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Encyclopedia > Squirrel
Squirrel
Eastern Gray Squirrel, Sciurus carolinensis
Eastern Gray Squirrel, Sciurus carolinensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Sciuridae
Genera

Many, see the article Sciuridae. Squirrel may refer to: Squirrel, a common name for members of the Sciuridae family of rodents and some related species Squirrel Restaurant Management System, a Point Of Sale hardware and software solution produced by Squirrel Systems the Squirrel programming language Squirrels, a concept in Scientology doctrine Squirrel, a web-caching... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1628x1256, 612 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Eastern Gray Squirrel User talk:Diliff User:Fir0002/Fir0002 gallery/Featured Pictures edits Wikipedia:Featured pictures/Animals/Mammals... Binomial name Gmelin, 1788 The Eastern Gray Squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) is a tree squirrel that is native to the eastern to midwestern United States and the eastern provinces of Canada. ... Scientific classification redirects here. ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria For the folk-rock band see The Mammals. ... Suborders Sciuromorpha Castorimorpha Myomorpha Anomaluromorpha Hystricomorpha Rodentia is an order of mammals also known as rodents, characterised by two continuously-growing incisors in the upper and lower jaws which must be kept short by gnawing. ... Genera Many: see text. ... For other uses, see Genus (disambiguation). ... Genera Many: see text. ...

The squirrel is a small or medium-sized rodent of the family Sciuridae. In the English-speaking world, it commonly refers to members of this family's genera Sciurus and Tamiasciurus, which are tree squirrels that have large bushy tails, and are indigenous to Asia and the Americas, and Europe. Similar genera are found in Africa. The Sciuridae family also include flying squirrels, as well as ground squirrels such as the chipmunks, prairie dogs, and woodchucks. Members of the family Anomaluridae are sometimes misleadingly referred to as "scaly-tailed flying squirrels" although they are not closely related to the true squirrels. Suborders Sciuromorpha Castorimorpha Myomorpha Anomaluromorpha Hystricomorpha Rodentia is an order of mammals also known as rodents, characterised by two continuously-growing incisors in the upper and lower jaws which must be kept short by gnawing. ... Genera Many: see text. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... For other uses, see Genus (disambiguation). ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Species Tamiasciurus douglasii Tamiasciurus hudsonicus Pine squirrels are squirrels of the genus Tamiasciurus. ... Subgenera Tenes Sciurus Hesperosciurus Otosciurus Guerlinguetus Hadrosciurus Urosciurus Although the term tree squirrel can refer to any arboreal member of the family Sciuridae, it is generally in reference to the common and widely distributed members of the genus Sciurus. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... World map showing the Americas CIA political map of the Americas in an equal-area projection The Americas are the lands of the New World, consisting of the continents of North America and South America with their associated islands and regions. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Genus (disambiguation). ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Two groups of rodents are referred to as flying squirrels. ... This article is about the animal. ... Species Cynomys gunnisoni Cynomys leucurus Cynomys ludovicianus Cynomys mexicanus Cynomys parvidens The prairie dog (Cynomys) is a small, burrowing rodent native to the grasslands of North America. ... This article is about the mammal. ... Genera Anomalurus, Idiurus, Zenkerella The Anomaluridae or scaly-tailed flying squirrels are a family of rodents found in central Africa. ...

Contents

Etymology

The word squirrel, first attested in 1327, comes via Anglo-Norman esquirel from the Old French escurel, the reflex of a Latin word which was itself borrowed from Greek.[1] The native Old English word, ācweorna, only survived into Middle English (as aquerna) before being replaced.[1] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Old French is a term sometimes used to refer to the langue doïl, the continuum of varieties of Romance language spoken in territories corresponding roughly to the northern half of modern France and parts of Belgium and Switzerland during the period roughly from 1000 to 1300 A.D... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... The Greek language (Greek Ελληνικά, IPA // – Hellenic) is an Indo-European language with a documented history of some 3,000 years. ... Old English redirects here. ... Middle English is the name given to an early form of the English language that was in common use from roughly the 12th to the 15th centuries— from after the Norman invasion by William the Conqueror in 1066 to around the introduction of the printing press by William Caxton in...


