_of_Sri_Lanka. ... Image File history File links Warrant_officer_class_i_SLA.gif‎ WORLD INSIGNIA COLLECTORS UNION File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Warrant_officer_class_ii_SLA.gif‎ WORLD INSIGNIA COLLECTORS UNION File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Staff_sergeant_SLA.gif‎ WORLD INSIGNIA COLLECTORS UNION File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Sergeant_SLA.gif‎ WORLD INSIGNIA COLLECTORS UNION File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Corporal_SLA.gif‎ WORLD INSIGNIA COLLECTORS UNION File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Lance_corporal_SLA.gif‎ WORLD INSIGNIA COLLECTORS UNION File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Regimental Sergeant Major (RSM) is an appointment held by Warrant Officers Class 1 (WO1) in the British Army, Royal Marines and many Commonwealth armies including the Australian Army and New Zealand Army, and by Chief Warrant Officers (CWO) in the Canadian Forces. ... This article is about a military rank and position. ... United States Military Staff Sergeant insignia (U.S. Air Force) Staff Sergeant is the fifth enlisted rank in the U.S. Air Force, just above Senior Airman and below Technical Sergeant. ... Sergeant is a rank used in some form by most militaries, police forces, and other uniformed organisations around the world. ... Corporal is a rank in use in some form by most militaries, police forces or other uniformed organizations around the world. ... For Bombardier Group, Canada see: Bombardier United Kingdom Bombardier and lance-bombardier are British Army ranks used in the Royal Artillery instead of (respectively) corporal and lance-corporal. ...

Lance Corporal

Lance Bombardier Lance Corporal (LCpl or L/Cpl) is a military rank used by some elements of the British, Commonwealth, and U.S. armed forces. ... In the British Army, a Lance Bombardier (LBdr or L/Bdr) is the Royal Artillery equivalent of a Lance Corporal. ...

Private
Abbreviation WO1 WO2 S/Sgt Sgt Cpl L/Cpl Pte

A Private is a soldier of the lowest military rank (equivalent to Nato Rank Grades OR-1 to OR-3 depending on the force served in). ...

Personnel

In September 2004, the Sri Lankan government deployed approximately 750 troops to Haiti in its first major overseas operation.[7] It was part of the United Nations peacekeeping mission within the Caribbean nation. Prior to the deployment, all of the army's operations took place in Sri Lanka due to the internal situation. The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... West Indian redirects here. ...


The Sri Lanka Army presently stands at 118,000 strong including 2,960 women and plus an additional 10,000 in reserve. It is one of the fastest growing armed forces in the world.[15]


In light of recent attacks by the LTTE, the United States has expressed its intent to maintain military training assistance and possibly increase it should the violence continue.[16]


Notable fallen members

Corporal Gamini Kularatne Corporal Gamini Kularatne(ගාමිණී කුලරත්න), called the Hasalaka Hero(හසළක වීරයා, හසළක ගාමිණී), (September 4, 1966 - July 13, 1991) was a Sri Lankan soldier. ... Temporary grave of an American machine-gunner during the Battle of Normandy. ... Captain Saliya Upul Aladeniya () (PWV, WWV) (1964 - June 11, 1990) was a Sri Lankan soldier who refused to abandon the injured of his platoon and, fought until the Kokavil army camp was overrun by Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam attackers. ... Lieutenant General Denzil Lakshman Kobbekaduwa (July 27, 1940 - 1992) was a Sri Lankan soldier. ... Temporary grave of an American machine-gunner during the Battle of Normandy. ... Major General Vijaya Wimalaratne‎ Major General Vijaya Wimalaratne(මේජර් ජෙනරාල් විජය විමලරත්න) was a Sri Lankan soldier. ... Temporary grave of an American machine-gunner during the Battle of Normandy. ... Lieutenant General Parami Kulatunga (born circa 1950 in Kandy, died 26 June 2006) was Deputy Chief of Staff of the Sri Lankan Army, its third highest ranking officer. ... Temporary grave of an American machine-gunner during the Battle of Normandy. ... Warrant Officer 2nd Class H.B.P. Gunasekera Warrant Officer 2nd Class H.B. Pasan Gunasekera () (PWV, WWV, RSP) (November 9, 1964 - November 29, 1995) was a non commissioned officer in the Sri Lanka Army who was posthumously promoted to the rank of Warrant Officer 2nd Class from Staff Sergeant... Temporary grave of an American machine-gunner during the Battle of Normandy. ...