Background

Several species of squirrels have melanistic phases. The most common variety seen in urban areas is the melanistic form of the Eastern Grey Squirrel
Several species of squirrels have melanistic phases. The most common variety seen in urban areas is the melanistic form of the Eastern Grey Squirrel

Common squirrels include the Fox Squirrel (S. niger); the Western Gray Squirrel (S. griseus); the Douglas Squirrel (Tamiasciurus douglasii); the American Red Squirrel T. hudsonicus; and the Eastern Grey Squirrel (S. carolinensis), of which the "Black Squirrel" is a variant. Image File history File links Blacksquirrelrev. ... Image File history File links Blacksquirrelrev. ... The Black Panther is the prototypical example of melanism. ... Binomial name Sciurus niger Linnaeus, 1758 The Fox Squirrel (Sciurus niger) is the largest species of tree squirrels native to North America. ... Binomial name Sciurus griseus Ord, 1818 The Western Gray Squirrel (Sciurus griseus) is a tree squirrel found along the western coast of the United States and Canada. ... Binomial name Tamiasciurus douglasii (Bachman, 1839) Desolation Wilderness (Sierra Nevada) The Douglas Squirrel, Tamiasciurus douglasii, is a pine squirrel found in the Pacific coastal states and provinces of North America. ... Binomial name (Erxleben, 1777) The North American red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus) is one of two species of tree squirrel currently classified in the genus Tamiasciurus and known as pine squirrels (the other is the Douglas squirrel, ). It is a medium sized (200–250g) diurnal mammal that defends a year-round... Binomial name Sciurus carolinensis Gmelin, 1788 The Eastern Gray Squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) is a tree squirrel that is native to the eastern to midwestern United States and the eastern provinces of Canada. ... Black squirrels are a melanistic phase of the Eastern Grey Squirrel. ...


Unlike rabbits or deer, squirrels cannot digest cellulose and must rely on foods rich in protein, carbohydrates, and fat. Early spring is the hardest time of year for squirrels, since buried nuts begin to sprout and are no longer available for the squirrel to eat, and new food sources have not become available yet. During these times squirrels rely heavily on the buds of trees, in particular, those of the Silver Maple. Squirrels are omnivores; they eat a wide variety of plant food, including nuts, seeds, conifer cones, fruits, fungi, green vegetation, and insects. Ground and tree squirrels are typically diurnal, while flying squirrels tend to be nocturnal -- except for lactating flying squirrels and their offspring, who have a period of diurnality during the summer.[2] Genera Pentalagus Bunolagus Nesolagus Romerolagus Brachylagus Sylvilagus Oryctolagus Poelagus Rabbits are small mammals in the family Leporidae, found in many parts of the world. ... This article is about the ruminent animal. ... Cellulose as polymer of β-D-glucose Cellulose in 3D Cellulose (C6H10O5)n is a polysaccharide of beta-glucose. ... A representation of the 3D structure of myoglobin showing coloured alpha helices. ... Carbohydrates (literally hydrates of carbon) are chemical compounds that act as the primary biological means of storing or consuming energy, other forms being fat and protein. ... For other uses, see FAT. Fats consist of a wide group of compounds that are generally soluble in organic solvents and largely insoluble in water. ... Binomial name Acer saccharinum L. The Silver Maple (Acer saccharinum) is a species of maple native to the eastern United States and adjacent parts of southeast Canada. ... Omnivores are organisms that consume both plants and animals. ... For other uses, see Nut (disambiguation). ... A ripe red jalapeño cut open to show the seeds For other uses, see Seed (disambiguation). ... Mature female European Black Pine cone Male cones of a pine A cone (in formal botanical usage: strobilus, plural strobili) is an organ on plants in the division Pinophyta (conifers) that contains the reproductive structures. ... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ... Divisions Chytridiomycota Zygomycota Ascomycota Basidiomycota The Fungi (singular: fungus) are a large group of organisms ranked as a kingdom within the Domain Eukaryota. ... Vegetation is a general term for the plant life of a region; it refers to the ground cover provided by plants, and is, by far, the most abundant biotic element of the biosphere. ... Orders Subclass Apterygota Archaeognatha (bristletails) Thysanura (silverfish) Subclass Pterygota Infraclass Paleoptera (Probably paraphyletic) Ephemeroptera (mayflies) Odonata (dragonflies and damselflies) Infraclass Neoptera Superorder Exopterygota Grylloblattodea (ice-crawlers) Mantophasmatodea (gladiators) Plecoptera (stoneflies) Embioptera (webspinners) Zoraptera (angel insects) Dermaptera (earwigs) Orthoptera (grasshoppers, etc) Phasmatodea (stick insects) Blattodea (cockroaches) Isoptera (termites) Mantodea (mantids) Psocoptera... In animal behavior, diurnality indicates an animal that is active during the daytime and rests during the night. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Predatory behavior by various species of ground squirrels, particularly the thirteen-lined ground squirrel, has been noted.[3] Bailey, for example, observed a thirteen-lined ground squirrel preying upon a young chicken.[4] Wistrand reported seeing this same species eating a freshly-killed snake.[5] Whitaker examined the stomachs of 139 thirteen-lined ground squirrels, and found bird flesh in four of the specimens and the remains of a short-tailed shrew in one;[6] Bradley, examining white-tailed antelope squirrels' stomachs, found at least 10% of his 609 specimens' stomachs contained some type of vertebrate — mostly lizards and rodents.[7] Morgart (1985) observed a white-tailed antelope squirrel capturing and eating a silky pocket mouse.[8]Black squirrels in Russia have been accused of pack behavior in the murder and consumption of a dog [1] Binomial name Spermophilus tridecemlineatus (Mitchell, 1821) The Thirteen-lined ground squirrel (Spermophilus tridecemlineatus), also known as the Striped Gopher, Squinney and as the Leopard-Spermophile in Audubon’s day, is a brownish ground squirrel with 13 alternating brown and whitish longitudinal lines (sometimes partially broken into spots) on back and... Binomial name (Merriam, 1889) The White-tailed Antelope Squirrel (Ammospermophilus leucurus) is a diurnal species of ground squirrel found in arid regions of the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. ... Perognathus is the genus of pocket mice. ...


Relationship with humans

Squirrel eating a nut
Squirrel eating a nut

Squirrels are generally clever and persistent animals. In residential neighborhoods, they are notorious for eating out of bird feeders, digging in planting pots and flower beds to pull out bulbs which they chew on or to either bury or recover seeds and nuts and for inhabiting sheltered areas including attics and basements. Squirrels use their keen sense of smell to locate buried nuts and can dig extensive holes in the process. Birds, especially crows, will watch a squirrel bury a nut and will dig it up as soon as the squirrel leaves. Although expert climbers, and primarily arboreal, squirrels also thrive in urban environments that are largely free of trees. This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... This article is about the area generally found above a house. ... A townhouse with basement windows showing A basement is one or more floors of a building that are either completely or partially below the ground floor. ... The kinkajou is an arboreal mammal. ...


Squirrels are sometimes considered pests because of their propensity to chew on various edible and inedible objects. This characteristic trait aids in maintaining sharp teeth, and because their teeth grow continuously, prevents over-growth. Homeowners in areas with a heavy squirrel population must keep attics and basements carefully sealed to prevent property damage caused by nesting squirrels. A squirrel nest is called a "drey". Some homeowners resort to more interesting ways of dealing with this problem, such as collecting and planting fur from pets such as domestic cats and dogs in attics. This fur will indicate to nesting squirrels that a potential predator roams and will encourage evacuation. Fake owls and scarecrows are generally ignored by the animals, and the best way to prevent chewing on an object is to coat it with something to make it undesirable: for instance a soft cloth or chili pepper paste or powder. Squirrel trapping is also practiced to remove them from residential areas. Larval form of some beetle is damaging specimen of Sceliphron destillatorius in entomogical collection. ... Types of teeth Molars are used for grinding up foods Carnassials are used for slicing food. ... A drey is a squirrels nest of twigs and leaves in a tree. ... Trinomial name Felis silvestris catus Schreber, 1775 For alternative meanings see cat (disambiguation). ... Trinomial name Canis lupus familiaris The dog (Canis lupus familiaris) is a domestic subspecies of the wolf, a mammal of the Canidae family of the order Carnivora. ... For other uses, see Owl (disambiguation). ... Scarecrows in a rice paddy in Japan For other uses, see Scarecrow (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Chili. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

A squirrel in Washington, DC.
A squirrel in Washington, DC.