Equipment

WZ551 armoured personnel carrier in Sri Lanka
WZ551 armoured personnel carrier in Sri Lanka

After the 1971 uprising, the army expanded its range of weapons from the original stock of World War II-era British Lee Enfield rifles and 4.2-inch heavy mortars. New sources of weaponry in the mid-to-late 1970s included the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, and China, countries with which the leftist Bandaranaike government had close ties to. China has continued to be an important source of arms well into the 1980s.[10] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1044x600, 125 KB) Summary China Military Blog, http://china-defense. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1044x600, 125 KB) Summary China Military Blog, http://china-defense. ... The WZ551 is a Chinese APC that resembles the VAB APC. The WZ551 comes in two variations: the 4X4 APC looks like the VAB the 6X6 APC (only version) Peoples Liberation Army Ground Force land arm of the Peoples Liberation Army Peoples National Army land arm of... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Lee-Enfield was the British Armys standard bolt-action, magazine-fed, repeating rifle from 1895 until 1956, in various marks. ... US soldier loading a M224 60-mm mortar. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in Latin, Југославија in Cyrillic, English: Land of the South Slavs) describes four political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... Solomon West Ridgeway Dias Bandaranaike (1899-September 26, 1959) was Prime Minister (1956-59) of Ceylon (later Sri Lanka). ... The 1980s refers to the years of and between 1980 and 1989. ...


To meet the threat posed by predominantly the LTTE, Army had purchased modern military hardware including; 5 Inch calibre Heavy machine guns, Rocket Propelled Grenade Launchers, Night Vision Devices, 106mm Recoilless rifles, 60mm and 81mm Mortars, 40mm Grenade Launchers and some Sniper Rifles. Refurnished armoured personnel carriers were added to the 'A' vehicle fleet of the 1st Recce Regiment Sri Lanka Armoured Corps. These APCs enabled the Armoured Corps to have their own assault troopers to provide close contact protection to their Alvis Saladin and Ferret Scout Cars which were vulnerable to anti-tank weapons. The capability of the Sri Lanka Artillery was enhanced with the introduction of 25 Pounder Guns.[10][17] The M2 machine gun with a tripod weighs 58 kg (128 lb). ... An RPG-7 captured by the US Army A rocket propelled grenade (RPG) is a loose term describing hand-held, shoulder-launched anti-tank weapons capable of firing an unguided rocket equipped with an explosive warhead. ... Night-vision is seeing in the dark. ... M67 recoilless rifle. ... US soldier loading a M224 60-mm mortar. ... A grenade launcher is weapon that fires or launches a grenade to longer distances than a soldier could throw by hand. ... The M40, United States Marine Corps standard-issue sniper rifle Sniper rifle is a term most frequently applied to rifles used by military or law enforcement to ensure accurate placement of shots at greater ranges than other small arms. ... Armoured personnel carriers (APCs) are armoured fighting vehicles developed to transport infantry on the battlefield. ... The Saladin (FV601) was a six-wheeled armoured car built by Alvis and used by the British army. ... The Ferret armoured car, also commonly called the Ferret Scout car, is a British produced armoured fighting vehicle designed and built for reconnaissance purposes. ... Anti-tank, or simply AT, refers to any method of combating military armored fighting vehicles, notably tanks. ...


Though the weapons were obsolete at the time of purchase, the Government security forces found them to be successful in combat. Land mines yet proved to be the most lethal threat to the security forces; As many mines have been deployed against government forces by the LTTE in the Eastern Provinces. These mines were deployed with normalcy against government trucks and buses, with a high rate of casualty. These landmines weighed aproxiamtely 50 - 100kgs, against which no armoured vehicle that the SLA possessed was able to withstand the blast effect. Therefore the South African made Buffel was introduced to service to reduce damage due to land mines. The Army's own Unicorn Class was also developed to a level so that they too matched the capabilities of the Buffels from South Africa. The UNICORN was assembled by the Sri Lanka Electrical & Mechanical Engineers.[10][17] The Buffel was the primary mine-protected APC of the South African Army during the Angolan conflict. ...