Squirrels can be trained to be hand-fed. Because they are able to cache surplus food, they will take as much food as is available. Squirrels living in parks and campuses in cities have learned that humans are typically a ready source of food. Hand feeding is not recommended, however, because squirrels may carry plague or other animal-borne diseases. Even if they do not carry disease, they often have a hard time telling fingertips from food, and bites are painful. Squirrels are occasionally kept as household pets, provided they are selected young enough and are hand raised in a proper fashion. They can be taught to do tricks, and are said to be as intelligent as dogs in their ability to learn behaviors. In these cases, a large cage and a balanced diet with good variety will keep a pet squirrel healthy and happy. As a pet, the owner must be aware of "spring fever" at which time a female pet squirrel will become very defensive of her cage, thinking of it as her nest, and will become somewhat aggressive to defend the area. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 434 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2208 × 3048 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 434 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2208 × 3048 pixel, file size: 3. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... The Universitätscampus Wien, Austria ( details) Campus (plural: campuses) is derived from the (identical) Latin word for field or open space. English gets the words camp and campus from this origin. ... Bubonic plague is the best-known manifestation of the bacterial disease plague, caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis. ...


Squirrels are often the cause of power outages. They can can readily climb a power pole and crawl across a power line. The animals will climb onto transformers or capacitors looking for food. If they touch a high voltage conductor and a grounded portion of the device at the same time, they are then electrocuted and cause a short circuit that shuts down equipment. Squirrels have brought down the high-tech NASDAQ stock market twice and were responsible for a spate of power outages at the University of Alabama.[9] They will often chew on tree branches to sharpen their teeth but cannot tell the difference between a tree branch and a live power line. Rubber plates (squirrel guards) are sometimes used to prevent access to these facilities. Electricity (from New Latin Ä“lectricus, amberlike) is a general term for a variety of phenomena resulting from the presence and flow of electric charge. ... For other uses, see Transformer (disambiguation). ... See Capacitor (component) for a discussion of specific types. ... The term electrocution can mean either: death by electric shock, usually by accident or deliberate execution by electric shock, in an electric chair See also: Capital punishment (death penalty) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... For alternate meanings see Short circuit (disambiguation) A short circuit (sometimes known as simply a short) is a fault whereby electricity moves through a circuit in an unintended path, usually due to a connection forming where none was expected. ... NASDAQ in Times Square, New York City. ... The University of Alabama (also known as Alabama, UA or colloquially as Bama) is a public coeducational university located in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA. Founded in 1831, UA is the flagship school of the University of Alabama System. ...


Squirrels are blamed for economic losses to homeowners, nut growers, forest managers in addition to damage to electric transmission lines. These losses include direct damage to property, repairs, lost revenue and public relations. While dollar costs of these losses are sometimes calculated for isolated incidents, there is no tracking system to determine the total extent of the losses.[10]


Squirrels are also responsible for burrowing into sensitive earthworks such as dams and levees, causing a loss of structural integrity which requires diligent maintenance and prevention. Squirrel burrowing activity has sometimes resulted in catastrophic failures of these structures.[11]


Urban squirrels have learned to get a great deal of food from over-generous humans. One of the more common and inexpensive foods fed to squirrels is peanuts. Recent studies however have shown that raw peanuts contain a trypsin inhibitor that prevents the absorption of protein in the intestines, therefore offering peanuts that have been roasted is the better option.[12] However, wildlife rehabilitators in the field have noted that neither raw and roasted peanuts or sunflower seeds are good for squirrels, since they are deficient in several essential nutrients. This type of deficiency has been found to cause Metabolic Bone Disease, a somewhat common ailment found in malnourished squirrels.[13][14] This article is about the legume. ... Trypsin (EC 3. ... Metabolic Bone Disease is an umbrella term referring to the weakening of bones due to a deficiency of certain minerals, specifically calcium, phospherous, and vitamin d. ...


Hunting and food

A grey squirrel eating a nut
A grey squirrel eating a nut

Until recent times, squirrel meat was considered a favored meat in certain regions of the United States where it can be listed as wild game. This is evidenced by extensive recipes for its preparation found in cookbooks, including older copies of The Joy of Cooking. Squirrel meat can be exchanged for rabbit or chicken in recipes although squirrel meat is more tender than the latter. Squirrels can often become prey to different dogs that have the speed and agility to catch them. Its light red or pink flesh has only a slight game taste. In many areas of the U.S., particularly areas of the American South, squirrels are hunted for food. However, the American Heart Association has found squirrels to be high in cholesterol.[15] Game is any animal hunted for food. ... The Joy of Cooking is one of the worlds most-published cookbooks, having been in print continuously since 1936. ... For other uses, see Rabbit (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Historic Southern United States. ... The American Heart Association (AHA) is a non-profit organization in the United States that fosters appropriate cardiac care in an effort to reduce disability and deaths caused by cardiovascular disease and stroke American Stroke Association Web site. ... Cholesterol is a sterol (a combination steroid and alcohol). ...


Popular culture

Squirrel carrying nut, Brooklyn
Squirrel carrying nut, Brooklyn

Despite periodic complaints about the animal as a pest, general public opinion towards the animal is favorable, thanks to its agreeable appearance, intelligence and its eating styles and habits. Squirrels are arguably the most successful wild urban animal species. Squirrels are popular characters in cartoons and other forms of media, such as the works of Beatrix Potter, Redwall (including Jess Squirrel and numerous other squirrels), the squirrel Pattertwig in C. S. Lewis's book Prince Caspian, the Starwife and her subjects from Robin Jarvis's Deptford novels, Scrat from Ice Age, Slappy Squirrel of Animaniacs, Sandy Cheeks from Spongebob Squarepants, Hammy from Over The Hedge, Benny in The Wild, Rodney from Squirrel Boy, Secret Squirrel, Conker the Squirrel from Rare's Conker series of video games, the squirrel-themed super-heroine Squirrel Girl, Foamy the Squirrel of Neurotically Yours, Nutty from Happy Tree Friends, and Rocky, Bullwinkle's partner in adventures. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1080 × 720 pixel, file size: 676 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) SquirrelEatingNut I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1080 × 720 pixel, file size: 676 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) SquirrelEatingNut I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the... This article is about the New York City borough, or Kings County, New York. ... For other uses, see Cartoon (disambiguation). ... Helen Beatrix Potter (28 July 1866 – 22 December 1943) was an English author and illustrator, botanist, and conservationist, best known for her childrens books, which featured animal characters such as Peter Rabbit. ... Redwall was the first book in the series by Brian Jacques. ... Jess Squirrel is a fictional character in Brian Jacques Redwall series. ... Clive Staples Jack Lewis (29 November 1898 – 22 November 1963), commonly referred to as C. S. Lewis, was an Irish author and scholar. ... For the film adaptation of the novel, see The Chronicles of Narnia: Prince Caspian. ... Robin Jarvis (born May 8, 1963) is a British childrens novelist, who wrote fantasy novels, often about anthropomorphic rodents and small mammals - especially mice - and Tudor times. ... In folklore, a skrat is a creature that lives in a cave or beech tree, but moves into farmhouses. ... This article is about the film. ... Slappy Slappy Squirrel (voiced by Sherri Stoner) is a character in the Warner Brothers cartoon show Animaniacs. ... This article is about the television series. ... Sandra Sandy Cheeks is a fictional character in the animated Nickelodeon animated series, SpongeBob SquarePants. ... This article is about the series. ... This article is about the comic strip. ... This article is about the movie, it can also be a short for the Wilderness. ... Squirrel Boy is an American animated television series produced by Cartoon Network Studios. ... For other uses, see Secret Squirrel (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Rare Ltd. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Squirrel Girl (Doreen Green) is a fictional superhero in the Marvel Universe. ... Neurotically Yours is a flash cartoon series created by iLL WiLL PreSS (the online pseudonym of Jonathan Ian Mathers, and the name of his online company) about a squirrel named Foamy. ... Nutty is a fictional character in the cartoon series Happy Tree Friends. ... Happy Tree Friends is a Flash cartoon series by Mondo Mini Shows, created by Kenn Navarro, Aubrey Ankrum, Rhode Montijo and Warren Graff. ... Rocky the Flying Squirrel. ... Bullwinkle J. Moose Bullwinkle J. Moose is a fictional character in the 1959–1964 animated television series Rocky and His Friends and The Bullwinkle Show (often collectively referred to as Rocky and Bullwinkle), produced by Jay Ward and Bill Scott. ...