In recent years, Sri Lanka has become increasingly reliant on China for weapons. This is due to most European nations and the United States Governments passing regulations about the selling of weaponry to nations who are suffering from internal conflict.[18] China however, has no such regulations upon their arms producers, and some see the sales as an attempt to gain political influence with strategically-important Sri Lanka.[19] Motto: In varietate concordia 2 Anthem: Ode to Joy 3 Commission seat Brussels Official languages 23 Member states 27 Presidencies  - Commission José Manuel Barroso  - Parliament Hans-Gert Pöttering  - Council Frank-Walter Steinmeier  - Germany Formation    - Treaty of Rome 25 March 1957   - Maastricht Treaty 7 February 1992  Area  - Total 4,324...


Sri Lanka still receives a variety of weapons from Britain, Pakistan, Israel and other former suppliers.[20]

Infantry weapons

Armoured vehicles The Chinese Type 56 Assault Rifle is a copy of the AK-47 Kalashnikov. ... The AK is the worlds most common assault rifle. ... The Chinese Type 81 Assault Rifle is the principal automatic rifle used by the Peoples Liberation Army. ... The G3 (which stands for Gewehr 3, or Rifle #3) is a family of select fire battle rifles manufactured by Heckler & Koch. ... It has been suggested that Heckler & Koch MP5K be merged into this article or section. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Uzi is a compact, boxy, light-weight submachine gun. ... M16 (more formally United States Rifle, Caliber 5. ... The Sterling submachine gun is a British submachine gun which was in service with the British Army from 1953 until 1988 when it was phased out with the introduction of the L85A1 SA80 assault rifle. ... Type 69 RPG with bipod mount. ... An RPG-7 captured by the US Army The RPG-7 (Russian: ) is a widely-produced and used handheld anti-tank grenade launcher designed by the Soviet Union. ... The PK is a 7. ... 7. ... The RPD is a belt-fed machine gun formerly manufactured in the Soviet Union and in China. ... The Dragunov Sniper Rifle (Russian: , abbreviated SVD, GRAU index 6V1), is a semiautomatic rifle designed by Evgeniy Fedorovich Dragunov in the Soviet Union between 1958 and 1963. ... A U.S. Army soldier peers through a scope mounted atop his M-14 rifle during operations in Iraq A sniper rifle is a type of rifle used for engaging in the act of sniping, most purely a rifle used for shooting with great accuracy. ... The PSG-1 (Präzisions-Scharfschützen-Gewehr, German for precision sharpshooting rifle) is a semi-automatic sniper rifle designed by the German company Heckler & Koch. ... The Fusil Automatique Leger, or Light Automatic Rifle (LAR). ... The FN MAG is a machine gun manufactured by Fabrique Nationale (FN), Belgium. ... The MG 34 - the first Universelles Maschinengewehr forerunner of the modern GPMG, shown here in two different mountings. ... The FN Minimi is a squad automatic weapon — the name coming from Mini-mitrailleuse (French: mini-machine gun. It is a 5. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... HK21 The HK 21 is a belt-fed light machine gun using the 7. ... The HK 69 is a breech-loading grenade launcher with a pistol grip and a telescoping stock. ... A grenade launcher is weapon that fires or launches a grenade to longer distances than a soldier could throw by hand. ... M203 generally refers to the United States Army designation for a single shot 40 mm grenade launcher that attaches to the M16 assault rifle or the M4 Carbine. ...