Albino squirrels

Albino squirrel at UNT (Note the squirrel's pink-colored eye)
Albino squirrel at UNT (Note the squirrel's pink-colored eye)
Non-albino white squirrel (The squirrel's eye is brown)
Non-albino white squirrel (The squirrel's eye is brown)

The Albino Squirrel Preservation Society was founded at the University of Texas at Austin in 2001, and its sister chapter at University of North Texas (UNT) petitioned for an election to name their albino squirrel as the university's secondary mascot. The student body narrowly rejected the call.[16] Image File history File links UNTalbinosquirrel. ... Image File history File links UNTalbinosquirrel. ... UNT redirects here. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... The Albino Squirrel Preservation Society is a student organization founded in April of 2001 at the University of Texas. ... University of Texas redirects here. ... UNT redirects here. ...


Olney, Illinois, is home of the world's largest known albino-squirrel colony. Kenton, Tennessee, is home to about 200 albino squirrels. Brevard, North Carolina and Marionville, Missouri have a substantial population of white (not albino) squirrels. Western Kentucky University has a locally famous population of white squirrels. Exeter, Ontario in Canada is known for having non-albino white squirrels, believed to be the result of a genetic mutation in the early 20th century. White squirrels are also commonly seen in Dayton, Ohio on the main campus of Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio and on the campus of Youngstown State University in Youngstown, Ohio. The snow belt in Western and Central New York (Buffalo, Rochester, and Syracuse), also has a significant white squirrel population[citation needed]. Olney is a city in Richland County, Illinois, United States. ... Kenton is a town located in Tennessee. ... Brevard is a city in Transylvania County, North Carolina, United States. ... Marionville is a city located in Lawrence County, Missouri. ... Western Kentucky University (WKU) is a public university in Bowling Green, Kentucky. ... Exeter is a community in the Canadian town of South Huron, Ontario, located approximately 50 kilometres north of London. ... : Gem City : Birthplace of Aviation United States Ohio Montgomery 56. ... The Ohio State University (OSU) is a coeducational public research university in the state of Ohio. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Ohio, USA Coordinates: , Country State Counties Franklin, Fairfield, Delaware Government  - Mayor Michael B. Coleman (D) Area  - City 212. ... Youngstown State University, founded in 1908, is an accredited university located in Youngstown, Ohio US. As of 2005, there were 13,101 students and a student-faculty ratio of 19:1. ... Location within the state of Ohio Coordinates: , Country State Counties Mahoning, Trumbull Founded 1796 Incorporated 1848 (village) - 1867 (city) Government  - Mayor Jay Williams (I) Area  - City  34. ... Nickname: Location of Buffalo in New York State Coordinates: , Country State County Erie Government  - Mayor Byron Brown (D) Area  - City 52. ... This article is about the city of Rochester in Monroe County. ... Nickname: Location of Syracuse within the state of New York Coordinates: , City Government  - Mayor Matthew Driscoll (D) Area  - City 66. ...


Red and grey squirrels in the UK

A decline of the red squirrel and the rise of the eastern grey squirrel has been widely remarked upon in British popular culture. It is mostly regarded as the invading greys driving out the native red species.[17] Currently the red squirrel only resides in a few isolated areas of the UK, notably in Scotland and the lake district in England and the Isle of Wight. Special measures are in place to contain and remove any infiltration of grey squirrels in these areas For the North American red squirrel, see American Red Squirrel. ... The panorama across Eskdale from Ill Crag. ... For other uses, see Isle of Wight (disambiguation). ...


Under British law, the eastern grey squirrel is regarded as vermin, and it is illegal to release any into the wild; those caught must be either killed or kept captive.


See also

Squirrel fishing is the sporting practice of catching squirrels and attempting to lift them into the air using a peanut tied to a string or fishing line, and optionally some kind of fishing pole. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Squirrel. Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved on 2008-02-07.
  2. ^ Törmälä, Timo; Vuorinen, Hannu; Hokkanen, Heikki (1980). "Timing of circadian activity in the flying squirrel in central Finland". Acta Theriologica 25 (32-42): 461-474. Retrieved on 2007-07-11. 
  3. ^ Friggens, M. (2002). "Carnivory on Desert Cottontails by Texas Antelope Ground Squirrels". The Southwestern Naturalist 47 (1): 132-133. doi:10.2307/3672818. Retrieved on 2008-02-07. 
  4. ^ Bailey, B. (1923). "Meat-eating propensities of some rodents of Minnesota". Journal of Mammalogy 4: 129. 
  5. ^ Wistrand, E.H. (1972). "Predation on a Snake by Spermophilus tridecemlineatus". American Midland Naturalist 88 (2): 511-512. doi:10.2307/2424389. Retrieved on 2008-02-07. 
  6. ^ Whitaker, J.O. (1972). "Food and external parasites of Spermophilus tridecemlineatus in Vigo County, Indiana". Journal of Mammalogy 53 (3): 644-648. doi:10.2307/1379067. Retrieved on 2008-02-07. 
  7. ^ Bradley, W. G. (1968). "Food habits of the antelope ground squirrel in southern Nevada". Journal Of Mammalogy 49 (1): 14–21. doi:10.2307/1377723. Retrieved on 2008-02-07. 
  8. ^ Morgart, J.R. (May 1985). "Carnivorous behavior by a white-tailed antelope ground squirrel Ammospermophilus leucurus". The Southwestern Naturalist 30 (2): 304-305. doi:10.2307/3670745. Retrieved on 2008-02-07. 
  9. ^ K. Muston. Getting Squirrely. Daily Kos:. Retrieved on 2008-02-07.
  10. ^ Tree Squirrels - University of Georgia
  11. ^ Levee Safety Program: Burrowing Animals. Santa Clara Valley Water District (2006). Retrieved on 2008-02-07.
  12. ^ Jon Gottshall. Jon's World o' Squirrels. Jon's World o' Squirrels. Retrieved on 2007-02-07.
  13. ^ Susan Saliga. Backyard Squirrel Feeding Tips. Wisconsin Squirrel Connection. Retrieved on 2007-02-07.
  14. ^ Sara Rowe. Squirrel Tales: Care Instructions For Infant Squirrels. Squirreltales. Retrieved on 2007-02-07.
  15. ^ Davidson, Alan (1999). "Squirrel". Oxford Companion to Food. Oxford University Press. p. 750. ISBN 0192115790. 
  16. ^ "'Baby' is no more" (Fall 2006). North Texan 56 (3). University of North Texas. Retrieved on 2008-02-07. 
  17. ^ The Grey/Red Debate. Save our Squirrels. Red Alert North England. Retrieved on 2008-02-07.

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
SQuirreL SQL Client Home Page (629 words)
SQuirreL SQL Client is a graphical Java program that will allow you to view the structure of a JDBC compliant database, browse the data in tables, issue SQL commands etc, see Introduction.
Susan Cline graciously took the time to document the steps she followed to setup an Apache Derby database from scratch and use the SQuirreL SQL Client to explore it.
SQuirrel was originally released under the GNU General Public License.
Squirrel - MSN Encarta (452 words)
Squirrels range in size from the pygmy squirrels of Africa, which are about 13 cm (5 in) long, to the giant squirrels of Asia, which are about 90 cm (36 in) long.
Except for the ground squirrels, the animals live mainly in trees, and their food is largely vegetable (especially nuts, seeds, and buds), although they occasionally eat insects.
The North American red squirrel is classified as Tamiasciurus hudsonicus, the eastern fox squirrel as Sciurus niger, the gray squirrel as Sciurus carolinensis, the European red squirrel as Sciurus vulgaris, and the 13-lined ground squirrel as Spermophilus tridecemlineatus.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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