Multiple rocket launchers The T-54 and T-55 tank series was the Soviet Unions front-line main battle tank from 1947 until 1962, and remains in service throughout the world to this day, especially by former client states of the Soviet Union. ... The T-54 and T-55 tank series was the Soviet Unions front-line main battle tank from 1947 until 1962, and remains in service throughout the world to this day, especially by former client states of the Soviet Union. ... The US M1A1 Abrams tank is a typical modern main battle tank. ... General characteristics Length 6. ... Daimler may refer to Gottlieb Daimler, German engineer and automobile inventor in the 1880s Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft, his Stuttgart-based company, maker of Mercedes vehicles since 1903, later merged into Daimler-Benz, maker of Mercedes-Benz vehicles (since 1926) DaimlerChrysler (1998), a part German, part American, part Japanese car maker... The Ferret armoured car, also commonly called the Ferret Scout car, is a British produced armoured fighting vehicle designed and built for reconnaissance purposes. ... The Saladin (FV601) was a six-wheeled armoured car built by Alvis and used by the British army. ... The FV 603 Saracen was a six-wheeled armoured personnel carrier built by Alvis and used by the British army that became a recognisable vehicle as a result of its part in the policing of Northern Ireland. ... The BMP-1 is a Soviet infantry fighting vehicle which was first introduced in the early 1960s. ... A Warrior vehicle with UN markings, during the making of the eponymous film. ... The BMP-1 is a Soviet infantry fighting vehicle which was first introduced in the early 1960s. ... The BMP-3 is a Russian infantry fighting vehicle which was first introduced 1990. ... BTR-80 is a 8x8 wheeled armoured personnel carrier (APC) designed in the Soviet Union. ... Armoured personnel carriers (APCs) are armoured fighting vehicles developed to transport infantry on the battlefield. ... The WZ551 is a Chinese APC that resembles the VAB APC. The WZ551 comes in two variations: the 4X4 APC looks like the VAB the 6X6 APC (only version) Peoples Liberation Army Ground Force land arm of the Peoples Liberation Army Peoples National Army land arm of... The Buffel was the primary mine-protected APC of the South African Army during the Angolan conflict. ... The Buffel was the primary mine-protected APC of the South African Army during the Angolan conflict. ... Tata may refer to: Tata Group, a multinational company based in India Tata Motors, one of Indias largest automobile company known for its hatchback motorvehicle Tata Indica Tata Steel, worlds fifth largest steel producer Tata Consultancy Services, Indias largest IT company Tata Airlines, now Air India Tata... Look up Chassis in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... An engine is something that produces an effect from a given input. ... The BTR-152 was the Soviet armored personnel carrier. ... The T-54 and T-55 tank series was the Soviet Unions front-line main battle tank from 1947 until 1962, and remains in service throughout the world to this day, especially by former client states of the Soviet Union. ... Conqueror Armoured Recovery Vehicle 2 An armoured recovery vehicle (ARV) is a type of armoured fighting vehicle used to repair battle-damaged or broken-down armoured vehicles during combat, or to tow them off the battlefield for more extensive repairs. ... The Shorland is an armoured car that was developed for the Royal Ulster Constabulary for internal security duties in Northern Ireland. ... The T-54 and T-55 tank series was the Soviet Unions front-line main battle tank from 1947 until 1962, and remains in service throughout the world to this day, especially by former client states of the Soviet Union. ... An armoured vehicle-launched bridge (or AVLB) is a combat support vehicle, sometimes regarded as a subtype of combat engineering vehicle, designed to assist militaries in rapidly deploying tanks and other armoured fighting vehicles across rivers. ... Land Rover Tangi, in new PSNI livery The Land Rover Tangi is an armoured car used in Northern Ireland. ... 80-inch Series I The Land Rover Series I, II, and III, Ninety, One Ten, 127, and Defender are off-road vehicles produced by the British manufacturer Land Rover. ...

  • RM-70 Multiple rocket launcher[41]

Anti-tank missiles The RM-70 Multiple Launch Rocket System is a Czechoslovakian army version and the heavier variant of the BM-21 Grad Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS), providing enhanced performance over its parent artillery system that was introduced in 1972. ...

  • Baktar-Shikan Anti-tank guided missiles[28]

Pakistani Army Baktar Shikan configuration one The Bakter Shikan is an anti-tank guided missile system, manufactured in Pakistan by Kahuta Research Laboratories (KRL). ... An Anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) or weapon (ATGW) is a guided missile primarily designed to hit and destroy tanks and other armoured fighting vehicles. ...

Humanitarian missions

Old Tamil woman, displaced by the 2003 Eastern Province floods, being carried to a safe place by four Sri Lanka Army personals.
Old Tamil woman, displaced by the 2003 Eastern Province floods, being carried to a safe place by four Sri Lanka Army personals.

The Sri Lanka Army has taken part in a number of humanitarian missions over the course of its history. Most recently, after the a ceasefire agreement was signed between the government and the LTTE in 2002, Sri Lankan forces were invited by the United Nations to be part of the UN peacekeeping force in Haiti.[45] The Sri Lanka Light Infantry was selected to be part of the peacekeeping operations, and training programs on counter revolutionary warfare were conducted for the troops in Kukuleganga. Follwoinf the successful completion of the training, a battalion under the command of Col. K.A.D.A. Karunasekara left for Haiti on October 22, 2004. In the process of the peacekeeping operations, 2 soldiers were killed in a raid in Petit-Goave.[46] After over 6 months of service, the first contingent of the peacekeeping force returned to Sri Lanka on May 17, 2005.[45] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Eastern Province is a province of Sri Lanka. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... October 22 is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 70 days remaining. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 17 is the 137th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (138th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


See also

Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...

Further reading

  • Army, Sri Lanka. (1st Edition - October 1999). "50 YEARS ON" - 1949-1999, Sri Lanka Army. ISBN 995-8089-02-8

References

  1. ^ a b Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2000 (HTML). U.S. State Department (23). Retrieved on 2007 March 23.
  2. ^ "Deadly arsenals dot Sri Lanka", Richard M Bennett, Asia Times Online, 05 August 2006.
  3. ^ Sri Lanka Army History, The Ancient Time. Sri Lanka Army. Retrieved on 2007 February 4.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Army, Sri Lanka (October 1999). "Chapter 1", Sri Lanka Army, "50 YEARS ON" - 1949-1999, 1st Edition (in English), Colombo: Sri Lanka Army, 1-3. ISBN 995-8089-02-8. 
  5. ^ The Portuguese in Sri Lanka (1505-1658). WWW Virtual Library - Sri Lanka. Retrieved on 2004 June 30.
  6. ^ Indias.com, Sri Lankan Army. Indias. Retrieved on 2006 February 4.
  7. ^ a b History of the Sri Lanka Light Infantry Regiment, Sri Lanka Army. Sri Lanka Army. Retrieved on 2006 February 4.
  8. ^ a b Establishment, Sri Lanka Army. Sri Lanka Army. Retrieved on 2006 February 4.
  9. ^ a b c d e f Military Balance, Sri Lanka. Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies. Retrieved on 2007 March 14.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Sri Lanka, The Army. Photius Coutsoukis. Retrieved on 2007 March 14.
  11. ^ Training, Sri Lanka Army. Sri Lanka Army. Retrieved on 2006 February 4.
  12. ^ Sri Lankan Army Women's Corps. About, Inc. Retrieved on 2007 February 4.
  13. ^ An officer and a lady: You've come a long way, lass.. Sunday Observer. Retrieved on 2006 October 8.
  14. ^ Sri Lanka Army Women’s Corps, Sri Lanka Army. Sri Lanka Army. Retrieved on 2007 February 4.
  15. ^ Sri Lanka. Nations Encyclopedia. Retrieved on 2007 February 4.
  16. ^ LTTE's Military Capability. Tamiltigers.net. Retrieved on 2007 February 4.
  17. ^ a b Army, Sri Lanka (October 1999). "Chapter 1", Sri Lanka Army, "50 YEARS ON" - 1949-1999, 1st Edition (in English), Colombo: Sri Lanka Army, 393. ISBN 995-8089-02-8. 
  18. ^ Small Arms and Light Weapons Conference Report. Judith McDaniel. Retrieved on 2006 July 23.
  19. ^ No Nonsense guide to The Arms Trade. Gideon Burrows. Retrieved on 2005 November 19.
  20. ^ Naval surveillance is the millstone around LTTE's neck. P.K. Balachanddran. Retrieved on 2003 October 17.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i Smith, Chris (October 2003). In the Shadow of a Cease-fire: The Impacts of Small Arms Availability and Misuse in Sri Lanka. Small Arms Survey. 
  22. ^ T 81 Assault Rifle (HTML). SinoDefence. Retrieved on 2007 March 14.
  23. ^ International, Amnesty; International Secretariat, AI Ireland, Omega Foundation. Undermining Global Security: the European Union’s arms exports (PDF), 1st Edition (in English), Amnesty International. ISBN 0-86210-356-8. Retrieved on 14. 
  24. ^ a b Profiling the Small Arms Industry (HTML). Arms Trade Resource Center. World Policy Institute (November 2000). Retrieved on 2007 March 15.
  25. ^ Biography of Mikhail Kalashnikov (HTML). VRQ International, Inc. (14). Retrieved on 2007 March 15.
  26. ^ Trans-National Crime and Light Weapons Proliferation: Security Implications for the State (HTML). Tara Kartha. IDSA (15). Retrieved on 2007 March 15.
  27. ^ If You're Involved in Resolving the (HTML). ibiblio.org (05). Retrieved on 2007 March 15.
  28. ^ a b Sri Lanka Asks Pakistan For USD60 Million in Defence Assistance (HTML). Jane's Information Group (08). Retrieved on 2007 March 15.
  29. ^ Type 69 Main Battle Tank (HTML). GlobalSecurity.org (31). Retrieved on 2007 March 15.
  30. ^ Ferret Mk 1/1 (HTML). Army Guide.com (15). Retrieved on 2007 March 15.
  31. ^ Saladin (HTML). Army Guide.com (15). Retrieved on 2007 March 15.
  32. ^ Saracen (HTML). Army Guide.com (15). Retrieved on 2007 March 15.
  33. ^ BMP-1 (HTML). Army Guide.com (15). Retrieved on 2007 March 15.
  34. ^ BMP-2 (HTML). Army Guide.com (15). Retrieved on 2007 March 15.
  35. ^ Sri Lanka (LTTE) (HTML). International Institute For Strategic Studies (15). Retrieved on 2007 March 15.
  36. ^ BTR-80 (GAZ 5903) (HTML). Army Guide.com (15). Retrieved on 2007 March 15.
  37. ^ Armada, International (February/March 2006). The Trend (PDF), Volume 30, No.1 (in English), Zurich: Armada International, 32. ISBN 0252-9793. Retrieved on 15. 
  38. ^ Buffel (HTML). Army Guide.com (15). Retrieved on 2007 March 15.
  39. ^ Nonis, Anton. "The evolution of the indigenous armoured vehicle: From Unicorn to Unibuffel", The Sunday Observer, 2004-04-25. Retrieved on 2007-03-16.
  40. ^ BTR-152 (HTML). Army Guide.com (15). Retrieved on 2007 March 15.
  41. ^ a b United Nations Register of Conventional Arms (PDF). United Nations (21). Retrieved on 2007 March 16.
  42. ^ Shorland S55 (HTML). Army Guide.com (15). Retrieved on 2007 March 15.
  43. ^ HUSSAR (HTML). Army Guide.com (15). Retrieved on 2007 March 15.
  44. ^ Saferworld's research project on arms and security in EU Associate Countries, Czech Republic
  45. ^ a b Sri Lanka Light Infantry UN Peacekeeping Operations (HTML). Sri Lanka Army. Retrieved on 2007 March 16.
  46. ^ "2 U.N. peacekeepers killed in Haiti fighting", San Diego Union Tribune, March 21, 2005.

2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (83rd in leap years). ... August 5 is the 217th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (218th in leap years), with 148 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 184 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... For the Lebanese political coalition, see March 14 Alliance. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... For the Lebanese political coalition, see March 14 Alliance. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... October 8 is the 281st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (282nd in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 23 is the 204th day (205th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 161 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 19 is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 17 is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Chris Smith is the name of: Chris Smith (composer) (1879 – 1949), American composer and performer Chris Smith, Baron Smith of Finsbury (b. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... For the Lebanese political coalition, see March 14 Alliance. ... Events First year of tianfeng era of the Chinese Xin Dynasty. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in leap years). ... Events Valerius Gratus is appointed Prefect of Iudaea. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (76th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (76th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (76th in leap years). ... March 21 is the 80th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (81st in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

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